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£ibrm}so{ 




William Watson Smith 

CLASS OF 1892 

Memorial Fund 



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Hiscellanea. 



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€\ft Cjiombg Society. 



The Society was formed in 1889 for antiquarian objects in 
connection with Leeds and District Its publications include 
the Leeds Parish Church Register, Adel Roister, Kirkstall Abbey 
Coucher Book, Calveriey Charters, and Miscellanea. Methley 
Register is in preparation. 

Subscription, los, 6d, per annum. Life Fee, ^5 ss 
President and Hon, Treasurer: Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red 
Hall, Leeds; Hon, Secretaries: G. D. Lumb, 65, Albion Street, 
Leeds; E. Kitson Clark, M.A., F.S.A., 9, Hyde Terrace, Leeds. 



The following is a list of publications which may be purchased 
by members. 

Applications — accompanied by remittance — to be addressed to 
the Treasurer, Mr. Edmund Wilson, Red Hall, Leeds. 

Of some of these the stock is very small. 

Cossins' Plan of Leeds, date about 1725, 2/6. 

Atkinson's "Ralph Thoresby, his Town and Times," 2 vols., 
containing 886 pages, bound in buckram, 10/6 (by post 
11/-). Published at 2^5/- net. A most interesting and 
valuable work. 

The Society's Publications, Bound, viz.: — 

Vol. I. — Leeds Registers, 15 7 2- 161 2, 15/9. 
„ n. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 
„ III. — Leeds Registers, 161 2-1639, 10/6. 
„ IV. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 
„ V. — Adel Registers, 1606-18 12, 5/3. 
„ VI. — Calveriey Charters (in progress). 
„ VII. — Leeds Registers, 1639-1667, 15/9. 
„ VIII. — Kirkstall Abbey Coucher Book (in progress). 
„ IX. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 
„ X. — Leeds Registers, 1 667-1 695, 15/9. 



The publications 

OF 

THE THORESBY SOCIETY. 



Miscellanea, 



The publications 



OF THE 



Thoresby Society. 



(ESTABLISHBD IN THE YBAR MDCCCLXXXIX.) ' 



VOLUME XI. 



MISCELLANEA 

Consisting of Parts published in 
1900, 1902 AND 1904. 



LEEDS: 1904. 



PREFACE. 



^TT^R Council of the Thoresby Society have pleasure 
in presenting to the Members the fourth volume 
of the " Miscellanea/' and the eleventh of the publications 
of the Society, consisting of the "Miscellaneous*' parts 
issued for 1900, 1902, and 1904. 

The important work of which the various papers of 
these issues is the outcome, merits the gratitude of all 
those who are at the*ipresent and those who will be in 
the future interested in the history of Leeds and district. 

An important addition has been made to the history 
of early families of the district by a paper on that of 
Leathley, in which will be found a remarkable record 
of benefactions to Kirkstall Abbey, Fountains Abbey, 
and other Yorkshire religious houses. The series of 
Leeds wills extracted from the probate registry at York 
has been carried on from 1531 to i537« These, with the 
Yorkshire Lay Subsidies of the year 1545 for the 
Wapentakes of Aggbrigg and Morley, provide material 
for a picture of the personal life and a history of the 
development of surnames in the sixteenth century ; while 
the seventeenth century is represented by documents 
relating to the Leeds manor, to the pulpit, to the police 
court, and to military expenses. 

Captain Pickering was sworn in 1656 into the office 
of Justice of the Peace, and his note-book brings back 
in racy fashion certain picturesque and disreputable 
events of that and the following year. 



1900. Vol. XI, parti 
publications of the 

-I 




Miscellanea 






•X^CTvO: 



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ERRATA. 



Page 65, line 22. For "proved 1633," read "proved 1533. * 
Page 286, line 2. Delete " It is still used as a chapel." 




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CJe J^milg of iLeatjjleg or lelag^ 

By W. PALEY BAILDON, F.S.A. 



'TTHE earliest holders of Baildon, after Domesday, of whom we have 
any record, are the Lelays. The whole subsequent manorial 
history turns upon them, and it is not improbable that they represent 
the owner of Baildon in the time of William the Conqueror. More- 
over, as they have received scant attention at the hands of Yorkshire 
genealogists, I may be pardoned for treating their history at some 
length. 

They were descended from Ebrard or Evrard, a vassal of the 
Percys, who held four carucates of land in Ledelai (Leathley) at the 
time of Domesday, besides other property in the West Riding and in 
Lincolnshire. Evrard's surname is nowhere mentioned. His various 
manors were as follows: — 

fo. 301/^. Land of the King. Manor. In Castelai (Castley) Eluuin had one 
caracate to be taxed, and Berae and Elflet had one carucate. There is land for 
two ploughs. Ebrard, a man of William de Perci's, cultivates (coltt) it, but William 
does not vouch for it. T.R.E. worth ten shillings, now sixteen pence. 

fo. 322, Land of William de Perci. Manor. In Ledelai (Leathley) Archil had 
four carucates to be taxed, where there may be two ploughs. Now Ebrard holds 
it of William. He himself has two ploughs there and five villans, and three bordars 
have two ploughs; a mill worth two shillings; two acres of meadow. T.R.E. 
worth forty shillings, now twenty-four shillings. 

fo. 321^. Land of William de PercL Manor and Soke. In Haghedenebi 

(Ilagenby near Tadcaster— disappeared) Archil had three carucates to be taxed, 

idicre there may be two ploughs. The soke is in Hailaga [Helaugh]. Now Ebrard 

has it of WilliaoL He himself has one plough, and there are two villans and n 

bordar with one plough. Four acres of meadow, etc. T.R.E. value twenty 
shillings, now twenty-four shillings. 

nJ fo. 322. Land of William de Perci. Six manors. In Lintone, Wiber, Ulf, 

1*^ Raveochil, Ruschil, Ber and Ulchil had eight and a half carucates of land to tax, 

V where there may be four ploughs. Now Ebrard holds it of William. He himself 

has ooe plough, and three villans and two bordars have one plough ; a mill worth 

sixteen shillings, etc T.R.E. worth sixty shillings, now forty shillings. 

•,* This paper is taken from the Author's collections for a "History of 
Baildon," to l)e published hereafter ; the right of reprinting is reserved. 




4 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

fo* 354' Land of William de Perci. Lincolnshire. Manor. In Lagesbi 
(Legsby) AIsi had one carucate of land ; there is land for two ploughs. Evrard, a 
man of William's, has there two ploughs, and six villans and one bordar have one 
plough ; a mill worth sixpence, etc. T. R. E. worth thirty shillings, now forty shillings. 

Soke. In Houten (Houghton) the soke of ten bovates of land is in L^;sby. 
Land for two ploughs. Evrard, a man of William's, has there six socmen and ten 
villans and two bordars with two ploughs and thirty acres of meadow. 

It will be noticed that these were all held of William de Percy, 
except Castley, which, at the time of the Survey, was held directly of 
the Crown. 

Evrard's descendants made Leathley their principal seat, and from 
that circumstance called themselves " de Lelay," that being the early 
way of spelling the name. Nothing further is known of Evrard 
himself, save that he had a son Hugh. He was no doubt a Norman, 
like his lord, William de Percy ; he was probably a young man at the 
time of the Survey, and was very likely the son of one of Percy's 
original followers. 

Hugh son of Evrard gave lands in Stainton in Craven* to Selby 
Abbey. This grant is mentioned in the confirmation charters of 
Stephen (1154), Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III. Hugh 
also gave lands in Thorp, which grant is mentioned in the charters of 
Henry II and Henry III only, and is therefore in all probability 
subsequent to Stephen's confirmation charter of 1154.^ 

The later Lelays were great benefactors to many of the religious 
houses of Yorkshire, especially to Fountains. I think the most 
convenient plan will be to give short notes of their various charters 
under the headings of the respective houses, and to reserve comment 
until we resume the chronological story of the family. 

Fountains Abbey. 

I. Adam son of Hugh de Lelay quit-claimed from himself and his 
heirs all his claim to half the mill of Rigton to Hugh, his eldest 
brother, and his heirs, in consideration of ten marks of silver. If 
Adam or his heirs shall at any time do anything contrary to this 
charter, they shall forfeit thirty marks to the fabric of St. Peter's at 
York by way of penalty.^ 

^ A hamlet in the township of Bank Newton and parish of Gargrave. 

2 Selby Abbey Coucher, Yorkshire Record Series, i, 7, 13, 15, 18, 21. 

3 Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. 202. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 5 

II. Hugh son of Hugh de Lethlay granted to Fountains Abbey 
half the mill of Rigton,with the suit thereof and all other appurtenances, 
and free right of way throughout the territory of Rigton (except meadow 
and covert) to the said mill. His men of Rigton shall keep up the 
dam and the house and shall carry the mill stones. The monks shall 
have in my wood of Rigton such rights as belong to the said half mill.' 

III. Hugh son of Hugh de Lethlay grants to Fountains Abbey a 
carucate of land, that is, half of all my land in Rigton.' 

IV. Hugh son of Hugh de Lethlay grants to Fountains Abbey 
half of the ville of Rigton, with the homage and services of all the 
free tenants and their heirs, and all the natives with their chattels and 
sequela^ and half the mill with the suit thereof.' 

V. Hugh son of Hugh de Lethlay grants another charter in almost 
identical terms.^ 

VI. Hugh son of Hugh de Lethlay acknowledges the receipt of 
one hundred marks by the hands of Roger and Godard, monks of 
Fountains, according to the agreement made between the Abbat and 
Convent of Fountains and the said Hugh concerning the land of Rigton 
in 1244, in the time of John III, Abbat.** 

VII. Hugh son of Hugh de lethlay appeared at York in full 
county court on Tuesday after the Epiphany, 32 Henry III, 1248, 
before Sir William de Midelton, then Sheriff, and others, and fully 
admitted that he and his heirs were bound to indemnify the Abbat 
and Convent of Fountains from all suits due to Margaret de Rivers,* 
her heirs or assigns, at her court of Herwode or elsewhere, in respect 
of all the land which they hold in Rigton of my gift.' 

VIII. I, Hugh de Lelay, with the consent of Christiana my wife, 
have granted to Roger Pictavensis and Isouda my daughter, in frank- 
marriage, all the ville of Staynburn, with demesnes and services, and 
all appurtenances, To hold to him and his heirs begotten of Isouda 
in frank-marriage. Witnesses, William de Lelay, Bertram de Stiveton, 
Robert de Muhaut, Serlo de Pouel, William de Stiveton, and many 
others.' 

* ChaituUry of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. 202. 

« Ilnd, ••» Ibid. * Ibid. fo. 202^. » Ibid. 

• Margaret, daughter of Thomas, Count of Savoy, and wife of Baldwin de 
Red vers, $th Earl of Devon. He died in 1262; so that Charter No. 25 must be 
after that date. 

^ Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. Txyid. 

"^ Ibid, fo. 2\(id. Original pnus F. H. Fawkes, Esq., of Famley. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

IX. William the Clerk, son of William de Staynburn, sold to Roger 
Pictavensis two bovates of land in Staynburn, and three and a half 
acres in Croked -ridding and Stubbe- ridding, and half an acre near 
Eva*s house. ^ 

X. William son of William sold to Roger Pictavensis all the 
tenement that Richard son of Thor held of him (William) in Stayn- 
burn, and all the services and rent of the same ; namely, one bovate 
of land.^ 

XI. Isouda, formerly wife of Roger Pictavensis, in her widowhood 
and lawful power, granted to Fountains Abbey the whole ville of 
cJcaynburn, />. all the lands, rents and possessions that she had there, 
as well in demesnes as in services. The monks are to do foreign 
service for five carucates of land where fourteen make a knight's fee.' 

XII. Fine levied at York, 36 Hen. Ill, 125 1-2, between Roger 
Peytevin, demandant, and Stephen, Abbat of Fountains, tenant, of the 
manor of Staynburn, which Roger admits to be the right of the Abbat 
and church of Fountains ; and he quit-claims the same from him and 
his heirs.* 

XIII. Roger Pictavensis junior quit-claims to Fountains Abbey all 
his right in the manor of Staynburn, according to the charter of 
Isouda, his grandmother.*^ 

XIV. Hugh son of William de Lelay confirmed to Fountains 
Abbey all the ville of Staynburn, by these bounds : as the river which 
is the boundary between Staynburn and Lindelay runs into Elnehirst- 
sike, and so to the spring near the road from Staynburn to Famley, 
and from the spring to Turse-fen (?), and so by the river to Staynburn- 
beck, and thence to the bridge of Lincroft, and thence to the river 
which runs between Kirk-how and Norman-rode, and thence by the 
river to Newby, and thence to the ditch above Huby, which is called 
Mere-dike, and so by the ditch to the river which divides Huby and 
Rigton, and so along that river to the spring at its head, and so from 
the spring towards the east to Haukeraitheker, and thence towards 
the north to the cross called Mere-cross, and thence by a straight line 
to Alumseclyve (P),*^ and so to the west to (xrai-stane, and thence to 
Wynd-byrkes, and thence to Hol-sike as it falls into Cremple, and 



^ Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. 2i6</. Original penes 
K. H. Fawkes, Esq., of Farnley. 

2 Ibid, The text of this charter appears below. ^ /^^^ 4 /^^, 

'^ Ibid. This is given more fully hereafter. « Almes Cliff. 



THE FAMILY OK LEATHLEY OR LELAV. 7 

thence to the Standand-stane on the moor, and thence to Reufhahe- 
stanes near Cravene-gate, and thence towards the west to Sandwath, 
and thence to Eskillstahe by the river, running down the middle, and 
thence to the boundary of Lindelay, and so along to the first named 
river. To hold to the monks according to the charter of Isouda 
my daughter.' 

XV. Another charter from Hugh son of William de Lelay con- 
firming the same.'* 

XVI. W de Plumpton grants and quit-claims to Fountains 

all his right in the wood and moor of Staynburn, so that the monks 
may hold and enjoy the whole of the wood and moor which they have 
by a charter of Hugh de I-»elay. Saving to me and my heirs and my 
men of Brakenthwait herbage in the wood where we have been wont 
to take it.' 

XVII. Henry son of Holdewin de Rigton quit-claims all his right 
and claim within the bounds of Staynburn as contained in the 
charter of Sir Hugh de Lelay.* 

XVIII. Robert son of Nigel de Castelay quit-claims all his right 
in the common of Staynburn by those bounds which they have of the 
gift of Hugh de Lelay.' 

XIX Roger son of Alexander de Hughby quit-claims all his right 
within the same bounds.' 

XX. J .... , Abbat of Fountains, grants to Hugh son of William 
de Lelay, that he may have pasture in the ville and territory of 
Staynburn all his life for his own animals belonging to his house at 
Lelay. His heirs are not to have this right.' 

XXI. Thomas Hurtescy quit-claims all his right in the common 
of Staynburn by the bounds which they have of the gift of Hugh de 
I^lay, so that neither I nor my heirs shall have any right within those 
bounds by reason of holding land in Lelay, except wood-pasture for 
ten cattle and thirty sheep (bidenies)? 

XXII. Robert de Lelay granted to Fountains Abbey thirty acres of 
land and pasture for two hundred sheep in Staynburn, viz.: that which 
I bought from William the clerk of Marton.* 



' Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fos. 202^, 225. 

* Ibid. » Ibid. fo. 225. * Ibid. » Ibid. 

* Ibid, ' Ibid. « Ibid. ® Ibid, fo. 225^. 



8 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

XXIII. Robert de Leleia granted to Fountains Abbey land in 
Stainburn, and covenanted that if he could not warrant it he would 
grant land of the same value in Haggendebi. Witnesses, Alan de 
Catherton and others. Seal of brown wax, pointed oval; an eagle 
reguardant, with outspread wings. Legend : + Sigill : Roberti : de : 
Lelaia :^ 

XXIV. Richard de Lutrineton grants and confirms those bounds 
between Staynburn and Rigton which Hugh de Lelay granted them.' 

XXV. Margaret de Redvers, Countess of Devon, in her widowhood, 
released all suits of court belonging to her court of Harewood for the 
lands and tenements held by Fountains Abbey in Staynburn and 
Rigton, until the ville of Lelay shall come into the hands of the right 
heir of the late Hugh de Lelay. If the heir shall alienate the ville, 
then the Countess may distrain.^ 

XXVI. William the Clerk, son of William de Staynboum, gave to 
Eva, daughter of William de Swillington, two bovates of land in 
Staynburn and a messuage with a croft ; also an acre of land in the 
Hanging Croft {in pmdenti crofto\ and the toft and croft which 
belonged to Reginald son of Archill, and three-quarters of an acre in 
the essart which was Eviet's (?). To hold of me and my heirs in fee, 
by homage and a rent of fourpence yearly for all services, except 
forinsec service.* 

XXVII. William son of William de Staynburn granted to Eva 
daughter of William de Swillington, and her heirs, a bovate of land 
in Staynburn, and the land called Odegate-land up to the Standing 
Stone, and extending from the road near the church up to Hangang 
Croft ; also a rood and a half of land lying on both sides of the croft 
belonging to Eva. To hold of me and my heirs, paying twopence 
yearly, and doing forinsec service.^ 

XXVIII. Eva daughter of William le Palmer of Swillington granted 
to Fountains all the toft and croft that she had in Staynburn, and 
six acres of land there.* 

XXIX. Eva de Lelay, in her lawful power {Le, in her widowhood), 
grants to Fountains three bovates of land in Staynburn, with tofts and 
crofts, viz.: that which William the' Clerk sold to me. To hold of 

* See engraving on the Pedigree. Original petus F. H. Fawkes, Esq. 

" Chartulary of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. 225^. 

^Ibid, See note to No. VII. ^ Ibid, ^ Ibid. ^ Ibid, 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 9 

me and my heirs in frank-alraoigne, paying yearly to German de 
Sta3mbum and his heirs sixpence for all service, except forinsec service.* 

XXX. William son of Ralph granted and confirmed to Fountains, 
so fiar as pertained to him, the toft, croft and six acres which Eva de 
Swillington gave. Also, by another charter, the three bovates of land 
with tofts and crofts which Eva de Lelay gave them with three roods 
of land. Witnesses, Nigel de Plumpton, Robert fil. Uckeman, and 
others.' 

XXXI. William the Clerk of Staynburn grants three acres in the 
territory of Staynburn, which lie rather to the east in the culture of 
Eadolfriding. He also confirmed the gift of thirty acres of land in 
the viUe of Staynburn and common of pasture for two hundred sheep, 
the gift of Robert de Lelay.' 

XXXII. Robert son of Ranulf de Monkton confirmed the gift of 
Isolda, widow of Roger Peytevin. Helewise, relict of Robert, also 
confirmed.* 

XXXIII. Hugh son of William de Lelay quit-claimed to Fountains 
Abbey the service of William son of Gilbert of Castley in respect of 
a tenement in Castley.' 

Salley Abbey. 

XXXIV. William son of Hugh de Leelai granted and quit-claimed 
to Salley Abbey a rent of fifteen shillings in Stainton. Witnesses, 
Malger parson of Gisbum, Simon de Moualt, Richard de Goldesborug, 
etc* 

XXXV. Hugh son of Hugh de Lelay confirmed to Salley Abbey 
all the lands and pastures, etc., which they held in his fee in Stainton, 
Boulton, Gasegyle, Rimmington and Famley, according to the charters 
of Hugh his father and of other ancestors. Witnesses, Hugh de 
Halton, William de Lindelai, William fil. Arkyl, etc' 

XXXVI. William de Lelai, knight, quit-claims all right in the 
service of Stainton, as to which there has been some question, and 
confirms all their lands in Boulton and elsewhere in his fee, whether 
given by himself or his sons. Witnesses, the Prior and the whole 
Convent of Kirkstall, Simon de Monte alto, William his son, etc' 



• ChartuUry of Fountains Abbey, Add. MS. 18276, fo. 225*. 

• [bid, fo. 226. Original penes F. H. Fawkes, Esq. 

• Ibid. * Burton, Mofu Bbor.^ p. 201. ^ Ibid. p. 157. 
•Chartulary of Salley Abbey, Harleian MS. 112, fo. lyl. 

T Ibid, fo. 14. « Ibid. 



lO THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

XXXVII. Robert de Leeleia grants thirteen acres of wood and moor 
land lying between Fulden and Rauenesberth, and pasture for ten 
cows and their offspring up to one year old. Witnesses, William the 
Constable, Jordan and Helias the King's Serjeants, Hugh the Clerk 
of Boulton, Walter de Wadington, etc.* 

XXXVIII. Hugh de Leley grants the land which he formerly held 
of Salley Abbey between Weston and Ascwith, to do as they please 
with. He also confirmed a bovate of land in Rimmington given by 
Christiana de Pathom. Also two bovates in Farnley given by Robert 
his brother. And all lands in his fee in (? Bolton), Gasegyle and 
Stainton, according to the charters of William his father. He will 
warrant all lands in Boulton given by Robert de Lelei his brother, 
because Robert gave in exchange to me and my heirs all his land in 
the town and territory of Boulton. Witnesses, Oliver de Brinckil, 
William de Hebbeden, William Vavasore, Philip de Rimmington, etc' 

XXXIX. William son of Hugh de Lelay confirmed the gift by 
Robert his son of a toft in Boulton on Wikitgibanc and ten acres of 
land on Ravenisberh and three acres of land, and pasture on the 
common there for twenty cows and their calves up to two years. 
Witnesses, Malger parson of Gyseburn, William fil. Robert, Richard 
Vavasour, etc.* 

XL. Robert son of William de Lelay grants for the use of the 
church and buildings of Salley a toft in Boulton on Wikingile-banc 
containing ten acres of land, and three acres on Ravenesberh, and 
pasture for twenty cows and their calves up to two years old. To 
hold of me and my heirs at a rent of two shillings for all services. 
Witnesses, W. de Marton, John de Halton, Elias his brother, etc.* 

XLI. Robert de Lelay granted two bovates in the territory 

of Fernley, free from all service except forinsec service. The bovates 

are those which Ernald and William held. Witnesses, H. de Perci, 
William de Leelaya, Simon de Monte alto, etc.^ 

XLI I. Robert de Lelay grants common of pasture for twenty- 
four beasts in the territory of Hagandeby, everywhere except in com 
and meadow. Witnesses, Oliver de Brinkil, Geoffrey de Rufford, John 
de Toueton, Henry de Kahale (?), Bertram de Stiueton, William de 
Marisco, etc." 



^Chartulary of Salley Abbey, Harleian MS. 112, fo. 31. 

'^Ibid, fos. 31, 148. ^Ibid, fo. 310^. ^rbUL 

^' Ihid. fo. 148. ^ Ibid. fo. 160. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. II 

XLIII. Robert de Lelay quit-claimed all the tithes and lands 
belonging to the church of Tadecastre, which the Archbishop assigned 
to Salley. Also all the timber of his grange of Hagandeby. He 
pledged all his rents in Goldsbrugh and Lelay, and the church of 
Tadecastre for the fulfilment of this agreement Witnesses, Johp 
Roman, Canon of York, Master Godard, the penitencer, Master 
Maurice and the whole Chapter.* 

S. Peter's, York. 

XLIV. Hugh de Lelay grants to Walter, Archbishop of York, the 
church of Weston with its appurtenances in frank-almoign, to augment 
the lights in S. Peter's Church, according to the Archbishop's discretion. 
Witnesses, Robert de Lelay, Henry de Muhaut, Nicholas Wart (Ward), 
William Martel, Adam and Henry chaplains of Otley, Richard de 
Bereforde, William de Vescy, Paulin de Otteley, Odo de Richmund, etc. 
Dated at Otteley, the day before the nones of November, 1221.' 

XLV. Hugh son of Hugh de Lelay confirmed. Witnesses, Robert 
Haget, Canon of Hereford, William de Vescy, Martin de Marisco, 
William Martel, William de Widindon, Adam de Stavel', Henry Walensis, 
Rebert de Pauilli, Paulin de Otteley, Reginald de Stowa, clerk, etc.* 

XLVI. William son of Serlo grants to Robert de Lelay and his 
heirs four bovates of land in Farnlay, which were the dower of Idonea 
my mother, and the third part of the land of Serlo my father ; also 
the service of Roger son of William ; paying yearly twelve pence for 
all service. Witnesses, Simon and Henry de Monte alto, Ralph de 
Bntmhope, Hugh de Lelay, Serlo de Posle [Poole], etc.* 

XLVn. Robert de Lelay releases to Walter, Archbishop of York, 
all right to the land in Famle which was William Malebraunche's, 
and grants all his land called Scales, and all his other land in Farnlee, 
whether in the fee of Serlo de Poule or not. Witnesses, Hugh de 
Lelay, William de Lindelay, Ysak de Timbel, Alan de Farnelee, Adam 
and Paul de Newhall, and others.* 

XLVin. Robert de Lelai confirms to S. Peter's Church, York, half 
a carucate of land and an essart in Herbert's croft, with six tofts and 
crofts of his demesne in Appelton, and two shillings and eightpence 
rent from Gotte and his heirs ; all of which Ralph de Bray gave them, 



* Chartalary of .Salley Abbey, Harlcian MS. 112, fo. 160. 

« Cotton. MS., Claudius B. Ill, fo. 26^. ^ Ilnd. 

* /bid. fo. 44. » /bid. 



12 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

and which he held of me by the rent of a pair of gilt spurs or four- 
pence. Witnesses, William de Percy, Richard Malebis, Jordan de 
Sancta Maria, Alan de Catherton, William de Scotein, Robert de 
Wilesthorp, Oliver de Brinkel, Fulk de Ruthford (?), Henry BusUrd, 
Hugh de Stiveton, Gotte de Appulton, Richard the Clerk of Homing- 
ton, and others.^ 

XLIX. Hugh de Lelay confirmed the charters of Ralph de Bray 
and Robert de Lelay his brother to S. Peter's, York, relating to Appelton. 
Witnesses, Robert de Lelay, Hugh parson of Weston, Robert his brother, 
Robert the Clerk of Hammerton, and others.^ 

L. Robert de Lelay gave lands in Stutton (Steeton) which 
appertain to his land at Hangandeby.' 

KiRKSTALL Abbey. 

LL Roger son of Hugh de Leley, for the souls of Hugh and 
Christiana, his father and mother, gave eleven bovates of land in 
Bramhope, and all the men dwelling on the same, with their sequela 
and chattels, and also three bovates there, two held by John son of 
Hugh and the other by Helias PuUus ; in free alms ; the monks must 
do the forinsec service belonging to three bovates where twenty 
carucates make a knight's fee. Witnesses, Hugh de Lelay, Hugh his 
son, Nicholas Ward, Adam his brother, etc.* 

LIL Adam son of Adam son of Hugh de Lethelay confirms 
all the gifts of his ancestors in Bramhope. Witnesses, Sir Richard de 
Thornhill, Sir Richard de Tanghe, William Warde, Simon his brother, 
parson of Gisley, William Pictavensis, etc.* 

LHL William de Lelay gave various lands and rights in 
Horsforth.* 

LIV. Americus de Sancto Mauro, Master of the Knights 
Templars in England, quit-claimed to Kirkstall Abbey those six 
bovates of land in Horsforth which they had of the gift of William 
son of Hugh de Lelai.^ 

1 Cotton. MS., Claudius B. Ill, fo. lOO. ^ Ibid. fo. lood. 

3 Ibid. fo. 84. The Baildon charters appear later. 

* Mon. Ang., V, 538. Add. MSS. 27413, fo- 2. ^ Mon. Ang., V, 538. 

®See KirkstaU CoucJur Book (Thoresby Society), pp. 75, 76, 77, where five 
charters of his are given. 

' Harleian MS. 802, fo. (>^d. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 13 

LV. Henry III, Jan. 30, anno 21, 1237, granted free warren in the 
land in Horsford which the monks had of the gift of Hugh de Lelay 
and Nigel de Horsford.* 

LVI. Hugh son of William de Lelay gave a tenement in Mickle- 
gate, York.' 

S. Peter's Hospital, York, afterwards S. Leonard's. 

LVIL I, Hugh son of William de Lelay, have given, etc., to the 
Hospital of S. Peter, York, two tofts and two crofts in Lelay.' 

LVHL Roger son of Hugh de Lelay gave a moiety of the mills, 
etc, both within the town of I^lay and without in the territory of the 
same town, namely, the moiety which he formerly held of the Hospital.* 

LIX. Agnes, relict of Roger son of Hugh de Lelay, confirmed the 
gift of her husband.* 

LX. William son of Jordan de Lelay and Margery his wife, 
daughter of Hugh de Lelay granted permission that the Hospital might 
bring "the course of the water of Walkesbume (Washbume) within our 
lands of Kelesall in the field of I^lay to the mill of Lelay."** 

LXI. William Saracen of Yorke and Alice his wife, daughter of 
Hugh de Lethlay, granted "the course of the water to their (the 
Hospital's) mill of Lelay, as in the former charter." Dated at York, 
Twelfth Day, 1258.^ 

LXII. Hugh son of William de Lelay gave the moiety of the 
mills which are to be made in the town of Lelay, and that bovate of 
land there which R^inald son of Osbert held.^ 

LXHL Emma Darrell, late wife of Hugh de Lelay, confirmed all 
the gifts of her late husband.* 

Helaugh Park Priory. 

LXIV. Robert de Lelay grants to the Priory of Healaugh Park 
the whole ville of Hagandeby, containing three carucates, with the 
a^ital messuage and all demesne lands.^^ 



iQuirter Roll, 21 Henry III, m. 7. » Mon. Ang., V, 549. 

* Ldger of S. Leonard's of Yorke, 2 vol., fo. 73. ^Ibid, « Ibid. 

''Ibid, fa 7. '/^^. fo. 73. ®/*'^. fo. 74- 

» Ibid, fo. 75. Harleian MS. 799, fos. 6ia, 62. 
>*» Cotton. MS. Vespasian A. iv, fos. 14//, 15. 



14 THE FAMILY OF LEA'lHLEY OR LELAY. 

LXV. Hugh de Lelay grants the church of Lelay, so far as it 
belongs to him. Witnesses, Simon de Monte alto, William and Henry 
his sons, Robert de Lelay, and others.* 

LXVI. Hugh de Lelay grants two bovates in Lelay for the fabric 
of the church. Witnesses, Roger de Lelay (his son), etc.^ 

LXVIL Hugh de Lelay grants a rent of six shillings in Castley 
towards finding fish for the Canons in Advent.' 

LXV in. Ralph* brother of Hugh de Lelay gave half of his 
demesnes in Hagenby, in which town there are contained three 
carucates. Witnesses, Jordan de Sancta Maria, Robert de Cokefeld, 
Hugh de Lelay his brother, Oliver de Brincel.' 

LXIX. In 12 22 Robert de Lelay gave two parts of this town.* 

Nun Appleton Priory. 

LXX. Isolda daughter of Hugh de Lelay gave to Nun Appleton 
Priory a carucate of land in Castley, and an oxgang of land, with the 
service of Geoffrey de Arthington of fourpence; Sir Hugh de Lelay 
confirmed.' 

Bolton Priory. 

LXXI. Hugh de Lelay gave the homage and service of William 
Ruffus, son of Liulf, and his heirs, and two shillings and sixpence 
which William pays yearly for land held of Hugh in Rodes in 
Mensington, lying between Merebeck and Blakesike, in frank-almoigne. 
Witnesses, Adam chaplain of Otteley, Thomas parson of Addingham, 
Symon de Monte alto, Peter de Marton, Alan de Everingham, then 
bailiff of Otley, etc.« 

William son of Hugh son of Evrard was probably born about 
1 1 30. He occurs as a witness to a very early charter, by which Norman 
son of Ughtred confirmed to the poor men of the Hospital of S. Peter 
at York (afterwards known as S. Leonard's) four bovates of land in 
Bramhope, which his mother had given them out of the lands she 
held in frank-marriage.® Among the witnesses were Adam and Walter, 

* Cotton. MS. Vespasian A. iv., fo. 15. 

•^Ibid. fo. 15^/. '^Ibid, fo. 16. 

* Probably a mistake for Robert. "Johnston's MSB. V. C. I. p. 169. 
^ Ibid, Burton, M(m, JCbor.t 2S2, '^ Ibid. rjT, 

^ Bolton Priory Raster, fo. 122. Harleian MS. 802, fo. 105^. Dodsworth MSS. 
cxliv, fo. 44^. 
Rawlinson MS., B 455, fo. 3. Thoresby Society, Miscellanea, ix, p. 232. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 1 5 

son and brother respectively of Norman, the grantor of the charter. 
This charter is probably not much, if any, later than 1160. We shall 
sec that William's son, Hugh de Lelay, married Christiana, daughter 
of this Adam fitz Norman. The descendants of Norman were known 
by several surnames, derived from their different properties; two of 
these, de Pathome and de Rimmington, will occur later. 

The earliest dated item we have of the de Lelays by that name 
is in the Pipe Roll of 12 Henry H, 1 165-6. Among many others 
who were amerced for concealing the death of one Cnud, William 
son of Hugh de Leeleia is set down as owing loos. Adam 
son of Norman, mentioned above, was charged with 131. 4^. Both 
these were in the wapentake of Claro. In the next year, 13 Henry H, 
1 166-7, Adam paid his mark, and de Lelay paid five marks, ^^ 6s. Sd, 
He paid the remaining j£i 13^. 4^/. in the following year. 

In 22 Henry II, he was fined ten marks, ^£6 ly. 4</., for a default; 
of which he paid half. In the same year he was fined fifty marks, 
^33 6s, 8i/., in the amercement of the forest ; he paid one half down 
and the balance the following year. 

In 26 Henry II, Adam son of Norman and William son of Hugh 
de Leelai paid 200 marks, ;^i33 6x. 8^., for leave to marry Adam's 
daughter to William's son. They paid 50 marks this year, 50 marks 
in 27 Henry II, 1180-1; in 28 Henry II, 1181-2, William paid 30 
marks and Adam 70J.; in 29 Henry II, 1 182-3, William paid ;;^io 
and Adam j£s ; in 30 Henry II, 1 183-4, William paid 441. and Adam 
£6; in 31 Henry II, William paid the balance of 221. 8^., and Adam 
paid j£s ^^'i leaving a balance of ;;^i3 6s, Sd.j which he paid off 
in 34 Henry H, 1 187-8. 

We should infer from the large sum paid that Christiana was a 
considerable heiress ; but it is difficult to see why the King's consent 
was necessary, unless Adam was a tenant in capite. This he may well 
have been.' 

William de Lelay witnessed a charter of his son Hugh to 
Fountain's Abbey, No. viii. He and Hugh witnessed a charter from 
William son of William (of Stainbum) to Roger Poictevin, No. x. 
Both these related to land in Stainbum; and all were probably 
shortly before or after 1200. 

• In 1 166 Adam son of Norman and Henry son of Ypolitus jointly held a 
knight's fee of William dc Percy. Black Book of the Exchequer. 



l6 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAV. 

The first dated document showing any connection of the Lelays 
with Baildon is the Pipe Roll of 28 Henry II, 1181-2. The extracts 
from that and the succeeding Rolls are as follows: — 

William de Lelay owes fifteen marks for having a recognition 
touching land in Beildon against John son of Aissulf, to wit, that he 
(John) had no right (to it).^ 

The entries in the rolls for 29 and 30 Henry II are similar. 

The roll for 31 Henry II gives more information: — 

William de Lelay renders account of fifteen marks for having a 
recognition of land in Beldun which John son of Essulf claimed 
against him (to wit), whether the predecessor of the said John, who 
was an Englishman {Anglicus\ and through whom he claimed the 
land, was seised thereof on the day and year in which King Henry, 
the grandfather of the Lord King, was quick and dead. (He pays) 
into the Treasury five marks, and owes ten marks. 

William de Leelay renders account of ten marks for having a 
recognition of the land of Beldon, as annotated in the Roll for the past 
year. (He pays) into the Treasury jQ^, and owes four marks.* 

William de Leelay renders account of four marks for having a 
recognition of the land of Beldon. He delivers it into the Treasury, 
and is quit.' 

This interesting series of entries is of the highest importance. 
They show (i) that William de Lelay was in possession of land in 
Baildon in 1181-2; (2) that John son of Essulf, in or prior to that 
year, claimed certain land there as his right; (3) that the nature of 
the action was what was known as the grand assize ; (4) that William 
de Lelay paid a fee of fifteen marks (;^io) in order to have the case 
tried in a particular way known as a recognitio ; (5) that John claimed 
through a "predecessor," which must here be understood to mean 
" ancestor," who was seised of the property on December ist, 1135, 
the date of the death of King Henry I, and (6) that the said 
" predecessor " was of English descent, that is, that he was not a 
Norman. 

This, as I have already said, is the earliest record showing that 
the Lelays had property in Baildon, but we have, unfortunately, 
nothing to tell us when or how they obtained it. It may well be 
that Evrard was in possession as under-tenant at the time of Domes- 
day, or perhaps he or Hugh his son married an heiress or co-heiress, 

1 Pipe Roll, 28 Henry II. '^ Ibid,, 32 Henry II. 

» Ibid., 33 Henry II. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEV OR LELAY. 1 7 

and became possessed of Baildon in her right. If the latter supposition 
be the correct one, then the dispute with John fitz Essulf may have 
arisen over the partition of the property. 

In I20I-2, 3 John, a fine was levied between William son of Hugh 
de Lelay, plaintiff, and Jordan de Sancta Maria and Alice his wife, 
defendants, touching three hundred acres of wood in Helage Park. 
William quit-claims to Jordan and Alice and the heirs of Alice.* A 
fine of half a mark was paid for the licence of concord." 

William de Lelay was living in the third year of King John, 1 201-2, 
and as his son Hugh was old enough to be married in 1180, we 
may assume that William was an elderly man; he cannot well have 
been less than sixty years old, and was probably more, at the date 
mentioned, 1 201-2. 

This William de Lelay began the extraordinary series of benefactions 
to religious houses which I have already set out at some length, and 
which was continued by his sons. The following charters must be 
attributed to him, and are therefore most probably all of them before 
1200; — No. XXXIV and xxxvi (where he calls himself " knight ") gifts 
to Salley Abbey of lands in Stainton, Bolton in Bowland, and elsewhere 
within his fee ; No. xxxix, confirming his son Robert's gift in Bolton 
to the same house. The Stainton here mentioned is probably 
Stainton-Cotes, now a farm-house, in the township of Bank Newton 
and parish of Gargrave, seven miles from Skipton. He also gave 
lands in Horsforth to Kirkstall Abbey, No. liii, and to the Templars; 
the latter gift consisted of six bovates of land, which were conveyed 
to Kirkstall by the Master of the Templars, No. liv. 

His children were Hugh and Robert. The Jordan de Lelay, 
whose son William married Margery daughter of Hugh de Lelay,* may 
also have been a son of William's. 

Hugh son of William de Lelay was probably born before 1160; 
at any rate he was old enough, as we have already seen, to be 
married in 1180. 

His benefactions to religious houses were very numerous. The 
following numbers in the foregoing list refer to them : — No. xiv, 
confirming the grant of land in Stainburn by his daughter Isolda to 
Fountains ; No. xx, by which the Abbat of Fountains re-grants to him 
certain rights of pasture ; No. xxxviii, granting to Salley Abbey land 



* Feet of Fines, Yorks., John, No. 40. 
^G)ram Rege, John, No. 10, m. i. 

* Dodsworth MSS., viii, fo. 103. See Pedigree. 



t8 the family of leathley or lelay. 

between Askwith and Weston, and confirming a grant of land in 
Rinimington by Christiana de Pathorn (this was probably a grant by 
the lady who afterwards became his wife, made before her marriage), 
and confirming land in Farnley (Otley), Gasgill, Stainton and Rim- 
mington, given by his brother Robert ; No. xliv, granting the church 
of Weston to S. Peter's at York ; No. xlix, confirming the grants of 
land in Appleton by his brother Robert and Ralph de Bray to S. Peter's; 
No. LV, relating to a grant of land in Horsforth to Kirkstall ; 
No. Lvi, granting a tenement in Micklegate, York, to Kirkstall; 
No. LVI I, granting land in Leathley to S. Peter's, afterwards S. Leonard's, 
Hospital, at York ; No. lxii, granting half the mills of Leathley and 
lands there to the same house ; No. lxv, granting the church of 
Leathley, so far as it belonged to him, to Helaugh Park Priory ; No. lxvi, 
granting land in Leathley, and No. lxvii, granting a rent in Castley 
to the same house ; No. lxx, confirming a grant by his daughter 
Isolda of land in Castley to Nun Appleton Priory; and No. lxxi, 
granting land in Rodes in Menston to Bolton Priory ; No. xxxiii, 
granting services in Castley to Fountains. 

Passing over for a moment his dealings with Baildon, the following 
notes record all I have been able to find about him, except numerous 
undated charters witnessed by him. He and Robert his brother 
witnessed a charter from Jordan de Sancta Maria and Alice his wife 
to Helaugh Park. He and his father witnessed the charter of 
William son of William (de Stainburn) to Roger Poitevin relating to 
Stainburn, which will be referred to hereafter. 

Of dated documents, the earhest is in 5 John, 1 203-4, when Hugh 
paid fifteen marks for a concealment.^ This probably had something 
to do with his father's death, which happened about that time. In 
the same roll it is recorded that Hugh de Witon owed twenty shillings 
for having an inquisition of lawful men whether Hugh de Lelay and 
William son of Herbert had appealed him through hate or for some 
other cause.'^ A fine was levied in Easter Term, 6 John, 1205, between 
Walter de Faucunberge, plaintiff, and Hugh de Lelay, defendant, 
touching three and a half carucates of land in Apeltone, which Hugh 
admits to be the right of Walter. Walter grants the same to Hugh 
and his heirs, to hold of Walter and his heirs by the services due 
from twenty-two and a lialf bovates of land, where fourteen carucates 
make a knight's fee, excepting out of the said grant two bovates which 
William son of John held, two bovates which John son of John held, 

1 Pipe Roll. 2 Pipe Roll, 5 John, m. i6d. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. I9 

and one and a half bovates which AVilliam de Capella heldJ There 
had been some legal proceedings about this property, which Falconburg 
claimed as his right.' A fine was levied in Michaelmas Term, lo John, 
1208, between Hugh de Lelay and Christiana his wife, plaintiffs, and 
Alan de CoUum, defendant, touching four carucates of land in 
Lofthus and five bovates of land in Brakenholm, concerning which a 
recognition of great assize had been summoned between them. Alan 
admits the land to be the right of Christiana, and releases and quit- 
claims all his right to Hugh and Christiana and the heirs of the 
latter for ever. For this they have given him twenty marks of silver.^ 
This probably related to some of Christiana's property, which must 
have been very considerable. 

In 1 221 (see charter No. xliv, ante)^ Hugh gave the church of 
Weston to S. Peter's at York, I cannot say how the Lelays became 
possessed of their Weston property. Weston, like Baildon, and several 
other places where the Lelays had lands, had formed part of the 
Archbishop's Domesday manor of Otley. 

In Trinity Term, 8 Henry III, 1224, Robert de Percy complained 
of Henry de Percy, Walter de Percy, Hugh de Lillay, Richard de 
Lutrington, Robert de Plumton, Mathew de Brame, and others, for 
robbery and breach of the peace. None of them came. Among their 
manucaptors were Thomas fil. Ralph de Plumton, Mauger de Plumton, 
Roger Blundus, Gilbert fil. Norman, William de Stiveton, William de 
Plumton, William fil. Mathew (? de Brame), Walter fil. Mathew 
(? de Brame).* This note may possibly refer to Hugh's son of the 
same name. 

Hugh de Lelei was Bailiff of the West Riding, probably in King 
John's reign. In that capacity he witnessed an undated charter of 
William son of Michael de Brest^visel granting common of pasture in 
I)enby to Byland Abbey ; the grantor covenanted not to make more 
meadow in the common [fields] than there was in the time of King 
Richard ; stated to be for the safety of his soul, and in consideration 
of fivt marks of silver which the monks gave him (/>. William) in 
his great necessity.* 

We must now consider Hugh's dealings with Baildon, which, though 
few, had a far-reaching effect on the history of the manor. 

* Feet of Fines, York, 6-16 John, No. 2. 
■Coram Rege, John, No. 65, m. 12. 

« Feet of Fines, York, 6-16 John, No. 80. 

* Curia Regis, No. 86, m. 2. 
»A<1d. M.S., 18388, fo. I. 



20 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

At the time of the Domesday Survey, we find that Baildon was 
divided into two parts, not then called manors, though they subse- 
quently became so. One of these portions was parcel of the 
Archbishop's manor of Otley, the other belonged to Ernis de Burun's 
manor of Bingley. Hugh de Lelay, as will be seen presently, held 
both these moieties. 

One moiety, it is doubtful which, he dealt with by the following 
deed, which was copied by Dodsworth from Sir Thomas Metham's 
evidences. Presumably it got into the possession of the Methams 
through the marriage of Sir Thomas de Metham wMth Elizabeth, 
daughter and eventually heiress of Sir Miles de Stapelton of 
Haddlesey, circa 1370. Adam de Nereford, Isolda's grandson by her 
second husband, sold his Baildon property to John de Stapelton 
in 1316.^ 

Ego, Hugo de Lelai, dedi Rogero Pictaviensi et Isoude, filie mee, 
uxori sue, totam medietatem ville de Baildon, tam in dominicis quam 
in serviciis, cum omnibus hominibus eiusdem terre, pro faciendo 
forinsecum servicium quantum pertinet ad duas carucatas terre unde 
xxvij carucate terre faciunt feodum unius miHtis. Testibus, Roberto 
Vavasore, Malgero Vavasore, Simone de Monte alto, etc.^ 

Translation, 
I, Hugh de Lelay, have given to Roger Poitevin and Isolda my 
daughter, his wife, the whole half of the ville of Baildon, as well in 
demesnes as in services, with all the men of the same land, they 
doing the forinsec service as much as belongs to two carucates of 
land where twenty-seven carucates of land make a knight's fee. 

The other moiety he appears to have given to his son William, 
though the deed evidencing the grant has not been preserved. 

At some time subsequent to these gifts to his children, Hugh 
gave first one half, and then the whole, of his Baildon estate to 
S. Peter's at York, as is shown by the two following charters. 

Omnibus ad quos presentes littere pervenerint, Hugo de Lelai 
eternam salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra me, divini 
amoris intuitu, et pro animabus omnium antecessorum et successorum 
meorum, et pro anima Christiane uxoris mee, contulisse Deo et 
Ecclesie Sancti Petri et Canonicis ibidem Deo servienlibus, medietatem 
ville de Baildon, cum capitali mesagio et omnibus pertinenciis suis 



^ See the Stapeltons of Yorkshire, by H. E. Chetwynd-Stapylton, pp. 54, 78. 
^ Dodsworlh MSS., cxxiv, fo. 57. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 21 

sine aliquo retinemento, in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
ct quietam ab omni exactione et consuetudine et servicio seculari. 
Et ego, pro me et heredibus meis, juravi super Altare Sancti Petri 
quod ego et heredes mei prefatam elemosinam dicte Ecclesie contra 
omnes homines warantizabimus et defendemus imperpetuum, sicut 
puram elemosinam. Et in hujus rei testimonium, presentem cartam, 
sigillo meo signatam, super Altare Sancti Petri optuli. Hiis testibus, 
Hamone Thesaurario Eboracensi, Johanne Cancellario, Magistro 
Johanne Romano, Magistro Nicholao, Petro de Capella, Gilbert© de 
Malapalude, Ricardo Capellano, Johanne de Thoueton, clerico, Matheo 
de Malapalude, Alano fratre ejus, David, Ricardo clerico Magistri 
Johannis Romani, Elia Pulain, Adam Biscop, Waltero de Revest', 
Willelmo de Tumba, et multis aliis,' 

Translation, 
Xo all to whom these present letters shall come, Hugh de Lelai, 
greeting eternal in the Lord: Let the universe know that I, moved 
by divine love, and for the souls of all my ancestors and successors, 
and for the soul of Christiana my wife, have given to God and the 
Church of S. Peter, and the Canons there serving God, half the ville of 
Baildon, with the capital messuage, and all its appurtenances, without 
any retention, in free, pure and perpetual alms, and quit of all 
exaction and custom and secular service : And I, for myself and my 
heirs, have sworn on the Altar of S. Peter for myself and my heirs 
that we will warrant and defend the said alms to the said church, as 
pure alms, against all men : In witness whereof I have offered this 
present charter, sealed with my seal, upon the Altar of S. Peter. These 
being witnesses, Hamo the Treasurer of York, John the Chancellor, 
Master John Romanus, Master Nicholas, Peter of the Chapel, Gilbert 
de Mala palude, Richard the Chaplain, John de Thoueton clerk, 
Mathew de Mala palude, Alan his brother, David, Richard the Clerk 
of Master J. Romanus, Elias Pulain, Adam Biscop, Walter de 
Reuester', William de Tumba, and many others. 

This was followed, judging from the witnesses, almost imme- 
diately, by another charter granting the whole ville, 

Universis sancti matris Ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit, Hugo de Ixjlai eternam in Domino salutem. Noverit 
universitas vestra me divini amoris intuitu, et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorum et successorum meorum et pro anima Christiane uxoris 

' Register of S. Peter's, York, Cotton. MS. Claudius B. Ill, fo. 62^. 



22 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

mee, contulisse Deo et Ecclesie Sancti Petri Eboracensis et Canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus, totam villam de Baildon, cum capitali 
mesagio et cum omnibus aliis pertinenciis suis sine aliquo retine- 
mento, in puram liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, et quietam ab 
omni exactione et consuetudine seculari. Et ego, pro me et heredibus 
meis, juravi super Altare Sancti Petri quod ego et heredes mei 
elemosinam dicte ville contra omnes homines warantizabimus et 
defendemus imperpetuum, sicut puram elemosinam, et omne forinsecum 
servicium, quantum ad predictam villam de Baildon pertinet, ex aliis 
terris meis adquietabo. Et in hujus rei testimonium, presentem 
cartam, sigillo meo signatam, super Altare Sancti Petri optuli. Hiis 
testibus, Hamone Thesaurario, Johanne Cancellario, Magistro Johanne 
Romano, Petro de Capella, Nicholao, Gilberto, Ricardo, capellanis, 
Johanne de Taueton, clerico, Matheo de Malapalude, Alano fratre 
ejus, David, Ricardo clerico, Elia Pulain, Adam Biscop, Waltero de 
Revestiar', Willelmo de Tumba, et multis aliis.^ 

Translation, 

To all the sons of Holy Mother Church to whom this present 
writing shall come, Hugh de Lelai, greeting eternal in the Lord : 
Let the universe know that I, moved by divine love, and for the souls 
of all my ancestors and successors, and for the soul of Christiana my 
wife, have given to God and the Church of S. Peter of York, and the 
Canons there serving God, the whole ville of Baildon, with the capital 
messuage, and all other appurtenances, without any retention, in pure, 
free and perpetual alms, and quit from all secular exaction and custom : 
And I, for myself and my heirs, have sworn on the Altar of S. Peter 
that I and my heirs will warrant and for ever defend, as pure alms, the 
alms of the said ville, against all men, and I will discharge all forinsec 
service as much as pertains to the said ville of Baildon out of my 
other lands : In witness whereof I have offered this present charter, 
sealed with my seal, upon the Altar of S. Peter : These being witnesses, 
Hamo the Treasurer of York, John the Chancellor, Master John 
Romanus, Peter of the Chapel, Nicholas, Gilbert and Richard, chaplains, 
John de Taueton, clerk, Matthew de Mala palude, Alan his brother, 
David, Richard the Clerk, Elias Pulain, Adam Biscop, AValter de 
Revestiar', William de Tumba, and many others. 

By these two documents Hugh de Lelay parted with the whole of 
his interest in Baildon, so that the estates which he gave to two of 
his children {see ante) must have been granted previously. The first 



1 Cotton. MS. Claudius B. Ill, fo. 63. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 23 

charter, there can be little doubt, refers to the Bingley manor; the 
Otley manor being already held of the Archbishops. Then the second 
charter passed all Hugh's remaining interest, so that the Archbishop 
stepped, as it were, into Hugh's shoes, and became the immediate 
landlord of all Hugh's tenants. Thus those who formerly held of 
Hugh, now held of the Archbishop. 

Now as to the date of these two documents. The name of the 
Archbishop is unfortunately not mentioned, so that our only guide is 
the names of the witnesses. Happily some of these are officials whose 
dates arc pretty well known. Hamo the Treasurer is the first witness 
to each charter; he was Treasurer in 1204 and 121 5, and presumably 
between those dates.^ John the Chancellor, the second witness to 
each charter, filled that office in 1195 and 1199, and is almost 
certainly identical with John de S. Laurence, who was Chancellor in 
1201. Both these witnesses' names appear on a charter of Simon, 
Dean of York, dated 1206. The reference to the soul of his wife 
implies that she was dead, and as she was living in 1208,'' the 
charters must be after that date, while the dates of the various 
witnesses show that it cannot have been much later. We shall 
therefore probably be not far wrong if we assign these two Baildon 
charters to somewhere about the year 12 10. 

In 1332, King Edward III confirmed all grants and concessions 
heretofore by various donors made to the Abbey of Rievaulx. Amongst 
them was the gift which Hugh son of William de Lethelai made of 
that meadow, with the appurtenances, in Baildona, which is near the 
beck {sik€tium\ on the southern side of the said beck.' 

In the absence of witnesses it is impossible to fix the date of 
this grant, even approximately ; all we can safely say is, that it must 
be earlier than the grant to S. Peter's circa 12 10. 

Hugh's wife, as we have already seen, was Christiana, daughter of 
Adam son of Norman of Rimmington and elsewhere in Craven. She 
had a considerable amount of property. Stainburn possibly belonged 
to her, since, in charter No. viii above, Hugh mentions that she con- 
sented to his settling property there on their daughter Isolda. The 
Rimmington property must also have been hers, if, as seems clear, the 
Christiana de Paihorn, whose grant of land in Rimmington Hugh de 
Lelay confirmed, is identical with the Christiana afterwards his wife 
(charter No. xxxviii). She was living in 1208.^ 



» Willis's Survey. ^ AnU, p. 19. 

^ Patent Roll, 6 Edward III, part 2, m. 23. 



24 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

There is some evidence that Hugh survived Christiana and married 
a second wife, named Emma. In an undated charter, No. lxiii, 
by which she confirmed all her husband's gifts to S. Leonard's 
Hospital at York, she calls herself Emma Darrell, late wife of Hugh 
de Lelay; but whether Darrell was her maiden name or that of a 
second husband, there is nothing to show. 

Hugh's children will be seen in the pedigree. 

He seems to have divided up his property among them, to some 
extent in his lifetime. 

Adam, the heir, had Leathley and property at Rigton, Castley, 
Rimmington, Steeton and Hackenby. 

Hugh had property at Burley, Bolton in BowlaHd, Weston, Rigton 
and Castley. 

Roger had property at Leathley and Bramhope. 

William had half Baildon. 

Isolda had half Baildon, Stainburn, and probably property at 
Castley. 

Robert de Lelay, son of William and brother of the last mentioned 
Hugh, was probably younger than Hugh, and like him was a great 
benefactor to religious houses. His charters in the foregoing list are 
Nos. XXII, XXIII, relating to Stainburn ; xxxvii, xxxviii, xxxix, xl, 

XLI, XLII, XLIII, XLVI, XLVII, XLVIII, L, LXIV, LXVIII, and LXIX, 

relating to lands in Farnley (Otley), Bolton-in-Bowland, Ravens- 
berthV Hackenby, Tadcaster, Nun Appleton, and Steeton, given to 
Fountains Abbey, Salley Abbey, S. Peter's, York, and Helaugh Park 
Priory. He nowhere mentions a wife, and there is no record of any 
children. A drawing o( his seal will be found on the pedigree. 

He witnessed his brother Hugh's gift of Weston Church to 
S. Peter's in 1221. (No. xliv.) 

In Easter Term, 1 246, William son of William claimed against W.' 
Archbishop of York six bovates of land in Famelay as his right, 
in which the defendant has no entry save through Robert de Lelay, 
to whom William de Farnelay, the plaintiff's father (whose heir he 
is) demised that land for a term which is ended. The Archbishop 
defended, and said that he did not hold all the said six bovates, 
for Thomas son of Alan holds one and Ralph Kempe holds two. 
Judgment for the defendant; the plaintiff may have another writ.' 



• I cannot identify this place. 
* Walter Gray. J* Assize Roll, No. 1045, m. 33//. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLF.Y OR LELAY. 25 

In 1 25 1, William son of William claimed two and a half acres of land 
in Farley {sic, i.e. Famley) as his right against t^aulin son of Roger, 
in which Paulin had no entry save through Roger le Ryche and 
Robert de Lelay; to whom William son of Serlo (whose son and heir 
is the plaintiff) demised the same for a term of years now ended, 
namely, from year to year at his will. The defendant admitted that 
his entry was through Roger le Ryche his father, and that Roger's 
entry was through Robert de Lelay, but said that Lelay 's entry was 
not through William son of Serlo, but through Richard de Scotton, 
who was enfeoffed of the land by William son of Serlo. The plaintiff 
paid half a mark for an enquiry ; pledge, Robert de Pouele. After- 
wards they agreed that Paulin and his heirs should hold the land of 
William and his heirs, paying twopence a year for all services.* 

Adam de Lelay, the eldest son and heir of Hugh and Christiana, 
was probably born soon after 1180. Very little is recorded of him. 
He did not apparently give any property to the monasteries. No 
doubt he thought that his inheritance had been already sufficiently 
diminished by such gifts. 

He released his claim to half the mill of Rigton to his brother 
Hugh ; charter No. i. He had two sons, Adam and William. 

Adam de Lelay, son and heir of Adam, is mentioned in Dods- 
worth's pedigree. He conveyed the manor of Leathley to Henry 
de Percy, as will be seen from the following charter: — 

I, Adam son and heir of Adam de Lelay, for a certain sum of 
money, have quit-claimed to Sir Henry de Percy all my right in 
Lelay, with its appurtenances, Castelay, with its appurtenances, 
Reminton, with its appurtenances, Stiveton, with its appurtenances, 
and Hageneby, etc.* 

Some legal proceedings long afterwards throw further light on the 
transaction. 

In 1297 Henry de Percy sued the Prior of Helaugh Park to permit 
him to present a parson to a moiety of the church of Leathley. He 
says that Hugh de Letheley held the manor of Leatheley (to which 
the advowson belongs), and presented the last clerk, one Robert, 
who is now dead. Hugh demised to Richard de Loderyngton for 
life, and he assigned his interest to Henry de Percy, the plaintiff's 
father, whose heir is the plaintiff. From Hugh de Letheley the 



• Assize Roll, 1046, 35 ami 36 Henry III, m. 57. 
« Dodsvvorth MS. 74, fo. 2. 



26 THE FAMILY OF LEATHI.EY OR LELAY. 

manor descended to his son and heir, Adam, and then to Adam's 
son and heir, another Adam. This last Adam de Letheley 
released all his right and claim to the said manor to the said 
Henry de Percy, the plaintiff's father, and from him it descended 
to John de Percy as son and heir, and from John, who died without 
issue, to Henry, the plaintiff, as brother and heir. The Prior says 
that Prior Henry, his predecessor, presented the last clerk, whose 
name was Walter. Jury.^ 

As Hugh de Lelay had given the church to Helaugh Park, see 
charter No. lxv, it seems probable that Percy's claim was unsuccessful. 

Adam also confirmed to Kirkstall Abbey all gifts of his ancestors 
in Bramhope (charter lii). 

Nothing is known of any descendants. An Adam de Lethlay, 
chaplain, was fined 6s, Sd. for a trespass done to Agnes wife of 
Robert Stapel at Flasby in 1348,* who may possibly have been a 
grandson. 

William de Lelay, second son of Adam, by an undated charter, 
released all his right in a certain tenement in Leathley to Henry de 
Percy, his Ix)rd.' 

Hugh de Lelay seems to have been the second son of Hugh 
and Christiana, though Dodsworth puts him third. 

His charters are fairly numerous. By No. 11 he grants to Fountains 
Abbey half the mill of Rigton, which his brother Adam released 
to him by charter No. i. Nos. in, iv, v, vi and vii also relate 
to lands at Rigton, the last one being dated 1248. 

No. XXXV is a confirmation charter to Salley Abbey, No. xlv to 
S. Peter's, York. 

In 1225, Hugh son of Hugh de Lelay brought an assize con- 
cerning lands in Burgl' (Burley) against Brian de Insula. It was 
adjourned to the next eyre because Brian was engaged on the 
King's service in the perambulation of the forests.* I have not 
found any further reference to the matter. 

A fine was levied in Trinity Term, 15 Henry III, 1231, between 
Agnes de Huuerholm, plaintiff, and Hugh de Leleg', whom Richard 
de Bothilton vouched to warranty, touching four bovates and forty 



^De Banco, Hil. 24 Edward I, No. 113, m. 117; idt'd. East. Edward I, No. 114, 
m. 844/. 

^ Coram Rege, Mich. 22 Edward III, Fine Roll 7. 

•^ Dodsworth MS. 74, fo. 3. 

* Close Roll, 9 Henry III, m. lOr/. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 2^ 

acres of land in Bothilton ;* and between Agnes, plaintiff, and Hugh, 
whom Henry de Blackburn vouched to warranty, touching eight 
acres of land in Bothilton; and between Agnes, plaintiff, and Hugh, 
whom William fiL Richard vouched to warranty, touching two acres 
of land in Bothilton ; and between Agnes, plaintiff,' and Hugh, whom 
Richard de Bothilton vouched to warranty, touching seven acres of 
land in Bothilton ; all which lands Agnes first claimed against 
Stephen, Abbat of Salleg'. Alice for herself and her heirs releases 
to Hugh, and to Richard, Henry and William, and their heirs, and 
to the Abbat and his successors, for which Hugh gave her five 
marks of silver.^ 

In Easter Term, 30 Henry HI, 1246, Hugh de Lelay complained 
that Jeremiah le Maunsel had unjustly obstructed a certain road in 
Burghelay thereby damaging Hugh's free tenement in Weston. The 
jury found that the obstruction had been made unjustly and without 
a judgment of any court, and that Hugh's property was damaged 
to the amount of half a mark. The obstruction was to be removed.' 

At the same assize the Prioress of (Nun) Appleton sued Hugh de 
Lelay to exonerate her from the services which Richard de Lutrington 
required from her for the free tenement, viz.: — ^a carucate of land, 
which she holds of Hugh in Castelay in frank-almoign. Hugh is 
bound to acquit her of all service, whereas Richard has distrained 
for scutage, suit of court, and other services. She claims j£s 
damages. Hugh admits the truth of all this, and agrees to judgment : 
damages, twenty shillings; pledge, Alan de C^sterton.* 

At the same assize Richard de Benteley claimed against Hugh 
de Lelay ten tofts and three bovates of land (less one acre) in 
Luterington, of which Cecily de Luterington (whose kinsman and 
heir Richard is) was seised in demesne the day that she died. 
Hugh vouched to warranty Richard de Luterington, who warranted to 
him and vouched to warranty Master Robert the Treasurer of York, 
but was not able to show why he should warrant. License of concord.^ 

Hugh seems to have sold his Weston property to Robert de 
Stopham sometime before 1249, ^^^ ^^^^^ '246 (see above). 

^ Bolton-in-Bowland. 

2 Feet of Fines, York, 15 Henry III, No. 20. 

» Assize Roll, No. 1045, m. 2. 

* /did. m. 6t/. 

^ Ibid. m. 28. 



28 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

In 1 249-50, the keepers of the Jews' chest at York are commanded 
to take out of it a charter of Hugh de Lelay, which is there as 
a pledge to the Jews, the security being lands in Weston, which 
Robert de Stopham has bought from Hugh. They are to deliver 
up the said charter to the bearer of these letters on behalf of 
Stopham.* 

Hugh appears to have married a widow with a daughter. 

In 1247 Hugh de Lelay and Anna his wife were summoned to 
answer Richard le Maunsel, who claimed that they should hold to an 
agreement made between them concerning the manor of Methelegh, 
with the appurtenances. Richard says that they agreed to give him 
the said manor with Anna, daughter of the said Anna, in [frank] 
marriage, and now refuse to do so. Hugh and Anna came, and the 
matter was adjourned to Hilary Term." 

There is no positive evidence that this Hugh de Lelay had 
any sons. Charter No. li suggests that he may have had a son 
Hugh, but it is not very clear, and if so, Hugh the son must have 
died young. At any rate, nothing further is known about him. 
Hugh seems to have had two daughters, Margery and Alice, both 
of whom had some property at Leathley, but what or how does 
not appear. The former, Margery, married William son of Jordan 
de Lelay, and Alice married William Saracen of York; see charters 
Nos. LX and Lxi, the latter of which is dated 1258. 

Of William Saracen and his wife I know nothing further, nor 
can I say who William son of Jordan de Lelay may have been, 
unless as has been previously suggested, he was a grandson of the 
first William de Lelaiy (an fe p. 17). He and his brother Walter are 
mentioned in 1278.* A William son of Jordan de Letheley was 
living in 1329,^ but this must be a different person. Walter de 
Leathley above-mentioned, brother of William, was probably settled 
at Carlton near Otley. By a charter, apparently granted in the last 
quarter of the thirteenth century, Rametta daughter of Walter de 
Laleye of Karletun, gives to S. Leonard's Hospital, York, an acre of 
meadow in the territory of Bramhope, which she had by the gift 
of Ralph her brother." 



1 Close Roll, 34 Henry III, m. 8. 

2 Assize Roll, No. 81, m. ii (13). 
8 Assize Roll, N-1-4, 3, m. 56. 

*Dc Banco, Mich. 3 Edward III, m. 107. 
sRawlinson MSS., Bodleian, B 455, fo. 5^/. 



THE FAMILY OF LFATHI.EY OR LELAY. 29 

Roger de Lelay, son of Hugh and Christiana, was probably the 
third son, though Dodsworth puts him in the second place. 

He gave land at Bramhope^ to Kirkstall Abbey (charter li), 
and half the mills of Leathley to S. Leonard's Hospital, York 
(charter lviii). 

This last gift was confirmed by Agnes his widow, in 42 Henry HI, 
1257-8 (charter lix). 

William de Lelay, the fourth son of Hugh and Christiana, is 
mentioned in Dodsworth's pedigree, where it is stated hahiiit terras 
in Baildon. The following deed, copied by Roger Dodsworth from 
the evidences of Sir Edward Plumpton on the 27th of February, 1633, 
relates to this property: — 

Willelmus filius Hugonis de Lelay dedit Nigello de Plumptone et 
heredibus suis firmacionem stagni de molendino suo de Hidle in 
terra mea de Baildona, reddendo xij denarios annuatim, etc. Testibus, 
Nigello filio Radulfi de Stokeld, Hugone filio Ypoliti, Roberto de 
Plumpton. Carta 27.^ 

Translation, 

I, William son of Hugh de Lelay, have given permission to Nigel 
de Plumpton and his heirs to fix the dam of his mill of Idle on 
my land of Baildon, paying 1 2d, yearly. 

Dodsworth added in a marginal note that Hugh son of Hippolite 
was living in the fifth year of Richard I, 11 93-4, and in the eighth 
year of John, 1206-7. Nigel de Plumpton died either in 12 13 or 
1 2 14. The date of the deed is therefore before 12 14, but probably 
not much earlier.' 

It is nowhere stated what these lands were, but from later evidence 
it seems clear that he had two carucates at Baildon, being the other 
moiety, one having been given to his sister Isolda (ante^ p. 20). The 
deed of gift to William from his father has not been preserved, so 
so far as I am aware. 

William occurs as a witness to his father's grant in frank-marriage 
to Isolda, his (William's) sister (No. viii, ante\ which seems to be 
the only time that his name is mentioned in these charters. In 1226 



* Sec Thoresby Society, Miscellanea^ ix, p. 234, for some notes as to his Bramhope 
property. 

aEKjdsworth MS., No. 148, fo. 19*. 

^ This charter mav perhaps refer to the earlier William son of Hugh ; it is almost 
impossible to decide with so few names of witnesses. Dodsworth, however, 
attributes it to the later William, as 1 have done in the text, and the subsequent 
history of the Baildon property seems almost imperative that it should be so. 



30 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

he acted as attorney for Eva de Swillington in a fine relating to 
land in Stainburn (see post). This is all the information I can give 
about him, except that, according to Dodsworth's pedigree, he 
married, and had a son, also named William. 

Hugh de Lelay, son of the first William de Lelay, had one 
daughter, named Isolda, to whom he gave half the ville of Baildon, 
and other property. The grant has already been set out, and it 
will be more convenient to postpone any account of her for the 
moment. 

There still remains one person who must be mentioned, — a 
somewhat mysterious person, whose exact relationship to the Lelays 
is very obscure. I refer to the lady who describes herself indifferently 
as Eva daughter of William the Palmer {paimartus) of Swillington, 
Eva daughter of William de Swillington, or Eva de Lelay. 

Her parentage seems clear ; she was the daughter of one William, 
probably one of the Swillingtons of Swillington near Leeds, who, 
having made some pilgrimage, was designated "the Palmer." She 
acquired land in Stainburn from William son of William the Clerk 
of Stainburn (charters xxvi and xxvii), and is probably the Eva 
mentioned in charter ix as having a house there. This property 
she granted to Fountains Abbey by charters xxviii and xxix ; 
in the former she is described as Eva daughter of William le Palmer 
of Swillington, in the latter as Eva de Lelay. She is there stated 
to convey in her lawful power, in Ugitima potestate^ a term generally 
used in conveyances by widows, the reason being that a married 
woman could not dispose of her own property vnthout her husband's 
consent. It would seem, then, that she married a I^lay, who was 
dead at the date of this second grant In the Fountains Abbey 
Chartulary after the first of these two deeds. No. xxviii, is copied 
a note of a fine levied in 1226, which is as follows: — 

In Michaelmas Term, 11 Henry III, 1226, a fine was levied 
between Eva de Swillington, plaintiff, by William de Lelay put in her 
place to win or lose, and John, Abbat of Fountains, defendant, 
touching four bovates and five acres three roods of land in 
Stainburn. Eva quit-claims for herself and her heirs all her right 
in the said land to the Abbat and his successors for ever, for 
which he gave her three marks of silver.* 



* Feet of Fines, York, ii Henry III, No. 203. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEV OR LELAY. 3 1 

If we may take the order of these documents as a guide, 
charter xxviii was before Michaelmas, 1226, and charter xxix 
was after that date. Now in this fine it will be noticed that Eva 
de Swillington, as she is there called, appears by William de Lelay, 
her attorney. I think he must have been her husband, notwith- 
standing the fact that she still uses her maiden name. In the next 
deed she calls herself " de Lelay," and uses words consistent with 
her being a widow; so that William, if my surmise is right, must 
have died soon after 1226. 

Eva's grant to Fountains was confirmed by William son of Ralph 
(charter xxx). One of her grants to Fountains is in the possession 
of Mr. F. H. Fawkes of Famley ; she grants the land, together with 
her body to be buried at Fountains. Witnesses, Nigel de Plumpton, 
Hugh de Suinbngton,* William de Lelai (who may have been her 
husband's son of that name), Henry de Castelleia, Simon de Pouele 
(Pool), and others. The seal is still remaining, and bears three 
flowers or branches, probably palm, as a canting device or rebus, 
with the legend + sigill : eve : filie : wilelmi. 

It may here be noted that an Eva widow of John sued Hugh 
de Baildon for dower in a carucate of land in Castley in 1206-7. 
The Lelays had property in Castley (see charters xxxiii, lxvii and 

LXX. 

We must now return to Isolda, who, so far as is known, was the 
only daughter of Hugh and Christiana. She was twice married, first 
to Roger Pictavensis or Poitevin, and secondly to Adam de Nereford. 
She left issue by both husbands. The first marriage must have 
taken place before her father's grant of Baildon to S. Peter's, that is, 
before circa 1210. She would then be about twenty years of age. 
Her father's gifts to her of two carucates in Baildon and the ville of 
Stainbum have already been set out {ante^ p. 20, and charter No. viii). 
Soon after her first marriage, and presumably before the death of her 
first husband \cir, 1224], we find Isolda making a purchase of land 
on her own account. 

Henry de Castellay has sold and confirmed to Isolda, wife of 
Roger Pictavensis, and her heirs, a bovate of land in Castellay, 
viz.: — that which Robert son of Huckeman* held, lying between my 



* WiUiam son of Hugh dc Swillington, who was contemporary with Eva, and 
may well have been ber father, had a son Hugh, living in 1257. See pedigree, 
Poateftact Chartulary, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record Series, vol. xxv, 
p. 276. 

• Of Plumpton. 



32 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEV OR LELAY. 

demesne and the land of Hemery de Castellay, for 3^ marks of 
silver, to hold of me and my heirs freely and quit of all services, 
save the forinsec service due from one bovate where eight carucates 
make a knight's fee. Witnesses: Ralph de Bramhop, Serlo de 
Pouele, Geoffrey de Ardyngton, Malger Vavasor, Hugh de Tohuse, 
Hugh de Creskelde, Hemery de Castellay, Nigel de Castellay, 
William de Castelley.' 

Presumably about the same time, Roger purchased some land in 
Stainbum, no doubt in order to improve his wife's property there. 
As the charter is unprinted and in private hands, and moreover 
contains an interesting note of one of the early Baildons, it is here 
transcribed in full : — 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego, Willelmus filius Willelmi, 

vendidi et quietum clamavi de me et de heredibus meis Rogero 

Pictaviensi et heredibus suis totum tenementum quod Ricardus filius 

Thor* de me tenuit in Stainburne, et totum servicium suum, et totam 

firmam eiusdem tenementi, sine retinemento; Et sciendum est quod 

idem Ricardus tenuerat de me unam bovatam terre cum omnibus 

pertinenciis suis. Et ego, Willelmus, et heredes mei gwarantizabimus 

prefatam vendicionem et quietam clamationem eidem Rogero Pictaviensi 

et heredibus suis pro duabus marcis argenti, quas idem Rogerus michi 

dedit in curia Hugonis de Baildon. Hiis testibus: Willelmo de Leley, 

Hugone filio eius, Serlone de Pouele, GefTrido Mansel, Hugone de 

Wieton, Hugone de Casteley, Henrico filio Holdewin', Henrico de 

Casteley, Alexandro fratre eius, Helia de Stainburn, Haimerico de 

Casteley, Nigello fratre eius, Normanno Clerico, et multis aliis.' 

Seal lost. 

Translation, 

Know present and to come that I, William son of William, have 
sold and quit-claimed, from me and my heirs to Roger Poitevin and 
his heirs, all that tenement which Richard son of Thor held of me 
in Stainburn, and all his service, and all the rent of the same tene- 
ment, without any reservation ; and be it known that the same 

1 Register of Fountains Abbey; Cotton. MS., Tiberius, C. xii, fo. 268. 

* The grantor of this charter is described as Willelmus cUricus cU Siainbunu^ 
filius WiUelmi filii Thore de Ottelai in the Fountains Abbey Register (Cotton. MS., 
Tiberius, C. xii, fo. 26gd). This Richard son of Thor was perhaps his uncle. 

3 MSS. of F. H. Fawkes, of Farnley, Esq. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 33 

Richard held of me one bovate of land with all its appurtenances. 
And I, William, and my heirs will warrant the said sale and quit- 
claim to the same Roger Poitevin and his heirs for two marks of 
silver, which Roger gave me in the court of Hugh de Baildon. 
These being witnesses, etc. 

Roger Poitevin appears to have died about 1224; at any rate, his 
widow was married again in 1225. During the period of her widow- 
hood she, by an undated charter, gave the ville of Stainbum, 
containing five carucates, to Fountains Abbey.* This grant was 
confirmed by Hugh son of William de Lelay, her father, and by 
Roger Poitevin, her grandson.' 

The confirmation of the grant by the donor's father was rendered 
necessary by the fact that Isolda's tenancy was in frank-marriage. 
By this tenure the land was given to the donee and her husband 
and the heirs of their two bodies, free from all manner of service to 
the donor or his heirs until the fourth degree of consanguinity from 
the donor was passed, the oath of fealty only excepted.' But on 
failure of the heirs of the marriage, the property reverted to the 
donor or his heirs. 

Isolda's second husband was one Adam de Nereford, and she 
was married to him sometime before Martinmas, 1225. 

1225, Martinmas. Fine between Adam de Nerford and Isolda 
his wife, plaintiffs, and William . de Coleby, deforciant, of one third of 
half a canicate of land in Scardingwell, which Isolda claims as dower 
of the inheritance of Roger Pictavensis, her late husband ; Adam and 
Iv)lda release all their claim to William and his heirs, for which he 
gives them four marks of silver.^ 

Roger Poitevin and Isolda had two children, Thomas, and 
Hawisia, who married Robert de Stopham. 

Thomas Poitevin seems to have been the only son of his 
parents; he was probably born not later than 12 13, as he appears to 
have been of age in 1234, when he commenced the litigation 
respecting his property.' Indeed it was no doubt on his coming of 
age that the various disputes first arose. 

* No. XI, anU. 

« No«. xii, XIII, XIV, and xv, ante. 

* Goodcvc, Modem Law of Real Property, 

* Feet of Fines, Yorkshire, 10 Henry III, No. 39. 

' He and his son Roger had numerous lawsuits, but the greater part of them do 
nm roncem the subject of this paper. 

C 



34 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

In 1234 he settled a dispute relating to some property in Castley, 
possibly given him by his mother, by the following fine : — 

1234, December. Fine between Thomas Pictavensis, plaintiff, and 
Hugh de Montealto, deforciant, of half a mill in Castellay. Hugh 
admits the property to be the right of Thomas, and Thomas grants 
it to Hugh and his heirs, to hold of Thomas and his heirs for ever, 
paying Ss. 4^. yearly for all service.' 

In 1235 Thomas Poitevin, Isolda's son by her first marriage, 
granted his Baildon property to Isolda and Adam de Nereford, her 
second husband, by the following fine: — 

This is the final concord made in the King's Court at York on 
the Friday next after the feast of S. Hilary, 19 Henry III [1235], 
Between Thomas Poitevin [JRictavensis], demandant, and Adam de 
Nereford and Isolda his wife, tenants, by William Malebisse, put in 
the place of Isolda to win or lose, concerning half the Manor of 
Beylden with the appurtenances, whereof an assize of mart d*ancestor 
was summoned between them in the same Court, To wit, that Adam 
and Isolda admit that all the said half with the appurtenances is the 
right of Thomas, And for this admission, fine and concord, the said 
Thomas has granted the said half [Manor] with the appurtenances 
to Adam and Isolda, To have and to hold to them, as they previously 
held it, for all the life of the said Isolda, And moreover Thomas has 
granted for himself and his heirs the said half [Manor] with the 
appurtenances, after the death of Isolda, to Hugh de Nereford, eldest 
son of Adam and Isolda, and to the heirs of his body, of him and 
his wife married to him begotten, for ever. To have and to hold to 
Hugh and the heirs of his body, of him and his wife married to him 
begotten, of the said Thomas and his heirs for ever, doing therefore 
forinsec service, as much as belongs to that half [Manor], for all 
service and exaction, So nevertheless that if the said Hugh shall die 
without heir of his body and of his wife married to him begotten, 
then all the said half [Manor], with the appurtenances, shall revert 
to Thomas and his heirs, quit from other heirs of the said Hugh for 
ever.^ 

This document has a further interest, inasmuch as it is the first 
notice of Baildon as a "manor." 

Thomas Poitevin was dead in 1251, leaving two sons, Roger and 
Robert' We have no clue to his wife. 



* Feet of Fines, Yorkshire, 19 Hen. Ill, No. 10. 
2 Feet of Fines, Yorkshire, 16-19 Hen. HI, No. 130. 
•' Herald and Goua'ogist^ v, 238. 



THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 35 

Roger Poitevin, son of Thomas, appears to have been bom 
about 1230. He seems to have been an extravagant and somewhat 
turbulent character. Almost the earliest dated notices we have of 
him show him to be in difficulties. In 1259 he had mortgaged the 
manor of Towton for ;^2oo, and in 127 1 he had to borrow money 
from his aunt, Hawisia de Stopham, to buy a horse. He took the 
ade of the Barons in their war with Henry HI, and his property 
suffered in consequence. In 1276 he was in prison in Corfe Castle. 

In 1269 there was a serious riot in consequence of an attempt 
to levy some Royal dues on Roger's land at Saxton and Towton. 
The King's Bailiff was assaulted and wounded, and finally carried off 
to Pontefract Castle, where he was kept in prison.* 

He probably came of age in 1250 or 1251, when he took up his 
father's career of litigation. 

1 25 1, Michaelmas. Roger le Peytefin claimed against Hugh 
Byset a rent of 3/. per annum in Syntehal [Snydall], in which Hugh 
has no entry except through Adam de Neyrford and Isolda his wife, 
to whom Thomas le Peytefin (whose son 'and heir the plaintiff is) 
leased the same for a term of years which has now expired. The 
defendant vouched Adam de Neyrford to warrant, and he did 
warrant Jury.' 

One of his first acts was to try to upset some of the pious 
gifts of his ancestors to monastic and charitable foundations. 

1 25 1, Michaelmas. Roger le Peytevyn gave 20s. for a license of 
concord with the Abbat of Fountains in a plea touching the manor 
of Staynbum.' 

Roger le Peytevin, who brought an assize of novel disseisin 
against the Master of S. Leonard's Hospital, York, touching a 
tenement and common of pasture in Saxton, withdrew. He and 
his pledges, William le Peytevin of Haling* [«V] and Roger the 
Clerk of Saxton, are amerced." 

The attempt to oust the monks of Fountains from the property 
in Stainbum, which his grandmother had given them, evidently 
bailed ; accordingly we find Roger facing the situation and confirming, 
with what grace he could, the gift which he was unable to upset. 

* Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record Series, xii, p. 109. 
^ AsBze Roll, 1046, 35 and 36 Heii. Ill, m. 37. 

* /M., m. 30/. 

* Hcadingley. 

'^ Assize Roll, 1046, m. 46^/. 



36 THE FAMILY OF LEATHLEY OR LELAY. 

Circa 1251. Roger Poictevin grants and quit-claims to Fountains 
Abbey all the right and claim which he or his ancestors have or 
ever had in the manor of Staynburn, with the appurtenances, etc., 
as contained in the charter of Isouda, his grandmother, which charter 
they have. Witnesses: William, Abbat of Melsa, William de la 
Launde, William de Legherton, Robert the Constable, William de 
Thoresby, Robert de Nunnewyc, and others. Seal lost.* . 

The attempt on S. Leonard's Hospital failed, as that on Fountains 
had done, and Roger again confirmed what he was unable to gainsay. 

Roger son of Thomas Peytevin confirms all the gifts of Roger 
and Thomas Peytevin, his ancestors, to S. Leonard's Hospital, York, 
in Saxton and Woodhouse. Dated 15 Kal. July, 1260.^ 

I am not aware that either Roger or his brother Robert left any 
issue, but if they did, they had ceased to have any interest in Lelay 
property, and we need not pursue them further. 

Isolda, by her second husband, left a son, Hugh de Nereford, 
(see the Fine of 1235). His son, Adam de Nereford the second, 
as already stated, sold his Baildon property to John de Stapleton 
in 1316. 

The surname of Leathley is not yet extinct, but, so far as I am 
aware, there is nothing to show the connection of the later Leathleys 
with the earlier generations of this interesting Yorkshire family. They 
may possibly have descended from some of the younger sons I have 
mentioned. 

One Thomas de Leathley was Constable of Skipton Castle, circa 
temp, Edward I,' and a John Leathley was Sheriff of the City of 
York in 1468.-* 

I have not found any evidence as to the Leathley arms. 



* Original pmes F. H. Fawkes, Esq. See charters Nos. xii and xiii. 

2 Harleian MS. 795, fo. 53. 

^ Whitaker's Craven^ 417. * Drake's Eboracum^ 363. 



XTeetamenta ILeobtensia, 

{Continued from Vol. IX.,/. 277.) 
Extracted from the Probate Registry at York. 



Robert Hall, of Leventhorpe. 

(x. 32 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xij'** dale of Octo^r, the yere of 
our lorde God mi' fyv hundreth xxix. I Robert Hall, of Lenthorp, 
within the pishe of S\vyllyngton, in the countie of York, yoman, 
hoole of mynd and goode remembrance, make thys my last will 
after thys mann^ foloyng. First I bequeth my soule to God 
Almyghtie, and to o' lady saynt Mary, and to all the holy company 
of hevyn, and my body to be beryed w'in oure lady where in 
Swyllyngton churche in the northsyde, and my best beest to be my 
mortuarie, if I haue any at the day of my deptyng, if no I bequeath xx* 
in the name of my mortuarie. Also I bequeith to the byeng of a sute 
of vestimentf xiij« iiij*'. Itm I bequeith to Gerge Hall my sonne 
yjJ* xiij» iiij**. Also I bequeith to Robert Hall my sonne vj** xiij* iiij<*. 
Also all the residew of my goodf not bequeathed I will that Willia Hall 
mjm eldest sonne and heir, George Hall and Robert Hall my foresaid 
sooes, be my full executors, to order and dispose all my goodf as they 
tbynk best for health of my soule and all goode cristen soules. In 
wytnes whereof to thys my will I haue sett my seall. Thes ber)mg 
wytnes, S[ir] Willii Bromhede, pishe preist, S[ir] John Shan, Robert 
Hcmysworth, John Lytster, w^^ othir. — \Praved 15 Aprils 'SS''] 



Richard Heptonstall, of Featherstone. 

(X. 46 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : liij day of Decemfer, in the yere of o' lord God 
Mkxcccxxxj. I Rychard Heptonstall, of hole mynd and seke of body, 

makf this my testament my body to be buryed within the 

churche yerd of Alhallowes at Fetherston. In pmis, I giff to the hye 
alter \f. And also I will that myn executors cause v messes to be sayd 
for me at my pishe kyrk. Also I giff to the kirk to the byeng of one 
Antephon xij**. Also I gyff to my sonne Charily x*. Also to my 
sonne in law John Walthew a kow. To Willia Vycars x*. And to my 
sonne John x". Residew of my goodf, my dettf payd and fun'all 
expens made, I giff and bequeith to Margrett my wiff and Robert my 



38 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

Sonne, the whome I make and ordeyn myn executors, that they dispose 
for my soull as I haue putt y'me in trust. Thes beyng witnes, S [ir] 
Edward Wormall vicar, Rofct Schelyto, Willia Eu^yngham, John 
Grenewod, w' oy^ moo as John,Walt^, Hewe. — \^Pro7Jed 23 May^ 1531-] 



John Walker, of Calverley. 

(x.49b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxvij*** day of Auguste, in the 
yeire of o' Lord God a thousand v hundrethe and xxvij. I John Walkar, 

of Farslay, holle of mynd and remebrace, make my testament my 

body to be beryed in chyrche or chyrchyerd of Calu^lay. Also I 
bequeth to the hye auter for tethis forgotten or negligently payd xx<^. 
Also to bye auter clothis for the chirche of Calu^ay aforesaid vj* viij^. 
Also I bequethe to Agnes baylay doght' of Wyllyam baylay viij^S of the 
wiche vj*» xiij» iiij<* restf in the handf of Wyttm baylay, of the wich 
vj*» xiij* iiij<* Rychard baylay his son ys furth for iiij markf , borowyd of 
Thomas Alabryge, and xxvj* viij^ of y* same viij** rest(> in the hande of 
Thomas Holyngf . Also to the said Agnes a great Awmbery in the 
howse, an arke in the ou' chambre, a lowe meyle cheste in the seller, 
and half the house w* apertenawnce in pudsay, wher George Lepton 
dwellyth, rent vj* viij<*. Also to Janet Hall xl% or els the valo' in 
howshold stufFe. Also I bequeth to John Baylay a cownt^ a langsettyll, 
ij stone troghis, and a greate tubbe in the lath. All this howsholde 
stuffe to be delyu^ed aJter the decease of Margaret my wyffe. The 
residew of my guddf not bequethid I give to Margaret my wife, 
Christofer Bayly, and Thomas Bayly, psts, whom, with my brother 
RoBt Walkar, and he to have for his labor v", I make my hoU executors 
of this my last wyll, and to ordre and dispose my guddf not 
afore bequethed as they shall thynke best and most conenyent for the 
helth of my sowll, so that they pay accordynge to my wyll, iij" iiij<* to 
some anomament for the chirche of Kirkstall abbey; yevyn the day 
and yere above wrytyn, thes beyng wjrtnesse, RoBt Belhowse, Sir 
Thomas Bayly, Thomas Alabrige, Richard Sharpe, and Wyttm Kytson, 
with other dyuerse. — [Proved 29 May^ iSS'-] 



Charles Hedon, of Harewood. 

(x. 58.) 

In the name of God Amen : the yere of o"^ Lord God a thousand 
fyve hundreth xxix, the x'^ day of November. 1 Charls Hedon, of a 
hooU mynd and sane and not seik in body, makith this my testament 
and my last will in this man^ folowing. First, I givest my saull to 
Almyghty God and o' Lady Sancte Marie, and to all the sanctf of 
hevyn, and my body to be buried in Harwod Kirk or Kirkyard, or els 
where it pleasse Almyghty God. Also I bequest my best beest in the 
name of mortuarie. Also I bequeste to the hee auter for offering^ and 
tethis forgotteyn xx^. Also I bequest to the Kirkwarkf of Harwood 
vj' viij**, and thai maik a rudloft w4n the space of iij yeres after my 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 39 

departing, I shall gyve them to the said Roodlofte xx^ Also I will 
gyve to Sanct Robert(> xx^. Also I bequest to the iiij orders of freres 
of York, eu^y bowse ij". Also I bequest to the monastery of bolton in 
chanons vj* viij**, to the Conuent their, to haue oon obit, and to my 
lord the por a hamblyng nage or xx^ Also I bequest to the monastene 
of Kirkstall vj* viij**. Also I bequest to the ladys of Appylton iij^ 
iiij<*. To the beid bowse of Ryther v". To the chauntre preistf of 
Harwod, eu^y one of them xij^. To viij honest p^sons to here me to 
tiie Kirk, eu^y one of them iiij**. Also I will have a honest preist to 
syng for me a hoile yere, and he shall have iiij^*. Also I will gyve and 
bequest to my maister Harrie Ryther my best hors or meir, and all my 
harnes, to be gud maister to my wyflf and my childer. Also I bequest 
to Elynore Beynkf xl*. Also I bequest all my Raymet to be deuided 
eaenly to RiC Hedon and Herre Hedon, my sonys, and to Wittm 
levet Also I bequest to eu^y bowse holder s^unt man and woman that 
is w* me the day of my deth, eu^y one of them ij*. To Sir John levet, 
my sone in law, a colt or a fele. To Sir Rofet Holder a hawmling stage, 
or els XX*. To the causie from Cukscuyll* to the more wardf vj* viij*^. 
To John Shadlok my wood knyff. To my godchilder, vnmaried man 
and woman, eu^y one of thame, xij**. Also I will that Richard my sone 
haue my int^est and leese of Stokowfeld. And also I will that Herre 
my Sonne haue my int^est and leez of a hows in Shadwell, w^ leis more, 
dosse, and stokyng. Also my wyflf to have custodie and Rule of them 
during the noneage of my childer, if she keep hir unmaried. Also I 
ordan and make my executors, my wyfT Elsabeth Hedon, and Richard 
Hedon my sone, and Herre Hedon and Robert Mawe, theis for to 
dyspose for my soull at the day of my berying. The Residew of my 
guddf I brought furth, I will that Elsabeth my wyflf, and Richard my 
sone, Herre my sone, and Margaret my doghter, thay to haue all the 
Residew of my guddf, my dettf [paid], and Robert Maw to haue xx* 
for his labor. Also I make my surviors maister Wittm Bapthorp, 
Esqwyer, and S[ir] John levet, preiste, to se my will p^formed, and 
maister bapthorp to haue a horse for his labo', or xxvj* viij** money, 
and Sir John levett to haue a fiir of fox putez for his labor p^ me, 
Charllf Hedon. Witnes herof, John Tolby and Umfray Maw.— [Proved 
29 May, 1 53 1.] 



John Smyth, of Ledstone. 

(X. 61.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : sexto die Aprilis anno Domini millesimo 
quingentessimo Trigesimo primo. Ego Johannes Smyth, agricola, de 

Ledston, infra parochiam de Kepax, compos mentis corpus que 

meum sepeliendum in Cimiterio ecclesie beate Marie de Kepax. Item 
lego summo altari eiusdem ecclesie pro oblacionibus et decimis oblitis 
X*. Item lego Johanni Fenteman et fillijs suis xiij* iiij**. Item lego 
Alicie Fentiman \'f viij**. Item lego Johanni EUwek vj* viij<*. Item 
lego servicio beate Marie in Ecclesia predicta vj" viij**. Item lego 
\Villelmo Pygott vnam vaccam vnum porcum. Residuum vero omnium 



40 TESTAMEMTA LEODIENSIA. 

bononim meorum non legatorum, debitis meis solutis, do et lego 
Georgio Smyth filio meo et ilium ordino et facio meum executorem, 
ut disponat pro salute anime mee ut sibi inde melius videbitur. 
Datum apud Ledeston die et anno ut supra. Hiis testibus, Rychardo 
Layke, Johanne Caupland, et multis alijs. — [Proved 14 June^ 1531-] 



John Wilkynson, of Featherstone. 

(x.65b.) 

In Dei noTi Amen : vij day of May, in the yere of o*" Lord 
God M'cccccxxxj. I John Wilkynson, seik of body and hoill mynd, 

makf this my testament my bodie to be beried w'in the Kirk 

garth of All hallowis at Fetherstone. Also I gyff and bequeath to the 
hye awter for tethis forgotten iij". And also I will y' myn executors 
cause one trentall of messe5 to be said for me at my pishe Kirk. 
Also I bequeaith to Agnes my doghter on acre of wheat at the farsyde 
of langlandf, and one acre of beane5 at the scotfold, and also on bay 
fylle. Also I bequeath to my son John one acre of wheat and a nother 
of Beane3, lying next the other ij acres aforsaid, also one Reid Whye 
calf, and this besydf ther partf . Also I bequeath and gyff to my v 
youngyst childer besyd ther partf eu^ one of thame one qwy. Also I 
gyflf and bequeath to o"^ Lady sluice vj^ viij<*. Also I gyff and bequeath 
to my sone Robert, and Elsabeth my doghtir, one gray feille and one 
blak, besyd ther partf. The Residew of my guddf, my dettf paid, and 
funerall expens maid, I gyff and bequeith to Jane my wyfT, and Wittm 
and Thomas my sonys, the whome I maik my trew executorf, that 
they dispose for my saull, as I have putt thame in trust. Moreover I 
bequeith to the Couent of the howse of Sanct Johis eungelist at 
Poumfret vj* viiij*^. Also I bequieth to my lord por of Sanct Johis 
howse of Poumfret vj^ viij*^. And makf and ordans his lordship, 
Thomas Wilkynson, John lee, Richard lee, Thomas Schelyto and 
Myles Cartar sup^visorf of my will, and I desyre my forsaid 
lord to be gud lord to my wyflf and my childer, and y*- 
thes my sup^visors se order a emong theym, if ther be any 
dyssencion or troobill. Also I will that my wyff, and Wittm and 
Thomas my sonys, and all other my childer, as long as yai can agre, and 
y* my wyff kepis her vnmaried, that thay occupy by the licence of my 
lord my farmehold unto the yeres be comyn uppe. Thes beyng witnes, 
S[ir] Edward Wormall, the vicar of the same, Thomas Wilkynson, 
Thomas Schelyto, Wittm Eu^ynggam, w* other. — \Proved by Joan^wifey 
and W*" and Thomas^ sons, 30 /ufy, 1531.] 



William Smyth, of Harewood. 

(x. 66 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : I Wittm Smyth, of the pishirg of 
Harwod, hooUe of mynd and memory, visited w* seiknes, makf this my 

last will my body to be beried w^in the chirch yeard of 

Alhallowes of Harwod. Also I gyff unto S[ir] Wittm Preston v^ for 



TESTAMENTA LKODIENSIA. 4^ 

sayng certayn messe3 before the Rood of Harwod. Also I gyve unto 
my eldest son on balchen of defence and a Jak. Itm to the Freers of 
Sanct Robert ii« Item to the howse off Crystall ij«. Item to the iiij 
orders of freers ij* viij**. The Residew of all my guddf I gyff, my 
dettf paid, unto my wyff and my children. Also I maik Wittm Smyth 
and Isabell Smyth my trew executors for to dyspose my guddf for the 
helth of my soole, as thay thynk best. Thes witnes, Wittm Smyth, 
VVittm Preston, Xpofer Hyrde, Richard Aley de Brandone of the hill, 
Richard Smyth of Keiswik, w' other moo. Maid the xxj of July the 
yere of o*" Lord God a mcccccxxxj. — [Proved 3 August, 1531.] 



John Brere, of Gomersal. 

' (X. 68 b.) 

In Dei ndie Amen ; the yere of o"" Lord God m^cccccxxxj, the v**^ 
day of the moneth of August. I John Brere, of Gom^sall, of hooll 

mynd my body to be beried in the pish church of bristall, of 

the hoilly appostels Petir and Paule, and my mortuary after the forme 
of the law. And I gyve to the hye auter of bristall for tythis and 
offerandf forgottyn iiij*. Also I gyve to Margaret HoUyngf ij stottf of 
ij yeres of age. And I gyff to my sunt Margarctt brere iiij noblys. 
Arid I gyve to Robert brere a qwy stirk of one yere old and a fressyd 
Jakit. And I gyff to litill John brere, my godson, a gymmar hog, 
and I gyve to Wittm brere a nother gymm^ hog, and 
to Ellyn broke ij gymm^ hoggf . Also I gyff to John Void xij**, and 
to Jane hir syster xij^. More over I wilbe brgught furth of my 
guddf hool togeder, and all my dettf cotent and paid. The Residew 
of my guddf that remaynes nather gyffen nor bequeathid I gyff Randall 
my son holly, whome I maik my executor after my decease, and to 
disposse for my saull he thynk f the best. And os for Cuthbert my 
son, he hais had his part and* more, and ther for he shall haue noe 
pennyworth of my guddf except y* my son Randall will gyff to hym 
anything of his ffre will. Recording the same, thes men, Jamez byrtbe, 
Richard Taylyer, Ric Speyght, and thomas, that this my last wilbe 
fulfilled, writyn the yere and day afor said. — [Proved 26 August, 1531.] 



William Hewett, of Ledsham. 

(x. 74 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxx day of the moneth of March, 
in the yere of o^ Lord God a thousand ccccc and xxxj. I Wittm 

Hewet of ledsam, hoill of mynd and gud of remSbranc my 

body to be beried in the pish kirke of ledsam. Also I bequeith to the 
hye alter in the same cherche for forgottyn teithis and to be praid for 
\j* viij<*. Also I bequeith to the cherche warkf vj" viij**. Also I 
bequeith to the leight before Roid xij<*, and to the lyght before o"^ lady 
xij^ Also I bequeith to Elsabeth belhows, my wyff doughter, vj* viij**. 
Also I bequeith to a honest preist to syng one trentall of messe3 in 
the same cherche for my saull and all my fryndf saullf x^ Also I 



42 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

bequieth to Richard my son one Jakit or alls vj* viij^. The Residew 

of my guddf I gyve to Jenett my wyff, whome I maik my 

executrix. Witnes therof, S[ir] John Studeley, vicar of ledsain, John 
belhows, Robert Johnson, James Nalson, and Rawff lusday, with other 
moo.— \^Fraved 5 October^ i53i-] 

Ralph Awnger, of Barwick-in-Elmet. 

(x. 80 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the yere of o"^ Lord God M°**V^xxix°'^. 
I Rauff Awnger, of Barwek in Elmet, in the countie of York, hole of 
mynd and seke in the body, maketh my testament and will in forme 
following, ffirst, I bequeith my soull unto God Almyghty, and my 
body to be beried where it shall please my executory, and y° to 
distribute for my soull the day of my beriall in wax and in money, and 
other almose deidf as y°* shall thynk c5venient to the pleaso"^ of God 
and my degree. And where I, the said Rauff, by my deid, infeofiid 
Thomas Langton of Hudleston, Esquier, late decessed, Roger Wilber- 
fosse, and Witi'm Jakson, to them to ther heires of all my messuages, 
landf, tentf, pastures, wodf, mores, comons, Rent(^ and s^uicf, with 
all ther app^ten, lyeng and beyng in Redenes, Skelton, Houeden, laxton, 
Keylpyng, Addygfleit et Swynfleit, in the countie of York, as it apperith 
by the said deid, bering dait the x*** day of January, the xx*^ yere of the 
Reign of Kyng Henry the viij*^ to thuse to p%rme my last will 
therof to be declared. I will y' my executory shall take and p^ceve 
the fermes, Rentf, and all other pfitts comyng and growyng of the 
forsaid messuages, fandf, tenentf, and other the p"misse3 during xvj 
yeres next after my deceasse, of which fermes, Rentf, and pfittf I 
bequieth to Frauncf * my doughter forntie poundf for the paymet 
wherof I, the forsaid Thomas Langton and others, standith boundon by 
o"^ obligacon to Wittm Hungate, Esquier. And also I bequieth of the 
forsaid fermes, Rentf, and pfittf to Anne my doughter fTourtie poundf 
to hir mariege. Also I bequieth to my chyld yt my wyff is now w^ all 
of the said ffermes, Rentf, and pfittf other ffourtie poundf. And I 
will y' my executors shall putt the forsaid somes in the kepyng of some 
Abbay or in other sure keping, as thay doo receyve thame of the forsaid 
fermes, Rentf, and pfittf, thar to be keip to my said children come to 
thage to be maried, or' to be pmoted, and if one of thame fortune to 
decesse, than the money to her bequethed shalbe devided amongf the 
other that leflff . And the Resydew of the forsaid ffermes, Rentf, and 
pfittf I will that my executors shall receyve and take to the fynding of 
my forsaid thre children to be maried or pmoted, so y' noyn of ther 
money to theym bequeathed be spendid nor waisted. Also I will y' 
my executorf take and receyve ten poundf of John Mores landf, the 
which is owing to me of my marege money, and shall haue all my guddf 
and cattails to and for the paymet of my dettf, and for to dysposse 
for my soulle as they shall thynk best, and for the execucon of this 
my testamet and last will, I ordan and make Elezabeth my wyflf, my 
uncle Roger Wilberfosse, and my cosyn Wittm Chamblayn my 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 43 

execulorf . In witnes wherof to this my pnt testamet, I haue putto my 
seale. Thes wittnesse3, Nycholas Aunger, and Sir Wittm Fenteman, 
preist, w^ other. Also I will that my executorf haue thar costf and 
charegf borne of the hooL Itm I bequeith to eu^y one of my s^uand^ 
xij<*. Itm I bequeith to my suster Katerine x*. Itm I bequeith to 
Wittm Ellys iij* iiij**. Item I bequeith to my suster Dame Agnes vj* 
viij<*. Itm I bequeith to my doughter Franc3 on ryng of gold which 
was hir mother. To John Ellys* my brother in law one dublett of 
cremysjm sattan. To my brother burton oo dublett of Russett sattan. 
I will y« my s^uand Peter haue my fresyd cott and fustian dublett and 
one pare of hosse, and at the day of my beriall to be delt halff peny 
dolL I bequeith to Sir Thomas Settyll ij* to pray for my soull. To 
Sir Wittm Elington viij**. All other thyngf I putt in the order of 
myne executory. Also I bequeith to the church of barwik one furrid 
tawny chamlett gowne and x* of money for to maik one coip of. Itm 
I will they be one trentall of messe3 ^^^^X*^ ^^r me. Itm I bequeith to 
my uncle Wilberfosse one blak chamblett gowne. Itm I bequeith 
to \Vittm chamberlayn one gray awmlyng stagge. Itm I bequeith to 
my brother Nicholes one tawney gowne of cloith and one Kendall 
colt Itm I ordan and make M' Thomas Magnus director unto the 
Dukf grace of Rychmond and Som'sett, myne euspeciall gud maister, 
the sup^visor of this my last will, yf it please hym. Thes heyng witness, 
Sir Thomas Settyll, the curatt of Barwik, Thomas Nawit, and Henrie 
Burton, with other. — [Proved 6 October^ 'SSi-] 



Thomas Smyth, of Pontefract, Alderman. 

(X. 9« a-) 

(Surtees Society, Test, Ebor.^ v, 302.) 



Thomas Smythson, of Altofi-s. 

(x. 9a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the viij day of Novembr, in the yere 

of o' Lord God on thousand ccccc and thirty. I Thomas Smythson, 

of Altoftf , of [whole] mynd and remebrance, makf this my testamet and 

last will in man^ and forme foloving mjk [body] to be beried in 

the chirch yerd of Normanton. Also I gyve and bequeith unto the 
chirch warkf xl<*. Also I gyff unto my wyff for the terme of her lyefF all 
my landf, boith flfrehold, and copyehold w*in the towne and feldf of 
Altoftf, and after the deceasse of hir, it to retome agayn to Gilbert 
my sofa if he lyve, and if he dye unto Robert my son. Also I gyff 
unto Thomas Hill my son in law one Reid Cow w^ calff in full 
contenta^on of his wyfff childf part. Also I gyff and bewytt unto 
the ffriars of Pomfrett xij<*. Also I gyff unto Agnes my doughter one 
whye. Also I gyff unto my doughter Jane one whye. Also I gyf 



*John EUis was of the Barnborough family. See Glover's Visitation of 
Yorkikire^ p. 1 35. 



44 Tis^STAMENTA LEODi£NSlA. 

unto Robert my son my best ox. Also I gyff unto Margaret my 
doughter on new brasse pott Also I gyff unto Gilbert my son my 
wayn and plought, w' yockf, temes, harrowis, and other thyngf therto 
belonging. Also I gyflf and bequeith for the saying of one trentall 
of messes x*. Also I gyff and bequeith unto Margaret Malynson one 
wyndill off wheat. All the Rest of my guddf not bewit, my dettf 
paid, my will fulfillid, I gyflf unto my wyflf, whome I make myn 
executrix. Thes beyng witnesses, Sir Thomas lond, preist, Wittm 
Nalson, Nycholas Spynk, Robert Nalson, and Thomas Paterik, w' other 
moo. — [Proved 26 September^ ^SS'-] 



John Wilson, of Micklefield. 

(x. 93 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the flfurst day of August, in the yere of o*" 
Lord God a thousand d and xxviij. I John Wilson, oflf Mykelfeld, 
beyng of hooll mynd and of gud memory, ordans and makf this my 

psent testamet and last will in man^ foloving my body to 

be buried in the church yerd of Shereburne, and y* the law will 
require in the name of my mortuary. Also I bequeith to the hye alter 
for my tethis forgotten xij^. Also I bequeith to Sanct Peter warkf 
at York xij^. Also I bequeith to Shereburne church warkf iij" iiij**. 
Also to Mykelfeld chappell iij' iiij**. Also to Esabell my doughter x*. 
Also to Rychard my son one Iron boun wayn, one yook of oxen, a 
yook, one Iron teeme, one horse, and one mare. Also to Nycholes 
my son vj* viij^. Also to Agnes my doughter vj* viij**. Also to Alyson 
my doughter vj* viij^. Also to Margaret my doughter vj* viij^. Also 
to Elsabeth flfairchild xl*. And also to a preist to say for my saull 
and my wyflff saull one trentall off messe3, and he to haue x*. The 
Residew of my guddf nott above bequethed I gyve to my son S"^ 
Wittm and to Sir Wittm Fentaman, whome I make my executorf, to 
pay my dettf and fulfill my will, and to dispose for the helth of my 
saull after the discrecion. Written the day and yere abovesaid. 
Witnesses heroflf. Sir Wiflm Skelton, John Gibson, Rychard Howdaill, 
w' others moo. — {Proved 17 November^ iSS'O 



John Midgley, of Headinglev. 

(xi. 3 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : anno domini Mittmo quingentesimo trigesimo 
primo Sexto Idiis Decembris. I John Migeley, of Hedingley, within 

the pishe of Ledes, of hoole mynde and memorie my bodie 

to be beriede in the church or churche yerde of Sancte Peter, in 
Ledes. Also I bequeath unto the hie altar xij^. Also I will that 
my son Richarde Midgelay be contentid in like porcon for his childe 
parte and mariadge good, and that fully, as well as my doughtor, wif 
of John Pollard, was contented at the tyme of hir mariage. Also I 
orden and make my wif and Richarde my sone my executors, that 
they dispose for my saull helth, after the best maner that they can 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 45 

or maye, and after that they haue brought me forth and beried me, 
of my hoole substance and goodf and my dettp paid, Than I 
bequeath the hoole residue of my goodf to Richarde my sone and 
my wif, my executors. With theis wittenesses, Richarde Midgeley my 
son, Richarde Pollard, Roberte Midgeley, with other. — [^Proved 23 
January, 153 1-2.] 

Ann Rookby, of Spofforth. 

(xi.4b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the viij'^ day of February, the yere of our 
Lorde God M'dxxxj***. Wittenessith that I Anne Rookby voes, of 
good hoole mynd and memorie, makf my last will and mynde and 
testament in maner and forme foloing: ffirst I bequest my saull 
to the Fader of hevyn, to o** ladie Sancte Marie, and to all the 
celestiall company of hevyn, and my bodie to be beried in Marie 
Magdlen where, within the pishe churche of Spofford. Also I bequest 
to one prest to syng at the same altar the spacie of thre yeres xiij'», 
to praye for my saiQl and my husbandf sauUes, and al cristen sauUes. 
Also I gif to the said altar a chales, a vestyment, one albe, and al 
altar clothes therto belongyng. Itm I will that eu^y prest the day of 
my beriall sh^ll haue iiij**, and eu^y clerke ij**, and eu'-'y other creator 
that will take it j<*. Also I gif to Anne Aldeburghe, my maide, for 
hir good s^uicie, iiij'* and hir hoole yere wadges. Also I bequest to 
the said Anne my secunde slope, my beste kirtle, one mattres, one 
par of sheitf, one cou^lett, on par of blankettf, and all my pewder 
vescell, one panne, one brandereth, one litle spowne, and ij litle 
pilloos. Also I gif Sir Roberte Penycotte to pray for me xij«^. Also 
I gif to eu^y watyng sunte and the cooke in the hoose viij*^, and to 
eu^y other werke sunte man and woman iiij**. And to eu^y poore 
childer belongyng the howse ij^. Also I gyve to eu^y howse in the 
towne having nede iiij^. Also I gif John Poile one cotte, one dublett, 
one cap, one par hoos, and one par of shoos. Also I gif to Neill 
Plompton xij<*. Also I gif to Sancte Edmudes altar at Knaresburghe 
church xij**. Also I gif to Sir Edmde Beyne to pray for my saull 
vj» viij<*. Also I gif Roberte Plompton thelder xij^. Also to Roberte 
Plompton the yonger one silu^ spone. Itm Denys Plompton one 
siluer spone. Itm Jenet Lambert viij*^. Itm to Margarete Dinelay 
ray secunde kirtle. Itm to Janet Talier one clothe kirtle. Itm to 
Maistres Isabell Plompton, wiff of William Plompton, my best slope, 
ij fyne kerchefTf, one smoke. Itm to Maister William Plompton one 
sUu'* spone, one diapor clothe, ij diapor towels, one par of fyne sheitf*. 
Itm to Maister John Grenefeld xij^. Itm to Talier wif one smoke. 
The residue of all my goodf and dettf due to me at this daye not 
bequeathed I will that Edmunde Rawlinson, whome I make my sole 
executor, to dispose them, bothe dettf and goodf , for the helth of my 
saull, with ou^sight of his maister as sup^visor of the same, this my 
last will And I gif to my executor for his labor vj" viij**. Thies 
p^sones bering wittenes, Maister John Grenefeld, gentilman, Antony 
Aldburghe, William Hill, Sir Roberte Penycott, prest, cu multis alys. 
— [Proved ultimo die February^ 



46 testamenta leodiensia. 

Margaret Newby, of Kirk Fenton. 

(xL 6 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xvj'** daye of June, in the yere 
of our Lorde God M^xxxj'^. I Margarete Newby, of Kirke fenton, 
Widdo, hoole of mynde and of good memorie, intending to be and 
continue the sunte of God, make my last will and testament in this 
man^ and forme foloing. First I bequeath my saull to God Almyghtie 
to the glorious virg3me our ladie Sanct Marye, and to all the blissed 
company in hevyn, and my bodie to be beried within the chancesell 
of sancte Michaell, in the pishe church of Fenton aforsaid. Also I 
bequeath to the hie altar in the forsaid churche for my tithes 
necligently forgettyn ij". Also I bequeath to the sepulchre v*. Also 
I bequeath to our ladie of piety iij* iiij*^. Also I bequeath to my 
pishe churche foore torches. Also I bequeath to the foure men that 
beres the said torches to the church before my corse the daye of my 
beriall eu^y one of them iiij*^. Also I witto a honeste prest forto 
sing one hoole yere in the said chancell of Sancte Michaell within 
the said pishe churche of Fenton for the helth of my saull and 
al cristen sauUes seyvyn marcf. Also I witt Isabell Lowde my 
doughter my best girdle, a silu^ pece, a grete brasse pott, a par lyne 
sheitf, and a par of hardyn sheitf, a towell, and a burdclothe. Also 
I witte Margarete Wadyngton v marcf ; ij siluer spones, a copberd, 
and one pare of Corall beades w' silu^ gaudes. Also I witto Elisabeth 
Edling xl^ The residue of all my goodf not bequeathed, my dettf 
paid, and fun^all expenses maid, I gif to Frances Newby my son, 
whome I make, ordenes and constitutes my full executor of this my 
w^ill, forto dispose as he thinkes best for the helth of my sail. Also 
I humbly desire my sone William Newby to take the payne to be 
sup^viso^ of this my will, and for his payne takyn I bequeath hym 
vij* vj<*. Wittenes herof. Sir William Fentaman, William Thorpe, 
Roberte Doclay, and Thomas Cowpe. — [Proved i8 March^ 1531-2.] 



William Stede, of Stede, in Otley. 

(xi.8.) 

Xviij"® die mensis Aprilis anno dni millesimo quingentessimo 
trigesimo secundo administraccio omnium bonorum que fuerunt 
Willelmi Stede nuper de Stede parochia de Otteley abintestato 
decedentis comissa fuit Roberto Stede de Stede predicte drapor fratri 
dicti defuncti, jurato, etc. 

William Lethome, of South Milford. 

(xi. iz b.) 

In noTe dei Amen : the xxviij*^ daye of Septembre, in the yere 
of our Lord God M'dxxx*^. I William Lethome, of South Mylforth, 

beyng in good memorie my bodie to be beried in the pishe 

of Alhallos, in Sherebum, in the Mydle Aley, as nere to my stall 
as may be conuenient. Also I gif and bequeath to the hie altar 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 47 

for tithes forgettyn ther xij«*. To the churche warkf there v^ Also 
where as I am in detto John Lethome, my sone and heire, for 
certejme landf whiche I haue occupied of his, sithe the departyng of 
Agnes somtyme my wif (whos saull God pdon) and moder to my 
said sone John x^» of farmes, I will y* he be truly content and paid 
therof. Also I gif and bequeath to John Lethome my cosyn and 
sunte one acre of barlie or xx", whedder it shall please hym. To 
Elisabeth Sikes my god doughtor one quarter of barlie. The residue 
of all my goodf afore not witt gyven ne bequeathed I gif and 
bequeath to William Lethome, sone and heire apparent unto my 
forsaid sone John Lethome, whome I make my executor, he to dispose 
ther with for the helth of my saull, with thadvice of Charles Jacson, 
whome I make sup^visor of this my last will. Thies beyng wittenes, 
Roberte Heryson, of Pontefracte, John Boswell, of Shereburn, John 
Sikes, Sir Thomas Lond, prest, Sir John Talior, prest, William Cold- 
cole, and other. Also I bequeth to Janet Halale a quarter of Barly. 
M** that in the yere of our Lord God mdxxxij'**, I the said William 
Lethome thelder, ordence and makf John Lethome, my sone and heire, 
the rewlar and concernar of William his sone and myne executor, and 
of all suche goodf, moueable and unmoueable, as shalbefall the said 
William his sone by the reason of his executorshipe, to he be of 
lowfuU age. And than I will that the said John delyu^ to the said 
William his sone all and every percell accorddyng as it was delyuerid 
to hym. In wittenes herof I have subscribed my name. — {^Proved 30 

^^yy 1532.] 

Elizabeth Shaw, Widow, at York. 

(xi.isb.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xvj'*» daye of the moneth of Maye, 
in the yere of our Lorde God Myxxxij'**. I Elisabeth Shaw, widdow, 
of pfitte mynde and good memorie, makith and ordyneth this my 
last will and testament in man^ and forme foloing. First I gif and 
comend my sail to God Almyghtie, my creato**, and to his blissed 
moder o' Ladie Sancte Marie, and to all the celestiall courte and 
company of hevyn, and my bodie to be beried where it shall forton 
me to dye within the pishe churche. Also I bequeath to the psone 
of the said pishe church xij^. Also I bequeath the daye of my beriall 
for half a trentall of messes v*. Also I bequeath v'' of wax the same 
day. Also I bequeath for my beriall and bryngyng furthe foure 
markf, or at the discretion of my executors. Also I bequeath to a 
honeste prest to syng for me and my husband saulles and alcristen 
saulles thre yeres, one yere at Thomo^ an other at Whitkirk, the thirde 
yere where it shall forton me to be beried, and he to be paid one of 
the thre yerf at the handf of my sone in law, Mathew Oggilthorpe, 
and to be acquiete of alman^ of rekenyngf betwyxt hym and me, 
Elisabeth Shaw, so that the prest haue vij markf, a sufficient wadge 
wberby he may lif and onlie sing for me and my husband. And the 
other too yeres I will that my son William do pay, and he to haue 



48 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

vij mark(^ by yere of suche good(^ as he haith in his handf, as it 
doith appere by writyng. And I will that the said prest or prest(% 
whiche shall syng for me the said thre yeres, shall use the trentall of 
Sancte Gregorie as the festf do fall, and to say and use the collitte 
of the daye with placebo and dirige, and he to haue that yere so 
doyng vj" viij** ou^plus for his payns takyng. Also 1 bequeath to 
Mathewe Ogilthorpe my son in law one silu'' pece, and after decesse 
of the said Mathew to his son Mathew, and vij yerdes of lyne clothe 
and foure silu^ sponys, ij kettils, with the residue of all my household 
stuf to thuse of his childer, excepte the bequest of this my will. Also 
I bequeath to my son John Shaw wif my best gold ryng. Also I 
bequeath to Agnes Shaw, my doughto*" in law, an other gold ryng. 
Also I bequeath to my aunnte Mawde Shaw on of my best kercheff , 
with my velvett patlett. To William Shaw my sone my chalis, and to 
his wif a kerchif. To my son Sir Umfrey Shaw a fedderbed, with that 
p^teynyth to it, with one silu^ girdle for a prest, with one stag. To 
my son Peter Shaw xxxiij*, that is in the hands of William Howdon. 
To Agnes Shaw, my doughto*", xl* in money, and my gowne, and my 
kirtle, and my best belt, and my best beades, with one crucifix at them, 
with my silu^ crokf. To Marie Ogilthorpe one cowe, with one caldrone. 
To Anne Oglesthorpe one cowe, with one sangwhen gowne, with 
lynyng of buccacye. To George Oglesthorpe a mace^ and too silu^ 
sponys that lieth in pledge for x*^, and if they be loste I will that he 
haue the money that they lye for and one stotte. To Agnes 
Oglesthorpe one ambrie and a bras potte. To Elisabeth Oglesthorpe 
a whie. To Grace Oglesthorpe a whie and ij* viij**, which Charles 
Geyny ow to me. To Clement Oglesthorpe one amblyng mare. To 
my suster Rawson my best gowne, one kerchif, with my hatte. 
To my suster Bath a farcenett, with a kerchif. To the iiij orders 
of freres vj* viij**. To Sir William Pynder iij* iiij**. To the Vicar of 
Thorno"- iij" iiij^. To Sir William Settill iij^ iiij^. To William Wike 
wif a kerchif and a smoke. To my god son Henry Norton at 
Secroft my pyed reband. To Thorno*" Kirke v* to by them a crosse 
clothe with. To Richd wif a gowne. To Hilton wif a kirtle. To 
Margerie Andrew a braspott, one pewder dishe, one dubler, and a 
smoke. To Kateryne my maide on kerchif. To Bell wif my kepar, 
a peticott, and a kerchif. To Jenet Johnson a kerchif and a smoke. 
To Anne Mason, Robert Awike sunte, a pare of cette beades. To 
William Reme wif a peticott. To the prisoners in the castell xij^, 
and that to be bestowid in mette. To Margerie my hoise and shois. 
To Alicie Swyndon ij yerdes of hardyn clothe. To Isabell Harbatill 
a blacke gowne purfilled w* shank (\ Also I make my sone John 
Shawe sup'^viso' of this my last will, and to se it fulfiUid, he to haue 
for his labo' xl*. I'he residue of my guddf , my dettf paid, and my 
will fulfillid, and al other expenses, fun^all honestly maid and done, 
I will that my sone Mathew Oglesthorpe and my sone William Shaw, 
whome I make my executors of this my testament and last will, gyf 
and delyu^ all suche goodf as is dew to me, whiche is in the handf 
of my sone William, and all other dettf to the use of my son 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 49 

\lathew Oglesthorpe childe^ and the said executors to ordre and 
dispose the said goodf to ichone of them as they shall think most 
necessarie. And they to haue for theire labo*" aither of them x*. 
Thies wittenes. Sir William Marton, psone of crux churche, Rauff 
Langley, Sir Miles Walsforthe, Rauf HarbatilL— [7V^/^a/<r granted 8 
August, 1532, of the Win of Eliz, Shaw, widow, late relict of John 
Shaw, late of Secroft, deceased, to Mathew Oglesthorpe, gentleman, and 
William Shaw, son of deceased, the executors,] 



Margaret Brachay, of Ledstone. 

(xL 31 b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : in the xv'^ day of Marche, in the yere of 
our Lord God a thousand fL\e hundreth xxxj'K I Margret Brachay, 

of Ledston, of holl mynd and gud remembrance and my 

bodie to be beried in the churche or churche yerd of our Lady at 
Kepaxe. Itm I bequeath to the hye Aulter xij«*. Itm to the gray 
fireres of Pomfrett v* for one trentall. Itm to Isabell Byram one 
lame, one cou^ett, ij par of shettf, one pott and a pan, a kettill, a 
cresset, a brandreth, one gowne. Itm to Margery Bramhm one gowne 
& kirttell, a petticott, one kyrcheffe. To Brian Bramfem one lam. 
To Thomas Watt^ one lame, a blew gowne. To Agnes Watt^ one 
kyrttill. To Isabell Wynter one CurchefFe, one hate, a hoode. (hoc 
facto), my dettf paid and my fun^allf expenses maid, the rest of 
my gudf, nother gifFen nor bequethed, I giffe and betake to Robert 
Brachay my son, whome I make myne executo' of this my present 
and last will that he dispose them aft the mynde and ou^syght of 
Wilim Lownde, Richard Layke, and George Bolton, whome sup^visors 
of this my last will. Thies men beryng wittenes, S[ir] Thomas 
Schamoden, prest, John Bramfem, Wittm Londe, and Richard Leyke, 
with other moo. Geven at Ledston the day and yere abowe written. 
— [Proved 4 November, 1532.] 

Agnes Hemsworth, of Swillington. 

(xi. 32 b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : in the yere of our Lorde Gode a thousand 
five hundreth therty and too, and the xiij**» day of Septimbre. I Agnes 
Hemsworth, wedowe, w*" the pishing of Swyllyngton, of good mynde 
and holl memory, maketh and ordenyth this my last will in man^ and 
forme foloying. First I gife and bequeath my saul to Gode Almyghty 
and to his blissed mother our Lady Sancte Mary, and to all the holl 
Courte of hevyn, and my body to be buryed within the churche of 
all Halois of Swyllyngton. Also I will that Mast^ person, my curett, 
haffe to pray for me And for forgotten tythes xx^. Also I gifFe unto 
the churche of Swyllington unto the bying of one coope xl*, one 
kyrcheffe to make a corprax, on alt^ clothe to our lady alt^ and a lyne 
ck>the to make a hillyng to the sancte. Also I will that one honest 
prest doo syng for my husbande saull and myne and all cristen saullf 



50 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

in the sad churche of Swillyngton one holl yere incontenet after my 
deyth. Also I giffe unto the causye at est end of Swyllyngton bryge 
XX*. Also to the Vicare of Ledes and to the vicar Whitkyrke, and 
to ether of them for forgotten tythes ij*. To the mendyng of Tempil 
newsome lane xx<*. To eu^y one of my god childer iiij^. To Thomas 
Hemsworth and Margaret Hemsworth, my brother childer, to ether of 
them ij yewes and ij lames. To Thomas Banes xxvj* viij**. To 
Elsabeth Lane xl% in peny or penyworthe. To Robert Lucas a 
Ryall in gold. To Agnes Lucas his wif one cowe, which she haith. 
To his iiij childer ycheone of them vij* vj**. To Steuen Lucas sex 
shepe. To Richard Grave, sone unto Rauffc Graue, ij shepe. To 
Rofet Hemsworth, Thorns Hemsworthe sone, my best Bras potte, 
puided that it remane to hym or to some of the same name. To 
Elsabeth his sister vij* vj<*. To Thomas Hemsworth, my sone wife, a 
par of corall beadf , prouided that they Remane to Rotte hir sone or 
to su of his name. To John Bane three sylu^ sponis or vj" viij**. To 
Poille of Thorn^ one mere, or to be compounded to the valo^ To 
Richard Hilton, Robert Fenton, and to Wittm Harison, eche one of 
the a mette of wheatte and a mette of barlye. To eu^y housholde"^ 
within the pishing of Swyllington hauyng noo come grouyng one 
stroke of wheate. To John Bane wifFe one kyrtilL To Margaret 
Gybson one gowne, withe a kirtill. To Wittm Shakilton wife a lyne 
shete. To Janet West^man a pettycott, withe a kyrcheff. To Wittm 
Haryson, John Carleton, and Wiftm Sager, iche of them ij*. To 
Issabell Diche one whye sterke. To Jenet Webster ij«. To Alis Lee 
X*. To Alis Pleys a whye. To Jenet Adm^gill a mete of whele. To 
Rauffe Preston one whie. To S*^ George List'' iij* iiij^. To Sir Wittm 
Brodehed and to s' Wittm Shakylton, ether of them a shert cloithe, 
or els xx«*. To Agnes Lucas and to Ursile Hemsworthe a s'tan of 
whyte wolle to make ather of them a gowne. To the said Agnes 
and Ursule ather of them a sylu^ spone. To Robert Hemsworthe 
my sone viij*** oxen and a wane, and all that p^tenyth therto, and vj** 
xiij* iiij** to gett hym a farmehold withe, and x' to bye hym a Jakett, 
and on holl bed and ij sylu^ spones. And unto Sir John Hemsworthe 
my sone xiij* iiij*^. Also unto the said s' John my son, to the bying 
of one fetherbed xl^ in monye and asmych blewe yeme as will make 
j Gowne. The residue of this blewe yerne I gifF unto Jenet and 
Elsabeth, my doughters. Also to the said Jennet and Elsabeth all 
my appery wayre, that is to say, shetf, bordclothes, towellf, napkyns, 
ij arks, and ij chistf, with all appery wayre within them. To Jenet 
ij cou^etf and one hillyng to a bed. To Elsabeth ij cou^letf, and 
ether of them ij matt^essis, ij pare of blanketf, Codwares and bosters 
therto. To Jenett v carpeft whishyngf and one pare of Beadf, one 
pare of new silu^ crokf and my best tache, ij silu'' sponis. To Elsabeth 
my best gyrdill, a pare of silu^ crokf, one tache, and ij silu^ sponis. 
Also I will that ether of them haue vj^ xiij* iiij** in monye. The 
Residewe of all my goodf, my dettf paid and fun^all expenses maide, 
I giffe unto Sir John Hemsworthe my sone, and to Thomas Hemsworth 
my sone, whome I make and ordenyth myne executors. And I make 



TRSTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. $1 

Arthur Dyneley, Jentilman, Rauffe Grave and Robert Lucas sup^visors 
of this my last will, and that eu^y one of them haue vj* viij** for his 
labor. Theis being wittenes, Sir Wittm Brownhed, s"" Witfm Shakilton, 
John Lytster, with the said superuysors. — [^Proved 13 November ^ 1532.] 



Robert Atkinson, of Holbeck. 

, (xl 33 b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen: the xxij'* day of December, in the yere of 
our Lord a thowsand five hundreth and xxxj. I Robert Atkynson, 
of Holbeke, of the pishyng of Ledf, in the countie of Yorke, holl 
concience, holl mynd, makf my will and testament in this maner. 
First I giffe my sail unto Allmyghtie God and to our Lady Sanct 
Mary, and unto all sanctf in heven, and my body to be buryed in 
the churche of sanct Peter at Ledf. Also I giffe unto Issabell 
Atkynson, my sone doughter, a howse and a garthyng, now in the 
tenure of George Sawnder, and a closse cawled hellmyer paying the"" 
fore yerely xvj* viij<* unto the fader of the said Elsabethe \sic'\ after 
my decesse and Elsabethe my wiffe. Also I giffe the said Elsabeth 
xl* of monye and a belt of golde and sylu^ price of xl^, and too sylu^ 
spones. Also I giffe unto Agnes, my sone doughter, a howse and a 
^Euthyng, nowe in teneor of George Estbume, and xl* of monye and 
too sylu^ spones. Also I giffe unto Margarett Atkynson, my son 
doughter, a howsse and a Garthyng, now in the tenor of John 
Atkynson, father unto the said Margrett, and xl* of money and too 
sfhjp sponys. Also I give unto Jennet Atkynson, my sone doughter, 
xl* of monye. Also I give unto Elsabethe my wiffe mj^ holl take of 
my fermeholde duryng her lyf, and aft^ hir decesse to remane unto 
John Atkynson my sone and his assignes. Also I give unto Ledf 
churche xiij» iiij^ of a condicon that the pishyng sett forth the kyrkf 
side, and if nott no mony to be paid. Also [I] orden and makf 
myne executors Elsabeth my wiffe and John Atkynson my sone of 
all my goodes nott bequeathid. Also it is my will that my executors 
deKu^ or cause to be deliu^yd viij'» of monye into the handf of 
Gylbertt Casson, and all other thyngf that belongf unto the said 
childer partt or parttes a bowne said, and itto be delu^yed after my 
decesse. And the said Gylbertt Casson to haue all the said goodf 
in rewll and kepyng to the childer be hovne, unto suche tyme thie 
be abyll to gou^ne it or come to soker. Also I make my ou^sears 
of all the said goodf Roland Atkynson, John Kyll3mgbeke, James 
PaterdalL Thies beyng wittenes, John Thomson, Roger Lee, Edmunde 
Fayrbanke, with other. — [^Proved 14 Novemhery 1532.] 



Adam Harrop, of Batley. 

(xi. 34.) 

In £>ei nomine Amen. I Adam Haroppe, of p^fite will and holl 
mynde, makf my testament and last will the xiij^ day of Apryll, in 
the yerc of our Lord God a thowsand five hundreth xxxij'», in man^ 



52 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

and forme folowyng. First I give my sail to God omnipotent, our 
Lady Sanct Mary, and to all the fare company of hevyn, my body 
to be buryed in my pishe churche of All hallowes at Batley, my 
mortuarye to be paid accordyng to the Acte of pleament. Also I 
gif xij** to the hye alter for forgettyn tythes. Also I will that there 
be geven to Sanct Anne alter vj^ viij**, the whiche is dett Also I 
gif to Thomas Harope xxxiij* iiij«*. Also I gif to Elyne Harope xK 
To S"- Wittm Etley vj« viij<*. To S' Umfray Maill iij» iiij<*. Also I 
will that I be honestly beried accordyng to my degre. The Residewe 
of my goodf not legatt my fun^all expensis maid and my dettf 
paid, I give to Elsabeth my wif, whome I make myne executrix of 
this my last will. Thies be sup^visors, Dame Kateryne Bourghe, Sir 
Wittm Otley, S'' Umfray Maille, prest. Wittenessis thes Thomas 
Peper, Thomas Thornes, John Nevell, with other. — [Proved 30 
December^ 1532.] 



Richard Grave, of Rothwell. 

(xi. 38.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : in the yere of our Lorde God a thousand 
fyve hundreth xxxij*^ and in the tente day of January. I Richarde 
Grave, yoman, within the pishe of Rothwell, of good mynd and 
memorye, makith and ordenyth this my last will in maner and forme 
folowyng. First I gif and bequeath my sail to God Almyghtie, and 
to his blissid mother our Ladie Sancte Mary, and to all the holle 
courte of heven, and my bodie to be buried wythin the churche yerde 
of the holie trinitie of Rothwell, nye the palmes crosse. Also I will 
that maister Vicar, my gostlye father, for tithes forgotten and to 
discharge my conscience haue xiij* iiij<*. Also I bequeth to the 
churche of Rothewell to the churche nedis iij" iiij*^. Also to the 
upholde of Swillyngton cawsy vj* viij**. Also to the freres of Pontfret 
vj* viij**. Also to the upholde of Medlay churche ij*. Also to otter- 
forth bryge vj* viij^. Also to the mendyng of the butcher loone ij*. 
Also I bequeath to eu^y one of my godchilder beyng on lyve ij**. Also 
to Swyllyngton churche xx*^. Also I bequeath to my lorde Darcy my 
best Awmyllyng mere, or els one Awmylyng stage. To Robert Mores 
and Agnes his wyffe, my doughto^ vj'» xiij* iiij<*, with my blissyng, clerely 
to be dischargede. And if the said Robert will not bee content with 
the said vj*^ xiij' iiij<*, that then the saide Robert to haue no peny bott 
as the lawe will, or els to take the rent of my hous at Wrygilsforth 
to the said sme be rune uppe. To Agnnes Mores one cowe. Also to 
Richarde Mores one ox styrke of too yeres olde. Also to Martyne 
Mores one oxe styrke of ij yeres olde. Also to Henry Turnay one 
Kendall Jaket Also to Wittm Grame one blake freshe gowne, with 
one pare of whyt hosse. Also to Margret Nunys iij* iiij*^. Also to 
Elsabeth Bingley iij* iiij<^. Also to Elsabeth Smyth iij" iiij<*. Also 
to Richard Graue, sone to Rauffe Graue, one gray nagge. Also to 
Martyne Graue one oxe styrke of too yeres olde. To Elsabeth Graue 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 53 

one whie of ij yeres olde. I bequeathe to Bryan Nunys and to 
Wiitm, to ether of them a whie styrke of ij yeres olde. Also to 
Richard Handley one whye of two yeres olde. Also to Wittm 
Lyndelay one bukkescyne doyblett. To Rauf Graue my sone all my 
takkf and landis that I haue w^in Olton, and also I bequethe to the 
said Rauf the kyngf demanes callid twayte, w' all thereto belongyng, 
cxcepe on closse callyd cletf , the whiche I will that my wyf and Wittm 
my sone haue duryng the terme of the takke, payng therfore the kyngf 
ferme. To my wyffe and Wittm my sone my takke of clobeclyfe and 
crynylsforth, w4n the lordeshype of Medelay, payng the ferme to the 
lordes therfore. To VVittm my sone one gyltyd goblett w* one cou^yng 
belongyng therto. To Jennet my wif and Wittm my sone vij*^ in golde, 
immedeatly to be deuided betwyx them. To Jennet my wyife and 
Wittm my sone xvj^ sylu^ sponys, indeferently to be deuided betwyx 
them. To Rauf Grave my sone xxvj" viij<^, that Richard Cartre of 
Sowrby lordeshipe doth owe me. And also I bequeath to the said 
Rauf xxvj* viij<* that Olyu^ Bynnys of the pishyng of Elande owe unto 
me for ij fatt oxen. The residue of all my guddes unbequethed, my 
fun^all expensis maide and my dettf paid, I gif to Jennet my wiffe and 
Wittm my sone, whom I make and orden my executors. And also 
I will that Jennet my wif shall haue kepyng of all the goodf that doth 
p'tene unto my said sone Wittm, beyng at under age, and if it fortune 
the said Jennet my wif to marye, then I will that Rauffe Grave my 
sone and S*^ John Hemysworth to haue the kepyng of all the said 
goodf p^tenyng unto the said Wittm, which said Rauffe and S' John 
I nuJce supervisors of my will, and ether of them to haue for ther 
labC X*. In wittenes therof, Robert Lucas, Robert Mores, Thomas 
Bluet, and the said superuisors. — \^Froved ii February , 1532-3] 



Robert Midgley, of Headingley. 

(xi. 43«) 

In the name of Gode Amen : the vij^^ ide of Nouembris. I 

Robert Migelay, of Hed3mgley my bodie to be buried in the 

pishe churche of Ledis. To the highe Aulter xij**. Also I will that 
all my hooll goodis be equally deuided in thre partes, of the whiche 
one part shall bryng me ftirth, and the seconde parte to my childeren 
Robert, Alison, and Isabell, and the third part to my wiff. And I will 
that the Residue of my part aft^ I be brought furthe remane in my 
wif hand for the helpe of S'^ John my sone. Itm I gif to Elsabeth 
Bateley vij» vf. Itm to my Lord Abbatt of Christall iij*' iiij**. To the 
Cooentt of the same x*. Also I will that my draught carye xx'» lodes 
of stone or thyngf necessarie for mendyng of the heghe waye betwyxt 
Wetwode and Ledes. And I orden and make my wif my soUe 
executrix and George M^shall superuisor. Thies wittenesses, Richard 
M^elay, Thomas Dawson, Xpofer Culpon, Henry Walker, and other. 
"^Proved i May, 1533.] 



54 testamknta leodiensia. 

Lionel Cowper, of Thorparch. 

(xi. 43 b.) 

In nomine Dei Amen : in the yere of our Lord Gode a thowsand 
fyve hundreth and xxxiij'^ and the first daye of Nouember. I Lionell 
Cowper, of the pishyng of Thorpparche, and of a holl mynd, makf my 
will and testament in this man^ First I bequeath my saull to 
Almyghtie God and my bodie to be beried in the kyrke erde of 
AUhalows at Thorpparche, and my mortuary to be payde accordyng 
to the law. Also I bequeth to my curate xij«* to pray for my saull. 
To S*^ Robert Colynson viij<*. Itm I bequest to a childe cald Richarde 
Cowper XX*. To the iiij borders of Freres at Yorke eu^yone a peke of 
wheatt To too lityll wenchis of Thomas Leonardf, ether of them a 
yew shepe. The Rest of my gudes I gif to Isabell and Anne my 
doughtors, whome I make my executrixis to pay my dettf , to deliu^ 
my bequest. And the rest of my gudes to be evynly deuided betwene 
them accordyng to this my last will, by thyes recordf, s' Thomas 
Thomson, my curate, s' Robert Colynson, Thomas Leonard, Wittm 
Browne, and Richard Browne, the whiche too I make superuisors, to 
se that my will be fulfillid as my trist is to theme. — \Proved 14 
February, 15334.] 



William Pickard, of Wike. 

(xL 44.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : the last day of December, In the yere 
of our Lord a thowsande five hundreth xxxiij'*. I Wittm Pecarde, of 
the townshipe of Wyke, wythin the pochyn of Harwode, makith my 
last [will] and testament in forme her folowyng. First I bequest my 
saull to Gode Almyghti and my bodie to be beried within the holie 
sanctuarie of the pishe churche of Allhalos of Harwode. Also I will 
that my wiffe haue all my holl land or inheretans duryng hir lif, 
withe the ordre of my childer, to thie be att lefuU age, if she kepe hir 
wedohed, or els to gif them ther childe partes, iff she marye, that 
belongith them by the lawe. Also I witt to iiij borders of Freres ij*. 
Also I ordane and makith my wiffe Alison and Wittm myne eldest sone 
my full executors, to accomplishe and fulfill this my last will and 
testament, and to dispose my guddes for the well and helthe of my 
saull. The rest of my part unbequest, my dettes paid and my body 
beried, I will shall be deuyded emongf my wiflfe and childer. Thies 
witnesses, WiiJm Peston, clerke, Richard Alen, Rauf Pykard, with 
many other. — \Proved 14 February, 1533-4'] 



Robert Hemsworth, of Swillington. 

(xi.44b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : in the yere of our Lorde God a thowsand 
fyve hundreth and xxx'S the xxvj day of Aprill. I Robert Hemsworth, 
of the gaynry within the pishe of Swyllyngton, yoman, whatfull of 
mynde and of holl memorie, makith and ordens my last will in this 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 55 

man^ folowyng. In the first I bequeathe my saull to God Almyghtie, 
to o*^ Ladie Sanct Mare, and to all celestiall company of heven, my 
bodie to be beried within the churche of Allhalos of Swyllyngton, before 
the crusiiix. Also I bequethe to maister persone, my curate, to 
discharge me of forgotten tithes, oblacons and other dewties of the 
churche xxx*. Also I bequeathe to the said churche of Swyllyngton to 
bye a sutte of westmentf iij'* vj» viij<*. To the hye Alter of Whitkyrke 
iij*, and to the churche warkf iij*. Unto the hie aulter of Ledis iij*. 
To the churche warkf of the said churche iij"- To the hie Alter of 
Aberfforde churche iij* iiij**, and to the churche warkes iij^ iiij*^. To the 
hee alter of the churche of Methlay xx**, and to the churche warkf xx<*. 
To the said churche of Methlay for tithes ii'. To the hee alter of 
the churche of Rothwell xx**, and to the church warkes xx**. To 
Swyllyngton Bryge end vj' viij^. To eu^yone of my childeren not 
maried xxvj^ xiij» iiij<* for ther childes part. To Robert Lucas 
one yoke of stottes and eu^yone of his childer vj* viij*^. To 
John Hemsworth, my Brother, iiij oxen, whiche he haith. To 
Thomas Pece ij oxen whiche he haith. To Robert Peice, of Colton, 
one oxe, whiche he haith. To Cecile Pullen a yeryng sterke. To 
Margret Tailyer a whie with caufe nexte yere. To John Bane, of 
Whitkirk, a whye with caufe. To Richard Hilton a whie with cauffe 
for his styrke that I haue. Also I will that eu^yone of my god childer 
haue iiij^ to pray for my saull and all xpen sauls. Also I will that 
Thomas Hemsworth childe haue vj* viij<*. Also I will that Lawrens 
Bayne, Rauffe Graue, and Wittm Shakilton the scoler, eu^yone of them 
haue a rewarde at the discretion of Agnes Hemsworth my wifFe and 
other of my executors. Moreover I will bequeath to the churche of 
Swyllyngton one Anthephon^, I will that it ly one the dark side, and 
that the ofsprine of me be gou^ners of itt, and to red and to rede and 
syng at itt to s'^'ue Code os long as itt lastf . Also I will that the said 
diurche of Swyllyngton haue the same Calix that was plegyd to me, 
and that my ofspryng haue itt at ther pleaso*", when itt shall pleas 
them to haue mes at ther howsis. Also I will that xiij cotegers of 
Swyllyngton not hauyng no come grouyng haue eu^one of them a 
stroke of wheat. The Residewe of all my guddes affore not gyfne 
nor bequethid, my will fulfiUid and dettf paid, I gifFe to A^es 
Hemsworth my wiff, to S[ir] John Hemsworth my sone, and to 
Thomas Hemsworthe my sone, and them I make my trew executors 
of this my last will, that thie ordre and disspose for the helthe of 
my saull os thye thynke most coBenyent in tyme to come. Thies 
beyng testes, RaufT Grave, John Hemsworthe, and John Pullen, with 
other moo.— [Praued i June, 1530.] 



Ralph Hopton, of Armlev. 

(xi. 45) 

In the name of Gode Amen : the xvij*** day of Octobre, in the 

yere of our Lorde God A thousand five hundreth and xxxij^'. I 

Rauffe Hopton esquier, of Armeley, within the pishe of Ledis, of holl 



56 TESTA MENTA LEODIENSIA. 

mynde and gud remembrance, do orden and make this my last will 
and testament in this man'' folowyng. In primis I bequeathe my 
sauU unto God Allmyghty, to our lady sanct Mary Virgyn, and to 
all the sanctf in heven, and my body to be beried within the pishe 
churche of sanct Peter in Ledis, beside my wiffe. And I bequeath 
to my Curate for tythes and oblacons forgotten xiij^ iiij**. And also 
to my curate in the name of my mortuarye my best hors. And I 
bequeth unto the blissed sacrament to helpe to bye anorment iij* 
iiij**. Unto the mendyng of the hie waye at mylngrene betwyxt the 
lanes xx^ Also to the supprior of Chrystall and the conent of the 
same x* for mes and dirige. And also to the prior of Selby and 
the conent of the same x^ for mes and dirige. Also I bequeath unto 
S' Wittm Malleuerey knyght, and my cosyng Robert his sone, a 
mear and a fole. Also I will that one prest syng thre yeres at 
Armeley hall for my sauU and all gud frendis saulles, and he to haue 
in a yere vij markf, the whiche prest I wilbe S' Thomas Bryge, if 
he be so disposid, and if not, then suche able prest aft^ the discretion 
of Robert Malleveray and Henry Ardyngton. Also I will that my 
sone Xpofer Hopton haue my swerde and my bokler, and all my 
harnes, and my best gowne, whiche as he woU chuse, and my best 
doblett, and my sleueles coitte of blake veluet and damask, and my 
little blake nage. Also I will that Anne my wiffe haue all the 
household gudf that she brought with her, and all suche guddes as 
is goyng in one fermehold called Wawdon hede in Wensidayll, and 
one silu^ saulte chosse of ij of my awne, and vj sylu^ sponys of my 
awne, and one pare of bedis gawdied with golde, and xl marks of 
monye, a gray amblyng nagge that she dothe ryde one her selffe, a 
whitte awmblyng mare and a foil, vj kye and iiij whies, the best that 
she woU chuse if she be content therwith and make no ferther clame 
of my guddes ; and if she be not contentyd therwithe I will that she 
haue none of the bequestf afforesaid but as the law will giffe her. 
Also I bequeathe unto my brother Xpofer Hopton a bay hors whiche 
he bought of me, and my baye stagge to make hym a horsse of, and 
my gowne of Chamlett, if my sone Xpofer leve it, and my cremysyn 
veluet doublett, and my tawney damaske Jaket. And I bequeath 
unto Charts Hopton my blake furred gowne, my tawnye satten 
dublett, and my kendall Jakett or my marble Cotte, whether as he 
will, my best bonet, and my shert. Also I bequeathe unto Brigyd 
Walleworth xl*, and to my brother Marmaduke Vaueso"^ my white 
awmblyng Fille and my best bowe. And to my sunte Agnes 
Thistylethwate a kowe. And to Agnes Flansall iij* iiij*^. And to 
Margret Hawmond iij* iiij*^. And to James Thomson and to my 
syst^ his wyife iij^^ vj* viij**, of part of payment that he dothe owe me. 
And to S*" Robert Hopton my gray awmblyng stagge in the southe 
feylde. And to S"" Thomas Bryge vj^ viij<*. And to Wittm Fell a 
jakett, a pare of hose, and a pare of schowes and a doblett. And 
to John Mylner a jakett, a pare of hose, and a pare of shewes. 
Also I make myne executors of this my last will my sone Xpofer 
Hopton and my doughtor Elsabeth Hopton, to fulfill my will and 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 57 

pay my dettes and all my fun^all expenses. And thie to have the 

residewe of my guddes equally betwyxt them. And all suche costf 

and chargf as shalbe maid the day of my beryall be done aft^ the 

discretion of Maist^ Danby and S"^ William Malleuerey, whome I will 

reseue all suche gudf as shall remane to my sone xpofer and my 

doughto*" Elsabeth, and to put them in salue custodie in Christall 

Abbay by byll indentid, unto such tyme at the said xpofC and 

Elsabethe come unto the age of xxj**^ yeres, if the said Elsabeth be 

unmaryed, and if she be maried then I will that all suche goodf goo 

to her promotion and mariage. Also I will that my doughto^ Elsabeth 

haue all suche somnes of money as shalbe reseyuid of Maist^ Danby 

for mariage of my sone, that is to saye a hundreth poundes to her 

manage, and the Residewe to her fyndyng unto such tyme as she be 

mary^ and if the residewe will not fynde her to she be maryed, 

then I will that she be founde of suche goodis as shall remane to 

her by her porcon accordyng to my will. Also I will that S' WiH'm 

Malleuerey and Robert Malleu^ey and Henry Arthyngton haue the 

custodie and rewlle of ("my doughto"^ Elsabethe unto she be maryede 

or otherwajTS pmoted, and resaue all such somnes of money as shalbe 

paide by Maist^ Danby or his executors for the behoffe of my said 

doughto', and put in salue custodie in Christall Abbay by byll 

indentid betwyxt them and the said Abbay. And also I will that 

all suche gudes as shall fall to my executors at the day of my death 

by the vertue of this my will be sold or otherwais put to pfett by 

Maister Danby and S*" Wittm Malleu^ey after ther discretion, to thuse 

and most pfett of myne executors, if myn executors be not at that 

tyme at the fiill age of xxj yeres or otherways pmotid as is afforesaid, 

and the monye therfore so takyn to be put into the monasterie of 

ipall Abbay, by bill intendid betwyxt Master Danby and S' Wittm 

Malleu^ey and the said husse of Cristall as is afforesaid. Also I will 

that my wiffe haue xl weders that I send for to Wawdonhed, or els 

the price of them. Also I will that the day of my beriall on trentall 

of messes be song for my saull and all my gud frendf saules, and 

I will that eu^y prest that sais mes of the trentall haue viij**, and 

eu'y other prest iiij**, and eu^y pishe Clarke ij^ and eu^y boye j^. 

Also I will that therbe distribute unto pore people the day of my 

buriall x^S to be sent to eu^y townshipe within the pishe of Ledis 

aft^ the discretion and mynd of Master Danby and S' Wittm 

Malleu^y. Also I will that all suche anommentf as ar in my chapell 

at Armeley, as well the chales as other, remane styll in my said 

chapell. And if the Abbat of Cristall and the conent be content to 

haue one messe bouke whiche thie haue in custodie for the chales, 

the said challes to remane in my chapell, and if not the messe bouke 

to remane in my chapell. And I will that iiij nobills go to bye ane 

chales, and it to remane in the said chapell. Also I make sup^uisor 

of this my last will Maist^ 13anby and S*^ Robert Neuell, and I will 

that Mast^ Danby haue chosse of ray chrosse bowe and my litle 

home, whether as he will, and S' Robert Nevell to haue the other. — 

[Proved 4 August, 1533.] 



58 testamenta leodiensia. 

Robert Coventry, of Batley. 

(xi. 49.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : I Robert Couentrie, of pfite mynde and 
hoU will, maketh my testament and last Will the iij day of Octobre, 
in the yere of our Lord God a thowsande fyve hundreth xxxiij**, in 

man'' and forme folowyng My bodye to be beryed in my 

poche churche at Batley, my mortuarye to be paid accordyng to the 
[acte] of pleament. Also I giffe to Batlay church, to the kepyng of 
the organys, my new howsse and the housse in the lane. Also I 
giffe to Mawde Speghe my s'unt the valew of xx* of suche gudf as 
my wiffe may best part w^. Also I giffo to Anne Couentre a whye 
of iij yeres olde. The residew of my goodf and landf not legat, 
my fun^all expences maid and my dettf paid, I giffe to my wiffe, 
whiche wiffe and Maist*^ John Deghton I make my executors of this 
my last will the day and yere abowne said. Theis men wittnessyng, 
S"" Umfray Maill, my curatt, Robert Wilby, Ekiwarde Coplay, Henry 
Wilby, with othir. — [Proved i December^ i533-] 



John Clarkson, of Batley. 

fix. 55 b.) 

In Dei Noie Amen: I John Clarkson, of p^fitt will and holl 
mynd, makis my testament and last will the ix^ day of Aprill, in the 

yere of our Lorde God a thowsand Five hundreth xxxiij my 

body to be beried at my pishe churche at Batlay, my mortuarie to 
be paid accordyng to the acte of plyment. Also I giffe to the 
sacrement for forgotten tithes iiij**. lo the churche warke vj* viij**. 
To Jennet Jagger a yonge cowe. To John Jagger a yewe and a 
lame and a whie. To Agnes Jagger a whye. The residewe of my 
guddf not legat, my fun^all expences maid and my dettf paid, I giffe 
to my wiffe and to my sone Wittm, and my sone Richard to haue 
a part with them. My said wiffe and my sone Wilifm I make my 
executors of this my last will. Wittenessyng, John Nailer and Richard 
Webster, with other. — [Proved 3 May^ i533> ^ Matilda the relict and 
William the son of deceased^ 

John Byscham, of Harewood. 
C«. 56 a.) 
In *Dei nomine Amen : I John Byscham, of Harwod, in the 

countie of Yorke, Yoman my bodie to be buried in the 

churche yerde of all Sanctf in Harwode afforesaid. I bequeath to 
the blissed sacrement of the Aulter xx^ for tythes forgotten and 
offeryng necligently forgotten. To the pishe churche of Harwod ij 
torchis and a kercheffe to the crosse. To the iiij orders of Freres 
in Yorke iiij*, and to Sanct Rott, of Knaysburgh, xij**, and to haue a 
trentall of messis done for my saull and my wiffe saull and all xpen 
saulls, and also to haue a dirige, and eu^y chantre prest to haue vj*^, 
and thie to feche me from my howse to the churche. Also I gife 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 59 

to Henry Byscham my sone all my intrest and reght of all my 
fermeholdf, and my dettf paid, and my chargis deducte and paide. 
The residewe of my guddf not bequethid, my legacie pformyd and 
fiilfiUid, I giffe frely to Henry my sone, and my brother, vicar of 
Whiell, whome I orden and make my executors of this my last will 
and testament, and thye to distribute and dispose my said guddf as 
it shalbe seme to them, so as may be most to the onor of God and 
to the helthe of my saull, and I giffe and bequeath to my brother 
Vicar for his labor & pane vj* viij**. Wittenes of this my last will 
and testament, Sir WiiJm Preston, John Pye, Henry Grene, with diuers 
other. Writtyn and maid in my house at Harwod aforsaid the viij'*» 
day of Apriell, in the yere of oure Lord Gode a thowsand five 
hundrethe xxxiij**», in the xxiiij yere of the reyne of Kyng Henry the 
cghL— [/V^?i«^ 1 6 May, 1533.] 

Agnes Burton, of Sherburn. 

(ix. 57 a.) 

In the name of God Amen: the xx'** day of Februarie, in the 
yere of our Lord God one thousand five hundreth xxxj. I Agnes 
Burton, of Shereburne, wedow, beyng of hoU mynde and memory, 
make this my testament and last will in man^ and forme folowyng. 
First I bequeath my saull to Allmyghti God, and to our lady sanct 
Mary and to all the holy companye of heven, and my body to be 
buried in the mydle Allye, before the crucifix in the pishe churche 
of All Sanctf, in Sherburne in Ellmet. Also I bequethe to mast^ 
Vicar for and in the name of my mortuarye a Cowe, and for my 
tythes forgotten xij«*. Itm I bequeath to the warkf of the cathedrall 
churche of Sanct Peter in Yorke viij<*. Itm I bequeathe to the iiij 
orders of Freres within the citye of Yorke viij<*. Itm I bequeth to 
the chapell of the holye Trinitie in Barkeston iij* iiij^. Itm to the 
mantenyng of the leght in our lady Chapell in Sherburne iij" iiij^. 
Itm I bequeath to the churche warkf of Shereburn iij" iiij*^. Itm I 
will that S[ir] Robert Ardyngton syng for my sauUe, my husbandf 
saulles, and my children sauUes, and all xpen saulles for the space of 
on holl yere, and he to haue for his wagis vij mkf, paid by my 
executors. Itm I bequeath to Agnes Rawdon fourty shillyngf. Itm 
I will haue at the day of my buriall for my saull and all xpen saulls 
xliij* iiij<*. Itm I bequeath to my doughto'^ Elisabethe Sallay my best 
beddf, one golde ryng, with a TapaSion. To Isabell Sallay my 
doughto' one pece of sylu^ one gold Ryng, enamellid. To S' WiiJm 
Fenteman, prest, one golde ryng, not enamallid. Itm I will that my 
cosyn Edward Barkeston and S[ir] Wittm Fenteman be sup^uisors 
of this my last will and testament, and thie and ether of them to 
haue forty pencf in gold. The Residew of my guddis not bequethed, 
my dettf paid, and legacies and fun^allf fullfillid and done, I giffe 
and bequeth to Elsabeth and Isabell my doughtors, whom I orden 
and make myne executrices of this my last will and testament 
Thies wittenessis, S[ir] Wittm Skynner and S[ir] Robert Ardyngton, 
chapplens, et ^\}%.— {Proved 31 May^ 1532.] 



6o testamenta leodiensia. 

John Dawson, of Sherburn. 
(57 b.) 
In the name of God Amen : the xiiij*** day [of] January, the yere 
of our Lorde Gode one thousand five hundreth thertie and one. I 
John Dawson, hoU of mynde and gude memorie, dothe make and 
orden my testament and last will in forme folowyng. First I giffe 
and bequeath my saull to my saueo*" Jfeu Crist, my bodie to be 
buryed in the pishe churche of All Sanctf, in Sherburn. Also I giffe 
and bequeath for and in the name of my mortuarie xiij* iiij**. To 
the heghe alter for my tithes necligfitly forgotten xij*^. Also I gif to 
the churche warke of Sherborn v*. Also I giffe to the upholdyng of 
our ladies chapell standyng in Shereburn churche yerd iij* iiij^. Also 
I giffe to the rep*rynge of Feribrige Cawsey iij* iiij^. To the Reparyng 
of the heghe way towardf Ledis, calde Salter lone, iij" iiij^. To M"* 
[mistress] Sibell Ottf iij^ iiij<*. To Agnes Fomes, Jennet Craw, 
Kateren Bywatter, my doughters, all my houssehold gudf. To my 
Sonne Thomas the wode standyng and grovyng in one croft, callid 
Pall garthe, at Mylforth and vj** xiij* iiij*^, of this condicon, that if my 
said sone Thomas do make imedeatly aft^ my decesse a lawfull and 
assure a state of and in all the landf whiche his susters haith of the 
gifte of ther mother by fyne surrender to thusse of theme for terme 
of ther lives at suche tyme or tymes that S[ir] Wittm Fentyman, 
Peter Haull, and John Wodhous shall require, or els this my said 
bequest to be voyde and of none effecte, and it to be distributid 
emongf my said doughters. Itm I giffe to my doughter Jennet x". 
Also I giffe to Wittm Fentyman, prest, one Angell nobyll. Itm I 
giffe to Peter Haull one angell nobill. To John Wodhous one angell 
nobill, whome I make sup^uiso'*s of this my last will and testament 
Residew of my gudf, my dettf paid, my will fulfillid, my fun^all 
doone, I giffe unto Thomas my sone, Richard Fumes, Robert Craw, 
and John Bywater, whome I make my executors. Thies wittenessis. 
Sir Wittm Skynner, my curat, John Sykf, Robert Alkynson, with 
other. — [Proved 15 February^ 1531-2.] 



Thomas Rawson, of Featherstone. 

(xL 60 a.) 

In Dei nomine Amen: the xxx day of May, in the yere of our 
Lord God a thousand five hundreth xxxiij. I Thomas Rawson, of 
Fetherstone, seke of Bdy and hoU of mynde, makf this my testament 
and will in forme folowyng. First I bequeath my saull to God 
Allmyghti, and to our Lady Sanct Mary, and to all the holy company 
in heven, and my body to be beried within the churche of Fetherston 
before our lady. First I bequeth to the hye aulter viij<*. Also I 
bequeath to our lady suys vj* viij**, of the whiche there is in the 
handis of James More sevyntene grotf and ij**. Also I bequeath to 
Richard my sone ij stottf, one callid grenehome and the other 
blakman, and also iiij yewys and wode to make hym a pleughe and 
wane of. To Robert Emlay my best yewe lame. Also I make maist^ 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 6 1 

Hipperon and my brother Robert superuisors of my will, and I giffe 
to maist^ Hippon one colt foole, amblyng and mere it dame, if he 
will take her, and I desyre hym to be good maist^ to my wif and to 
my childer, and if chaunce be that any of them dy that ther part 
shalbe deuydid amongf the other of my childer. Also I make Jennet 
my wiffe and Wittm my sone executors, that thie dispose for me as 
I haue put them in trust The resydewe of my goodf, my dettf 
paid and fun^all expensis maid, I giffe to my wiffe and my childer. 
Also if my wiffe be with childe I giffe unto hit xl* of my part more 
then to any of the other. Moreou^ I giffe to my brother Robert 
my shepe. Theis being wittenes, S[irJ Edward Wormall, maist^ 
Wittm Frost, Maist' Richard Hippon, Robert Usshir, Robert Shelyto, 
and Robert Rawson, with other moo. — [Proved 12 July^ ^533-] 



Margaret Sharpe, of Methley. 

(jci 63 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xiiij'** day of January, in the 
ycre of our Lord Gode Mkixxxij. I Margaret Sharpe, of a hoU witt 
and mynde, makf this my will and testament of this man^. The 
ferst I bequeth my saull to God Allmyghty and to his blissid moder 
Mary and to all the blissid sanctf in heven, and my body to be 
beried in the churche yerd of Sanct Oswalde of Methlay. To the 
hee Aulter within the said churche vj*^. Also to our ladie light iiij^. 
Also to the rode iiij**. Also the pleughe leght iiij<*. Also to the 
use of Sancte Margret sluice within the said churche one whye, and 
to eu^y one of my god childer iiij^. Also to my cosyng George 
Sharpe one oxe, one stage, and one oxe styrke. And to Jane Sherpe 
one half qrt^ of mault and one great panne. And to George 
Sherpe, Margret Sherpe, Agnes Sherpe, Kateren Sharpe, and Anne 
Sherpe, eu^y one one shepe. Also to Jennet Sherpe the grether, one 
chist and one kyrcheffe. And to Agnes hir sust^ one gowne. Also 
to Richard Sharpe one shepe. And to Margret his suster one shepe. 
And to Robert Sherpe, sone of Richard Sharpe, one whie. Also to 
Elsabeth Duffan one whie. And to Robert Sharpe, sone of Henry 
Sherpe, one mere. And to John Duffan one oxe styrke. And also 
George Gawkroger one whie stirke. Also to S[ir] Robert Ward one 
cowe. The resydue of all my guddf I giffe to my cosyng Agnes 
Sherpe and Anne Doffan, the whiche Agnes and Anne I orden and 
makf my lauffuU executrices. Witte.nes wherof is S[ir] Richard 
Shanne, George Sharpe, and John Dobson. — [Proved 21 August, ^SZZ-] 



Richard Lound, of Methley. 

(xL 63.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxix^ day of July, in the yere 
of our Lord Jhu mWxxxiij. I Richard Lound, of a gud will and 
boU m3md9 makith this my will and testament of this man^ folowyng. 
The ferst I bequethe my saull to God Almyghtie and to his bliss^ 



62 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

mother Mary and to all the blissed sanctf in hevn, and my body to 
be beryed within the churche yerd of sanct Oswald of Methley. 
Also I bequethe to the hee ault^ of the said churche iij* iiij**. Also 
to all the sanctf leght in the said churche iij* iiij**. Also to the vse 
of Sanct Margarett sluice in the said churche iij» iiij<*. Also to the 
mendyng of the newe bryge iij* iiij^. Also to one lone beyond the 
said brige iij* iiij«*. Also to the house of the freres of Pomfrett, to 
the entent that thaye shall celebrate fyve messis for my sauU and all 
xpen saulles, xx**. Also I witt to Alicie Symes one cowe, one whie 
of ij yeres old, one couplet, one blanket, one shette. Also I will that 
Jennet my wiffe have good and honest kepyng and fyndyng of all 
the residue of my guddis induryng hir liffe naturall. And aft^ the 
deth of the said Jennet my wiffe, the Residue of all my gudf I 
will that thie remaine to Helis Burton and Aicie my doughto*", whome 
I make my lawful! executors. Also I will that if my said goodis 
will not extend to the necessarye fyndyng of the said Jenet my wiffe, 
then I will that she haue sufficient sustentacon and kepyng of all 
my landf whiche I am possesid in at the day offorsaid, the whiche 
afForesaid landf, after dethe of Jennet my said wiffe, I will that they 
remaine to the said Ellis Burton and Alice my doughter and to 
there heres of there bodies lawfully begotten for eu^. Wittenes herof 
is S"* Richard Shanne, S*^ Thomas Burton, John Pullayne, George 
Sharpe, John Dobson and Robert E\\\s\ey,—{Pr&ved 21 August, 1533.] 



John Thomson, of Holbeck. 
(65 a.) 
In the name of God Amen : the xiiij'** day of August, in the yere 
of our Lord God one thowsande five hundreth xxxiij. I John 
Thomson, of Holbeke, in countye of York, beyng holl of mynd, and 
make this my testament and last will in man^ and forme folowyng. 
First I bequeath my saull to God AUmyghty, to our blissed lady 
Sanct Mary the Virgen, and to all the holy Sanctis in hevyn, my 
lK)dy to be buried within the pishe churche of Sancte Petre in Ledis. 
Also I gyffe unto the heghe aulter in the said churche, in recompence 
of tythes forgotton, xijC Itm to the Abbay called Mewsse, in 
recompense of any wrong to that housse by me done and to be 
praid for, x*. Also I giffe to the Trinytes in Yorke in lyke man^ 
yj" viij**. Also I will that my executors shall giffe unto some pore 
prest to pray for my saull v*. Also I will that Katryne my wiffe 
shall haue duryng the terme of hir liffe all my fermeholdis intrest 
and lease of all the howsis, landes, medowys, and closis whiche I 
haue in lesse of the prio' and coftent of the monastery of the 
trynytyes in Yorke, in Holbeke, and elswhere in the countye afforesaid, 
except one annvall rent of xx^ which I will that Elsabeth Bvnnye, 
wedow, layt the wiffe of Richard Bunnye, of Wakfeld, the eldre, 
decessed, haue receyve of one housse, with thappurtenancis in 
Holbeke, now in the teno*^ of coscen Mathew, duryng hir liffe, 
accordyng to one promes maid unto her, as dothe apere in certaine 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 63 

wrytyng maid betwyxt hir and me, and after hir decesse to Katheren 
my wiffe, if she liffe after hir. Also I will that after the decesse of 
Katren my wiffe that the housse in the whiche coscen Mathew now 
dwellith, with all the londis, dosses, medowes, and pastures theronto 
belongyng shall remayne to John Thomson my dough ter and to hir 
assignes duryng my holl terme. Also I will that in medyatly aft^ 
the decesse of Katren myne wyffe that Phillipe Cowper my doughter 
shall haue other housse in the whiche George Sande"^ new dwellyng, 
and one closse to the said housse belongyng, duryng the terme of sex 
yeres, and after that to thusse of my doughter Johane Thomson and 
hir assignes. Also duryng my holl terme I will that one cotage in 
the whiche Richard Torno"^ now dwellith, shall after the decesse of 
Kateren my wiffe, remane to the prest syngyng in Holbeke Chapell 
for the terme of ij full yeres, to pray for my saull and my wyffe, and 
after that to Nicholas Stubbe for the terme of eght yeres, and after 
that to thusse of George my sone and his assignes duryng my holl 
terme. Further I will that myne afforesaid sone George shall haue 
the therd partt with myne executors of the pte of my goodis that 
belongyth to the executors aft^ the ordre of the law ouer and besides 
his childes parte, my dettf before paid, if he will be ordryd by Charles 
Jakson and Thomas Hardwyke, and els he to haue his childes part 
and noo more of my goodis. Also I giffe unto my doughter Phillype 
two oxe styrke. The residewe of all my gudes afore not gyfne then 
bequethid I giffe to Kathren my wiffe and John Thomson my 
doughter, whome I make my executrices, and the sup^uisor of my 
will thafforsaid Charls Jakson and Thomas Hardwyke. There beyng 
wittenesse, Thomas Rawdon, George Sawe, Henry Thornton, John 
Webster, Wittm Coldcoylle and other. — [Proved 15 September^ 1533.] 



Thomas Angrome, Priest, of Spofforth. 

(xL 70 b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen: the yere of our Lord a thowsand five 
hundreth xxxiij***, and the xxiij^ day of January. I S[ir] Thomas 
Angrome, prest of our ladies gilde in Spofford churche, makf my 
testament and will in this man^ and forme folowyng. First I bequeath 
my saull to God Almyghty, and to our ladie Sanct Marie, and to all 
the holie companye of heven, and my bodie to be buried within the 
churche yerd of my pishe churche of Alhallos in Spofforth. Itm I 
bequeath to one prest to syng a trentall of messis for my saull and 
all ipen salles at our ladis alt^, that I said mes at my self, viij*. 
Itm I bequeath to Thomas Angrome, scoler, my kynsman, all my 
bokf in Spofforth churche and in my chambre, except my newe 
courchers, the whiche I bequeath to Spofforth churche, to the 
mantenyng of Godf sluice, and to be praid for. Itm I will that the 
said courcher remane at our ladis aulter to my successor, and he to 
haue the custodie of it to the use of Godf sluice. Itm I bequeth 
to the bying of vj» viij^ land or more to an augmentacon of the said 
chauntre of our Ladis gilde, to be praid for eu^more, pleggf, dettf , or 



64 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

monye, xx nobils. Itm 1 bequeath to Thomas Angrome a maser and 
a riall, a nobill, a foldyng spone and my best gowne. Itm I bequeath 
to John my kynsman a riall, a nobill, a silu^ dight home, ij sylu^ 
sponys. Itm I bequeath to Elsabeth my kynswoman a Riall, a 
nobill, and ij sylu^ sponys. Item I bequeath to Isabell my 
kynswoman a Riall, a nobill, and ij sylu^ sponys and my second 
gowne. Itm I bequeath to Agnes my kynswoman a riall, a nobill, 
and ij silu^ sponys. Itm the residue of all my goodis moueable and 
unmoueable unbequethid, and not witt my will fulfillid, my dettf 
paid and my fun^all expeni deducte, I give to Thomas Angrome my 
kynsman, whome I orden and makf my holl executor of this my last 
will, that he orden and dispose it for the helth of my saull to hym 
and his frendf where' the most ned is and the best to be done. 
Itm I orden Sir John Watson, James Middilbruke, Robert Ball and 
Robert Ledis superuisors of this my last Will, that thie see that it 
be performed, and thie to haue as it pleasith my executor. Item 
wittenes herof, Parcivall Jenkynson, Robert Parke, Richard Wryght, 
with other moo. — [^Proved 28 February^ ^ 533-4-] 



John Woodburn, Bailiff, of Spofforth. 

(xL 80 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xiij'** daye of Aprill, in the yere of our 
Lord God Myxxxiij'**. I John Wodburne, the Balif of Spofford, 
beyng of a hoole mynde and a hoole memorie and reason, ordens 
and makf this my testament and last Will in this maner of forme 
foloing. First I bequeath my sail to Almyghtie God, to our blissid 
ladie sancte Marie Virgyn, and to al the holy company in hevyn, 
and my bodie to be beried in the churche or churche yerde of 
Alhalos in Spofford aforsaid. Itm I bequeath to the psone of the 
said churche or to his pctor certen of my goodf in the name of my 
mortuary, accordyng to the acte therof last maid as the Inventary of 
my said goodf doith extende in dischardging of my conscientie 
aneynst God and my sail. Itm I bequeath to the reparacons and 
upholdyng the said churche vj* viij^. Itm I bequeath to Sir Thomas 
Angrom and other too honest prestf xv* to pray for my sail and my 
good frendes saules and al cristen saules. Itm I bequeath to John 
Wodburn, my broder William son, on yoke of stottf or els on mare 
and pte of my rayment, as my wif shall thinke best to be done. It 
I bequeath to John Mydlebroke a fely fole. Itm I bequest to 
Alison my wif and Katerine my doughto^ all my good will and 
copies, with all other thingf as is nowe due unto me and right, 
accordyng to the costom of the maner concernyng all my fermholdes 
in Spofford lordshipe, that is to saye, the house that I doo dwell in 
and the care, and also Waltonhed, and to the longer lyver of them. 
It I gif and bequeath unto Kateryn my doughto"^ on house, with all 
that belongf unto hit lyeng in Glanton in Northumberland, beyng in 
the pishe of Whittingfem, to hir and hir heires for eu^ Also I gif 
and bequest to John Wodburn, my brode*^ William son, all my title 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 65 

and right of all my landes the whiche is in traves, and haith been 
betwixt me and the prior of Gisburne and the chauntre prest of 
Chest^, the whiche landf lieth in Wodbum, in Redesdale, and in 
Tnitlyngton, Crisdon, Seiton, and Newbigyng, in Northumbreland, to 
hym and to his heires for eu^ Itm I bequeath unto William my 
brode' a ledde' dublett of roobukeskynnes and a jacket and a paire 
of hoise. Itm I bequest unto eu^yon of my breder William childer 
a yow and a lame. It I bequest unto John Camby and to his wif 
foure poundes sterling in relesing and forgyveyng hym in parte of 
payment of fourteyne poundes of his dette that he doith owe unto 
me. Itm I bequest unto Edmude Mydlebruke wif on whie and to 
cu'y of hir childC on lame. Itm I bequest unto Nicholas Camby 
on cowe and a calf, and to remane in the gou^nance of his grandame 
or Katerine his aunte to the tyme that he come to yeres of 
discretion. And al other the residue of my goodf afore not gyven 
and bequest, I frely gyve and bequest unto Alison my wif and 
Katerine my doughto*", al my dettf paid and fun^all expenses 
discharged, whom I orden and make myne executrices to order and 
dispose for the helth of my saull as they shall seme the best. Thies 
beyng wittenes, Sir Thomas Angrome, prest, Edmude Myddilbroke, 
John Bradforth, John Smyth, and James Myddilbroke, with other moo. 
Yeven the daye and yere aboue. — [Proved 30 May, 1633.] 



Richard Ryley, of Harewood. 

(xi. 82 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen: the xv**» day of the moneth of Marche, in 
the yere of our lord God M^xxxij^**. I Richarde Ryley, of hoole 
mynde and good remembrance, makith my testament and last Will 
in this maner and forme folowyng. First I gif and bequeath my 
saull unto Allmyghtie God, and to our lady sancte Marie, and to 
all the sanctf in hevyn, and my body to be beried within the churche 
garth in what pishe that it shall please God me forto departe. Also 
I gif and bequeathe unto on honeste prest vij mark^ forto syng on 
hoole yere for my sail and al cristen saulles where it shall please 
God my body to be beried at the assignement of my executors. Itm 
I gif and bequeath unto eu^y preist that comys unto my dirige and 
sais messe the day of my beriall vf. To eu^y scolar that comys 
unto my dirige and helpes to syng messe j^. Itm I gif and bequeath 
to eu'y child that Cristofer Beisley haith nowe at this tyme of lif 
v}» viij<*. Itm I ^f and bequeath unto M** Thomas Vavaso', of 
Copinthorpe, vj* viij**. Unto Thomas Wynpere x*. To Cristofer 
Bcaslcy vj» viij<*. Unto the brede^ of Bolton forto syng one messe 
and dirige for my sail and al cristen saules vij* vj^, forto be equaly 
diuided emongf them, and to be maid a brodc emongf them in their 
bookf. Itm I do make, constitute and orden the above named 
Cristofer Beisley, Thomas Vavaso*^ and Thorns Wynspere my executors 
of this my testament and last will, forto dispose, order and rule the 
residue of all my goodf and cattalles unbequeathed for the most 



66 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

helthe of my sail afte^ their discretion, and forto the helping of my 
broder William Ryley aud my suste*" Wynspere wif. Thies wittenes, 
Sir William Hardyng, prest, Mathew Harteley, William Edmudson, 
with other moo, the daye and yere aboue writyn. — \^Proved 8 May^ 
I533-] 



William Mitteley, of Little Preston. 

(xL 83 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xiij'*» daye of Marche, the yere 
of our lorde God M'dxxxij. I William Mitteley, of little Preston, of 
the pishe of Kepax, within the countie of Yorke, husbandman, hool 
of body and good remembrance, makf this ray last Will afte' this 
maner of forme foloing. First I bequeath my saull to God Almyghtie, 
and to o"* lady sancte Marie, and to all the holie company of hevyn, 
and my body to be beried in the churche yerde of Kepax. Also I 
bequeath to the blissid sacrament for forget tyn tithes xij*^. Also 
I will that eu^yon of my v daughtors that is unmaried haue iiij'* to 
their barne parte. Also I will that M'garet my wif and Thomas 
Mitteley my son haue my fermhold that I haue by lease as my 
neburghes hais of o'' maiste' Sir Arthur Hopton, knyght, evynly 
betwyxt them after my decesse to the take or lease be fully endid, 
without the said Margarete do marie agayne within the said yeres, 
and than the said Margarete for to depte without any trobling with 
my sone Thomas Mitteley, and than the said Margarete to haue my 
house in Kepax that I haue ther by copyhold afte*" the costome of 
the courte, now in the holdyng of Henry Elome, and the said Thomas 
Mytteley to kep upe the said house with strawthake at al tymes. 
And also the said M^garete to haue my land at Rothwell, afte"* the 
costome of the man^, now in the holding of William Knyght, during 
the lif of the said Margarete, and afte"^ hir lif nafall to retorne unto 
Thomas Myttelay my son, and if he dye without ishue of his body 
lawfully begottyn, that then it is to retorne to the right heires of my 
body lawfully begottyn. Also I will that Margaret my wif and 
Thomas Mitteley my son be my executors to fulfill this my will, that 
M'garete my wif to haue the custodie of Gracie Mytteley and 
Beatrice Mitteley my doughtors, and their barne partf to they be 
xviij yeres of age, and then either of them to haue iiij^* for their 
partf (if they demande it) by the advise of freindes. Also I will 
that Thomas Mytteley my son to haue Isabelle Mytteley and Janet 
Mytteley my doughtors in his custod)^ to they be xviij'** yere of adge, 
and then aither of them to haue iiij*» for their partf (if they demande 
it) by the advise of frendf. Also I will that Jane my doughto"^ haue 
foure poundes for hir parte at suche tyme as she and hir frendes 
can helpe her to some good succor Also I will that Margarete my 
wif and Thomas Myteley my son haue the residue of my goodf 
afte'^ that I be broughte furth, my dettf paid and my will fulfiUid, 
they to diuide theis goodf that leveth evynly betwyxt them without 
any discorde of aither ptie. Wittenes herof, Arthur Dyneley, gentilman, 
the balif, Richard Chamer, John Shakilton, John Newton, John Listed 
with other. — [Proved 28 January^ ' 533-4-] 



testamenta leodiensia. 67 

Agnes Coventry, of Batley. 

(xi 84 b.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : I Agnes Couentre, of p^fitte mynd and 
hoole will, makf my testament and last will the xvj*** day of 
Nouembre, in the yere of our lord God Mdxxxiij^**, in man^ and 
forme foFowyng. First I gif my sail to God Almyghtie, to our blissid 
Lady, and to all the holye company of hevyn, my body to be beried 
at ray pishe churche at Batteley, my mortuary to be paid accorddyng 
to the acte of pliament. Also I gif to John Dransfeld iij* iiij^. Also 
1 will that the gifte that my husband gave to the churche of 
Batteley stand by my gifte as welle as by his. The residue of my 
good not legate, my fun^allf maid and my dettf paid, I gif to 
Maiste' John Dighton to dispose for my sail, whome I make my 
executor of this my last will the daye and yere abouesaid. Theis 
men wittenesyng. Sir Umfray Maile, my curate, Edward Coplay, John 
Bumell, with other. — [Proved i December^ '533] 



Rowland Chamber, of Collingham. 

(xi. 85 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : Anno D'ni Mittmo qui'gen*"^ 
trigesimo scdo et quito die mensis Marcij. Ego Rollandus Chamer, 
comix>s mentis et sane memorie, condo testamentu meu in hu'c 
modum. First I bequeath my sail to God Almyghtie, o*" lady sancte 
Marie, and al ihe sanctf in hevyn, my body to be buried in my pishe 
churche of Colyngham afore o' Lady. I will the churche haue on 
vesiyment. I will that the Vicar of Colinghm haue my best good 
for tithes forgettyn, so that he clame nought for or by the statute 
last maide in dischardge of mortuaries. Also I will that one pst 
syng half on yere at Colynghm for my sail, my fade' sail, and mode'" 
and all good frendf salles. It I bequeath ij torches to Colyngfem 
churche. Also I bequeath to Margarete Cham^ my s^uante on whie 
of three yeres old. And I bequeath to eu^y of my s^uantf xij^, 
besides their wadges. It I will that Oswald my son haue my portes 
(if he be prest), and if not then to any of my sones that is prest. 
Also I make my executors my wif, Cristofer Chamer, Oswald Chamer, 
lliomas Cham^, Leonarde and Margarete, my childer, my executors. 
Also I will the residue of my goodf, my fun^all expenses, my dettes 
and bequestis discharged, be equally diuided emongest my childer 
equaly. Also I make Xpofer Marshall supviso*" of this my last will 
and testament. Witenes, the Vicar, Cristofer Marshall, and Henry 
Somond. Also I will that Cristofer Marshall haue on whie for his 
labo'. — [Proved 18 November, '533-] 



John Rodlev, of Pontefract. 

(xi. 86 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxvj**» day of Marchc, in the 
yere of our Ix)rd God Mdxxxiij*^ I John Rodlay, of Pomfrete, 



68 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

hoole of mynd and good remembrance, makf this my last will and 
testament in this maner and forme foloing. First I gif and bequeath 
my sail to God Almyghtie and to our Lady Sancte Marie and to all 
the holie company of hevyn, and my body to be beried in the kirke 
garth of Alhalos in Pontefracte. Itm I gif and bequeath to the hie 
altar at the pishe churche of Pontefract for my tithes forgetyn xx**. 
Itm I gif and bequeath to Anne, Margaret, Isabelle and Edwarde, 
my childe^, to eu^yon of them xl* of the which sm of viij^^ to be takyn 
of the rentf of my land lyeng in Pudsey within the space and terme 
of ten yeres, and eu^y on of them to haue their porcon as it is said 
afore, xl*, as it maybe takyn yerely of my said landf and tenementf 
in Pudsey. Itm I will y^ Anne my wif haue hir dowry of my said 
landf duryng hir lif. Also I gif and bequeath all my landf and 
tenementf in Pudsey to Anne my wif for the terme of ten yeres 
next comyng, forto p^forme and fulfill this my will as hit doithe 
appere in my deide of gifte. Also I gif to Anne my doughto*" a 
bordcloth vj yerdes lang. Itm I gif to Edwarde my son al my toles 
belonging to my occupacon, with the sheif of tymbre. Itm I bequeath 
to Lionell my son al the rest of my arrowe tymbre, or els the said 
Edward to gif to the said Lionell in money to the valo*" of the rest 
of the said tembre. Itm I gif to Lionell my son a salett Jake, a 
pare of splentf, and a swerde. The residue of my goodf aboue not 
bequeathed, my dettf, my funu^al expenses the day of my beriall, I 
gif them frely to Anne Rodley my wif, whome I orden and makf 
my executrix. Wittenes herof. Sir Edward Carvar, curate, Thomas 
Chales, John Eddrington, Richard Heryson, Thomas Eddrington, 
with other moo, the day and yere aboue writyn. — [^Proved 3 December^ 
IS33-] 



Thomas Ingle, of East Keswick. 

(xL 99 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : in the yere of oure Lord God a 
thousand ^wt. hundreth and xxxiiij. I Thomas Ingill, of Est Keswick, 
of holl mynde, makith this my last will and testament in man^ and 
forme folowyng. First I bequeath my saull to God Allmyghty, oure 
lady sanct Mary, and all the sanctf in heven, my bodye to be beried 
in Harwod kirke garthe. Itm I bequethe Sir Wittm Prestorf to pray 
for my saull vj* viij^. Item I bequeath to Robert Yngill x*. Itm I 
bequeath to Percyuall my sone and his wiffe my croppe of corne in 
the laythe and my corne growyng in the feldf. To the same 
P^cyuall viij oxen and wanys, pluys, cowpes, yokf , and temys, and all 
other thyng that therto belong, and sex yong nawte, some of iij yere 
olde and some of ij yeris olde. Itm I bequeath to James Yngill, the 
sone of Wittm Yngill, a whie. To Wittm Yngill, the sone of Rauf 
Yngill, a whie. Itm to Thomas Yngill, the sone of Parcyuall, a 
whye. I make my executor's Agnes my wif, Wittm, Rauffe and 
Percyuall Yngill, my sones, of this my last will. Wittenes, Wittm 
Smytbe and John Gayton. — {Proved 20 May^ 1534.] 

G. D. LuMB. 



3u»ttte's ^oitSotik of 
Cairtaitt 3oiw J|ttketmg, 1656^0, 



Captain John Pickering, the writer of the note-book of which 
the first portion is printed below, resided at Tingley House, near 
Woodkirk, and was an officer of some note during the Common- 
wealth, serving as a captain of dragoons. He married Deborah, 
daughter of Horace Eure, and sister to George and Ralph, successively 
Lord Eure. The births of Captain Pickering's children are entered 
in the Woodkirk Register, with one exception, and are as follows : — 
Bethia, bom 4 November, 1652; Bathshua, bom 12 May, 1654; 
Hannah, born 6 March, 1655-6, and buried 13 February, 1656-7, in 
the Topcliife burying ground; Mercy, baptized at Topcliffe Chapel, 
12 August, 1657; and Elizabeth, bom i April, and buried 17 April, 
1659, at Topcliffe. 

Bethia was married at Woodkirk Church on the 30th July, 1673, 
to Joseph Sykes, of Leeds, merchant, whose niece, Anna, third 
daughter of his eldest brother, Richard Sykes, of Leeds, married 
Ralph Thoresby. 

Bathshua was married to John Lister, dissenting minister, on the 
15 November, 1682 (ffeywood's Register)^ and was buried at Tingley, 
24 February, 1732-3. 

Mercy was married to Thomas Elston, minister at Topcliffe, on 
the 3rd February, 1685-6, at Woodkirk Church, and two of their 
children were baptized there, viz. Hananiah, 15 January, 1695-6, and 
Joseph, 10 February, 1696-7.* 

Captain Pickering died on the i8th of April, 1699, aged 74, and 
his wife Deborah died 5 November, 1693, aged 69, and they are both 
interred at the burying ground at Tingley. The site was near his 

* Thoresby*s Dmatus LeodiensiSy p. 1 8, Hunter's Fatniliae Minorum Gentium 
marldan Society), p. 153, and the Topcliffe and MorUy Registers^ ed. by Wm. 
Smith, giYC further particulars of the family. The Rev. John Freeman, vicar of 
Woodkirk, has kindly allowed extracts to be taken from the Registers in his custody. 



70 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

residence, and was presented by him to his co-religionists. His 
tombstone may still be seen there, with four others,^ in a plantation 
on the crest of a small ridge and near to a pond. 

In 1642, although then apparently only 18 or 19 years old, 
Pickering was employed by Parliament on an expedition into Scotland, 
and a warrant was issued on the 28 February, 1642-3, by the 
Committee of Safety of the Kingdom, to the Treasurer of the Army, 
to pay to him ;;£i8o for expenses. That amount was still unpaid 
on the 3 November, 1643, as on that date another Warrant was 
issued to the Treasurer of Wars to pay ;£^ioo out of the money 
received by him from Anthony Wither, being the proceeds of a silver 
cistern seized from Sir Richard Hubbard, to Mr. John Pickering, in 
part payment of ^180 due to him for service in Scotland. The 
;£*ioo was duly paid, and on the 11 November, 1643, Edward Pickering 
gave a receipt for it, by payment of William Jessop, to the use of his 
brother, John Pickering. 

On the 6 May, 1645, i^ ^^ ordered by the Committee of both 
Kingdoms that Pickering should receive two months* pay as a captain 
of dragoons, out of the ;;£40o raised upon granado shells. 

On the 4 September, 1645, the Committee wrote to Robert, Earl 
of Warwick, that they had heard and determined the difference 
between Captains Pickering and Langrish concerning the troop raised 
out of the overplus horse of the several counties, and found that 
Captain Pickering was nominated by the Committee of the Eastern 
Association, having power to do so by ordinance, and he had 
accordingly received a commission from this Committee to command 
that troop. They desired the Earl to give order accordingly to that 
troop to march under the command of Captain Pickering. On the 
6 May, 1646, Pickering was despatched with his troop to King's 
Lynn. 

Pickering is not mentioned again in the Calendars of State Papers, 
from which the preceding extracts are taken, until after Cromwell's 
death, when, on the 9 July, 1659, ^^ was required to report the 
number and condition of his troop and place of rendezvous. 

He and others signed a petition to Cromwell, dated at York, 
8 January, 1655-6, for instructions respecting various persons in office 
not well affected to the "publique peace and p'sent government, and 
to the good people who contributed their assistance in time of 

^The inscriptions on the tombstones are given in the Topcliffe atid Morley 
Register s^ p. 6, and in the Northern Genealogist, 1 896, p. 206. The latter contains 
an abstract of Captain Pickering's will. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CA1>TAIN JOHN PICKERING. 7 1 

trouble and danger against the common enemy," and stating that a 
number of the gentry had been secured in the garrison of Hull* 

Shortly afterwards, 20 August, 1656, he was sworn to execute 
the office of a Justice of the Peace in the West Riding, probably as 
a consequence of the petition, and the note-book which follows is an 
interesting record of the matters brought before him, and of the 
customs and habits of the seventeenth century. The marriages are 
especially valuable, as it is believed that the registers of some of the 
parishes mentioned are defective for the years 1656 to 1660. For 
example, the only marriages recorded in the Woodkirk Register 
during those years are the following: — 

1656. Gulielmus Aviard cum Maria Browne, Septem. die 28^°. 

Thomas Copley cum Margreta Lee, Octobris die 19"°. 

Johannes Dymond cum Jana Greenwood, Dec. die 7"°. 
1658. Josuah Astwick cum Alice Brogden, July 28^. 

Johannes Dransfield cum Anne Pearson, Sept. 29. 

Dom : Christo : Marshall cum Sarah Neaustead, Nov. die 16°. 

It will be noticed that the marriage in the church often preceded 
by a few days the civil marriage recorded in the MS. 

The Rev. Oliver He3rwood would be intimately acquainted with 
Pickering. On the 9 July, 1677, He3rwood breakfasted with Pickering, 
and on the 11 January, 1686, visited him. In 1678 Hey wood records 
in his Diary that Pickering and the pastor at Topcliffe took the 
part of Joseph Jackson in a civil dissension between two brethren 
about a horse which had died when on loan, respecting which several 
church meetings had been held. Pickering was appointed with 
Heywood by the will of Mr. Gamaliel Marsden (who was teacher 
at the church at Topcliffe, and had married, first, a young woman 
worth ^40 a year, and secondly, Mr. Marshall's widow, "lived 
plentifully, comfortably, dyed with honour, was buryed May 27, 1681, 
left a competent estate to his friends, wife having no child ") to assist 
bis widow to distribute ^20 to poor ministers, widows, scholars, 
godly poor.* 

£dward Pickering, the brother of the Captain, was also a person 
of some consequence. On the nth November, 1645,' Prince Rupert 
and Prince Maurice, with the gentlemen attending them, having 
disengaged themselves from the King's service, were desirous to 



* Yorkshire ArcfuzologUal foumal^ vi, 93. 

" HeywoocCi Diary ^ cd. Turner. 

■ The battle of Msurstoo Moor was fought on the 4lh July, 1644. 



72 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

obtain passes from Parliament to go beyond the seas, and it was 
ordered by the Committee of both Kingdoms that Edward Pickering 
do signify to Prince Rupert that both Houses of Parliament have 
granted a pass for his Highness and for Prince Maurice, besides 
such officers and gentlemen of quality, with their servants, horses, and 
necessary baggage, as Prince Rupert shall name and deliver a list 
thereof to Mr. Pickering, to pass freely and quietly to the several 
ports of Yarmouth, Dover, Rye, and Southampton, or to any of them, 
within 14 days next after the Prince shall receive his pass, so that 
they come not through the city of London, nor within the lines of 
communication, and shall transport themselves at the first opportunity 
out of the King's dominions, having engaged themselves upon their 
honours and subscribed that they will never more bear arms or act 
anything against both Houses or against the Estates of Scotland. A 
convoy was to be appointed when the list of persons was received 
by the Committee and the port signified to which they intended to go. 

Prince Rupert having asked for some modification, Mr. Edward 
Pickering was, on the 22nd November, desired to deliver to the 
Prince a letter signifying that the Houses would not recede from 
what was formerly agreed upon, and that if their ofier was not 
accepted within 14 days they should hold themselves free from their 
former engagements, and Pickering was then to return to the 
Committee. 

On the 9 December, 1645, the Committee wrote to Prince Rupert, 
mentioning that Pickering had been despatched with the letters of 
22nd November, and that they were informed he went from Evesham 
to Worcester on the 27 th. The time appointed for his stay had 
elapsed, and they had not heard anything of him. They doubted 
not but being employed to his Highness, the latter would be careful 
that Pickering should be safely returned unto them. On the loth 
December the Committee wrote to the Committee of Evesham that 
they desired that a trumpeter should be sent to the Governor of 
Worcester, to demand an account of Mr. Pickering.* More is not 
known, as the Calendars do not refer to him again. 

Captain Pickering's Note-Book measures 11 fin. x y^in., and is 
written on 54 leaves. At the top of the first page Thoresby has 
written : — " Cos" Elstons gift to Ralph Thoresby, da : of this Cap^ Jo : 
Pickering." In the copy which follows the entries of certain ofiences 
against morality have been much curtailed. G. D. L. 



* Prince Rupert left the country at Dover for Calais on the 5th July, 1646, and 
Prince Maurice on the 8th for Holland. They had a pass from General Fairfax, 
dated 19 June, 1646. See Warburton's Memoirs of Prince Rupert ^ vol. 3, pp. 233-6. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 73 



MEMORAND: thatt Wedensday, 20*** off August, 1656, I was sworne 
to execute the office of a Justice off Peace in y« West Ridd : 
according to my best skill, knowledge & power. 

Jo: PiCKERINGE. 

James Austwick, p Swearing. Saturday, 23*^ August (56). James 
Austwick, sen', of West Ardsley, was conuicted upon the oath of 
Will. Gotten of the same ffor swearing two pphane oathes & one 
pphane curse, yv^ is the first, second & third offence, & warrant 
giuen to the Constable to punish him accordingly. 

John Smith, p Drunk : & Swearing. Memorand : That John 
Smith of West Ardsley, collier, was conuicted before M"* Ward, of 
Pomfrett, upon the oaths of Will™ Gotten & Tho' Kidson, of West 
Ardsley, the 30**^ of August last, ffor being drunke the 13^ of ye 
same month, & did then also pphanely sweare six oathes one after 
another; ffor w** offences he forfeited one & forty shillings eight- 
pence; & warrant giuen by me to the Gonstable to leuy the same, 
& for want of distresse to set him in the stockes for the space of 
thirty-nine howers. Ye warrant beares date 9^ of September, 1656. 
See Justice Ward warrant. 

Jonas Tetley. Married. M^ : That Jonas Tetley & Elizabeth 
Thornton, both of Bradford, were duly married before me the 
eleauenth day off Sept: 1656, in pVnce of Jeremy Dixon of Heaton 
roides, John Taylour of littie Horton, John Rhodes of Bradford, & 
Tho : Smallwood,' minister of Batley, & others, & certificate giuen 
accordingly the same day. 

Joseph Taylour. Drunkenesse. M<*: That Joseph Tayler of 
West Ardsley, labourer, was conuict off being drunke 13^^ August last, 
before me 12*** of Sept: 56, & warrant giuen that day to punish 
him accordingly. 

Tho: Glouer & John Burnill. Tipling on Lds. Day. M^: 
That Tho: Glouer & John Burnill were conuicted before me upon 
their owne confession for tipling at Paul Sharpes upon 27*^ July 
last, being L*^ day, & warrant giuen to Gonstable of West Ardsley, 
i2**» Sept: (56), to levy ye forfeit. 

M<*: That 15 Sept: (56) a warrant of y* peace was granted 
against Henry Wilkinson of Chidsall, upon the complaint & oath of 
Sibill Greene of Ghidsall, his mother, to bind over to the next 
sessions, &c 

Recognizance. 17^ Sept: 1656. M**: Anthony Smickersgill of 
Carlesmoore, in the parish of Kirby Malzard, husbandman, acknow- 
ledged himself by way off recognizance to owe unto the U Protect^ 

* •* Mr. Thomas Smalwood (my neighbour Atkinson's father in law), being a 
Chaplain in the Parliament's army in the late wars, would sometimes outbrave the 
soldiers, being able to take up at the arm's length three pikes tied together, which 
requires a greater strength than can be supposed without trial " (Thoresby's Duca/us, 
Aprpendix, p. 147). Sec the Yorkshire County Ma^tittfy i, p. 262. 



74 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

& his successors the sume off 20'' : to be levied, &c., iff he faile in 
ye condition following, w<^^ is, That he psonally appeare at next Genr*' 
Sessions of the peace for the West Ridd : to be holden att Wakefeild, 
& in ye meanetime to keep the peace towards the L^ Prot: & all 
men, & cheifely against Rich' Sheffeild & Samuell Knight, both of 
Hartshead. 

Recog^- M^: That Gilbert Smickersgill of Kirby Malzard, &c., 
whelewright, acknowledged himself to owe 20^ to the L** Protect, 
&c., as above in every pticular. 

Rich: Shepley. Swearing. M^: That 17*^ Sept: 1656, Rich: 
Shipley of Murfeild, yeoman, was conuicted before me upon ye oath 
of Edw: Barrowclough, for swearing two pphane oathes the 16^ 
Instant, & war°' giuen to leuy, &c., dated 18*^^ ins*. 

Sarah Blackburne. Fornication. Recog^- M.^: That 18*** 
Sept: (56) 

M^ : That iS*-^ Sept: a Warrant of Leaue was granted against 
John Legard of Dalton, yeoman, for assaulting & dangerously 
hurting in y® head Grace Wood of Dalton ; another warrant against 
Will. Brooke of same, clothier, for the same assault; to answer the 
p'misses & further to be dealt withall, according to law. 

Tho: Sharpehouse. Fellony. 17*^. A warrant against Tho : 
Sharpehouse of Gauthroppe, for stealing 2^ this day from the wife off 
Thomas Thornes of the same, to bring before me, &c. 

Joseph Dixon & Sarah Blackb : Ffornication. 2o**» Sept : 



Rich: Brooke & Eliz: Robinson. Married. 2i**»Sept: 56. 
M^: That Richard Brooke, the son off Arthur Brooke off Milnhill, 
in Dalton, & Elizabeth Robinson off the same, were married before 
me the day abouesaid, in the p'sence of John Legard of Dalton, 
yeoman ; Richard Dison of ye same, clothier ; Rich : Brooke ofiF ye 
same, shoemaker; Will. Brooke, clothier; Alice Meller, the wife of 
John Meller, off ye same ; & Ester Hurst, the wife of Edward Hurst, 
of Dalton aforesaid. 

Recognizance. 21** Sept: M<*: That John Legard of Dalton, 
yeoman, & John Meller of the same, clothier, became bound by way 
of Recognizance, each off them in fforty pounds ; & Richard Brooke 
off Dalton, clothier, ye son off Arthur Brooke of Milnhill there, in 
the sume off forty pounds, that the said Richard Brooke & Elizabeth 
his wife shall appeare at next Gen^'' Sessions off the Peace for the 
West Riding, to be holden at Wakefeild, to doe & receive such things 
as by the Court shall be enioyned them, & that the said Richard & 
Elizabeth shall be in ye meantime of ye good behauiour. 

Jo : Legard. Recogn : 2i** Sept : 1656. M^ : That John Legard 
off Dalton, yeoman, became bound by way of Recognizance to his 
Highnes the L** Protector, &c., in the sume of twenty pounds, to be 
leuied, &c., in case he make not his p'sonal appearance at next Gen"^^ 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 75 

Sessions of the Peace to be holden for this division, & in meantime 
to keepe the Peace, &c., especially towards Grace Wood off Dalton 
aforesaid. 

Robt. Wood. Recogn: 23^^ Sept., 1656. M^: That Rob' Wood 
of Dalton, clothier ; Arthur Brook of the same, clothier ; & Roger 
Brooke of ye same, clothier, became bound by Recognizance in the 
seu'all sumes off twenty pounds a man, to be levied upon their lands, 
<S:c., in case the said Rob' Wood doe not make his psonal appearance 
at the next Gen'" Sessions of the Peace to be holden for this diuision ; 
& that in the meantime the said Rob' Wood be off the good 
behauiour towards his Highnes & all the good people of this Coinon- 
wealth. 

Recogn : Sept : 25'^ 1656. M^ : That Rob' Poplewell of Holbeck, 
clothier, bound by recogn : in penalty of 20", to appeare at next Gen'" 
Sessions of ye Peace to be holden ffor this Riding, at Wakefeild, to 
answer to such matters as shall be obiected against him for deere 
stealing, &c,; in meanetime to be off good behauiour. 

Recogn. 25 Sept., 56. M**: That Tho: Caue off Bramhup, 
husbandman, & Arthur Suttill of same. Blacksmith : each of them bound 
in 20" to p'ferre a Bill of Inditem' at next Sessions at Wakefeild, 
against Will. Suttle of Bramhop, Blacksmith, for having the carnall 
knowledge of the body of Mary Kendall, of Hunslet, single woman, 
& to giue best euidence, &c. 

Swearing. 29'** Sept., '56. M<* : That Jeremiah Schoolefeild of 
Cawkcliffe, in Huddersfeild, Blacksmith, was this day conuicted before 
me upon the oath of Arthure Brooke of Dalton, for the pphane 
swearing of fower oathes upon Saturday last ; & warrant giuen to Leuy 
23* 4<* or 21 howers stockes. 

Marriage. 2"** Oct., '56. M<*: That Wittm Cooke, iun, of 
Bramwith [?gent :], and Sarah North of Liuersidge, were, in p'sence of 
John Brooke of Liuersidge, yeoman ; Witt : Greene of same, yeoman ; 
Rich : Beamont of same, yeoman ; & Rich : Nicholson of Fenwick 
[?gent.], duly married before me, & Certificate giuen accordingly. 

John Preistlev. Swearing. 4*** 8^', '56. M**: That John 
Preistley of Batings, husbandman, was this day conuicted upon the 
oath of Tho : Mowburne of Batley, for pphane swearing of nine 
Oathes, And also of other disorders, & was also drunke, upon w*^** a 
warrant was giuen to Leuy both for drunkennes & swearing, & also 
mittimus to Goale, till he find sureties for good behauiour for one 
whole yeare now next ensuing, & for his appearance at the Gen'" 
sessions, &c., w«^ shall fall next after expiration of the said yeare. 

John Ixk:kwood. Swearing. 6'*> 8^', '56. M^: That John 
Ixxrkwood of Midle Shitlington, yeoman, was this day conuicted upon 
the oathes off Will : Jackson & Tho : Radford of the same, for swearing 
nine pphane oathes; & warrant giuen to bring him before me to 
answer the pmisses, &c. 



76 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

GenR'-l Quart" Sessions, held at Wakefield ninth of Octob', 1656, 
and all recogn. & swearers certifyed. 

Jo. Thomson. Swearing. 13'^ October, '56. M*^ : That John 
Thomson of Thornhill, husbandman, was this day conuicted of six 
pphane oathes swome by him on Wedensday last, in the house off 
Tho : Walker, Alehouskeeper in Thornhill, upon the oath of Michaell 
Sheard of Mirfeild, skinner. 

Marriage. 15*^ 8^, '56, M*^: That John Fawcitt of Batley, 
husbandman, & Grace Sheard of ye same, were this day, in p'sence 
off Robt. Turner off Batley, ffreemason ; Tho : Mawburne of ye same, 
husbandman; John Reyner of ye same, batchelor; Joseph Wood oflf 
ye same, Tanner; and diuers others, duly married before me, &c. 

Marriage. 16*^ 8^, '56. M«*: That Miles Atack of Batley, 
carpenter, & Mary Walmsley of ye same, were this day, in p'sence 
off Henry Jefferson of West Ardsley, clothier ; Rich : Hardwick of 
Batley, Register ; & Jennett Hird off ye same, duly married, &c. 

Constable. 22*^ 8^', '56. M*^: Tho: Blackbume of Merfeild, 
shoomaker, was this day sworne Constable for the yeare ensueing for 
the towen of Mierfeild. 

Marriage. 29*** S\ '56. M<* : That William Aueyeard, joyner, 
and Mary Browne, booth of West Ardsley, were this day, in the psence 
of Nicholas Aueyard, Joyner ; Tho : Tomlinson, mason ; Tho : Ollerton, 
carrier, all of West Ardsley, and Tho : Copley of Aluerthorpe, labourer, 
duly married, &c. 

Marriage. 29'^ 8^, '56. M*^ : That Will : Wright, carpenter, and 
Mary Wildeman, both of Aluerthorpe, were this day, in the p'sence 
of John Wildeman, labourer, Tho : Copley, labourer, Mich. Glouer, 
potter, and Richard Preston, hatter, all of Aluerthorpe, duly married, &c. 

Recogn\ 31th 8br, 1656. M*^ : yt John Lockwood of Middle 
Shitlington, yeamon, George Lee of Thornhill, yeamon, came before 
me this day at Wakefeild, and were bound by recognisance, the s<* 
Lockwood in 40^* & George Lee in 20^*, to be leuyed, ec. Condicon, 
that the said Lockwood appeare at the next sessions, &c., to answer to 
such matt*^ as shall be Laydd to his charge for pphane swaring one 
oath, & in the meane time to be of good behauior. 

Recogn'. 31'^ S\ 1656. M*^: yt Witt Jackson of Middle 
Shitlington, coard weayuer, became bound before me in 20^^ to preserve 
a bill enditment against John Lockwood affores** for swearing, &c., & 
to giue further euidence, &c. 

John Awty, for swearing. 1*^9^'', 1656. M^: yt John Auty, 
jun*", of the Moore side in Dewesbury, clothier, was conuicted before 
me upon the oath of Witt Greene of the same, cloth"", for the pphane 
swearing of two Oathes, &c. 

24th gbr^ >^5 Will Longley of Stanley was conuicted of drunken- 
esse before me. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. ^^ 

Marriage. 3"* of Noumb'', 1656. M*^ : yt Will : Bedford of West 
Ardsley, Labourer, and Susan Godard of the same, were, in the p'sence 
of Mary Rawlin, Margaret Nayler, both of West Ardsley, married 
before me, &c. 

Recogn. 4th of Nouember, 1656. M*^: yt John Mason, Gil- 
dersome. Cloth'', became bound before [me] in 20^» to preferre a bill 
of enditment against John Moore of Slaughtwait for the fellonious 
stealling of 3 yeards of Gray Cloth, &c., & Rich : Mason of the same, 
Cloth% & John Gent of the same. Cloth', each in 10'', to give euidence 
against the s** Moore. 

Recogn. Jackson, Sen«- 4^^ of Nouember, 1656. M^ : yt 
Joseph Nayler of Osset, husbandman, & Tho : Bedford, of Middle 
Shittlington, blacksmith, became bound before me, each of them in 
2o*», &c.; & Will : Jackson, senior, of Middle Shitlington, husbandman, 
in 20", yt he, the said Will : Jackson shall appeare at the next Gen" 
Quarter Sessions, and in meane time keepe the p[e]ace towards all 
people, & especialy towards John Lockwood, &c. 

Recog. Jackson, Jun«- 4*** of Noumb*", 1656. [Similar recog- 
nizance in respect of *' Will : Jackson, junier, of Middle Shitlington, 
Coard weayuer"]. 

Constable. 6 of Nouemb"", 1656. M«* : y* Christopher Nettleton 
of Tong was sworne Constable before me for the said towne for the 
yeare ensueing. 

Recog. Inchbold. 7*** of Nouember, 1656. M<* : y* Andrew 
Inchbold of Knarebrouge, lining weauer, and John Beane of Kettering, 
in the pish of Hampsthwait, linyeweauer, became bound before me, 
each in 40", that John Inchbald of Leathley, husbandman, shall 
appeare at the next Gen" Quarter Sessions, &c., to answer unto such 
matters as on the behalfe of his Highnesse shall be obiected against 
him, &C. 

Marriage. 12th of Nouemb"", 1656. M'd : y* Richard Wood and 
Elzabeth Westerman, both of Elersheaton, were, in the p'sence of 
Tho: Futhergill, cloth*"; John Longley of the same, cloth*^; John 
Westerman of ye same, skiner, duly married before me. 

Recog. B 13'** of Nouember, 1656. W : That Rich : 

Brook of Osset, Wheelwright, and Will : Jowett of Gawthorpe, of the 
same townshipe, yeoman, became bound before me this day, each of 
them in 40**, that Will. Brook, the son of the said Richard, shall 
appeare att the next Gen" Quart*^ Sessions of the peace to be holden 
for this Ryding, to answer unto such matters as shall be charged 
against him, & to doe & receiue such thingf as shall be then & 
there inioyned him, &c. 

Marrige. 14^ of Nouemb^ '56. W : That Matthew Gill of 
Flancell, in the pish of Wakefeild, Labourer, and Mary Burnit of the 
same pish, were, in the p'sence of RoBt Wad of Flancell, husbandman ; 
John Oldered of Aluerthorpe, cloth**; and Matthias Pickersgill of 
Stanley, cloth', married before me, &c. 



7^ NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Swearing, is'^ 9^^ C56). Md : That Rich. Leeming of Wiskett 
Hill, within y® Towneship off Tong, labourer, was this day conuicted 
upon oath of Quarf Dickinson for swearing three pphane oathes 
at West Ardsley the 7th instant 

Marrige. i7^»»of Nouember, '56. Md: That Randall Constable 
of Drighlington, husbandman, and Dorothy Street of the same, were, 
in the p'sence of Will. Scott of Drighlington, Tanner ; John Scott, 
butcher, and John Scott, husbandman, both of Drighlington ; & diuers 
others, &c., married before me, &c. 

Constable. 17 of Nouemb*^, 1656. M^ : y* Obidiah Lee was 
sworne deputy Constable before me for the Coroner of Dewesbury. 

Marriag. 17**^ of g\ '56. M*^ : y^ Rich. Crowther of Gildersome, 
Cloth', and Alis Atkinson of Farnley, were, in the presence of Joshua 
Crowther off Gildersome, smith, and Rich : Actkinson of Farnley, 
cloth*", married before me, &c. 

Recoge. iS^** of 9b^ '56. Md : that Rob* Wade of Osset, Clothe 
became bound before me in 20'* to prefere a bill of Indictment att 
the next Assizes against Tho: Jagger of Osset and Jane Speight of 
the same for Feloniously committing the sin of Incest, &c., & bring 
in further euidence, &c. 

Recog. i8'*> of 9^^ '56. M^ : that Anthony Armitage of Osset, 
Lingueauer, became bound before me in 20'^ to prefere a bill of 
Indictment against Will : Brook of the same for Feloniously committing 

that wicked and detestable sin of and there shall not dept 

w'**out Licence of the C^, &c., and to bring in further euidence, &c. 

Recog. i9'*» of 9^^ '56. M<*: that Will: Graue of Earlesheaton, 
cloth^ and Joshua Roodes of the same, cloth*^, and Rob' Roodes of the 
same, cloth"", became bound before me, euery of them, in 10'', that the 
said Will. Graue be of the good behauiour for one whole yeare next 
ensueing, &c. [crossed off]. 

Marriag. 24th of 9br ('56). M*^ : that John Coates, cloth^ & 
Patience Smith, both of Lineley, in the pish of Huthersfeild, were 
this day, in the p'sence of Tho: Cotes of Wakefeild, cloth""; Adam 
Armitage of Linley, cloth*"; & John Robinson of Wakefeild, yeoman, 
married before me. 

Marriage. 24«*» of 9*"^, '56. M*^ : that Will : Sympson, jun'. 
Labourer, & Ann Carter, both of the pish of Wakefeild, were this day, 
in the presence of Will : Sympson of Wakfeild, Labourer, & James 
Wood of Snowhill, Lin'g draper, & others, married before me. 

Marriage. 26'^ of 9^, '56. M^ : that Will : Robinson of Earles- 
heaton, cloth"^, and Alice Gunson of the same, were this day, in the 
p'sence of Tho : Hemingway [? badgger], Tho. Futhergill, cloth"^, John 
Hemingway, batchl*", all of Earlesheaton, & others, married before me, &c. 

SwERiNG. 26'»> of 9^"", '56. U^ : that Tho : Beck of Wakefeild 
were conuicted before me for the p'phane swearing of one oath upon 
the i9**> ins' att Wakefeild, & upon Justice Ward war' dated the 2i'*» 
Inst*. 



NOTE-BOOK or CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 79 

Marriage. 27th of 9br, '56. M<* : that Josia Wadsworth of the 
pish of Penistone, yeoman, & Sarah Beamond of Darton, were this 
day, in the p'sence of Tho: Wadsworth of Penistone, gent.; Tho : 
Beamond of Darton, yeoman ; & John Wadsworth of Darfeild, eq**, 
and diuers others, &c, married before me, &c. 

Recogn*. Alehouskeep'. 6th Decemb'", '56. M^ : that ^ill : 
Ludington of Osset, gentl : became bound before me in the sume of 
20"' upon this condicion, that Alice Pickard of the same, widdow, 
shall not from henc[e] forward use sellinge of AUe or beare w^^^out 
Licence, &c, 

Recogniz. Alehouskeep'. 9*^ of Decemb', '56. M^: that 
Michell Wheatley of Osset, Cloth^ & Rob^ Compson of the same, 
Cardmaker, became bound before me, by way of Recognizance in the 
sume of 10^ a peece upon the condicion that Will : Wilby of Osset 
shall not from henceforward keepe a Comon-Alehouse or tipleing 
house, or use comonly selling of AUe or Beare w'**out Licence, &c. 

Marriage. 8 of Decemb'', '56. M'd : y' John Norcliffe & Mary 
Saunder, both of the pish of Darton, were this day, in the p'sence of 
Rich. Nightingale of Bargh, husbandman ; Will. Feild of the same, 
UTiite Smith ; & Sarah Feild of the same, married before me, &c. 

Recog. Good behauiour. 9*^ of Decemb"", '56. M'd : y' John 
Hall [Archer erased] of West Millns, in Merfeild, yeoman [millner 
erased], became bound before me by way of Recognizance in the 
sume of io*», & Tho : Waireing of Merfeild, shoomaker, in 10^*, & John 
Archer of West Millnes, in Merfeild, milner, 10^*, y* he, the sd Archer, 
shall appeare att the next gen'll Quart"" Sessions, &c., and in the meane 
time to be of good behauour, &c. 

Recog. Alehouse keep*. io'*» of Decemb"^, '56. M<* : y* Will : 
Gill of Ossett, yeoman, & James Ryder of the same, cloth', became 
bound before me, each in 10^, y* John Graue, aliis Wright, shall not 
from henceforward keepe a comon alehouse or tipeling house, nor use 
selling of Alle or Beare, not being ther unto Lawfully Licenced, &c. 

Recog'. Good Behauo^- io'*> of Decemb^ '56. M^: y' Will. 
Jowett of Gawthorpe, yeoman, became bound before me in the sume 
of 2o*S & Will. Rayner of the same, husbandman, & Will. Fearnley of 
ye same, cardmaker, each in lo^S upon this condicion, y* Will. Jowett 
shall appeare att the next gen'" Sessions, &c., to answer unto such 
matt" of misbiho' as on the bchalfe of his Highnesse, &c., and in the 
meane time to be of good behauiour. 

Marriage ii*^ of Decemb', '56. M^ : y* John Dimond of East 
Ardsley, gent\ & Jane Greenord of West Ardsley, were this day, in 
the p'sence of Tho : Grant, genf , Rob' Shaw, yeoman, Edward Scholey, 
yeom., all of West Ardsley, & Rob' Goodaire of Stanley, yeoman, 
were duly married before me att West Ardsley, &c. 



8o NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Recogn^ ii*^ of Decemb^ '56. M^: that Rob^ Fisher of Osset, 
Alehouskeep, became bound before me by way of Recognizance, in 
20^, to giue the best euidence he can att the nex Assieses against 
Tho: Jagger of the same, waller, & Jane Speight his wife, &c., and 
not dept w^^out leaue of the Co*^, &c. 

Recog^ for one whole yeare. ii^ of Decemb^ '56. M<* : 
that Rob* Dixon of Brook Royde, in Batley, cowper, become bound 
before me in 40", & Rob* Radcliffe of West Ardsley, tane', in the 
suine of 20^, upon this condicion, y' Joseph Dixon of Brook Royde, 
in Batley, shall be of good behauiour for one whole yeare next 
ensuing, and also to stand to & abid such ord"" as the Justices shall 
app* for the education of a Bastard Child when it shall be borne, 
begotten of the bodye of Sarah Blackbume of Bruntcliffe [en/ry 
struck out]. 

Cursing. 22*^ of Decemb^ 1656. M*^: that Will: Aueyard the 
yonger of West Ardsley, Joyner, was conuicted before me for the 
pphane cursing of one curse, &c. 

Marriage. 24th of Decemb^, 1656. M^ : That John Marke of 
Wodsome, gentl: & Mary Oldfeild of Lylee, were this day, in the 
p'sence of Georg Thurguland of Liley, gent', & Richard Hair of 
Almonbury, duly married before me, &c. 

Recogn"- 26**^ of December, 1656. M^^: That Matthew Tod of 
Morley, husbandman, doth acknowledg himselfe to owe unto his 
Highnesse the Ld Protecto' & his successors, &c., the sufne of 40'*; 
Georg Haigh of Duningley, cloth"", the sume of 20"; & Thomas 
Morton of the same [husbandman], the sume of 26^*, upon this 
condicon, y* the said Matthew Tod shall appeare att the next Gen""" 
Quart' Sessions of the peace to be holden for this Ryding, to answer 
unto such matt" of misdemanour as shall be obiected against him 
concerning the felonious practising of Witchcraft, & in the meanetime 
to be of good behauiour. 

Recogniz" Sessions. 26*^ of Decemb', 1656. [Henery Haigh 
of West Ardsley, cloth*", & Joseph Reyner of the same, to give evidence 
against Matthew Tod "for the suspecion of a certaine witchcraft 
committed by him."] 

Recogn"- 29*^ of Decemb', 1656. M^: That Will: Tompson off 
Beeston Pitthill, Daniell Glouer of Middleton, husbandman, acknow- 
Idgeth themselues seu*ally to oue unto His Hyghnesse the Ld 
Protector, &c., the sume of 2o^» pounds upon this condiCon, that 
Margery Jackson of Middleton shall appear at the next Gen" Quart** 
Sessions of the peace to be holden for this Ryding, to answer unto 
such matf", &c., for the felonious practising witchcraft Charmes & 
enchantm** upon the goods of Thomas Askwiths & others, &c 

Recogn"- Sessions. 29'** of Decemb^ 1656. [Tho: Askwith of 
Middleton, cloth dresser, in 20", to give evidence against Margery 
Jackson for the felonious useing witchcraft upon his goods]. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 8 1 

Recognize- Sessions. 29*** of Decemb', 1656. M*^: That Francis 
Smith of Middleton, husbandman, became bound before me in the 
sume of 20", to pTerre a Bill of Inditment against Chirstopher Dixon 
of Rothwell Haige, Miles Dixon his son, & Thomas Johnson his 
servant, att at the next Gen'" Quarf^ Sessions of the Peace, &c., for 
the feloniously takeing & carrying away certaine sheafes off come of 
the goods of the said Francis Smith, &c. 

Marriage. 30'** of Decemb**, 1656. M^^ : That Ralph Worsley & 
Mary Feamley, both of the pish of Batley, were, in the p'sence of 
Richard Feamley of Batley, husbandman; Tho: Mowburne of the 
same, husbandman ; & Ann Feamley of the same, duly married before 
me att West Ardsley, &c. 

Recogni'. Sessions. 31*^ of Decemb^ 1656. M*^: That Edward 
Brook of East Ardsley, yeoman, became bound before me in the sume 
of 20^, to preferre a bill of Inditment against Tho : Dobson for the 
Fellonious takeing a saddle of the goods of the said Edward Brook, &c. 

Drunkeness. 2**» of January, '56. M<* : That RoBt Bargh of 
Ossett were conuicted before me for being dmnke, & also for one 
pphane oath. 

Drunkenesse. 6*^ of Deceml/, 1656. M*^ : That Will : Hepworth 
of Merfeild, fuller, were conuicted before me upon the Oath of 
Will : Thornton of ye same, for being drunke. 

Recogn'. Sessions. 12 Jan., '56. M^: That Rich: Cordingley 
of Tong, Clothier, became bound in 10", to pferre a bill of Indit'ent 
against Dorathy Walsh & Mary Bakes, two prisoners in house of 
Correction, for the Felonious taking & carrys away wooll, sewitt, beefe, 
bacon, of goods off ye s^ Rich : Cordingley, at next Gen" Sessions, &c. 

Drunkeness. i3'*» January, 1656. M^: That John Tomson of 
Thomhill, husbandman, was conuict of dmnkenesse the 4th of Jan', 
at night, being U* day, upon y« oath off Will. Hall, constable. 

Gen«*^ Quart" Sessions, held at Wakefeild 15*^ of January, & all 
Recognizances & Swearers certified. 

Marriage. 20'*^ of January, 1656. W: That Will: Graue & 
Isabel! Senier, both of Earlesheaton, were this day, in the p'sence of 
Robte. Rhoides of the same. Cloth*", & John Westermon of the same, 
skinner, married before me, &c. 

Swearing. Cristopher Ameson off Middleton, yeoman, conuicted 
before me upon the 4^ off January, for the pphane swearing of six 
oathes. 

Drinkeing. 26**» of January, '56. W: That John Tirie of 
Gawthorpe was conuicted before me for goeing about his wor[l]dly 
occations : vizt : from his owne house to a certain close of his, to see 
whether itt was well ploud or noe, & went thence to Widdow 
Goodalls alehousekeep in Chidsell, & continued there all night, &c., 
upon Lords Day, the 18*^ of Jan' instant 



82 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Drunkenesse. 26^ of January, '56. M*^: That Will: Jewett 
of Gawthorpe was conuicted before of Drunk [ejnesse — the 19th Inst, 
upon the oath of Will : Reyner his father, & was allsoe conuicted of 
drinkeing & tipleng upon the i8th Inst, being the Lds day. 

Swearing. 27th Jan., '56. M<* : That Thomas Pulley of Thornhill 
was conuicted before me for the pphane swearing of one Oath upon 
the 1 6th of January. 

Marriage. 28th of January, '56. M^: y* Rich: Walker & 
Elizabeth Becroft, both of Dewsbury, were this day, in the p'sence of 
Ralph Batty of Batley, Cloth' ; Rob* Becw'^ & Will : Whitley, both of 
Dewsbury, Cloth*", & diuers others, duly married before me, &c. 

Recogn. 28th Janu% '56. Joshua Auty of Dewsbury Mooreside, 
Cloth*", Abraham Greenwod of the same, yoaman, acknowledge, &c., 
10" apeece, viz* that Will : Auty of the same shal appere att Sessions, 
&c., concerning suspicon of stealling an Iron melle. 

Recognizance. 2°*^ of February, '56. M<* : That Henery Scoalefeild 
of Gawthorpe, & Will : Kitson of the same, & Richard Tirie of the 
same, acknowledge themselves seu'ally to owe unto his Highness, &c., 
the suine of 10" apeece, upon this condicon, y* the said Henery 
Scoalefeild shall appeare at the next Gen" Quarf Sessions of the peace, 
& in the mene time to keepe the peace towards his Highnesse, &c., 
especially to Ann Grant off Gawthorpe. 

Recognizance. 3"^ of February, '56. M*^ : That Joshua Oldham 
of Huthersfeild, cloth*"; Thomas Booth off the same, yeoman ; & 
Henery Talour of the same. Cloth**', all became bound before me by 
way of Recognizance, each in 30^* apeece, upon the condicon that the 
said Joshua Oldham shall appeare att the next Gen" Quart*" sessions 
of the peace, &c., & shall stand to & abide such order as the Justices 
shall then appoint for the education of a Bastard Child begotten by 
him of the bodye of Grace Walmeshey of Huthersfeld, single woman, &c. 

Marriage. 4'^ of February, *56. M<* : That Joshua Middlebrooke 
of Ossett, Cardmaker, & Mary Harrison of West Ardsley, were this 
day, in the p sence of Tho : Harrison of West Ardsley, yeoman ; 
G[e]orge Leedall of Ossett, husbandman; John Forrist of the same, 
husbandman ; Will : Harpe of the same. Blacksmith ; & Will : Middle- 
brooke of Wakef'ld, marcer, duly married before me att West Ardsley. 

Marriage. 4*^ February, '56. M<*: That John Nouell of the 
pish of Castleford & Dorothy Audsley of the pish of West Ardsley 
were this day, in the p'sence of Will : Speight of West Ardsley, 
husbandman, Tho : Kitson of the same, husbandman, John Middleton 
of the pish of East Ardsley, husbandman, duly married before me, &c. 

Sweringe. 5**» Feb,, 1656. W : That Will : Browne of Rushollme, 
yeoman, was conuicted before me for the pphane swearing of one 
Oath, by the Oath of John Stead of Bradford, the day & yeare aboue 
written. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 83 

Recogniz'. 9 Feb., 1656. M*^: That James Cowper oflf Wake- 
feild Woodside, Cloth*"; Rich : Preeston of the same, Felte maker ; 
Will : Wright of the same, Carpenter ; & Thomas Copley of the same, 
Labourer, acknowledged themselues seu'ally to owe unto his Highnesse 
the Ld Protecto' the sume of 10^ apeece, upon this condition, y' Will : 
Pickeringe of Wakefeild outwood, Labour"", Elizabeth Roper of the 
same, widdow, shall appeare att the next Gen" Quart' Sessions, &c., to 
answer unto such matt", &c., for misbehauiour, & in the meane time 
doe be off the good behauiour, &c. 

Rkcogniz'. 9**> February, '56. M^ : y' Rob' Crauen off Birstall, 
cloth>", John Goodall of the same, husbandman, acknowledged them- 
selves seu*ally to owe unto his Highnesse, &c., the sume off 20* 
a peece, upon this condition, that Grace Crauen, wife of the said 
Rob*, shall appeare att y« next Sessions, to answer unto such matt", 
&C., & in the meane time be of good behauiour, &c. 

Recognizance. 9'** off February, 1656. M**: That Samuell 
Feamsids of Batley became bound before me by way of Recognizance 
in the sume of io*», to preferre a Bill of Inditm* against Alice 
lliomes, now a p^son*^ in the house of Correction, for felonious 
takeing & cariing away out of the house of the s^ Samuell Fearns'ds 
the sume of seauteen pence off siluer, vizt, one shillinge, two twopences 
& a single penie off the goods off the said Samuell : And shall then 
& there giue the best eu'dence he can, &c. 

Recogniz*. 12^** off February, 1656. Abraham Mallinson off 
Kirkeheaton, Cloth', George Mallinson of the same. Cloth', acknow- 
ledged themselues seu'ally to owe unto his Highnesse the Ld. 
Protector the sume of 20^ a peece, upon this condicon, that the said 
Abraham Mallinson shall appeare att the next Gen" Quarth' Sessions 
to be held for the said Riding there, to answer unto such matt" of 
misbehauiour as on the behalfe [of] his High [n] esse, &c., shall be 
obiected against him, & in the meane time doe be off the good 
behauio'. 

Rkcogniz. i4'*» off February, '56. M^: That John Meller off 
Dalton Greene, Clothier, Edward Lee off Lepton, Batcler, acknow- 
ledged themselves seu^y to owe [as before] the sume of 20" 
a peece, upon this condicon, that Francees Longley, the wife of Arthur 
Longley of Kirkheaton, Alehouse Keep, shall appeare [as in last 
J^ecognisafue\ 

Recognz. i4**> of February, 1656. M«* : That Cristopher Auison 
off Middleton, yeoman ; Thomas Moxon off Middleton, husbandman ; 
John Horn off the same, husbandman, each in 10^ a peece, upon this 
condicion, that Cristopher Auison shall appeare att the next Sessions, 
&c., & in the meanetime to keepe the peace. 

Recogniz. 14 off February, '56. M*^: That John Crowther off 
Lepton, Millner, acknowledged himselfe to owe unto his Highnesse 
the Ld Protector the sume off 10^*, upon this condicon, that the said 
John Crowther shall appeare att the next Gen" session off the peace, 
&c, there to Informe the Co" such Questions as shall be asked him. 



84 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Recogniz. 17 off February, '56. M^ : Ihat Rich. Clege off 
Neither Shitlington, husbandman, & John Reed off Thornes, in the 
pish off Wakefcild, husbandman, acknowledged themselues seu''"y to 
owe unto his Highnesse the Ld Protector, &c., the sume off 10^*, upon 
this condicon, that Mercy Pickard off Ossett, singlewoman, shall be 
off the good behauiour for one whole yeare next ensueing. 

Marriage. 19*** off Feb., 1656. M*^ : That Christopher Corn well 
& Elizabeth Rakestrawe, both of Thornhill, were this day, in the p'sence 
of Gervas Battley, Tho : Pulley & John Rakestrawe, all off Thornhill, 
duly married before [me] att West Ardsley, &c. 

Marriage. 23'^ U^ : That Will : Pikering off Wakefeild Out- 
wood, & Elizabeth Roper off the same, were this day, in the p'sence 
off Ann Walshawe off Osset, wife off John Walshaw ; Ann Dey, the 
wife off John Dey, off the same; Rosamund Haigh off the same, 
single-woman, duly married before me, &c. 

Swearing. 26"^ off February, '56. M«* : That John Holland off 
Ossett, Alehouse Keep, hath been Lawfully conuicted before me for 
the pphane swearing off one oath, upon the oath off Susan Wilby off 
Ossett. 

SwEAkiNGE. 28*^ off February, '56. M^: That Jane Holland, 
wife off John Boland off Ossett, hath been Lawfully conuicted before 
me for the pphane swearing off one oath, upon the oath off Roger 
Pickard off Ossett, 

Swearing. 21*^ off February, 1656. That Rob' Willie off 
Dewsbury, seruant to Richard Oldered off the same, did w**^ in three 
weekes pphnly sweare one Oath, conuicted before me, upon the Oath 
off Michaell Whitley off Dewesbury. 

Drunknesse. 2^ of March, 1656. M^ : That Tobius Oldered 
off Dewsbury, son off Richard Oldered off the same, hath been 
lawfully conuicted before me. for being drunke, being the first 
offence : Upon the Oath of Michalle Parker & Elizabeth Sauille off 
the Dewsbury. 

Recogn\ 3«* off March, 1656. M^ : That John Thorton off 
Bowling acknowl** himselfe, &c, the sume off 30^ to p'serve a Bill off 
Indictment against one Jonathan Holdsworth, late off Greatt Horton, 
for haueing two wiues [entry crossed out\ 

Swearing. 18 off March, '56. M<* : That George Asquith off 
Bradford hath been LawfuU conuicted before me for the pphane 
swearing off two Oathes, upon the Oath of Richard Nettleton. 

Recogn'. io*»»off March, 1656. M^ : That Henery Ratcliffe off 
Wakefeild, gen*', acknowledgeth himself to owe unto his Highnesse the 
Ld Protector, &c., the sume 10', vizt, upon this condicon, shall appeare 
att the next Gen" Quart' Sessions off the peace to be held for the 
said Riding, to answer his contempt for the refuseing to take a poor 
Child, Lawfull put to him by Indenture, signed by the Churchwardens 
& ou'seers off the poor for Wakefeild, & confirmed by two Justices 
off the peace, & then & there und'goe the censure of the Co'^tt, &c. 



NOTE- BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 85 

Marri[a]ge. 2^^ March, 1657. M^ : Thatt Witt Blakley off 
Flocton, in the pish of Thornhill & Mary Williamson of the ffallowes 
in the same pish, were this day, in p'sence of Crissias Blakeley 
off Flockton, Andrew Tias & John Senier, both of Kirkeheaton, duly 
married before, &c. 

Recogn. Assizes. 31^^ of March, '57. Since last Assizes. M^: 
That Henery Bruerton of Adwalton, yeoman, & Witt Broone of 
Gomersell, Millner, acknowledged themselues seu'ally to owe unto his 
Highnesse the Ld Proctector, &c., the sumes of 10^ a peece, upon 
this condition, that att the next assis?es they shall p'ferre a bill of 
Inditment against Will: Barrett for the felonious breakeing of Spen 
Millne, and giue the best euidence they can concerning the same, & 
nott depte w^N)ut Leaue of the Co". 

Marri[a]ge. Aprill 8th, 1657. M** : That John Rakestraw & 
Elizabeth Hepworth both of Thornhill, were this day, in the p'sence 
of Rob' Bedford of [PGrandye] gentl., Tho. Pulley & Edward Elmeson 
of Thornhill, duly married before me, &c. 

Recogn. Sessions. 6 April, 1657. M<* : That SamuelJ Glouer of 
Aluerthorpe became bound before me in the sume of ten pounds, 
upon this condiCon, that he shall att the next Gen''ll Quart*" Sessions 
of the peace to be held for the said Riding preferre one Bill of 
Enditm' against one Will : Whiteseds of Rauchcliffe, for the mixeing of 
woole and sand, and sellinge the same in the open markett att 
Wakefeild for good and vendable woole. 

Gen«' ^ Quart"* Sessions, held att Pontifractte the 7th of Aprill, 
1657, & all Recognizance & sweares certified. 

Recg"- Assizes. Aprill the 8th, '57. Edward Brooke, of Ocken- 
shaw in this Riding, Tanner, Roger Pollard of the same. Cloth', 
acknowledged themselues seu'all to owe unto his Highnesse the Ld 
Protector the sume of fortie pounds apeece, upon this condicon, y* 
Witt Barrett of Gomersall, in the county afforesaid, shall psonally 
appeare att the next (jen" Goale deliuery to be held for the said 
County to answer unto such matf^ &c, shall be obiected against him 
for feloniously entering into Spen Mill and takeinge and carrying 
away seu'all goods and moneys out of the millnere chest there And 
then and there und'goe the censure of the Co^S &c. Fees paid. 

Recog" to p'ferre a bill of Inditmt att Sessions. April the i6*^ 
1657. M^: That Thomas Wilson one of the Sargant att mase of 
the Cittie of Yorke, Samuell Rusam of the same, and Henery 
Woodworth of Hunsworth, became bound before me, Thomas Wilson 
in 40* and the other each in 20'^ yt they shall appeare att Sessions 
and pferre a Bill of Enditment against Will : Webb and Elizabeth 
his wife, Roger Pollard, Isabell Walker and Jenett Brooke of Oken- 
shaw, for assailteinge and makeing an affray, and alsoe for rescuing 
one Edward Brooke of Ockenshaw, arrest by a warr' from S** Robertt 
Barricke kn*, who was formerly a p'son*^ in York, and arrested att the 
sute of Rich. Atkinson, and made an ascape. 



86 NOTE BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Recog^- Fees not p*^. i6'»> of Aprill, '57. M<* : That Will. 
Hepworth of Almonbury, yeoman, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe 
unto his Highnesse, &c., the sume of 20^, and Reney Tr . . . urd of the 
same, maicer, 10*; yt y* said Will. Hepworth shall psonally appeare att 
the next Gen" Sessionf &c. to answer unto such matt" &c., & in the 
meantime be of the good behauiour &c. for abuses the constable in 
execution of his office, and putting warrant in his pocket when he 
shewed it him. 

Recog«- 25th of April, '57. M^ : That Will. Bradford of West 
Ardsley, Cloth'*, and Henery Haigh of the same, wiere drawer, became 
bound, each in 40", y* Stephen Browne of the same shall appeare 
att the next Gen" Sessions of the peace to be held for the said 
Riding, and in the meane time to be of the good behauio*" for 
threatning to burne the house of M*" Greenwood. Fees p**. 

Recog^- 27**» Aprill, '57. M**: That John Nettleton of Tonge, Cloth"", 
acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnesse y* Ld Protecto'' 
& his success" the suine of 40^', & Christopher Nettleton of the same, 
tanner, & James I-»aw of the same, husbandman, acknowdgd them- 
selues as affors<* each in 30^ upon this condition, y' John Nettleton 
shall appeare att the next Gen^all Quart*" Sessions of the peace 
to be helde for the said Riding, to answer unto such matt"* &c. 
concerninge the dangerous hurteing & wounding of one William 
Walton of Wibsey, millner. And then and there to doe and receiue 
what by the Co^ shall be inioyned him for the same. Fees paid. 

Su^YE" of y* Hig[h]waies. 27 th of Aprill, '57. M*^ : y^ Rich. 
Beamont of Liu'seed, yeoman, were sworne before me the day afore- 
said, su^'veyo'^ for the Highwaies w*^in the pish of BurstalL 

Recog»- Fornication. 29 of Aprill. M*^: y' Francis Gill of 
Ossett, yeoman, & Rob* Thornes of the same, Cloth*^, became bound 
before me, each in 20', upon the condicon y' Francees Wright of 
Ossett aforesaid, singlewoman, shall be of the good behauiour for one 
whole yeare now next ensueinge. 

Marriage. 30th of Aprill, '57. M*^: y' John Land of Horbury, 
Cloth^, & Elizabeth Johnson off Ossett, in the pish of Dewsbury, 
were this day, in the p'sence of John Awdsley of Ossett, yeoman, & 
Will. Awdsley of the same. Cloth dresse', & Ralph Wilson of 
Wakefeild, Talier, duly married before me at West Ardsley, &c, 

Recogn"- Fornication. 2nd of May, '57. M^: y' Thomas 
Brooke of Morley, husbandman, Nicolas Blackbume of the same, 
Cardmak'^, & Rob' Blackbume of the same, Cardmaker, acknowledg 
theraselues seu'ally to owe unto his Highnesse the Vd Protecto', &c., 
the sume of 10^ a peece, upon this condition, y* Sarah Blackbume 
of the same, singlew^, shall for one whole yeare now next ensueinge 
be of good behauiour. Fees paid. 

Surveyors. 4'^ of May, '57. M<*: y' Henery Casson & Francis 
Smith, both of Middleton, was sworne before me surveyors for the 
highwayes of the pish of Rothwell. 



NOTE-BOOR OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 87 

Rkcog*- Assizes. 4'*^ of May, '57. M<*: That John Tirry of 
Gawthorpe, cardeboardmaker, acknowldg himselfe to owe unto his 
Highnesse the Ld Protector, &c., the sume of 10^, upon this con- 
dition, yt he shall appeare att the next Gen*^^ Goale deliuery, & then 
& there giue the best euidence he can against Thomas Jager late of 
Osse[t], Waller, & Jane Speight of the same, concerninge Incest, and 
nott dept w^ut Leaue of the Co'**. 

Marriage. 5th May, 1657. M<*: That Christopher Wooffenden 
of Darton, and Martha Naylor of Hoyland, were this day in the 
p'sence of Rob' Inman, minister of Hoyland ; Joshua Worrall of the 
same, Coradwayner; Rich: Nightingale, Bargh, husbandman, and 
diy* others, duly married before me, &c. 

Recog«- 6th of May, '57. M^: yt Rofet Lily of Kirkheaton, 
Blacksmith, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnesse the 
L'd Protector, &c., the sume of 10', upon this condition, vizt, if the 
said Robertt Lilly appeare att the next Gen*"" Quarf Sessionf of the 
peace, &c, to answer his contempt for refuseinge to take a poore 
Child an apprentice Lawfully put to him, &c. 

Surveyors. 7^ of May, '57. M**: yt John Crowther of Morley, 
yeoman, Will. Bumill of the same, mason, & Richard Austwicke, 
yeoman, were swome suruey" of Highwaies in the pish of Batley for 
this p'sent yeare. 

Surveyors. 8th May, '57. M^: y* Witt Barber of Warton, 
Linen weauer, & RoBt Gamble of the same, yeoman, sworne surveyors 
of Highwaies for the pish of Sandall. 

Drunkennesse. 8'** of May, '57. John Lister of South Henley, 
con[v]icted before me this day, of drunkenesse att Wakefeild, & paid 
his fine. 

Su'vEYORS. la*** of May, '57. M<*: That John Greenwood of 
Soothill, yeoman, & Richard Archer of Chickeinlay, yeoman, & John 
Rhodes of Chidsall Cooper, sworne su'^veyors of Highwaies for the 
pish of Dewsbury. 

SwEARiNGE. 13'** of May, '57. M*^: That Francis Dixon of 
Stanley, milner, was conuicted before me for the pphane swearing of 
one oath in Stanley upon the 6th Apll last. 

Marriag. 1 8th May, '57. M**: That Reonald Tink' of the pish 
of Hoyland, & Margarett Wood of the pish of Kirkheaton, were this 
day, in the p'sence of Joseph Wood of Lepton, Cloth*^; Rich : Clayton 
of Clayton, Tanner, duly married before me, &c. 

Marriage. 19th of May, ('57). W: That Philip Awty of 
Dewsbury, & Esther Touleson of the same, were this day, in the 
p'sence of Rob^ Touleson of Earlesheaton, Cloth*^; Will. Touleson of 
Duesbury, Cloth^; Joshua Awty of the same. Cloth''; & Will. Hepworth 
of the same, Cloth^ duly married before me, &c. 



88 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

., Recog«- 19th of May ('57). M^: That John Horne of Wake- 
feild, Marchant, acknowledgth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the 
Ld Protecto"" & his successors the sume of 10*, upon this condicon, 
yt he shall pferr a Bill of Enditment against one Christo' Scott, his 
late seruent, for the felonious stealleing & conueying from him one 
sword & three Books. 

Recog^ 28th of May, '57. M<*: y^ Will: Jewett of Gawthorpe, 
yeoman, & Richard Fearneley of the same, yeoman, & Will : Feameley 
of the same, Cardboad maker, acknowledg themselues to owe unto 
his Highnesse the Ld Protecto*" the sume of lo^, upon this condicon, 
yt the said Will. Jewett shall henceforward be of good beheauiour, 
&c. 

For 2"** offence of Drunkennesse pued upon the oath of Tho. 
Finey & Grace his wife. 

Drunkeness. 29th of May, '57. M<*: That Will: Robinson of 
Upper Shittlington, husbandman, was conuicted before me of 
drunkenesse upon the Oath of Richard Healey of Wakefd. 

Swearing. 29th of May, '57. M**: That Will. Robinson of 
Upper Shittlington, was conuicted before me for the pphane swearinge 
of one oath at Horbury upon the oath of Rich : Healey of Wakefeild. 

Recog*- 29^^ of May, '57. M^: That John Setterfeild of 
Newhall, in the pish of Thornhill, gent', shall pferre a Bill of 
Enditment against one Will : Walker of Bankehouse, in the pish of 
Kirkeheaton, concerning the felonious takeing & carrying away 
certaine peece of Cleft oke wood out of the woods att Shittlington, 
of the goods of S*" Edward Wortley [gn^ry crossed out\ 

Recog=- 2*^*^ June, '57. M*^: yt Rob' Killingbecke of Middleton, 
Cloth*", acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protecto"^ the suine of 20^, & John Man of the same, Cloth^ the 
sume of lo^ & Richard Daniell the sume of 10^*, upon this condiCon, 
y' Rob* Killingbecke shall appeare att the next session, & in the 
meanetime to keepe the peace toward Elizabeth, his wife. 

Marriage. 3rd of June, '57. M**: That Richard Sheard of 
Merfeild, Cloth', & Elizabeth Tompson of the same, were this day, 
in the p'sence of Thomas Tompson of Merfeild, yeoman; Tho. 
Sheard of the same, Cloth"^ ; Will. Hall of the same, yeoman, duly 
married before att West Ardsley in the said Ridinge, &c. 

Marriage. 3'*^ of June, '57. M<*: That Anthony Teale of 
Wakefeild, Outwood, Cloth*", & Rosamon Fozard of the same, were 
this day, in the p'sence of Rich : Harrison of Wakefeild Outtwood, 
Cloth**; Clemitt Bowelinge of the same. Cloth'; John lUingworth of 
the same. Cloth*"; & Tho. Copley of the same. Labourer, duly married 
before me att West Ardsley in the said Riding, &c. 

Swearing. 3*"^ of June, '57. M*^: That Elizabeth the wife of 
Tho : Willans of Robbin Hood hill in Wakefeild Outt Wood, was 
conuicted before me for the pphane swearing of two Oathes upon 
the Oath of Will Cassan, constable of Stanley. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 89 

Marriage. 8*** of June, '57. M^ : That John Morkeson the yonger 
of Kirkeburton, Tanner, & Martha Robinson of high Burton, were this 
day, in the p'sence of Georg Robucke of highburton ; Tho : Morkeson 
of the same. Butcher; & Georg Like of ThorncHffe, husbandman, duly 
married before me, &c. 

Marriage. 8th of June, '57. M^: That Samuell Wood of high 
burton. Cloth', & Ann Booth, of the same, weer this day, in the 
p'sence of Joshua Wright of high burtton, Taler ; John Taliour of 
Smith Burton, Cloth''; & Joshua Booth of Thorncliff, shoomaker, 
duly married before me, &c. 

SwEARiNGE. 9th of June, '57. M**: That Anthony Sheard of 
Ossett, yeoman, were this day conuicted before me upon his owne 
Confession for the pphane swearinge of two Oathes. 

Recog'. Sessions. Fees not pd. loth of June, '57. M*^ : That 
John Dey of Ossett, wyerdrawer, & Tho : Philip of the same. Card- 
maker, & John Jagger of the same, acknowldg themslevs to owe unto 
his Highnes the Ld Protector the sume of 10^, upon this condicon, 
yt the said John Dey shall appeare att the next Sessions, & in the 
mean time be of good behauiour, for quarreling & fighting with 
Ekiw. Butterfeild & John Maud in the open Street at Ossett upon 
loth May last, being Lds-day about break of day. 

Recog»- 1 2th of June, '57. M<*: That John Harrison of West 
Ardsley & John Casson of the same, yeoman, acknowledge them- 
selues seu'ally to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protected &c., the 
sume of 10", upon this Condicon, that the sd John Harrison shall 
behaue himselfe in all things according to the Statute for Alehouses, 
& allsoe Joseph Naylor of Ossett, yeoman, acknowledg himselfe, &c., 
in the sume of lo^ & Georg Otley of the same. Cloth', & John 
Whitley, Cloth**, the sume of 5^, upon this condiCon, that the sd Joseph 
Naylour shall behaue himselfe in all things according to the Statute. 

Recog Sessions. Fees not pd. 10*** of June. Tho : Shepley 
of Dewsbury, yeoman, & Nicholas Naylour of the same, yeom., 
acknowledgd himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector, 
&c., the suine of 10', upon this cdicn, y* the sd Tho : Shepley appeare 
att Sessions, & in the meanetime be of good behauiour. 

John Tomson, Swearing, & being the 7 : & 9 : offences cer. 
punished for 3 Oathes, 20*. i6th of June, '57. M*^ : That John 
Tompson of Hangingheaton, husbandman, was conuicted before me 
for the pphane swearing of fouer Oathes in the house of Susan Lee 
of Thomhill, Alehouse keep, upon the i8th of May last upon the Oath 
of Gorg I>ee & Will. Jones of Thomhill. 

Marriage. i8»*» of June, '57. M^: That Will: Hirst & Jane 
Ricales of Thomhill, were this day, in the p'sence of John Brook, 
Francis Haigh & Joh Hill, all of Breeswell, Cloth", duly married 
before me att West Ardsley. 



90 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Swearing. i8th of June, '57. M** : That Hener>' Wilcock of 
Slaighwaite, Cloth', was this day Lawfully conuicted before me for 
the pphane swearing of three Oathes upon the oath of John Brooke 
of Adwalton, gent'. 

Swearing. 19th of June, '57. M^: That Widdow Fearnley of 
Thomhill, Alehousekeep, was this day Lawfully conuicted before me 
for the pphane swearing of one oath upon the oath of Anne 
Sheard, the wife of John Sheard of Dewsbury, Labourer. 

Swearing. 20th of June, '57. M^: That John Sheard of 
Dewsbury, labourer, was this day Lawfully conuicted before me for 
the pphane swearing of one oath upon the oath of Margrett Robbertf , 
seruant to Widdow Fearnley of Thomhill. 

Marriage. 22th of June, 1657. M^: That Michaell Brodhead 
& Mary Nussie both of the pish of Thomhill, were this day, in the 
p'sence of John Nussie of Thomhill, naylour, & John Jagger of 
Ossett, wierdrawer, duly married before me according to a late Act 
of Parliam*, &c. 

Marriage 22th of June, 1657. M**: That John Crosley of 
Kirkeburton, shoemaker, & Mary Archer of Shepley, were this day, 
in the presence of Tho. Hobson, John Archer & Joseph Hobson all 
of Shepley, duly married 'before me, &c. 

Recogn. 24th of June, '57. M**: y' Thom. Holdsworth of 
Hopton, Cloth', & Thomas Blackburne of Merfeild, Cordwayner, & 
Will. Bameforth of the same. Cloth*", acknowledg themselves seu'ally 
to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector, &c., the [sum of] 5^ 
upon this condition, yt the said Thomas Holdsworth shall appeare 
att the next Gen*"" Quart' Sessions of the peace to be held for this 
Riding, and in the meantime to keepe the peace towards his 
Highnes, &c., & especially towrds Edward Brook of the same. 
Cloth'. 

Marriage. 24th of June, '57. M*^: That John Steele of the 
pish of Birstall & Alice Deakon of the same, were this day, in the 
p'sence of Simon Steele of Drighlington, Taylor ; Will. Scott of the 
same. Tanner; and Rodger Pollard of the same. Cloth', duly marride 
before me, &c., att West Ardsley, &c 

Marriage. 24th June, '57. M^ : yt Robt Lee of the pish of 
Thomhill & Isabell Cowerd of the sanie, were this day, in the p'sence 
of Thomas Wilcoke of the same. Mason, & Gorg Lee of the same. 
Labourer, duly married before me, &c., att West Ardsley. 

Marriage. 2nd July, '57. M*^: That John Wilson of Dewsbury, 
Mason, & Jane Kitson of Thornbill, were this day, in the p'sence of 
Edward Kitson of Thomhill, Joyner ; Edard Elmesell of the same, 
Batcheler; & Joseph Jepson of Dewsbury, mason, & others, duly 
married before me att West Ardsley, &c. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 91 

SwEAREiNG. 8th of July, '57. M<*: That Susan, the wife of 
Joseph Harrison of Ossett, naylor, was lawfully conuicted before me 
for the prophane swearinge of one oath & one curse att Ossett upon 
the 7th inst, upon the oath of Rodger Hirst & Rob' Dickinson of 
Ossett aforesaid; the curse she confessd. 

Marriage. 9th of July, '57. M<* : That Michaell Broadhed of 
the pish of Thornhill, & Phebe Webster of the pish of Dewsbury, 
were this day, in the p'sence of Elkanah Mitchell of Dewsbury, 
gent*; Matthew Waterhouse of nether Shittlington, yeoman; John 
Spinie of Thornhill, yeoman, and diuers others, duly married before 
me, &c. 

Recogniz"- 14th of July, '57. M*^: That John Walshaw of 
Ossett, yeoman, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the 
Ld Protector, &c., the sume of 20*, John Sugding of the same, 10*, 
Will: Shepard, 10*, y' John Walshaw shall appeare att the next 
Sessions, & in the meane time to keep the peace towards his 
Highnes the Ld Protecter, &c., especially towardf Georg Brook of 
Ossett, aforesaid. 

SwEAREiNG. 9 July, '57. M<* : That John Awtie of Dewsbury, 
Qoth*", was conuicted before me for the pphane swaring of nine 
oathes upon the 26th of June last, & alsoe att the same being 
dninke, upon the oath of Rich. Oldered. 

Marriage, ijlh July, '57. M^: That Richard Denton & 
Elizabeth Firth both of Darton, were this day, in the p'sence of 
Richard Firth of Huddersfeld, carpenter; John Denton of Darton, 
Blacksmith, & diu" others, duly marr'd before me, &c. 

Marriage. 15th July, '57. M^: That John Hill of y« pish of 
Thornhill, cloth', & Anne Dolife of the same, were this day, in the 
presence of Will. Beitson of Whitley; Richard Jackson of the same, 
cloth' ; & Abraham Doliffe of Kirkheaton, duly marrid before me, &c. 

Swearing. i6th of Aprill, '57. M**: That William Hepworth of 
Almonbury, yeom., Lawfullie conuicte [of] one pphane oath & 
Certified. 

Swearing. i6th of Aprill, '57. M*^ : That Dorothy the wife of 
Michaell Farrand of Almonbury, Cloth', lawfullie conuicd before me 
for the pphane sweareng fiue oathes upon the oath of John Whewall 
of Hecmond[wike], & warrt sent out to answer the p'misses. 

Quart" Sessions. Gen" Quart' Sessions held att Leeds the i6th 
of July, 1657, all Recognizances & sweares Certified. 

Recog"- The i8th of Aprill, '57. M^ : y* Thomas Brooke of 
Morley acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protect' the sume of 10*, upon this Condic", that Nicolas Blackburne 
of the same, who is Licensed to keepe a Comon Alehouse, shall 
use & maintaine good rule according to the Statute, & Nicholas 
Blakbume afors*^ acknowldg, &c., ye sume of 10* upon the condicon 
aforsd. 



92 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Marriag. 19th of July, '57. M° : That Thomas Brooke of 
Birscall, & Ester Birkehead of the pish of Batley, were this day, in 
the p'sence of John Hardcastle of Batley, yeoman, & Thomas Walker 
of Brstoll, & others, duly marrd before me, &c. 

Constable. 20th of June, '57. M*^ : That John Hall was sworne 
before me constable of Thomhill for the yeare ensueing. 

Swearing. 20th of July, '57. M**: That Thomas Wilcocke of 
Chidsell was Lawfullie conuicted before me of one pphane curse in 
the feilde att Rothwell. 

Recog« 14th of August, '57. M^: That Farninando Garnett of 
Carleton in the pish of Snath, mettleman, & Joseph Fell of Wake- 
feild, Cloth'^, acknowlg themsleus seu'ally to owe unto his Highnes 
the Ld Protector, &c., the said Garnett the sume of 20*, & the said 
Fell the sume of lo^ upon this conditicon, yt one Will Garnett, son 
to the said Fardinando Garnett, shall appeare att the next Gen" 
Quart' Sessions of the peace to be held for this Riding, to answer 
concerning the hurting & dangerously woundend one Will. Ellis of 
Wakefeild, dyer, soe yt he is in danger of Death, &c. 

Drunkennesse. 14th August, 1657. M^: That Christopher 
Smith the elder of Low-Laiths in Ossett, was this day conuict before 
me off being drunke at Aluerthorpe upon the 31th July last, upon 
the oath off Will. Wadsworth. 

Swearing. 14th Aug: ('57) M**: That Matthew Longley of 
Horbury, Clothier, was this day conuict of swearing one pphane oath 
at Horbury upon 7*^ instant upon his owne confession. 

Prophaning Lds-Day. 17 Aug. ('57). M^: That John Batty of 
Aluerthorp, Milner, was this day conuict before me of Grinding 
• Come in the water mill att Low Laiths in Ossett, upon i6th instant, 
being Lord's Day, & also of doing worldly labour the same day with 
a spade about the Miln Dam, upon the oath of Christop. Smith, 
iun', of Low Laiths, & also upon his owne Confession. 

Recog. 17th of Aug. ('57). M**: That Christopher Anderson of 
Slightholme in the pish of Bow, in the North Riding of the Countie 
of Yorke, acknowledgth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protector, &c., the sume of 20^, upon this condition, that the said 
Christopher Anderson shall att the next Gen'^" Goale deliuery to be 
held for this Countie preferre a Bill of Inditm^ against one George 
Raine, now a prisoner in the castle off Yorke, for feloniously stealeing 
& carrieing away a red Heifer of the goods & chatties of the said 
Christopher Anderson, and then & there glue the best euidence he 
can concerning the same, And nott dept w***out Leaue of the Co"^'. 

Recogn^ 19'** of Aug: '57. M^ : That Houmfrey Beamont of 

sland, in the West Riding of Yorkshir, acknowledg himselfe 

to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector, &c., the sume of lo^ 
upon this condition, that he shall appeare att the next Gen""" Goale 



NOTK-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 93 

deliu^ to be held for this countie, and then & there giue the best 
euidence he can against one George Rayne, now a p''soner in the 
castle of Yorke, concerning a red Heifer yf^^ he bought of him w*=^ 
the said George Ra5me hade stolen from one Cristopher Anderson, 
& nott dept w*^out Leaue of the Co"^'. 

CoNUiCTioN OF Fornication. i8th of August, 1657 



Recog=- i8'*» of August, 1657. M^: That John Tirrie of Gaw- 
thorpe, Cardboard maker, acknowiedgeth himselfe to owe unto his 
Highnes the Ld Protector the suine of 20', Henry Wilkingson of 
Chidsell, Husbandman, & Will. Kitson of Gawthorpe, Cloth'', 
acknowledg themselfes seu'^ally to owe unto his Highnes, &c., the sume 
of 10* a peece, upon the condition y' John Tirrie shall appeare att 
the next Sessions, &c., & in the meane time keepe the peace towards 
his Highnes, &c., and all people, especiallie towards Will. Jewett of 
Gawthorpe. 

Fornication. i8**»of August, 1657. M^i That Ann Dobson of 
Olton was this day sent by me to the house of Correction for 
want of suerties for her appearance att Sessions 

Drunken*. 20*** August, 1657. M**: That Will. Hicke of West 
Ardsley was conuicted upon my owne token of Drunkenes, & warr' 
sent to Leuie 5*. 

Recog«- 24^ of August, 1657. M^: That Tho: Sheard of 
Merfeild, Blacksmith, acknowledg himselfe to owe unto his Highnes 
the Ld Protecto', &c., the sume of 20*, & Tho : Sanior of Hopton, 
yeoman, & John Sheard of Dewsbury, labourer, acknowiedgeth them- 
selues seu'ally to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector the sume 
of lo^ a peece, upon this condition, that the said Tho: Sheard shall 
appeare att the next sessions, to answer thereunto such matt'* as on 
the behalfe of his Highnes the Ld Protecto*" shall be obiected 
against him. 

Drunkenes. Sweareing. 27th August, '57. M** : That Francis 
Roberts of Oulton, Bodymaker, informes upon oath that Richard 
Booth of Temple Newsam, yeoman, was on Monday last the 24th 
inst drunke att Whitchurch, & att the same time did pphanely 
sweare one Oath. Warr* sent out to Leuie the forfeiture of eight 
shillings fower pence. 

Recog«- iSth of August, '57. M<>: That James Crabtree of 
Adwalton, Cloth*", acknowiedgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes 
the Ld Protect% &c., the suine of 10*, upon the condition that he 
shall appeare att the next Gen"^" Goale deliuery to be held for this 
countie, & then & there giue the Best euidence he can against one 
Georg Rayne, now a p''soner in the Castle of Yorke, concerning the 
felonious stealeing of an Red Heifer, the goods of one Christopher 
Alderson of Slightholme in the pish of Bowe, in the North Riding of 
the said Countie. 



94 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Drunkenes. 3 i« of August, 1657. M<*: That George Boole of 
O^sett, Butcher, was this day Lawfullie conuicted before me on the 
oath of John Thornton of Wakefeild, joyner, that he was this day 
drunke att Horbury; a wrr* sent out to Leuie 5". 

Recog'. Good behauV. 15 of September, '57. M^ : That Francis 
Reyner of Carleton, husbandman, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto 
his Highnes the I-^d Protect', &c., the sume of 20*, & Rob* Reyner 
of the same, husbdman, the sume of 10^, upon this condition, that the 
said Francis Reyner shall appeare att the next Sessions to answer unto 
such matters as on the behalfe of the Ld Protecto' shall be obiected 
against him for hauepng] a Bastard child. And in the meane time 
be of good behauiour, &c. 

Marriage, i^' of Septemb*", '57. M*^: That Simione Fox of 
Soothill, & Margeritt Burton booth of Soothill, were this day, in the 
p''sence of John Walker of Soothill, gent; John Greenwood of the 
same, yeoman; & John Nettleton of Haningheaton, husbandman, 
lawfully married before mee. 

9 of Septemb'. M^ : That Edwin Hanson of Staneley was this 
day Lawfully conuictd before me for the pphane swearing of one 
Oath in Stanley, 29th of July last 

29th of August, 1657. M^: That Will: Fletcher informes y' he 
tpgether w'** other two, dranke 6** a peece at one widdow Goodall off 
Chidsle, w'*»out any Lawfull occasion this day, & yt the said Widdow 
Goodall is a woman of very euill behauiour, whereupon I discharged 
her from brewing & tooke in her Licence. 

Marriage. 15*^ Sept, 1657. M«^: That Will: Barber & Marye 
Swindall was this day, in the p^sence of Will : Swindell of Merfeild ; 
Tho: JBarkefr of the same; Edward Barker of the same, Cloth"*, duly 
marrid att West Ardsley before me. 

Recog"^ tSth Septemb', '57. M** : That Henery Westerman of 
Loftus, yeoman, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes 
the Ld Protector the sume of 10*, upon this condition, yt he pferre 
a Bill of Enditment against one Rich : Townend, now a p''soner in 
the house of Correction, concemg the stealcing of a Q ... of E ... e. 
And then & there giue the best euidence he can concerning the 
same, and nott dept w^out I.,eave of the Co*^'. 

Conuictd of Fornication. 21st of Septemb*", '57. M^: That 
Ann Lupton of Dewsbury was conuictd before me for haueing .... 

Drunkenes. 21st of Septemb', '57. M.^: That Philip Awty of 
Dewsbury, cloth**, was conuicted upon his owne confession for being 
drunke upon the 6st inst, being Lds Day. 

Marriage. 23th of Septemb*", 1657. M<*: That Henery Wamsley 
of Batley, Cowper, & Grace Speight of Chidsell, in the pish of 
Dewsbury, were this day, in the p*^sence of John Rhods of Chidsell, 
cowper; Edward Mosley of Soothill, cloth''; & RoBt Nettleton of 
Dewsbury, Batch', & others, duly married before me att West Ardsley, 
&c. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 95 

Trauilling on Lds Day. 23* Sept., 1657. M**: That Henery 
Cockill of Woodlsworth, husbandman, this day conuict before me for 
trauelUng from Wodlsworth to Hunslet upon the 6th inst., being 
Lds day, about his own occasions, & returned to Rothwell Church 
in the aftemoone. 

Information of Drunkenes. 26^** of Sep: '57. M*^: That 
James Chadwicke of Wakefeild, Innkeep, Informd upon Oath that 
Thomas Taylour of Wakefeild was upon the 14th of May last or 
thereabouts drunke att Wakefe**, and therupon a warr* is sent out to 
answer the p'^misses, dated the 26th of September inst. 

Recog^ 6th of Octob', '57. M^: That John Lister of Bolton, 
yeom., acknowledg himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protecto' the sume of 20*, & John Lister the elder of the same, in 
sume of 10', & Will Hamond of Bolton, in the suine of 10 PJ, upon 
this condition, yt the said John Lister shall appear att the next 
Sessions, & in the meane time keep the peace toward his Highnes, 
&c, especially towards Tho. Stansfeild of Bolton. 

Tho : Taylor. Conuiction of the 2nd Offence of Drunkeness. 
Sth of Octob', '57. W : That Thomas Taylor of Wakefeild, wheel- 
wright, was this day Lawfully couictd before me for being drunke 
upon the 14th May last, yt^^ is the second offence of drunkenes by 
him committed as appereth to me by war' und*" the hand & seale 
of John Ward, esq*", dated the loth of March last, by w<^ warr* the 
said Thomas Taylor was conuicted before M' Ward for the first 
offence of drunk[n]es. And the said Thomas Taylor was by me 
required the day abouesaid to finde sufficient suerties to become 
bound in one Recognozance in the sume of 10*, to the use of the 
Ld Protector &c., yt he ye said Thomas Taylor shall hence forward be 
of good behau', the wich he refused to doe, whereupon I committed 
him to the Castle of Yorke according to Lawe till he become bound 
as aforesaid. 

The Gen"»-«- Quart" Sessions held att Wakefeild the 8«*» of 
Octob', 1657, all Recognizances & sweares Certified. 

Recog"- 14th of Octob', 1657. M^: That Edward Taylor 
seruantt to John Hodgson, esq., acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto 
his Highnes the Ld Protector & his successors, &c., the sume of 
io>, upon this condition, yt he shall psonally appeare att the next 
Gen'" Sessions, &c, & pferre a Bill of Enditm* against one Samuell 
Stockdall for the felonious stealeing & carrying away two yeowe 
sheppe of his sd Mrs., & then & there giue the best euidence he can 
concemg the same, & nott deptt wthout Leaue of the Co"', &c. 

Recog«- Fees 2*. 17th of Oct*", 1657. M^: That Matthew Smirfitt 
of Morley, Cloth', acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his Highnes, 
&c, the sume of 2o\ & Milles Towlson of the same, Housewright, 
10*, Edward Esquith of the same. Cloth', 10*, upon this Condition, 
that the said Matthew Smirfitt shall psonally appeare att the next 



96 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Genrll Quart' Sessions of the peace to be held for this Riding, to 
answer his contempt of a warr't granted against John Smirfit of 
Moreley, Cloth'^, & in the meane time be of good behauiour. 

Drunkenes. 22th of Octob'. M*^: That Ehara Thornton 
seruant to John Holdsworth, Informes upon oath yt John Feamley 
of Great Gomersall, Labourer, was upon the 28th of July, being 
Tuesday night, drunke att the house of one Will. Audsley of Greatt 
Gomersall aforesaid, Alehousekeep, & y' the said Fearnley pd 5*. 

Mariage. 26th Octob', '57. W: That John White of the pish 
of Thomhill, mason, & Alice Beehard of Ossett, were this day, in 
the p'sence of John Stappleton & RoBt Stappleton, both of Earles- 
heaton. Cloth", duly married before me, &c. 

Recog=- Sessions. 3"^ of Noumb', '57. M**: That Mary 
Claughton of Rothwell, widd : acknowledgeth herselfe to owe unto 
his Highnes the Ld Protector, &c., the suine of 40^, & Micaell 
Sauell, Rothwell, Lingeweauer, 20^, & Henery Whilde of Rothwell, 
Labourer, 20', upon this condition, yt y® said Mary Claughton shall 
psonally appear att the next Gen""^ Quarf^ Sessions of the peace to 
be held for this Riding, to answer unto such matt", &c., for the 
suspition of stealleing a siluer spoone of the goods of M"" Tho: 
Percie of Rothwell. 

Recog"- Sessions. 3"* of Noumb*", 1657. M** : That Ann 
Hartley seruant to M*^ Tho ; Percie of Rothwell, acknowdg herselfe to 
owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector, &c., the sume of 40^ upon 
this condition, y' the said Ann Hartley shall appeare att the next 
Sessions, &a, & then & ther pferre a Bill of Enditm' against one 
Mary Clougton of Rothwell, widdow, conceminge the suspition of 
stealeing of a siluer spoone of the goods of the said M*" Percie, and 
then & there giue the best euidence she can concemeinge the same, 
and nott depte w%ut leaue of the Co*^'. 

Doeinge worldly Laboure. 4^ Noumb', '57. M**: That Elline 
Wilby, wife to . . . . ild : Wilby of Ossett, Alehouskeeper, was Lawfully 
conuicted before me for goeinge aboutt her worldly occations, vizt, 
to Alice Booles, wife to Rofet Bull of Ossett, to demande eighteen 
pence of Lent money, and alsoe the said Alice Booth conuicted for 
goeinge to the said .... ild : Wilby house to pay the said Eighteen 
pence upon the ith of 9^^ beinge the Lds day, for w*^ offence they 
haue forfeited the sume of 10* a peece. 

Drunknes. 6^** of 9^^ '57. M«* : That John Feamley of Greatt 
Gomersall, Labourer, was this day Lawfly conuicted before me for 
beinge drunke upon the 28th of July last att Gomersell, & pd 5* 
for the same to be destribtd to the use of the pore of the pish of 
Birstall. 

26th of OctobS '57. W : That Rich : Shepley, John Ledgard, 
Rich. Cozen, & Sam : Rhodes all of Merfeild, was Lawfully conuicted 
before me upon the Oathes of John Wilby & Isarell Rhodes for 



NOTE-BOOK or CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 97 

drinkeinge & tipleinge att the house of Edw : Walker of the same, 
Alehouskeep, upon the 25th inst, beinge y* Lds Day, for w<^ offence 
they haue forfeited lo* a peece, the w<^ is paid & Leuied upone 
them, and is putt into the Churchwardens & ou'seers handf to be 
implid to the use of the most nedfuU poor of the pish of Merfcild, 
& the said Sam : Rhodes for doeinge wodly Labouer 10*. And also 
yt Christopher Heaton & Nicolas Hoygate of Merfeild aforsaid, 
was conuictd for drinkeing and tipleing upon the said day att the 
house of Susan Sherads, Aleh'skep, upon the oathes of John Wilby 
& Rich : Nettleton, for w<* offence they haue forfeit 10* or els to 
sitt in the Stockes 6 howers, w^** Law haue been executed upon 
them. And alsoe y^ Tho: Naylor of the same, & Tho : Naylor of 
Wooley, was conuictd of drinkeing, &c., the day aforesaid att the 
house of Tho; Marshall, Alehouskeep, upon the oathes of John 
Wilby & Rich: Nett, and war' sent out to Leuie or to sett in 
Stockes, the w<* Tho : Marshall pd io», & Tho ; Naylor. And also 
Ed^'d Wilcoke of y* same, Aleh'skp, for harboureinge Rich. Shepley 
man upon y* said day, c'd upon oath by John Wilby & Rich. 
Nettleton, w^ offence y* said Edw : Wilcoke forfeitd & paid 10* to 
be imprd for ye use afors**. And of vf^^ the s^ Churchwdens & ou' 
seers ar to giue me account w***in ten dayes how & to whome they 
haue distributed y« said penalties. 

Recogn att Sessions. 9th of Nouember, '57. M**: That George 
Benson of Rothwell Haye, yeoman, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe 
unto his Highnes the Ld Protect^ &c., the sume of 20^, upon this 
condition, yt one Will : Benson of Oulton, [shall] be of good behauiour 
for one whole yeare next ensueinge. Liberate dated same day. 
Cause was for fornication. 

Swearing. 7th of Nouemb*", '57. M^ : That Abraham Kid of 
Ossett, shoomaker, was Lawfully conuicted before me for the pphane 
swearing of three oathes att Ossett aforesaid, and alsoe Elline VVilby 
wife to John Wilby of Ossett, for the prophane swearinge of two 
oathes att Ossett aforsaid, & alsoe one Alice Boole, wife to Rob' 
Boole of the same, pphanely swere one oath att Ossett aforesaid, 
upon the oath of Christopher Audsley, Constable of Ossett. 

The said Alice Boole was upon the 3 of Nouemb'' conuic for 
swereing aforesaid. 

Recog"- Sessions. loth of 9br, '57. M^: That Tho. Preeston, 
seniant to S** John Sauille, became bound before me by way of 
Recognizance to the use of the Ld ProtectC in the suine [of] 10*, 
upon this condition, yt he shall the next Gen"^" Quart*" Sessions to 
be held for this Ridinge pTerre a Bill of Enditm* against one 
Anthony Awtie & o' Will: Bartton, now p*"son" in the house of 
Correctione for the felonious stealinge & carrying away a certaine 
[Pcoalt], the goods of y« said Tho. Preeston, outt of the Bame of 
the [said] S' John Sauille att Lupsett, and then & there giue the 
best euidence he can conceminge the same, and nott dept w'^^out 
Leaue of the Co^t, &c. 



98 NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

Marriage. 12th of Nouemb^ '57. M^: That The. Copley of 
Wakefeild Outtwood, the yonger, Cloth*", & Mary Williamson of 
Dewsbury, were this day, in the p'sence of Tho : Copley the eld', 
Henery Jefferson & John Storr, duly marrid before me, &c. 

Constable sworne, 13th of 9br, '57. M^: That John lUingworth 
of Stanley was sworne deputie Constable of Stanley for the yeare 
Ensueing, or untill another be sworne, or be Lawfully discharged. 

Conuictn of SwEREiNG. 17'^ of Qbr, *57. M<* : That a warrt was 
sent out by y« hands of Ralph Ashton, gentl, to Leuie the sume of 
2* 6* eight pence of Marke Allott of Emley, for the pphane swearing 
of 7 oathes, being 3"*, 4*^ 5*^, 6**^ 7'^ 8*^ & 9^^ offences by him 
committed, as ap" by warr** from S'' John Sauill, knt., being formerly 
conuict of one pphane oath & one curse. 

Recogn«- Sessions, fees 4*. 18*^ gbr, '57. M^: That Will. 
Ludingion of Ossett, gen**, acknowledgeth himselfe to owe unto his 
Highnes the Ld Protector, &c., the sume of 20*, upon this condition, 
yt he psonally appear att the next Gen'" Quarf Sessions of the peace 
to be held for this Riding, to answer unto such mat" of euill 
behauiour as on the behalfe of his Highnes, &a, shall be obiected 
against hime concemeing the attempting to abuse the bodie of one 
Mary, wife to Michaell Whelwright of Ossett, Cloth"^, when she was 
greate w*** child. Aii then & there to und'goe the censure of the 
Cc^S and in the meane time be of good behauiour. 

Recogn=^ Sessions. Fees 2*. 24th of 9br, '57. M^: That 
Henery Foxcroft of Batley, yeoman, & Connothie Foxcroft of the 
same, acknowledg themselues to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protector, &c., the suine of 10' each, upon this condition, y' that the 
said Henery Foxcroft shall appeare att the next Sessns of the peace, 
and yt he shd abide the [order] of the Co*^ concerning the begotteng 
of a Bastard child of Elizabeth Taylou"" of Thornhill, and in the 
meane time be of good beheau*". 

Recog*- Sessions. 27th of Nouemb*", '57. M**: That RoBt 
Turtton, seruant to M"" Will: Green of Cawthorne, acknowledgeth 
himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector the sume of 
lo^ upon this condition, that he shall psonally appeare att the next 
Sessions att Wakefeild, then & there to pferre a Bill of Enditm* 
against one Marmaduk Wilby, now a p^'son' in the house of Correct" 
for the felonious stealleing and carrying away certaine Clothes of his, 
vizt. a [? Jump] Coatt, a paire of Breeches, a paire of Shoes & knife, 
a new sher & on i% and nott deptt w'^out Leaue of the Co'tt. 

Recog«- Sessions. io^*» of Decemb*", '57. M^: That Joseph 
Rhodes of West Ardsley, Cloth"-, & Mark Allott of Gildersome, 
Cloth"^, acknowledgd himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld 
Protector & his successo" the sume of 10* a peece, upon this con- 
dition, that Ann Luptton of Duesbury be of good behauiour for one 
whole yeare, for fornication. 



NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 99 

Marriag. io*^ of Decemb^, '57. M*^: That Ralph Harris of 
Morley, & Elizabeth Mosse of the same, were this [day], in the 
p^sence of Tho : Huetson of West Ardsley, Cloth'; & Tho : Morley 
of Morlay, Cloth', duely married before [me] att West Ardslay. 

Recog= & Sessions. 19*^ of December, 1657. M** : That Richard 
Hirst of Cloehouse, in the pish of Huthersfeild, acknowledgeth him- 
selfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector and his successors 
the sume of 60*, and Will. Rhodes of Merfeld, yeoman, acknowledgeth 
himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Ud Protector & his successors 
the sume of 40*, upon this condition, y* the said Richard Hirst shall 
personally appeare att the next Gen'" Quart' Sessions of the peace 
to be held for this Riding, to answ' unto such matf* as on the behalfe 
of his Highnes the Ld Protector, shall be obiected against him 
concerning the woundeding of one Tho : Brook of Huthersfeild, soe 
y* he is in danger of death, and then & there und'goe the Censure 
of the C(f^. 

Recogn: Sessions. 30th Decembre, 1657. Toby Oldred of 
Dewsbury, Clother, Robt. Wilbie of y« same. Cloth', acknowledg to 
owe to his Highn's 40" a man. 

Rich : Oldred of Duesbury, clother, Michaell Hauroyd of same, 
Clother, acknowldg, &c., 20** a man. 

Condition that Toby Oldred & Rob^ Wilbie shall both of them 
psonally appeare at next Gen" Quart' Sessions of Peace to answer 
such matters as shall be obiected against them for burning a bark 
stack & diuers boards of wood in y« night time, neer Midgley, the 
goods of Samuell Jepson of Kirk[? burton], Taner, whereby diuers 
dwelling-houses might have been burnd had not y* wind blown 
somewhat fPaway]. And in the meanetime that they & either of 
them be off ye good behauiour. 

Recog"- Sessions. 4th of January, '57. M*^: That Rich: 
Nettleton of Earlesheaton, gent*, and Tho: Bayly of Midgley, Glouer, 
acknowledg themselues seu^ally to owe unto his Highness the L'd 
Protecto'and his successo" the sume of 10* apeece, upon this Condition 
yt they shall, att the next Gen" Quart^ Sessions of the peace to be 
held for the Riding, pferre a Bill of Enditm' against one Tho: 
Nettleton, now a p'son' in the house of Correction, for the felonious 
stealling and carrying away a certaine White Gray Cloake or Rokitt, 
the goods of y* said Rich : Nettleton, & then & there giue the best 
euidence they can concerning the same, & nott deptt w^outt Leaue 
of the Co«^ 

Recog^ Sessions. 4 January, '57. M**: That Rob' Walker of 
Burstall, rough mason, acknowledg himselfe to owe unto his Highnes 
20*, & Sam. Scoalfeild of the same & Tho: Crauen of the same. 
Cloth**, 10* apeece, upon this condition, that whereas the aboue bound 
Rob* Walker did, upon the first of January, in the euening, cutt downe 
a window stanchen & broake into a certaine dwelling house of one 
Rob* Dixon of Batley, & pulled up the range & broake the Locke of 



lOO NOTE-BOOK OF CAPTAIN JOHN PICKERING. 

the dore, where by the said house was layd open to the comon 
highway. Iff therefore ye said Rofet Walker appeare y* next Sessions 
to be held for this Rid : & in the meantime be of good behauiour. 

Recog^ Sessions. 7'** January, '57. M^: That Will. Brook of 
Heckmondwicke,and Elizabeth Procter of the same, widdow,acknowledg 
themselues seu^ally to owe unto his Highnes the Ld Protector and 
his successors the sume of 10^ apeece, upon this condition, yt they 
doe att the next Gen""^* Quart*" Sessions of the peace to be held for 
this Riding, preferre two Bills of Endictmt against one Isabell Brook, 
now a p'son"" in the house of Correction, for the felonious stealeing of 
10 pence out of the dwelling house of the said Eliz: and alsoe for 
setting the house of the said Elizabeth Procter on fire in the night 
time, and then & there giue the best euidence they can concerning 
the same. And not to, &c. 

13**^ of January, 1657. M^: That Arthur Hurstt of Birkeby of 
Huthersfeild, Cloth', Informes upon oath that Thomas Brook of the 
same, Cloth', is cured of the wound giuen by Rich : Hirstt of the same, 
yeoman, soe y' the wound is become a sleight wound. 

Quart**- Sessions. The Gen""" Quart' Sessions of the peace held 
att Wakefeild the 14'^ of January, 1657, and all Recognizances & 
swearers Certified. 

Swearing. Conuictd. 25*^ of January, '57. M**: Thatt Ann 
Westerman of Loftus, seru** to Henery Westerman of the same, was 
Lawfully conuicted before me for the pphane sweareing of one Oath 
att Loftus aforesaid, upon the twenth Inst. The penalties sent by 
John Clyffe of Carleton to the Churchwardens of Rothwell. Cert 

Swearing. 25*^ of January, '57. M**: That Marmaduk Richardson 
of Burstall, Blacksmith, did upon the 23*** inst. pphanely swere two 
oathes at Burstall aforesaid ; proued before me upon the oath of 
William Broxupp of Batley, & a warr* sentt out to answer the p'misses. 

Swearing p'ued. 26*** of January, '57. M*^: Thatt James Cowper 
of Wakefeild outwood, Cloth', did upon the 6'^ inst. pphanely sweare 
two oathe, viz. by Gods hartt & by Gods flesh, att Wakefeild outwood 
aforesaid, p'ued before me upon the oath of Thomas Copley of the 
same, labourer, & warr' sentt out to answer the p'misses. 

CoNUici'ED OF Swearing. Certt. 30^^ of January, '57. M^: 
That Jennett Wilkinson of Loftus, singlewoman, was this day Lawfully 
conuicted of one pphane oath. 

Swearing p'ued. 30'*^ of Jan: 1657. M**: Thatt Will: Wilby of 
Ossett, cloth"", did upon Thursday, the seauenth of Inst., pphanely 
sweare two oathes att Ossett, viz. by mes & Belaydy, att Ossett 
aforesaid. 

[To de continued.] 



In H.M. public RECORD OFFICE. 



LAY SUBSIDIES. CO. York, West Riding fg, 

OTlapentate of aggbrigg anb jroorleg, 

Anno 1848. 
[Continued from Vol. IX, /. 316.] 



M. 





OSSETT. 








Nichns Tempest ... 


in terr* 


. xMi 


— 


x\s 


Ricus Nailer 


in terr' 


. xli 


— 


v\s viijd 


Johes Avrdislcy ... 


in terr' 


. vli 


— 


xxd 


Wii*m9 Awdisley ... 


in bofi 


. yJi 


— 


\\]s \\\]d 


Ricns biadford 


in bon 


. xli 


— 


iijj iiijflf 


Ricus Wonnall ... 


in boil 


xvli 


— 


vs 


Wittm9 Maunsell ... 


in bon 

Deusburi. 


xli 


" 


\i]s m}d 


Rogei9 Dawson ... 


in terr' 


• ^? 


— 


ij-f 


Ricus Wood 


in boB 


xiiii/i 
xxli 


— 


iiij^ viijflf 


Nichus Sekker ... 


in bon 


— 


x\\]s \\\)d 


RotJt9 lee 


in boa 


. xm]li 


— 


\\\]5 v\\]d 


Ricus lee 


in boil 

West Ardislby. 


xiiij// 




iiijj viijrf 


M^Wduc9 Rayft ... 


in bon 


. xxli 


— 


xiijj iiij^ 


Uur Nailer 


in boil 


xxli 


— 


xiijx iiij^ 


Thonis bradley ... 


in bon 


xvli 


— 


MS 


RolH9 Uakbum ... 


in bon 

[Obliterated.^ 


xli 


" 


'\\]s m]d 


Henric9 Savile mit 


in terr* 


cccc// 


— 


xxli 


Aluercd9 Copley ... 


in terr' 


xli 


— 


v)s v\\)d 


Wi^tms Speight ... 
John WormJl 
Thonis Medley ... 


in boil 


Tfxiyli 


— 


iiijx iiij^ 


in boil 


. xli 


— 


iijx iiijrf 


in boft 


xfi 


— 


iijx myd 


John borght 


in bofi 


x\)li 


— 


iiijx 


Ricus Speight 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiij^ 




Sffi - 


— xxxixli 


xijj viij// 


^' 


[Obliterated.^ 








Ux' Alott 


in bofi 


xxli 





xiijj iiijV 


Ux' Oaiton 


in bofi 


xli 


— 


iijj iiij^ 


Totses Alott 

Thorns Copley 


in bofi 


xxli 


— 


xwy lupa 
iiij.r iiij^ 


in bofi 


xxli 


— 


Ro!h9 Whctccars ... 


in bofi 


xiij/i 


— 



I02 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Ux* Wittmi brook.. 
Issabella birkhed ... 
Edward RotSt 

Johes RotSt 

Radu9 bemond 
Leofid9 bemond ... 
Roger9 baynes 
Wittms colly 



RotJt9 Rawdon ... 
Maistres flemmyng 
RotJt9 Ryschwordi.. 



Edus frobischore 
Ricus lee ... . 



Ricus bemond 

Ux' Johis Saivill ... 



Henric9 Tallot 
Johes Walker 



Thorns Wilkynson... 

Johes Pilkyngton ... 

Thorns Watton mit 
Johes brook 



Roger9 mallett 
Johes laik ... 
Wittms Wilson 
Johes bracton 
Thorns Nalson 



Issabell storres 

Roht9 Whetley ... 

Wittms Jakson 

Johanna mathema... 

Ricus Wright 

Wittms mUn^ 

Wiitms hucchonson, juS . 



Johes flemyng, sen 

Ricus hey 

Johes Kendall 



Johes bamby 
Roht9 nettilton 



lOd/i/era/gd.] 
in bon 
in bon 
in boil 
in boil 
in bon 
in terr' 
in boil 
in boh 

Crofton. 
in boil 
in terr' 
in bon 

ALTOFTf. 
in bon 
in bon 

Whitley. 
in terr* 
in bon 

Thrustu'land. 
in boB 
in bo& 

Whitwood. 
in boR 

Kir KH ETON. 

in terr* 

Walton. 
in terr* 
in bon 

Normaton. 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in bon 
in bon 

SH!TTILLING1X)N. 

in boil 
in bon 
in boil 
in bofl 
in bon 
in bon 
in bon 

Sharliston. 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr' 

Thornhill. 
in bofi 
in bon 



xl/i 


— 


xxvjs viij./ 


xxiUi 


— 


xiiijx vu)d 


x/i 


— 


ujs iiijrf 


xx/i 


— 


xiijj m)d 


xxli 


— 


xujj ui}a 


ixii 


— 


U}S 


xx/i 


— 


xiijj iiij</ 


xi]/i 


— 


iiijj 


xxvj/« 


_ 


xvijj iiijfl^ 


x/i 


— 


ri^ Y3?H 


x/i 




U}S Uljd? 


x/i 





'^i/ W'H 


x/i 


— 


ii]s ima 



xxi]/i 
xx/i 



x]/i 
xx/i 



xi)/i 
x/i 



Ixvj/j* 
xv/i 



xx/i 

x/i 

x/i 

x/i 

x/i 



xl/i 

xx/i 

xv/i 

x/i 

x/i 

xx/i 

x]/i 

x/i 
y/i 
v/i 



xx/i 
xx/i 



xxijs 
xiijj iiij</ 



iijj viij^ 
xiij iiij^ 



uijx 

v'}s viijdf 

u}/i v)s 
vs 



xxs 

vjj viijdf 
vjj viijflf 
ujs iiijdf 
iiji iuyi 



xxvjj viijaf 

xiijx iiij</ 

vs 

lijs iiij// 

iijj iiij// 

xiijj iiijdf 

iijj yujd 



v}s vujd 

xxd 

xxd 



xiijj injd 
xiijs mjd 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



103 



M. 





Lepton. 








Adm hucchonson ... 


in boft 


xx// 


— 


xiijf iiij^ 
xiijj iiijflf 


John Wood 


ID boil 


xxli 


— 


Koger9 thewles ... 


^ in bofi 


xiij/« 


— 


liijs 'm'}d 


Ou^ Flokton & Nether Flokton. 






Wittms Claitoii ... 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiiji/ 


RotM9 Sykkf 


in boft 

West Bretton. 


xxli 


" 


xujs m}d 


Ricus bretton 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiij</ 


Jofces Walker 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiijd? 


WHtms Sykkf ... 


in boft 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiijflf 


WHhns Whrtley ... 


..in bon 
Crigliston. 


xxli 


~~ 


xiijj iii]d 


Rotk9 Waid 


in bofi 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiij^ 
xiijj iiijflf 


Ratfus blakker ... 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


John leik 


in bofi 


xli 


— 


u)s iiij^ 


[Jmfirid9 Spriganell 


in lerr' 


vijli 


— 


ijj iiijflf 


Johes Sbepd 
Thorns Copley 


in bon 


xiiij/i 


— 


iiijj viijflf 


in bon 


xli 


— 


ujs iiijdf 


Wittms Oxley ... 


in bofi 


xi]li 


— 


iiijj 


Stephus boya 


in terr' 

Warmfeld. 


v'jli 




jj^ 


fohes Sheffeld ... 


in terr' 


xiVjli 
xxij/i 


— 


viiJ5 viijaf 


ohes bradford 


in terr* 


— 


xxijj 


Roht9 Qcrk 


in bofi 

Snydall cO Aykton. 


xij/t 


" 


iiij^ 


Thorns frost 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiij^ iu}d 


Chara]9 Jakson ... 


in terr' 


xxli 


— 


xxs 


Thorns hartley 


in bon 


xli 


— 


i\}s ui}d 


Roht9 firere 


in bon 

HOLMFURTH. 


xli 




iijj ui'jd 


Johes Genn 


in boil 


Xiij/f 


— 


uijs iiijaf 


Ux' Charlisworth ... 


in bon 

Almondbury. 


xli 




ii}s {iijd 


Wittms Romysdefi 


in terr* 


xv/i 


— 


xs 


Ricus Appal3erd ... 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xii]s iiijd 


Gilht9 bemond ... 


in bon 


xiij/t 


— 


iiijj iiud 


Petrus Key 


in terr* 

Saurby. 


vli 


~ 


xxd 


M^garet Dikson ... 


in terr* 


vli 


— 


xxd 


Johes farror 
Thorns holgat 
GUht9 helele 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiVjs m}d 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijs in'jd 


in bon 


xxli 


— 


xiijj injd 


RicQs Sotehill 


in bon 


T 


— 


iiijx 


Wittms Waddisworth 


in bon 


— 


iijj iiij// 


Wittms hopk3rnson 


in boB 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiijd 


Wittms gawkroeer 


in bofi 


xli 


_ 


iijj iiij^ 


Joh list!> 


in bon 


xli 


— 


iijj in}d 


Jacobus dobson ... 


in terr* 


viij/i 


— 


ijs yiijd 


Gilht9 Phelipe ... 


in bofi 


xvli 


— 


vs 


John diksoii 


in terr' 


vli 


— 


xxd 


George haldisworth 


in bofi 


xxvli 


— 


xvjs viijd 


Ricus Qey 


in bofi 


xli 


— 


ujs \u)d 



I04 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Johes hopkvnsou ... 
Ricus Cart^ 
Kicus hopkynson ... 
Edward9 Tal^sall ... 
Nichus Grenwood... 
Jacobus Kobynson 
Ricus gledhill 
Wittms gledhill ... 
henric9 p^stley 
Jacobus Foxcroft ... 
George Remysdeb 
Wittms Saltenstall 
George foxcroft ... 
John foxcroft 
Martin9 foxcroft ... 
Thorns foxcroft 



RoTst9 haldisworth Ctic9.. 

Gim9 Ottf 

Ux' Patley 

Rofct9 Wat^hous ... 
Etfus hanson 
Wittms Saivell 
Wittms Wibsey ... 
Wittms Mawd 
Johes Wilkynson ... 
Ricus list^, sen 
Tohes hardy 
brian9 ferror 
Roht9 Romysden ... 
Wittms brodle of the Shay 
Wittms Metchill ... 
Ricus Crowdere ... 



Thorns gledhill 
brian9 Wormall 



Thorns Wilk3nison 
Jacob9 bawmfurth 
Rotit9 Dean 
Johes Whitley 

Ricus Best 

Dyonisi9 hilly ngworth 
Johes Stanclyff 
Johes Wood, sen ... 
Johes holgatt 



Saurbv (continued), 
in boh 
in bon 
in boh 
in bon 
in boh 
in boh 
in bon 
in ten* 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in bon 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 

Halifax. 
in terr* 
m terr' 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 



Johes Cokcroft of Haldisworth boundfin boh 



Edward9 Mawde 
Henric9 brige 
Ricus Mawd 
Edward9 denton 
Xp6r9 oldfeld 
Ricus Wat^ous 
John oldfeld 
Ricus brige 



Barsland. 
in terr' 
in boh 

OVYNDEN. 

in terr* 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 



Warley. 
in terr' 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 



xxij/t 

xx/i 

xiijii 

x/i 

xx// 

xx/i 

x/i 

111 

xxlt 

x\U 

xli 

xxli 

xxli 

xxli 

xxli 



xxli 

vli 

xli 

xxli 

xli 

xli 

xli 

vli 

xli 

xli 

Ixvj/f 

vij/i 

xxli 

xxli 

vij// 

xxli 



Sm* — xYJ/« 

xli . 
xxli 



xiujs \\i}d 
xu}s mjd 
iiijj iiij// 
iijs iii^d 
xiiji iiiji/ 
xiij^ m}cl 
lijs iiijdf 

xxd 

xiijf iiiji/ 
vs 

iijj nijci 
xu}s iiij</ 
xiijj iiijflf 
xiljs m)d 
x'lijs in'jd 



— XXJ 

— xxd 

— iijj iiij^ 

XXJ 

— ii}s uijfi 

— iijj iiij</ 

— u}s iiij^ 

— xx^ 

— iijx uijd 

— vjj viijflf 

— xliii^j 

— \}s liijd 

— xiijj liijd 

— xiijx ui}d 

— i}s iii^d 

— xiijj liijaf 
xvs viVjd 



yfiijli 

\li 

xxli 

xxli 

xvli 

xvli 

xiij/t 

xv/i 

xiij// 

xiij/i 

\}li 
xli 
vli 
xli 
xli 
yli 
xli 
xxli 



— 


'jf. 


vuid 


~ 


xiijx 


iu}d 





ijj \ 


iijd 


— 


xx^ 




— 


xiijf 


iii}d 


— 


xiijj 


uijd 


^~* 


vs 
vs 




— 


iiijj 


nijd 


— 


vs 




— 


iujs 


iiijc/ 


— 


iiijj 


iiijf/ 





ijj 




— 


iijj 
xx^ 


i\}d 


— 


v)/^ 


m]d 


— 


UJJ 


mid 


— 


xx^ 




— 


iijj 


''¥.^ 


— 


xiijj 


uija 



M. 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 105 



xli}s iiij</ 
xiij^ iiijd^ 
vs 

vjx viiiflf 
xiijj iiij^/ 

iijs iiij^ 
iijj iiijflf 
vs 

i}s uijd 
x\\}s uijd 
xiijj in^ii 
xu}s m]d 
iijj iiijd 
iijj injd 
xiiu iiiW 
xiijx iiij^ 



XXJ 

xiijx m)d 
xii^j iii^d 
xiijj iiijd 

xxd 



— xiij^ iu}d 
xvj/«* xijj iiijrf 

XXJ 

— xxvj iiijrf 

— xiijj injd 

— xiijj uijd 

— xiijj iii'^d 

— xii^j iiijrf 

— xiijj iiijd 



VUJJ 

xiijj iiijflf 
iijj iiijoT 
\}s m}d 
xiijx iiij^ 



XXJ 

iiijj iu)d 
xiijs iiij</ 
xiijj iiiji^ 
iijj iujd 
vs 
xxd 
xxd 

iijs iiijdf 
xiijj mjd 
iijj iiij^ 
xxd 
xxd 





Warlev (continued). 




Thorns brige 
GiltJt Waid 


in bon 


xx/i 


in bon 


xx/i 


Brian9 Waid 


in bon 


xvii 


Johes Murgatrod ... 
Kicus best 


in terr* 


xli 


in bon 


xxH 


Hcnric9 Waddisworth 


in bon 


xli 


Johes Shay 

Thorns oldfcld ... 


in boil 


xli 


in boB 


xli 


Ricus denton 


in boB 


xvli 


Ricus Crowd^ 


in terr' 


v'uli 


Ricus Longbothom 


in bon 


xxli 


Johes oldfeld 


in lx>n 


xxli 


Xpoi9 oldfeld 


in bon 


xxli 


Ricus Shay 


in boB 


xli 


Johes Drak 


in boB 


xli 


Gilht9 brookysbank 


in boB 


xxli 


Ux* bargraves 


in boB 

Migley. 


xxli 


Hugo laicy 


in terr' 


xxli 


Henric9 ferror 


in boB 


xxli 


Ricus Dean 


in boB 


xxli 


Thorns Migley 


in boB 


xxli 


Withns ferror 


in terr' 


vlt 


John Migley 
Ricus Sonnd^and... 


in terr* 

in terr' 




Staynland. 




[obliUrated] ... on 


in boB 


xxli 




Sm* 


— XVJ 


3d. 


Skircott. 




[o6lit€rat€d] ... ill de 


Copley ... in terr' 


xxli 


Joh Wat«>hous ... 


in boB 


xl/i 


01yuer9 lokwood ... 
Wttms kyng 


in boB 


xxli 


in boB 


xxli 


Johes boithes 
Thorns QyfT 


in Iwfl 


xxli 


in boB 


xxli 


Wittms Wilkynson 


in boB 

Waddisworth. 


xxli 


Ricus Nailer 


in terr* 


xij/j 


Thorns Drap 
Ux' Sutclyff 


in boB 


xxli 


in boB 


xli 


Ux* Drap 


in terr' 


y'uli 


Wiftms Aikrod ... 


in boB 


xxli 


Ux' Johis grenwood 


in boB 

NORTHOUROM. 


xvli 


Xi)0i9 boithes ... 
Thorns fomes 


in boB 


xxxli 


in boB 


xiij// 


Tho&s Drak 


in boB 


xxli 


Wittms haldisworth 


in boB 


xxli 


Johes boy 


in boB 


xli 


Wittms Swyft of tholeanes ... in bon 


xv/i 


Wittms Amler ... 


in terr* 


vli 


Edward Staynclvff 
Henric9 grymschey 


in terr* 


vli 


in boB 


xli 


Ux* cravyn 


in boB 


xxli 


Johes northend 


in boB 


xli 


Johes barstoy 


in terr* 


vli 


Ricus gibson 


in terr* 


vli 



io6 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 





Stanffeld. 








Ricus horsfall 


in boB 


xx/i 





xiijx iiij^ 


Ricus MechiU 


in bon 


xx/i 


— 


xiijj iu]d 


Ux' haigraves 


in bofi 


xx/i 


— 


xu}s iiij^^ 


Riois helewell 


in bon 
HUDD^SFELD. 


xiij/r 




iiijx m]d 


Thorns Key 


in terr* 


xx/i 





xxs 


Ricus Charlisworth 


in bon 


xvij/i 


— 


vs vu)d 


Johes Annitegc 


in bon 


xvj/i 


— 


vs iiijrf 


Johes brook de deighton... 
Thorns brook 


... in boB 


xxU 


— 


xiijx iiijrf 


... in bofi 


xxH 


— 


xiijf m)cl 


Witfmus brook 


in boB 


Xlj/l 


— 


iiij/ 


Edus brook 


in boB 


— 


.... 
iiijj 


Xp0r9 brook 


in boB 


xij/i" 


— 


Roger9 brook 


in boB 


xij/i 


— 


iiijj 


Edward9 brook 


... in bofi 


xij/« 


— 


Uljf 


M5maduc9 brook 


... in bon ... 


xij// 


— 


] 


Ffernley tias. 








Arthur9 Key 


in terr* 


Ui 





b 


Thorns Snape 


in boB 


xli 


— 


u}s mjd 




Sma 


— xxj/i 


iijj viij^ 


HiPP^OM & Brighous. 








Johes Ryschworth 

James Wat^ous 


.. in terr* 


xxli 





xxs 


... in boB 


xxxli 


— 


xxs 


Ricus brighous 


in boB 


xvH 


— 


vs 


Edward9 brodley 


in boB 


xii 


— 


i\}s iiijflf 


Ricus brodley 


.. in boB 


xli 


— 


iijx iiij^ 


Wittms bemond 


in boB 


xxli 


— 


xiijj iiij^ 


Thorns Smylh 


in terr' 


y)li 


— 


>JJ 


John holms 


in boB 
Dalton. 


xx/i 




xiijs uijd 


Johes key 


in boB 


xi\/i 
v/« 


— 


ims 


Edus hurst 


in terr* 


— 


xxd 




M^SDEN. 








Ra^us heldf 


... in boB ... 
HeptOstall. 


xli 


^ 


u}s iiiji/ 


Thorns Grenwood 


... in terr' 


xli 


— 


vjj viijd 
ills uijd 


/ohes Grenwood 


in boB 


xli 


— 


' ohes Sutclyff 


in terr' 


vli 


— 


xxd 


Thorns grenwood de leryngf 


in boB 


xxli 


— 


xiijs iiij</ 


Wittms Mechill 


in boB 


xli 


— 


iij5 iiijflf 
xu}s liij^ 


Thorns grenwood de Golden 


in boB 


xxli 


— 




Wharmbv. 








Johes With 


in terr* 


xxli 





xxs 


Edward9 hurst 


... in bofi 


xxli 


— 


xiijf iii^d 


RotJt9 hurst 


in boB 


xxli 


— 


xii^x iiij^ 


Thoiiis hanson 


in boB 


xiij/i 


— 


iiijx imd 


George thewles 

Rot5t9 Aynley 

Thorns Saivit! 


in terr* 


vli 


— 


xxd 


in boB 


xli 


— 


iijj iiijrf 


... in boB 


xli 


— 


ii]j iu^d 
njs m}d 


Ricus birkhed 


in bofi 


xli 


— 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 107 

Arryngdon. 

Georgius fomes in bon ... xxii — xiijj iiijflf 

Jofccs Sutclyff in boii ... x\/i — xiijj iiij^ 

John Migley in boR ... xli — iijj iiiji 

Langfeld. 

Johes horsfall in bon ... xx/f — xiijj iiijflf 



in 



Sm* — xjii xvijs 



M. 6. 
VbiB S-n^Clltf maide the xxyj** day of Octot5r in the xxxvij yere of the Reign of 
our sou^eign lord king Henry the viij"> by the grace of god of Inglond france and 
Irelond king defender of the faithe and in Erthe of the Churche of Inglond and 
Ireland Supme heed JSCtWi^t S' Henry Saivelle Thomas grice John Peck Arthur 
kay Roger Mallett and Tristfm lx>ullinge Auctorised emonges oders by o*" said 
Sou^eign lordf heighe Coroission to execute that o' grant of the subsidie maid and 
gruntted unto his Maiestie in the xxxiiij yere of his most noble reign and to be 
paled in the yerf then next foUoinge As by the said Acte more at large doth 
appeir and asseigned by dyuision for the last paymet of the same grunt to the 
Wapentakes of Agbrige A Morley in the westr^ of the countie of Yorke of thone 
ptic And Robert foumes of Mirfeld in the same countie gentilman of thoder ptie 
TOl^C00ftbC that thafforsaid Comyssion^s haith assigned & appointted the 
abonenamed Robert foumes to be collector of thafTorsaid Wapint of Agbrige and 
Morley and w'^'in the same to levie and gether all suche some & somes of money 
and of suche psons as in diu^s wrytingf in pchemet annexed unto this p'sent 
Indents and at the length is declared over and besidt the Anticypacon of the said 
last paymet whiche thafTorsaid Robert foumes getherid before this tyme and also 
to pay the same Residewe of thafTorsaid last payment to the use of o' said 
Sou^eign lord accordinge to the teno<^ effect and meaning of thafforsaid Acte and 
grante &c. Jll TPQlStflCB Whe'of thafforsaid ComLssion^s to this p'sent indentf 
haith sett thar sealls and subscribed their names the day and yere aboue wrytten. 

Henri Savile k. 

Thorns gryce 

John Pek 

Arthur key 

Rogere Malett 

Tristram boUyng 
M. 7. 

Wapintagiu de Agbrige West? Com Ebor*. 

Westgait in Waikfeld. 

xxj — ]d 

xxs — jd 

iij/i — iijdf 

y/i — xd 

... y'nj/i — xv\d 

.. xLf — ijd 

vli — xd 

xxs — jd 



RotJt9 Grenwood 


in bon 


Wittms baxst^ 


in bon 


Wittms Jopson 


in boil 


U.x' baitman 


in boil 


Xpor9 standley 
Wittms Stanffeld 


in boil 


in boil 


Ux' hanson 


in boil 


WiHms ley... 


in bon 



io8 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Westgait 


IN Waikfeld (continued). 


Ricus Toller 


in bon 


XXJ 


Thoins liktwirowe 


in bon 


viij/i 


Thorns Symson 


in bon 


XXJ 


Witfms Key 


in bon 


iij// 


Roger Wynditt 


in bofi 


XXJ 


Thorns Rawden 


in bon 


xlj 


Thorns noble 


in bon 


xb 


Henric9 barker 


in bon 


. xb 


Wittms Wilson 


in bon 


ws 


RotJt9 Dawson 


in boil 


vli 


Ric Turton 


in bon 


. v/t 


[otles smizerd 


in boii 


iiij/« 


[Ienric9 gillis 


in bon 


XXJ 


Georgius stubley 


in boS 


XXJ" 


Ric Musgrave 


in boS 


XXJ 


Johes fowler 


in boa 


XXJ 


Johes gren 

Johes Dawson 


in bon 


XXJ 


in bofi 


vj/r 


Gilis burton 


in bon 


vj/i 


Wiitms Atkynsoii 


... in boii 


iiij/« 


Ricus Clyff. 


in boil 


XXJ 


Thorns Storre 


in boil 


iij/i 


RotJi9 Denton 


... in bon 


XXJ 


Wiitms Nodder 


in bofi 


. xIj 


RicWigley 


in terr' 


xlj 


James grenwood 


in boil 


. y\\]H 


Xp6r9 Turton 


in bofl 


\\\]li 


Johes Jakson 


in boil 


iij/i 


Roht9 bedfurth 


in boil 


XXJ 


Withns Casson 


in boil 


XXJ 


Wittms Tattersall 


in bon 


Y}H 


Henric9 Nicolson 


in bon 


\\\U 


Wiihns burse 


in bon 


Henric9 Tomson 


in bon 


iij/i 


Roht9 burton 


in boil 


Roht9 Ukbarow 


in boB * .. 


X J 


Roland9 aikrid of Kendall 


in terr' 


. xb 


Ric Wellf 


in boB 


XXJ 


Ux» frankisch 


in bon 


XXJ 


Johes admondson 


in bon 


. xlj 


Thorns Sheffeld 


in boil 


XXJ 


Lionel9 Clyff 


in bon 


XXJ 


Jacob9 Gibson 

Edward9 hoppey p ux' sua 


in bofi 


XXJ 


in boh 


v/i 






Sm» - 




KiRKGAIT. 




Pet ball 


in bon 


xlj 


Thoins Calice, Junh 


in boil 


. x/i 


Rad Jakson 


in bon 


\]li 


Johes CoUenson 


in bon 


XXJ 


Wiitms birkhed 


... in boil 


iij/« 
iiij/z 


Thorns laiborn 


in boil 


Johes Denton, Sen 


in terr* 


. xLr 


Roger Slait^ 

Wittms Wood 


in boil 


XXJ 


in boil 


\\]li 


Ric Denton 


in boil 


. xU 


Matheus brown 


in bon 


XXJ 


Wittms Rouston 


in bon 


xlj 


Ric Spynk 


in terr* 


xLr 



XVJflf 

id 
ijrf 

yi 

ni 
xd 

id 
id 
}d 

xiia 
xi}d 
iiij</ 

i\}d 

i}d 
iiiji/ 

XVJ(/ 

iiije/ 
iu}d 
id 

xij^ 
iijrf 
xijd 
xij^ 
iijflf 

ijd 

iiijdf 

]' 

xd 



— xixj yd 



ujj uijd 
xi\d 

ujd 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 

u}d 

1}J 

iiijti 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



109 



KiRKGAlT (coniinued). 



M. 



fohes Denton, Jun 
Edward9 Roodf .. 


in bofl 


xb 


in bon 


XXJ 


Wiitms Alan 


in bon 


XXJ 


Xp0i9 Cowp 
Thorns Claphaia .. 


in bon 


xb 


in boil 


XXJ 


Gcorg dymond 


in boil 


x.\x 


Roland9 gravesoh .. 


in bon 


ws 


Thorns Alan 


in boB 


\'\i]li 


RotJt9 Wilsun 


in bon 


xxs 


[ohes Slaiden 


in boft 


v/jf 


[<oUt9 Crosby 


in bon 


xviii/j 


Thorns musgrave .. 


in terr' 


xb 


RotJt9 Ogden 
Withns Hill 


in bon 


iij// 


in bofi 


v// 


Ric Sawnd^son .. 


in bon 


XX J 


Tacob9 Gorrell .. 
Wittm dymond 


in boil 


iiii/z 


in boil 


Xb 


Johcs Wyndle 
JUc Thornhill 


in bon 


xb 


in bon 


xb 


Ux' georgi hill .. 


in bi)n 


iij/t 


Ux'higgcfi 


in bon 


xxs 


Ric Thomson 


in bon 


xxs 


Wittms suiter .. 


in terr' 


xxs 


Rot5t9 Tvdyng 
Alcxand^ Dikson, S 


in terr' 


xb 


cot9, null bon 




Gcorg Johnson, an 


aliannt, null bon 

NORTHGAIT. 


Sma — 


Wittm9 Dighton .. 


in bon 


xxr 


Ux* thurlston 


in bon 


v// 


Ux* Caruer 


in bon 


XXJ 


Ric oxenfeld 


in bon 


XX J 


Ric RediaU 


in boii 


iij/i 


Milo Tal3cr 


in bon 


xb 


Thorns Wwott 
Alex Sayven at mai 

Ux' lynley 

Jobes hadcok 
7 d. 
Francisc9 grunt 


in bofi 


xxs 


tt .. ... in bon 


xxs 


in boB 
in bon 


xxs 

xb 


in bon 


iiij// 


Ric ellis 


in bon 


v}/i 


Roger9 yongsmyth 
Edward9 madhope 


in terr' 

in bon 


xxs 

v/i 


Jeffiray Richardson 


in bon 


vli 


Ric harbor .. 


in bon 


xxs 


Angnes Mylnes 


in bon 


xxs 


Johcs Killyngbeck 


in bon 


iiij// 


Laur Drak 


in bofi 


xb 


Ricus ncllott 


in bon 


xb 


Thofiis Worthlcy, Ji 


in in boB 


xxs 


Thorns baitman .. 


in bon 


y/i 


Roger baitf 
Wittms Cookson .. 


in bon 


viij// 


in boB 


iiij/» 


Thorns Saxston 


in boB 


yj// 


Hcnric9 brodle ... 


in terr' 


xb 


Thorns pkvnson .. 
Brian9 nailer 


in bofl 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


Thonis Worthlcy, S 


eB in lerr' 


xb 


Johes brown 


in bon 


iiij/i 



- ijrf 

- j^ 

— yi 

- K^ 

— \i\}a 

- )d 

— Xii 

~ ^If 

— m)d 

— \\)d 

— xd 

- \d 

— \\\)d 

- ijor 

- ii.'' 

— y^ 

— iij</ 

— yd 

— \d 

— \\\yd 

— iiij^ 

— \\\)d 

xviijj y\d 



yi 

■nd 

lljtf 

1J</ 

iiiji/ 
xijrf 

¥ 

xd 
xd 
id 

nij^ 

ijd 

\d 

xd 

xy\d 

iii^^ 

x\}d 

uijd 

m)d 
iiij^ 



no 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



/oties Rawson 

^c norres 


in 


boB 


xxs 


in 


terr* 


XXX 


Ric Wilson 


in 


bon 


xxs 


Rot5t9 hanson 


in 


boil 


xxs 


Edward 3edon 


in 


bon 


xxs 


Rot5t9 peper 


... in 


bon 


x\s 


Edmond9 Carlynghall ... 


in 


boS 


XXJ 


RotJt9 Powge 


in 


terr* 


. iiij/r 


Johes Hoill 

Elizabeth Tomsori 


in 


terr' 


XXJ 


in 


boR 


. xx// 


MWet Tomson 

Rofet9 brigf of Kendall ... 


in 


bon 


xxvUi 


in 


terr' 


. v/i- 








Sma — 




Standley. 




RotJt9 Clerkson 


in 


boa 


xlj 


Ux' bell 


in 


bon 


XXJ 


Rot5t9 cilson 

Leon^d9 Cassofi 


in 


bon 


. xlx 


in 


l)on 


. xlx 


Johes hyndle 


in 


bon 


XXJ 


Henric9 Sherpe 


in 


bofi 


vij// 


Wittms hobson 


in 


bon 


. x\s 


Johes Sugden 


in 


boft 


. xb 


Wittms Clerkson 


in 


terr' . 


iiii/j 


Totles barker 


in 


bon 


. v/i 


*Roger9 Wilson 


in 


bon 


. xlj 


Georg Kent 


in 


bon 


vij/« 


Georg gryin 

Johes Clerkson ... 


in 


bon 


XXJ 


... in 


bon 


xlj 


Roger bekkett 


in 


boii 


. xlj 


ohes pchard 


in 


boii 


XXJ 


[licus Clerk 


in 


bon 


viiUt 


Johes grym 


in 


boB 


. xlj 


Roht9 bekkett 


in 


bon 


. xIj 


Ux' mokson 


in 


bon 


. xlj 


Wittms haldisworth 


in 


bon 


. xlj 


Brian9 Clerkson 


in 


bon 


xIj 


Wittms Comsmyth 


in 


bon 


iiij/i 


Brian9 Smyth 


in 


bon 


XXJ 


Roht9 hunter 


in 


bon 


. xlj 


Roht9 Clerkson 


in 


boB 


Yii 


Johes Pekard 


... in 


bon 


xxs 


Johes Walker 


in 


boB . 


XXJ 


Thonis Cokkell 


in 


boB 


iiij// 


[ohes Arnold 

'R.icus Swyft 


in 


boB 


.. v// 


in 


boB . 


XXJ 


Carol9 prust 


in 


boB 


iij// 


Nicholus Skott 


... in 


bofi 


ohes Wright 


in 


boB 


iiij/f 


ohes Kycchynma 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


'tland Stable 


... in 


boB 


XXJ 


Ricus birre 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


Lionell9 Raynalles 


in 


boB 


xlj 


Thorns Dawson 


in 


boB 


. x\s 


Wittms Turton 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


Roht9 Totty 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


Roht9 Aitmer 


in 


boB 


vi// 


Wittms farebam 


in 


boB 


. xlj 


Thonis Androwe 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


Thonis glouer 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


Georg forma 


... in 


boB 


XXJ 



ijof 

vuja 
i}J 

xiijf iiijt/ 
xvijj iiijrf 
xxd 



•J/ 
xnija 

viij^ 
xd 

xinja 

fa 
xv}d 

fd 

iiij</ 

iiij^f 
xd 

\\yi 
myi 
\\\)d 

\)d 

xijrf 
ijrf 

yi 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Standlev (cmttnued). 








Wittms Tal5er 

Hcnric9 Rotit 


in 


bon 


xxx 


— 


]d 


in 


bon 


i\]li 





\]d 


Ricus Middilton 


in 


bofl 


xxs 


— 


yd 


[jiV] Sheppd 


in 


bon 


xlx 


— 


\]d 


Thonis Arnold 


in 


bon 


T 


— 


ra\d 


[ohcs Tal3er 


in 


terr' .. 


— 


iiijrf 


, ofces KighUey 

£dward9 piynce 


... in 


bon 


xh 


— 


ijrf 


in 


bon 


7LXS 


— 


i'' 


Thoffis Crakeld 


in 


bon 


xls 


— 


Ijrf 


Ux' R^cr 

RotJt9 Sergenson 


... in 


bon 


x\s 


— 


ijV 


... in 


terr' .. 


xxs 


— 


irf 


Ricus Arnold 


in 


bon 


xxs 


— 


K 


[otics Coopu 

'^cns grcn 


in 


bon 


xU 


— 


iyi 


in 


bon 


xxs 


— 


& 


Rol5t9 Ald^ley 


in 


bon 


xb 


— 


Jotoes Avyson 


in 


bofl 


xb 


— 


¥ 


Wittms Perker 


in 


terr' 


XXJ 


— 


ijrf 


Ux' Moore 


in 


terr' .. 


. T 


— 


?/ 


Ricus Smyth 


in 


boR 





Thorns Saivitt 


in 


bon 


xls 


— 


\]j 


Withns Smyth 


in 


bon 


v\/i 


— 


x\\d 


Ellis necob 


in terr* 


vli 


— 


xxd 


Ux' townnend 


in 


bon 


xh 


— 


\\d 


Alanus Nicolson of Kendall 


in 


terr' .. 


XXJ 


— 


ii 








Sma — 


xxs 


xd 


M. 8. 


HORBURY. 








Thorns Cowy 

Tohes langfeld 

Wittms Tagger 

Wittm9 RoSt 


in 


bon 


. xU 


— 


¥ 


in 


terr' .. 


x\s 


— 


iiij^ 


in 
in 


bofl 
bon 


. vij/i 
vij// 


— 


x\\\]d 
xiiijrf 


Edward9 lee 


in 


bon 


xii 


— 


ij^ 


Edmond9 crle 


... in 


bofl 


x\s 


— 


id 


Johes Waryn 


in 


bon 


ii\H 


— 


\\]d 


Edward9 Romysden 


in 


bofl 


Sf 


— 


iij^ 


Wittms dicconsofi 


... in 


bon .. 


— 


ijrf 


Ux* Stephi megsofi 
Wittms Thomes 


in 


bofi 


xxr 


— 


K 


in 


boil .. 


x\s 


— 


V 


RotJl9 Megsofi 


in 


bofi 


xxs 


— 


Y^ 


Henric9 Jakson 


in 


bofi 


xxs 


— 


U 


Edward9 megsofi 


in 


bofi 


xxs 


— 


}d 


RotJt9 Thomes 


in 


boB 


iiij/i 


— 


iiij^ 


Johes Medley 


in 


terr» .. 


iij// 


— 


vj^ 


Roht9 Jagger 


in 


bofi .. 


iij/r 


— 


iiV 


Nicholaus no well 


in 


boB 


XXJ 


— 


J^ 


Ricus fleccher 


in 


boB .. 


xls 


— 


V 


Thorns hall 


in 


boB 


xxs 


— 


y 


foheshall 


in 


boB 


xxs 


— 


d 


7acob9 megson 


in 


boB 


xls 


— 


iid 


Wittms harrison 


in 


bon 


xxs 


— 


]d 


Geoigius Sykkf 


... in 


bofi 


iiij/« 


— 


m\d 


Wittms longlcy 


in 


boB 


xlx 


— 


\d 


Wittms boith 


in 


boB .. 


xxs 


— 


)d 


Alida nowell 


in 


boB 


i\]U 


— 


lij^ 








Sm* — 


vjj 


xjd 




Crofton. 








Thorns ellis 


in 


terr' 


Uj/i 


— 


yjd 


Jacobus ereil 

fUcus oxTey 


in 


boB .. 


\xlt 


— 


xviiiflf 


... in 


bofi 


vij/i 


— 


xiiij^ 


Thorns AvysoA 


in 


boB 


vij/« 


— 


xiiij^ 



112 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Ux' lokwood 

Matheus totehill ... 

Brian9 Wraith 

Thorns Wynk 

Xp0i9 field, husbondma .. 

GilBt9 Wraith ... 

Wiitms Roidhous ... 

Johes tutehill 

Thorns Downs 

Johes henrison 

Xpor9 feld 

Ricus atowght 

Brian9feld 

Ux* Watson 
Wiitms Johnson ... 
Ux* birkhed 



MUo Cokkell 

}ohes Tomson 
ohes barght 
Thorns garlik 
Thorns Atkynson .. 
Johes townnend .. 
Johes lowkt 
Ricus frobischore .. 
Georgius thomtotl.. 
Wiitms Whitt 
Johes Shillito 
Xp5r9 lowge 
Jacobus brige 
Ricus stanffurth 
Roht9 Wyndebank 
Johes Kitson 
Wiitms scott 
Johes Darley 
Ricus Darqr 
Johes Shillito 
Johes Roger 
Nicolas lowkf 



Witims Whetley ... 
Thorns Claiton 
Johes Yssott 
Johes Slaik.. 
Henric9 Whetecare 
Edward9 lokwood... 
Johes Syffer 
Ricus Diksoii 
Thoins haight 
Ricus Claiton 
Lauf baildon 

Ux* haight 

Roht9 Cowp 
Johes hawmschire... 
Johes bedlorth 



Crofton (fonlinued). 


in bon 




in bon 




in boil 




... in bon 




in bon 




in bo& 




in boB 




in bon 




in boil 




in bou 




.. in hoii 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in boil 




in bon 



Norm ANTON. 


in 


bon 


in 


bon 


in 


bon ... 


... in 


bon 


in 


boii 


in 


boil 


... in 


terr* ... 


in 


boil 


in 


boil ... 


... in 


boh 


in 


boJi 


in 


boii 


.. in 


bon 


in 


boii 


in 


bon 


in 


boii 


in 


boii 


in 


bon ... 


in 


bon 


in 


boii 


in 


bon 


in 


boii 





Emlev. 


in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in boii 




.. in bori 




in bon 




.. in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in bo5 



\\\li 


— iij^ 


iij// 


— "K 


vj/i 


Xljflf 


\\\)li 


— i\\]d 


iiij/r 


— iiij^ 


iij/« 


— iij^ 


iij/« 


— \i]d 


XXJ 


- K 


XXJ 


- \d 


xb 


~ %d 


xU 


- iK 


xU 


- X)d 


xb 


- !if 


XXJ 


~ 'i 


XXJ 


- ]d 


vli 


— %d 


Sm'' - 


— viijj xrf 


iij/< 


— \\]d 


iiij/j 


— 'ixi^d 


iiij/t 


— iiijrf 


iij/« 


— "K 


\\\li 


— w]d 


wH 


— xd 


%\s 


- iiijrf 


iiij/r 


— iiijV 


iij/i 


— ilK 


iij/i 


— u}d 


iij/j 


— n}d 


T 


— iij^ 


- ijrf 


Xl5 


- ijrf 


iij/r 


— iijrf 


XXJ 


- J'' 


XXJ 


- H 


XXJ 


- H 


XXJ 


- H 


XXJ 


- ii 


XXJ 


- iff 


iij/j 


— u]d 


Sm« 


— vx iijflf 


iiij/f 


— vii)d 


iij/r 


- v]d 


xU 


— iiij</ 


vj// 


— xijd 


vj// 


— • ^K 


y\H 


XlJ^ 


xU 


- ij^ 


XXJ 


- V 


x\s 


XXJ 


— )d 


XXJ 


— d 


XXJ 


— d 


XX5 


— d 


XXJ 


— d 

- i]d 


x\s 


Sm» 


— VJ y\d 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



113 



Alida birkby 
Nicolaos Walker ... 
Edward9 birlc 
Thorns barsto 
Wittms WhiUey ... 
Wittms Dransfeld... 
Rogers Dransfeld ... 
Wittms Carter 
M^garet Carter 
Thonis barber 
Thorns gawnt 
RoUl9 bcdfiirth ... 
Wittms Richardson 
Johcs Awtty 
M. 8 d. 

Rotw9 femley 
Johes mylns 

Ro1k9 ball 

Matheus barbor 



Thorns Rowley ... 
Jacob© hey... 
Edward9 lokwood 
Wittms mares 
Johes Walker, yonger 
Adm hirst ... 
Petr9 Strickland 
Matheus mares 
Wittms lokwood 
Riois Jillott 
Tboids boti^rod 
Dciuall9 blakborn 
Thorns mares 



Ricns Swalo 
Johes brook 
Agnes Wood 
Thorns Wood 
Kal^ma Copley 
Johes Mariott 
Johes Imigley 
Edward9 thorpe 
Thorns m^chand 
Wittms Walker 
[x^] Tbomkynsofi 

Thonis Walker 

Johes Aschton 
ohes ottt ... 
Ddual9 helmsall 



Deusbury. 
in terr* 
in bon 
in bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bjfi 
in bon 
n bon 
n terr* 
in bon 
in bon 
n terr* 
in terr' 

in boB 
in bon 
in boil 
in bon 



Thurst'nland. 



y/i 

x\s 

iiij/i 

vij// 

xxs 

x\s 

xh 

xU 

x\s 

xxs 

x\s 
x\s 

vj/t 
xh 
v/i 
x\s 
Sm» - 



Ou^ Flokton & 



Thonis Cart*^ 
Johes CUitoQ 
Kicus Claiton 
Johes Hucchonson 
Xput9 Dikson 



m terr' 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


... xlx 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in terr' 


xxs 


in terr' 


xxs 


in boR 


... x\s 


in boR 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


TLEY. 


Sum» 


in boft 


xxs 


in bon 


iij/t 


in bofi 


... xb 


in bon 


XXJ 


in boil 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bofi 


xxs 


in bofi 


... xlr 


in boa 


... x\s 


in boR 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in boR 


... x\s 


in boR 


xxs 


in boR 


xxs 




Sm' 


Nether 


Flokton. 


in terr' 


... x\s 


in boR 


... \ii]/i 


in boR 


iij/j 
... yj/.- 


in boR 


in bon 


iuj/« 



— iixjd 

— xd 

— xyd 

— iiijrf 

— xliij^ 

— J^ 

— IK 

— \]d 

— iiij^ 

— xij^ 

— myi 

— iiijd^ 

— xij</ 

- ijrf 

V\)5 \\\d 

- \jd 

- ¥. 

- Jjrf 

- )<' 

- yi 

- ¥. 

— lyd 

— iW 

— J'' 

— J^ 

- xviijaf 

— iijrf 

— ijrf 

— y^ 

— }d 

— id 

— ¥. 

— \)d 

— jrf 

— \)d 

— jrf 

- )d 

— xx]d 



— u\]d 

— \\\]d 

— iijrf 

— x\]d 

— \\\)d 



114 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Ou^ Flokton & Nether Flokton (continued). 



. Ricus Sikkt 
Thorns Wittmson 
Kadus Claiton 
Ricus honley 
Ux* Wilkok 
Thorns halmschire 
Johes bedforth 
Robt9 halmschire 
Wiihn9 bedforth 
Executr Rici ellf 
Ricus Robook 
Ux* Dikson 



Wittms bolland 

Johes morehous 

Georg Cook 

Stephus Rowley 

Henric9 heward 

Laur norton 

Johes gren ... 

Johes beuer 

Ricus beuer 

Ux' Castill... 

George Castill 

Johes gren ... 

Thorns Rydyng 

Gilis Roht ... 

Thorns hynscl)rff 

Jacob9 genii 

Withns Charlisworth 

Laur Charlisworth 

Ricus Crosland 

Wittms Speight ... 

Henric9 gren 

Jacob9 haight 

Laur haight 

Xpor9 haight 

Johes Swalo 

Thoiiis Charlisworth 

Johes moorhous ... 

Johes Moorhous, clothier 

Roht9 beiiere 

Thorns Roidf 

Petr Key 

ThofSs Tynker ... 
Johes Tynker 
Thorns brodhed ... 
Wittms Rohts 
Johes Castill 
Wittms hynchcl)rff... 
Roht9 hynchclyff ... 
Johes gren of grenhowse 
Thorns birdsill 
Johes ^refi de holm 
Ricus littilwood ... 
Johes littilwood ... 
Thorns littilwood ... 
Gilhi9 Castill 





•• 


in bon 
in boil 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in bon 
in boR 
in boh 
in Iwh 
in boil 
in bon 
in boh 
in boh 



HOLMFIRTH. 



in boh 




in boB 




in boh 




in boh 




in bon 




in bofi 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in boil 




in bon 




in boil 




in bon 




in boil 




in boil 




in bon 




in bon 




in bon 




in boh 




in boil 




in boh 




in bon 




in boh 




in boh 




in terr' 




in terr' 




r ... in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




i ... in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr' 




in terr* 




in terr* 




in terr' 





xxs 


— 


rf 


XXJ 


— 


}<i 


iij// 
xLr 


— 


v 


— 


iiij</ 


iiij/« 


— 


iiud 


XXJ 


— 


xxs 


— 




x\s 


— 


i\]h 


— 


iiji/ 


xxs 


— 


H 


xxs 


— 


ii 


xxs 


— 


yf 


Sm» — 


iiijx 


vd 


x\s 





ijrf 


iij// 


— 


iijrf 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


x\s 


— 


xxs 


— 


jrf 


xxs 


— 


K 


xxs 


— 


jrf 


xxs 


— 


K 


iij// 


— 


U}d 


iij/i 


— 


iij(/ 


xxs 


— 


i<f 


x\s 


— 


ijrf 


xxs 


— 


jd 


x\s 


— 


ijrf 


xh 


— 


ijrf 


T 


— 


iij^ 


— 


¥. 


iiij/* 


— 


myi 


iiij// 


— 


iiiW 


XXJ 


— 




xh 


— 


XXJ 


— 


Jrf 


XXJ 


— 


irf 


x\s 


— 


xjd 


iij/j 


— 


ii}d 


xlx 


— 


iiij^ 


T 


— 


yjrf 


— 


iu}d 


xlx 


— 


iii^flf 


xh 


— 


iiij</ 


xxs 


— 


■K 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


iij/i 


— 


:ii:f 


xxs 


— 


i)J 


xU 


— 


itijii 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


xxs 


— 


m 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


xxs 


— 


■]<' 


x\s 


— 


m)d 


xxs 


— 


H 


xxs 


— 


H 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



"5 



HOLMFIRTH (continued 


. 




Edmond9 brodhed 


in terr' 


x\s 


— iuid 


Johes brodhed 


in terr* 


xxs 


- i)d 


Thorns littilwood 


in terr* 


xxs 


— i)d 


Withns ycrnschay 


in terr' 


xlx 


— iijd 






Sma 


— xs }d 


M. 9. Sharliston. 






Johes flemyng, Jun5 


in lerr* 


. xk 


— m\d 


Ricus Ranc 


.. in bon 


xxs 


— ]d 


RotJt9 bowk 


.. in bofi 


xxs 


Roht9 Avyson 


in boh 


xxs 


Robt9 fcld 


in bon 


. vli 


— xd 


Ricui Clerk 


m bon 


xxs 


- \d 


M^garet milnthorpe 


in bon 


U)li 


- \}^ 


Geoige flemyng 


in bon 


iiij// 


— iijjrf 


Withns Sager 


in bon 


iiij/i 


— iiiV 


Johes hey 


in boB 


. xh 


- -iyd 


Koht9 Roidhous 


in boh 


iij/x 


- %d 


Thorns lyster 


in boh 


xxs 


- \d 


Johes Claitofi 


in bon 


. x\s 


- ijd 


Roht9 laur 


in bon 


x\s 


- ijrf 


Ric felian 


in boh 


xxs 


- ii 


Johes foxe 


in bon 


xxs 


Thorns Dey, a scott, nut! bon 






iuja 






Sm* 


— y9d 


\ 


Vhitwood. 






Witims laik 


in bon 


. xls 


- ijrf 


Wittms bawgy 


in boh 


. xls 


- ijrf 


Henric9 dalton 


in bofi 


. xls 


- ijrf 


Thonis monkhed 


.. in bon 


. xh 


- i rf 


[ohes monkhed 


.. in bon 


xh 


- ijrf 


Edward9 Candye 


in bon 


. xb 


- i^ 


Johes Adm 

Kat^ina laik 


in bon 


. xls 


- ijrf 


in boh 


. xls 


- ijrf 


Roger hopkynson 

Wi&ms Abbott 


in bon 
in boh 


xls 
xxs 


= ? 


Ricus Totell 


.. in bon 


xxs 


- d 


Withns holdfeld 


in boh 


xxs 


— d 


Hen? Smyth 


in bon 


. xls 


— 11^ 


Angnes monkhed 


in boh 


xU 


— Ijrf 


Alida monkhed 


in bon 


. xls 


- ij^ 


Roht9 ShiUito 


in boh 


xls 


- lid 






Sm* 


— ijj vd 




ALTOFTf. 






Anna fristofi 


in terr' 


: T 


— i)s 


Johes Shayn 


in terr' 


— m]d 


M^garet frobischor 
Nicholaus Spynk 


in boh 


iiii/i 


— iiijflf 


in bon 


.... . . 

mj/r 


— liijd 


Withns brige 


in boh 


. vii 


— xd 


Thorns Patrik 


in bon 


viij// 


z p' 


Dciuall9 firiston 


in boh 


. xb 


Georgeus brige 

Gill5t9 nawte 


in boh 


iiij/i 


— iujrf 


in bon 


. xb 


- ijrf 


Withns Wright 

Withns Lowkf 


in boh 


. xb 


- ijrf 


in bofi 


XXJ 


- id 


Thorns Thornton 


in bofi 


.. vii 


— xrf 


Rot»9 Woodward 


in bofi 


xxs 


- i''. 


Matheus denton 


in bofi 


viij/j 
v)li 


XVJtf 


Johes laik 


in boh 


= f 


Johes Wright 


in bofi 


xxs 



ii6 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



RotJt9 Wright 
Johes Amerson 
Rotit9 Spvnk 

Rot5t9 elhs 

Johes Awstwyk 
Thofiis Smythson .. 
Thorns Moo5 
RotJt9 brige 
Wittms Johnson .. 
Withns Smythson.. 
Gilht9 Smythson .. 
Edtoond9 Spynk .. 
Johes Spynk 
Witfms nalson 
Wittms brige, sen 
Johes Wright, Jufi 
Roht9 ffiriston 



Bennett Medley ... 
Rotk9 Speight ... 
Ux* Johis gren 
Roht9 Sherphous ... 
Johes brook 
Kicus Kitson 

Ux'Kitson 

Johes oldred 
Matheus Speight ... 
Roht9 Whetacars ... 
Ricus brown 
Johes baildon, Juh 
Johes grave 
Wittms Scolfeld ... 
Rohl9 Wilkynson... 
£dward9 hucchonson 
Jacobus Wetecars ... 
Johes boy 



orgii 
Roht9 norton 
Thorns Catlyn 
Ricus Thornton 
Johes hargait 
Ricus haight 
Arthur9 haight 
Wittms pell 
Johes Waid 
Ricus bilclyff 
01yuer9 Sharpe 
Johes blakker 
Johes hoolay 
TOttms Spriganell.. 
Ux' boith ... 
Radus foster 
Johes norton 
George miln^ 
Johes miln^ 
Roht9 haight 





ALTOFlt {continuid). 


• ... 


in terr* 






in bon 






in bon 






in bon 


. 




in bon 


, 




in boB 






in bon 






in bofi 


, 




in bon 






. in bon 






in boil 


, 




in bon 






in bofi 


. 




in bon ... 






in bofi 






in bon 






. in bon 



SOTKHILL. 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
in bofi 
bon 
bon 
bofi 
bofi 
bofi 
bofi 
bofi 
terr' 
in bofi 
in bofi 



Crigliston. 





,, 


in 


bofi ... 






in 


bofi 




.. 


in 


bofi 




.. 


in 


bofi 




. 


in 


terr* 




.. 


in 


bofi 






in 


bofi 




.. 


in 


bofi 




.. 


in 


bon 




. 


in 


bofi ... 




. 


in 


bofi 






in 


bofi 




. 


in 


bofi 






in 


bofi ... 




. 


in 


bofi ... 






in 


bofi 




. 


in 


bofi ... 






in 


bofi 






. in 


bofi ... 






in 


bofi ... 



XXJ 




xlj 


XXJ 


— d 


XXX 


— d 


vuj^- 
v/i 


z :^' 


XXJ 


- id 


xlj 


- ild 


xU 


- ij^ 


y]li 


— id\d 


vli 


— xd 


vU 


— ^ 


iij/i 


— iijflf 


xb 


- !i^ 


xxr 


- w 


XXJ 


- -^ 


y/i 


- xd 


Sm* — 


xvjx vi}d 


xxr 


- i''.. 


ix// 


— xviijflf 


XXX 


- j^ 


yjli 


— xij^ 


Wi 


— xd 


XXX 


— i)d 


xlx 


VJ/f 


— B^ 


iii/» 


- '')^, 


Vj/l 


- ;/ 


XXX 


XXX 


- d 


XXX 


— d 


XXX 


— d 


XXX 


- ]\d 


XXX 


- Ijd 


XXX 


- J^ 


xb 


- ij^ 


Sma 


— vjx xd 


ix/i 


— xvii}d 


vij/» 


— xliijd 


xv/i 


— vx 


iiij// 


— iiijflf 


xUi 


— iiijflf 


iij/i 


— iijflf 


li^/t 


— \i}d 


iiiUi 


— iii\d 


— xd 


vi\/i 


— xiiijrf 


y]li 


— xij^ 


XXX 


- j^ 


xb 


- i]d 


xb 


- ij^ 


xb 


— iyd 


XXX 


- \]d 


xlx 


XXX 


- j^ 


v/i 


- xd 


vj// 


— xij^ 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



117 



c 


^RIGLISTON {continued). 




Henric9 hirst 


in bon 


.. xb 


- i;y 


Thorns Roo 


in bon 


XXJ 


Thorns hopkynson 


in bon 


XXJ 


Thorns harmitage 


in bon 


iiij/i 


? Ricus Walker 


in bon 


iiij/t 


— iiiiflf 

— i<^ 


Johes Denton 


m bon 


XXJ 


Jacob9 demon 


in bon 


xxs 


Robt9 hadfeld 


in bon 


xxs 


— ]d 


Wiihns batty 


in bon 


xxs 


Nicholaus lee 

.9d. 
Thorns Sparke 


in bon 


xxs 


... in bon 


[Unreadable, 


Walther9 Redman 


in bon 


^Unreadable:, 






Sm* - 


- xvijx 




[C/nreadadi^,] 






Johnson, a heigh 


alman in bon 


.. iiij/i 
v/i 


— iiij^ 


Rogei9 brook 

Nicholaus Watson 


.. in bon 


- xd 


in bon 


XXX 


— j^ 


Johes Tomlynson 

^ohes henrison 


in boB 


.. vli 


- xd 


in bon 


iiij// 


— iiije/ 


rhoms Saivill 


in terr' 


.. vj/i 


zf 


Wiihns belhous 


in bon 


.. iuj/» 


Thorns nailer 


in bon 


XXJ 


Ux' Walker 


in bon 


.. x\s 


- \]d 


Edward9 bilclyff 


in bon 


xh 


- })i 

— Ilia 


Wiihns hirst 


in boil 


:: xlf 


Ricus Pogson 


in bon 


- id 


Edward9 tomlynson 


in bon 


xxs 


- ¥, 

— lid 


Umfrid9 Snowden 


in bon 


x\s 


RotJt9 Sykkt 


in bon 


... x\s 


Ux* hell 


in bon 


xxs 


- K 


Rotk9 heU 


in bon 


xxs 


- 5 
= & 


Ricus glewe 


in bon 


xxs 


Thorns Jackson 


in bon 


.. xLf 






Sm^ — 


vjx ixd 




OSSETT. 






Ux' Saxtofi 


in boil 


v]li 


— xiirf 


Ro6t9 Saxton 


in bon 


.. xlr 


- ijrf 


[oties Saxton 


in bon 


XXX 


- E. 

— mja 


Johes fairbarn 


in terr' 


.. xlr 


Laur gill 


... in bon 


XXX 


- K 


Rot»9 tias 


in bon 


.. iij/i 


— liirf 


ohcs towmecnd [su] 


in terr* 


XXX 


- ijrf 


ohes Allan 

Ux' Madley 


in terr' 


.. xlx 


.... . 

— nud 


in terr' 


XXX 


- ijd 


Thoffis Sykkf 


in boB 


.. xlx 


- ijd 


Wiihns Oxley 


in terr' 


XXX 


- ¥. 

— ijrf 


Nicholaus Qerk 


in terr' 


XXX 


Wiihns Smyth 


in boB 


XXX 


- Z'' 


Johes gren . 

Thorns gom^sall 

Tho&s Waid 


in terr' 


XXX 


- ijd 


... in bofi 


viij/j 


— xvjd 

- IH 

— Ijd 


in bon 


.. xh 


Ricus dicconson ... 


in terr' 


XXX 


Wiihns dischfurth 


in terr' 


XXX 


- ijd 


Stephus Tomson 


in bofi 


XXX 


-i 


Edward9 gren 


.. in bon 


XXX 


Hcnric9 Tomson 


in boB 


XXX 


- ]d 


Johes tias 


in bon 


.. vli 


- xd 






Sma — 


yjx \\\d 



ii8 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Wittms Clerk 
Wittms Medley 
Johes Jube... 
Ricus butler 
Withns friston 
Thorns dollyff 
Rot)i9 beuer 
Lionell9 feld 
Ux* Johis ffriston , 
Thorns ffriston 
Wittms Sheffeld . 
Rot5t9 lyster 
Ro1it9 Talsore 
Walther9 preston . 
Jotles Walker 
Jane blakker 



Johes stonn 
Thorns goldthorpe 
Jacob9 goldthorpe... 
01yuer9 Stevynson 
Johes pogson 
Radus Saffar 
RotJt9 WorUey ... 
Johes Smyth 
Nicoles birdsell ... 
Johes Archer, jun .., 
Johes Coldwell ... 
Edward9 hepwortb 
Wittms morehous ... 
Adm Copley 
Alicia Roht 



Edward9 horn 
Johes gessope 
Roht9 hurst 
Edmond9 oxley, Sen 
Henric9 oxley 
Thorns horn 
Edmond9 oxley, Jun 
Johes haight 



Wittms lynley 
Xp6r9 Tal3or 
Wittms baitf 
Wittms goodfeloy . 
Ricus birkby 
Johes townnend 
Johes lee ... 
Johes fossard 
Koger9 fomes 
Alic lynley... 
Ricus Crowd 
Xp6r9 hell ... 
Wittms Wolfath . 



Warm FELD. 






in 


boh 


vj// 


— xijflf 


in 


terr' .. 


xxs 


- i]d 


in 


bon 


x\s 


— \yd 


in 


bon 


xlx 


in 


bon 


iiij/r 


— iiij^ 


in 


bon 


vii 


— 7id 


in 


bon 


T 


— md 


in 


bon ... 


- \]d 


in 


bon 


viij/« 


— xyjrf 


in 


terr' ... 


xxs 


- X]d 


in 


bon 


j\s 


- ijrf 


... in 


terr' ... 


XXJ 


- ijrf 


in 


bon 


xxs 


- }d 


in 


bon ... 


XXJ 


-i 


... in 


boh 


XXJ 


in 


terr' 


XXJ 


- \\d 






Sm* — 


vx iiijdf 


Shepley. 






in 


terr» ... 


iiij// 


— viijdf 


... in 


terr' 


iij/« 


- :9f 


in 


terr' ... 


XXJ 


- 1 </ 


in 


terr' ... 


XXX 


- !K 

— ijrf 


... in 


terr' ... 


XXJ 


in 


bon 


xb 


- ik 


in 


bon 


XXX 


— irf 


in 


bon 


XXJ 


in 


bon ... 


XXX 


- ¥ 


in 


bon 


XXX 


— ¥ 


... in 


bofi 


XXX 


in 


bon ... 


XXX 


in 


bon 


XXX 


- jrf 


in 


bon 


XXX 


- ¥ 


in 


terr' ... 


XXX 


- V 






Sm» — 


ijj viiyi 


BERWORTH 


[ Halff. 






in 


bon ... 


iij/* 


— iijrf 


in 


terr' .. 


xxx 


- ijrf 


in 


bon 


xlx 


- ijrf 


in 


bon 


xlx 


- ijrf 


in 


bon 


xxx 


- ¥ 


in 


bon 


xxx 


- ¥ 


in 


bon 


xxx 


- ¥ 


... in 


bon 


xlx 


- ijrf 






Sm« - 


- xiiijdT 


West Ardislay. 






in 


bon 


vij// 
vii// 


— xiiijflf 


in 


bon 


— xiiij^ 


in 


bon 


vj// 


— xijd^ 


in 


bon 


v/i 


-- nd 


in 


bon 


iiij/i 


— m]d 


in 


bon 


mli 


— \\\d 


in 


bon ... 


iijA- 


— u]d 


in 


terr' 


xlx 


— m\d 


in 


bon 


xlx 


- ijrf 


in 


terr' 


xxx 


- ijrf 


in 


lx)n 


xlx 


- ijrf 


in 


bon 


xlx 


- irf 


in 


bon 


xlx 


- ijrf 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



119 



M. 





West Ardislay {continued). 








Thorns lee 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


j^ 


Wittmslee 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


j^ 


Henric9 Wynt^rii 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


k 


Johes haldisworth ... 
Johes ^remond .. 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


)d 


in bon 


XX5 


— 


')d 


MWt9 bradley ... 
M^'^ei9 nailer ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


in bon 


xb 


— 


ijrf 


Johes lee, SeB 


in terr' 


XXJ 


— 


ijrf 


Gill5t9 Syggsfeld ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


RoUt9 bowlyng ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 






Sm» — 


vijj 


ij^ 




Sandall. 








Wittms garfurth ... 


in bon 


Xy/f 


— 


Tf\\\\d 


Ux* Shay 

Thorns Speight ... 


in terr* 


iij// 


— 


in bon 


iiij/j 


— 


{\\\d 


Thorns furton 


in bon 


xlj 


— 


\\d 


Johes Croft 

Ratfus Waddisley ... 


in bon 


iij/f 


— 


n]d 


in boil 


ix// 


— 


xviijrf 


Matheus Wood ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


K 


Ux* ston 


in terr' 


xlj 


— 


m\d 


Thorns fcld 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\^ 


Thorns Grenwood ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


Johes boswell 


in bon 


iiij/i 


— 


imd 


Thorns Sykkf 


in boil 


iij/t 


— 


uW 


Thorns Robynson ... 


in boil 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


Johes blackborn ... 


in bon 


v/» 


— 


xrf 


Thorns Seill 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\<i 




in boii 


vli 


— 


xrf 


Ux* haigh 


in boil 


XXJ 


— 


]d 


Ricus Arrndell ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


' d 


Johes Smyth 


in boii 


v// 


— 


xd 


Henric9 Jube 
Robt9 Child 


in bon 


xlj 


— 


ij</ 


in terr' 


iij/z 
xIj 


— 


vjrf 


Otuel9 norton 


in boii 


— 


ijrf 


Ux» boy 

Roht9Roo 


in boii 


v]li 


— 


xi\d 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 




Johes miln^ 


in boii 


xlj 


— 


Ricus Wilson 


in bon 


v// 


— 


irf 


Johes standrow 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


yi 


Ricus bankf 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


K 


Thorns kirke 


in boii 


XXJ 


— 


U 


Edward9 bedftirth ... 


in bon 


xlj 





ijd 


Robt9 Copley 
Thorns Cart*^ 


in terr' 


xb 


— 


luja 


in boii 


iiij/« 


— 


uhd 


Edmond9 Waid ... 


in boii 


iij// 


— 


ii]d 


Hcnric9 norton ... 


in boii 


XXJ 


— 


id 






Sm* — 


xijj 


u]d 




Thornhill. 








Thorns ball 


in bon 


yj// 


— 


x\]d 


Edmond9 Wilby ... 
Thorns helrasall ... 


in bon 


viij/z 


— 


xvjd 


in boii 


iij/« 


— 


i\\d 


Wittms Cosyn 


in bon 


xlj 


— 


ijd 


Ricus Porter 


in bon 


vj/i 


— 


x\\d 


Ricus Jakson 


in bon 


iij/i 


— 


md 


Ux* Amyas 


in terr' 


\\}li 


— 


VjV 


Laur best 


in bon 


mli 


— 


liid 


ThoiBs bumett 


in boii 


xlj 


— 


mjd 


Johes honley 


in bofi 


iiij// 


— 



I20 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Thornhill 


(coniinued). 




Thorns lee 


n bon 


iiij// 


Edmond9 hales 


in bon 


XX5 


Roger Copley 

Wiihns hall 


n bon 
in bon 


xU 

XXJ 


Ux» Whaite 


n bofi 


XXJ 


Ux* Diksoii 


in bon 


y\s 


Johes Diksoii 


in bon 


y\s 


Edmond9 Scolffeld 


n boii 


xb 


RoUt9 hicc 


in bon 


XXJ 


Wittms Sou5erd 


in bon 


XX5 


Jacobus Waryng 


n bon 


Vj/I 


Thorns gledhill 


n bon 


xb 


Nicolaus brown 


n terr' 


x\s 


Georg Copley 


n bon 


\xs 


Johes hepworth 

Ux' Phefipe 


n bon 


\xs 


in boh 


xxs 






Sm* 


Shittillyngton. 




Johes byngley 


n boH 


iiij/i 


Ricus Carter 


n bofi 


vij/j 


Wittms hall 


n bon 


iij/« 


Carol9 hawysworlh 


n bon 


xlr 


Wittms nettilton 


n bofi 


XXJ 


Wittms Cleye 


n bon 


x\s 


Johes Shay ] 


n bon 


viij// 


Roger dikson 


n bon 


vfi 


Ricus matheman 


n bon 


Alexand haight 


m bon 


xxs 


Johanna billclyff 


n bon 


iij/f 


Agnes bilclyff 


n bon 


iij/« 
xls 


Johes brodley 

Johes hall 


n bon 


n bon 


xxs 


Thorns bedforth 


in bon 


xls 


Ricus Knotton 


in bon 


xls 


Thorns byngley 


in bon 


yli 


Henric9 Claiton 


in bon 


viij/i 


Radus burmam 


in bofi 


vij/« 
iij/« 


Thorns Walker 


in bofi ... 


Roht9 Robynson 


in bon 


xls 


Johes byngley 


in bofi 


xls 


Roht9 botherrod 


in bon 


\\\]U 


Wittms hucchonson 


in bofi 


iiij/« 


Wittms bedforth 


in bofi 


viz 


Ricus Populwell 


in bofi 


y/z 


Roht9 Walker 


in bon 


xU 


Ricus Walker 


in bofi 


xls 


Wittms Stokkf 


in bofi 


iiij// 


Elzabeth bilclyff 


in bon 


iij// 


Isabell bilclyff 


in bofi 


uuz 


Ricus Carter 


in bon 


xU 


Wittms bedfurth 


in bofi 


xxs 


Anna bedfurth 


in bon 


* xxs 


Alicia bedfurth 


in bofi 


xxs 


Ricus langfeld 

MVret Wright 

Wittms helwysse 


in bofi 


iiijiz 


in bofi 


iij/« 


in bon 


iiij// 


Georg Richardson 


in bofi 


iij// 


Johes mathema 


in Ixjfi 


u\lz 


Elzabeth matheman 


in bofi 


y/i 



VUJ] 



iiij^ 

xxyi 

\]d 

iiij^ 

iiij^ 
y\\\}d 
\\]d 
\]d 

xvuja 

iixyd 

xd 

\i}d 

■lid 
K 

'& 

x'V]d 
xm)d 
iij^ 

M. 

\\\]d 
\\\]d 
xd 
xd 

\\\)d 
iij^ 
iij</ 
ij^ 

^V 

i< 

\\\]d 
\\)d 
m}d 
\\]d 
iij^ 
xd 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Shittillyngton (conitntud). 



Johcs bedfurth 

Wittms bedfurih 


in bo5 


XXJ 


- K 


in bon 


XXJ 


Roftt9 bedfurth 


... in bon 


XXJ 


M. lo d. 








Jofccs Wright 


.. in bon 


XXJ 


- i<i 


Ekabeih m^sden 


in bon 


XXJ 


- jrf 


Rolk9 byngley 


in bofi 


ws 


- u 






Sma — 


xvs ixd 


KiRKHBTON. 






Roger9 harbor 


in boil 


. v/z 


— xd 


Laur bemond 


in boB 


. xU 


— 'i)d 


Georgius thewles 


in bon 


. xb 


- lid 


Thorns Stafford 


in boil 


. vli 


- id 


Edward9 north 


.. in bon 


XXJ 


- j^ 


Wiihnslile 


in boil 


iij/j 


— i\]d 


Edmond9 Ryschworth ... 


.. in bon 


mil 


— iiij^ 


Lanr Copley 


in boil 


. x\s 


- IK 


Edward9 hepworth 


in bon 


x\s 


Johes lile 


in bon 


. x\s 


- ¥, 

— md 


Thorns Hie 


in boil 


. ii;/l 

xls 


Laur Armitege 


in bon 


— iija 


. ohcs Souzerd 


in boii 


~ '4d 


ohes hepworth 

Thorns north 


... in bon 


. vli 


— ^ 


in boil 


iiij/i 


— iiijd 


Radus Souzerd 


in bon 


iij/i 


— iij^ 






Sm» — 


vs u}d 


K 


IRKBURTON. 






Thorns hucchonson 


in bori 


. iiij/« 


— iujd 


Rogef9 Shay 


in boil 


iij/i 


— iijdf 


Ricos hucchonson 


in boil 


iii// 


— n}d 


jacob9 Chapell 


in bon 


. xls 


- ijd 


LJinfrid9 Key 


in bon 


xls 


- iV 


Wiihns Armit^e 


.. in boil 


xxs 


- J^ 


Riois Cogan 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Johes byns 


in boil 


xxs 


- d 


Thorns bemond 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Elias Souzer 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Kicus genn 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Johanna boith 


in bon 


xxs 


— ;^ 






Sm» - 


— xx}d 


W 


ESTBRETTON. 






Ricos Went worth 


in bon 


vj// 
iiij// 


— xij^ 


Wittms Roger 


in bon 


— m]d 


Johes oxley 

RotSt9 Cowden 


in bon 


iiij/« 


— iiij^ 


in bon 


iiii/« 


— iiud 


Ricus Jenkynson 


in bon 


. xli 


^ i]d 


Thorns SykkC 


in boii 


xxs 


- ')d 






Sma — 


\]s i\]d 




Lepton. 






ohes Wood, Sen 

■lotk9 Crawschay 


in bon 


. yii 


- xd 


in bon 


iiij/t 


— iiij^ 


Ricus Sampson 


in boii 


iiij/* 


— m\d 


Edward9 Copley 


in terr* 


xxs 


- ijrf 


Riais bemond 


in boii 


. xU 


- ijrf 


Johes estwood 


in boh 


xxs 


- jrf 


Antony norton 


in boii 


.. x\s 


- ijrf 


Roht9 baildon 


in bon 


. x\s 


- ijrf 


Tacob9 Cogan 


in boh 


..' XXJ 


- yi 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 





Lepton (continued). 






Rot5t9 Shepd 


in bon 


x\s 


- j^ 


Wittms Cook 


in terr' 


xLf 


— iiij^ 


Rot5tus dransfeld ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— i^ 


Arthur9 Wood ... 


in bon 


y\s 


- ijd 


RoUl9 Wood 


in boil 


x\s 


~ ijd 


Ricus byns 


in bon 


xxs 


- id 


Johes dollyff 
Thoins Atkynson ... 


in boil 


xxs 


~ u 


in bon 


xxs 


- u 






Sma 


— iijj vd 




Shelley. 






[ohes Nethgait 


in terr* 


x\s 


— m)d 


'Rot)t9 Wood 


in boil 


iiij// 


— n\}d 


Joties hucchonson ... 


in bon 


iij/j 


— iud 


'Ro^t9 demon 


in boil 


xls 


— i}d 


[ohes dodworth ... 


in bon 


xLf 


[oties Wright 


in terr* 


xxs 


- iid 


Ux' ecti brook ... 


in terr* 


xxs 


- ijd 


Thorns denton 


in boil 


xxs 


- Id 


Ricus denton 


in bon 


xxs 


- d 


James lokwood 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Edward9 harmitege 


in boB 


xxs 


— d 


Rot5t9 firth 


in bon 


xxs 


- d 


Ricus dison 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


George dison 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Wittms dyson 


in bon 


xxs 


— d 


Wittms Artol 


in bon 


xxs 


- d 


Wittms lokwood ... 


in bon 


xxs 


- u 






Sm^ 


— ijs vd 




Snydai.l cu Aikton. 






Johanna Redman ... 


in bon 


V)li 


— xiW 


Milo Cart^ 


in bon 


vli 


- xi 


Wittms becars 


in bon 


\li 


— :ui 


Ux' hewetson 


in bon 


xxs 


— K 


Johes boyn 

Edmond9 Shillito ... 


in boil 


x\s 


— ii</ 


in boil 


x\s 


- ijrf 


Roht9 blom, Jun ... 


in bon 


xxs 


— K 


Wittms blom 


in bon 


xxs 


- U 


Wittms Shillito ... 


in bon 


x\s 


- iid 


Ricus blom 


in boii 


x\s 


- i rf 


Johes burton 


in bori 


x\s 


- irf 


Rohi9 Jakson 


in bon 


iiii/« 


— ni]d 


Thorns Stanfurlh ... 


in boil 


x\s 


- iji 


Thorns lowkf 


in bori 


iij/z 


— n)d 


Carol9 Smythson ... 


in bon 


iij// 


— iijd 






Sma - 


— iiijs ixd 




Halyfax. 






Edward9 Kent ... 


in bon 


iiij/« 


— iiij^ 


Johes lyst^ 


in boil 




— xiiixd 


Johes barstow 


in boii 


Yii 


- xrf 


Edward9 hoppey ... 


in bon 


v]li 


— xiid 


Ux' Rici Kent ... 


in boii 


xxs 


- yi 


M. II. 








Wittms Watman ... 


in boB 


vii 


— yd 


Rohi9 Hall 


in bon 


xlj 


— iW 


Jacobus hailey 


in bon 


XXJ 


- /</ 


Ricus hailey 


in bon 


iij// 


— iij^ 


Michaell Otlt 


in bon 


wli 


- xLf 


Edward9 myln^ ... 


in boB 


yh 


— xd 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



123 





Halyfax (continufd). 








Ux' Rofcti foraes ... 


in bon 


xlx 


— 


\\\d 


Wittms stokkf ... 


in bon 


— 


\]d 


Rofti9 barstey 


in boil 


XXJ 


— 


)d 


Jofces barstey 
'Edward9 barstey .. 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


in bon 


. xlj 


— 


ij^ 


George Swansofi ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


Wiitms baroclought 


in terr* 


XXJ 


— 


i]d 


Ricus barstey 


in terr' 


. xIj 


— 


iiij^ 


Robt9 brodley ... 


in terr' 


. xb 


— 


iiij^ 


Rol5t9 barstey 


in boil . 


.. xlj 


— 


ij^ 


>!ies Thorns 
Ricus lyst^ Jun ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


d 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


\i\d 


Edward9 brodle ... 


in terr' 


XXJ 


— 


\yd 


Johes holden 


in bon 


. x\s 


— 


¥ 


Thorns mechell ... 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


\u\d 


Brian9ottf 


in boB . 


. v/j 


— 


xd 


Jofces p*stley 
Thomas maysofi ... 


in bon 


vli 


— 


xd 


in bon 


iiij/r 


— 


iiij</ 


Ricus haldisworth ... 


in bon 


.. V/l 


— 


xd 


Rofct9 mawd 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


Wittms mechUl ... 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


Ux' Wittmj brodley 
Wittms Dikson ... 


in bofi 

in bon 


. xl^ 
. vli 


:: 


xd 


Wittms Clyff 


in terr* 


. xb 


— 


ui}d 


Wittms Clyff, iuii ... 
Ux* Thome blakwocd 


in bon 


vij/« 


— 


x\\\}d 


in bon 


.. vli 


— 


xd 


Rofct9 balmfurth ... 


in boil 


. xlj 


— 


ijd 


Elizabeth lokwood 


in bon 


vj// 


— 


xi)d 


Alex brown 


in boil 


. xLr 


— 


iid 


Wittms birley 


in bo8 


XXJ 


— 


i^ 


Ricus hargraves .. 


in bon 


.. xU 


— 


iid 


Wittms Romysden 


in bofi 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Xpor9 haldisworth 
Wittms brodley ... 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


uiid 


in terr* 


: T 


— 


vid 


Rofcl9 medley 


in bofi 


— 


ijd 


Jofces haldisworth ... 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


iiijd' 


Rofcl9 brown 


in bofi 


XXJ 


— 


)d 


Thorns ley 

Jofces Wilson 
Thorns hervson ... 
Ux* Tofcis haldisworth 
Ux* Jofcis Romysden 


in bon 


. iiii// 
v/i 


— 


iiij*/ 


in bon 


— 


xd 


in bofi 


iiij// 


- 


iiijt/ 


in bofi 


XXJ 


— 


i'i 


in bofi 


. xb 


— 


ijrf 


Wittms Shakiltoii... 


in bofi 


iiij// 


— 


iiije/ 


Rofct9 Shepley ... 
Thorns hoill 


in bofi 


.. xb 


— 


ij^ 


in bofi 


xIj 


— 


ij^ 


Jofces fomes 


in bofi 


XXJ 


— 


}d 


Rofct9 fomes 


in bofi 


XXJ 


— 


}d 






Sm» — 


xxijj 


id 




OVYNDEN. 








Wittms brodle ... 


in terr* 


iij// 





vjd 


Jacob9 bawmfiirth... 


in bofi 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Henric9 Cokcroft ... 


in bofi 


. iij// 


— 


i\}d 


Wittms hillyngworth 
Jofces Cokcroft 
Thorns baittf 


in terr* 


. u]li 


— 


viijrt^ 


in bofi 


. vj// 


— 


Xljtf 


in bofi 


• !?^* 


— 


xv\\\d 


R6fci9 hillyngworth 


in lerr' 


iij// 


— 


vjrf 


Henric9 hiUyngworth 


in bofi 


viij// 


— 


xv'yd 


Jofces Cros' 

Tho&s Shay 


in lerr* 


iiij// 


— 


viij^ 


in terr' 


. xlj 


— 


iiija^ 



124 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



OVYNDBN (continued). 



Ricus haliday 


in boll 


.. vli 


— 


xd 


Ux' Wittmj grenwood 


in boil 


.. vli 


— 


xd 


Xp6r9 denton 


in bon 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Ricus dean 


in bon 


v'yli 


— 


xijaT 


Withns Rydyng 


in terr* 


\\}li 


— 


v]d 


Edward9 Slaidcn 


in bon 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Johes mawd ... 


in bon 


vli 


— 


xd 


Wittms doighti 


in terr* 


. xlx 


— 


iiijrf 


ohes Cokcroft 


in boB 


\n\li 


— 


\md 


ohes Wood 


in bon 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Jx Rici Awmler 


in bon 


. v]li 


— 


xiid 


Ux' Ria borsley 


n terr' 


xxs 


— 


\yd 


Ux' Wood 


in bon 


. xLr 


— 


¥ 


Wittms lyster 


in terr' 


x\s 


— 


m]d 


Nicolaus Takson 


in bon 


iij/j 


— 


md 


Johes W(;od 


in bon 


. vli 


— 


xd 


Ricus Sherd 


in bon 


iiij/r 


— 


m\d 


Wittms dean 


in bon 


. yii 


— 


xd 


ITioms Campynolt 


in bon 


iij/« 


— 


iij^ 


Johes best 


in bon 


iij/i 


— 


i\\d 


Johes hillyngworth 


in bon 


. xb 


— 


'¥, 


Ricus hciley 


in terr* 


. xlj 


— 


\\\]d 


Ricus barrett 


in bofi 


iii// 
xb 


— 


md 


Ux' Rohti Whetley 


in bon 


— 


ijrf 


Ricus boithes 


in bon 


iuli 
xls 


— 


iii^ 


Jacobus best 


in bon 


— 


ijrf 


Johes heton 


in bon 


. x\s 


— 


\]d 


Johes farnsid 


in bon 


. x\s 


— 


\)d 


Johes grenwood 

Johes barstay 


in terr' 


. x\s 


— 


liija 


in terr' 


. xh 


— 


m\d 


Roht9 Awmler 


in bofi 


.. xU 


— 


¥ 


Wittms doughty 


in bon 


iiij/r 


— 


iiiW 


Johes oldfeld 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


Xpor9 Cos}Ti 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


\^ 


Ricus Mawde 


in terr' 


xxs 


— 


V 


Johes Sallonstall 


in terr' 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


Johes Wilkynson 

Johes Aumlcr 


n bofi 


xxs 


— 


id 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


>jrf 


Jacobus oldfeld 


in bofi 


iiij/f 


— 


iiijrf 


Ricus hillyngworth 


in terr' 


xxs 


— 


'¥ 


Johes hillyngworth 


in boii 


xxs 


— 


K 


Ux* Rohti tomsoii 


in bofi 


vnjlt 


— 


xyjtf 


Ricus Tomson 


in bon 


— 


xvj^ 


Ux' Johis barstey 


in bon 


v]li 


— 


x\]d 






Sm* — 


xxvijj 


¥ 


[Skir] 


COlTf. 








/ohes Saltonstall 

Tohes Mawd, sen 


in boil 


vij/i 


— 


xiiij^ 


in terr' 


. x\s 


— 


iiij^ 


Johes Mawd, jun 


in bon 


. x\s 


— 


Kyi 


Wittms brodle 


in terr* 


iij// 


— 


vjrf 


Johes Saivill 


in terr' 


iiij/< 


— 


viiji/ 


M. II d. . 










Johes Smyth, sefi 


in terr' 


. x\s 


— 


myd 


Johes Smyth, jun 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


¥ 


Thorns Saivill 


in terr' 


'm)li 


— 


viijrf 


johes boy 

acob9 myln^ 

[lohti myln^ 


in terr' 


\\}li 


— 


vjrf 


in terr' 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


[ohes myln^ 


in terr' 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



125 



Steptius myln^ 
Roto Wat^hous ... 
Edward9 Wormall 
Wittms Pulley ... 
Ricus Waterhous ... 
Edward9 Mawde ... 
Henric9 Pighils ... 
Robtus thorpe 
Ricus helewell 
Johes horsley 
Thorns Rayn^ 
Wittms Mawd 
Johes Thorns 
Edmond9 barstey ... 
Wittms burnley ... 
Elizabeth Waterhous 
Agnes Wat^ous ... 
Issabella Wat^hous 

Johes byke 

Ricus burnley 
Henric9 hilton 



Johes Sund^^d ... 
Jacobus grenwood ... 
Ricus ColpoD 
Ux* Sutclyff 
Thorns fleccher ... 
Wittms fleccher ... 
Edus fornes 
Gill5t9 grenwood ... 
Wittms grenwood... 
Thorns aikrod 
Johes Crabtre 
Thorns grenwood ... 
Ux* grenwood 
Johes mawd 
Wittms bothomley 
Johes bothomley ... 
Ux' banyst^ 
Ux* fleccher 
Wittms Sutehill ... 
Edward9 oldfeld ... 
Jacob© helele 
Thorns Stansfeld ... 
Edward9 helele .. 
George helele 
Thorns brokysbank 
Tho&s fornes 

Johes lom 

Roht9 aikrod 
Edward9 baitf ... 
Edmond9 Waterhous 
Ricus Wood 

Xpdr9 Roo 

Johes Wood 
Johes Riley 
Edmond9 lom 
Ux' gledhill 



[SKlRjcont (continuecf). 



in terr* 


xx^ 


— 


{]d 


in terr' 


... TS\S 


— 


ii\)d 


in bon 


iiij/i 


— 


iiijd 


in boB 


XXJ 


— 


}^ 


in lesses 


xLr 


— 


liijrf 


in bon 


... bdi 


— 


xviij^ 


in bon 


... v/i 


— 


xd 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


\d 


in bon 


.. vli 


— 


xd 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


i)d 


in bo& 


... x\s 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


i)d 


in bon 


xU 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


K 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


% 


in bon 


.. iu/i 


— 


in bon 


.. iii/i 
.. iij/« 


— 


\\\d 


in boil 


— 


i\]d 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


id 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


yi 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


jrf 


JRBY. 


Sma — 


xjs 


iijflf 


in boil 


iiij/f 





iiij^ 


in bon 


... x\s 


— 


'¥.. 


in bon 


vij/« 
x\s 


— 


xiiij^ 


in bon 


— 


¥ 


in bon 


... xU 


— 


m\d 


in bori 


iiij/« 


— 


in bon 


... xUt 


— 


i\d 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


\]d 


in terr* 


xxs 


— 


i)d 


in bon 


.. vli 


— 


id 


in terr* 


n]ii 


— 


y]d 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


J^ 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


d 
{]d 


in boil 


.. x\s 


— 


in bon 


.. yit 


— 


xd 


in bon 


mUi 


— 


ivd 


in terr' 


ihj/i 


-- 


viud 


in bori 


xxs 


— 


\d 


in bon 


... v/« 


— 


xd 


in bon 


vij// 
v/t 


— 


xiiij^ 


in boil 


— 


xd 


in boii 


iij/i 


— 


\\}d 


in bon 


iij// 


— 


md 


in boh 


XXJ 


— 


'yi 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


ft 


in boh 


... x\s 


— 


in boh 


xxs 


— 


fe 


in boii 


.. x\s 


— 


in terr* 


xh 


— 


m\d 


in boii 


.. x\s 


— 


\yd 


in bon 


viij/« 


— 


vjrf 


in boh 


.. x\s 


— 


ijrf 


in terr* 


.. x\s 


— 


iiijrf 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


m\d 


in boh 


.. x\s 


— 


ijrf 


in boh 


.. xLr 


— 


ijrf 



126 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



M. 



Johes Crowd^ 

Ricus Crowd^ 

Rot5t9 baitf 

Johes Janyn 

Ux* Janyfi 

Ux* Jotiis dikson 

Roftt9 lech, jun 

Jotles Riley, Sen 

Gilt5t9 baitf 

Johes Riley 

Ux* gaukroger 

Johes gaukroger 

Ricus gaukroger 

Johes fairbank 

Gilhl9 haldisworth 

Xpor9 bentley 

Johes baitf 

Wittms gledhill 

£dward9 hopkynson 
Edinond9 Tatersall 

Johes briche 

Exlmond9 hepe 

Johes foxcroft 

Georg Smyth 

Edmond9 haill 

Jacob9 Smyth 

Ricus gaukroger 

GUht9 Sharpe 

Georg helewell 

Johes Smyth 

Johes hoill 

Johes Smyth 

Johes gaukroger 

Thorns dobsoii 

Laur ferror 

Johes murgatrod 

Johes ferror 

Johes powll 

Ricus grenwood 

Georg Riley 

RohtS Rodd 

Johes holrod 

Roht9 Whitley 

Ricus Whitley 

Elias Woodhed 

Brian Roidf 

Georg firih 

Johes dobsoii 

Thorns Crosley 

Thorns Milner 

Roht9 townnend 

John townnend de le gatt 

Ux* p'stley 

Johes townnend 

12. 

Ux' Roidf 

Johes townnend 

Johes firth 

Edward9 lom 



Saurby (coniiniud). 




in bon 


iij/i 


in bon 


T 


in terr* 


in bon 


\H 


in terr' 


XXJ 


in boB 


smli 


... in boB 


x\s 


in terr* 


xb 


in terr* 


xU 


in bon 


iij/« 


in terr* 


XXJ 


in terr' 


mli 
iiij/r 


in boB 


in terr* 


xas 


in boB 


viij/« 
mli 


... in boB 


in boB 


vii 


in terr' 


x\s 


in boB 


x\s 


in boB 


vij/j 


in terr' 


x\s 


in boB 


xxs 


in terr* 


xxs 


in terr* 


xLr 


in boB 


xU 


in boB 


xxs 


... in terr* 


xxs 


in boB 


XXJ 


in bon 


XXX 


in terr' 


iij/i 

Vlj/f 


in boB 


... in boB 


T 


in boB 


in terr* 


xxs 


in terr' 


xxs 


in boB 


x\s 


in terr' 


xxs 


in bon 


x\s 


in boB 


vli 


in boB 


T 


in boB 


in boB 


xxs 


in boB 


T 


in terr' 


in bon 


x\s 


in terr* 


x\s 


in boB 


viij/i 


in terr* 


xxs 


in boB 


iiij/« 


... in boB 


xli 


in boB 


x\s 


in terr' 


iij/i 


' ... in boB 


V/I 


in boB 


xxs 


in terr* 


x\s 


in boB 


x\s 


in terr* 


xxs 


in terr' 


xxs 



— md 

— \\]d 

— iiij^ 

— xd 

— xvj<r 

- ¥.. 

— iiij^ 

— \\]d 

- ijrf 

— \]d 

— m]d 

— xvj<r 

— iiji 

— xd 

— iiij^ 

- ijrf 

— x\\\)d 

— iiij^ 

- K 

— \\\]d 

— iW 

— ;,rf 

- i 

— yw/ 

— xiiiia 

— iija 

- ¥. 

- ¥. 

- iH 

- ¥. 

- ¥. 

— xyi 

— xd 

— m)d 

— xd 

— nja 

— ih}d 

— ijd 

— iiijrf 

— xv'jd 

- ¥.. 

— uija 

- ¥. 

- lid 

— V)d 

— xd 

— id 

— m]d 

- ¥. 

- ¥. 

— \)d 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



127 



Thoix&s haurison . 
Hen? Hoill 
George Remysden 
Wittms Tatersall .. 
Thorns Crosley 



Thodis stansfeld ... 
Thorns stansfeld, Jun 
Gi»k9 Cokcroft 
Thorns Sutclyff 
Rotit9 SutclyjBT 
Tohes Cokcroft 
Wiihns estwood 
Ricus fornes 
Wiihns Riley 
Jacobus fleccher 
Ricus fornes 
Johanna fornes 
Kicus normanton 
Georgius fornes 
Edward9 stansfeld 
Ricus grenwood 
Thorns Sonnd^^land 
Rofct9 hemyngwey 
Wiitms normanton 
Georg normanton .. 



Ricos Ajmley 
Ux' Ria Jagger ... 
Edward9 Jagger ... 
Ux* gilftti Aynley... 
Johes Aynley 
Wiihns moure 
Ux* Johis townnend 
Johes townnend ... 
pciualI9 townnend... 
Edmond9 townnend 
Withns Wilkynsoii 
Ux» JohU Wormall 
Bamard9 dentofi ... 
Ro1U9 townnend ... 
Hugo townnend ... 
Wifims Wilson ... 
Ux* Nichli Woodhed 
Laur gledhill 
George helewell ... 
JoJto p'stley ... 
Thorns Walker 
Thodis helewell ... 
Johes Wilkynson ... 
Brian9 Mawde 
Johes gledhill 
Gilftt9 bothamley ... 
Edward9 Wilson ... 



Saurby (conUniud). 

in bon 
in terr* 
in bon 
in boil 
in terr* 

Arrvngden. 



xU 
iij/f 
iij/« 
xIj 
xIj 
Sma — 



— \]d 

— y]d 

— '\\}(i 

- lid 

— iiij^ 
xxxvjj iij^ 



in terr* 


. iij/« 


— 


v\d 


in terr' 


XXJ 


— 


ijd 


in bon 


. vli 


— 


xd 


. in bon 


. xlj 





\]d 


in boil 


. vH 


— 


xd 


in bon 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


in bon 


. xb 





\]d 


in bon 


•: T 


— 


iijr/ 


in terr* 


— 


m\d 


in boil 


. xb 


— 


\]d 


. in bon 


Xlf 


— 


\\d 


in bon 


. iij/« 


— 


••• f 


in terr* 


xIj 


— 


md 


in terr* 


XXJ 


— 


iji 


in bofi 


XXJ 


— 


d 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


. in bon 


xxs 


— 


d 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


d 


in boil 


XXJ 





' d 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


' d 


rAYNLAND. 


Sm'^ — 


vs viij</ 


in bon 


. v// 


___ 


xd 


in boil 


XXJ 


— 


id 


in boii 


x\s 





u 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


K 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


U 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


jrf 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


U 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


K 


in lioii 


xxs 





U 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


yi 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


\d 


in bon 


xxs 





U 


in bon 


xxs 







in bon 


xxs 


— 


in bon 


xxs 





U 


in bon 


xxs 





y 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


U 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


U 


in terr* 


xU 


— 


.... , 
uija 


in terr* 


. x\s 


— 


uijd 


. In boil 


. xls 





ijd 


in bofi •. 


xxs 





u\}d 


in terr* 


xU 


— 


in boil 


. xls 





iid 


in bon 


iij// 





i\]d 


hi boil 


. Xlf. 


— 


ijrf 


in boil 


. xLr 


— 


ik 




Sm» — 


iiijf 


iij^ 



128 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Gill5t9 stansfeld 

Wittms bent ley 

Ux' Wittmj mechill 
Ricus drape, jun 

Ricus Sutclyff 

Johes mechill 

Hen? Sutclyff 

Johe mechill de farrend town 

Ricus Ro^tshey 

Thorns Crabtxe 

Johes Crabtre 

Ricus mechill 

Johes u I ley 

Johes mitton 

Johes Weidhope 

Johes Crabtre 

Johes mechill 

Ricus Drape 

Roht9 bentley 

Tacob9 mechill 

Ux* Thoe bentley 

Patrik huyk, Scot9, nutt bon 



Heptenstall. 

in feodf 
n bon 
R terr* 
n bon 
n terr' 
in terr' 
in boh 
in boh 
in tenr* 
in boh 
n ten* 
n bon 
;n boh 
n boh 
n terr* 
n boh 
in boh 
n terr' 
in terr* 
in boh 
n terr* 



MiGLEY. 



iiij/« 

xU 

xb 

iiij/i 

xIj 

XXJ 

iiij/t 

y'jlt 

x\s 

iiij// 

xxs 

xU 

vli 

iiij/j 

i\)U 

iiij/i 

iiij// 

xl^ 

x\s 

xls 



Ricus dean 


in terr' 


.. iiij// 


Ux* Johis dean 


in terr' 


.. xli 


Ricus patchett 


in terr* 


iiij// 


Ux' Thome p'stley 


n terr* 


.. xb 


Ricus Slaiden 


in terr* 


.. x\s 


Ricus Shay i 


n terr* 


xxs 


Ux' Jacoby Shay 


n terr* 


.; XXS 


Ux* fohis helewell 


in terr' 


XXS 


Roht^ haldisworth 


in terr' 


.. x\s 


johes bemond 

'Roht9 Thorns 


n terr' 


.. xls 


n terr* 


XXS 


[ohes Shay 

Jx' cdwardi Shay 


in terr' 


xxs 


n terr' 


xxs 


Ricus migley 


in bon 


.. yj// 


Wittms grenwood 


in boh 


vj// 


Ricus migley 


in boh 


.. iiij// 


Roht9 mygley 

Edward9 Slaiden 


in boh 


iiij// 
.. iiij// 


n boh 


Wittms ferror 


in boh 


.. xl} 


Johes ferror 


in boh 


.. x\s 


Roht9 helewell 


n boh 


.. x\s 


Johes ferror 


m boh 


.. xli 


[licus drape 


m boh 


.. x\s 


Thorns Drape 


in boh 


.. x\s 


Johes hargraves 


in boh ^ . 


x\s 


Ux' Nicolay mygley 


n terr' 


xxs 


Roht9 townnend 


m lK)h 


.. xls 


Henric9 Phelipe 


m boh 


xxs 


Ux' Wittmj catrenson : 

Jacob9 oldfeld 


n boh 


xxs 


in boh 


xxs 


[. 12 d. 






Ricus Shay i 


n terr' 


xxs 


Ux' Wittmj mechill i 


n boh 


xxs 


Georg gwykwham 


in terr* 


.. xU 



viij^/ 

¥. 

uija 
iiij// 
iiij^ 

¥. 

nijtf 
xijflf 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 

xd 

iiij^ 

\}d 

\\\]d 

\\\]d 

in]d 

iiij^ 

\]d 
m]d 



Sm* — viijx 



— v\\]d 

— iiijrf 

— v\\]d 

— iiij^ 

— \\\}d 

— i]U 

- ijrf 

- !i^ . 

— iiija 

— m]d 

— \]d 

— \]d 

— xi^d 

— x\}d 

— iiijfl? 

— iiij^ 

— iiij^ 

- !K 

- y5 

- ij</ 

- i]d 

- ¥. 

- ij</ 

- ijrf 

- ¥. 

— i\d 

— \d 

- yi 

- xyt 

- ^. 

- iiij^ 

ixs m]d 



Sm» — 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



129 



Shelf. 



Ux' umfridi Wat^ous ... 


in terr' 


.. xlt 


— iiijaT 

— iiij^ 


Withns Cowp 


in terr' 


.. xU 


Ricus mawde 


in terr' 


xb 


— iiijdf 


Wittms Saltonstall 


in terr' 


XX J 


zig 


RotSt9 dicconson 


in bon 


xlj 


Arthur9 bentley 


in terr' 


.. xb 


— l)d 


Wiitms fomes 


in bon 


XX J 


Ux* cdwardi mawde 


in bon 


.. xb 






Sma 


— xx}d 




Warley. 






Joties Wat^ous 


in bon 


\\s 


- id 


Ux' Wittmj Mawd 


in bon 


viij/i 


— xvj^ 


Jacob9 Mawd 


in terr' 


\\s 


- ijrf 


Edmond9 oldfeld 


in bon 


\\s 


- y'. 


Jacob9 mawd 


in bon 


\'\\]li 


— XV]d 


Ux' Rici mawde 


in bon 


.. v// 


— xd 


Edward9 Spek 


in bon 


iij/« 


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plan of %eeb6, \S06. 



TTHE plan of Leeds which I have been asked to describe is dated 
1806, and appears to rank next in point of time after the 
second of the two which were reproduced in Volume IX of the 
Society's Transactions, and so well described by Colonel Wilson.^ 
It was found amongst some papers which had belonged to my 
grandfather, Thomas Benson Pease, who died in 1846, and who, 
though not, I believe, a native of the town, lived all his life in 
Leeds, and took a very active interest in its affairs. He was one of 
the Commissioners named in the Leeds Improvement Act of 1824, 
which authorised the removal of **the Middle Row." 

The plan was published by John Heaton, who was a well known 
bookseller and publisher in Leeds, but there is no internal evidence 
as to its author. He can hardly have been a surveyor of any note, 
since the work is extremely crude ; indeed the principal streets might 
have been traced by a ruler, they are so extraordinarily straight and 
generally at right angles to each other. From the point of view of 
accuracy in delineation, the plan is almost valueless; but it is 
interesting as a link between its predecessor of 1771, and the 
beautiful survey of 181 5 by Netlam and Francis Giles; and as 
illustrating the growth of the town. The Leeds of 1 771, as shewn 
by the map of that date, is very little different from the Leeds of 
Thoresby's time, as portrayed by the earlier map, which is dated 1725 
by Colonel Wilson. Some of the main roads have more buildings 
alongside them, but there is no laying out of streets or appropriation 
of fields and gardens for building purposes. In 1806, after an 
interval of thirty-five years which separates the plan of 1771 from 
that now under consideration, a great change has come over the 
town. On every side we see expansion, though on the north and 
south less building has taken place than on the west and east. 
Commercial Street (called Bond Street at its eastern end) has been 

^ I have just learned that a plan of Leeds dated about 1780 is in the 
possession of Mr. T. Blair, but I have not seen it. 



OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 13I 

cut from Briggate to Albion Street, and all the ground to the west 
of Lands Lane, which in 1771 appears as fields and gardens, has 
been laid out in streets and squares. To the east of the Parish 
Church, the Mill Garth and the land adjoining Timble Beck have 
nearly all been built over. 

The town is no longer in that condition which induced Leland 
two and a half centuries before to say it was not so quick as 
Bradford, but has started on the career of prosperity which is to 
characterise it for the next hundred years. 

It is impossible now to decide whether the publisher had any 
definite purpose in issuing this plan. I thought at first it might 
have been intended to illustrate a directory or guide to the town. 
The directory of 1797 was published by Thomas Wright, the 
proprietor of the Leeds Intelligencer^ who lived in New Street leading 
to St John's Church, and had a bookseller's shop in Briggate. I 
believe subsequent editions were published, and indeed my copy 
(which belonged to Griffith Wright) is corrected in manuscript for 
1798, as if for the printer. But I do not know that John Heaton 
had any business connection with the Wrights, or that he ever 
himself published a directory or guide. The Leeds Guide of 1806 
was printed by Edward Baines "for the Author." The reprint of 
1808 was printed by John Ryley, and sold by (amongst others) 
J. Heaton. But it has no plan. Nor has the little compilation 
entitled "-4 Walk through Leeds^^ dated 1806 and published by John 
Heaton. The directory of 181 7, which was published by Edward 
Baines, has no plan of Leeds, and I know of no intermediate work 
of that kind. One must conclude, in the absence of further evidence, 
that the issue of this plan was a venture on the part of John Heaton, 
unconnected with any particular object. And I think the edition 
must have been very limited, as I never saw or heard of a copy 
before. 

Turning now to the plan itself, we find that Briggate still ends at 
the Middle Row, and that the Prison still stands on the south side 
of Kirkgate. It was not removed till 18 13, when the new Court 
House and Prison in Park Row was completed. The Middle Row 
was removed in 1825 under the powers of the Improvement Act of 
1824. So long before as 1765 these buildings were felt to be an 
inconvenience, as appears by the following from the Leeds Intelligencer^ 
10 September, 1765 : — "The inhabitants at the Back of the Shambles 
"began last week to take in their Shop windows and pull down their 
"Penthouses in order to make a better Passage for carriages; the 



132 OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 

"want of which has been long and loudly complained of: but much 
"more to the credit of this opulent town wou'd it be to purchase 
"the whole Pile of Buildings which are in the Middle and so greatly 
"obstruct the passage of that otherwise noble street (Briggate) " 

The new street opposite Kirkgate and extending to Albion Street 
is called Bond Street on our map as far as Lands Lane, and 
thenceforward Commercial Street. It is so named ip the plan of 
1 815 and in Charles Fowler's plan of 182 1, and it was not till the 
extension to Park Row was carried out, some time between 1821 and 
1826, that the present names were bestowed. Commercial Street 
from Albion Street to Lands Lane must have been laid out some 
time before the Bond Street of our map. Mr. C. D. Hardcastle, in 
his paper on "Leeds in my Grandfather's Days," says that on the 
1 2 th April, 1806, all the materials of the tenements in Briggate, lately 
occupied by Mr. Hugh Bell and nine under-tenants, were advertised for 
sale : " This range will be pulled down forthwith, to make a projected 
" new street from Briggate to Commercial Street." Probably Commercial 
Street was laid out about the same time as Albion Street. The plan of 
182 1 shews a projected extension of Commercial Street in a straight 
line across Albion Street to Park Row, but this must have been 
abandoned for some reason and the present curved street constructed 
before 1826, as it is so shewn in Fowler's plan of that date. The 
Bond Street of to-day, from Park Row to East Parade, was constructed 
before 182 1, and was in the first place called Russell Street. In the 
early years of the last century, , a sedan chair was kept for hire in a 
cellar in Commercial Street, and my mother, who was born in 18 14, 
remembered riding in it as a child. The following advertisement, 
taken from the Leeds Mercury of November 3rd, 1804, shews that 
Commercial Street was not yet a street of shops : — " To be let two 
"newly-erected messuages in Commercial Street, Leeds, each containing 
" 2 good cellar kitchens with oven grates and pots therein, 2 rooms on 

"the ground floor with 6 lodging rooms above Commercial 

"Street is one of the most pleasing airy and healthful situations in 
"Leeds and very convenient for trade and market." 

Our plan shews the whole of the land in these two streets as 
built over, but this cannot have been the case, as in the map of 
181 5 there is vacant ground in both of them. 

The inns in Briggate are much the same as in 1771, but the 
old King's Arms is soon to disappear from the list. It was kept in 
1797 by J. Hick, but in January, 1813, it had ceased to be an inn. 
The building is still standing, and is occupied by Mr. Bean, the 



OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 133 

bookseller, and others, but it has been acquired by the Corporation 
and will be removed in the widening of Duncan Street. It was the 
scene of rioting in 1 753, when the people resisted the introduction of 
turnpikes^ and in front of this house, in which the magistrates met to 
deliberate, the military fired with fatal effect upon the mob. In 1797 
it must have been the principal coaching house in the town, since 
five coaches left for London and other places, while from no other 
inn did more than three depart. It belonged to Joseph Wood, a 
hatter in Briggate, who gave his name to Wood Street (now demolished 
by the Leeds Estates Company), and who dwelt in St. Peter's Square, 
and it remained in his descendants' possession till the Corporation 
bought it. 

Lower down Briggate the name "Hotel" appears. In the Directory 
of 18 1 7, under the heading "Inns, Tavern," &c., is the following:— 
"Hotel, Sarah Greaves, Briggate." It is curious as being the only 
house called a hotel, and was probably the first to be so designated. 
I imagine it is the same as the Royal Hotel, so long kept by 
Stanwix. In the map of 1815, it is called Greaves' Hotel. 

Boar Lane presents very much the same appearance in our plan 
as in that of 1771, except that the ground between what is now 
Albion Street and Bank Street is apparently built over. Alfred 
Street is not yet in existence, but it was laid out very soon afterwards. 
I have just come across some particulars of sale, dated 1809, of 
property belonging to Richard Lee, a merchant and manufacturer, and 
who appears to have been also receiver of land tax and other duties. 
He made default in his accounts, and a writ of extent was sued out 
against him in the Court of Exchequer, under which his lands were 
seized and sold by the Deputy Remembrancer. Lot VII is described 
as "a capital messuage situate on the south side of Boar Lane 
"in Leeds now in the occupation of John Kemplay with the 
"bookbinder's shop occupied by Henry Dodsworth," and other 
buildings, "with the yard and part of the garden containing 900 
"square yards or thereabouts including 240 yards now staked off on 
"the west side of the said yard and garden for the purpose of 
"forming part of a certain intended new street of 15 feet wide or 
"thereabouts to be called Union Street and to lead from Boar Lane 
"aforesaid into a certain other intended new street of 26 feet wide 
"or thereabouts to be called Fenton Street." 

Then follow other lots of land, some abutting upon Union Street 
and some on Fenton Street, with rights of way for some of the latter 
through White Horse Yard, and for all of them through a covered 
passage into Briggate. 



134 OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 

It seems to me clear that Union Street is the present Alfred 
Street. John Kemplay seems to have bought Lots VII and VIII, 
and I find from the Directory of 1817 that John and Mary Kemplay 
carried on a "ladies' seminary" in Alfred Street; and from that of 
1826 that John and Mary Kemplay and Daughters carried on "a 
"ladies* boarding and day boarding seminary," at 18, Boar Lane. The 
house was probably at the corner of Boar Lane and Alfred Street, 
with the entrance from the latter street. It cannot have borne the 
name Union Street very long, and the change was no doubt made to 
avoid confusion with another street of the same name near the Mill 
Garth. But why it was renamed Alfred Street I cannot guess. 
Fenton Street, which was to run at right angles to Union Street, 
is clearly the present Wormald's Yard. I have not met with a copy 
of the sale plan referred to in these particulars. 

There was a school in Boar Lane in 1765, as appears from the 
following extract from the Leeds Intelligencer of 24th September: — 
"At the Boarding School in Boar Lane, Leeds, Young Ladies are 
"genteelly boarded and carefully instructed in all kinds of Needlework 
"upon reasonable Terms, By Mrs. Dawson and proper Assistants. 
"The Young Ladies are also instructed in the following languages, 
"viz. English and French, grammatically; Writing and Arithmetic; 
"Modern Geography; Drawing; Music and Dancing, by able Masters 

" N.B. The above situation is airy and pleasant, and the 

"greatest part of the leisure Hours, allowed to the Young Ladies, are 
"employed in such amusements as are both useful and entertaining." 

This school must have been afterwards removed to Park Row, as 
in the Directory of 1797 the name of "Mrs. Dawson, boarding school, 
" Park Row," occurs. 

Richard Lee, above referred to, acquired the house in Boar Lane 
under the will of his aunt, Mrs. Jane Shepley, who died in 1797, and 
whose maiden name was Markham. He lived at the house in 
Woodhouse Lane, now occupied by the Girls* High School, having 
bought the site in 1795, and probably erected the house soon after- 
wards. It was sold in 181 1 to Philemon Land, — who is 'described 
as a distiller and brandy merchant, of 27, Woodhouse Lane, in the 
Directory of 181 7. 

Mr. Hardcastle tells us that the formation of Trinity Street was 
thus announced in the Leeds Mercury of the 17th August, 1805 : — 



OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 1 35 

"To the inhabitants of this town and neighbourhood of Leeds. 
"Notice is hereby given, that Mr. Richardson, of Burley Lodge, 
"intends in the month of May next (if not sooner) to open a foot 
"horse and carriage way from Boar Lane, along Trinity Lane, into 
"Lands Lane, for the convenience of the said town and neighbour- 
"hood, and which intended public road will communicate with 
" Briggate, Commercial Street, Bank Street, and Albion Street." This 
new street is shewn on our map, and styled Trinity Lane. It is so 
described in the Directory of 1817, but as Trinity Street in that of 
1826; though, curiously enough, it is Trinity Lane in the accom- 
panying map. The advertisement shews, however, that a street known 
as Trinity Lane already existed. It is not mentioned in 1797. 

Albion Street is shewn as laid out from Upperhead Row to Boar 
Lane, though not yet entirely built up on both sides. The old 
Music Hall now occupied by Messrs. Denby & Co. was built in 1792, 
as appears by the following extract from the Leeds Intelligencer of 
July 9th, 1792 : — "We have the pleasure to inform our readers that the 
" first stone of the intended Concert Room was laid on Monday last 
"(July 2nd) in the street now making from Boar Lane to Upperhead 
" Row, and which, we understand, is to be called Albion Street" The 
Butts Lane of the map of 18 15 (now Basinghall Street) is here styled 
"Back of Park Row," and is no doubt the same street as is marked 
"Mill Hill Lane" in the map of 1725. There is nothing as yet 
erected on the open ground surrounded by Park Row, South Parade 
and East Parade, but these streets are otherwise built up. Park 
Square is in nearly the same condition as in 181 5. For some 
reason it is called St Paul's Square in the Guide of 1806 and the 
reprint of 1808; though in the Directory of 1797 I find the Reverend 
Miles Atkinson, minister of St Paul's, Park Square ; and in the Walk 
through Leeds of 1806, it is called Park Square. 

Crossing Leeds Bridge we find Simpson's Fold, now Dock Street, 
on our left. Here dwelt Joseph Blackburn, the attorney who was 
hanged at York in 181 5 for forging stamps on deeds. The name 
of the street would appear to have been derived from a family named 
Simpson, or Sympson, who lived there and probably owned the site 
at a very early period. In the register of baptisms at the Parish 
Church we find, "1573, August 23, Elizabeth, child of Robert 
Sympson, Bryge end;" and in the register of burials for 1692, 



136 OLD PLAN OF LEEDS. 

Simpson Fold is described as Bridge end. A Robert Sympson 
(probably the same) appears in the Subsidy Roll of the 39th 
Elizabeth (1596-7) as the owner of lands in Leeds Mainriding, which 
were valued at thirty shillings, the highest assessment but one in that 
division in respect of lands. So that he must have been a person 
of consequence. 

A little further on we come to Gray's Walk, now Grey Walk. 
The former mode of spelling the name is probably correct, as it is 
no doubt derived from the family of Gray, formerly of Leeds and 
Kippax (see Piatt and Morkill's Whitkirk^ p. 89), who owned land 
there. Edward Gray was Mayor of Leeds in 1749 and 1768. 

The suburbs of the town are very imperfectly portrayed in this 
plan, and the roads are laid out with very little regard for accuracy. 
It is disappointing as a picture of Leeds, the more it is examined, 
as one feels how little reliance is to be placed upon it, whether one 
regards it from the point of view of the position of the streets or 
of the buildings abutting upon them. 

I am greatly indebted to Mr. Lumb, the painstaking Hon. 
Secretary of the Society, for the references to the Leeds Intelligencer 
and Leeds Mercury, and other sources of information. 

John Rawlinson Ford. 




ViiL XI» MfsuJ/anm^ p. ijo. 



XEborc0bi? Society 



REPORT FOR 1900. 

'^^HE Council of the Thoresby Society have the pleasure to 
present their Twelfth Annual Report During the year one 
Life and sixteen Annual Members have joined the Society, and 
the number on the Roll at the end of the year was 322, of 
whom 49 were Life and 273 Annual. 

Further parts of the "Miscellanea" and "Leeds Parish Church 
Roisters'' have been issued to the members for the year 1898. 
The "Miscellanea" contained an Account of Mangy's Trial, with 
Notes ; a paper on Bramhope, and further portions of local Wills, 
proved 1527 to 1531; Leeds Manor Rolls, Musters in Skyrac 
Wapentake, with Notes; and Lay Subsidies of Agbrigg and Morley 
Wapentakes, 

During the summer successful excursions were made to Edling- 
ton, Conisbrough Castle and Church and Sprotborough Church, to 
Helmsley Castle and Rievaulx Abbey, and to Cowthorpe, Walton, 
Wighill and Marston Moor, under the skilful guidance of Messrs. 
Barran, Witherby, Kitson, Braithwaite and Clark. 

The Council regret that they have lost by death the valuable 
services of their colleague, Mr. William Henry Broadhead, who was 
one of their most useful members, especially in regard to photographing 
and noting old buildings in I^eds, and to regular attendance at 
meetings. 



The Council gratefully acknowledge gifts from their Vice- 
President, Mr. J. H. Wurtzburg, of 20 valuable sepia drawings of the 
battlefields of Yorkshire, by Wagstaffe, in a mahogany case ; from the 
Government Stationery Office, 84 volumes, — being i vol. Close Rolls, 
Edward II (1307-1313); 75 vols. Chronicles ; 4 vols. Record Works ; 
and 4 vols. Scottish Records. Three framed engravings, — views of 
Old Leeds, — from the Rev. N. Egerton Leigh ; an old Leeds 
School Book, from Mr. J. R. Ford ; and one engraving from Mr. S. 
Denison. 

Special reference must be made to a very important question 
with which the Council have had to deal during the past year. 
Among the objects for which the Society was established the 
first-named in the Rules is the collection and preservation of books, 
and other objects relating to the town and neighbourhood of Leeds. 
It is obvious that it is not possible to do much in this direction 
until a home has been secured for the Society. The Council have 
had this matter under consideration from the formation of the 
Society, but it was not until the year 1896 that an opportunity 
presented itself of securing satisfactory premises in conjunction with 
the Yorkshire Archaeological Society. These premises formed part 
of the Old Medical School, No. 10, Park Street, and they were 
secured for a term of five years from the ist of November, 1896, 
at a rent of ^^43 per annum. The remainder of the Medical 
School Estate, extending to nearly three-quarters of the whole area, 
was and still is occupied as a clothing factory; but it was one of 
the terms of the lease that the Societies were to have the option 
at any time during the five years* term of purchasing the whole 
premises for ^^3,000. It has been deemed desirable that this option 
should be exercised, and, with the concurrence of the members of 
the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, this has been done. It is 



Ill 

intended that the premises shall be held jointly and equally by the 
two Societies, and this will necessitate the payment of ;^ 1,500 by 
the Thoresby Society. The funds available for the purchase consist 
at present only of the accumulated Life Fees, but the Council wish 
to impress upon the members the important fact that they have in 
their store-rooms a large stock of publications, the sale of which 
would enable them at once to complete the purchase. It is hoped 
that all members who have not a complete set of the publications 
will take the present opportunity of completing their sets. The 
various volumes are issued handsomely bound, and the terms can 
be ascertained on application to the Treasurer. 



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LIST OF OFFICERS for 1900. 



pre6t^cnt 
Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red Hall, Leeds. 

John Rawlinson Ford, Quarrydene, Weetwood. 
John Henry VVurtzburg, Clavering House, Leeds. 
Daniel H. Atkinson, Grove Cottage, Starbeck. 
Rev. E. C. S. Gibson, D.D., The Vicarage, Leeds. 

CouncfL 

W. Paley Baildon, F.S.A., Lincoln's Inn, London, W.C. 

J. N. Barran, St. PauPs Street, Leeds. 

F. W. Bedford, Greek Street Chambers, Leeds. 

Godfrey Bingley, Thomiehurst, Headingley. 

W. Braithwaite, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

W. S. Cameron, 57, Caledonian Road, Leeds. 

The Rev. C. Hargrove, M.A., 10, De Grey Terrace, Leeds. 

A. E. Kirk, 13, Bond Street, Leeds. 

S. D. KiTSON, Greek Street Chambers, Leeds. 

W. T. Lancaster, Yorkshire Banking Co., Leeds. 

S. Margerison, The Lodge, Calverley. 

W. H. WiTHERBY, M.A., 2, Woodsley Terrace, Leeds. 

1)on. Xtbrattan and Curator. 

S. Drnison, 4, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

1)on. Q:rea0urer. 
Edmund Wilson, Red Hall, Leeds. 

1)on. Secretarfea. 

G. D. LUMB, 65, Albion Street, Leeds. 

E. KiTSON Clark, M.A., F.S.A., 9, Hyde Terrace, Leeds* 



Eycutstons. 



EDLINGTON, CONISBOROUGH, and SPROTBOROUGH. 

May 26th, 1900. 
(No. 28.) For the first excursion in 1900, to Edlington Church, 
Conisborough Church and Castle, and Sprotborough Church, Mr. J. N. 
Barran acted as guide, and spoke of the historical facts, and Mr. J. 
Bilson, F.S.A., described the architecture. The party drove from 
Doncaster, visited the places in the above order, took tea at the Star 
Inn, in Conisborough, and returned to Doncaster. They left Leeds 
i-io, and arrived in Leeds about 8-45. The district in which this 
excursion lies is rich in historical and antiquarian interest, and bears 
evidence {e^g. in its place-names and the fosse in Edlington wood) 
of very early settlements. It falls just within the point where the 
magnesian limestone meets the coal measures, and still possesses 
much picturesqueness of feature, particularly in the wooded valley of 
the Don between Conisborough and Sprotborough. 

EDLINGTON. 

Edlington Manor, "the town of the Atheling or younger son," is 
of great age. Granted at the Conquest to William de Perci, it has 
passed through a multitude of hands, including the Fitz Warrens, 
Scropes, Whartons, and Molesworths, some of whose monuments are 
now to be seen in the church. The old manor-house stood near by, 
and Hunter saw it in 1802, though much had been pulled down in 

1775- 

The Church. — The plan of the Church comprises a western 
tower, nave with north aisle of two bays and south porch, chancel 
and north chapel of one bay. The original church consisted of 
oblong nave and chancel only, dating from the middle of the twelfth 
century. Almost all this structure remains, with a fine south doorway 
and window to east of it, and chancel arch. Notice also the original 
corbel tables to the eaves on both sides of the church. At the end 
of the twelfth century a north aisle was added to the nave, and a 
tower at the west end of the nave; the corbelled shafts supporting 



VIU EXCURSIONS. 

the east tower arch recall the influence of Roche. The north chapel 
is an addition of the second quarter of the fourteenth century, when 
some of the chancel windows were also inserted. The south porch 
was probably added late in the fourteenth century. In the fifteenth 
century the belfry stage and angle buttresses were added to the tower, 
and the nave walls were raised and finished with a battlemented 
parapet. The nave pews and pulpit retain some woodwork of the 
fifteenth century. The font bears the date 1590. There are two 
brasses in the north chapel — Philip Wharton, 1684-5, ^"^ Lady Mary, 
wife of Sir Thomas Wharton, 1672. 

CONISBOROUGH. 

Conisborough, or as the old and better spelling gives it, 
Coningsburgh, is the city or fortress of the king, and was therefore a 
royal residence in Saxon times. Its present remains, no less than 
the extent and history of its honour, are worthy of its name and 
origin. The legend connecting it with Hengist may be put aside, but 
it was probably held by Ethelred, and certainly by Harold, and at the 
Conquest was given to the Conqueror's son-in-law, the Earl of Warren. 
The family of Warren came to an end in 1347, and the honour 
passed to a son of Edward III, and became a private fief of the 
Crown till granted away by Elizabeth. The Castle has, ever since the 
fourteenth century, been in gradual decay, and thanks to this it 
escaped dismantling at the time of the Civil War. Leland scarcely 
mentions it. After various vicissitudes it has come into the hands of 
its present owner. Lord Yarborough. 

Conisborough Castle is famous as the place pictured by Sir Walter 
Scott, as the palace of Athelstane, and scene of the funeral feast 
described in chapters xli, xlii of Ivanhoe, The circumstances of his 
visit to it, and "its romantic effect in the early dawn," are given in 
vol. iii of Lockhart's Life of Sir Walter Scott 

The Church. — Of the church mentioned in Domesday there 
appear to be no remains. A large aisleless church seems to have 
been erected in the middle of the twelfth century, of which the 
chancel-arch remains. The aisles extend to the west face of the 
tower, and were added towards the end of the twelfth century, the 
north aisle being a little earlier than the south. A squint from the 
north aisle points to a position in the chancel, where probably the 
original chancel ended. The south door is an excellent work of the 
end of the twelfth century, and the doorway of the south porch 
belongs to the early part of the thirteenth century. In the fourteenth 



EXCURSIONS. IX 

century some windows were inserted, and in the fifteenth century the 
chancel was rebuilt and the greater part of the western tower was 
constructed. The font, of the middle of the fourteenth century, has 
a representation of the Resurrection on its east face and a Majesty 
on the west face. There arc several sepulchral memorials of interest, 
the most notable of which is a fine Norman tomb-cover, length 5 feet 
8 inches, width at head i foot 10 inches, at feet i foot 5 inches, 
ridged, covered with sculpture. Early Norman, cf, work in Durham 
Cathedral and on Bible of William of St Carileph ; on the top 
roundels, enclosing signs of zodiac (?) ; on the side bishop, r.h. 
benediction, l.h. pastoral staff; a knight, r.h. sword, l.h. water shaped 
shield. See Associated Societies Reports and Papers^ 1867, vol. ix, 
P. I, pp 70, 71 (Raine). Romilly Allen, Christian Symbolism in Great 
Britain and Ireland^ 1887, p. 270, gives drawing of above under the 
head of St George and the Dragon. In a window in the vestry 
« there are fragments of excellent fifteenth century glass. 

The Castle. — The castle occupies a fine site overlooking the 
Don. It is approached across an outer ward on the west side, which 
is separated from the inner ward by a deep ditch which surrounds 
the latter. From the outer ward the ditch is crossed by a causeway 
which replaces the drawbridge, and from this we pass through the 
remains of the gatehouse and along an oblique passage-way to the 
entrance to the inner ward. The inner ward is an irregular figure, 
following the natural outline of the ground. The older parts of the 
curtain probably date from the first half of the twelfth century, and 
the domestic buildings of the castle were built along the inside of 
the curtain, on the north, west, and south sides. The keep is 
probably the finest cylindrical keep remaining in England. It stands 
near the north-east angle of the curtain, which it interrupts. It is a 
cylinder of 52 feet external diameter above the spreading plinth, 
divided equally by six massive buttresses, tapering on plan. The 
interior consists of a basement and four stages. The basement is 
vaulted, and approached only from the floor above, by an opening in 
the vault, below which is the well. The keep was entered on the 
first floor by an external stair, and light drawbridge; the first floor 
has no window or opening except the entrance doorway, and, like the 
basement, was probably a store. The second floor is lighted by a 
two-light window, and has a fine fireplace. The third floor is similarly 
lighted, and has a smaller fireplace. The south-eastern buttress 
contains a charming little oratory, of two bays, covered with a ribbed 
vault, with a small vestry to the north of it. The fourth floor, in the 

b 



X EXCURSIONS. 

roof, was surrounded by an open rampart walk. The buttresses rose 
above the parapets, and in two of them steps remain which gave 
access to small platforms on the top ; in another is an oven. The 
staircases and garderobes are contrived in the thickness of the wall, 
which is about 15 feet above the tapering base. The keep is 
doubtless the work of Hameline Plantagenet, half-brother of Henry 
II, who married Isabel de Warren in 1163, and died in 1202. The 
castle is well described and illustrated in G. T. Clark's Mediaval 
Military Architecture, 

SPROTBOROUGH. 

Sprotborough Manor, derived more obviously than probably from 
a Saxon "Sprot," can be traced to the Confessor's reign. It was 
granted at the Conquest to Roger de Busli, and descended direct 
in "a beautiful line of hereditary lords "* (Hunter) for over eight 
hundred years to its last owner, Sir Joseph Copley, with whose death 
the direct line died out. For four hundred years of this period it 
was held by the great Fitzwilliam family, and the church monuments 
are principally in the names of Fitzwilliam and Copley. 

The Church. — The plan of the church comprises a western 
tower, nave with north and south aisles of three bays, north and 
south porches, chancel, and two-storey sacristy on the north side. The 
earliest parts of the church are the responds of the north arcade of 
the nave, which represents an aisle added in the second half of the 
twelfth century to probably an aisleless nave. The chancel was 
rebuilt c. 1300. The nave arcades were reconstructed in the first 
half of the fourteenth century, when the aisles were no doubt 
widened. The tower was rebuilt in the fifteenth century. The 
church contains many interesting monuments. In the south aisle are 
the effigies of a knight and a lady, the latter under an arch in the 
south wall — possibly Sir William Fitzwilliam, who died before 1342, 
and his widow, Isabel, who in her will dated 1348 leaves her body to 
be buried in the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr in the Church of 
Sprotborough (Hunter's South Yorkshire^ i» 337)- On the chancel 
floor is a brass with effigies of William Fitzwilliam (d. 1474), and his 
wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Chaworth. In the chancel 
is the tomb of Philip Copley (d. 1577), son of Sir William Copley 
and Dorothy Fitzwilliam, and his wife, Mary (d. 1597), daughter of Sir 
Brian Hastings. There is a remarkable stone chair (fourteenth 
century) in the south aisle. The nave pews contain much early 
sixteenth century woodwork. 



EXCURSIONS. XI 

RIEVAULX ABBEY AND HELMSLEY CASTLE. 

June 23RD, 1900. 

(No. 29.) In the second excursion of 1900 members visited 

Rievaulx Abbey and Helmsley Castle, under the guidance of Mr. 

W. H. Witherby and Mr. S. D. Kitson. The following short notes 

appeared in the programme: — 

RIEVAULX ABBEY, 

the first Cistercian house in Yorkshire, was founded in 1131 by 
Walter Espec. It was colonised direct from Clairvaux. Owing to 
the nature of the site it lies almost north and south, but the points 
of the compass are here treated conventionally. 

The first buildings in stone were raised soon after 1145. ^^^ 
plan no doubt resembled that of Kirkstall, an aisleless presbytery of 
• two bays, flanked by three chapels on each side, opening out of the 
transepts. The only existing remains are the ends and west sides of 
the latter and part of the south wall of the nave. The architecture 
was of the plainest possible type. The nave probably remained 
Norman to the end. There was a west window of many lights 
(probably Perpendicular). At the west end was a Galilee, as at 
Fountains. 

About 1 193-1203 a further storey was added to the transepts. 
The east chapels of the north transepts were then built. The present 
choir was next built {circa 1230), starting from the east, and the 
building proceeding westward to the Norman presbytery, which was 
then taken down and the new work joined on. The east chapels of 
the south transept were completed last. The above gives the order 
in the work of construction which has been accepted, but the last 
word has yet to be said. 

The choir and presbytery each filled two bays and a half; the 
bay behind the high altar was open for processions, and against the 
east wall was a row of five small chapels. 

The monastic buildings sadly need clearing. The frater is of 
great size, and built out over a vaulted under-croft. West of it was, 
as usual, the kitchen, and east the warming-house. The chapter-house 
had five aisles and an apse. Over it, as usual, was the monks' dorter, 
and the stair in the gable leading from it to the church is still 
traceable. The site of the gatehouse may still be seen, and the ruins 
of the capella extra portas. 



Xll EXCURSIONS. 

The stone used in the buildings is of two kinds, and came from 
separate quarries. It was brought to the Abbey by "guteriae" or 
canals, filled from the Rye, some remains of which are still visible. 
Interesting evidence with regard to these may be gained from the 
Chartulary of Rici^aulx (Surtees Society, vol. Ixxxiii). 

At the Dissolution, in 1539, the site and buildings passed to 
Thomas, Earl of Rutland. From a survey then made, and now 
preserved at Belvoir, much valuable information has been gained 

HELMSLEY CASTLE 

stands near the river upon a large mound, strengthened with earth- 
works of uncertain date. There is a double moat. The keep was 
originally built about 1200 by Robert de Ros, who held the lordship 
from 1 184 to 1226. The existing portion is 96 feet high, and 
contains three storeys. During the Civil War it was held for the 
King, besieged by Fairfax, and surrendered on honourable terms. It 
was then blown up by order of Parliament. 

The main entrance is by a gatehouse flanked by circular towers, 
and is mainly Late Norman or Early English; but the portcullis 
groove, with all before it, is of the 14th century. 

The range of buildings west of the inner court is mainly 
Elizabethan, and was probably built by Edward, third Earl of 
Rutland (pb, 1587). 

It was the favourite residence of the second Duke of Buckingham, 
whose trustees sold it to Sir Chas. Duncombe, ancestor of the present 
Lord Feversham. 



COWTHORPE, MARSTON MOOR, HILTON, WIGHILL, 
AND WALTON. 

July 28th, 1900. 
(No. 30.) On July 28, 1900, the third excursion of the year was 
conducted to Cowthorpe Oak and Church, Marston Moor, Bilton 
Church, and Walton Church, by Mr. W. Braithwaite. The party 
detrained at Wetherby, and after tea at the Royal Hotel, Boston Spa, 
returned by train from that place. Descriptions were given by Mr. 
Witlierby and Mr. E. Kitson Clark. 



EXCURSIONS. Xlll 

COWTHORPE OAK. 

The celebrated Oak has been described by Empson in 1842. 
But no earlier history is recorded by him than the report that a 
branch, 90 feet long, fell in 1722. In 1829 the oak's girth at the 
ground level was 60 feet, at 3 feet from the ground 45 feet. The 
age of the tree has been estimated at 1,600 years. 

There appears in the Leeds Mercury of January 13, 181 6, the 
following advertisement: — "Cowthorpe oak, 22yds. round the bottom, 
to be sold by auction or by ticket at the house of Mr. Fletcher, 
nnkeeper, in Shipbridge Lane, near York, on Friday, the 26th day of 
January, 1816." 

COWTHORPE CHURCH (St. Michael and All Angels^. 

Cowthorpe* Domesday Book — Coletorp. "Three carucates to be 
:axed, where there may be three ploughs. Godefoid de Alselin has 

it of Wm. Percy There is a church there Manor .... 

Value T. R. E. 20X., now 531. 4^." 

The site of the church mentioned in Domesday is ascribed to a 
field now known as Chapel Field, but no trace of the building 
remains. The present church was built probably as it stands now in 
1455-8, at the cost of Sir Bryan Roucliffe. "Because the parish 
church was far from the village, and the road very wet, muddy, and 
noxious," a commission was issued to certain men (among them the 
vicar of Bilton, John Hovingham) to enquire into the case. A new 
church was sanctioned February 13th, 1455-6, and forty days* indul- 
gence granted to all who assisted in the work. The church was con- 
secrated August 17th, 1458. The church is aisleless, having a chancel 
slightly narrower than the nave, walls about three feet thick. This 
simple plan is to be found at all periods in England for a small 
village church. The tower at the west end is remarkable, its eastern 
face is corbelled inside the church, and the rest of it carried by a 
pointed arch and vaulting outside the west wall. 

The masonry suggests that the tower and church are of the same 
date, and this appears to be confirmed by the fragments of a most 
interesting brass, in which the donor is represented with the church 
in his hand. This brass has suffered at the hands of thieves of 
the present half-century. According to Waller in the Yorkshire 
Archaologuai Journal^ Ivii, p. 10, it was dated 1494, and at his date 
(1845) it was laid as a base for a large stove. There remain, the 
effigy of Sir Brian Rouclyff, the church, the bier, a shield with Rouclyff 



XIV EXCURSIONS. 

and Ughtred, and iwo pieces of the finial of the canopy. On the 
church, above the nave door, is a chess " rook," the badge of Rouclyff. 
Sir Bryan's father was Recorder of York. He gained this estate 
through his mother, and was raised to the bench as third Baron of 
the Exchequer in 1458, and died 1494. His will (Surtees Society, 
liii, p. 102) is full of interest. He left money for the poor of 
Colthorp, to the rector of Colthorp his cloak and cape, to Blind 
Carlill de Colthorp 2d. per week, etc 

There are shields in the windows which can be connected with 
his family, a font with shields, and a fine chest. The chalice is 
Elizabethan, and the Registers begin in 1568. The earliest bell is 
dated 1622. 

The old Manor House of Cowthorpe is the first house on the 
right as one comes from Wetherby. 

BATTLE OF MARSTON MOOR (fought on July 2nd, 1644). 

When maps had been distributed to members, a full description 
was given embodying the following particulars : — 

The Parliamentarian forces and their Scottish allies were besieging 
York. Prince Rupert was advancing from Lancashire by way of 
Skipton, Denton, and Knaresborough to its relief Fearing to be 
caught between the Prince and the Duke of Newcastle, who was in 
command at York, the Parliamentarians raised the siege, and occupied 
the rising ground above Long Marston, hoping to bar the advance of 
the relieving force. Rupert, however, by a wide flanking movement, 
crossed the Ure at Boroughbridge, the Swale at Thornton Bridge, and 
seizing the enemy's bridge of boats over the Ouse, joined forces with 
Newcastle. Meanwhile, the Parliamentarians, alarmed for the safety of 
the Midlands, had begun to retire southwards, when news was brought 
of Rupert's advance for battle. They quickly reoccupied their 
position, while the Royalists were placed along a ditch, which may 
still be traced, running north of and parallel to the road from 
Tockwith to Ivong Marston. In numbers the Parliamentarians had 
a considerable advantage, though the actual figures vary. After some 
hours of mutual inaction, at about seven p.m. the Parliamentarians 
made a sudden charge ; and in spite of a temporary check, Cromwell 
and Leslie routed Rupert, who commanded the right wing, and drove 
him "along Wilstrop Woodside," The Royalist right under Goring 
was completely successful but carried pursuit and plunder too far. 
The battle was really won by the steadiness of Cromwell, who kept 



EXCURSIONS. XV 

his men in hand, and routed Goring's Cavaliers on their return. In 
the centre, Newcastle's "Whitecoats" retired fighting hard to an 
enclosure called White Syke Close, and died there almost to a man. 
See History of the Great Civil War, by S. R. Gardiner; Battles 
Fought in Yorkshire, by A. D. H. Leadman; Markham's Life of 
Fairfax, &c. 

BILTON CHURCH. 

Domesday Book — Biletone. No church mentioned There is, 
however, a pre-Norman cross of great interest, which should be 
photographed — two figures on shaft, one with club, the other with 
object resembling a dumb-bell. The head of the cross has four equal 
arms tied by a circle, and figures in each arm, their heads to the 
centre; decoration, the interlaced pattern usually ascribed to Celtic 
influence. The church, eleventh century nave (length twice its breadth), 
north and south aisles pierced by Norman arcade, which was restored 
by Sir G. Scott. There are zigzag mouldings on either side of round 
chancel arch, and unusual ornaments on the capitals of the Norman 
arcades. The bases of the pillars show distinctly late mouldings. 
The Norman corbels of the original chancel roof appear in the north 
and south aisles. The picturesque nave roof is covered with stone 
tiles, and timbered inside with unusual strengthening pieces. There 
is a monument in the south aisle ascribed to a prioress of Synning- 
thwaite ; dress, fourteenth century ; font, Early Norman. 

The Registers begin in 1571. Capt. J. Carmichael and Capt. 
D. Ashton were buried there in 1644, the date of Marston Moor. 
On November i, 1666, there was paid to my Lord Major of Yorke 
"the some of fower pounds fifteen shillings, collected in the parish 
of Bilton, concerning the great fire of Ix)ndon." 

WIGHILL CHURCH. 

In Domesday Book — two Wicheles are mentioned; no church, 
Wighill was first owned by Bertram Haget, who founded Helaugh 
Priory, and probably built the first church at Wighill in the twelfth 
century. The manor passed through several hands, and was sold to 
Sir Brian de Stapilton in 1375. In the church there are numerous 
monuments commemorating this family, who held the manor for 450 
years. The most remarkable is a full length figure of Robert Stapilton, 



XVI EXCURSIONS. 

who died Mar<;h nth, 1635, — a graceful marble figure in cuirass and 
gorget, with short peaked beard, moustaches pointing upwards, accord- 
ing to the fashion set by the King. A touching inscription is added 
by his widow, who subsequently married Sir M. Boynton, a widower 
with eleven children, and after his death, a third and fourth husband. 

The church has no chancel arch, has not had the plaster removed, 
has a north aisle (probably end of twelfth century), with Lady Chapel 
at its east end, a very small priest's door, low side window, and a 
devil's door, and benches (? fourteenth century) of bleached oak, with 
simple poppy heads at the ends. There are excellent gargoyles or 
the tower, representing musicians and jesters ; but the chief attractioi 
of Wighill Church is its very perfect Norman west door, which require, 
photographing, and would repay careful study. There is a fine viev 
from the east end over the plain of York. The Vicar has posted up 
a list, complete as far as evidence can be obtained, of his predecessors. 
It would be a most excellent thing if this were made a general 
practice in all churches. 

Before reaching Walton Church an Early manor house is passed 
(windows walled up in the days of the window tax). In the 
field which surrounds it are mounds, which mark a still earlier 
enclosure which merits attention, and a building standing by itself, 
reported to be the Assize Court. 

WALTON CHURCH. 

Domesday — Waletone. No church mentioned. The land of 
Osbern-de- Arches, Le, from Arques, near Dieppe ; perhaps Thorp Arch 
recalls the name of the Norman owner of Walton. 

The plan consists of an aisleless nave, western tower, south porch, 
and chancel. The plain Norman tower arch, with chamfered imposts, 
is the earliest work in the church, but the present nave may possibly 
represent the lines of the original Norman nave. The tower has a 
remarkably big plinth on its western side, perhaps designed to ensure a 
firm foundation on the sloping ground. The chancel was reconstructed 
in the second quarter of the fourteenth century; the east window of 
?iWQ lights and a window of three lights on the south side are of this 
period, and both are filled vrith reticulated tracery. The nave is 
lighted by two tall square-headed windows on each side, which are 
apparently a little later than the chancel windows. On the north side 
of the chancel is an arched recess, foiled, and with a crochetted ogee 
hood mould springing from slender pinnacle shafts : in this recess is a 
stone effigy of a knight in armour of the latter part of the fourteenth 



EXCURSIONS XVll 

century ; he wears a pointed bassinet, with camail, short tight surcoat, 
with its lower edge cut into leaf forms, below which appears a fringe 
of mail ; the defences of the arms and legs are entirely of plate, with 
cup-shaped coudes articulated above and below, and similar knee-caps ; 
the knight wears gauntlets, and a horizontal belt decorated with roses, 
with dagger on the right and sword (broken) on the left; his feet 
rest on a lion, and his head on a tiltmg helmet, the crest of which has 
been broken off. At the west end of the nave is a polygonal font 
with a very shallow recess for the water, which might be ascribed to 
the beginning of the thirteenth century. 

An inscription to Nicolas Fairfax (lyof) recalls the fact that the 
elder branch of this great Yorkshire family had its seat at Walton, 
and it is possible to connect the unknown knight, whose effigy is 
described above, with Thomas Fairfax, whose will was signed at Walton 
1394, and is more than usually interesting. The earliest forms of 
surnames appear therein. He leaves bequests to Edmund Coke, 
Hugh Gardiner, Symon Dyker, John Coke, Agnes Nuresse, Adam 
Carter, John Swynhird, etc.; and further on a connection between the 
Rouclyff family is found in the one piece of silver, signed with " rokes." 



At the conclusion of the Society's visit to the Museum at Adel 
on June 22nd, 1899, a collection was made among the members on 
the spot, and the sum realised was offered to the Rector for the 
purpose of providing a better light to the building, and also for 
making shelves on which to place the smaller objects for their being 
better exhibited. This has now been done, and a balance of about 
jCj is still left, which might be used for printing a small catalogue 
of the objects if one were drawn up. 



Ubc Uborcsbp Society. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 

{Corrected to October^ 1901). 

Those marked (*) are Life Members. 

Ambler, Thomas . . . . . . Broomhill, Moor-Allerton 

• Appleton, Charles . . . . . . Outwood House, Spencer Place, Leeds 

Appleton, Henry 79, Albion Street, Leeds 

Armistead, Edwin 39, Louis Street, New Leeds 

Armytage, Sir George, Bart., F.S. A. . . Kirklees Park, Brighouse 

Arnold, Edmund James . . . . 8, Cumberland Road, Leeds 

Asquith, William England . . . . Hunslet New Road, Leeds 

•Atkinson, Rev. Eidward, D.D. .. Clare College, Cambridge 

Atkinson, Hy. Geo 28, The Calls, Leeds 

Atkinson, John Cecil Butts Court, Leeds 

Atkinson, George Wm. .. .. i, Mark Lane, Leeds 

Badcock, Miss Isabel Baynes . . • . Somerlcaze, Wells, Somerset 

Bailes, Miss Kate G. . . . . . . Ridge Villa, Meanwood Road, Leeds 

Bailes, Richard Ridge Villa, Meanwood Road, Leeds 

Baildon, William Paley, F.S.A. .. 5, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London, 

W.C. 

Banks, Joseph Neville Hill, Pontefract Lane, Leeds 

Barker, Aldred F. 44, Ash Grove,' Bradford 

Barker, Joseph Henry . . . . . . Perseverance Mills, Kirkstall Road, Leeds 

Barran, Alfred . . . . . . . . Moor House, Headingley 

Birran, John Nicholson, M.A. .. St. Paul Street, I^eds 

Barran, Miss Edith The Hollies, Weetwood, Leeds 

•Barran, Rowland Hirst .. .. Beechwood, Roundhay 

Barraclough, Samuel Aire and Calder Navigation, Leeds 

*Barwick, John Marshall, M.A. .. 24, Basinghall Street, Leeds 

Batley, Edwin William 99, Albion Street, Leeds 

•Batlie-Wrightson, William Henry . . Cusworth Park, Doncaster 

Beaumont, James St. John's Cottage, Leeds 

Beck, Wm. James Basinghall Street, Leeds 

Beckett, Ernest William, M. P. . . Kirkstall Grange, Letds 

Bedford, Miss 14, Monkbridge Road, Headingley 

Bedford, Charles Samuel . . , . Broomleigh, Chapel Lane, Headingley 

Bedford, James Woodhouse Cliff, Leeds 

Bedford, James Edward, F.G.S. .. Shire Oak Road, Headingley 

Bedford, Francis W., A.R.I.B.A. .. Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XIX 

Jlcevers, Charles 92, All)ion Street, Leeds 

Belhell, W Rise Park, Hull 

Bilson, John, F. S. A Hessle, Hull 

Bingley, Godfrey Thomiehurst, Headingley 

Birchall, Edward, F.R.I.B.A Inglemoor, 18, Moorland Road, Leeds 

Blackburn, Walter Stephen . . . . Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Bodington, Nathan, M.A., Litt.D. .. Field Head, Shire Oak Road, Headingley 

Boston, Richard 9, Boar T^n?, Leeds 

Bowman, W. Powell Messrs. Goodall, Backhouse & Co., Leeds 

Bowring, Henry Illingworth . . . . AUerton Hall, Gledhow 

Bowring, Miss S. C Allerton Hall, Gledhow 

Bradley, John 80, Church View, Kirkstall 

Braithwaite, Walter St. George's Terrace, Headingley 

Braithwaite, Walter Samuel . . . . 6, South Parade, Leeds 

Branson, Fredk. Woodward, F.CS. .. 14, Commercial Street, Leeds 

* Bray, Geor^je Belmont, Headingley 

Brigg, William, B. A Harpenden, Herts 

Briggs, Arthur N. c/o Messrs. Miiligan, Forbes & Co., 

Bradford 

•Brooke, John Arthur Fenay Hall, Huddersfield 

Brown, William, F.S. A. .. .. W hi lehouse, Northallerton 

Bruce. Wm Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 

Buckley, John Camm Longfield, Headingley 

Bulmer, Miss Ada Blenheim Lodge, Leeds 

Bulmer, George Bertram, F.R.LB.A... Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Burrell, B. A 5, Mount Preston, Leeds 

Burrow, Alfred Linley Ridge Mount Villa, Cliff Road, Leeds 

Butler, Ambrose Edmund . . . . Kepstorn, Kirkstall, near Leeds 

Cadman, His Honour Judge . . . . Ackworth, Pontefract 

Cameron, James Spottiswoode, M.D. 6, Ridge Mount, Leeds 

•Cameron, William .S 57, Caledonian Road, Leeds 

Carter, Francis Richard . . . . Savile House, Pottemewton 

Chadwick, Jas. Geo . . Burley Grange, Leeds 

Chad wick, Samuel Joseph, F.S. A. .. Church Street, Dewsbury 

Chambers, James Edmund F The Hurst, near Alfreton 

Chambers, Joseph Charles . . . . 7, Cardigan Road, Headingley 

Cheesman, William Norwood . . . . The Crescent, Selby 

Chorley, Harry Sutton 15, Park Row, Leeds 

•Clark, Edwin Kitson, M.A., F.S.A. .. 9, Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

•Clark, Mrs. E. Kitson 9, Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

Clay, John William, F.S.A Rastrick House, Brighouse 

Coats, Thomas 25, Inglewood Terrace, Leeds 

•Collins, Francis, M.D Pateley Bridge 

Colman, Rev. Frederick Selincourt,M. A. The Rectory, Barwick-in-Elmet 

Comber, John Abermaed, near Aber}'stwyth 

Connon, J. Wreghitt, F.R.LB.A. . . 15, Park Row, Leeds 

Cookson, Rev. Edwnrd, M.A. .. Marlesford House, 34, Warrington Road, 

Ipswich 

Cooper, Aslley, F.C.S., F.LC. .. Astley House, Spencer Terrace, Leeds 



XX 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Cousins, William James 
Crampton, William Thomas 
Croysdale, Charles 



Dalton, Thomas . . 

Darwin, Francis, M.A. 
*Denison, Samuel 

Denison, Herbert 

Denison, Miss Frances 
* Denison, George Henry 

Derry, William . . 

Dodgshun, Edward J. 

Dodgson, E. O. .. 

Draper, Rev. Wm. Hy. 

Duke, Rev. Rashleigh E. II. 

*Eckersley, James Carlton 
*Eddison, John Edwin, M.D. 

Edmondson, Thomas 

Elliot, Douglas . . 

Elsworth, Alfred 

Embleton, Henry C. 
•Emmett, James . . 
•Eshelby, Henry Douglas, F.S. 



Farr, Wm. Edward 
*Ferrand, W. 

Fillingham, George 
*Ford, John Rawlinson 

Foster, George . . 

Foster, J no. Wm. 

Fourness, John William 



Gardner, Wilson 

Gibson, Rev. Edgar Charles S, 
•Gill, Christopher Coleman 

Gordon, John . . 

Grant, Prof. Arthur J.^ M.A. 
* Green, John Hartley .. 

Greenwood, Arthur 



Haigh, Frederick 
Hainsworth, Lewis 
Hall, Rev. Hy. Armstrong, B. 
Hannam, S. J. W. 
Hannam, Wm. Simpson 
*Hansom, Joseph Stanislaus 
Hardcastle, Melvill Joseph 
Harding, V/. Ambrose . . 
Hargrove, Rev. Charles, M.A, 



D.D. 



Greek Street Chaml)ers, Leeds 

Parcmont, Roundhay 

I02, Cardigan Road, Headingley 

65, Albion Street, L,eeds 
Creskeld Hall, Arthington, Leeds 
4, St. George's Terrace, Headinglgy 
10, East Parade, Leeds 
The Grange, Methley 

32, Clarendon Road, Leeds 
Municipal Buildings, Leeds 
14, Park Square, Leeds 
Souihleigh, Kirkstall Lane, Headingley 
The Rectory, Adel 

Maltby Rectory, Alford, Lincolnshire 

Carlton Manor, Yeadon, Leeds 

The Lodge, Adel 

Cardigan Lodge, Cardigan Road, Xeeds 

28, Bond Street, Leeds 

Ivy House, Meanwood 

Central Bank Chambers, L>eeds 

Reuben Street, Leeds 

80, Shrewsbury Road, Oxton, Birkenhead 

Sun Buildings, Park Row, Leeds 

St. Ives, Bingley 

16, East Parade, Leeds 

Quarrydene, Weetwood, Leeds 

Bleak House, Harehills, Leeds 

74, Briggatc, Leeds 

Victoria Chambers, Leeds 

10, Norwood Terrace, Headingley 

The Vicarage, Leeds 

42, Park Street, Bath 

I, Bond Street, Leeds 

Yorkshire College, Leeds 

Hartley Hill, Leeds 

16, Great George Street, Westminster 

The Holme, Bramhope, Leeds 
Oakwell Cottage, Farsley, near Leeds 
The Rectory, Methley 

33, Cromer Terrace, Leeds 
4, East Parade, Leeds 

27, Alfred Place West, South Kensington, 
Bank of England, Leeds S.W. 

Doddington, March, Cambridgeshire 
10, De Grey Terrace, Leeds 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXI 

•Harvey, William . . . . . . The Grove, Roundhay, Leeds 

Harvey, William Marsh . . . . 58, Queen's Gate Terrace, South Kensing- 

ton, London, S.W. 

•Hawk«bury, The Right Hon. Lord. | ^irkham Abbey. York 

Hawkyard, Arthur 138, Jack Lane, Hunslet 

Hayes, William 53, Albion Street, Leeds 

Ilebblethwaite, Rhodes . . . . Ilusthwaite, near Easing wold 

Hepper, Edward Henry . . . . Woodcote, Wood I^ane, Headingley 

Heppcr, John . . . , . . . . East Parade, Leeds 

Hep worth, Joseph Hazel wood, Torquay 

Hepworth, Norris Rhodes . . . . Torridon, Headingley 

Hick, Edwin Rose Villa, Scotland Lane, Horsforth 

Hindle, J. E 10, Park Row, Leeds 

Hirst, John Audus 5, East Parade, Leeds 

Hobson, Walter Arthur . . . . 82, Albion Street, Leeds 

Holbrook, Wm 4, Monkbridge Road, Headingley 

Horsfield, Richard Marshall . . . . West Garth, Meanwood, Leeds 

•Hovenden, Robert, F.S.A Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon 

•Illingworth, William Bramhope Manor, Leeds 

Ingham, Samuel Headingley Hall, Leeds 

Iveson, Lancelot 105, Mount Street, London, W. 

Jackson, Richard Commercial Street, Leeds 

'Jackson, The Rt. Hon. W. L., M.P. . . Allerton Hall, Leeds 

Kelsey, Hy. T.,M.A The Grammar School, Leeds 

Kendell, Daniel Burton, M.B. .. Thomhill House, Walton, Wakefield 

Kinder, Fred Woodlands, Kirkstall 

Kirk, Albert Edvrard, A.R.LB.A. .. Buckingham Villas, Headingley 

Kirk, John Castle Grove, Headingley 

Kirk, Jno. Croisdale 39, Park Row, Leeds 

Kirk, Miss Hannah Buckinghim Villas, Headingley 

•Kitson, Sir James, Bart., M.P. .. Gledhow Hall, Leeds 

•Kitson, Frederick J Gledhow Grove, Leeds 

Kitson, Albert E. Cloughton, near Scarborough 

Kitson, Miss (Ethel) Elmet Hall, Leeds 

Kitson, Miss J. Beatrice . . . . Elmet Hall, Leeds 

Kitson, Sydney D . . Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 

Knight, Arthur Langford . . . . Water Lane Works, Leeds 

Knight, John 47, Boar Lane, Leeds 

Lancaster, William Thomas .. .. The Yorkshire Banking Co. Ltd., Leeds 

Lawson, Edward Ernest . . . . 2, Osborne Terrace, Leeds 

•Lawson, Frederick William . . . . Oaklands, Adel 

Leadman, Alex. Dionysius H., F.S.A. Oak House, Pocklington, near York 

Leather, George Herbert . . . . Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Legard, Albert George, M. A Gibraltar Cottage, Monmouth 

Leigh, Rev. Neville Egerton, M.A. .. The Vicarage, Kirkstall 

Levitt, Robert 1 7 A, East Parade, Leeds 



Xxii LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Littlewood, Henry, F.R.C.S 40» Park Square, Leeds 

•Lumb, Alfred Overton 574, Old Broad Street, London, E.G. 

•Lumb, George Denison 65, Albion Street, Leeds 

Luplon, Charles, M. A. . . . . The Harehills, Leeds 

Lupton, Francis Martineau, M.A. .. Rocklands, Newton Park, Leeds 

*Lupton, Sydney, M.A 102, Park St., Grosvenor Sq., London, W. 

Malleson, Rev. H. H - Manston Vicarage, Crossgates 

•Margerison, Samuel Calverley Lodge, near Leeds 

Marshall, G. W., LL.D Samesfield Court, Weobley, R.S.O. 

Marshall, Thomas, M.A Ilighfield, Chapel Allerton 

Mason, Charles Letch 12, East Parade, Leeds 

Maude, William C Brackenwood, Bournemouth 

May, Rev. Thos. IL, M.A Ileswall Rectory, Chester 

Mayne, Frederic George . . . . York Union Bank, Leeds 

Middleton, Arthur Calverley Chambers, Victoria Sq , Leeds 

Midgley, James White Horse Street, Leeds 

Miles, James Guildford Street, Leeds 

Milnes, Edward Owthom, Wakefield 

Mitchell, Fred 9, Upper Fountaine Street, Leeds 

♦Morkill, John William, M.A Ncwfield Hall, Bell Busk, via Leeds 

Motley, Lewis Spen Lane, Kirkstall, Leeds 

Nixon, Sidney Ernest St. Chad's Hill, Far Headingley 

Norfolk-Johnson, W Cliffe Cottage, Horbury, near Wakefield 

Nussey, Geo. Leathley, B.A Ardenlea, Ilkley 

Gates, Charles Geo Mganwoodside, Leeds 

♦Oxley, Rev. William Henry, M.A. .. Petersham Vicarage, Surrey 

Palmer, Henry John 192, Chapeltown Road, Leeds 

Pape, William 39, Aire Street, Leeds 

•Parker, Major John W. R Browsholme Hall, Clitheroe 

Patchelt, Alfred 37, York Road, Birkdale, Soulhport 

•Peake, A. Copson 24, Basinghall Street, Leeds 

•Peatc, Jonathan Nun Royd, Guiseley, near Leeds 

Peck Harry Wadkin Yorkshire Banking Company, Hunslet 

•Pegler, Thos. Boyne 12, Great Geoi^e Street, Leeds 

Pemberton, Alfred Cooper . . . . c/o J.W. Fourness, Esq., Victoria Chambers, 

South Parade, Leeds 

Piercy, Thomas 16, Park Row, Leeds 

•Pocklington, Henry 20, Park Row, Leeds 

•Powell, Sir Francis Sharp, Bart., M.P. Horton Old Hall, Bradford 

Prater, T. Herbert Parlington, Aberford, near Leeds 

Ramsbotham, Samuel Henry, M.D. .. 16, Park Place, Leeds 

Redmayne, John 79. Albion Street, Leeds 

Richardson, Walter W i, Montpelier Terrace, Cliff Road, Leeds 

Rider, Haywood Ashwood Terrace, Headingley 

Rider, James 5, South Parade, Leeds 



LIST OF MKMBERS. XXUl 

*Riley-Smith, Henry Herbert . . ... Toulston Lodge, Tadcaster 

Robins, Rev. Hy. Temple .. .. 13, St. George's Terrace, Leeds 

Robinson, Percy 72, Albion Street, Leeds 

Robinson, W. P. c/o C. L. Woodward, 78, Nassau Street, 

New York, U.S.A. 

Roebuck, William Denlson, F.L.S. .. 259, Hyde Park Road, Leeds 

Rooke, Chas. Staveley Newton Hill, Leeds 

Roscoe, James Oatlands, Harrogate 

Rowc, Geo. Herbert Lyddon Hall, Leeds 

Rowley, Walter, F.S..\ Alder Hill, Mean wood, Leeds 

'Ryder, Charles Gledhow Hill, Leeds 

Scattergood, Bernard Page, M. A. . . Moorside, Headingley 

•Scott, John, Junr. High Street, Skipton 

Scott, Joseph 98, Albion Street, Leeds 

Shackleton, Wm. Architect, Pudsey 

•Simpson, John King Lane, Moor- AUerton 

Simpson, Rev. James Gilliland, M. A. Clergy School, Leeds 

Singleton, James 43, Delph Mount, Hyde Park, Leeds 

Skcvington, Thos. Wm. . . . • Wood Rhydding, Ilkley 

Slee, W. W 30, Duncan Street, Leeds 

Smith, Edmund Nelson's Yard, Leeds 

*Smith, Geo. Alderson . . . . . . Wheatcroft Cliff, Scarborough 

Smith, Stephen Ernest, F.R.LB.A. .. South Parade, Leeds 

Spark, Fredk. Robert Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

Stables, Rev. Wm. Herbert . . . . Runcorn, Cheshire 

Stead, John Walter 3, Cookridge Street, Leeds 

*Sykes, Arthur The Grange, Roundhay 

Taylor, Rev. Richard Vickerman, B.A. Melbecks, Richmond, Yorks. 

Teasdale, Washington 255, Hyde Park Road, Leeds 

Tempest, Mrs. Arthur Broughton Hall, Skipton 

'Tetley, Chas. Francis, M.A Spring Bank, Headingley 

Thonger, Charles W. .. .. .. 139, Victoria Parade, Filzroy, Melbourne 

Thompson, Walter, F.R.C.S 4, Park Square, Leeds 

Thrippleton, John Burley View, Leeds 

Tyers, George . . . . . . . . Bond Street, L.eeds 

Vincent, Rev. Matson, M. A Great Ouseburn, York 

Ward, William 36, Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

•Ward, George, F.LC, F.C.S. .. Messrs. Hirst, Brooke, & Hirst's, Manu- 

facturing Chemists, Leeds 

Ward, tL Snowden Golden Green, Tonbridge, Kent 

•Watson, George Donisthorpe House, Moor- Allert on 

Webb, Joseph Stenson 26, Park Row, Leeds 

White, John Osborne House, 144, Chapeltown Road, 

Leeds 

WTiitehcad, Tom St. Michael's Terrace, St. Michael's Road, 

Headingley 



XXIV LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Whitehouse, Edwin 89, Clarendon Road, Leeds 

Wilkinson, Wm. Musgrave . . . . Brecondene, 220, Newton Hill, Leeds 

Wilkinson, Jno. Ily 53, Albion Street, Leeds 

Wilson, Charles Henry 5, Park Row, Leeds 

♦Wilson, Edmund, F.S.A Red Hall, Leeds 

Wilson, Henry, M.A., F.S.A. . . F'amborough Lodge, Farnborough,R.S.O. 

(Kent) 

Wilson, Col. Jno. Gerald, C.B. .. Cliffe Hall, Pierce Bridge, Darlington 

Wilson, Jas Ormonde House, Headingley 

Wilson, Richard Lloyds Bank, Limited, Park Row, Leeds 

•Wilson, Henry S. Lee The Hall, Crofton, Wakefield 

Wilson, Robert Lancelot .. .. 21, Lyddon Terrace, Leeds 

Witherby, Walter H., M.A. .. .. 2, Woodslcy Terrace, Leeds 

Woffindin, Mrs. Mary . . .. .. i, Albion Place, Leeds 

Wood, Rev. Canon Fred. Jno., M.A. The Vicarage, Headingley 

Woods, Sir Albert Wm., K.C.M.G., .. 69, St. George's Road, Warwick Square, 
C.B., F.S.A. London, S.W. 

*Wurtzburg, John Henry . . . . 2, De Grey Road, Leeds 

Wylde, Rev. John, M.A. . . . . St. Saviour's Vicarage, Leeds 

Yorke, Reginald S The Hall, Burley-in-Wharfedale 

Yewdall, Zechariah Brook field, Calverley 



LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 



LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 



Barrow-iD-Fumess Free Public Library. 

Battersea Central Public Library, 265, Lavender Hill, S.W. 

Berlin, The Royal Library (Asher & Co., 13, Bedford Street, Covent Garden, W.C, 

Bingley Free Library. Agents). 

Birmingham Central Free Library. 

Boston, Public Library of the City of, U.S. A (Kegan Paul, Trench, TrUbner & Co. 
Limited, Paternoster House, Charing Cross Road, W.C, Agents). 

Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society. 

Bradford Free Library. 

Buflfalo Public Library, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S.A. (G. E. Stechert, Agent). 

Cambridge, St. Catherine's College. 

Chetham's Library, Manchester. 

Chicago, U.S.A. The Newberry Library (Stevens & Brown, Agents). 

Comell University Library, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. (E. G. Allen, Agent). 

Dewsbury Public Free Library. 

Detroit, The Public Library of, U.S.A. (B. F. Stevens & Brown, 4, Trafalgar Square, 

Glasgow, The Mitchell Library. W.C, Agents). 

The Guildhall Library, London. 

Hali&x Public Library. 

Harrogate Public Library. 

Leeds Church Institute. 

Leeds Institute of Science, Art, and Literature. 

Leeds Library. 

Leeds Public Library. 

Lincoln's Inn Library, W.C. 

Manchester Free Library. 

Manchester. The Jno. Rylands' Library, Deansgate. 

Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne Public Libraries. 

New York Historical Society, 170, Second Avenue, New York. 

New York State Library (G. E. Stechert, 2, Star Yard, Carey Street, W.C, Agent). 

New York Public Library. 

New Hampshire State Library, U.S.A. 

Nottingham Free Public Library. 

Oldham Free Public Library. 

Pennsylvania, State Library of, Harrisburg, U.S.A. 

Preston Free Public Library. 

d 



XXVI LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Record Office, The Public (Eyre & Spottiswoode, 5, Middle New Street, E.C.) 

Reform Club, Pall Mall, London, S.W. 

Rochdale Free Public Library. 

Sheffield Public Library. 

Strasburg, Kais. Universitats & Landesbibliothek. 

Syracuse Central Library, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S.A. 

Victoria, Public Library, Museums, and National Gallery of, Melbourne (Melville 

and Mullen, 12, Ludgate Square, London, Agents). 
Vienna. The Imperial Library (Agents, Messrs. Ceroid & Co., Booksellers, I, 

StefansplatE 8, Vienna). 
Watkinson Library, Hartford, U.S.A. (Edwd. G. Allen, 28, Henrietta Street, Covent 

Garden, W.C, Agent). 
Wigan Free Public Library. 
Worcester Public Library. 

Yale University Library, New Haven, U.S.A. (Edwd. G. Allen, Agent). 
York Subscription Library. 
Yorkshire Philosophical Society, York. 



SOCIETIES WITH WHOM PUBLICATIONS ARE EXCHANGED. XXVU 



LIST OF SOCIETIES WITH WHOM PUBLICATIONS 
ARE EXCHANGED. 

The Society of Antiquaries Burlington House, London, W. 

Ro3ral Archaeological Institute ... 20, Hanover Square, London, W. 

Mill Stephenson, Hon, Sec, 
Cambridge Antiquarian Society ... T. D. Atkinson, Hon, Sec,, St. Mary's Passage, 

Cambridge. 
Cumberland and Westmorland 

Archaeolc^cal Society Chancellor Ferguson, i5'fl?'«/^r, Lowther Street, 

Carlisle. 
Derbyshire Archaolt^cal Society ... Percy N. Currey, 3, Market Place, Derby. 

East Riding Antiquarian Society ... Rev. A. Hippisley Smith, Langton Rectory, 

Malton. 
Essex Archaeological Society .. ... G. T. Beaumont, F.S.A., Hon, Sec, 

The Lawn, Coggleshall, Kelvedon. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Historic 

Society R. D. Radcliffe, Old Swan, Liverpool. 

Leicester Archaeological Society ... W. J. Freer, Hon, Sec.y 10, New Street, 

Leicester. 
Sf. Albans Architectural 

and Archaeological Society ... Rev. Henry Fowler, Hon, Sec,, Heath Bank, 

St. Albans. 
Shropshire Archaeological Society ... Francis Goyne, Sec, Dogpole, Shrewsbury. 

Somersetshire Archaeological Society... The Castle, Taunton. 

Stockholm. Academy of Antiquities, 

National Museum, Dr Anton Blomberg, Librarian. 

Surrey Archaeological Society Castle Arch, Guildford. 

Sussex Archaeological Society Chas.T. Phillips, Zr^«.Zf^rarw«, The Castle, 

Lewes 
Upsala (Sweden), Royal University of. Chief Librarian, 

Yorkshire Archaeological Society .. E. K. Clark, Hon, Librarian, 10, Park Street, 

Leeds. 



Ihe Publications are also sent to the following :- 
The Chief Librarian, British Museum, London, W. 
The Chief Librarian, Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
The Chief Librarian, University Library, Cambridge. 
The Minster Library, York. 



The Society was formed to promote the study of the archaeology 
and antiquities of the County, and issues to its members a Journal 
containing articles of antiquarian and genealogical interest. 

Subscription, los, td, per annum. Life Fee, £-] ys, Hon, 
Treasurer: M. H. Peacock, M.A., The Grammar School, Wake- 
field; Hon, Secretary: William Brown, F.S.A., White House, 
Northallerton. 



The Record Series of the Society was commenced in 1885 for 
the purpose of publishing Yorkshire records. It has printed Feet 
of Fines, Index of Wills. Inquisitions, Subsidy Rolls, Chartularies, 
Monastic Notes, &c. Subscription, One Guinea per annum. Hon, 
Secretaries: S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A., Lyndhurst, Dewsbury ; 
J. W. Clay, F.S.A., Rastrick House, Brighouse. 



Cbt 2otksbir( Jlarislj legistet Societg. 

The Society was formed in 1899 ^^^ *^^ purpose of printing the 
older Registers of the County. The following have been either issued 
or are in the press : — York — St. Michael-le-Belfrey, Burton Fleming, 
Horbury, Winestead, Linton -in -Craven, Stokesley, Patrington, 
Scorborough, Blacktoft, Bingley, Kippax, Wath-on-Deame, and 
Hampsthwaite. 

Subscription, One Guinea per annum. President', Sir George 
Armytage, Bart; Hon. Treasurer: C. Letch Mason, 12, East 
Parade, Leeds; Hon, Secretaries: Francis Collins, M.D., Pateley 
Bridge; G. Denison Lumb, 65, Albion Street, Leeds, to whom 
applications for membership should be sent. 



<l!^ast libittg ^tttiquatian Societg. 

The Society was formed in 1892 to study and preserve the 
antiquities of the East Riding of the County of York. It has 
already done important work, making extensive excavations at 
Watton Priory, a Gilbertine house, near Driffield ; and has also 
taken part in excavaftons at Warter Priory, near Pocklington. 
Valuable papers on these, by Mr. St. John Hope, with plan and 
illustrations, appear in the Transactions for 1900. 

Subscription, lOJ. bd, per annum. President: The Lord 
Hawkesbury, F.S.A.; Hon, Secret($$ : Ke\. A. N. Cooper, Filey 
Vicarage. 






^^^mmmmB. 



1902. Vol XI. part II. 
publicaiions.of the 



<5.fc-j 








JJiscellanea. 




Wtft Ci)0mb9 Societg. 

The Society was formed in 1889 for antiquarian objects in 
connection with Leeds and District. Its publications include 
the Leeds Parish Church Register, Adel Register, Methley 
Register, Kirkstall Abbey Coucher Book, Calverley Charters, local 
Wills and Subsidies, and Miscellanea. 

Subscription, 10^. 6d. per annum. Life Fee, j^S 5^- 
President and Hon, Treasurer : Edmund Wilson, P'.S.A., Red 
Hall, Ivceds; Hon, Secretaries: G. D. Lumb, 65, Albion Street, 
Leeds ; B. R Scattergood, M.A., 7, Cookridge Street, Leeds. 



The following is a list of publications which may be 
purchased by members. 

Applications — ^accompanied by remittance — to be addressed to 
the Treasurer, Mr. Edmund Wilson, Red Hall, Leeds. 
Of some of these the stock is very small. 
Plan of Leeds, date 1806, i/- 

Atkinsori's "Ralph Thoresby, his Town and Times," 

2 vols., containing 886 pages, bound in buckram, 10/6 

(by post 11/-). Published at 25/- net. A most 

interesting and valuable work. 

Warden's "Antiquities of the Borough of Leeds," 

coloured plates, 3/- Published at 7/6. 
Pettingell's Lithographed Bird's-eye View of Leeds, 40 inches 

by £5, and margin, 2/- 
Stooks Smith's "Parliaments of England," 3 vols, in i, 
containing 765 pages, 2/6. London, 1844-50. Published 
at 10/6. 
Stooks Smith's "Parliaments of Yorkshire from the 

Earliest Times," 60 pages, i/- London, 1854. 
Margerison's " Calverley Parish Registers," Vol. II, 

1 650-1 680, 4/- 
„ „ „ Vol. Ill, 1681-1720, 4- 

The Society's Publications, Bound, viz.:— 

Vol. I. — Leeds Register, 157 2-16 12, 15/9. 

„ II. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 

„ III. — Leeds Register, 161 2-1639, 10/6. 

„ IV. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 

„ V. — Adel Register, 1606-18 12, 5/3 net. 

„ VI. — Calverley Charters (in progress). 

„ VII. -Leeds Register, 1639-1667, 15/9. 

„ VIII. — Kirkstall Abbey Coucher Book (in progress). 

„ IX. — Miscellanea, 15/9. 

„ X. — Leeds Register, 1667-1695, 15/9. 

„ XI. — Miscellanea (in progress). 

„ XII. — Methley Register, 1560-1812, 76 net. 

„ XIII. — Leeds Register, 1695-1722 (in progress). 

The above prices are subject to discount — 15 per cent, for any volume except 
V and XII ; 25 per cent, for a complete set. 



S0m« Ci&il Wat ^ccoutits, 164^-1650. 



TTHE document which is printed below was included in Ralph 
Thoresby's collection, and is now in the possession of the 
Thoresby Society, and the Council have decided to print it in full 
as a record of genuine historical interest, although it cannot be 
iscribed particularly to the locality. Further than this, it is difficult 
assign the correct value to the apparently unconnected items of 
?xp)enditure until such time as other accounts of a like character 
and there are many) have been printed and annotated. 

So far for the demerits of the document, but the demerits of 
he system therein disclosed entitle it to interest and consideration, 
^rmy reform is a burning question in 1901, and it was seriously 
alcen up when in February, 1645, ^^^ ^^^ Model was brought into 
>eing, and this country came to possess a regular army. Many 
hapters have been lost from the history of this all-important 
ubject, and many paragraphs are needed to fill up the gaps, 
taragraphs such as the following, which may readily provide from out 
>f their unclassified, irreconcileable elements the materials of an 
ittractive and instructive story. 

When it is remembered that one of the greatest sources of 
rouble among the victorious Parliamentary forces, early in the war, 
lad been the irregularity of payment, it seems extraordinary that so 
ate as 1647 the expenditure should be still dealt with in the 
laphazard fashion here set forth. 

It is true that there is an audit, that each page is signed by the 
' Quartermaster general of foot," E. Grosvenor, and that at the end 
»f the accounts of each year there appears the signature of Mr. John 
^ushworth, Secretary to the Council of War and to His Excellency, 
;ir Thomas Fairfax, the Lord General. But a cursory inspection 
vill lead the reader to wonder what the system could be, when such 
lisproportionate items as ;^i,6i7 25.6^. "to Col. Butler and Col. 
Fincher for disbanding their troopes," and j£i los. ^^d, "to W°* 
Turner for coales and candles at the Mewes," appear close together. 
^Vhat were the regular arrangements for payment of the army in 

; 



138 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

general, what was the scale adopted for the various services, and 
what the authorization for the several classes of expenditure, are 
questions which at once present themselves. The direct answers are 
not to be found in these Accounts, but they may upon fuller con- 
sideration and by careful collation, furnish indications of what is 
desired. 

The period covered is from January, 1647, to July, 1650, from 
the close of the first Civil War to the resignation by Fairfax of his 
post as Lord General. The last entry is on June 26th, 1650, the 
day on which Cromwell succeeded Fairfax in the chief command. 
The composition of the army at this time is admirably given by the 
Hon.* J- W. Fortescue in his History of the British Army^YoX, I, 
p. 220, while further details as to pay and equipment are to be found 
in Grose's Military Antiquities, The notes in the text illustrate 
and explain much that is of interest. Some of the most interesting 
references to important historical incidents are to be found on 
page 141, where there is a payment of ^^loo "to Cornett Joyce for 
extra charges," on July loth, 1647, just after his removal of the King 
from Holmby House ; on page 143, where there is an entry, August 
24th, 1647, of ;^4o "for the seamen who overtooke the 6 members 
neere Calice;" and on page 169, where ;^2oo was paid on May 3rd, 
1648, "for Contingencies for L' Generall Cromwell at his goeing 
into Wales." It is indeed a veritable "Account of Contingencies." 
Here are recorded all manner of payments, 2s, 6d, for a lost husband ; 
55. "to a man that lost his hogge;" 10s. for "a female scout taken 
at Sherborne;" "^^798 9^. 4^. for a moneths pay for the Companies 
in the Tower;" and there is not even a standard in the value of 
husbands, hogs or garrisons. The conscientious reader will be still 
more disturbed by erasures and additions that the final signatory 
has made apparently at the time of his audit. 

It is interesting to note the numerous entries of compensation 
for damages caused by the army, and the still more numerous 
payments to maimed soldiers — "it is supposed that many salve up 
the ruins of their estates out of their wounds," wrote Dr. Wilson, in 
the Fairfax Correspondence, June, 1643. 

The accounts are written on paper, and are in the main fairly 
legible : where the rendering is doubtful a query is inserted. Letters 
missed by abbreviation in the original have been added in italics, 
ahd words struck out have been printed in brackets. 

Ethel Kitson. 
E. K. Clark. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 39 



E LIBRIS RADI THORESBY LEODIENSIS. 



AN ACCOMPT OF CONTINGENTIES DISBURSED SINCE 

DECEMBER 1646 BY WARR^iVTS FROM HIS 

"EXCELLENCY THE LORD GENERALL FAIRFAX. 



* January 1646. £ s. d. 

I. To M' Louejoy for 548 dales pay as an 
Addition to his ^Waggon max/ers pay to his 

Exce/lency att 25. per diem ... 54 16. 00 

8. To 'Manteau Van Delen for 3 moneths pay for 

himself & men 147 00 00 

February 1646. 
To Brian Elton an Ensigne in '*Coll : Lilburnes 

Regt. who was maymed before ^Bristoll ... 05 00 00 
17. To the Clarkes for writing the Longe orders 

etc. att Northampton .. ®io 00 00 

March 1646. 
15. To Quaxtermaster Generall Grosvenor for 171 

daies pay for himself & one Clarke etc. ... 78 07 06 
25. To M"^ Lawrence Collins for the use of M'^is 
Hooper wife to 'Capt" Hooper for 120 daies 
pay for himself from the 22'*^ of May to the 

i9**» of Sept. 1646 120 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

1 January, 1647, according to the new style, adopted in England in 1752: 
hitherto the year had begun on March 25th. 

a A Wa^on -master's ordinary pay was in 1639, 6s. Sd. a day. Grose, I, p. 278. 

' Engineer-general. The English were behindhand in the use of Field 
Artillery. Eortescue (History of the British Army, I, p. 219) points out the 
significance of the fact that the officers in the Engineers have foreign names. 

* Robert Lilbume, colonel of a foot regiment in the New Model. One of the 
leaders in the opposition of the army to the Parliament, on the attempt of the 
House of Commons to disband the army in March, 1647, he promoted the petition 
of the officers al)out the terms of service in Ireland, and indemnity for past 
service. Lilbume did his best to prevent his regiment from volunteering for 
Ireland, and was summoned before the House of Commons to answer for his 
conduct. Fairfax, in 1647, made him Governor of Newcastle. 

* Bristol was invested by Fairfax on Aug. 23rd, 1645, and surrendered on 
Sept. nth, 1645. 

* The £\o is, unlike all the other sums on the page, not ticked, and the sum 
total on the first page is j^"!© more than the sum put down on the outside page of 
the accounts. 

^ Engineer- extraordinary. 



I40 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

Aprill 1647. j£ s. d, 

[To M"" Mosse for extra service ... ... ... 12 00 00] 

May 1647. 
8. To M"^ Standish towards his Arreares in the life 

Guard 50 00 00 

5. To M*" Woolsey Assiss* to the Quarterni<i5/er 

Generall for service before the ^Establishem^wt 11 15 00 
[To M'^ Rush worth Secretary wA/ch hee disbursed 

upon severall occasions 99 06 00] 

To M' Partridge for the losses hee sustayn'd by 

'Anglia Rediviva 150 00 00 

June 1647. 
2. To 'M'^ Rushworth for M*" Deeble of Plymouth 
for Mony hee laid out to prisoners 
To Cornett Bunting for Recruite Horses &c 

14. To Coll. Overton for Contingenties for *Hull ... 

15. To Capt" Ireton & Capt" Berry for special 

seruice 100 00 00 

21. To M"" Cowley of S. Albans to bee disposed of 
to those that had damage by the Horse- 
guards 30 00 00 

26. To Capt" Creede for 41 soldiers out of Warwick- 
shire 

29. To 'Coll: Robert Lilburne for special seruice .. 
To M*- Butler Chap/a;« to Sir Kairdms Waller 

for speaa/ seruice 

To M*" Smallwood for special seruice ... 
25. To M' Brett for extra service ... 

Ex E. Grosvener. 



18 


18 


00 


63 


n 


00 


300 


00 


00 



41 


00 


00 


60 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 



1 Establishment of the *'New Model," Feb. 15th, 1645 (?). 

^ Anglia Rediviva^ a history of the army under Sir T. Fairfax, during 1645 and 
1646, published 1647. "Compiled for the public good" by Joshua Sprigg, 
Fairfax s Chaplain. Walker {History of Independency) says not Sprigg, but Col. 
Fiennes was the author. 

' Appointed Secretary to the General, Fairfax and to the Council of War, on 
the establishment of the New Model, and was with Fairfax on his campaigns. 
He owes his fame to his eight volumes of Historical Collection of private passages 
in State^ weighty matters in LaWy and remarkable proceedings in Parliament^ 
covering the period from 1608 to 1680. 

* Hull was in the hands of the Parliamentary troops from the outbreak of the 
war, and in 1643 and 1644 successfully resisted long Royalist sieges. 

^ Colonel of a Foot Regiment. 



£ 


S, 


d. 


20 


OO 


oo] 


OO 


OO 


OO 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. I4I 

July 1647. 
9. [To Mr. ? for Mr. Moss 

10. To 'Cornett Joyce for extra charges 

11. To John Smyth & W«» Smyth Troopers for 

themselves and 14 more for charges in 
seizing powder going to London from 

Northampton 010 00 00 

To three Waggoners for carriage of the powder 020 16 00 

12. To Mr Sillesby for 144 Barrelles of powder in 

part 100 00 00 

To *Leiuet' Coll. Henry Lilburne for posthire 

& other extra Charges into the North ... 40 00 00 

13. To Francis Allen for mony of his seizd at 

Newbery & ordered by the House to be 
restored unto him 

14. Allowed to myself by warrant 

To Mr. Mabbott for extra service 

To Mr. Eyton for postage into Wales 

To Mr. Stocall for himself & 2 other Jerseymen 

19. To Comett Heathcott for the Troopers that 

brought upp Maj. Gen. Groine 30 00 00 

To Mr. Robt Wilkinson for Charges into the 

North 

21. To Capt" Rolfe for extra Charges upon Account 
2$. To Capt" Lawrence for Horses for 10 men ... 

To Mr. Margetts for extra service 

27. To ^ColL Lambert for Charges into the North .. 
To Mr. Cooke the Lawyer for extra service ... 

* The ;£'ioo paid to Cornet Joyce for extra charges was possibly connected 
with his mission to Holmby House, Oxfordshire, and his removal of the King 
thence on June 4th, 1647. Joyce went to Holmby House at the head of a large 
body of horse (about 500), under Cromwell's command, but it is doubtful whether 
his orders were only ** to secure the King, or also to carry him off if necessary." 
Fairfax was displeased at the seizure of the King and demanded who gave the 
orders. Gardin^r^ IH, p. 86. If this payment has any connection with the mission, 
it b strange that it should have been made through Fairfax's Quartermaster-general. 

'Henry Lilburne was Lt.-Col. in his brother Robert Lilbume*s regiment. 

' Colonel of a foot r^ment in the New Model, and a leader in the dispute 
t^tween the army and Parliament in 1647. The entry in the accounts evidently 
refers to the despatch of Lambert to the north, in July, 1647, to take over the 
conunand of the northern forces as major-general. 



21 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


20 


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00 


10 


00 


00 


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00 


00 



13 


00 


00 


100 


00 


00 


070 


00 


00 


010 


00 


00 


150 


00 


00 


015 


00 


00 



142 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ s. d. 
28. To Capt° Neale for provisions for the fort att 

^Tilbury ... .. ... 100 00 00 

19. To Mr. Norbery the I>awyer for extr^ service... 030 00 00 

Ex E. Grosvener. 

August 1647. 
2. To '^Scoutmaster Generall Watson to buy Horses 060 00 00 
To the Governor of Windsor to be disposed 

amongst his officers & Soldeyers ... ... 255 00 00 

To Joseph Allen for the loss of an Horse & 

other expenses ... ... ... ... 10 00 00 

7. To ^Mr. Heath for ^L' Col. Jo" Lilburne ... 10 00 00 

12. To "Adjutant Generall Evelin for the use of the 

Garrison of Wallingford 150 00 00 

To Lt. Coll. Henry Lilburne for extra charges 

into the North 056 00 00 

13. To Major Abbot for charge in removing the 

Magazeene from Leicester ... ... ... 20 00 00 

18. To Capt. John Clarke & Capt" Eyton for sevrall 

Messengers into the West & North Wales 050 00 00 

19. To Capt" Gardiner for a gratuity to his soldiers 71 15 00 
23. To L' Chillenden for extra charges and loss by 

Horses... ... ... ... ... ... 60 00 00 

To Mr. Cambell who lost his horses neare 

Depiford 10 00 00 

26. To Mr. Harris the printer for pr^clamac/ons & 

declarac/bns ... ... ... ... ... 12 00 00 

30. To L* Chillenden for M"^ Coes printing press 078 17 00 

31. To Capt" Young for his charges severall times 

into Cornewall ... ... ... ... 20 00 00 



1 On July 30, 1647, during the struggle between the Presbyterians and the 
army, some of Fairfax's regiments seized on Tilbury fort. 

2 Major Watson, Scoutmaster-general to the army. 

3 Official Messenger to the army. 

^ An important political agitator and champion of individual liberty. In 1644 
he was made Lt -Colonel in the army of the Eastern Association, but left the 
army in 1645, as he could not join the New Model without taking the Covenant. 
Lilburne henceforth devoted himself to the redress of grievances, public and 
private, and became the leader of the Levellers, a lx>dy of zealous reformers. He 
was the author of numerous revolutionary pamphlets and of many attacks upon 
Parliament and leaders of the army. In August, 1647, Lilburne was in prison for 
his refusal to acknowledge the jurisdiction of the Lords. The receipt of ;f 10 from 
Fairfax's Quartermaster-general is strange, for although Lilburne had pctitioDcd 
the Commons for the payment of his arrears, he failed to get them. 

^ Captain Evelyn, Adjuiant-general of Horse. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 43 

£ s. d. 
24. To Mr. Whittington for books sent to the Army 12 04 00 
To Capt" Laming for the seamen who overt ooke 

the ^6 members neere Calice ... ... 40 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
September 1647. 
18. To VV*" Spence yeoman of the guard for fire & 

Candles for the Tower ... ... ... 30 00 00 

3. To Mr. Kingdome Mr. Hodgeson & Mr. Diggles 

for postage into the North ... ... ... 30 00 00 

17. To 'W™ Burlton for Mr. Goldsmith which was 
charged by Bill of Exchange fro Coll. 
Lambert which he laid out for contingenties 
in the North .. ... ... ... ... 100 00 00 

To L* Chillenden for pro/<7salls & declaracons 

printed att Cambridge 19 16 00 

17. To Lt. Coll. Beecher for extra charges out of 

Ireltf«d ... ... ... ... ... 20 00 00 

To Mr. Paxton for pay etc. ... ... ... 40 07 07 

To 'L' Chillenden & Mr. Sexby for extr^ service 

into Kent 16 00 00 

October 1647. 
I. To Capt" Vernon for journeys & extra charges 

into the West 60 00 00 

* Six of the famous eleven members accused by the army on June i6th, 1647, 
of trying to overthrow the liberties of the subjects, eic. The Commons refused to 
suspend them, but they withdrew, June 26th. On Aug. 14th the Agitators 
demanded their expulsion from the House, and two days later six of them fled 
the country, five of whom were overtaken by a frigate near Calais. Gardiner^ III, 
p. 181. Rush worth (Collections y VHI, p. 785), writing on Aug. 21st, 1647, gives the 
foUowing account of the episode: — **This day we had certain intelligence of the 
apprehending Six of the Eleven Members, as they were going beyond Sea, being 
taken within Six Miles of Callis." They set sail at * Margarets' in Kent, the 
pursuers inquired **of the Fishermen what their Carriage was, they replied, the 
Gentlemen that went aboard were in very great haste. One Fisherman saying to 
them, I do not think but these are some Parliament -men flying. Whereupon one 
Captain Hennet drew his Sword at him, but the Fisherman being nimble of his 
Heels escaped. The Town understanding by the Messenger what they were, very 
readily, at the beat of a drum, repaired to their Colours, and Forty of them, under 
the Command of Captain Lamming, a Valiant Seaman, put to Sea in a Small 
Vessel, and within Six Miles of Callis overtook them, who seeing themselves 
pursued, made hard to Windward to escape, but could not." They were brought 
before Vice-Admiral Batten at Deal, and by him set at liberty. Rushworth con- 
tinues that "the Seamen who apprehended them" were "found threatned and 
sufficiently reviled against by Parson Major Kera." 

^ See note, page 141. 

* Added later ; very cramped ; and total on first page is ;f 16 too little. 



£ 


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132 


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00 


00 


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00 


00 


020 


00 


00 


040 


00 


00 



144 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS 

3. To Mr. Richardson for the Garrison of Hull . 

4. To Mr. Spavan for extra service by comand . 

6. To L* Coll. Rede for the sold/'ers in the Garrison 

of Poole 040 00 00 

4. To Mr. Vamey Bourchier of the life Guard for 

extra service 

13. To Mr. Wragg & myself for extra services 

16. To L^ Larke for the use of the Garrisons of 

Exetter & Exmouth 

9. To Mr. W«» Hobson for a gratuity 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

October 1647. 
To Mr. Richardson for the sold/ers of the 

Garrison of Hull 

To Mr. Pitson for extra service in the North... 

To Coll. Lilbume for Conting^«/;>j att Newcastle 

15. To Mr. Broad the printer for printing sevrall 

declaraabns of the Army att York 10 13 00 

To Mr. Moss for extra service & charges in the 

North 20 00 00 

II. To Capt" Roper for the use of the Annie 

^[Agitators] 50 00 00 

22. To Capt" Blethen w>^/ch hee laid out to severall 

officers that went into Wales ... ... 20 00 00 

7. To L' Coll. Kelsay for discharging the sold/ers 

Quarters in Oxford 50 00 00 

26. To ^Mr. Cadwell & Mr. Heath for a Moneths 

gratuity as Messengers 08 08 00 

8. To Anthony West D Coll: Gee & W'" Mason 05 10 00 
30. To Mr. Gillott for 62 daies attending the officers 

att 6^ 8** per diem 20 13 04 

* Agitators or Agents was the name given to representatives of the army, 
appointed first in April, 1647, by eight cavalry regiments, to secure the redress of 
their grievances, and prevent the disbanding of the army by Parliament. It is 
curious to notice that whenever the word ** Agitator" occurs in the text, it has 
been crossed out, and often some other word substituted. Earlier in the year 1647 
this might have been explained by the fact that both Cromwell and Fairfax 
hesitated between their sympathy with the grievances of the soldiers and their 
reverence for Parliamentary authority. But their objection to military resistance 
to Parliament disappeared when in Tune, 1647, they found that the Commons 
meant to use force to obtain their ends. Gardiner^ III, p. 59, seq. 

2 Official Messengers to the Army. 



1 



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Size of original, 7 J in. by ii| in. 
Thoresby Society's Miscellama^ Vol. xi, Part ii, p. 161. 

For erasure of "Agitator," September 16, see note p. 144. 



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05 


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46 


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TO 


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00 


05 


00 


00 


296 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. I45 

November 1647. £ ^' ^' 

11. To Mr. Hatter for pay fro July 10 att 5* per 

diem 14 00 00 

4. To Margarett Roberts & Jane Smith for extra 

service in the Army 

9. To Cornett Joyce for extra service 

To Mr. Yerburgh for postage to Boston & backe 
8. To Mr. Kingdome & the Northern Agents 
10. To Mr. Brett for Mr. Beale & Mr. Creme 

Trumpetters for their extra Service 

To W*" Johnson for extra service 

To severall Agents [Agitators] for extra expences 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

November 1647. 

6. To Mr. Hatter for extra service .. 

19. To Capt° Wilkinson for postage to Yorke 

12. To Capt" Sam: Jervice for extra service in 

Ireland 

23. To L' Scotten for severall expences & journeys 

To Mr. W™ Harrison for the like 

To Lt. Chillenden for a journey into Kent 

26. To ^Major Tulidah for his arreares 

To Mr. Alexander Richardson Mr. Rich. Lloyd 

& Ann Edwards each of them 10 pounds 

for extra service 30 00 00 

27. To Mr. Lovejoy for pay from the 30*** of Sep- 

tember 1646 to the 27'*» of November 1647 
at 2* per diem 

26. To L* Coll : Shanbrooke for a monethes pay for 

the Companies in the Tower 

To Capt** Jones for service 

27. To Coll: Whitchcott for the soldiers in Windsor 

upon Acco««t 150 00 00 

29. To Major Henery Markham for monies laid out 

for the garrison of Belvoyer 100 00 00 

* Major Tulidah was sent to prison by the House in March, 1647, for his 
sympathy with a petition presented by the followers of John Lilburne. 

" Sum not ticked. 



10 


00 


00 


10 


03 


00 


10 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 


02 


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00 


10 


00 


00 


19 


12 


00 



'42 


02 


00 


798 


09 


04 


006 


00 


00 



146 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ 5. d. 

30. To Mr. Mabbott for the Clarke of both Houses 010 00 00 
To Mr. Smythes for hay eaten by the Troopers 

horses att the Guards att ^Hampton Cort ... 25 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

December 1647. 

2. To Lt. Chillenden for ^\\xa expences 

3. To Mr. Walford for extr^z service 

To Mr. Benhill for the like 

To Mr. Pennyfather for Charges to Coll. Horton's 

Regimt. 

2. To Mr. Knight for exlr^ service 
To L' Wilkinson for a monethes pay hee lost 

3. To Mr. Sharp for extr^ service 

To Mr. Jo" Brett for the like 

To Mr. Tho: Wragg for the like 

To Mr. Hatter for the like 

To myself for the like 

20. To Capt" Blackwell w^/ch he laid out for 

Horses at the Devizes 

To Mr. Allen to buy him an Horse ... 

To L' Fox for extra service 

To Capt" Blackwell for the like 

To Mr. Spavan which hee disbursed 

16. To Mr. Partridge w/4/ch hee laid out for Books 

for the Generall 010 19 00 

18. To Capt" Tomlins for provisions for ^arisbrooke 

Castle 300 00 00 

4. To Mr. Hatter for life Guard pay 007 00 00 

28. To 5 Sold/ers of Coll : Lilburnes regt. 2 Troops 

& Mr. Staresmore who carried l^/Zres to 

Coll: Horton ^04 05 00 

To Quartermaster Generall Grosvenor for his 

daily pay 210 00 00 

Ex. Grosvener. 



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00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


02 


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00 


05 


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00 


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00 


200 


00 


00 


GIG 


00 


00 



^ Charles was a prisoner at Hampton Court from Aug. 24th, 1647, till he 
escaped on Nov. nth in the same year. 

^ Charles fled from Hampton Court to the Isle of Wight in Nov., 1647, and 
was detained there as more or less a prisoner till Dec. 1st, 1648. 

3 Sum not ticked. 



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Size of original, ^\ in. by li| in. 
Thoresby Society's Miscellanea, Vol. xi, Part ii, p. 147. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 47 

Dec. 1647. jQ s. d, 

24. To Capt" Bland for extra service 05 00 00 

28. To Major Abbott for Charges in going post to 

the Isle of Wight lo oo oo 

17. To Mr. Henry Collingwood 30" to Mr. W"» 
Hobson 20^ to English Tirrell 26^ 6^ ob. & 
to Mr. Rushworth for sevrall disbursements 

;^8 ... 

31. To Major Generall Lambert for Contingencies 

in the North 

To Mr. Cad well for severall disbursements 
To Mr. Rushworth for severall disbursements ... 
To Mr. Wealey etc. for spetiall service... 
To Lt. Coll. Shambrooke for the Tower 
[To the Agitators towards their charges at Putney 096 00 
Ex. E. Grosvener. 

According to your Exce/Zencies order of the 24*^* of June wee 
have paused this Account, and Mr. Clarke hath produced before us 
the severall warrants under your Exce/Zencies hand for the Respective 
somes heerin specified and the Receipts theruppon wA/ch wee 
submitt unto your Excellency for ap[)robacon & Allowance therof. 

E. Grosvener. 

*Jo. Barkstead. 

Jo. Rushworth. 



II 


16 060b. 


400 


00 00 


45 


10 00 


100 


00 00 


005 


00 00 


200 


00 00 


096 


00 00] 



An Account for monyes laid out for Contingencyes from 
Dec. 28 to Feb. i, 1646. 

24. To Richard Hare for the use of the prisoners 

in Northampton (loale ... ... ... 00 10 00 

To Mr. Brett the Trumpeter for summoning 

Ragland & severall other Messages ... 05 13 00 

29. To *Capt. Wykes for severall particulars as by 

his Bill 07 14 06 

30. To Beniamin Ridley for severall journeys as by 

his bill... ... ... ... ... ... 01 10 00 

To Mr. Tarrant for severall Messages by his 

man as by bill ... ... ... ... 02 01 00 

^ Governor of the Tower. 
^ Marshall -general of fool. 



148 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

January 1646. £^ s. d. 

2. To Jacob Hanaky for goeing severall Joumyes 03 04 00 
More to him for the 6 waggon horses at 4*^ ye 

night for 14 nights from Dec. 28 01 08 00 

7. To *Capt : Lawrence Marshall Generall for 
charges in apprhending ''Col. Graves men in 
Lincolnshire & severall Journeys about it . . . 11 06 06 
12. To Mr. Tarrant for Journeys of his man as by bill 03 15 00 
16. To Beniamin Ridley for the 6 waggon horses at 
4*^ a night — 14 nights from Jan. 2 and 2" 
& 6«^ for a bushell & a peck of oates ... 01 10 06 

Jo. Barkstead. 
E. Grosvener. 

Given by his Exc^//i?«cies Command to one for 

shewing the workes at North^w/ton ... 00 02 00 

Jan. 20. To a Messenger that roade post from 

Stamford to North^fl/«^ton with an extra 

packett from Yorke to his Exc^//<f«cie... 00 10 00 

Jan. 21. For writing of 14 of the large orders for 

paym^wt of Quarters sent to severall 

reg" and Co»»»»/ttees [?] 01 08 00 

23. To Mary Dunham a poore woman whoe had 

her grounds overflowed in Lincolnshire ... 00 02 06 
To Mr. John Rushworth for his extra charges 

in goeing to Yorke Newcastle etc 30 00 00 

To W"* Milles a souldyer in 'Maior Genrall 

Skippons regt to carry him to his colors ... 00 10 00 

26. To a Messenger that went to Stamford for the 

Yorke l<f//res by the post 00 09 00 

27. To Andrew Allen a souldyer in Col Herbert's 

reg' left sick behind his colors 00 05 00 

To Mary Popeley whoe was plundred in Ireland 

and her children slaine by the Rebells ... 01 00 00 

1 Marshall-general of Horse. 

^ An adherent of the Presbyterians, and in command at Holmby House, where 
in Dec, 1646, the Commons voted that Charles should be sent. 

3 Major-general of the New Model and chief adviser of Fairfax. In Dec, 1646, 
Skippon was made Governor of Newcastle, and in April, 1647, he was appointed 
to command the intended expedition to Ireland. He tried to mediate in the 
struggle between Parliament and the army. 



oo 


17 


00 


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02 


06 


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02 


06 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 49 

£ S. d, 

30. To John Wolstone Constable for buriall of one 

of Col. Herbert's [reg*] souldyers oo 07 06 

20. To Mr. Mosse for extra service 28 00 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

Feb. 1646. 

Feb. 3. To severall guides for his Ex^e/Iende from 
North//a/«/ton three severall daies march 

for ^Pyoneers 

II. for Anne Wallis a poore widdow of Nottingham 

TO. To Mr. Millard for charges for ^Maior Genrall 

Masseyes horse that were bought at the 

Devizes as by his Bill 01 02 04 

To Beniamin Barnes one of Marsha// Genrall 
Lawrence his men for extra charges in 
Sussex Essex Kent etc 01 00 00 

16. To Blisse a Troop in Maior Genrall Shippon's 

troope whoe had his horse taken from him 
by Mr. Norton a Receiver of the King's 

Revenue in Nottinghamshire 

18. To Mr. Bret the Trumpeter for goeing from 

Northampton to Yeelding in Bedfordshire... 00 13 00 
To Anne Strange a poore woman in Sutton 
Bonnyngton whoe had her horse taken from 
her by one Spence in Capt Bethells troope 00 10 00 

17. To the widdow Alsupp by the Generalls 

commaifd 00 02 06 

To 2 souldyers maimed in the 'Earle of Man- 

chesters army 00 05 00 

* The Pioneers marched before or with the army with spades, etc. , to clear the 
way or dig entrenchments. Fortescue {History of the British Army^ I, p. 219) says 
they were in the seventeenth century the scum of the army, and degradation to be 
an abject pioneer was the regular punishment for hardened offenders. 

* In the early part of the Civil War, Massey played an important part in the 
campaign in the West. In Oct., 1646, his troops were disbanded by order of the 
House. He was a staunch Presbyterian and one of the leaders of the city against 
the army. In June, 1647, he was impeached for designing to raise a new civil 
war, and fled to Holland. In 1649 he took service under the king. 

* Given the command of the army of the Eastern Association by Parliament in 
1643. He did useful service early in the war, but soon became fatally lethargic 
and half-hearted in its prosecution. Cromwell accused him before the House of 
neglect and incompetence, and in April, 1645, ^1^^ ^^y hefore the passing of the 
Self Denying Ordinance (forbidding members of either House to serve in the 
army), he resigned his commission. 



150 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



£ 



To Mr. Sharpe for t\Xra service in the Army 

by the Generalls spec/a/ Comniand ... 50 00 00 

To Mr. Richardson for goeing from Leicester to 
Yorke with leUres to the lord Fairfax after 
'Xaseby & soe to London and thence to 

Bridgewater 370 miles ... 13 06 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

20. To Mary Tullye Maior Tullyes wife whose 

husband was slaine in Ireland 00 10 00 

25. To Mr. Margaretts wAtch he disburst in pen 

Inke & paper for the Counsell of Warre ... 01 00 00 
To the Postm^j/er of Stamford for the lost 
packet of W/res to Northaw/ton ... 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

March 1646. 
8. To a guide from Huntington to Cambridge ... 00 05 00 
For Paper upon the march ... ... ... 00 01 00 

II. To Mr. Curteis the Messenger for severall 

Messages as by his hill ... .. ... 37 17 00 

To Edward Wattes the Messenger for severall 

Journeys as by bill 23 17 06 

To Mr. Tarrant the Messenger for severall 

Journeys [Messages] as by bill 29 08 00 

15. To Anne Roberts a woman whose husband was 

slaine in Ireland 

17. To Capt. Evans by his Exce//enc\es Command 

Given at Cambridge by his Exce/Zencies Command 

19. To David Arther one of the Marshall Generalls 

men for his extra charges in goeing downe 

to Newcastle ... ... ... ... ... 02 00 00 

5. To a guide for the General I from Nottingham 

to Melton Mowbray ... 
To one from Malton to Stamfort 

6. To one from Stamfort to Huntington ... 
To one from Cambridge to Walden 

19. To Mr. Cadwell the Messenger for severall 
Journeys and his daily pay from the first of 
Jan. to the 25 March as by bill 64 13 06 



00 


2 [?] 60 


02 


10 00 


20 


00 00 



00 


06 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


07 


06 


00 


07 


06 



1 Battle of Na>cl)y, June I4ih, 1645. 







151 


£ 


S, 


d. 


02 


00 


00 


02 


ID 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

12. To Sir Thom. Wythringtons 2 Clarices for extr^ 

service 

1. To a Messenger with an extra packett from 
London to Nottingham 100 miles ... 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

March 1646. 
9. To a Messenger from London to Walden 

36 miles 00 18 00 

22. To Capt. Lawrence Marshall General for fire 
and other things for the Court Marshall at 

Grantham 00 12 00 

To Rich. Joanes one of the Marshalls men that 

went to ^Newcastle 02 00 00 

To Mr. Heath the Messenger for journeys and 

dayly pay as by bill 40 ^^ 06 

To John Horseman one of the Marshalls men 

that went to Newcastle 02 00 00 

To W"» Gunner one of the Marshalls men that 

went to Newcastle ... ... ... ... 02 00 00 

1647. 

27. To Jeremy Weston one of the Marshalls men 

that went to Newcastle for his extr« charges 02 00 00 

28. To a Souldyer that came out of Holland to seek 

employm^«t for Ireland ... ... ... 00 10 00 

29. To John Este one of the Marshalls men whoe 

went to Newcastle ... ... ... ... 02 00 00 

To Capt. Scroope Engineere to carry him to 

London 00 05 00 

To Mr. Sharpe the Steward for severall contin- 
gencies as by bill 31 00 00 

31. To Cornet Tyringham by his Exc^//^//cies 

Command ... ... 05 00 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

Aprill 1647. 

5. To M" Audley Capt. Audleys wid^7^/ 02 00 00 

7. To W°» Bell a Troop in Col. Butlers reg^ whose 

horse fell lame to carry him to the reg' ... 00 10 00 

* Newcastle was then in the possession of the Scotch. 



OS 


15 


00 


03 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


02 


10 


00 


00 


10 


00 



152 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ s. d. 

12. To 2 poore souldy**^ wifes 00 05 00 

To a Messenger that was sent with W/res from 

the Speaker 01 17 00 

13. To Capt Wykes for severall disbursem^/its as by 

bill 

15. To Capt. West by the Generalls orders 

To 'Lt. Col. Pryde for carriage of monie to 
Reading and other things laid out by him 
17. To Mr. Foxcroft for extra service by order ... 

To Jeremiah Bower by the same 

To Capt Gladman w^/ch he laid out for Capt. 

Pattyson slaine by the *Clubmen 05 00 00 

To Mr. Somervile CoL Hamonds Chyrurg^^w for 

medicaments for wounded souldyers ... 02 16 03 

21. To Mr. Tarrant for severall journeys made by 

his man 

To a poore scholler 

26. [To Mr. Jenkin for extra service 

27. To Mr. Sam : Jones for spec/a/ service 
To a poore souldyers wido7<' by command 
Paper severall tymes before the waggon came 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

To a guide from Walsden to Hoddesden ... 00 10 00 
To 'Ensigne NichoUs whoe was imprisoned by 

Capt Dormer 02 00 00 



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1 Lieut -Col. of a foot regiment in the New Model. A champion of the right 
of the soldiers to petition for the redress of their grievances. In Dec, 1648, 
Pryde, under Fairfax s orders, arrested over forty members of the House and forcibly 
prevented the entry of ninety others, to frustrate the intended agreement with the 
King. This episode became known as "Pryde's Purge.*' 

* The Clubmen were an organized body of the countrymen of Wiltshire, 
Dorsetshire and Someisetshire, whose object was the protection of life and property. 
The movement was set on foot early in 1645, and the name was derived from the 
ai)pearance of the countrymen without pikes or urearms at the county musters. 
The Clubmen, though at first only desirous of peace and security, were soon won 
over to the Royalist cause, "not sparing to declare themselves absolute neuters 
(or rather friends to the enemy) " says Sprigg. They were easily dispersed by the 
Parliamenlary forces. ** Many of them," wrote Cromwell to Fairfax, "are f>oor silly 
creatures, whom if you please 10 let me send home, they promise to be very dutiful 
for time to come, and will be hanged before they come out again." Fairfax 
Correspotidence^ I, p. 245. Gardiner^ II, c. xxxii. 

* Ensign NichoUs was imprisoned by the Parliamentary Commissioners sent in 
April, 1647, to Saffron Walden, to persuade the soldiers to volunteer for Ireland. 
On April 2ist, NichoUs was caught circulating the soldiers' petition for indemnity, 
payment of arrears, etc., he was taken prisoner and brought by the Commissioners 
on April 27th before the Commons, who committed him to prison. 



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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 53 

29. To Mary Rawlins a poore woman whose 

husband was hangd for a spye at Lamport 02 00 00 

30. To Mr. Atkinson Col : Lamberts Chyrurg^^// for 

medicaments bought in Cornewall ... 02 05 00 

To Hen: Baynard whoe was wounded in the 

service ... ... ... ... ... ... 02 00 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

May 1647. 
T. To Capt. Thomas for monyes laid out for the 
workes before BristoU the ^Devizes & 

Crediton 

To a Clarke for helping to write extra 
3. To Mr. Bret for 3 Trumpeters and 3 Marshalls 
men publishing the Generalls Frodaman'on 

5. To a poore souldyer 

25. To a guide from Walden to Bury 

28. To Mr. Tarrant for severall Journeys from 

March 12 as by bill 23 06 00 

To Edw. Watts for severall Journyes from 

March the 12 as by bill 27 10 00 

29. To Mr. Rushworth for severall things laid out 

by him as by noate 

30. To «Capt L^ Hughes 

To Mr. Foxcroft for extra service 

To one of Col. Lamberts souldyers a prisoner 

that put out the^^C" eie 

[To Mr. Gerard of the life guard 

To Capt Scot of the life guard 

To L' Balthazer or Ballarde 

To a poore woman 

To the *K« Trumpeters 

1 Devizes surrendered to Cromwell in September, 1645, after a very slight 
resistance. 

^ Formerly in Great Britain an officer with the rank of a captain, and the ^pay 
of a lieutenant, in command of a troop. The commander of the first company of 
a regiment of infantry was a captain-heutenant. Century Dictionary, 

■'«Coloners(?). 

* King's (?). 



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154 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Thorn. Beeston 

To a man that came out of Turky 

To Ben: for the Waggon horses 

15. To Mr. Richard Bourchier 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead 

May 1647. 

15. To a poore Argeere prisoner ... ... ... 01 10 00 

To one Jay a maymed souldyer 00 05 00 

To Mr. Hobson by comand ... 05 00 00 

To Cromwell west 02 00 00 

June 1647. 
3. To Mr. Curteis for severall Joumyes from the 

12 of March as by bill 32 13 00 

To a sick souldyer 00 02 00 

6. To one Roger Sadler a countryman whoe had 

his horst prest away by a troop 00 02 06 

7. To a poore woman that lost her poultry by the 

souldyers at a Randevouz 00 05 00 

8. To Mary Smith whoe lost her estate in Ireland 

her husband & children 01 00 00 

To W™ Grooves towards 3 hogsheads of beare 
and other goods brought to a Randevouz 
and taken by the souldyers 01 10 00 

10. To Rob. Wilkinson [an Agitator] whoe went into 

the North ... 03 00 00 

To Corp^rall W™ Young [Agitator] whoe went 

to London 01 10 00 

To Mr. Cadwell the Messenger for severall 

Journyes & daily pay as by bill 65 10 00 

11. To Mr. Allen [Agitator] for charges 09 00 00 

To Lancelot Burt for service about the Generalls 

house ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 05 00 

To George Brooke & John Warren 2 Dragoones 
in Capt. Woogans Troope who broughet the 

peticon 01 00 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 155 

13. To Mr. Pitson w^/ch he had laid out about 

the powder Milles 05 00 00 

For extra charges about writing the large 

Declaracon 00 18 00 

To a messenger with k//res from Royston ... 03 00 00 
To 2 Troops whoe tooke the [?] the 

scotch lettres 

17. To L' Chillingden for printing the Engagements 

at Cambridge 

To Mr. Sexby for a Message to Hereford 
To the Canoneers & guardes at the ^Trayne ... 
To 2 souldyers by the Generalls command ... 
To Richard Rudd that lost his eyes at ^Maston 

Moore 

for 4 skins of parchment 

To 4 poore women 

19. To Mr. Curteis for journeys as by his bill 

21. More for parchm^/it ... 

To Mr. Potter whoe brought a k//re from the 

house ... . ... 01 00 00 

To Capt. Cobbett for post horses to London 

[for the 2 lawyers] 

For extra charges in writing the remonstrance 

To a poore woman 

25. To 3 Troops who came with le//res from Royston 

To a guide from Barkham Roads 

To Weston a messenger from •Col. Whaiey 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 



* The Artillery with transport was called the Train. It consisted of 2 foments 
of infiantry and 2 companies of firelocks. Ordinary waggons, driven often by 
London hackney coachmen, were hired to haul the guns. 

' Battle of Marston Moor, July 2nd, 1644. 

^ L4eut. -Colonel in the New Model. A leader in the opposition to the 
attempted disbandment in April, 1647. After the removal of Charles from 
Holml^ House, Whalley was sent to guard the King, and on June 20th, 1647, 
was sent to attend him to Richmond. When the King fled from Hampton Court, 
Nov. nth, 1647, he left behind him a letter thanking Whalley for his civility. 
Ruskworthy VII, p. 795. 



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156 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

June 1647. 

To Col. Lambert and 'Col Hamond for post 

charges to New Market 

27. To Mr. Selby for spec/a/ service 

To one from Mr. Norton w/th intelligence 

To one Spencer a maymed souldyer of Col. 

Stroudes reg' ... .. 

To Mr. Richardson towards postage 

For parchment more 

29. To Mr. Tarrant for sevrall joumyes as by bill 
To Mr. Richard Kingdome [Agitator] for monyes 

laid out by him 

To Capt Waterhouse by spec/a/ Command ... 
To the hoste of the Crowne Inne in Uxbridge 

for the use of his house 05 00 00 

To 3 poore Country people whoe were opprest 

by souldyers 00 15 00 

To Ben : Wynch of Colebrooke towards the 

losse of his grasse by the horseguards ... 01 00 00 
To a poore man ... 00 05 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

July 1647. 

3. To Mr. Heath for divers Joumyes and dayly 
pay as by bill 

To Edw. Alley for his grounds etc 

To a guide from Wickam to Reading 

To L' Chillingden for divers bookes printing at 

Cambridge & charges about the same ... 28 12 06 

To Mr. Allen [the Agitator] for extra [service] 

charges for Messengers ... looooo 

* Colonel of a foot regiment in the New Model. Hammond upheld the 
claims of the army against the House in the strife of the spring of 1647, but 
seems to have soon doubted the right of the army to withstand Parliament by 
force, and resigned his commission. In Sept., 1647, Fairfax made him Governor of 
the Isle of Wight. In Nov., 1647, Charles fled from Hampton Court, and threw 
himself on the protection of Hammond, as one who had fought against him 
"without any animosity to his person." Charles found the distracted Hammond 
not a protector but a gaoler, and while in Nov., 1647, he wrote ** I am daily more 
and more satisfied with this governor," in the summer of 1648 he changed to 
** the devil cannot outgo him neither in malice nor cunning." In Nov., 1648, Fairfax 
sent for Hammond, and in his absence Charles was seized and taken to Hurst 
Castle. 



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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 57 

£ s. d. 
To a messenger Irom Henley with W/res about 

Chester ... ... ... ... ... oo 02 oo 

For goeing by water & other expenses about 

fetching [Mr. Nobury] etc 00 05 00 

To Mr. Hodgson the Chinirg^^w that came with 

the Declaracon of the Northeme forces ... 10 00 00 

12. To a Messenger from Barkam Road to Col. 

Whaley at Royston 01 06 00 

[Disbursed upon severall warr^^ts of his "Excellen- 
cies to be p^/d out of BristoU monyes when 

that fell shorte] 

To W°» Ingram a poore souldyer 00 10 00 

13. To Capt. Cadwell for postage to BristoU ... 05 00 00 
To Capt. Eyton for postage from St. Albans to 

London 01 10 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

To a Messenger from BristoU 00 10 00 

To one [of the Agitators] for goeing post to 

Bristol! 03 03 00 

14. for mending the brasse scrue[?] 00 02 06 

To Mr. Edw : Watts for severall Journyes as by 

bill ... ... ... ... ... ... 26 06 06 

19. To Capt Lawrence for handcuffes and other 

Irons prisoners 

To ^Col. Harrison for extra charges 

20. To a poore Yorkshire man 

21. To a poore woman & one Mathew Dyer 

22. To a guide from Reading to Alesberry 

23. To Mr. Spaven for contingent charges as by bill 
To a spec/a/ Messenger from Alesberry to Oxford 

24. To another Messenger 

To Mr. Symonds for 4 Meddalls [for Mr. 

Margarets Mr. Wragg Capt. Bradford & 

myselfe] 02 05 00 

To Mr. Hardward for printing the Fvoclamalt'on 

about impressing horses etc. 02 06 00 

* Fairfax gave Harrison the command of a re^ment of horse in June, 1647. 
He held extreme political views, and already in 1647 denounced Charles as a man 
of blood, and was later very zealous in bringing him to trial. 



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158 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ X. d. 

To Mr. Powell for monyes given by the Generalls 

Command to the souldyers at Wallingford 02 00 00 
27. To one Moore of Bedford whoe had 9 wounds 

by 2 Troops .. 01 00 00 

To a poore vn^dow whoe lost her husband in 

the service 00 10 00 

To Mr. Watts [whoe translate Ba ?s history] 01 00 00 

To Mr. Faulkland the Messenger for coming 

from London to Bedford about extr^ business 02 06 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

July 30. 

30. To Phillips the Messenger upon his goeing to 

London 

To 4 Capt: that came out of Ireland 

To a poore woman of Durham 

To a poore man for hay at the Hart Inne at 

Layton 

To a man that lost his hogge 

To a poore woman 

To a Messenger out of Essex from the ^Earle of 

Warwicke 
To one from the Governor ofH'ilbury 

August 1647. 

To Mr. Richardson Waggoner for horses etc ... 06 00 00 
To Richard Nimli [?] Robert Woodhand Paul 
Freeman Alice Freeman Margaret Fletcher 
5 poore people that came from Ireland ... 
To a guide from Wickham to Colebrooke 
For charges in writing the declaracon & Proposalls 
To Capt. Clarke for riding post from Reading 

to London about the charge .. ... 02 00 00 

^ The Earl of Warwick took a prominent part in the colonization of America, 
and in 1643 was made governor of all the islands and plantations subject to the 
Crown. He was a leader of the opposition to Charles I, and a friend of the 
Puritans. In 1642 he was made admiral of the fleet, but his command ended with 
the Self Denying Ordinance. On the revolt of part of the fleet in 1648, Warwick 
was made lord high admiral. 

^ On July 30th, 1647, some of Fairfax's regiments seized on Tilbury Fort, on 
their advance to Ixjndon to protect the true Parliament expelled by the violence 
of the mob. 



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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Mr. Allen & Lt. Chillingden for severall 

charges 

To a poore man 

To Capt Wilkinson upon his goeing into the 

North ... 
To Thom. Trap Chyrurg^« to the Trayne for 

his cheste 

More to 'Col. Fleetwood's Chyrurgeon 

To Thom. Symonds Chyrurgeon to Colonell 

Harrisons reg* 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

To W«> Cromwell Surgeon to the Generalls reg^ 
of foot 

To Edw : Atkinson Chyrug^^/i to Col. Lambert 

To Sam : Browne Chyrurg^^w to K)ol. Rainsborow 

To Thomas Jones Chyrurg^^w to 'Lt. Generall 
Cromwell 

Pap^r and Inke at severall tymes 

To a guide from Bedford to Wickham 

To Mr. Mathews whoe went Poste to Yorke ... 

To Col. Herberts Chyrurg^^« 

To Mr. Cleare Chyrurg^^^ to Col. Hortons regt. 

To Zachary Standard which should have bin 

given him at Exeter 02 00 00 

To M' [Bedford] Payne for a journey from 
Bedford to Newcastle and backe to Hamer- 
smith 

To Eliz. Askeene for severall services 

To M' John Dawbron Col. Okeys Chyrurge^w 

To M' Johnston one of the K's servants 

To Capt. Bulmer 

* Colonel of a regiment of horse, a "cluster of preaching officers and troopers." 
In the quarrel between Parliament and the army in the spring of 1647, Fleetwood 
was one of the officers appointed by the army to treat with the Parliamentary 
Commissioners. Fleetwood was in complete agreement with Cromwell both in 
opinions and policy, and was later raised by him to high office. 

* A leader of the Republican fraction of the Independents, and an advocate of 
manhood suffice. Rainsborow was active in i)romoting the Agreement of the 
People in Nov., 1647. In Jan., 1648, he was, in spite of great opposition, made 
vice-admiral, but was superseded in a few months by the ^u^l of Warwick. He 
was murdered in Oct., 1648. 

^Cromwell was made lieutenant-general of the New Model Army, in June, 
1645. 



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l6o SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ s. d. 
To M*" John Robbinson Chyrurgeon to ^Col. 

Overtons regiment for medacam^wts ... 03 00 00 

For bringing the box of pap^r etc. from London 

to Kingstone 00 03 00 

To M*" Curteis for M*" Allen [the Agitator] ... 01 05 00 

To M*" Harris the Printer for severall things ... 04 01 08 

To M"* Tarrant for Journeys as by his bill ... 44 10 06 
To one Redworth a poore Lancashire man 

wounded in service ... ... ... ... 00 10 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

To M"" Richardson more towards postage into 

the North 12 02 06 

To M*" Blacklock Chyrurgeon 03 00 00 

To a poore man that came out of Ireland ... 00 05 00 

To a poore woman that came out of Ireland.. 00 02 06 

To one Davis, a poore Almesman of Worcester 00 05 00 

To M"* Payne for goeing to London and backe 00 10 00 

To M"" Grove Col. Prydes Chyrurg^^« 03 00 00 

17. To M*" Fothergill and M*^ Crosse Chyrurg^^w 

of the Generalls and *Col. Tomlinsons 

regiment ... ... ... ... ... 06 00 00 

18. To [Paul Best] a prisoner in the Gatehouse ... 02 00 00 

19. To W°» Mason 00 05 00 

To M^ Cooke 00 10 00 

To M" Bucknell ... 00 10 00 

To Capt Scot 00 10 00 

Charges about the large remonstrance 00 05 00 

To a poore man in hide Parke .. 00 10 00 

21. To M*^ Payne for a Journey to London and backe 00 10 00 

To Anne Garre a poore woman 00 10 00 

To another poore woman 00 05 00 

To Mary Browne a poore widd^w 00 10 00 

To M'^ Morley Chyrurg^^« to Col. Hewson ... 03 00 00 
To M*" Blackmoore whoe suffered much by the 

enimy 01 00 00 

To M*" Childe that he laid out for Contingencies 04 13 06 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 



* Colonel of Dragoons, and one of the extreme parly in the army. 

^ Colonel of a regiment of horse. Custodian of the King during his trial. 







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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To M^ Pinckney a poore woman of Colchester 
To Anne Peaseley whoe had 4 or 5 children 

killed in Ireland 00 10 00 

To one Clarke whoe came with a peticon from 

the souldyers in Bristoll 

26. To 2 poore women 

For bringing parchm^;it by water 

To M' Broad Chyrurg^^w to Col. Ingoldsby 

regiment 03 00 00 

To M*^ Rowland Chyrurg^^w to Col. Barksteads 

regiment 03 00 00 

To M"" Richardson for severall things as by his 

bill 02 08 00 

To a Messenger to goe to Turnam greene and 

backe 

To a poore woman at Kingston 

21. To the watermen for goeing severall tymes to 

Tumeham Greene with papers 

To a Messenger w/th papers thence 

20. To M" Martin a poore widdow 

30. To a Messenger to and from Turnam Greene 

To John Craven a Yorkshire man 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

Sept. 1647. 
I. To the Marshall of Col. Barkstead's regiment 

for a paire of handchuffes 

To a Yorkeshire woman that went to Beverley 

To M' Tateham 

To Lannc. Burt for attendance at the Generalls 

quarters 00 10 00 

To a poore souldyer in the way from Kingston 

to Ware 00 02 06 

16. To Richard Pitt and John Fawke [Agitators] 

from Poole ... 01 00 00 

To Mary Holloway by Command 02 00 00 

To John Balsour and Elizabeth Alkene by 

Command ... ... ... ... ... 03 00 00 

To M' Richardson for severall Contingencies 

laid out as by Bill 04 14 00 

To W™ Mason the North Countryman .. ... 00 04 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 



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1 62 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



£ s. d. 



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Oct. 1647. 

4. To Edw. Watts for Journyes 

To M*" Tateham by Command 

To Monsieur Huray the Frenchman whoe pre- 
sented the Art of the goeing of of a peece 
To M' Waive whoe lost his estate in Ireland ... 
To the widd^TO/ Humerston and another widdow 
13. To M"" Cad well for severall Journyes and dayly 

pay 

To a poore souldyer for his releefe 

To Welthian Joanes by order 

15. To Eliz. Wynne 

To Mary Crossely 

To M*^ Heath for dayly pay and Journyes 
For goeing by water and sending severall 

Messengers 00 16 06 

To M' Butterfeild a sick troop whoe lost the 

Muster etc. 
7. To M' Heath which he laid out for pap^r .. 
To M"" Hatter for goeing by water and other 

things 
23. To L^ Col. Meysey a poore knight of Windsor 
To Thorn. Booth a maimed souldyer 
To Welthian Jones a widdow whose husband 

was slaine at ^Exeter 
To Eliz. Hepe of Devon whoe lost her husband 
To M' Bret for 3 Trumpeters and 3 Marshalls 

men proclayming the Generalls proclamacon 02 05 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

October 1647. 

25. To the widdow Parsons whose husband was 

slaine at Taunton 00 02 06 

30. To M" Allen L' Aliens wife whoe was slaine at 

Terrington 01 00 00 

[To M^ Gillet for 62 daies attending the 

Coww/Vtee for dispatches 26 13 06] 



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1 Exeter surrendered to Fairfax in April, 1646. 

^ Taunton was besieged three times during the first Civil War. The third 
siege was raised in June, 1645. 







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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

November 1647. 

3. To 5 souldyers of Col. Lilburnes regiment 

10. To Mr. Tarrant for Journyes as by bill 
To John Staythe for extra service in the Army 
For goeing by water and sending to the Generall 

at Turneham Greene 

To Capt Lawrence for prisoners dyet 

11. [To M*^ Hatter for life guard pay 

12. To Lancelet Burt being sick 

To a Messenger to London from Putney with 

l^//res in the night 00 06 00 

14. To a Messenger to Turneham Greene and Elyng 

with k/^res 00 05 00 

15-16. For charges in writing the Generalls remon- 
strance.-* 

For pap^ 

For a Clarke for helping at Hartford 

17. To M' Williams for severall Journyes, as by bill 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

17. To a guide for the Generall from Rislippe to 

Kingston 00 05 00 

For the Northeme W/res to ^Putney and sending 

them away to Ware 00 03 00 

To a poore woman at Kingston 00 05 00 

To 2 poore women at Windsor... ... 00 10 00 

To a Messenger with k//res from London to 

Windsor 01 00 00 

To M' Bevhill for writing severall orders of the 

house concerning the Army 02 00 00 

To M*^ Powell which he laid out to Capt. 

Bedman 00 05 00 

To a L* that came out of Ireland 00 05 00 

Paid at Kingstone for one of the life Guards 

quarters 00 06 00 

Given to the guard there 00 05 00 

» The headquarters of the army were removed to Putney in August, 1647. 



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164 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To the Trumpeters of the life guard 

To Walter Plitt a souldyer in Capt. Ingoldsby 

company ... 

To Capt Scroope the Engineere 

25. To the Canoneers at Windsor 

26. To 3 widdowes wid^>w (^onaway Wynne and 

Hickson whoe lost their husbands in the 
service ... 

27. To the prisoners of Col. Lilburnes regt. 
To a poore woman 
To a poore souldyer whoe came with a peticon 

from Bristoll ... 00 10 00 

To 25 souldyers of CoL Lamberts regt. 8 of 

Col. Barksteads and one of Col. Overtons 

whoe petitoned the Generall for pay for 

their quarters 01 14 00 

To A. Jackson and Thorn. Tomlinson 2 York- 

shiremen ... ... ... ... ... 00 10 00 

To M"* Richardson which he laid out for severall 

Contingencies 02 08 00 

To M*" Powell w^/ch he disburst for extr^ 

charges... ... ... ... ... ... 03 01 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

Dec. 1647. 

3. To M*^ Tirwhitt by Command 05 00 00 

4. To Mary Roberts a female scout 

Sherborne 

5. To Capt. Eyton for postage into the west 
To John Waus a poore souldyer 

7. To the poore Gunner at Durham that was shot 

blinde and lame 00 05 00 

8. To a Post-boy from Hounsloe to Windsor with 

k//res 00 06 00 

9. To Hester Wilmot a poore souldyers wife ... 00 05 00 

10. To Beniamin Ridley for severall Journyes as by 

bill 05 05 06 

11. To John Horton Rowland Steward W"» Scrivener 

John Targrett Patricke Holston, 5 souldyers 

of Col. Lilburnes regt. 01 05 00 

To a souldyer at Windsor castle 00 05 00 



taken 


at 








... 


... 


00 


10 


00 


rest 


... 


02 


00 


00 


• .. 


... 


02 


00 


06 







i6c 


£ 


S, 


d. 


OO 


lO 


OO 


12 


OI 


OO 


00 


lO 


OO 



OI 


00 


00 


00 


05 


00 


OO 


05 


00 


OO 


02 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Edw. Suckly whoe had his sonne slaine in 

the warre 

13. To M*" Spavan which he disburst as by bill ... 
14- To Capt. Scot formerly of the life guards 

To M*^ Austin the Printer of the orders about 

Provender 00 15 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

Dec. 1647. 

To M*" Tarrant for several! Journyes 11 15 00 

To Capt. Eyton for carryeing of k/Zres from 

Windsor to London 01 00 00 

17. To Tarrants brother for goeing to Denham ... 00 10 00 
To Mr. Tarrants brother before his goeing into 

the Isle of Wight ... 00 15 00 

10. To M*" Williams the Farrier for a Journey from 
Windsor to London and backe 

24. To a poore sick souldyer 

25. To one Rachell 

To another souldyer 

To M*" Spavan for charges in finding out 

L* White whoe kild the man 00 10 00 

31. To the wi^ow Langley towards her losse by 
souldyers at the Armyes coming up to 

London 

To the widd^?a; Hunt 

To one Smalwood 

To Edw. Taylor Chyrurgeon 

To M' Tarrant for severall Journyes 

27. To M' James Wynter for a recruit chest for the 

Generalls regt. ... ... 03 00 00 

Jo. Barkstead. 
E. Grosvener. 

According to your Excellencies Order of the 24th of June wee 
have Examined this Account and doe finde there are Receipts as 
to the greatest somes therin mentioned, and for the lesser somes 
many of them being very inconsiderable, and paid out uppon 
suddaine occasions when an Acquittance could nott conveniently bee 
had wee doe humbly recommend them to your Excellency for your 
approbation and Allowahce. 

Jo. Barkstead. Jo. Rushworth. 



02 


00 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


05 


00 


II 


06 


00 



1 66 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

An Account of monyes disbursed for Contingencyes from 
Jan. 1647 to Jan. 1648. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


05 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 



8. To Capt W" Jones for losses in the service . 
12. To M*" Mosse for service in the North 

To L* Col. Salmon for his and Sir W«» Con- 
stables charges into the Isle of Wight ... 40 00 00 
To M*^ Glapthom 5^ and to M"" Roberts for 

extra service 10* 15 00 00 

5. To 10 Dragoones that came of from Capt. Farmer 01 10 00 

19. To Nath. Duncan for Nich. Forde and 5 other 

gent, that came out of Ireland 05 00 00 

To L* Col. Kelsay for extra charges disbursed 

at Oxford 100 00 00 

To M"^ Parsons a gent whoe came out of Ireland 

and seaven others for releefe 09 00 00 

To M*" Roberts for severall persons and spec/a/ 

service in Windsor Castle 14 00 00 

21. To John Stevens and 4 other souldyers of the 

lord Generalls regt. to carry them home ... 01 15 00 
To M*^ Roper for goeing twice from Windsor 

to London and back 

24. To Ben. Ridley for Joumyes 

To Capt. Sanders for riding Post to GXoMcester 
26. To Capt. Goldsmith for Journyes as by warrant 

20. To M' Higgins a Messenger from Col. Harrison 

22. To M"" Stoddart for repairing the Waggons ... 



Feb. 1647. 

5. To Capt Walter for Contingenaes for Col. Horton 

9. To Sir Hard. Waller for extra charges in the West 

To M"* Mabbot for 184 daies pay from the 2^ 

of Aprill 1647 to the 2^ of Oct. 1647 at 

$s, 6d, per diem 

4. To M' Humberston for severall Journyes 
II. To M"" CoUingwood 155. To M*^ Shipwith 2' 
to M*" Hill a poore knight of Windsor 2 ox. 
and to M"* Booker los, 04 05 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 



02 


02 


00 


06 


19 


00 


03 


00 


00 


14 


13 


00 


02 


00 


00 


05 


17 


00 


25 


00 


00 


300 


00 


00 


50 


06 


06 


20 


00 


00 



20 


00 


GO 


o6 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


14 


00 


00 


06 


10 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 167 

£ s- d. 
Feb. 1647. 

II. To M*" Hatter for 3 weekes pay at 5^. per diem 05 05 00 
16. To M"^ Bourchier and 19 other disbanded 
souldyers of the L' Generalls regt 

18. To M' Foxcroft and M** Lacock for releefe ... 
To John Tarington Trumpeter for extra service 
To M*^ Eyton for severall Journyes 

19. To M*" Whittington for bookes for the Army... 
To M' Sexby for severall Journyes and losse of 

horses 15 00 00 

To M"^ Broad for representacons printed at Yorke 

and disp[o?]sed for the used of the Army 16 13 04 

II. To M"^ Rich. Cadwell which he disbursed at 
Maydenhead 35J. To Henry Wilmot towards 
his charges to CoL Horton to W"* Mason for 

releefe i/. and to M' Meysey 30X 

To M' Hatter for 2 moneths pay of the life 
guards upon disbanding 

24. To L' Generall Cromwell for Coxi^Angencies 

29. To M"" Purvile for extra service 

March 1647. 
3. To Quartermaster Generall Grovener for addi- 

tonall pay from the 21 Dec. to this day ... 23 15 00 
13. To M*" Hatter for a fortnights pay of the life 
guard one for quarters and the other [for] 

disbanding 03 10 00 

9. To Capt. L^ Ellis for a weekes pay for the life 

guard at disbanding 187 17 02 

S. To Capt Hamden for severall charges 70 00 00 

9. To Major Thom. Jourden and Capt. John 

Aubrey for a weekes pay as of the life guard 03 10 00 
To M"" Woolsey which he laid out for the 

quarters of severall Troops at Windsor ... 03 07 00 
To M*^ Powell and M' Richardson for extra 

service ... ... 55 00 00 

To M' Powell wAich he disbursed for severall 

particulars 17 02 06 

Ex. E. (irosvener. 







\sic 


06 


05 


00 


14 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 



1 68 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ S. d. 

March 9. To Anthony West Trumpeter to carry him 

into the North 01 10 00 

10. To M*" Enington for extr^ service 08 00 00 

To Capt. Disney for mony lost by Maf/Ser Rogers 

when he was taken prisoner at Farrington 15 16 00 

To M*" Wansey for a weekes pay in the life 
guard i/. 155. and to M*" Ryley for extra 

service 3/. ... 04 15 00 

15. To Capt James Jolly for the use of himselfe and 
8 other Capta/«j for their their (sic) charges 
in raising and disbanding their companyes 200 00 00 

To Col. Hewsons Marshall for carrieing ammun- 
ition into Kent 01 06 06 

To M*" W*" Bumell a Messenger whoe brought 
the newes of 'Pembrooke castle 5* and to 
Capt. Young for 4 souldyers of Sir Hard. 
Wallers regt. i' ... ... ... ... 06 00 00 

To M*" Horseman a German to carry himselfe 
to carry himselfe (sic) to Col. Tomlinsons regt. 
i/. \os, and to M*" Bland for releefe i/. ioj. 03 00 00 

To Col. Eyre for paym^«t of the souldyers before 

the 15^^ Jan. at Hurst castle 28 07 00 

To L* Ellis for sending downe Armes to Coll. 

Hortons regt. ... 10 15 06 

29. To Capt. Scot for releefe .. 05 00 00 

Aprill 1648. 

4. To Capt. Wilkinson for scarfes etc 06 00 00 

To M*" Fulford for attendance at the headquarters 

and writing the Queenes \eUres etc. ... 06 05 00 

I. To M*" Arthur Annasley for Coniingencies laid 

out by *CoL Fleming before Pembroke Castle 20 00 00 
To M*" Whiting himselfe and M*" Allen for extra 

service in the Army ... ... ... ... 20 00 00 

3. To Comet Tiringham for extra service ... 10 00 00 



^ On March 2nd, 1647, news reached London that Col. Poyer, Governor of 
Pembroke Castle, had refused to deliver up his charge to the officer sent by 
Fairfax to take it over. 

^ On March 23rd, 1647, Col. Fleming was driven out of Pembroke by Poyer, 
and the town was not regained by the Parliamentary troops till July nth, 1648. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 69 

£ S, ./. 

5. To M*" Gillot for dayly pay from the 30 Oct to 

the 28 Dec 12 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 



Aprill 1648. 

13. To M*" John Smith and other tropps for speaa/ 

service 02 00 00 

15. To M*" Stevenson for a Co[?]t of guard at 

Windsor ... ... ... ... ... 09 06 04 

14. To M' Woodroffe whoe came with \ettxts from 

Col. Horton 03 00 00 

17. To Capt. Bray in parte of his arrears 20 00 00 

To Capt Phil. Watson for extra service 2^ to 
Jeremiah Bowyer for releefe i* to Wentworth 
a troops wife 30X. 04 10 00 

4. To L^ Col. Frogmorton for forces raised for 

Ireland afterwards by order disbanded ... 76 00 00 

2. To M"" Mabbot for halfe a yeares pay from the 

2^ Oct 1647 2^ Apr. 1648 at 55. per diem 50 00 00 
21. To John Pearse for W/res from Col. Horton ... 01 02 06 

May 1648. 

3. To M*^ David Walter whoe came with k//res 

from Col. Horton 03 10 00 

To M*^ Spavan for Contingencies for L* Generall 

Cromwell at his goeing into Wales 200 00 00 

5. To M*^ W"» Allen to buy him an horse ... 10 00 00 
3. To Col. Deane to enable his regiment to march 

into Wales 100 00 00 

1 1 . To L^ Clarke for his release out of Pembrooke 

castle and other charges 12 00 00 

12. To M"^ Bourchier 40?. to L* Meysey 30J. and to 

Capt Bulmer for releefe 30J. 05 00 00 

13. To Comet Tuke w>4/ch he laid out for horses 

in the West 15 03 04 

16. To M"^ Cobham for charges in carrieing Ammu- 

nition from Windsor to Gloucester by land 66 00 00 



^ On May ist news arrived that all South Wales was in revolt. The Council 
of War at once sent Cromwell there at the head of five regiments. 



170 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ S, d. 

17. To Mathew Stoddard for bringing a Gin from 

Wallingford to Windsor ... ... ... 03 00 00 

To him more for Carpenters Smyths and 

wheelers worke 07 06 10 

24. To M"" Hen. Marston for riding post out of 

Yorkeshire 07 00 00 

To Mr. Snow for carrieing 8 waggons of the 

trayne 08 02 00 

To Mr. Snow for covering and colouring of the 

Generall his waggons 05 07 02 

19. To John Pemay for carrieng Ammunition from 

Windsor to Wallingford ... ... ... 00 12 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

25. To Capt. Brayfeild wA/ch he disbursed 02 04 10 

26. To L* White for monyes laid out by Col. 

Fleetwood to one that roade Post to Bury 
19. To Henry Hamond for charges of the Trayne 

into South Wales 
23. To M"" Mathew Stoddart for reparing Waggons 
26. To M*" Wynter for Medicines 

June 1648. 

To Rich. Truman and Thom. Wharton for 

severall services 02 00 00 

6. To ^M*" Wynter for Medicines 08 13 01 

To CoL Fleetwoods Trumpeter for a horse he 

bought of a souldyer tooke of a Countryman 03 00 00 
17. To John Smith for a horse he lost in the 

storme of ^Maidstone 

8. To M*" Richardson for monyes disbursed by him 
To Capt. Watson for Col. Needham 

July 1648. 

4. To Erasmus Sanders for restoring a horse 

8. To M*" Thornehill for k//res from Colchester . . . 
10. To Capt. Disher for a souldyer in his troop ... 

9. To Thom. Webb for a horse he tooke 



07 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 


01 


09 


10 


08 


I^ 


OT 



06 


00 


00 


04 


10 


00 


20 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


OI 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 



1 Chirurgeon-general to the army. 

2 Maidstone was storroed and taken by Fairfax on June ist, 1648. 







171 


£ 


s. 


d. 


o3 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


02 


II 


00 


01 


10 


00 



01 


10 


00 


02 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


08 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

10. To Lt. Thompson for repaire of his losse by 

the enimy 

12. To M*^ Webb for the wounded souldyers 

18. To M' Joslyn for mony laid out by him and 

to M*" Webb for sick and maimed souldyers 

To George Wilmore for k//res out of Kent ... 

To M' Rushworth which he disbursed for 

*Granadoes 03 05 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

22. To M*^ Patricke for a moneths pay 

25. To Dan. Creswell Smith at Lexden for Iron ... 

26. To M'' Joslyn for the wounded souldyers at 

London 

To M*" Rich. Winsmore for l^/Zres out of Wales 
31. To M*" Rowe Deputy Scoutmaster Generall for 

horses 60 00 00 

August 1648. 

I. To M' Calendrine for intelligence 

3. To M' Webb for wounded souldyers 

5. To L* Johnson w^/ch Major Gibbon laid out 

6. To M"^ Stoddant for Carpenters worke 

7. [To Capt Ca for a seaman that went into 

Holland & other charges 08 10 11] 

To M"^ Webb for disbursements for wounded 

souldyers 

To Capt. Young for lead to make bulletts 

8. To M"^ Davis Tentkeep for 2 moneths pay at 

2S. per diem ... 

9. To M' Richardson laid out by him 

14. To W"» Karis for transporting 

16. To M' Snow for a Tent for his ^xoellency ... 

17. To Webb for wounded souldyers 

18. To M*^ Hen. Moulton for special service 

19. To M*^ Patrick for a moneths pay from July 20 
24. To M' Mosse for service in the North 

To M' Fosberry for 5 weekes looking to sick 

souldyers ... 03 10 00 

* Small explosive shells. Modem grenades. 



10 


00 


00 


04 


00 


00 


05 


10 


00 


14 


19 


06 



10 


00 


00 


12 


10 


00 


06 


00 


00 


05 


II 


06 


05 


00 


00 


35 


04 


00 


05 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


01 


10 


00 


61 


00 


00 



172 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



d. 



August 1648. 




To M"^ Webb for sick souWyers 


05 00 00 


To M"" Foxcroft for extra service 


05 00 00 



26. To M*" Edw. Joslin for his attendance upon sick 

souldyers 07 07 00 

29. To Col. Barkstead which he laid out in Kent 10 10 00 
To M*" John Rushworths for severall disburse- 
ments 25 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 



29. 



Sept. 
8. To John Warren a Troop for extra service ... 05 00 00 
To M' Adey for service in looking to sick and 

wounded souldyers 10 00 00 

4. To John Balwin for conveniencies for sick and 

wounded souldyers ... 

To M*" John Snow for covering 4 Waggones ... 

5. To Capt. Disher for conveying prisoners 
18. To Thorn. Fosberry for looking to sick souldyers 

3. To M"" John Wilson for spec/a/ service 

To M*" Powell for service 

To Eliz. Alkin for looking to the wounded 

souldyers 

4. To M"^ Cox for charges of a shipp at Rotterdam 
7. To Hen. Sharpe and Robbert Cobbett to buy 

them horses ... 

30. To M*" James Wynter for medicaments 

To M"" Winter for extra service 

20. To M*" Richardson for severall things which he 

disburst by order 
30. To Capt. Lawrence for Contingencyes 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

Oct. 1648. 
2. To M*" Mabbet for 184 daies pay ending Oct. 2 50 05 06 
20. To M"^ Webb for monyes laid out to maimed 

souldyers 02 05 00 

24. To M»" Ryley for Escutcheons for the Generalls 
tent 4^ to Thom. Jones i^ and Henry 
Baynard 2' for releefe ... ... ... 07 00 00 



01 


II 


06 


10 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


01 


16 


00 


80 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


16 


08 


00 


12 


00 


00 


03 


16 


00 


10 


00 


00 


90 


00 


00 


15 


06 


01 







173 


£ 


J. 


d. 


o6 


00 


00 


03 


16 


02 


10 


00 


00 


04 


04 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

10. To the Tentkeep for 60 dales paie ending 
Sept. 30 

12. To M"" Collins for covering Waggons at 

Nottingham 

10. To M"" Richardson for severall things laid out 

13. To Jacob Hanaky which he laid out 

10. To Capt. Ireton for bringing Cannon from 

Langepoint to ^Colchester 15 13 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

I. 1647. Dec. 1648. 

5. To Capt. Eyton for postage from Windsor to 

Blandford 

To 2 troops th^t came from the Isle of Wight 
8. To M*" Davis Tentkeep for pay 

13. To Thom. Erie for charges from the Isle cf 

Wight 

5. To L* Ellis for severall yi^^sengers from Wales 

To L* Bridges for monyes laid out before 

'Pontefract 

16. To W" Turner for coales and candles for the 

guardes at the 'Mewes 

To Capt. Disher for his guards at S' Albions... 
To M*" Bret Trumpeter for dayly pay Dec. i... 
To M"^ Vaux for sending Armes to the L* 

Generall ... 02 17 06 

15. To Capt. Joyce for charges betweene Portes- 

mouth and the Isle of Wight 

14. To U Col. Axtell for Straw 

To him more for coales and candles ... 

17. To Capt Pretty for severall Journyes and 

expences to the Isle of Wight 17 10 00 

23. To L* Mosse which he laid for carrieng mony 

to \J Generall Cromwell ... 05 00 00 



02 


00 


00 


08 


00 


00 


06 


02 


00 


01 


10 


00 


10 


15 


06 


02 


12 


06 

[ob. 


01 


10 


03 


06 


00 


00 


15 


05 


00 



16 


10 


00 


07 


12 


00 


07 


13 


00 



* Colchester was besieged by the Parliamentary troops from June 14th to 
Aug. 28th, 1648. 

' Pontcfract Castle was surprised and captured by the Royalists on June 1st, 
1648, and was not regained by the Parliamentary troops till March, 1649. 

•'The Parliamentary troops were quartered at the Mews from Jan., 1648. 



174 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



d. 



I6I7 


02 


06 


60 


00 


00 


40 


00 


00 



191 


18 


07 


03 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


08 


07 


00 



15. *To CoL Butler and Col. Fincher for disbanding 

their troopes 

26. To M*" Spavan for service in the North 

19. To the lord Calfeild for speciVz/ service 
15. To Capt. Joyce for D Col. Cobb^ at Hurst 

castle 100 00 00 

7. To Capt. Pitson which he laid out for Provisions 
the first night the Army came to Towne ... 

20. To W" Turner for coales at the Mewes 
To L^ Budger for charges in the publiq service 
To Capt. Ireton for carriage of Ammunition .. 

23. To M*" Ady Chyrurgeon for looking to the 

wounded men before Colchester ... ... 23 15 00 

31. To M*" Fosberry for 15 daies pay at 2s. per 
diem for looking to the wounded men 8/. loy. 
and 30X. to a nurse and to Jones Williams 
for her paines 5/. 55 15 05 00 

23. To Capt. Wane [?] for the charges of himselfe 
and 5 more to Windsor ... 

26. To Capt L' Browne for horses in Kent 
25. To George Phillisticke for severall things laid 

out as by bill 

27. To M*" Turner for Coa/w etc 

29. To M*" Turner for hay taken from him 
To Col. Pryde w^/ch he lent Capt. Joyce for 

publique service 
To him more for straw etc. 
25. To M** Knight for 67 daies pay as Chaplin 

when *M*" Dell and M*" Saltmarsh were absent 26 16 00 

30. To M*" Woollsey w^/ch he disburst for those 

that staid for orders 05 04 06 

To Mr. Payne for attending the Councell ... 92 00 00 

31. To M*" Stapleton for pay as Chaplin to the L' 

Generall in the North 72 03 04 



30 


00 


00 


16 


00 


00 


22 


06 


01 


04 


06 


04 


03 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


13 


10 


00 



* Rushworth, on Dec. i6th, 1648, writes:— ** Yesterday Col. Butler and Col. 
Fincher*s troops were disbanded ; they received 1,600 and odd pounds at disband- 
ing." Rushworth, II, p. 1365. 

* Two well-known divines, "spiritual writers rather than eminent theologians." 
Dell became an antinomian. In the campaign of 1645-6 he was made chaplain 
to the Parliamentary Army, and in 1649 Master of Caius College, Cambridge. 
Saltmarsh was a champion of complete religious liberty, and the author of 
innumerable tracts. In 1646 he became an army chaplain, and in December of 
the next year he died. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

30. To Capt. Norris for speda/ service 

31. To M*^ Bret for a moneths pay to this day ... 
30. To W°> Manistee whoe was wounded at Col- 
chester 

27. To M*" Lovejoy for dayly pay from Nov. 26 1647 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 







17! 


£ 


s. 


d. 


10 


00 


00 


03 


17 


06 


01 


00 


00 


36 


10 


00 



Sans warrant 

An Accompt of Monies disburced for Contingencies from 
January x 1647 to Jan. i 1648. 

6. To John Hellyer a Maimed Souldyer ... ... 00 10 00 

To 2 Cripples 00 05 00 

8. To Edw. Finch and John Keysbrooke poore 

Souldyers to carry them home 00 10 00 

10. To John Eviner to carry him to Coll. Lilburnes 

Regiment 

To L* Heydon for releife 

To Stephen Young and John Highin poore 

sold/ers 

To a poore woeman 

20. To 3 of ColL Whalleys Troupe to carry them 

home ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 15 00 

[To Sam. Mott one of the Marshall Generalls 
men for going with Orders to Coll. Hewson 

6 daies... 

To a poore Sold/er 

To John Staithe for going to Carisbrook Castle 
in the Isle of Wight and passage by Sea . 

[To M"^ Hobson for releife 

22. To Constance Heme and Eliz. Richerd 

To M*" Fawkard Messenger to the ^Committee 
of both Kingdomes for going from Putney 
to Hartford 01 05 00 



00 


05 


00 


01 


10 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


03 


00 



00 


12 


00] 


00 


05 


00 


03 


10 


00 


01 


00 


00] 


00 


05 


00 



* The Committee of Both Kingdoms arose in 1644 out of a proposal to form 
a committee to treat with the Scots. A permanent committee of seven Peers and 
fourteen Commoners was appointed to join with the Scotch Commissioners for the 
l)etter managing the affairs of both nations in the common cause. It was entrusted 
with the carrying on of the war, and with foreign policy, and was responsible to 



176 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To M' Perleur and another of the Generalls 
troops att Disbr 

To Abra Tiell and others of Col. Hewsons 
Regiment who were left behind in Sussex to 
carry them into Kent 

To another Sold/er 

To one of Col. Thomeys Regt 

To Jo. Atkins disbanded fro Col. Hortons Regt. 

To M"- Tatam ,. 

To M*" Mason 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 



s. 



00 10 00 



00 


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I. 


To 


2. 


To 


3- 


To 




To 




To 




To 


8. 


For 




To 




To 




To 




To 




R.To 




To 




R.To 


[I. 


. To 




R.To 



R.To 



Febr. 1647 

Welthian Jones 

the Widdow King 

the \Viddo2v Dunfeild 

the w'lddow Foxcroft 

the widdow Redyer 

a poore Sold/er 

bringing Monyes from Guildhall 

the mddow Townesend and another widdow 
Phil. Corbett of Coll. Lilburnes Regt. 

Chr. Baynbridge 

Fra. Jones 

M"" Eyton for a Journey to London and 

backe... 

Rich. Colson and 10 other Sold/ers dis- 
handed out of S*" W"* Constables regt. each 35. 
a poore woeman whose Unshand was in 

prison in Lanca^/^rp] ... 

W" Prim and 2 others each 2s, 6d, 

the widdow Langly in consideration of her 

losses by soldiers 

M' Brett for severall Journeys 



00 


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05 


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00 



01 00 00 

01 16 00 

01 00 00 

00 07 06 

03 00 00 

07 05 00 



Parliament. Gardiner sees in it the germ of political union between England 
and Scotland, and also of the modern Cabinet system. The Committee drew up the 
scheme for the New Model army, and planned the campaigns. In Jan., 1647, to 
end the connection of the Scots with the government of England, it was dissolved, 
and the supervision of public affairs was given to the English members only. 
Gardiner, I, p. 357, and III, p. 288. 







177 


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SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Hugh Partridge and 6 other disbanded 

Sold/'ers each 35 

To John Stacy [?] of Coll. Hewsons Regt. 
16. To Math. How and 3 other Sold/ers of S*^ W"" 

Constables Regt 00 10 00 

To Mary Rothery who left her husband in 

Irela/id 00 02 06 

To Merrian Coe another poore widdow ... 01 00 00 

To Eliz. Clough and W\A.^ow Bannister whose 

Husbands were killd in Irelar/id 00 10 00 

To Tho. Maney and 4 other disbanded Sould/ ers 

of Coll. Ewers Regt. each 31. 00 15 00 

To a Sold/'er that lost his eyes in Irek/id ... 00 02 06 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 



19. To James Gibson a disbanded sold/'er 

To Isabell Barker 

To a poore Sold/'er 

To Marshall and Gaunt 2 disbanded sold/ers... 

To John Bridger ... 

To Warren Morris ... 

To W™ Simpson 

To Hopkin Jones .. .. 

2 1 R. To M' I^nile [?] Chirurg to Col. Riches Regt. 

for supply of his Chest 

23R. To M' Richard Bourchier for releife 

25. To Faithfull Chapman L^ to Coll. Needham ... 

To John Sharp [?] 

To Tho. Wingod a poore Sold/er 

To a Mess^/if^ from the Governor of South- 
a»i/ton 

To the Postmtf5/er for k//res from Coll. Overton 

To a poore Sold/er 

To the Lady Mordant 

To Bridgett Bowell 

To John Bond a poore Sold/er 

To 3 poore Sold/ers 



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(iO 



1 78 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

March 1647. 
4 R. To the Chirurgions of ^Com. Generall Iretons 
and Col. Whalleys Regiments for Medica- 
ments 

8 R. To L* Browne for Journeys as per bill 

To the Lady Beamont 

To a post from the North 

To John Scaithe a disbanded Sold/er of Coll. 

Overtons Regt. 

To a poore woeman 

To Matthias Baker 

To Harman Sword and other disbanded sold/ers 
To the Lady Essex for Releife 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
4. 1647. 

March 10. To Eliz. Hunt whose Husband was slaine 
before Bristoll 

To 2 sold/ers of Coll. Ewers Regt 

To Penelope Thorp widdow ... 

To Jane Durham 

For charge for fetching mony fro Guildhall ... 
14. To Jane Harvy and Mary Clarke 

To Capt° Scott for releife 

To Elinor Sadler a poore widdow 

To Jo. Mason 

To Tho. Ingram a poore Sold/'er 

To 2 other Sould/ers ... 

To M"" Adam a blind person 

21. To 2 poore Sold/ers ... 

To Rich. Bridgewater 

To a postboy for Le/Zres ... 

20. To Jane Cliflfe 

To Bridgett Leigh 

22. To M«^ Fra. Fairboard [Fairfax wife to L' Coll. 

Fairboard] 

To the widdow Buckingham ... 



06 


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02 


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05 


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06 


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00 


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01 


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15 


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00 



^ Commissary-general of horse. In 1646 he married Cromwell's daughter 
Bridget. "No man,** says Whitelocke, "could prevail so much, nor order 
Cromwell so far, as Ireton could." He was the mouthpiece and defender of the 
army, but wished to maintain the constitution as far as possible, and hated the 
theories of the Levellers. 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To one W"» Clarke formerly under the E. of 

Essex 

24. To the vfiddow Aiscough 

To the widd^?z«^ Fitzwilliams 

To Edw. Pourtier a sold/er of C. G. Iretons Regt. 
28. To M"^ Perry ... 

To the widdow Meath of Col. Rainsbrowes 
Regt 

To Ann Osborne a poore mddow 

To Ann Gane ... 

To Jane Bannister 

To Mabell Osborne 

To Mary Hill 

To Jone Mas Eliz. Askeene 

To 3 poore Sould/ers 

To Robert Bayly 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
5. 1647. 

30*^. To Rich. Wentworth trooper in Coll. Whalleyes 
Reg 

To Leiu* Mathewes his wife in Coll. Ingoldesbyes 
Reg. 

To Jane Sprately wife to a troop in Coll. 
Graves Reg 

To Mary Rothery 

To Anne Parsons whose husband was slaine at 
Taunton 

To M" Carey whose husband was kild in Ireland 

25***. To M*" Cad well for severall Joumies and daily 

pay from the 13^** of October 1647 to the 

25^ of March following 

To Jane Priest a poore woman 

For bringing money from Guildhall 

Aprill 1648 

3">. To M"^ Bastard a Yorkshire Gent 

To Bridget Bowell 

4^. To 4 Exeter Women whose husbands were 
slaine before Exeter ... 
To W"» Hick a Souldier disbanded out of S** W"" 
Constables Regiment 







179 


£ 


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05 


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15 


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00 


05 


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00 10 00 



00 05 00 



oo 


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oo 


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00 


oo 


02 


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05 


00 



180 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Mary Jefferies whose husband is in the 

same Reg. 

To Alice Clarke a poore Widdow 

To Mary Mathewes 

To John Bridge a Sould/Vr disbanded out of 

S' W*" Constafi/es Reg 

To a Porter for severall L^//res 

To John Coren of Bradford 

To 4 disbanded Souldiers 

6*^ To Anne Osburne 

To M'* Gurney for Releife 

12*^. To Christopher Cox and other Souldiers 

To the Widdow Brookes and 2 other widdowes 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
7. 1648. 000 [?] V.R. 
4^*^. To Humphri^^ Jefferies a poore wound^</ Soldier 

To the Guard at Windsor Castle 

5^^. To the widow Mug well whose husband was 

slaine at ^Newbury ... ... ... ... 00 02 06 

To M** A^relius Chirurg^^« to Coll. Lilburnes 

Regt. for his Chest 03 00 00 

To W°> Ripley for a Journey to London from 

Windsor and back 01 00 00 

10'**. To M*" Griffith Inkeep^r of Gloucest^/* for releif 01 00 00 
To Tho. Blaikestone and Hen. Wakman 2 
Souldiers of Coll. Deanes Regim^w/ left 

behind 00 10 00 

I2'^ To M"" Roper for a Journey to London with 

L^/Zres to the Speaker and back 

To a poore Souldier 

To a Post from S* Albans 

13*^**. To Cap' Baldwin late of the life guard 

To a post boy 

17'**. To M*" Fulford for transcribing the Princes 
L^/Zres etc. and attendance from the 29*^ of 

March to the 17*** of May 1648 

20***. To L. Browne for severall journies as per bill 
To M^ Hutchins post boy for 2 l^//res from 
hondon 



01 


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10 


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33 


01 


00 


00 


10 


00 



^ The first battle of Newbury was in Sept., 1643, the second in Oct., 1644. 







181 


£ 


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d. 


o8 


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02 


00 


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05 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

2 2***. To Ben. Ridley for severall iourneies as by 2 bills 

To the VViddow James 

To 2 poore Souldiers 

To a post from Lond^« with an expresse from 

the North 

To Capt. Smith who was lamd in the service .. 
To a footman with L^//res from Maj<?r Gen. 

Skippon 00 04 00 

25^. To M*" Fulford for bringing I>//res from 

LondoB to the General! 00 10 00 

To M*" Paine for severall iournies as by bill ... 13 00 00 
26'**. To M*" Paxton for pap^r inke parchment and 
other necessan>5 for the Army from Sept. 

1647 46 14 II 

29***. To a poore woman at Greenewich whoe suffered 

losse by the Souldiers ' ... 00 02 00 

More to 2 others... 00 10 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

Aprill 15*^. To M*^ Smith a poore widow for releife 00 10 00 

17. To the horse and foot guards at the Gen. Reg. 00 15 00 

18. To the di^handed Sould/Vr^ of Col. Prides Reg. 

each 2S 6d. 

To Tho. Reynardson who lost his eye in Ireland 

19. To 2 Souldiers and a poore Woman 

To severall poore Souldiers and others at his 

Exc^//<?«cies goeing from London 

To a poore Waggoner and others 

To one for writing upon extra occasion 

To Henry Porter for Releife 

For \nit\X\gence at London on the 'rebellions day 
For Bulletts for defence of the Generals Quarters 
To M"^ Smith more for releife 



01 


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10 


00 



* A reference to the riot in the city on April 9th, 1648. Rushworth, on 
April loth, writes: — That which first offers itself this week is the great tumult 
which broke forth in London by a company of rude and disorderly persons on the 
Lord^s Day about their Sporting, Tipling, and other Disorders on that Day, in 
Contempt of the Ordinance of Parliament. **The trained bands sent by the Lord 
Mayor to interfere with a company of rud*^ persons playing and sporting in 
Moore Fields in Sermon lime,'* were disarmed. The mob was later in the day 
dispersed by Cromwell in the Strand, but next morning the whole of the City was 
in the hands of the rioters. The riot was finally suppressed by Barstead on the 
same day. 



£ 


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06 



182 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To the horse Guard in Qeene streete 

To a Souldier in Coll. Barksteads Regiment .. 

Laid out for Charges and disbursements to 
Messengers Troops and others in Suffolk 
about the x^oeipt of 8oo** by order from the 
Comw/Vtee of the Army and bringing it to 
London " ... ... ... ... ... 15 00 00 

More for a Mare bought there to bring parte 

of the Money 10 00 00 

To my Selfe allowed for goeing from Windsor 
to Ipswich and other partes in Suffolk and 
back to Windsor 240 miles 06 00 00 

May 1648. 

2^**. To M*" Heath for Journes as by Bill 103 04 00 

To M' Brett Trumpeter for 68 daies pay at 

2S, 6d. per diem 08 10 00 

To a Souldier in Coll. Barksteads Reg. ... 00 01 06 

To Edw. Treije a sick Souldier in Coll. 

Hammonds Regim* .. 00 05 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
000 [?]V.R. 
June i*^. To John Carter of Coll. Barksteads Regimen/ 

for a white colour taken at Maidstone 00 10 '00 
2*K To the Trumpeters of Coll. Whalleyes and Coll. 

Riches Regim* 02 00 00 

3**». To John Whiting a poore Kentish Souldier ... 00 05 00 
To James Sprunt whoe tooke another white 

colours at Maidstone 01 00 00 

4^. To the Marshalls man for the fees and charges 

of one West a prisoner 00 15 00 

To one of Coll. Whaleyes men who brought in 

prisoners ... 00 10 00 

To 3 Troopers that came from Coll. Whaley 

with W//res ... ... ... ... ... 00 07 06 

6*^. To M*^ Goodale for a Journey from London to 

Rochester ... .. ... ... ... 01 07 00 

To a poore Souldier ... 00 05 00 

10^. To 2 of Coll. Riches men who lost their horses 

in Essex ... ... ... ... ... 01 00 00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 83 

£ S, d. 

To myselfe for 2 Journeyes the one from Windsor 
to London the other from Rochester to 
Ivond^w 02 07 00 

To Richard Trueman for taking a horse and 

some prisoners ... 01 00 00 

To Tho. Wharton for vaXx^igence from ^ Dover 

cac&tle ... ... ... ... ... ... 01 00 00 

i7*\ To M' Beale the Trumpeter whoe came from 
the ^revolted Shipps 

To a Messinger from Coll. Whalley 

To myselfe for goeing with heftres from Graves- 
end to London and back to Londe?« 66 miles 

To severall poore wounded Souldiers 

To Cap^ Goldsmith upon his bill for iournies... 

To one for helping to write upon extra occasion 
18***. To a Messinger for intelligence 

To John Haward a wounded Souldier in Coll. 

Needhams Regim^«/ 00 05 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

9. 1648. June 1648. 

June 18. To 3 Sold/Vrs who went under the walls of 

'Colchester and brought 3 prisoners ... 00 15 00 
21. To Adj* Gen. Bury which hee disbursed for 

inteiUgence 

To Rich. Armstrong for Journeys 

24. To M*" Winter for severall wounded Soldiers ... 
To a Messenger with l>//res from Oxford 

26. To Edm. Young a wounded Sold/'er 

27. To Coll. Barksted for them that brought off the 

Ordnance att Colchester 



01 


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^ A mutiny broke out in the fleet on May 27th, 1648, and Dover Castle was 
besieged. It was relieved by the Parliamentary troops on June 6th. 

* There had been for some time no good understanding between ihe army and 
the fleet, and in the end of May, 1648, emboldened l»y the successful Royalist 
rising in Kent, six ships in the Downs declared for the King. The mutiny, 
however, only spread to three more ships, and though at first the rising appeared 
formidable, Fairfax successfully routed the Kentish army. The nine revolted ships 
went to Holland, and invited the Duke of York to come on board as their 
admiral. Gardiner^ III, Ixii and Ixiv. 

' After successfully reducing Kent, Fairfisuc turned to Essex, and arrived before 
Colchester on Tune 12th, 1648; the town surrendered after a stubborn defence on 
Aug. 28th. 



184 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



d. 



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17 


19 


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04 


06 


06 



To Fra. Owen whose Husband was slaine in 

the service 

To Tobias Maning for burying an Horse 
To L* Gifford for a Mess^/i^^r to Oxford 

o 19. To M' Roper for several I Journeys 

To a poore woeman whose husba«^ was an 

Ens/]fw in the Generalls Regt 00 05 00 

To one of Coll. Needhams Souldiers who was 

taken prisoner 

o 9. [To Ben. Ridley for Journeys 

To M"" Paine for Journeys 

For a Portmantua to carry the mony etc. 
To M"^ Brett for the prisoners in Colchester .. 
28. To Zachary Standard for Journeys 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

10. 1648. July 1648. 

July I. To Jos. Parker for burying a dead Horse... 00 09 00 
To Coll. Fox and another ^Reformade for 

xviXjt^igence 05 00 00 

6. To W*" Tarrant to beare his Charges to Oxford 00 06 00 
9. To Lane. Burt for enterteinem^«t of drummers 

from Co\chester 00 09 05 

To myself for a Journey to London about 

Contingencies 92 miles ... 02 06 00 

12. To Hen. Seagner for boating Ammunition att 

Mannitree out of the ^Hoy to the Shore ... 00 18 06 
o To M*" Brett for daily pay 92 daies ac 2s. 6d, 

per diem 

o 13. To Edw. Watts for Journeys as by Bill 

To a Messenger from Southampton 

17. To a Messenger w/Vh InitWigence from London 
To Zach. Standard for a Journey 

18. To Coll. Ewers Man for a Mess^i^^ 

To Capt" Scott for Releif 

1 Reformadoes were disbanded soldiers. GardituKy III, p. 106. They were a 
constant menace to Parliament, because of ihe non-payment of their arrears. 

^ " A small vessel, usually rigged as a sloop, and employed in carrying 
passengers and goods for short distances, especially on the sea coast." Smyth, 
Sailors' Word Book. 



II 


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I«5 


£ 


S. 


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OI 


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06 


15 


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21 


16 


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22 


10 


06 


01 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS 

To Capt" Wheeler for ^InioiXigefue from Holland 

To a Troop that tooke L* Coll. Weston 
o 20. To Benj. Ridley for Journeys as per bill ... 
o 22. To M*" Payne for Journeys as per bill 

24. To Capt" Goldsmith for Journeys as per bill . . . 
To Edw. Ireland who tooke a Major att Maid- 
stone ... 

To Commissary General Ireton to buy Horses 

25. To Capt" Wheeler for ^InieWigence out of Holk«d 
To M"^ Everard for going with orders to Harwich 

29. For discharging Quarters for some Soldiers that 

went to fetch in straglers 00 11 00 

To Geo. Haddon for buriall and other charges 

of one of the L* Generalls troopers ... 00 11 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

August 1648. 

4. To John Gelder a Messenger from the (jovernor 

of Boston 

5. To a Messenger from Coll. Scroope 

To a Messenger from ColL Rich 

o 6. To M*^ Edw. Watts for Journeys 

7. To M"" Greene for a Journey to Harwich 
12. To M*" Jones for Journeys 

8. To M' Hatter which hee laid out as by Bill... 
II. To Zachary Standard for Journeys 

To M' Heath for Journeys 

15. To Jo. Yates Trumpeter for Charges in Kent... 
20 R. To M*" Fulford for writing and attendance as 

per bill 

22R. To a Messenger from Gloucester 

23R. To Jacob Hannockey for going to Messinghall 

24. To M*" Wms for Journeys 

To M' Catton for Journeys 

25. To M*" Lovejoy for a Joumy to London 

1 Possibly about the arrival of the Prince of Wales in Holland about July 9th, 
1648, and his welcome by the revolted ships. 

« On July i6lh the Prince sailed for England with the fleet. 



00 


10 


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00 


05 


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00 


05 


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15 


07 


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18 


07 


00 


16 


07 


02 


02 


13 


00 


63 


12 


06 


01 


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06 


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06 


00 


05 


12 


00 


03 


II 


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01 


03 


00 



i86 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



26. [To Quartermaster General Ireton for an Hoy 
from Maningtree to Langerpoint with 
Ammunition ... ... ... ... ... 00 18 00] 

29. To M"" Wragg which he disbursed to Seamen 

and others ... ... ... ... ... 01 10 00 



September. 

I. To M*^ Fosbery for a weeks looking to Maimed 

Soldiers 

o 2. To John Matthewes for looking to Maimed 

Soldiers 

4. To a wounded Soldier ... 

To one of the Scouts men upon a Message ... 

For bringing a Box with pap^r etc. from London 

to the Heeth 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
12. 1648. 
Sept. 5. To M*" Lloyd for mony laid out to Gunners [?] 

For Candles att the Heath 

To Tho. Smyth for Capt" Graves Waggon 
To John Berisford for IniQWigence out of Kent 
29. To Tho. Ripley for a Journey to Norwich 

To M"" Binning a Messenger for InteWigence .. 
16. To Serj* Hughes for looking to the wounded 

Souldiers att Maiden... 

To John Edwards Soldier wounded before 

Colchester 

27. To Capt" Thomlins for Charges in Carrying the 

Guns to Langer point 

29. To M' Crab for fetching shott from Harwich.. 
For a portmantu to bring Orders and Articles 

of warr to the Hith 

To 2 poore men there ... 

To M** Woolsey for Journeys 

For Arrowes to shoote into Colchester... 
23. To M^ Davis Tentkeeper for covering Waggons 
etc. 



00 14 00 

06 00 00 

00 02 06 

01 10 00 

00 18 00 



01 00 00 

00 06 05 

01 12 00 

01 00 00 

02 10 00 
01 00 00 

03 00 00 

00 05 00 

10 00 00 

01 00 04 

00 05 00 

00 10 00 

01 12 00 

00 06 08 

01 02 09 



02 


00 


00 


OO 


02 


06 


OO 


02 


06 


OO 


02 


00 


03 


00 


00 


21 


03 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


02 


06 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 1 87 

£ S. d. 

October. 

7. To the Frenchman who discovered the ^plott att 

Sandwich 

To the Widdow Davis 

To the Widdow WalHs 

To W" Kirke a poore Soldier 

o To Capt" Joyce before his going into the North 

9. To Edw. Watts for Journeys 

To L' Aliens widdow 

II. To Eliz. Alkeene to carry her to London 

To widdow White whose Husband was slaine 

before Colchester ... oo 05 00 

8. To M"" Cadwell for Journeys and daily pay from 

May 26 ... ... ... ... ... 194 17 00 

II. To L' Browne for Journeys from May 16 ... 074 00 00 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 

13. 1648. November. 

8r.To Tho. Reading for Guards att S* Albans ... 01 17 06 
6. To a Messtf«^^r who brought L^//res from 

Stayning 01 00 00 

To my self for going to London and backe 

about QonXxngencies 

To W™ Shortly disbanded as a Supernumerary 

To a poore Ministers wife 

To myself for going to London with the 

Remonstra;ir(^ 

For bringing pap^r etc. from London 

To severall poore Men 

27. To a Messenger from the Isle of Wight 

To W™ Aldridge whose Horse was prest 
29. To W" Maxwell who came out of Ireland 

14. To a poore woeman 

To a poore Lincolneshire Souldier 

To another poore Souldier 

To 2 More 

If. To my self for going to Windsor and backe ... 



01 


00 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


02 


06 


01 


00 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


04 


00 


01 


00 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


02 


06 


00 


01 


00 


00 


02 


00 


01 


00 


00 



' Possibly a reference to the landing at Harwich in May, 1648, of an impostor, 
who declared himself to be the Prince of Wales. 



oo 


16 


09 


05 


16 


00 


24 


06 


06 



188 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

£ S. d. 

For Charges there and a Clarke to write severall 

nights 02 00 00 

Charges for severall Clarks att S. Albons ... 01 00 00 

December. 

5R. To M"" Payne for Journeys 76 19 00 

8R.T0 M' Thomson the Smith for worke att 

Whitehall 

13R. To Capt" Goldsmith for Journeys 

To him more 

I R, To M' Lluellin for Candles for the Council of 

Warr ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 09 06 

Ex. E. Grosvener. 
14. 1648. 

Dec. 16. To M** Brett Trumpetter for Journeys ... 
R. To him more for procla/w/Vi^ the proclamacon 
R. To M"" Bishopp for worke about the traine ... 
R. To M"" Heath for Journeys and daily pay 
To the Glazier for mending windowes att Windsor 

For Candlesticks for the Councell 

To a poore Troops wife of Coll. Riches Regt. 
To the widd^TO/ Curtis whose husbfl«^/ was in 

S^ R. Prests Regt 00 10 00 

19. To the smith for Locks about the Chamber 

where the Councell sate 

20R. To John Roberts for Journeys 

21 R. To M' English Tirrell one of the Marshalls men 

for 2 Journeys to Windsor 

20. To Ben. Ridley for Journeys 

21 R. To M"" Edw. Watts for Journeys 

23. To Geo. Philliskirke for Inkehornes and pap^r 

17. To M' Jo" Robinson in Newgate 

20. To Susann Adams 

To Ann Hobson ... 

22. To the Lady Beamont 

27. To M"" James Winter for his Chirurgeons Chest 
27. To John Vickeridge who was wounded att 
Colchester ... 

To a post boy 

To Lament Scott a poore Soldiers wife 



09 


06 


00 


01 


16 


10 


03 


18 


06 


85 


05 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


OS 


00 



00 


03 


06 


03 


14 


06 


00 


12 


00 


03 


14 


00 


24 


13 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


02 


06 


00 


01 


00 


00 


10 


00 


03 


00 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


02 


06 


00 


05 


00 







189 


£ 


s. 


d. 


oo 


lO 


00 


oo 


lO 


00 


OI 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Eliz. Bently whose husband was an Ensigne 

and lay sicke 

For Locks and keys to several! doores in Whitehall 

28. To Margerett Hawley a Troops wife 

R. To M' Rabisha for a Journey from London to 

Colchester 01 01 00 

R. To M*" Paine for Candlesticks and other things 

for the Generalls Councell 

To him for Candles 

To a poore woeman whose Husband was slaine 
31 R. To M"^ Williams for a Journey from Windsor to 

London 

To Rich. Marshall Collermaker upon his Bill... 
Ex. E. Grosvener. 

According to your Excellencies Order of the 24"^ of June wee 
have examined this Account, and doe finde there are Receipts as to 
the greatest somes therin mencioned, and for the lesser somes, 
many of them being very inconsiderable and paid out uppon 
suddaine occasions when noe acquittance could conveniently bee 
had we doe humbly recomend them to your Excellency for your 
approbacion and Allowance. 

Jo. Barkstead. Jo. Rushworth. E. Grosvener. 



00 


12 


04 


00 


16 


06 


00 


03 


00 


01 


00 


00 


03 


04 


02 



An Accott«t of Monyes disbursed for Contingencyes from 
Jan. the first 1648 to the Jan. i 1649. 

Jan. 2. To Col. Harrison and S' Hardresse Waller 

to be disposed of to poore Irish officers 50 00 00 

3. To M' W"* Turner for coales candles and 

Faggots for the horse guards at the Mewes 

4. To Cap' Lawrence for severall disbursements ... 
8. To M' Snow tentmaker for worke done 

To Abr. Newbold for attending the Councell ... 
3. To M' Boys for disbanding the Pyoners 

5. To Thom. Nash wheelewright for worke before 

Colches/^r 03 01 00 

6. To Cap* Harding for sending Armes and 

Ammunition to Weymouth 12 00 00 

To John Buckingham for an hor$e he lost 

before Colchester 04 10 00 



04 


08 


00 


00 


19 


08 


04 


19 


05 


02 


18 


04 


25 


04 


00 



£ 


s. 


d. 


05 


07 


10 


04 


04 


07 


03 


02 


00 


04 


06 


06 


10 


00 


00 


24 


10 


00 



43 


10 


02 


01 


18 


06 


02 


02 


02 



190 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

II. To Major Cobbet for charges about the Waggons 
To M' Turner for coales etc. at the Mewes ... 

15. To M** Fishe which he laid out for souldyers 

before Colchester 

17. To M"" Turner for coales etc. at the Mewes ... 

16. To Abr. Newbold for Maior Evelyn and others 

whoe went to the Isle of Wight 

18. To Capt. Roger West for service in the life guard 
To Capt Lawrence Marshall Generall for Con- 

\Sxi%encits 16 13 00 

To him more for Bedsteads etc. for the 

at Whitehall 

To Nath. Bamock for himselfe and 18 watermen 
To ^M** B/V^^p Farrier for Iron about the trayne 
To M"^ Sam. Strong for an horse he lost at 

Colchester 09 00 00 

To M'" Spavan for monyes laid out by the L' 

Generall ... ... ... ... ... 56 00 00 

19. To Capt. Weare for pay as Quarter Master 

Generall in the North 113 10 00 

23. To Col. Harrison for charges in his Journey to 

'^Hurst castle 07 12 06 

To M'" Bret for extra service before Colchester 10 00 00 
16. To Capt. Snipe to bury Cap^ Scot 255. to widdow 

Balston 20s, to a boateman 33 j. 03 18 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 

1648. 

Jan. 25. To M"" Turner for coales etc. for the Mewes 08 05 06 
To the clarke of the house of Commons for 

extra service 

26. To Capt. Morgan for charges the first night .. 
To Dorothy Bretch for repaire of her shop .. 

Feb. 1648. 

To M*^ Fruen for QonKmgencies in the North ... 22 18 02 
To M' Cadwell for charges in bringing mony 

out of Kent 04 03 06 



04 


00 


00 


16 


03 


01 


02 


00 


00 



1 Vide page 188, Bishopp. 

2 On Dec. ist, 1648, Charles was removed from Carisbrook to Hurst Castle, 
and on Dec. i6th, Col. Harrison, at the head of a large body of horse and 
dragoons, went to Hurst Castle to order his removal thence. 







191 


£ 


S. 


d. 


i8 


13 


10 


12 


04 


00 


07 


15 


02 


14 


04 


00 


06 


04 


00 


20 


17 


10 


10 


13 


00 


06 


08 


04 



15 


02 


04 


06 


12 


05 


03 


06 


08 


10 


00 


00 


02 


02 


04 


06 


II 


09 


09 


00 


00 


04 


05 


08 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To M*" Turner for coales etc. at the Mewes ... 
To Com. Phipps for carrieing Ammunicon etc. 
To M' Turner for a weekes coales for the Mewes 

To Capt. Joyce for severall charges 

To M*" Davis for Attendance 

To M"" Powell which he disburst for Qox\i\n%encies 
To M"" John Winter for medicines for Hull ... 
To M"* Winter for medicines for the trayne ... 
To Marshall Bannock for Linkes etc. for 

Whitehall 01 15 06 

To Col. Bridges for carrieing Ammunition to 

Coventry from Warwicke 
To M' Turner for coales at the Mewes 
To M"* Bret for proclayming proclamations 
To M"^ Sexby for QonXm^etuus which he laid out 
To M'' John Hill for riding post from Hurst castle 
To M** Turner for coales etc. at the Mewes ... 
To M*^ Hills printer for 5000 of the Agreement 
To Rich. Marshall Collermaker for worke 
To Major Scarth for charges [for] at Helmesley 

castle and charges at 55. per diem 27 00 00 

To Eliz. Bevey and Anne Lumley for present 

support 03 00 00 

E. Grosvener. J. B. 

1648. March. 

To James Barnard for severall disbursements ... 
To M*^ Turner for coales etc. at the Mewes . . . 

To M' Bret for 2 moneths pay 

To M^ Pancefoote for Capt. Packer for Contin- 

gencies for the Qommiiite of discoveryes ... 

To Capt. Breretons mddaw for releefe 

To M"" Turner for coales 

To L* Herbert for his losses by the Armyes 

falling into his quarters 20 00 00 

To Capt. Gates for conveying prisoners from 

Newcastle to London ... 50 00 00 

To Mary George for repamton of losses 2/. and 

to Dorothy Bright for her losse in West- 

minsier hall 2/. 04 00 00 



03 


09 


01 


06 


03 


02 


07 


07 


06 


50 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 


06 


02 


03 



£ 


S. 


d. 


OI 


00 


GO 


07 


00 


08 


50 


00 


GO 


05 


09 


08 


01 


03 


06 


12 


12 


GO 


05 


09 


08 



192 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To James Farmenton a souldier wounded in Kent 

To M"" Turner for coales etc 

To M"* Standish for extra service and expenses 

To M"" Turner for coales etc 

To M' Wheeler for pay etc. for the Committee 

of Exactions 

To M"^ Shambrooke which her husband disburst 

To M' Turner for coales etc 

To Major Rolphe for monyes disburst in the 

Isle of Wight 02 10 00 

To M^* Boyce in parte of her husband Capt. 

Boyces Arreares ... 10 00 00 

To Sarah Jenings for releefe 02 00 00 

To Col. Deanes Waggoner which he laid out in 

Wales 00 17 02 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 

1649. Aprill 1649. 

2. To M"" Mabbot for 6 moneths paie from the 



5. To M"" Charleton waggoner which he laid out 
in Wales 

To M"" Turner for Coales at the Mewes 

To M' Davis Tentkeep^r for 2 monethes pay... 

To M"" Bret for a moneths pay ending March 31 

To M"^ Paxton for pap^r etc. from May 12 1648 

9. To L* Browne for extra service 

10. To Marshall Generall Lawrence for Q,on\\Ti%encies 
12. To Col. Barkstead for Qon\xn%encies for Yarmouth 
14. To M' Turner for coales etc 

To 2 Chesterfeild men for releefe 

To M' Margaretts for extra service 

18. To M^ Turner for Coales 

23. To M"" Mathew Stoddart Carpenter for worke 
about the Trayne 

To M"* Bishop Blacksmith for worke 

More to him upon another bill 

To M*" Snow for covering of waggons 

To M'" Thom. Nash wheel[er] for worke 

To John Fishe for medicines before Pontefract 



50 05 06 



14 


05 


07 


03 


07 


08 


06 


00 


00 


03 


17 


06 


69 


00 


10 


OS 


00 


00 


38 


17 


06 


100 


00 


00 


01 


08 


10 


02 


00 


00 


36 


00 


00 


01 


15 


10 


32 


15 


09 


07 


02 


02 


09 


15 


00 


25 


02 


00 


17 


04 


08 


04 


05 


04 







193 


£ 


s. 


d. 


32 


08 


00 


OI 


09 


04 


OI 


17 


06 


03 


17 


06 


02 


10 


00 


03 


II 


00 


10 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNl'S. 

24. To M*" Streeter engineere for 81 daies pay for 

service at the Leaguer before Pontefract at 
%s. per diem 

25. To M"* Turner for coales etc 

26. To Edw. Smith for charges about the Ordinance 

at Pontefract 

30. To M"" Bret for a moneths pay 

To Seria«* Dendy for deale boardes 

To Col. Hewsons waggoner for disbursement ... 
To M"" George Franck for extra service 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 



May. 

To Anne Ayworth whose husband was wounded 

by souldyers 

To Rich. Marshall CoUermaker for worke 

To him for Branches bill 

To M"" Walford for extra service 

To Adiutant Genera// Bury for the horse guards 

To M' Fulford for extra service 

To L* Col. Rosewarme for his releefe 

To M' Turner for cleansing the pond at the 

Mewes 04 11 00 

To M' Mottershed for printing 3 rheames of the 

Generalls declaraton 

To the mdAow Shallaken for 

To M' Blunt for his wounds and losses 

To Col. Harrison which he laid out to Mr Sexby 

To M"" Mabbot for 46 daies pay in arreare to 

the 18*** instant 

To him for the Clarkes in the office 

To W" Wentworth whose daughter was shot by 

the souldyers 

To M' Stapleton for extra service 

To Hen. Boyse for extra service 

To M' Wragg which he disburst for severall 

things 

To M*" Yarwell which he disburst in 7**' 



05 


00 


00 


05 


05 


02 


02 


03 


04 


05 


00 


00 


04 


14 


08 


10 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 



03 


00 


00 


25 


08 


03 


10 


00 


00 


33 


00 


00 


12 


13 


00 


05 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


40 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


01 


00 


II 


02 


15 


06 



194 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



£ 



58 


13 


00 


14 


06 


00 


05 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


13 


00 


00 


04 


00 


00 



1649. June. 

I. To AdiuUw/ Genera// Sodasme for extr^ service 25 10 00 
To M"" Bret for a moneths pay ending May 31 03 17 06 
To M*^ Davis for 2 moneths pay ending May 31 06 04 00 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 

June. 

8. To M"^ Hatter upon Acco««t for Burford march [?] 550 00 00 
To Col. Twisseldon for pay and extra service 

of the souldyers in Belvoir castle 

1 o John Shepeard for Payles etc. for the trayne 
To Capt. Val. Hill for extra service 

9. To L' Cotterill for the like 

11. To L* Col. Goflfe for charges into the Isle of 

Wight 

12. To M*^ Norris for a shop at S' James 

15. To M"" Banister Apothecary in Oxford for phisicke 

for the souldyers ... ... ... ... 11 02 06 

To M"" Vivers for conveying orders from North- 

ampton to Warwicke... ... ... ... 50 00 00 

24. To John Olive knd 2 other frenchmen of Col. 

Scroope regiment .. 03 00 00 

21. To Capt Sanchy for soe much disbursed by 

him for Major Coleman Capt. White for 

their troopes when the Army came into 

London last 113 13 00 

9. To Capt. Walker of Col. Cookes regt. for extra 

expences 

26. To M" Hill by warrant 

28. To M"" Winter for medicaments 

To the Marshall upon his bill ... 

To Hen. Coop whbe discovered the ^Oxford plot 

May. 
9. To the widdow Ad wick for releefe 02 00 00 

29. To L* Gale for the guard that went with the 

Waggons from Portesmouth to Guilford ... 03 00 00 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 

1 In Aug., 1648, there was a plot among the soldieis at Oxford, to seize the 
place. It was soon suppressed. 



07 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


06 


II 


05 


12 


18 


09 


02 


00 


00 







19! 


£ 


s. 


d. 


o3 


15 


00 


02 


15 


00 


20 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

1649. July. 

2. To M*^ Bret for 30 dales pay ending July i .. 

3. To M"* Wragg for severall expences 

To Capt. Roger West in parte of his arreares .. 

5. To Quartermay/er Eborne and W"* Laicock for 

releefe 02 00 00 

7. To Quartermoj/er Millard for workes about the 

Trayne... ... ... ... .. ... 01 14 08 

12. To W'" dead for disbursements for the L' 

Generalls regt. waggons 01 08 04 

To Thorn. Chapman for worke about the Trayne 00 11 08 

10. To George Philliskicke for severall disburseme/rts 17 00 00 

13. To M*^ Pauncefoot for extra service 30 00 00 

14. To M' Stapleton for extra service 60 00 00 

To Capt Boyce in par/e of his arreares ... 10 00 00 

21. To the Master Wheelewright upon his bill ... 07 02 05 

24. To the Blacksmith upon his bill 06 09 08 

To the Farrier upon his bill 06 05 00 

29. To M"" Titan for bookes dispersed in the Army 03 16 00 

August. 

6. To M*^ Crewes which he laid out about the 

Waggons ... ... ... ... ... 02 02 02 

To M^ Bret for a moneths pay 03 17 06 

To M' Spittlehouse for the charges of the 

Marshall Generall 04 14 06 

To M' Davis for 2 moneths pay 06 02 00 

To M"" Fulford for writing orders etc. 08 09 00 

13. To Ellen Dan Eliz. Reynolds and M"^ English 

for disbursements etc. 02 16 06 

18. To L* Col. Kelsay for one Trooper wounded at 

Burford 

23. To Joseph Brookes Waggoner for disbursements 
To Hen. Cox for his release out of prison 

E. Grosvener. J. B. 

1649. Sept. 

I. To M' Bilton for extra service 10 00 00 

To M" Bushell for her husbands releefe ... 05 00 00 



03 


00 


00 


01 


01 


04 


05 


00 


00 



14. 



13- 

24. 

25- 

26. 



196 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To severall persons upon warr^«t 

To M' Smyth and the rest of the Marshalls 

men for extra service 

To M"* Payne for apprehending M*" Sommers... 
To M"" Ashley for cleansing the Greene Mewes 
To Peter Brookes which he disburst for guardes 

at Putney 

To L' Herbert for horses he lost 

To M*" Hatter which he disburst to severall 

persons 

To the mddows Dan Alkyn and Colt for service 

each 40s 

October. 

Thorn. Totney for dammage susteyned 

M' Turner for coales etc. for the Mewes ... 

M^ Bret for 2 moneths pay 

Rich. Marshall Collermaker for worke etc. 

John Robertes for extra service 

M" Boyce in parte of her husbands Arreares 

M' Pinches for extra service 

M"* Turner for Coales etc. at the Mewes ... 

W" Arrowsmyth for fetters etc 

M*" Davis for 2 moneths pay ending Oct. i 

M*" Turner for Coales etc 

the lady Cooch for releefe 

M" Garforth 

M"^ Turner for coales etc 



2. 


To 


8. 


To 




To 


9- 


To 


3- 


To 




To 




To 


16. 


To 


20. 


To 


22. 


To 


24. 


To 


31- 


To 




To 


3°- 


To 



£ 


s. 


d. 


06 


06 


06 


05 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


08 


05 


00 


02 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


05 


10 


00 


06 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


01 


19 


09 


07 


12 


06 


05 


01 


06 


10 


00 


00 


15 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


02 


13 


05 


01 


08 


10 


06 


04 


00 


01 


13 


02 


05 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


01 


13 


02 



J. B. 



E. Grosvener. 



1649. 



Nov. 



I. To M"" Fulford upon his bill and warrant 
3. To Maior Scarthe for 2 moneths pay at dis 
banding 

6. To Major Elton for extra service 
To M^ Turner for coales 

7. To Major Scarthe for fire and candle at Helmsley 
To M"" Hall for Waggons eta 

9. To M' Paxton for pap^r etc 

To L* GifTord and 31 troops by warrant 
To M"" Wynter for medicines 



09 10 06 

33 12 00 

03 00 00 

01 13 02 

12 12 00 

00 17 06 

55 04 10 

14 00 

15 



74 
07 



02 



15 


00 


00 


OI 


13 


02 


04 


00 


00 


01 


13 


02 


05 


00 


00 


20 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


01 


13 


02 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. I97 

£ S. d. 

To the Marshall General! for severall disburse- 
ments 10 10 06 

To M"^ Payne for dayly pay from June 12 to 

Nov. 9 at 2s, per diem 150 daies 

12. To M"* Turner for codes etc 

To U CoL Burrell and W A. Johnson 

20. To M"* Turner for coales etc 

27. To M*^ Lovet in Col. VVhaleys regt. for reparatons 
14. To Col. Sheffeild by order 

27. To M" Messervey and other gent of Jersey ... 
To M*^ Turner for coales etc 

28. To M"" Partridge and M' Whittington for remon- 

strances etc. delivered to the Army ... 43 04 06 

22. To M' Fr. Rush worth for keeping Armes at 

Northaw/ton 30 00 00 

27. To M' Loveioy for dayly pay from Nov. 26, 1648 36 10 00 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 

1649. Dec. 
I. To M' Partridge for bookes etc. 

3. To M"" Davis for a moneths pay ending Nov. 30 

4. To M"* Turner for Coales etc 

6. To Comet Tyringham for extra service 

II. To M' Turner for coales etc 

14. To Maior Barber which he disburst for Waggons 

etc 

8. To John Robertes for extra service 

20. To George Philliskicke for the lady Cooch etc. 

24. To M"" Turner for coales etc 

To M" Boyce in parte of her husbands arreares 
8. To Rich. Clarke Porter for a badge 

29. To George Philliskicke for L^ Col. Skipwith etc. 

J. B. E. Grosvener. 

According to your Exc^//<?«cies Order of the 24'** of June wee 
have p^msed this Account, and M"" Clarke hath produced before us 
the severall Warrants under your Exc^iZf/fcies hand for the respective 
sommes heerin specified and the Receipts theruppon w^ch wee 
submitt unto your Excellency for Approbation and allowance therof. 

E. Grosvener. 

Jo. Barkstead. 

Jo. Rush worth. 



42 


17 


II 


06 


02 


00 


01 


13 


02 


05 


00 


00 


01 


13 


10 


II 


II 


10 


02 


00 


00 


08 


00 


00 


03 


03 


08 


10 


00 


00 


03 


00 


00 


12 


00 


00 



igS SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



An Acco««t of moneys disbursed for Contingencies from 
Jan. I 1648 to Jan. i 1649. 

B 3. 1648. January. j£ s, d, 

6, To severall poore souldyers at Whitehall ... 00 07 00 
II. To M"^ Cadwell for charges in receiving monyes 

upon the Armyes march into London 01 10 06 
To Thom. Honyburne whoe was wounded in 

the service ... ... ... ... ... 00 10 00 

To one Bayly a poore souldyer .. 00 02 06 

Feb. 

3. To M"^ Payne for Candles for the Councell ... 00 16 06 

To him more for journyes ... ... ... 09 05 00 

5. To Eliz. Parnell a L*'' wife whose husband died 

in the service... ... ... ... ... 00 05 00 

9. To M' Yarwell which he disburst to severall 

souldyers 00 08 00 

21. To Capt. Eyton for Journyes ... ... ... 02 00 00 

March. 

To the lady Beamont and others whoe rec^V'^d 

losses by souldyers 

31. To M' Patrick and others for releefe 

For charges for 500' received in London 

To M*^ Cadwell for Journyes and dayly pay .. 

E. Grosvener. 

Aprill. 

7. To M' Heath for Journyes and dayly pay ... 18 02 00 
To the Post for leUrts severall tymes ... ... 00 05 00 

14. To Anne Meacock whoe cured the souldyers at 

Banbury and other poore women 00 10 00 

18. To Ralph Ash ton a souldyer in Holland for 

releefe 00 10 00 

To one for the debt of Capt. Craford lately a 

member of the Army 00 12 00 

To another poore souldyer ,, 00 02 00 



01 


15 


00 


OT 


05 


00 


00 


12 


00 


80 


16 


00 







199 


£ 


s. 


d. 


lO 


09 


06 


OI 


04 


06 


oo 


05 


00 


23 


09 


06 


04 


06 


00 


56 


17 


06 


26 


06 


06 


00 


II 


00 


23 


00 


00 


01 


00 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

May. 

12. To M"" Watts for Joumyes 

To Bryon Griffith Bridget Bowell Lament Scot 
and other poore women whose husbands were 

in the service 

To Jacob Angalo a poore souldycr his wife ... 
22. To L' Browne for Joumyes 

June. 
5. To M*^ Robertes for Joumyes 

July. 
To M*" Cadwell for Journyes and dayly pay ... 
To M' Heath for Joumyes and dayly pay 

To the Smith for Irons for prisoners 

To M"* Payne for Joumyes 
To M"^ Lloyde for severall disbursements 
E. Grosvener. 



Aug. 

I. To U Browne upon his bill 09 03 00 

To George Robertes for 10 Quire of orders 

against Free quarters 00 10 00 

September. 
To M"* Chapman for the orders conceming 

Parkes 00 12 00 

November. 

23. To L* Browne for Journyes 02 10 00 

26. To M' Cadwell for Journyes and dayly pay ... 64 06 06 
To M' Heath for Joumyes and dayly pay ... 47 13 06 
E. Grosvener. 

According to your ^xoellencxes Order of the 24*** of June wee 
have Examined this Account and doe finde there are Receipts as to 
the greatest sommes therin menconed, and for the lesser sommes 
many of them being very inconsiderable and paid out uppon severall 
occasions when acquittances could nott conveniently bee had, wee 
doe humbly recommend them to your 'Excellency for your Appro- 
bation and Allowance. 

E. Grosvener. 

Jo. Barkstead. 

Jo. Rush worth. 



200 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



An Account of monyes disbursed for Contingencyes from 
Jan. 1 1649 to July 1650. 



1649-50. 4A. January. 

3. To M*^ Asheley for keeping the Greene Mewes 



9- 
10. 

3- 



14. 



21. 



30. 



To M*" Playford for printing severall orders ... 

To M*^ Turner for Coales etc 

To George Philliskicke which he disbursed for 

severall 

Disbursed to severall persons from Sept. 6 and 

allowed ... 

To M' Crewes for horse meat at Hampton Corte 
To M' Mosse. for monyes disbursed and extra 

service 

To M"" Turner for Coales etc 

To M"^ Bret for 123 dales pay to Feb. i 

To M*" Jefferies for releefe of Capt. Rudgeley .. 

To M'^ Allington which he disbursed to M"" 

Mosse when he was in the North 



03 00 00 

02 05 00 

03 01 08 

03 00 00 

12 II 06 

00 19 10 

19 10 00 

03 07 08 

15 07 06 

02 00 00 

30 00 00 



Feb. 

1. To the Marshall Generall etc. for the prisoners etc. 20 04 09 
To M"" Davis for dayly pay from the i of Dec. 

to the 12 of Feb 06 04 00 

2. To M*" Charleton for Col. Prydes waggons ... 01 04 06 

4. To M"^ Turner for Coales etc 03 07 08 

6. To M^ Fulford for writing and attendance ... 07 17 06 

18. To M"^ Turner for Coales 03 07 08 

To M" Mary Hambleton in great distresse ... 01 00 00 

25. To M*^ Susan Bowen for special service ... 10 00 00 

21. To Capt. Baldwin for an horse he lost 05 00 00 

E. Grosvener. Jo. Barkstead. 



1649. March. 

4. To M*" Turner for Coales etc 

To M' Meade for L' Streater 

To M"* Bushell 2\ to M"^ Raymond for extra 
service 4', and to M'" Powell for severall 
disbursements 3^ 



03 07 08 
03 00 00 



09 00 00 







20T 


£ 


S. 


d. 


02 


05 


00 


03 


07 


08 



46 


12 


00 


14 


05 


00 


03 


07 


08 


07 


07 


06 


01 


16 


00 


00 


12 


00 


07 


II 


00 


05 


01 


09 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

14. To M' Crewe for the Trayne horses 

18. To M' Turner for Coales 

25. To the widdow Lacock in parte of her husbands 

Arreares 5* and to M" Lumley 5* 10 00 00 

To Capt Hobson for pay and disbursements at 

Mackstock castle 

Disburst to severall persons by warr/7«t 

AprilL 

1. To M*^ Turner for Coales etc 

2. To M*" Bret for 59 daies pay at 2s, 6d, per diem 

4. To M' Crewes for the draught horses 

5. To M*" Turner for Coales etc 

6. To M"" Davis for dayly pay etc. 

16. To M' Wynter for Medicines etc 

19. To Col. Heane for charges about Gardner etc. 

2* and to John Robertes for Joumyes 2^ ... 04 00 00 
30. To M' Loveioy which he disburst about the 

Waggons 02 

To M' Ashley for cleansing the Mewes ... 03 

To the ^Judge Advocate for pap^r and other 

charges 60 

To M' Heart the Marshalls man for prisoners etc. 10 

E. Grosvener. J. B. 

May. 

2. To M"" Turner for Coales etc 

To M' Fulford for writing orders etc 

5. To M*" Bret for a moneths pay ending Aprill 30 

13. To M' Crewes for 43 daies pay as Tentkeep^ etc. 
To Capt. Lloid for an horse he lost in the 

service 

14. To M' Tompson for Chaines etc. 

15. To M"" Griffing for printing the oathes and 

bonds etc. 08 12 00 

29. To Major Wilkes which he disburst for carriage 

of Ammunition etc 01 04 00 



19 


04 


15 


00 


00 


00 


07 


06 



06 


10 


08 


06 


19 


08 


03 


15 


00 


04 


06 


00 


20 


00 


00 


06 


16 


00 



*The Judge Advocate to the army was an officer "skilled in the civil, 
municipal and martial laws: his office was to assist the marshall or general in 
doubtful cases,'* and his pay was 15^. a day. Grose ^ I. 

N 



202 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



/ 



29 


10 


08 


03 


17 


06 


20 


00 


00 



June. 

4. To M*" Breedon which M^ Lloide high Constable 

of Westminster disbursed for fire Candle etc. 

To M'^ Bret for a moneths pay ending May 31 

6. To M"^ Fulford for extra service 

10. To Adiutant Generall Sydenham which he dis- 

burst for [d/ank] of Garrisons ... ... 03 00 00 

To Quartermaster Generall Grovcner w'n/ch he 

disburst in the publique service 12 00 00 

15. To M"^ Smyth who was wounded in the service 03 00 00 
18. To Ant. Newen for postage from Maryborough 

and backe 03 00 03 

Disbursed to severall persons from March 25 to 

June 24 ... . ... ... ... 29 09 06 

24. To M*" Thompson of Colchester 2\ To M*" 

Rossiter to whoe was maimed by a 
souldyer of the Army and to 
10. To M"^ Crewes for Attendance etc. ... ... 03 00 00 

To M'^ Paxton for paper etc. from Nov. 5 ... 88 08 02 
23. To S** John Hippesley for hay of the Troopers 

at Hampton Court ... ... ... ... 12 00 00 

E. Grosvener. J. B. 

1650. June. 

25. To M** Ashley for keeping the Mewes... ... 03 05 00 

To M"" Gerard for losses of severall of the 

Commissary of Musters 
To M** Fulford for severall services 
To W*" King for attendance 5^ M"" Rop for dis- 
bursements 2^ 13" 4*^ to W*" Dugdale 6' 

26. To M*" Loveioy for 213 daies pay at 2s. per diem 

E. Grosvener. J. B. 

According to your Exc^/Z^wcies Order of the 24^ of June wee 
have perused this Account, and M"" Clarke hath produced before us 
the severall Warrants under your Exc^//f«cies hand for the respective 
sommes heerin specified and the Receipts theruppon, which wee 
submitt to your Exce//ency for Approbation and Allowance. 

E. Grosvener. 

Jo. Barkstead. 

Jo. Rushworth. 



140 


00 


00 


II 


08 


03 


13 


13 


04 


21 


06 


00 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 203 

ACCOUNTS OF THE WORKS BEFORE COLCHESTER, 
June i8, 1648, to Aug. 27, 1648. 

These accounts, unlike the others, are for a definite object, and 
though in the majority of cases a name is the only entry, presumably 
the payment is for digging or other work in the entrenchments. 
The total sum paid is about £1,6^^, and that would be only a very 
small part of the cost of the siege. 

The siege of Colchester was one of the most severe of the whole 
war, and lasted from June 14th to Aug. 28th, 1648. It was a develop- 
ment of the formidable Royalist rising in Kent and Essex in the 
spring of 1648. The Royalists on their way into Norfolk and Suffolk 
turned aside into Colchester, hoping to get recruits there. They had 
not counted on Fairfax's rapid pursuit from his headquarters in 
London, and when on June 12th he appeared with 5,000 men they 
were obliged to make hasty preparations for defence. The town was 
ill-fitted to stand a siege, and the 4,000 Royalist troops were most of 
them newly levied and ill-armed, but after a repulse on June 14th, 
Fairfax realized that a long siege was inevitable, and busied himself 
with raising forts to completely isolate the town. On July 2nd the 
work of circumvallation was finished, and though meeting with fierce 
resistance, Fairfax gained post after post. Early in August famine 
added to the misery of the besieged, and never more than half-hearted 
in their reception of the Royalists, the citizens began to clamour for 
surrender. 

On Aug. 19th, Norwich, the Royalist leader, asked for terms; 
negotiations went on for some days, and finally on Aug. 28th, Fairfax 
occupied the town. Three of the Royalist leaders were shot, and the 
soldiers were sent to labour in the West Indies, or to enforced 
military service under the Venetian Republic. The townsmen were 
made to pay a heavy fine. For an account, and a very interesting 
map of the siege of Colchester, see Gardiner, III, 400. 



An Accompt of Monies Disbursed out of Contingencies for 
THE Carrying on the THE(x/r) workes before Colchester 
in the veare 1648. 

June. £ X. d. 

18. To Ensign Nutt of Col. Engoldbies Regiment 

for worke done 01 00 00 

More to him 00 12 00 



oo 


lO 


00 


OI 


OS 


00 


oo 


17 


00 


oo 


12 


06 


oo 


15 


00 


oo 


00 


08 



204 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Edw. More Serg^ for work done by Maior 

Mills Company 

To Consolation Fox for work done 

To Jo. Smith 

To Rich. Honywood 

To Charles Massie 

More to him for digging 

To John Davis for worke done by Cap* 

Scrimptons Company 01 01 00 

To L' W™ Ducket for 6 files of Col. Ingoldesbys 

men ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 09 00 

To Jo. Davis for worke of Cap* Grimes ... 00 10 00 

To Cha. Massey for more worke done by C. Gs 

men 00 05 00 

To Tho. Andrews for worke done by Col. Evers 

Regiment 

To him more 

19. To Ensign Fogg for work done by Cap' Foggs 

Company 

More to him 

More to John Underbill 

To Tho. Allen for worke done by ^Matrosses... 
More to him 

20. To T. Turner for work done by CoL Ewers men 

21. To Thom. Clarke 

More to him 

To John Sheppard 

E. Grosvener. 

21. To W" Howes 

More to Jo. Sheppard 

To Jo. Stone for worke done by Cap' Grimes 

Company ... ... ... ... ... ... 080 

22. To Cap' Overstreet for worke done by Colonell 

Necdhams Regim^wt i 17 o 

23. To Jo. Sheppard for worke done 040 

To Tho. Allen 3 5 o 

^ One of the soldiers in a train of artillery. A gun's crew consisted of a 
gunner, a mate or matross, and an odd man. The matross helped to clean, fire 
and sponge the gun. 



00 


18 


00 


01 


00 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


07 


06 


00 


08 


00 


00 


08 


00 


01 


00 


00 


01 


01 


00 


00 


07 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


01 


06 




£ s 


d. 




12 


, , 


« 


; 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

25. To Henry Wilson for worke done by Cap* Grimes 

Soldiers 

To John Gilford for worke done 
To John Paremaine for worke done 

26. To Joseph Dickison for worke done 

To George Frost 

To Cha. Massey 

To Cap' Humphryes 

To Rich. Bourne 

27. To Robert Blower for worke done 
To Nath. Shed for Brome ... 
To John Borroughes for worke done 

28. To Tho. Forrester one of the Conducters of the 

Trenches for work done ... 
To Enstgn Harridge for worke done 
To Jo. Paremayne 
To John Terry... 
To Jo. Dickson .. 
To Tho. Rivers 
To Jo. Curtis ... 

To Col. Barkestead for worke done by his men 
To Lieuten' Scudamore 
To John Linett 
To Roger Diers 
To Mich. Wright 
To Rich. Guildford .. 
To John Terry and his Company for worke 

To Rich. Mills 

E. Grosvener. 



205 
£ s. d. 



I 10 

o IS 
o 



o 10 



o 18 
o 10 



10 

7 



o 18 

O 12 

o 18 

6 

1 7 
o 19 



28. 



19. 



27. 



To Michaell Adams 

To Edw. Markham 

To Steph. Rogers 

To John Spencer 

To Cap* Domey 

To L' Duckett for worke done — in severall Bills 

To Cap' Humphryes for worke done 

More 

To Cap* Domey 

To Cap' Ducket for 2 severall times worke done 
To Tho. Allison 



o 4 
o 6 
o 8 
o 12 
4 7 



9 
9 

o 

5 
I 



1 15 



2o6 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Nich. Dollyn for bringing L^//res from London 

To Cap' Dorney for worke done by Colonell Barke 
steads Regimer//t (severall Bills) 

To Thomas Home for worke done ... 

To Tho. Allen for cutting broome 

30. To Maior Wilkes for worke done 

To Gasper Clarke for worke done ... 

To Cap^ Miller for worke done (3 Bills) ... 
July I. To W™ Demonstable and his Company 

To Giles Spicer and his Company ... 

To Randall Kettle and his Company 

To Tho. Dent and his Company for work done .. 

To Rich. Wright and his Company for worke done 

To Tho. Smith and his Company for work done .. 

To Col. Fothergill upon Account for worke done by 
his Company 

To Tho. Allen for worke done 

To Cap' Humphryes for worke done 

To him more 

To Ensigne Tew for worke done ... 

To John Baynes for worke done 

To Cap* Miller for worke done upon 4 notes 

To Cap' Miller for severall Bills 

E. Grosvener. 



£ 5. d. 
I 10 o 



4 4 
o 10 
o 10 
o 10 



16 

7 



I 

5 

4 o 
3 10 
I o 



5 

10 
10 



20 o 
2 o 

1 18 

O 12 

2 5 
o 12 

4 15 
9 18 



6 
o 
o 
6 
o 
6 
6 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 

o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



July 3. To Tho. Flower for worke done 

To John Styles and his Company for worke done 

To Jo. Emett and his Company 

To Hen. Wilson and his Company ... 
To John Stone and his Company ... 

To Rob* More and his Company 

To Th. Taylor for making shot etc 

To Col. Whalley upon Account for the workes on 

Suffolke side 

To Cap* Humphryes upon severall Bills 

4. To Serg' Clarke for 2 Rodde 

To him more for 3 Rodde 

To Thorn. Harding for removing a dead horse 
To him more for 3 Roddes of worke 

To Cap' Miller for 8 Bills 

To him more for 10 Rodde ... 



o 
o 
o 
o 

I 
o 
2 

3 
o 
o 
o 
o 

5 
2 



18 

12 

6 

12 

4 
12 

15 

o 
18 
12 
18 

9 
12 

17 

I 



o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 

o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 

4 
o 



July 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 




207 




£ 


X. 


d. 


To him more for one Rodde 





4 





To Jo. Goodall for 2 Rodde and halfe ... 


I 


2 





To W™ Judge for one Rodde 3 Foot 





8 





To Rob*^ Coleman one Rodde 





4 





To Patrick Camfield one Rodd 





7 





To W"^ Rowles one Rodde 





6 





To the Controller for moneys expended by hhn . 


2 


16 


6 


To Tho. Fosbury for worke done 


I 


5 





To Theophilus Gipson 2 Roddes 





14 





To Rowl. Harwich 


I 


10 





To John Miles 2 Rodde and a half 


I 


2 


6 


To Cha. Massey 3 Rodde 





18 





To Tho. Rigley one Rodde 





6 





To Jeremy Blackwell for powder 


6 








To Ensigne Andrews for a pan:ell of work 





13 





More to him 





16 





More to him 





4 





E. Grosvener. 








6. To W*" Osburne for worke done 





4 





To W™ Rolles for 4 Rooddes 





16 





To him more 


I 


4 





To Tho. Taylor 





7 


6 


To Tho. Allen 


I 


8 





To Tho. Overbury 





14 





To Rich. Wilson 





8 





To Theo. Gibson 





6 





To John Goodall 





12 





To Geo. Fleming 





8 





To Tho. Home 





14 





To S/q)hen Pickhaver 





15 





To Cap* Jo. Miller for 9 Bills 


4 


14 


6 


To Ciprian Windle 





6 





To Jo. Sterne 





8 





To Rich. Taylor 





9 





To Maior Westhorp for Col. Fothergils Regt. 


20 








To Rob' How for private intelligence 





5 





To James Sadler 





16 





To Sam Spareman 





15 


9 


To W" Warren 


I 








To Tho. Burton 


I 









to beare their charge 



208 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Humphrey Johnson 

To a Spy out of Colchester for InteWigence... 
To Thomas Tent 

To Rich. Grey 

To Edwin Harris 
To Nich. Humphreys ... 
To 2 seamen taken prisoners 
to the Frigett 

To John Ford 

To Jasper Clarke 
To Tho. Bithell 
To John Wilsmore 
To Rob' Blower 
To Henry Frye 

E. Grosvener. 



July 



7. To Anth. Turner ... 




To Jo. Warde 




To Nich. Trovall 




To Jo. Warde 




To W"»Trescot 




To Hen. Offley 




To W«» Stallage 




To Rob* Walker 




To Anth. Tucker 




To Thomas Simpson ... 




To Cap' Jo. Miller 




To him more 




To W"» KeisaU 




To Edw. Finch 




To Geo. Springet 




To Nich. Trovell 




To Jo. Kirby 




To W" Jakes 




To W"» Beare 




To Rob' Wills 




To Alben Hanchen ... 




To W^Cranford 




To him more 




To Joseph Hughes 




To George Scorer 





£ 


s. 


d. 


I 


4 








10 








6 





I 


8 








4 








9 








2 








9 








10 








3 








12 








10 








5 








10 








12 








18 





4 


14 








18 








10 








18 








17 








18 








5 





6 


19 





I 











14 








15 








12 








12 





I 


6 








13 








12 








5 








8 








10 








4 








10 








12 






SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 




209 


£ s, d. 


To Joseph Bennet 




19 


To Thomas Allen 








2 15 


To him more 








10 


To John Parker 








I 12 


To Giles Hughes 








080 


To Sylvester Heather ... 








080 


To Hen. Pryer 








140 


To Anth. Turner 








080 


To Rich. Morgan 








080 


To Jo. Holdsworth 








10 


To John Miller 








10 


To Rob* Smith 








12 


To Nich. Humphryes ... 








12 


To Tho. Burrows 








II 


To Rob^ Guard 








050 


E. Grosvener. 


July 9. To John Newham 




IS 


To Stephen Pickhaver... 








040 


To Hen. Hall 








I 10 


To Theoph. Gipson ... 








026 


To John Person 








i8[?]6 


To Jeremy Hunt 








12 


To W™Rowles 








16 


To Rob^Tredder 








10 


To Rob* Barnes 








080 


To John Haslewood ... 








080 


To Thomas Levit 








10 


To Henry Slade 








16 


To him more 








14 


To Rich. Payne 








080 


To W» Churches 








080 


To Rich. Judge 








080 


To John Smith 








080 


To John Beckham 








10 


To W» Sherwood 








080 


To Tho. Fosbury 








140 


To Tho. Dudley 








080 


To W» Harris 








080 


To John Crabb 








2 5 



2IO SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

9. To Jonathan Newell to be disposed of by him for 

the worke on Suffolke side 

To Tho. Fosbury for worke done 

To Tho. Mathew for viewing worke done ... 

To Cap* Groome for worke done by divers of Col 

Barkesteads Regimt. 

E. Grosvener. 



d. 



20 








6 


• 3 

1. 


19 


20 


2 





To Roger Fins for worke done 







4 




To Rob*^ Walker 


I 


16 




To M^John Streeter for Outservices 


5 





II. 


To Jonathan Newill for ConU'nqenaes for Col. Whalle> 


' 10 







To M^ Thomas Allen for worke done 


2 


18 




More to him 


5 


18 




To Tho. Overbury for worke done about the Traint 


J 1 


4 




To Nich. Burbitch ... 





12 




To John Hill 







18 




To Rob' Huit 







5 


* 


To Cap* Groome upon severall bills.. 




13 


5 




To Tho. Swift for worke done 







10 




To Edward Gilford 







6 




To John Goodale 




I 


3 


10. 


To Ralph Plott for worke done 







4 


12. 


To Robert Kirkby 







14 




To Math. Bush 







12 




To Thomas Hosebury 




I 


12 


July 


1 0. To M*- Jonath. Newell 




20 







To Edw. Barrow 




I 


3 




To Nich. Trownell 







16 




To Tho. Davis upon 2 Notes 







9 




To W°> Jonson 







6 




To Eward Hart 







6 




To Tho. Wisedome 







6 




To Jo. Reeve 







12 


12. 


To Nich. Umphrey 







12 




To John Owens 







9 




To Geo. Darnell 







4 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



To Tho. Valentine 
To Lawrence Wood 
To Rich. Curtis 
To Stephen Pickaker 
To John Wisedome 



E. Grosvener. 



12. To Patrick Calfield 

To W" Deverell 

To John Russell 

To Tho. Burse . . . 

More to him ... 
12. To Thomas Hitchcocke 

To Rich. Wilson 

To John Lucas 

To Edward Gilbert 

To Rich. Brodyer 

More to him ... 

To Francis K' ... 

12. To Jo" Newham 
To Jo. Davis ... 
To Tho. Hitchcocke 
I'o W™ W°» Osbume 
To Tho. Russell 

13. To John Brown for worke done 
To John Kelsay 
To Tho. Warde 
To Philip Dyer 
To Jo" Martin ... 
To Jo" Dud ... 
To Hen. Bonds 
To Sam. RoUes 
To W"* Bright ... 
To Joseph Bennet 
To Roger Sutton 
To John Brown 
To Tho. Levit 
To John Davis... 
To Abr. Barber 
To Geo. Scorer... 





211 


£ 


J. 


d. 





6 








6 








12 





I 


4 








18 








15 








6 








14 








18 








18 








12 








6 








12 








6 








6 


6 





6 





I 


4 








12 





I 


4 








10 


6 





6 








7 








7 








14 








16 








12 








14 








18 








4 








8 








9 








S 








2 


6 





9 








7 








14 








16 








16 






E. Grosvener. 



212 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



July 13. To Henry Prayer for worke done 


To John Downton 


... 


To Alban Hanshaw ... 




To Rich. Hacks 




To Edw. Singleton 


... 


To W«» Densell 


... 


To W"» Walter 




To John Holdsworth ... 


... 


To Rob'Sybbott 




To Abr. Lucas 


... 


To Allen Farrison 


... 


To Edward Jordan 




To Thomas Berry 


... 


To Nich. Trownell 


... 


To John Kelsey 




To John Goslin 


... 


To Rob* Bemt 


... 


To Nath. Richelson ... 


... 


To W" Ingram 


... 


To W" Shearing 




To John Huet 


... 


To Rob^ Kates 


... 


To James Miller 




To Hen. Poyer 




To Mich. Williams 


... 


To Thomas Cattaway ... 


... 


To Dennis Allen 


... 


To Dallison Greenham 


... 


To Rob^ White 


... 


For Bowes and Arrowes 


at London 


To Thomas Fosbury ... 


... 


To Cap^ Groome upon Severall Bills 


To Andrew Grey 




To Jo" Mayne 




To Tho. Allen 




To Ambrose Ever 




To Edw. Jude 




To Edw. Billert 




E. 


Grosvener. 



£ 


s. 





16 





16 


I 


10 





8 





8 





8 





16 





16 





8 





16 





16 





10 





16 


I 


4 


I 








8 





8 





8 





8 





8 





4 


I 


10 





12 





16 





10 





8 





18 


I 








13 


I 





I 


19 


7 


5 


I 


4 





8 


2 


5 





12 





15 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

July 17^. To Antho. Pigeon for worke done 
To Ben. Stephen 
To Rob* Strange 
To W™ Watlington 
To Jo. Enny 
To M' Newell to be disposd to the soldiers on 

SufFolke side 
To Hamlet Taylor for throwing Granadoes against 

the Gate howse ... 
To 2 Soldiers for burying a horse 
To Thom. Bates for 2 Granadoes at the Gatehouse 
To Roger Sutton 
To John Smith 
To Cap* Thomas Mathews for overseeing 206 Rodds 

at 3** a Rodde 
To him more for worke done ... 
To John Beckham 
To Christopher Holmes 
To Rob* Green 
18. To Anth. Forrix 
To Wn>Harren 
To Hen. Frayeren 
To John Webb 

To Math. Stoddart for Carpenders worke 
To Rob' Hayes 

ToW^Sellard 

To John Fotheigill ... 

To Sam. Wilkes 

More 

To Allin Harrison 

To Jo° Home 

To Tho. Wyatt 

To Jo. Pritchet 

More 

To David Pritchet 

E. Grosvener. 



£ 
o 
o 
o 
I 
I 



213 

J. d, 

4 o 



6 

4 
o 

5 



2 
o 
o 
o 18 

O 12 



II 

5 
6 



12 

1 O 

8 17 
I 5 



o 10 
o 16 



30 o o 

050 
030 
050 
040 
o 10 o 



6 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
6 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



July 18. To Thomas Scott... 
To John Goslin 
To Lieuten' Tho. Jones 
More to him... 



16 o 
120 

1 5 o 
o 15 o 



214 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Math. Heard 

To Anth. Keeping 

To John Barker 

To Edw. Jude 

To Adi. Gen. Bury for moneys disburse// for cutting 

hedges etc. 
To John Rolph 
To Jo" Bullock 
19. To M'- Hatter for Charles Scott 
To John Holdsworth ... 
To John Bettes 
To W*" Badue 
To Edw. Gootch and his Company for barricading 

the wall at the Gatehouse ... 
To the worke men on Sufifolke side at the Generalls 

being there 



To George Riggs for worke done 


To John Smith 




To John Lowe 




To Leo. Leale 




To James Stonson 




To John Todd 




To Anth. Rippon 




To Anth. Wallis 




To John Hall 




] 


E. Grosvener. 


July 20. To George Rigges 


for worke done 


To Jo. Lake ... 




To Rich. Gostlih 






To Jo. Kirby 






To Tho. Burton 






To Walter Hater 






To W"* Croten 






To John Todd 






To John Honniton 






To Abraham Lucas 






To John Symmons 






To Tho. Forrester 






To Peter Morey 






To W»" Symons 







£ 


s. 


d. 





10 








6 





I 


16 








2 





I 


12 


6 


2 


5 





I 








I 


4 








12 








6 





I 









15 

2 10 

1 3 

2 6 

6 
2 17 

1 3 
I o 



I 10 
I o 

O 12 

O 12 

4 

1 o 

10 

1 4 

12 

1 O 

4 

1 2 
I O 

o 6 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS, 

To M"" Payne for fireworkes at Ipswich 

To Sam Hartley for worke done 

To Tho. Day 

To Tho. Barton 

To Hen. Bolton 

To Christopher Baldwin 

To Jo. Wilmore 

To Christopher Maule... 

To Nich. Triveale 

To Jo. Higgs 

To Thomas Lison 

To Rob' Norris 

To Rich. Nealer 

To Leo. Wilson 

To John Sympson 

To Rich. Hutchison for worke done 

To W" Wilson 

To George Holland 

To W" Fitch 

To Hen. Wright 

To James Pigget 

To John Webb 

To Geo. Riggs 

To Andrew Squibb 

E. Grosvener. 

July 22. To Col. Barkstead w^/ch he laid out 

To Rich. Gill etc. for Lead 

To Abr. Barber 

To Tho. Bale 

To Tho. Twidall 
23. To Maior Biscoe for 33 men who stormd the 
Gatehouse 

To Zachary Flood for worke done 

To Hen. Haukes 

To Geo. Frost 

To Anth. Olive 

To Peter Penton 

To Thomas Asaph 

To Humphrye Mannings 

To w™ Williams 



215 


£ s^ 


d. 


4 7 


1 1 


6 





. 7 





12 


6 


I 3 





6 





I 15 





4 





10 





12 





10 





I 





18 





12 





I 





I 10 





I I 





16 





10 





16 





12 





I 





2 10 





I 10 





. 6 15 





1 





2 10 





I 





4 





4 2 


6 


I 4 





10 





16 





I 10 





2 


6 


18 





4 





18 


9 



2l6 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To W« Clarke 
To John Smyth 
To W°> Mathews 
To Tho. Griffin 
To John Street 
24. To W™ Ingram 
To Francis Rogers 
To Tho. Ramsbury ... 
To W« Whitehead 
To Jo. Williams 
To John Andrews 
To John Wilkinson 
To Thomas Kelby 
To Hen. Haines 
To W*" Sowert 
To Thomas Bedge 
To Thomas Holden ... 
To John Newham 
To John Constable 
More to him... 
To Christopher Maiden 
To M'^ Jo. Newell for worke on SufFolke side 
To M' Yarwell which he laid out by the Generalls 
Comand 

E. Grosvener. 



£ 


s. 


I 


16 


I 


5 





16 


I 


5 


I 


15 


I 


10 


I 


12 





5 





16 


I 


10 


I 


5 





17 





17 


I 


2 


I 








II 





14 





18 





S 





6 





16 


^0 






24. 



25- 



To Rob^ Hearing 

To W°» Watlington 

To W" Williams 

To Col. Ewers w^ch he laid out for a Gunner by 

the Generalls Comand 
To Edward Cox for worke done 
To W" King... 

To Lane. Burt for entertaining Drummers 
To Abr. Barber 

To Jo. Hardwell and Rich. Clark for Granadoes 
To Rob*Blore 

To John Blake for work done ... 
To Tho. Halfpeny 
To Nich. Bradley 
To Nich. Rawlen 






18 


9 


3 


13 


9 


I 


5 





01 








I 


2 





I 











II 








16 








5 








15 





I 


4 





I 











10 





I 


I 






SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 




217 




£ 


s. 


^. 


To John Smith 





16 





To Rob* Tredwell 


I 


6 





To Geo. Holland 





15 





To W" Bush 





15 





To John Higgs 





2 


6 


To Sam Beere 


6 


3 


6 


To Hen. Haines 


I 


5 





To Jo. Mathelman for burying a Cavaleer 





8 





To Jo. Forrester for viewing the workes ... 


I 


2 


8 


More to him for work done by Jo. Gasse etc. 





17 





To W" Ingram for worke done... 


I 


4 





To Tho. Bursea for worke done 





16 





To Rich. Coe Trumpeter for going w/th severall 






Messagges in to Colchester... 


• 3 








To M' Brett for severall messages into the towne 


• 5 








E. Grosvener. 








July 26. To John Andrews for work done ... 





18 





To Rob'Klegg 


I 


10 





To John Newam 


I 


10 





To John Gosly 


I 


5 


6 


To Tho. Allen 


2 


14 


6 


To Tho. Burton 


I 


10 





To Tho. Foster 


I 








27. To Tho. Taylor etc for 200**^ weight of Musket Bull 


et 2 








To Christopher Alderman for 700"^ weight of Lej 


Id 3 


17 





To W™ Jakes for worke done ... 





17 





To one for shotting the Arrows 





2 


6 


To Tho Wyatt for worke done... 





18 





To Rich. Brookes 





8 





To John Hamton 


I 


4 





ToW^Lide 





18 





To M"^ Newell for the work on Suffo/k side 


.. 40 








To James Pasewell for worke done 


I 


13 





To Percy Cooper [for worke done] 





7 





To M' Stoddart for monies laid out by him 


6 


19 


7 


To Abraham Hilliard for Lead... 





12 





28. To Tho. Ally for worke done ... 





8 





To Robert Blore 





6 





To Tho. Treharne 





15 





To Tho. Church 


I 









2l8 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS, 



To Hen. Hughes 
To Abr. Barber 
To Tho. Burra 
To Jo. Smyth 
To John Winter 
To John Newam 
To Thomas Kelly 
To W" Addams 
To John Lissen 



E. Grosvener. 



To Geo. Hill... 
To Rich. Neeler 
To Tho. Burton 
To Francis Palus 
To Zachary Wood 
To Anth. Tucker 
To Andrew Squibb 
To John Pritchet 
To Humphry David 
To George Bradon 
To W™ Church 
To Rich. Chaplin 
To Barth. Mersh 
To W» Parker 
To Josias White 
To Rich. PuUin 
To W«» Watlington 
To Edw. Coate 
To W" Lord... 
To Hen. Bauden 
July 29. To W" Mill for worke done 
To Hen. Bonney 
To W"" Whitehead for 
To John Andrews 
To AUin Farrison 
To W" Farrington 
To Daniel 1 Knocker 
To Philip Dyer 
To John Bucknell 
To John Coret 



raismg a 



Battery 



£ 


s. 


f/. 





8 








16 





2 


4 








16 








12 








6 








8 





3 











8 








4 





3 


6 





2 


4 





r 


4 





2 











15 





19 


40b. 


2 


9 





I 


2 





I 


7 


6 


I 


4 





I 


4 





I 


14 








4 








12 





I 








I 











8 





I 


15 








4 





I 


18 


3 


I 


4 





I 


4 





I 


2 








8 








16 





I 











18 





I 


10 








12 






SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



To John Coks 
To Abr. Lucas 
To Thomas Chace 
To John Tarry 
To Rob* Green 



E. Grosvener. 



29. To a Drummer for coming to the Head Quar/ers 

upon a message ... 
To John Stone 
To Peter Crawley 

To Tho. Allen upon 3 Bills viz* For Tho. Allison... 
To Henry Bauden 
To John Davis 

To Nich. Will 

To a Smith for Hinges etc. for an horse in the Field 
To 6 Soldiers of Col. Barksteads Regim^«t for 

building the Hutt... 
To 4 men for fetching Rushes for that and the Tent 

30. To John Brown for worke done 
To W°» Johnson 

More to him... 

To John Smith 

To Tho. Woodward ... 

To AUin Farrison 

To John Street 

To Tho. Wyatt 

To John Goslin 

To Sam. Paremayne ... 

To John Kerby 

To Henry Bauden 

To Tho. Isle... 

To Francis Ferby 

To John Burly 

To John Davis 

To Tho. Hasunney 

To Lodewike Lysen ... 

To W™ Judge 

To W«»Rawlen 

To Col. Fothergill for his Brigade 

E. Grosvener. 





219 


£ 


s. d. 





8 


2 


16 





4 


4 


10 





16 









6 


2 


5 





I 


10 





I 


10 








12 








12 








7 








2 


6 





II 








4 





I 


10 








13 


6 





6 







10 















5 







10 







7 


6 




19 


6 




5 







12 







4 








15 







I 


3 




10 








8 















14 








15 





I 








20 









220 

July 30. 
To 
To 

31. To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 

July 31. 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



To Rob* Winscombe 
John Stone 
Rich. Poole 
John Fosser 
Rich. Neale 
Jo. Newam 
Andrew Squibb 
W°» Person 
Charles Belden 
Anth. Chapman 
Hen. Poger 
W°» Clarke 
Tho. Edmond 
John White 
John Hampton 
Rich. Crosse 
W" Atkison 
Christopher Maiden 
To Allin Harrison for worke done 
Thomas Drake 
Jenkin Owen 
W™ Farrington 
Humphry Johnson 
Rob* Home 
Rob* Pindar 
W°» Derrant 
W°» Rogers 
John Webb 
Walter Fisher 
W°» England 
Willm Wicks 
Walter Fisher 

E. Grosvener. 



£ s. 


d. 


15 





18 





16 





15 





16 





2 5 





I 19 50b. 


6 





8 





12 





14 





08 





01 12 





8 





12 





8 





6 





I 10 





2 2 


6 


16 





I 5 





8 





12 





18 





18 





I 10 





8 





12 





I 10 





IS 





8 






July 31. To Francis Smith 
To W°» England 
To Peter Graves 

August I. To John Hull .. 
To Rob* Coleman 
To Lawrence Ambrose 
To Tho. Burra 



15 

1 10 
I 10 
I 10 
o 16 
o 18 
o 16 



SOME CIVIL WAR 


ACCOUNTS. 


221 




£ s. 


d. 


More to him... 


17 


6 


To Zachary Sanfort ... 


I 8 





To Nich. TrewneU 


..12 


6 


To Humphry Jonson ... 


10 





To Christopher Maiden 


16 





To Jonath. Newell for worke on Col. Whallys si( 


de 50 





To Rob' Ward for worke done ... 


15 





To W" Judge 


I 3 


6 


More to him... 


..08 





2. Laid out by Col. Barkstead for digging a gapp 


• 04 





To Rich. Wildgoose for work done 


... 2 5 





To Hen. Frieren 




12 





To Edw. Sowdert 




2 2 





To Gilb' Brian 




... I 8 





To John Brown 




I 10 





To John Stone 




16 





To Rich. Gerard 




I 12 





To Tobias Hold 




12 





To Allen Farrison 




... 2 5 





To Tho. Wyatt 




... I 18 





To Edw. Peace 




I II 





To Thomas Martyr ... 




... 15 





To Hen. Bouden 




16 





To Fra. Mailer for digging up a block in a way 


..01 


6 


To John Winter for stopping up holes neere t 


be 




Sallyport... 


5 





To Will"* Bunny for worke done 


5 





E. Grosvener. 






August 3. To Tho. Harris for worke done 




..10 





To Rob' Walker 






•05 





To Maior Wilkes 






..06 





To Allin Farrison 






I 10 





To John Foster 






2 5 





To John Pate 






I 12 





To John Andrews 






I 12 





To Rich. Bent 






..03 





To Thomas Greenwood 






..06 





To Rob* Feby for Reparacons . 






14 





To W°> Ingram for worke done. 






I 13 





To Lane. Burt for entertaining c 


►f Drumw 


^rs 


II 


6 



222 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To severall poore men out of Colchester and the 
Subburbes 
2. To David Pritchet 
To Andrew Squibb 
To John Parker 

To John Hall 

To Thomas AUenson ... 
More to Th. Allenson... 
More to him... 
To John Brown 
To Tho. Allenson 
To John Kelsay 
To Moyses Smith 

E. Grosvener. 

5. To John Tam for worke done ... 
To W"*Kayes 
To Tho. Duglas 
To Anth. Coulam 
To Hen. Haynes 
To Nich. Williams 
To W«n Winter 
To John Holoch 
To Franc. Ouldham ... 
To Arth. Aylett 
To Tho. Allen 
To Rich. Hilliard 

To 2 poore men that came out of Colchester 
To John Ward for worke done... 
To W™Trallop 

To 2 Troopers for fetching spades 
To Tho. Forrester for worke done by severall men 

viz' for Sam. Beare 
For Roger Parker 
For Hele Spitting 
For John Loe 
To Vincent Bird 
To Tho. Bale 
To John Street 
To Francis Lane 
To Nich. Humphrey ... 



£ s. d. 






10 








18 


9 


2 








1 


10 








6 








5 








8 








18 





I 


10 





I 


15 





I 


II 








15 





I 


12 


I 


I 


4 


6 





10 


6 





14 





2 


4 





I 


2 





I 


2 





I 


2 





I 


I 








14 








7 








7 








2 


6 


I 


10 





I 


2 


9 





6 





I 


10 





I 


5 





I 


5 





2 


15 








14 





I 


13 








16 








7 





I 


2 






SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 223 

£ S. d. 

To John Goslin ... ... ... ... 450 

To Mathew Horner ... ... ... ... 120 

To Tho. Martyr ... ... ... ... 240 

To Tho. Clarke ... ... ... ... 300 

To W°» Wilkins ... ... ... ... o 14 o 

To Rich. Gosted ... ... ... ... 450 

To John Davis ... ... ... ... 120 

To John Rawkins ... ... ... ... 180 

To John Gage ... ... ... ... 070 

To Tho. Taylor ... ... ... ... 100 

To Andrew Frieren ... ... ... ... 2 15 o 

To Maior Desbrow wAich he laid out to a Trooper 

who lost his horse ... ... ... 026 

E. Grosvener. 



. To CoL Whalley w^/ch he laid out to another 






wAich came out of town w/th a horse 


5 





To Rob' Brown a Butcher who came out with a 






horse 


5 





To John Cox for worke done ... 




7 





To John Morrill 




2 10 





To John Newam 






I 10 





To Tho. Waters 






8 


9 


To Geo. Ballard 






01 16 





To Edw. Cox 






I 13 





To W™ Clement 






17 


6 


To Hen. Hale 






I 10 





To Hen. Hawkins 






I ^3 





To Hen. Speere 






2 16 





To Philip Dyer 






2 01 





To Rich. Nayler 






2 14 





To W"» Herrit 






I 10 





To John Parker 






I 16 





To M' Bishop for iron workes about the trainc 




3 7 





To Thorn. Jones for worke done 




I 2 





To Tho. Balaam 




I 2 





To John Honywort 




2 8 





. To M"^ Allenson 




3 10 





To M-^ Newell for worl 


ke on Colonell Whalleys s'u 


dc 


50 






E. (irosvener. 



224 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

8. To Mathew Hewis for worke done 
To Edw. Burlacy 
To Tho. Forrester for viewing 50 Rodds of worke 
More to him for Dan. Price for worke 
More for James Clarke 
More for Peter Crawley 
More to Anth. Turner... 
More to Robert Newell 
To Fran. Fowle 
To W*" Hooper 
To W» Herod 
To Sam Fascott 
To John Francis 
To Joseph Symonds 

9. To Rob* Zibbott 
To John Spencer 
To W°» Langham 
To John Newam 
To Edward Piper 
To Rowland Herbert 
To W" Jakes 
To John Kelsay 
To Hen. Poger 
To Thomas Burra 
To Rob* Guard 
To James Eve 
To Rob' Stint 
To W» Hooper 
To John Hull 
To John Hampton 
To Tho. Balaam 
To W" Watlington 
To John Loe 
To Tho. Tennet 
To Rich. Sharpe 
To John Andrews 
To John Rimer for entertaining a Drumw^r one night 

E. Grosvener. 



£ s, d, 
060 
070 

16 8 

1 5 o 

12 

1 5 
I 10 

I 5 
o 18 

O 12 

16 

1 O 

1 16 

2 2 

o 9 

16 

1 I 

9 

1 I 

O II 

7 

1 16 
I 6 
o 18 

O 12 

o 6 

o 5 

7 

1 o 
o 16 

12 

1 II 

o 14 

7 

1 4 
o 9 

O 2 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 


225 




£ s, d. 


August 9. To Thomas Martyr for worke done 


16 


To Lod. Lison 


12 


To John Battee 


12 


To Thomas Roper 


12 


To John Rice 


060 


To John Pritchet 


12 


To W" Mathew 


12 


10. To John Thompson ... 


100 


To Benj. Rogers 


080 


To W°> Griffin 


16 


To W°> Clarke 


16 


To W°»Cranford 


16 


To Rich. Mills 


I 10 


More to him for cutting hedges 


10 


To James Carent 


JIG 


To Geo. Symonds 


070 


To Tho. Sipping 


14 


To T^anc. Burt for entertaining Drum»«ers 


5 7 


To Joseph Crawley ... 


10 


To John Newam 


I 2 6 


To John Burley 


I 10 


To John Goslin 


230 


To W» Clarke 


090 


To Jo. Pritchet 


15 


To Tho. Foster 


100 


To John Wight 


18 


To Rowland Robertes .. 


090 


To John Helser 


14 


To Rob' Blore 


12 


To Rob* Ball 


I 17 6 


To Rich. Blackwell ... 


18 


To Fran. Fowles 


12 


To John Bakeham 


12 


To Nich. Billet 


050 


To Edw. Powell 


16 


To Rob' Lidall 


020 


To Allin Farrison 


10 


To Ralph Ashly 


I IS 


To Tho. Perse 


15 


To Humphry Goffe ... 


I 12 


To W*" Jakes 


I 10 



E. Grosvener. 



226 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To The. Burra for himself and Jo. Turner 
To John Goodwin 
To Fran. Smyth 
To James Smyth 
To Moritur Hewes 
To Dallison Greenham 
To a poor soldier by Command 
To Rob* Lidall for worke done.. 
To W™ Herod 
To Andrew Squibb 
To Tho. Gilbert 
To W°> Bush... 
To Hen. Bouden 
To Ralph Wortley 
To Anth. Pearse 
To Fran. Bland 

To John Loe for John Holgate 
To John Loe for him more 
To W»" Watlington 
To James Canith 
To Geo. Symonds 
To Dan. Brooke 
To John Graves 
To Oliver Hughes 
1 2. To M*" Cadwell for charges in bringing 5oo*»*> from 
Cambridge 
To John Norham for worke done 
To John Gay 
To Philip Betts 
To Tho. Webb 
To Hen. Marshall 
To W"* Rogers 
To Joseph Symonds 
To Edw. Swann 
To Ezek. Adams 
To John Packer 
To Rich. Collins 

E. Grosvener. 





€ 


s. 




• 3 


12 




o 


12 




2 
I 


6 

o 




I 


2 




O 


i6 




O 


4 




O 


9 




O 


i6 




2 


o 




I 


lO 




I 


ID 




I 


O 




O 


lO 




I 


5 




I 


lO 




o 


II 




o 


14 




I 


8 




o 


14 




o 


14 




o 


14 




o 


9 


3n 


• 7 


8 




• 3 


10 




I 


8 




I 


14 




o 


14 




o 


14 




I 


8 




o 


I 




o 


12 




I 


ID 




I 


lO 




o 


14 




I 


lO 



'3- 



SOME cn 


^L WAR ACCOUNTS. 


227 




£ s. d. 


To Christopher Stephens 


070 


To Rich. Bates 


I I 


To Tho. Saunders 


... ... ... 


040 


To John Cranford 




14 


To Thomas Pearse 




I 4 


To w™ Carter 




12 


To John Spencer 




080 


To Thomas Smith 




080 


To Tho. Kede 




040 


To Julian Clarke 




16 


To John Street 




15 


To Philip Dyer 




15 


To John Andrews 




18 


More to him... 




10 6 


To Allin Farrison 




18 


To Humphry Manning 




12 


To John Selby 




10 


To Nich. Middleton .. 




10 


To Christ6pher Maiden 


060 


To John Hall 


I 15 


To John Gerard for mending 4 peeces of ordnance 


4 10 


To W°» Million for worke done... 


060 


To Edw. Peach 


080 


To Geo. Gilby 


090 


To James Percivall 


080 


To Thomas Nash for making 1300 ^Bavings 


6 10 


To W*" Hooper 


040 


To Rich. Judge 


I 4 


To William Atkinson ... 


080 


To William Griffin 


I 4 


To Andr. Squibb 


15 


To Roger Sutton 


13 6 


To a poor wounded soldier 


050 


To Nich. Parish 


14 


To John Moren 


12 


To James Haine 


12 



14. 



* Bundles of brushwood, differing from faggots, in being bound by one instead 
of two withes. 



228 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 



14. 



IS- 



IS- 







£ s. 


flf. 


To Hen. Bouden 


... ... ... 


7 





To John Hix 




12 





To John Kilsay 


E. Grosvener. 


I 12 


6 


To Rob* Zibbet 




12 





To John White 


... ... ... 


I 





More to him... 


... 


10 





To Tho. Martyr for worke done 


5 





To John Pritchet 




20 





To Joseph Croft 


... 


■ 04 





To Hen. Frieren 




I 4 





To Hen. Prier 


... 


I 7 





To 2 inhabitants of 


Colchester... 


•OS 





To Wn» Swinston for 


making buUe/ 


.. 3 7 


6 


To Col. Whalley for worke on Suffolke side 


10 





To John Talcott for Lead 


..40 





To John Burly for worke done... 


18 





To Paul Clasick 


... 


I S 


6 


To Charles Hwdell 


... 


..12 





To Rich. Marshall for work done in the Traine 


•• 3 I 


8 


To W°> Hawock for worke done 


..II 





To Rich. Bales 


... ... ... 


14 





To Tho. Burra 


... 


10 





To Tho. Allen 


... ... ... 


18 





To W°> Parker 


... 


12 





To Allin Farrison for worke done 


..II 





To John Crosby 




..04 





To Sam Juscott 




14 





To John Hill 




16 





To Thomas Griffin 




..II 





To John Burly 




..22 





To Rob* Citteridge 




14 





To Rob' Coleman 




..07 





To John Webster 




7 





To Rob* Newell 




14 





To Anth. Wallis 




I 17 





To James Balaam 




... I s 





To Tho. Allen 




... I s 





To Philip Alett 




I s 





To John Pritchet 


E. Grosvener. 


..20 






SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

August 15. To Thomas Balaam 

To Henry Clarke 

To John Selby 

To Edw. Sowert 

More to Th. Allen of his Bill 

To Sam Bull 

To Thomas Asage 

To Nich. Cromewell 

To Rich. Blackwell 
16. To John Haslewood 

To John Mills 

To W™ Engld 

To Philip Jones 

To Anth. Pearse 

To Thomas Balaam 

To Rob' Kistarigg 

To Rich. Nelson 

To John Swetnam 

To Hen. Kayes 

To Allin Farrison 

More to him.,. 

To John Pritchet 

To Tho. Buna 

More to him... 

To Hen. Haynes 

To Fran. Foulis 

To Francis Spencer 

To Morten ... 
10. To John Hull 

16. To Leo. Sell... 

17. To Francis Smyth 
To W"» Hart... 
To Rich. CasseU 
To Charles Beldon 
To M'Wragge laid out by command 
To Rowland Rob. 
To W" Herod 
To Cap* Lloyde for cutting grasse for Col. Fleet 

woods Regimt. 
To John Compton for worke don 
To Tho. Martyr 

E. Grosvener. 





2 


29 


£ 


s. 


d. 


I 


17 





4 


6 





I 


5 





I 


2 


6 





3 





I 











16 





I 


12 


6 


2 








I 


16 





T 


7 








18 








18 








18 





I 


14 








12 





I 








I 


10 





I 








I 


5 





I 








I 


5 





I 











8 








12 





I 


5 





I 








I 











7 





3 








I 








I 


5 





I 








I 


10 





3 


2 


6 


I 








I 








3 


8 





I 


I 





2 









230 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

August 17. To W"» Woodworth for work done 

To Leo. Every 

To Tho. Hapenny 

To John Pritchet 

To Thomas Allison for viewing the works 

To John Newham for worke done 

To Henry Hall 

To Griffith Jones 

To Thomas Griffin 

To 2 poor Soldiers 
18. To W" Horrocks for worke done 

To Dallison Greenham 

To John Andrews 

To Allin Farrison 

To Tobias Hold 

To Rob* Guard 

To Peter Cawley for cutting hedges viewing etc. 

To W"» Farrington for worke done 

To W"» Jakes 

To John Hampton 

To Nich. Trownell 

To John White 

To John Parker 

To John Compton 

To John Burly 

To Jo. Newman 

To W" Farrington 

To Andr. Squibb 

To John Michaells 

To Rich. Bull 

To Thomas Burra 

To Henry Hall 

To Tho. Hapenny 

E. Grosvener. 



£ 


s. 


I 





I 





I 








15 


I 


15 


I 


10 





15 





15 


I 


2 





5 


2 








17 


I 


4 


I 


7 


2 


5 


I 


2 


2 


II 





9 





16 


I 





I 


16 





10 





10 





10 


I 


3 


I 


10 





10 


I 








6 


I 








15 


I 


8 



o 15 



August 18. To W™ Jennyngs for worke done... 
To Lane. Burt for tnUrtaintng Drumwers 
To Humphry Mannings for worke done ... 
To John Davis 
To Hen. Clarke 
To Hen. Spicer 



2 o 

II 

1 10 
I o 

3 o 



SOME cn 


^IL WAR ACCOUNTS. 


231 




£ s, d. 


To John Pritchet 


I 16 


To Roger Sutton 




040 


To Rich. Williams 




12 


To Humphry Goffe 




140 


To Hen. Hutchison 




140 


To John Hall 




230 


More to him... 




10 


More 




16 


To Thomas Webb 




300 


More to him... 




I 10 


More to him... 




I 16 


To Benj.Ed[?] 




300 


To Hen. Heckford 




100 


19. To John Baseby 




2 16 


To Anth. Burchmore .. 




I 5 


To John Bonny 




16 


To John Selby 




100 


To Tho. AUand 




100 


To Dennis Allen 




I 5 


To John Granes 




I 8 


To Tho. Tozell 




12 


To W" Wilson 




18 


To Hen. Heckford' 




300 


To John Baanam 




10 


To Hen. Haines 




2 10 


To Francis Spencer 




I 10 


To John Hampton 




I 10 


For Candles at the Tent 


050 


To W» Herod 


. I 5 


E. Grosvener. 




August 19. To M' Stoddart for Carpenders worke 


960 


To Fran. Fowles for worke done 


18 


20. To Rob' Baker for worke done... 


100 


To Rich. Sharpe 


I 10 


To Tho. Hewes 




14 


To Rich. Williams 




I 10 


To John Blunt 




12 


To Sam Enfcott 




060 


More to him... 




15 


To Gregory Right 




10 



232 SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS. 

To Thomas Rogers 

To Julian Clarke 

To John Clarke 

To Rich. Wilkinson 

To Thomas Younge 

To Thomas Griffin 

To Hen. Whiting 

To Nath. Cooke 

To John Parker 

To Allin Farrison 

To a poor Widdow who lost by soldiers. 

To Hen. Bouden for work done 

To Rob' Wheeler 

To John Hull 

To Hen. Haines 
To Thomas Andrews ... 
To James Braston for carrying Faggottes 
To John Swetnam for worke done 
To M*^ Swinston for making Musket bullets 
21. To Fran. Fowles for worke done 
To Rich. Nelson 
To Rob' Baker 
To Peter Panton 
To John Winter 
To Geo. Rob^rtes 
To Cap' Younge for Lead 

E. Grosvener. 

August 21. To Rich. Booker for worke done... 
To Lane. Burt for Entertainm^ Drummers 
To Anth. Burchmore for carrying Faggottes 
To M"" Bishopp for Iron about the Line 
To him more for Iron about the Traine 
To Tho. Carrier for worke done 
To W">Cranford 
To John Okes 

21. To John Pritchet for worke done 

To Cap' Tomlins for ^Cannon Baskets 
To Tho. Webb for worke done... 



£ s^ 


d. 


I 3 


6 


O ID 





O ID 





I ID 





o 19 





2 5 





6 





I ID 





I 10 





I 4 





3 


6 


I 7 





I 





5 5 





I 4 





3 10 





10 





5 





I 7 


6 


4 15 





10 





I 





9 





3 16 


6 


4 





20 15 





2 15 





6 





5 





3 9 


4 


3 8 


4 


2 2 





[diank] 


[d/ank] 


4 15 





5 





14 






* Cylindrical wicker baskets, to be filled with earth and iised in fortification. 



SOME cr 


VIL WAR 


ACCOUNT 


s. 


2 


*33 


£ s^ 


d. 


To Hen. Heckford 




I 15 





To W» Flenney 








I 8 





To Sam. Juscott 








I 15 





To Geo. Symonds 








14 





To Joseph Symonds .. 








I 8 





To Roger Sutton 








•30 





To him more 








.. 18 





22. To John Smyth 








..10 





To Rich. Collyns 








2 16 





To Tho. Green 




1 . 




I 12 


6 


To John Brown 








..08 





To Leo. Sell 








I 15 





To Tho. Philips 








6 





To Thomas Watkins .. 








10 





To Thomas Younge .. 








• I 15 





To Art. Myers 








12 





To Rich. Dickins 








12 





E. Grosvener. 




August 22. To John Bonny 




16 





To Roger Bude 




8 


3 


To Hen. Spier 






I 12 





To Denis Allen 






I 2 





To Rich. Guard 






I 02 





To Thomas Asage 






12 





To Thom Ball 






2 04 





To John Pardy 






12 





To James Charleton .. 






. 15 


9 


To Aaron Powell 






15 





To W"> Shephard 






. I 04 





To John Parker 






I 12 





To Ephr. Bennett 






12 





To Philip Dyer 






I 16 





To Jeffry Smyth 




• 3 5 





To Thomas True 




9 





23. To Thomas Allison for Tho. Davis 




. 4 





To him for Rich. Marshall 




14 


6 


To him more for John Swallow 




6 





To him more for Philip Dyer ... 




I 17 





To him more for John 


Marsh . 






. 8 






234 



SOME CIVIL WAR ACCOUNTS 



To John Haslewood 
To him more 
To Thomas Bartlett 
To Hen. Stamford 
To John Newam 
To Hen. Bouden 
To John Selve 
To Rich. Rea 
To Rob' Hering 
To Tho. Webb 
To John Holdsworth 
To John Andrews 
To John Hull 



E. Grosvener. 



Barksteads 



workes on 



August 24. To Ralph Dunston for worke done 

1 o M*^ Taylor for 1 700^ vieighi (?) of Bullet making 
To M'-Crabb for Lead 
To M' Chapman which he laid out for Waggons 

with Amuniton from Windsor 
To John Brown for worke done 
To Edw. Abraham and others of Col. 

Regimt. for 3 horses 
To Sam. Wood 
To Allin Farrison 
24. To M' Stoddart for Boards 

To M*- Lloyd Col. Whalleys Clark for 

SufTolke side 
To Humphry Heckford for worke done 

E. Grosvener. 



August 25. To Philip Hooper for carrying Faggots 
To Ro(?) Sley for throwing stones 
To Roland Kelsay for making a port hole 
To Dennis Allen for worke done 
To Allin Farrison for the same... 
To Ro. Risley for carrying Faggotes 
To John Selby 
To John Andrews 
To W"™ Farrington for work done 
To John Goslin 



£ 
I 
o 

I 
o 
I 

I 
o 

3 
o 
I 

I 
I 



o 
6 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
6 
o 
10 

3 
o 



o 10 

2 2 

8 II 



I 
I 

I 
2 

I 
12 

20 
I 



o 

17 
16 

7 
7 
o 

o 
4 



o 10 
o 9 
o 

I 
I 
o 



5 
5 

2 

7 

12 

1 15 



10 
I 



o 
6 
o 

10 
o 

o 
o 
6 
o 

o 
o 



27. 



SOME 


CIVIL WA 


R ACCOUNTS. 


235 








£ s. d. 


To Rob^ Hall 




... ... 


313 


To W°> Jenninks 






200 


More to him... 






I 15 


To Thomas Morley 






I 10 


To John Burges 






239 


To Francis Fowles 






I 10 


To Randle Kettle 






200 


To M"- Lloyd for work on Col. 


Whalleys side 


... 10 


To John Winter for worke done 


I 15 


To Tho. Asage 


... 


... ••. 


I I 


To John Pritchet 


... 


... 


200 


To Hen. Hewes 


... 


... 


150 


To Rob' Klegg 




... ... 


220 


To Jeffery Smyth 


... 


... 


100 


To Wn> Jakes 


... 


... 


080 


To Thomas Allenson 


••• 


... 


140 


To him more for Jo. 


Curtis 


... ... 


090 


To him more 


. .. 




10 


To Rob* Henwing 




... 


... 239 


To Rowland Harridge 


i... 




026 


To Tho. Church 


... 


... 


100 


To Joseph Symonds 


... 


*.. 


140 


To Allin Farrison 


• •• 




070 


To John Kelsey 


••• 


... 


.. 250 




E. Grosvener. 





Since sending the above to the press, a most valuable and interest- 
ing work, by Mr. C. H. Firth, on Cromweirs Army — A History of 
the English Soldiers from 1642 to 1649," has appeared. Publisher, 
Methuen & Co. Price, 75. 6^. The *New Model' is described in 
detail, and much interesting information bearing on the * Civil War 
Accounts ' is given. 



Cjmtcijfeatlretts' Accounts -JBUtfjleg. 



By E. KITSON CLARK. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The Methley parish churchwardens' accounts, of which unfortunately 
but little survive, are the first records of the kind which the 
Thoresby Society has undertaken, and it seems natural not only to 
annotate them as far as possible, but to preface them with a general 
introduction to the subject. So much have churchwardens suffered 
from the careless appreciation of their unremunerated work, that most 
people are content to accept their existence as a matter of course, to 
remember their failings, and to take note of their philistine actions, and 
so to forget the value of that lay executive which has carried out such 
important duties for many centuries. 

Any analysis, however slight, of the items of such accounts 
presents to the enquirer at the outset many and complicated 
problems. He feels warned at once that the task of dealing with 
the origin, growth, and work of the warden's office is one which 
should claim the full attention of a devoted historian, and that it is 
too ambitious for an isolated article in a miscellaneous publication of 
a local archaeological society. At the same time there are to be found 
in reprints of constitutional documents, etc., allusions to the duties of 
churchwardens sufficient to provide an intelligible commentar>' upon 
the questions which arise in connection with the accounts here 
printed. Some such passages have been extracted for this purpose, 
and it is hoped that they may suggest explanations or provide 
illustrations in connection with this important subject. But in the 
extracts to be quoted below there appears no solution to the first 
problem which naturally suggests itself, namely: When and how did 
the office of churchwarden originate? And when we turn to the 
History of English Law^ by Pollock & Maitland, we find no more 
definite statement than opinions begun with such careful words as, 
" We are not persuaded," and " We suspect." 

^ History of English Law (1895), i* ^2-3. 



CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 237 

Not SO diffident are the dictionary makers. In the Dictionary of 

Christian Antiquities the reader is referred back to an officiaP of 

Fifth the fifth century, who received from the Bishop certain keys and 

century. ^^ guardianship of certain goods : — to the * seniores ' addressed by 

S. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo,* at the beginning of that century ; and 

to the seniores ecclesiastici of a later time. In another work a reference 

1127. is made to the Canon of 1127 (Synod of Westminster), in recording 

which Johnson' makes a suggestion, a suggestion merely, that 

"other ministers" there mentioned may mean the "reeves of the 

church, such laymen as, by the bishop's appointment, took care of the 

secular affairs of the diocese." All, it is explained, were officials who 

would now be described as churchwardens.* They may have been \ 

but, unfortunately, there is such a gap in ecclesiastical records on this 

subject that it appears profitless to consider even the probabilities. 

The earlier sacred writers were more concerned with the picturesque 

details of a saint's life, and the miracles associated with his bones, 

than with the ordinary business details of church expenses; and 

when official documents appear, in which we can read to a certain 

extent the history of the times, the dramatic struggles for power 

and jurisdiction between church and king, and king and pope, 

are written therein so large as to obscure the descriptions of the 

humbler machinery. 

Nineteenth If we, on the other hand, begin at the end of the story, we find 

that in the nineteenth century churchwardens form an executive council 

of laymen popularly elected in each parish, with certain duties in 

connection with the repair of the church and the property of the 

Seventeenth church. And in the seventeenth century at Methley the state of 

^xoxyxTj. affairs appear to have been much the same; only then the duties 

1606. embraced a still wider field, approximating to those so fully described 

in Lambard's Duties of Constables^ Churchwardens^ etc, (see 

page 255 below) ; in fact, almost to those of a modern parish or even 
county council, with ecclesiastical functions added. 

Is this, we ask, an indication of the history of this office? Did 
the wardens represent the people, and act as the unit of local self- 
government, with powers still wider at earlier periods? Should the 



* Perhaps the Suftf^t. 

^Aug, Ep,, 137 (Paris edition, 1679). 

' Im7vs and Camms of the Church of England (Oxford, 185 1), vol. ii, p. 40. 

* Probably misreading Bingham, Antiquities of the Christian Churchy Book III, 
13, 2, and Book II, 19, 9. The writer there says that the functions were in some 
respects similar to those of churchwardens. 



238 CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

enquirer incline to answer in the affirmative, he will find that he has 
arrived at the position taken up by Mr. Toulmin Smith in his book 
on The Parish (1857). In that thoughtful and most interesting 
work, the author states his opinion that in the beginning the 
parish was a lay unit, that the wardens were officials of the people 
popularly elected to carry out lay work, and he treats with some 
vehemence the unwarrantable encroachments of ecclesiastical authority. 
But Dr. Stubbs,* on the other hand, in no uncertain voice states 
that the parish is the township treated ecclesiastically^ and describes 
it as "a fact that the two systems, the parish and township, have 
existed for more than a thousand years side by side, identical in area 
and administered by the same persons, and yet separate in character 
and machinery."* And the deduction from his view is that the 
wardens are officials in an ecclesiastical sphere. 

^ ConstittUwncd History of England^ vol. i, p. 247. 

* The position of the laity in the Church forms the subject of a report delivered 
at the Convocation of Canterbury in 1902 (sold at the National Society's Depository, 
Sanctuary, Westminster, No. 367, 1902) ; and it might have been expected that the 
description of the development of the lay position would have included a notice of 
the lay officials, such as wardens, &c. This is not the case, however. These officials 
are only mentioned when the writers turn in the last chapters to record the 
assumption by the State of functions carried out up to a certain date under 
ecclesiastical supervision. But in the course of this pamphlet there are sentences 
which would seem 10 be worth a reference, and in all of them the evidence tends 
to make us look for an ecclesiastical system in parish work. 

Pages 7-17. As long as the Church was small enough, and a corporate self- 
government was possible, the traditions of the first period were adhered to as in 
the time when the apostles and elders were gathered in council. This lasted 
325. approximately up to the date of the Council of Nicaea (325). 

3 '2. Pages 18-31. But when Constantine the Great was converted in 312 A. D., 

the powers previously enjoyed by Christian laymen were transferred to the Emperor, 
Christianity became official, and the State interfered with the ecclesiastical exeaitive. 
As instances of this the authors quote a numberof councils in which laymen participated 
g as persons of authority, and present a fairly continuous series in the western Christian 

•^' countries up to the ninth century (Synod of Aries). 

Pages 31-38. Further, in the Anjilo-Saxon Church the relations of State and 

Church were peculiarly close, for when Christianity came into England the faith was 

adopted at the first by the kings and leaders, and the Church element being thus 

at the outset in a position of power, had a share in all State business. This held until 

1066. 1066. 

Pages 39-43. Shortly after his accession in that year, William the Conqueror 

separated ecclesiastical from secular councils. Church courts from civil courts ; and 

1066-87. this led to the introduction of Roman canon law and to a system of appeals to 

1073-85. Rome. To quote the exact words: "The reign of William the Conqueror, 1066- 

1087, and the pontificate of Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085, constitute a marked epoch 

in the history of the separation of the clergy from the laity." The king, however, 

retained certain extensive though ill-defined powers. In order, therefore, to mark 

1 164. the boundary lines, the mutual relations of Church and State were reduced to writing 

1382. under Henry II, in the Constitutions of Clarendon (1164). From this time onward the 

1414. Crown and State exercised authority in varying degrees, until it came about that the 

civil courts interfered against the Lollards (1382), that the statute of 1414 empowered 

Justices to enquire after heretics, and that the same statute was that under which 



CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 239 

So there is here a grave divergence of opinion upon a question 
which must be solved before the history of wardens can be rendered 
complete. Unfortunately, as far as these officials are concemed,"there 
are no records of a sufficiently early date to prove the existence of an 
ecclesiastical parish machinery in the time to which Dr. Stubbs alludes, 
while the earliest records* which are in our hands undoubtedly point to 
inferences entirely opposed to the arguments of Mr. Toulmin Smith. 
Krom 1349. A far less positive solution than either of these has been arrived 
at in the History of English Law, There the sub-division of England, 
through Counties, Hundreds, and Wapentakes, is brought down 
to the Township or Vill as the smallest unit; and at this point, 
where it would seem that the earliest indications of popular 
parish work should appear, it has to be confessed that the authors 



Fifteenth the executions of the fifteen'h and sixteenth centuries took place. And so the 
and clergy secured assistance in spiritual matters, and a certain extension of freedom ; 

sixteenth but by invoking the civil power against heresy they revived a parliamentary 
centuries, interference which bore full effect after the Reformation in the Revolution. 

Pages 44-48. And as in the events which then took place the churchwardens 
are called upon to play their part in the relations of laity and Church we reach at 
last a recognition of these officials, alwut whom we have been seeking information. 
We therefore have no cause in this place to proceed further, but rather to note that 
as in all these movements the Church was strong enou^ to dispute with the king 
and the State for the supremacy in highest affairs, it is wellnigh certain that the 
Church worked its subsidiary organizations such as the parish under its own con- 
stitution. It may be even srat^ positively that in that period the Church must 
have managed its own business without reference to a popular vote. 

The pages also from which the following sentences are taken seem to refer to a 
system which was ecclesiastical. {Cf, Phillimorc, Ecclesiastical Law of the Church 
of England^ p. 264 : — 

** Tithes and oblations were brought into the common fund, and administered 
for the bishop as the unit of the British Church, and afterwards of the Saxon. 
**The parishes were largely made because the great lords built for their tenants, 
V rth ^^^ ^^^ ^^ reason the parish and the manor were often coterminous." 
eleventh ^ perusal of an interesting book by Imbart de la Tour, entitled Les Paroisses 

century. RuraUs du IVe au Xle Siicle (Paris: A. Picard et Fils, 1 900), tends to confirm 
the impression that in these centuries itfdeed the popular element had some repre- 
sentation in church management. This is the view underlying the whole book, as 
the passages quoted below would indicate : — 

Pa^e 137. **Velectio (du clerc) se faisait sans doute dans une assemble 

composee des villageois et du cler^e de la paroisse " 

Page 164. ** Toute la vie civile venait y (sc. 4 Teglise) affluer, car il n'y avait 
Tenth and P^s d'autre organization rurale un peu complete que celle de la paroisse.'* 
eleventh ^**t a change came later. Under the heading, "Les eglises priv^ au X** et 

centuries. au XI« Siccle." 

Page 255. **Ce que nous devons retenir, cest qu*a cote d'une investiture 
eccl^iastique faite par I'eveque, nous remarquons une investiture seculi^re faite par 
le seigneur." 

Page 299. **I1 ne reste plus au pretre qu'i devenir M'homme' du seigneur." 
And the last sentence of the book destroys our hopes that we may find in 
P'rancc an instance of local church government continuous from early times. 

Page 351. **C*est par le patronage des Eglises que la societe religieuse a perdu 
son caractere des premiers siecles et est entree peu i peu dans la feodalite." 

«549- ^^'S* ^t, Michaetsy Bath^ a.d. 1349-1575, etc. 



240 CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METH1.EY. 

have searched in vain for such an organisation^ as might by any 
stretch be called the counterpart of the modern vestry. All 
organisation is manorial, is feudal, and though the township has to 
make payments, to send four good men to Court, and the rest, 
it can only be suggested that the Executive is not appointed by 
periodical election, but that the work is done by permanent 
arrangement, and has become, in fact, a charge upon definite 
portions . of the land. And yet, when the reader has accepted an 
apparently definite denial that any connection can be traced 
between the earlier and later systems, to his dismay he finds that in 
apparent contradiction our authors say that "in general the vill of the 
thirteenth century* has become the civil parish of the nineteenth." If 
this is not contradictory, what is the process by which the burdens of 
the manorially managed vill came to be undertaken by the popularly 
elected vestry? 

It is possible that Churchwardens' accounts supply the answer. For 
upon examination they appear to indicate that the 'vehicle* of this 
great change was the office of warden, and the quotation which follows, 
taken from the last mentioned work, gives the explanation: — 

"*The parish' has in modern law supplanted the vill or 
township, owing to causes which did not come into play until the 
Tudor time, when the rate for the relief of the poor was imposed. 
The law then began to enforce a duty which had hitherto been 
enforced by religion, and very naturally it adopted for this purpose 
the geography of the Church. In course of time other rates were 
imposed by Parliament, and the poor's rate was taken as their model. 
Thus the parish became the important district for most purposes of 
local government and taxation."^ 

The transformation from vill to parish may have begun indeed 
before the Tudor time, but certainly it was Tudor legislation which 
threw secular duties on an ecclesiastical organization. 

A more lengthy passage a few pages further on gives additional 
insight into this difficult subject, and by the great kindness of the 



^ History of English Law^ Pollock & Maitland, vol. i, p. 599. 
2 Ibid,^ vol. i, p. 548. 
^ Ibid,, vol.i, p. 548. 



CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 24 1 

authors we are permitted to repeat the important words below: — * 
"The Manor and the Township. 



" Whether* or no the church-rate has a remote origin, whether it 
is connected with ancient churchscots or light-scots, whether, on the 
other hand, the clergy have shuffled off a burden which once fell on 
them, we do not inquire. We think it, however, quite plain that in 
rhirtecDth the thirteenth century the general custom of the Churc!> of England, 
century, swerving in this form from the tus commune of the CathoHc Church, cast 
the burden of repairing the nave of the parish church and providing 
the main part of the ecclesiastical apparatus, not upon the parson, 
but upon the parishioners, and that the lay powers left the spiritual 
tribunals free to enforce this custom by spiritual censures. But we 
are by no means satisfied that this custom demanded any permanent 
organisation of the parishioners, any * vestry* that would meet and 
grant a rate. So far as we can see the burden is a *real burden,* 
incumbent on land. The ecclesiastical power can, we take it, deal 
directly with each individual landowner, can excommunicate him and 
procure his imprisonment if he will not contribute his proper share 
to whatever expenditure has become necessary for the due repair 
of the fabric, and the question of necessity is decided by the 
ecclesiastical court. 

"The duty of repairing the parish church is analogous to the 
duty of repairing the county bridges ; it is planted in the soil, and 
to the soil it has ceded; it is apportioned according to hidage or 
acreage.' No doubt the occasional nature of the charge almost 
compels the rector or the archdeacon to deal with the parishioners 
as a body, to call them together and endeavour to persuade them 
that a wall is crumbling or that a new Missal is wanted. The 
parishioners will make terms with him; they may vote him a rate 
to be assessed in this way or in that; and very likely, as they will 
have to pay, they will hire the workmen and buy the materials. 

" The splendour and costliness of the churches and their furniture 
increase very rapidly; the parson's demands grow heavier and more 



1 Ibid.^ vol. i, p. 602-3. 

^ Among the best of many pamphlets on this subject are W. H. Hale, 
Tfu Antiquity of the Church Rate System (1837); W. Goode, A Brief History of 
Church Rates (1838); Robert Swan, The Principle of Church Rates (1837). 

* In Cambridgeshire the pontage was certainly taken as a tax on land. 
R. H., i, 50; the sheriff has taken from every hide in the county two shillings for 
pontage, whereas he used to take but sixpence. We see here no vote of the tax. 



242 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



Thirteenth 
century. 



frequent. What goes on in the kingdom at large is going on in each 
parish. Money-voting vestries became as indispensable to the 
rector as money-voting Parliaments are to the King. Movable 
wealth must be brought under the sphere of taxation. To our 
minds it would be as rash to argue from the 'vestries' or 
'parishioners' meetings of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries to 
similar assemblies of an earlier time, as it would be to argue that 
the Commons of the realm were represented in the Councils of 
Henry II because they were represented in the Parliaments of 
Edward I. 

"And so with the churchwardens. We are not persuaded that 
as a general rule there were churchwardens in the thirteenth 
century. They and their legal powers are, to our thinking, the 
outcome of two movements, one in the world of fact, the other in 
the world of legal thought. If the parishioners are compelled to 
provide precious books, robes, vessels, they will naturally desire to 
have their say about the custody of these articles; parsons have been 
known to sell the church plate. 

"Secondly, as we have seen, in the later Middle Ages, a dead 
saint or a personified ecclesia would no longer serve as a persona 
capable of proprietary and possessory rights. The lawyers are 
beginning to hold that the parson is in some sort the owner or the 
tenant of the church-yard and the glebe; they have to find an 
owner, at all events a possessor, for what in the past had been the 
chattels owned and possessed by a saint or a personified ecclesia; 
the churchwardens present themselves as claimants for property and 
possession, ^'^ 



1287. 



1275. 



»37o. 



Fifteenth 
century. 

1287. 



* The first clear tiJings that we get as to the incidence of the duty that is 
cast upon the parishioners tell us that they contribute ** Secundum portionem tcme 
quam possident in eadeni parochia"; Synod of Exeter (1287), Wilkins, Cofuilia, ii, 
138. John de Athona, Const. Othoboni, can. improbam, gloss, ad V. peragendam, 
doubts whether the burden be "real" or "personal," decides in favour of reality, 
but on either side alleges nothing beyond ineptitudes out of Code and Digest. In 
1275 the township of Graveley contracts with a mason for the repair of a wall of 
the church ; he is to have 31. 2d. for the work, and a garb of wheat from every 
house; "the Attorney of the township" sued him in the fair of St. Ives; SfUct 
PUas in Manorial Courts ^ p. 150. In 1370 we see parishioners assembled, 
making a regular rate and distraining for it; but it seems exceedingly doubtful 
whether their resolution binds one who has not assented to it; Y.B. 44 Edw. Ill, 
f. 18 (Trin. pi. 13). This case does not look as if a ** vestry" had an old and 
well-established power of granting, assessing, and enforcing a rate. As to the 
churchwardens, they l)ecome jrominent enough in the Year Books of the fifteenth 
century; but even then some elementary pnnciples seem to be in dispute. See 
€.g. Y\B. II, Henry IV, f. 12 (Mich. pi. 23); 8 Henry V, f . 4 (Ilil. pi. 15): 
37 Henry VI, ff 30 (Trin. pi. 11). The Synod of Exeter in 1287 had said 
" Ornamenta ecclesisc securuc custodide committantur, tton tamen sub custodia 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 243 

Having concluded a general statement concerning the origin and 
development of the functions of wardens, we turn to certain extracts 
from constitutional documents and other records, which afford definite 
evidence upon the many difficult points involved in the subject ; but 
first it would appear desirable to describe in the same general manner 
the action and condition of the parish. For this purpose no better 
authority can be drawn upon than the admirable preface of Bishop 
Hobhouse in his Chtirchivarden^ Accounts of Certain Parishes in 
Somerset} The learned writer is dealing with six parishes between 
the years of 1349 and 1560. He does not give a time for the 
initiation of the parish system which he describes, and his deductions 
are made from transactions which are recorded at all dates during this 
time. For this reason, it is true, the constitution of the parish as 
described by him cannot be assigned to one particular period, but it 
seems probable that the system was in operation on similar lines during 
the whole time, for it is noted that at Bath in 1349, his earliest date, 
the organisation is found to be already complete. And further, until 
earlier wardens' accounts have been brought forward and studied, we 
are led to think that this time may not be far from that of the 
institution of the warden system. The few references to Canon I^w'' 
which it has been in our power to make would point to the 
conclusion that the finances of the parish were managed in all 
matters by ecclesiastics in early times. Pollock & Maitland hold that 
in the century before this time churchwardens did not generally exist ; 
and in proposing 1349 as our starting point we are enabled to build 
from an epoch which was deeply scored in the history of parish life 
in England. That date when the Black Death carried off priest and 



laicorum^ nisi id nccessitas maior expostulaverit." The churchwardens' accounts 
edited \tj Bishop Hobhouse in 1890 for the Somerset Record Society, point to 
the conclusion that in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the making and 
enforcement of a compulsory church rate was a rare event; indeed, the editor 
(p. 231) says that he knows of but one case before the reign of Elizabeth. The 
churchwardens seem to have got the money that they needed by means of voluntary 
gifts and legacies, and of church ales, which opened the purses of the parishioners. 
* Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, 1890. 

2 To take instances at various dates which point in ihis direction : — 

Collection of Laws ami Canons of the Church of England, — S. Johnson, 

MDCCCL. 

Vol. i, p. 188. Canon a.d. 740, 28. "Let every bishop take care that the 

churches within his parish 1^ well built, repaired, and adorned.'* 
Vol. i, p. 367. Canon 5. **That every bishop repair God's house in his 

own see, and remind the King that all God's churches be well 

provided." 
Also cf. Brcutoity f. 226A, thitteenth century. ** Et cum ecclesia fungatur 

vice minoris, acquirilur per RECTOR f.m el relinet per cundem sicui 

minor *per tutorem." 



238 CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEV. 

enquirer incline to answer in the affirmative, he will find that he has 
arrived at the position taken up by Mr. Toulmin Smith in his book 
on The Parish (1857). In that thoughtful and most interesting 
work, the author states his opinion that in the beginning the 
parish was a lay unit, that the wardens were officials of the people 
popularly elected to carry out lay work, and he treats with some 
vehemence the unwarrantable encroachments of ecclesiastical authority. 
But Dr. Stubbs,* on the other hand, in no uncertain voice states 
that the parish is the township treated ecclesiastically^ and describes 
it as "a fact that the two systems, the parish and township, have 
existed for more than a thousand years side by side, identical in area 
and administered by the same persons, and yet separate in character 
and machinery.'*^ And the deduction from his view is that the 
wardens are officials in an ecclesiastical sphere. 

' Constitutional History of England y vol. i, p. 247. 

* The position of the laity in the Church forms the subject of a report delivered 
at the Convocation of Canterbury in 1902 (sold at the National Society's Depository, 
Sanctuary, Westminster, No. 367, 1902) ; and it might have been expected that the 
description of the development of the lay position would have included a notice of 
the lay officials, such as wardens, &c. This is not the case, however. These officials 
are only mentioned when the writers turn in the last chapters to record the 
assumption by the State of functions carried out up to a certain date under 
ecclesiastical supervision. But in the course of this pamphlet there are sentences 
which would seem to be worth a reference, and in all of them the evidence tends 
to make us look for an ecclesiastical system in pari.sh work. 

Pages 7-17. As long as the Church was small enough, and a corporate self- 
government was possible, the traditions of the first period were adhered to as in 
the time when the apostles and elders were gathered in council. This lasted 
325. approximately up to the date of the Council of Nicaea (325). 

3' 2. Pages 18-31. But when Constantine the Great was converted in 312 A.D., 

the powers previously enjoyed by Christian laymen were transferred to the Emperoi, 
Christianity became official, and the State interfered with the ecclesiastical executive. 
As instances of this the authors quote a number of councils in which laymen participated 
g as persons of authority, and present a fairly continuous series in the western Christian 

•^* countries up to the ninth century (Synod of Aries). 

Pages 31-38. Further, in the An^lo-Saxon Church the relations of State and 

Church were peculiarly close, for when Christianity came into England the faith was 

adopted at the first by the kings and leaders, and the Church element being thus 

at the outset in a position of power, had a share in all State business. This held until 

1066. 1066. 

Pages 39-43. Shortly after his accession in that year, William the Conqueror 

separated ecclesiastical from secular councils. Church courts from civil courts ; and 

1066-87. fills led to the introduction of Roman canon law and to a system of appeals to 

1073-85. Rome. To quote the exact words: "The reign of William the Conqueror, 1066- 

1087, and the pontificate of Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085, constitute a marked epoch 

in the history of the separation of the clergy from the laity." The king, however, 

retained certain extensive though ill-defined powers. In order, therefore, to mark 

1 164. the boundary lines, the mutual relations of Church and State were reduced to writing 

1382. under Henry II, in the Constitutions of Clarendon (1164). From this lime onward the 

1 4 14. Crown and State exercised authority in varying degrees, until it came about that the 

civil courts interfered against the Lollards (1382), that the statute of 1414 empowered 

Justices to enquire after heretics, and thai the same statute was that under which 



CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS.— METHLEY. 239 

So there is here a grave divergence of opinion upon a question 
which must be solved before the history of wardens can be rendered 
complete. Unfortunately, as far as these officials are concerned,"there 
are no records of a sufficiently early date to prove the existence of an 
ecclesiastical parish machinery in the time to which Dr. Stubbs alludes, 
while the earliest records^ which are in our hands undoubtedly point to 
inferences entirely opposed to the arguments of Mr. Toulmin Smith. 
Krom 1349. A far less positive solution than either of these has been arrived 
at in the History of English Law, There the sub-division of England, 
through Counties, Hundreds, and Wapentakes, is brought down 
to the Township or Vill as the smallest unit; and at this point, 
where it would seem that the earliest indications of popular 
parish work should appear, it has to be confessed that the authors 

Fifteenth the executions of the fifteen'h and sixteenth centuries took place. And so the 
and clergy secured assistance in spiritual matters, and a certain extension of freedom ; 

sixteenth but by invoking the civil power against heresy they revived a parliamentary 
centuries, interference which bore full effect after the Reformation in the Revolution. 

Pages 44-48. And as in the events which then took place the churchwardens 
are called upon to play their part in the relations of laity and Church we reach at 
last a recognition of these officials, about whom we have been seeking information. 
We therefore have no cause in this place to proceed further, but rather to note that 
as in all these movements the Church was strong enough to dispute with the king 
and the State for the supremacy in hi|;hest affairs, it is wellnigh certain that the 
Church worked its subsidiary organizations such as the parish under its own con- 
stitution. It may be even stated positively that in that period the Church must 
have managed its own business without reference to a popular vote. 

The pages also from which the following sentences are taken seem to refer to a 
system which was ecclesiastical. {Cf. Phillimore, Ecclesiastical Law 0/ the Church 
of England, p. 264 : — 

"Tithes and oblations were brought into the common fund, and administered 
for the bishop as the unit of the British Church, and afterwards of the Saxon. 
**The parishes were larjgely made because the great lords built for their tenants, 

»- -.u . and for this reason the parish and the manor were often coterminous." 
Fourth to 

eleventh ^ perusal of an interesting book by Imbart de la Tour, entitled Les Paroisses 

century. l^f^raUs du IVe au Xle Sikle (Paris : A. Picard et Fils, 1900), tends to confirm 
the impression that in these centuries itfdeed the popular element had some repre- 
sentation in church management. This is the view underlying the whole book, as 
the passages quoted below would indicate : — 

Page 137. ^'Velectio (du clerc) se faisait sans doute dans une assemble 

composee des villageois et du cler^e de la paroisse '* 

Page 164. **Toute la vie civile venait y (sc. 4 Teglise) affluer, car il n'y avait 
Tenth and pas d*autre organization rurale un peu complete que celle de la paroisse." 
eleventh ^**t a choftge came later. Under the heading, **Les eglises privies au X« et 

centuries. au XI«= Siecle." 

Page 255. **Ce que nous devons retenir, c'est qu*^ cote d'une investiture 
eccl^iastique fidte par Tcveque, nous remarquons une investiture seculi^re faite par 
le seigneur." 

Page 299. **I1 ne reste plus au pretre qu'i devenir M'homme' du seigneur." 
And the last sentence of the book destroys our hopes that we may find in 
France an instance of local church government continuous from early times. 

Page J51. "C'est par le oatronage des ^^lises que la societe religieuse a perdu 
son caractere des premiers si^cles el est entree peu 4 peu dans la feodalite." 

«349- ^'-i' •*• ^^lichattsy Bath^ a.d. 1349-1575, etc 



240 CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHi-EY. 

have searched in vain for such an organisation* as might by any 
stretch be called the counterpart of the modem vestry. All 
organisation is manorial, is feudal, and though the township has to 
make payments, to send four good men to Court, and the rest, 
it can only be suggested that the Executive is not appointed by 
periodical election, but that the work is done by permanent 
arrangement, and has become, in fact, a charge upon definite 
portions of the land. And yet, when the reader has accepted an 
apparently definite denial that any connection can be traced 
between the earlier and later systems, to his dismay he finds that in 
apparent contradiction our authors say that "in general the vill of the 
thirteenth century* has become the civil parish of the nineteenth." If 
this is not contradictory, what is the process by which the burdens of 
the manorially managed vill came to be undertaken by the popularly 
elected vestry? 

It is possible that Churchwardens' accounts supply the answer. For 
upon examination they appear tc indicate that the 'vehicle' of this 
great change was the office of warden, and the quotation which follows, 
taken from the last mentioned work, gives the explanation: — 

"*The parish' has in modern law supplanted the vill or 
township, owing to causes which did not come into play until the 
Tudor time, when the rate for the relief of the poor was imposed. 
The law then began to enforce a duty which had hitherto been 
enforced by religion, and very naturally it adopted for this purpose 
the geography of the Church. In course of time other rates were 
imposed by Parliament, and the poor's rate was taken as their model. 
Thus the parish became the important district for most purposes of 
local government and taxation."* 

The transformation from vill to parish may have begun indeed 
before the Tudor time, but certainly it was Tudor legislation which 
threw secular duties on an ecclesiastical organization. 

A more lengthy passage a few pages further on gives additional 
insight into this difficult subject, and by the great kindness of the 



* History of English LaWy Pollock & Maitland, vol. i, p. 599. 
a Ibid,y vol. i, p. 548. 
^Ibidy vol.i, p. 548. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 24 1 

authors we are permitted to repeat the important words below: — * 
"The Manor and the Township. 



" Whether* or no the church-rate has a remote origin, whether it 
is connected with ancient church scots or light-scots, whether, on the 
other hand, the clergy have shuffled off a burden which once fell on 
them, we do not inquire. We think it, however, quite plain that in 
rhirtecnth the thirteenth century the general custom of the Churc ) of England, 
century, swerving in this form from the ius commune of the Catholic Church, cast 
the burden of repairing the nave of the parish church and providing 
the main part of the ecclesiastical apparatus, not upon the parson, 
but upon the parishioners, and that the lay powers left the spiritual 
tribunals free to enforce this custom by spiritual censures. But we 
are by no means satisfied that this custom demanded any permanent 
organisation of the parishioners, any * vestry* that would meet and 
grant a rate. So far as we can see the burden is a *real burden,* 
incumbent on land. The ecclesiastical power can, we take it, deal 
directly with each individual landowner, can excommunicate him and 
procure his imprisonment if he will not contribute his proper share 
to whatever expenditure has become necessary for the due repair 
of the fabric, and the question of necessity is decided by the 
ecclesiastical court 

"The duty of repairing the parish church is analogous to the 
duty of repairing the county bridges; it is planted in the soil, and 
to the soil it has ceded; it is apportioned according to hidage or 
acreage.' No doubt the occasional nature of the charge almost 
compels the rector or the archdeacon to deal with the parishioners 
as a body, to call them together and endeavour to persuade them 
that a wall is crumbling or that a new Missal is wanted. The 
parishioners will make terms with him ; they may vote him a rate 
to be assessed in this way or in that; and very likely, as they will 
have to pay, they will hire the workmen and buy the materials. 

" The splendour and costliness of the churches and their furniture 
increase very rapidly; the parson's demands grow heavier and more 



» Ibid,^ vol. i, p. 602-3. 

^ Among the best of many pamphlets on this subject are W. H. Hale, 
Th€ Antiquity of the Church Rate System (1837); W. Goode, A Brief History of 
Church Rates (1838); Robert Swan, The Principle of Church Rates (1837). 

• In Cambridgeshire the pontage was certainly taken as a tax on land. 
R. H., i, 50; the sheriff has taken from every hide in the county two shillings for 
pontage, whereas he used to take but sixpence. We see here no vote of the tax. 



242 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



frequent What goes on in the kingdom at large is going on in each 
parish. Money-voting vestries became as indispensable to the 
rector as money-voting Parliaments are to the King. Movable 
wealth must be brought under the sphere of taxation. To our 
minds it would be as rash to argue from the * vestries' or 
* parishioners' meetings of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries to 
similar assemblies of an earlier time, as it would be to argue that 
the Commons of the realm were represented in the Councils of 
Henry II because they were represented in the Parliaments of 
Edward I. 

"And so with the churchwardens. We are not persuaded that 
Thirteenth as a general rule there were churchwardens in the thirteenth 
century. ^gntury. They and their legal powers are, to our thinking, the 
outcome of two movements, one in the world of fact, the other in 
the world of legal thought. If the parishioners are compelled to 
provide precious books, robes, vessels, they will naturally desire to 
have their say about the custody of these articles; parsons have been 
known to sell the church plate. 

"Secondly, as we have seen, in the later Middle Ages, a dead 
saint or a personified ecdesia would no longer serve as a persona 
capable of proprietary and possessory rights. The lawyers are 
beginning to hold that the parson is in some sort the owner or the 
tenant of the church-yard and the glebe; they have to find an 
owner, at all events a possessor, for what in the past had been the 
chattels owned and possessed by a saint or a personified ecdesia; 
the churchwardens present themselves as claimants for property and 
possessions^ 



1287. 



1275. 



1370. 



Fifteenth 
century. 

1287. 



^ The first clear tidings that we get as to the incidence of the duty ihat is 
cast upon the parishioners lell us that they contribute " Secundum portionem tcrne 
quam possident in eadem parochia"; Synod of Exeter {1287), Wilkins, Concilia^ ii, 
138. John de Athona, Const. Othoboni, can. improbam, gloss, ad V. pera^endam, 
doubts whether the burden be *'real" or ** personal," decides in favour of reality, 
but on either side alleges nothing beyond ineptitudes out of Code and Digest. In 
1275 the township of Graveley contracts with a mason for the repair of a wall i»f 
the church; he is to have y. 2d. for the work, and a garb of wheat from every 
house; **the Attorney of the township" sued him in the fair of St. Ives; SeUci 
Pleas in Manorial Courts ^ p. 150. In 1370 we see parishioners assembled, 
making a regular rate and distraining for it; but it seems exceedingly doubiful 
whether their resolution binds one who has not assented to it; Y.B. 44 Edw. Ill, 
f. 18 (Trin. pi. 13). This case does not look as if a '* vestry" had an old and 
well-established power of granting, assessing, and enforcing a rate. As to the 
churchwardens, they l^ecome jrominent enough in the Year Books of the fifteenth 
century; but even then some elementary principles seem to be in dispute. Sec 
e,g. Y.B. II, Henry IV, f. 12 (Mich. pi. 23); 8 Henry V, f. 4 (Ilil. pi. 15): 
37 Henry VI, C 30 {Trin. pi. 11). The Synod of Exeter in 1287 had said 
" Ornamenta ecclesiae securae custodise committantur, non iamen sub cusiodia 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 243 

Having concluded a general statement concerning the origin and 
development of the functions of wardens, we turn to certain extracts 
from constitutional documents and other records, which afford definite 
evidence upon the many difficult points involved in the subject ; but 
first it would appear desirable to describe in the same general manner 
the action and condition of the parish. For this purpose no better 
authority can be drawn upon than the admirable preface of Bishop 
Hobhouse in his Churchwarden^ Accounts of Certain Parishes in 
Somerset} The learned writer is dealing with six parishes between 

9-1560. the years of 1349 and 1560. He does not give a time for the 
initiation of the parish system which he describes, and his deductions 
are made from transactions which are recorded at all dates during this 
time. For this reason, it is true, the constitution of the parish as 
described by him cannot be assigned to one particular period, but it 
seems probable that the system was in operation on similar lines during 

1349- the whole time, for it is noted that at Bath in 1349, his earliest date, 
the organisation is found to be already complete. And further, until 
earlier wardens' accounts have been brought forward and studied, we 
are led to think that this time may not be far from that of the 
institution of the warden system. The few references to Canon Law^ 
which it has been in our power to make would point to the 
conclusion that the finances of the parish were managed in all 
matters by ecclesiastics in early times. Pollock & Maitland hold that 
in the century before this time churchwardens did not generally exist ; 

^349- and in proposing 1349 as our starting point we are enabled to build 
from an epoch which was deeply scored in the history of parish life 
in England. That date when the Black Death carried off priest and 

laicorum^ nisi id nccessitas maior expostulaverit." The churchwardens' accounts 

irteenth edited by Bishop Hobhouse in 1890 for the Somerset Record Socirty, point to 

fifteenth ^e conclusion that in ihe fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the making and 

ituries. enforcement of a compulsory church rate was a rare event; indeed, the editor 

(p. 231) says that he knows of but one case before the reign of Elizabeth. The 

churchwardens seem to have got the money that they needed by means of voluntary 

gifts and legacies, and of church ales, which opened the purses of the parishioners. 

* Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, 1890. 

''To take instances at various dates which point in this direction: — 

Collection of Laws and Canons of tfu Church of Englattd. — S. Johnson, 
MDCCCL. 

740. Vol. i, p. 188. Canon a.d. 740, 28. "Let every bishop take care that the 

churches within his parish 1^ well built, repaired, and adorned." 
CJ44. Vol. i, p. 367. Canon 5. " That every bishop repair God's house in his 

own see, and remind the King that all God's churches l>e well 

provided." 
rtecnlh Also cf Bracton^ f. 226//, thirteenth century. " Et cum ecclesia fungatur 

ntury. vice minoris, acquiritur per rkctorrm et retinet per eundem sicut 

minor »per tutorem." 



244 churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 

people in such disastrous numbers, and by a dislocation of existing 
systems may have brought about a general reorganisation of parish 
procedure. 

The parish was the community dwelling in an area defined by 
the church, and organised for church purposes ; within this area each 
resident was a parishioner, owing his duty of worship and contribution 
to his church, and of confession and submission to his pastor, the 
rector or vicar of the rector. The officers of this constitution were 
the rector or his deputy, together with the wardens who were the 
chosen representatives of the parishioners; and the place of general 
meeting was the church.* 

It can be deduced from the entries in the accounts of proceed- 
ings which took place, coram parochianis^ that the formal acts of 
parishioners in meeting were : — 

(i) The yearly election of wardens; 

(2) The audit of the outgoing wardens' accounts ; 

(3) The transfer of church goods, cash, and live stock to 

the incoming wardens; 

(4) The consideration of the repairs of the church fabric, 

etc., and of ways and means. 

Such were the acts by which the parishioners arranged the 

discharge of the obligations which were enjoined upon them by 

the diocesan authorities.' According to Archbishop Winchelsea's 

constitution, which was in force from the beginning of the fourteenth 

1305. to the middle of the sixteenth century, the parishioners were bound 

to attend to the following particulars: — They were liable for the 

maintenance of the nave of the church, the books, the vestments, 

and a portion of the "furniture.*'' The whole purpose of this 

Ut parochiani constitution is to draw lines of demarcation between 

the liability of the parishioners and that of the clergy, and as such 

Fourieemh a demarcation was probably new in the beginning of the fourteenth 

century, century, we have another reason for feeling that here we are near the 

starting point of the new system, which is democratic, not feudal. 

The "books" were those which contained the various offices. 
The " vestments " were worn by the priest at mass and other services, 



^ Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, Churchwardens^ Accounts of Parishes in 
Sotnerset^ ranging from 1349- 1560. 

2 Cf. Injunction of Bishop Stapledon, Nov. 23, 1321, of Exetej-, to Sir Henry 
Champemoun, the patron, and the parishioners of Ilfracoinbe, that the church be 
enlarged within two years under penalty of ;^40. 

» See Lyndwood's Provinciale^ Lib. iii, Tit. 27. Johnson's Canons (ed. 1851), 
vol. ii, p. 319' 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 245 

such as the chasuble, the amice, the dalmatic, etc. The "furniture" 
included vessels, such as the chalice, the paten, the altar cloths, the 
processional cross, the censer, the pyx, the images in the nave, the 
bells, etc 

In order to provide funds for these purposes, rates (generally of a 
voluntary character) were levied, or recourse was had to special 
collections. It appears that usually compulsion was unnecessary, as 
contributions were elicited by means which dep)ended on exciting the 
good-will of the people. For instance, on holy days the employment 
of labour was forbidden ; and after attending the church services the 
people were drawn together by amusements directed by the church. 
There were Christmas and other plays, church ales, guild feasts, etc. 
And on these occasions contributions were made by the people, which 
were either devoted to the special objects connected with a guild, or 
came into the hands of the wardens for general purposes. 

Besides these sources through which funds were provided, special 
donations were made by persons whose names were recorded as 
benefactors. Their names were written in the "bede roll," and 
were read out to the parishioners on great days, that prayers might be 
offered on their behalf. These contributions varied from articles of 
small value, such as a girdle or a ring, to important gifts of live stock. 
And hence the wardens might at times have the management of 
sheep or cows, or even of bees on their hands. It is impossible to 
enumerate all the forms in which the church funds were assisted. 
The contributions appear in innumerable sha|>es in the different 
accounts which are accessible, and need not be further detailed ; but 
it is desirable to make special mention of one institution, which may 
almost be considered as a commercial undertaking, namely the 
Church House. 

In one parish* the Church House began by being a bakehouse 

for the Holy Wafer, then became a place for its sale, and finally 

iwnth developed from a brewhouse of the Holy Ale^ to a place of sale for 

""'^' that also, and so by the sixteenth century the Church House was the 

centre of the social life of the parish. There the parishioners enjoyed 



^ i,e. at TintinhuU (Somerset Record Society, Vol. IV, p. 195), where it is called 
Pandoxeterium. 1496-7. There is one siill standing in the churchyard at East 
Down in North Devon. 

« For the use of ecclesiastical ale cf. New English Dictionary, s.v. Church -ale. 
1 583. Stubbes, Anatomy of Abuses, 

95. The manner of Church-ales. Against a Christmas, an Easter, Whit-Sonday, 

or some other time, the churchewardens prouide half a score or twenty 

quarters of mault which mault, beeing made into very strong ale or beere, it 

b set to sale, either in the church or some other place assigned to that purpose 

they repaire their churches and chappels with it : they buy bookes for seruice. 



246 



churchwardens' accounts — METHLRY. 



Beginning 

sixteenth 

century. 



1549. 



1539-40. 
1563. 



Beginning 

seventeenth 

century. 



one another's hospitality, and even invited members of adjoining 
parishes to take a part in festivities. And from the proceeds a rich 
harvest was reap)ed, which was at the disposal of the wardens. 

In such ways the wardens were supplied with the means for 
providing the necessaries connected with the worship in their parish 
church, and so far they were the officers of the parishioners described 
as custodes bonorum or procuratores ecclesia. But beside the work entailed 
upon them by the management of these matters, their duties included 
the presentment of the moral delinquencies of the rector or parishioners 
to the Archdeacon's Court, and in this respect they were Bishop's 
Officers, with disciplinary functions empowered in the Visitation 
Court. It does not appear that purely civil functions were laid upon 
them until the reign of Henry VIII, when they began to receive 
orders to provide arms for soldiers, to relieve maimed soldiers, and 
otherwise to meet the public needs where there was no provision 
made by the Civil Government. 

Not long after this date, in the reign of Edward VI, a very 
important addition was made to their duties. For in 1549 the 
voluntary alms of the members of the Church were regularly demanded 
for the relief of the poor, and the wardens were charged to collect the 
donations and distribute them amongst the poor. Afterwards, when 
the mass of poverty, which had begun to be a serious trouble 
after the suppression of the monasteries in 1539-40, became too 
great . to be relieved by voluntary alms, a poor rate was imposed, 
and the wardens were empowered to levy the tax. During the 
reigns of Elizabeth and James I the office which they administered 
was used for further civil work, for the maintenance of army 
hospitals, the transmission of soldiers, and for the equipment 
of volunteers. And as the manorial executive ceased to deal with 
the civil interests of the community, the vestry became the 
chief local authority. By its machinery highways were made and 
repaired, the pound was maintained, the stocks were repaired, vermin 
were destroyed, and other work of the kind carried out 

We have little to add to Bishop Hobhouse's description, except 
to call attention to the fact, brought out in Lambard's treatise, 
p. 255, that the churchwardens were a corporation, and enjoyed the 
privileges and responsibilities of a legal position. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 247 

The necessity for such an arrangement is apparent since "a 
church is always under age, and is to be treated as an infant, and 
it is not according to law that the infants should be disinherited by 
the negligence of their guardians."^ 

A very good general picture of the parish life is also drawn by 
the Rev. W. W, Capes,' who ends his chapter by general references 
to certain Chantry Surveys, Gild accounts, etc. 

Turning now to the texts which form the authority of much that 
is described above, the writer would first express his regret that he 
is able to bring forward only a meagre amount of evidence from the 
Canon Law, and hopes that the blanks left by his ignorance may 
be supplemented later in a more satisfactory manner. 

There is a vast quantity of information to be gained on the 
subject from this direction,* for it is to be remembered that the 
ecclesiastical tribunals claimed jurisdiction in cases of land given to a 
church, and also the exaction of spiritual dues, tithes, mortuaries, 
oblations, and pensions ; that, as the last testament was so intimately 
connected with the last confession, the Church claimed to pronounce 
on the validity of wills, and also to interpret them*; and that generally 
English Law, more especially the English Law of civil precedent, 
was rationalised under the influence of Common Law.* 

And this influence has undoubtedly to be reckoned with, in spite of 
the limit authoritatively placed upon the scope of Canon Law, when in 
1532 Henry VIII forced Convocation (Canterbury) to sign a document 
known as the Submission of the Clergy.' In this the clergy engaged 
in the first place neither to meet in Convocation nor to enact or 
to execute new canons without the King's authority, and secondly, to 
submit all past ecclesiastical legislation to examination, with a view 
to the removal of everything prejudicial to the Royal prerogative. 

Having now considered some general aspects of the church- 
wardens' system, we proceed to the extracts upon which the above 
sketch is largely based. 



* Pollock & Maiiland, History of English Imw^ 1895, ^ol- i» P- 483, quoting a 
judgment of 1307. 

« The English Church in the Eourtecnth and Fifteenth Centuries (1900), 
pp. 272-278. 

' See the summary in the index of Gibson's Codex juris Ecclesiastici Anglicani, 

* Pollock & Maitland, History of English Law^ 1895. ▼ol- i» PP- 106-107. 
» Ibid,^ vol. i, p. 113. 

« Gardiner, Student's History of England (1890), vol. ii, p. 386. 



240 churchwardens' accounts. — METHi-EY. 

have searched in vain for such an organisation^ as might by any 
stretch be called the counterpart of the modern vestry. All 
organisation is manorial, is feudal, and though the township has to 
make payments, to send four good men to Court, and the rest, 
it can only be suggested that the Executive is not appointed by 
p)eriodical election, but that the work is done by permanent 
arrangement, and has become, in fact, a charge upon definite 
portions of the land. And yet, when the reader has accepted an 
apparently definite denial that any connection can be traced 
between the earlier and later systems, to his dismay he finds that in 
apparent contradiction our authors say that "in general the vill of the 
thirteenth century* has become the civil parish of the nineteenth." If 
this is not contradictory, what is the process by which the burdens of 
the manorially managed vill came to be undertaken by the popularly 
elected vestry? 

It is possible that Churchwardens* accounts supply the answer. For 
upon examination they appear to indicate that the 'vehicle' of this 
great change was the office of warden, and the quotation which follows, 
taken from the last- mentioned work, gives the explanation: — 

"*The parish* has in modern law supplanted the vill or 
township, owing to causes which did not come into play until the 
Tudor time, when the rate for the relief of the poor was imposed. 
The law then began to enforce a duty which had hitherto been 
enforced by religion, and very naturally it adopted for this purpose 
the geography of the Church. In course of time other rates were 
imposed by Parliament, and the poor's rate was taken as their model. 
Thus the parish became the important district for most purposes of 
local government and taxation."' 

The transformation from vill to parish may have begun indeed 
before the Tudor lime, but certainly it was Tudor legislation which 
threw secular duties on an ecclesiastical organization. 

A more lengthy passage a few pages further on gives additional 
insight into this difficult subject, and by the great kindness of the 



* History of English Law, Pollock & Maitland, vol. i, p. 599. 
^ Ibid,, vol. i, p. 548. 
^Ibid., vol.i, p. 548. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 24I 

authors we are permitted to repeat the important words below: — * 
"The Manor and the Township. 



" Whether* or no the church-rate has a remote origin, whether it 
is connected with ancient church scots or Hght-scots, whether, on the 
other hand, the clergy have shuffled off a burden which once fell on 
them, we do not inquire. We think it, however, quite plain that in 
rhirteenth the thirteenth century the general custom of the Churc'i of England, 
century, swerving in this form from the ius commune of the Catholic Church, cast 
the burden of repairing the nave of the parish church and providing 
the main part of the ecclesiastical apparatus, not upon the parson, 
but upon the parishioners, and that the lay powers left the spiritual 
tribunals free to enforce this custom by spiritual censures. But we 
are by no means satisfied that this custom demanded any permanent 
organisation of the parishioners, any * vestry' that would meet and 
grant a rate. So far as we can see the burden is a *real burden,' 
incumbent on land. The ecclesiastical power can, we take it, deal 
directly with each individual landowner, can excommunicate him and 
procure his imprisonment if he will not contribute his proper share 
to whatever expenditure has become necessary for the due repair 
of the fabric, and the question of necessity is decided by the 
ecclesiastical court 

"The duty of repairing the parish church is analogous to the 
duty of repairing the county bridges; it is planted in the soil, and 
to the soil it has ceded; it is apportioned according to hidage or 
acreage.' No doubt the occasional nature of the charge almost 
compels the rector or the archdeacon to deal with the parishioners 
as a body, to call them together and endeavour to persuade them 
that a wall is crumbling or that a new Missal is wanted. The 
parishioners will make terms with him ; they may vote him a rate 
to be assessed in this way or in that; and very likely, as they will 
have to pay, they will hire the workmen and buy the materials. 

" The splendour and costliness of the churches and their furniture 
increase very rapidly; the parson's demands grow heavier and more 



1 Ibid.y vol. i, p. 602-3. 

^ Among the best of many pamphlets on this subject are W. H. Hale, 
Th€ Antiquity of the Church Rate System (1837); W. Goode, A Brief History of 
Church Rates (1838); Robert Swan, The Principle of Church Rates (1837). 

> In Cambridgeshire the pontage was certainly taken as a tax on land. 
R. H., i, 50; the sheriff has taken from every hide in the county two shillings for 
pontage, whereas he used to take but sixpence. We see here no vote of the tax. 



242 



CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 



Thirteenth 
century. 



frequent What goes on in the kingdom at large is going on in each 
parish. Money-voting vestries became as indispensable to the 
rector as money-voting Parliaments are to the King. Movable 
wealth must be brought under the sphere of taxation. To our 
minds it would be as rash to argue from the * vestries' or 
* parishioners' meetings of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries to 
similar assemblies of an earlier time, as it would be to argue that 
the Commons of the realm were represented in the Councils of 
Henry II because they were represented in the Parliaments of 
Edward I. 

"And so with the churchwardens. We are not persuaded that 
as a general rule there were churchwardens in the thirteenth 
century. They and their legal powers are, to our thinking, the 
outcome of two movements, one in the world of fact, the other in 
the world of legal thought. If the parishioners are compelled to 
provide precious books, robes, vessels, they will naturally desire lo 
have their say about the custody of these articles; parsons have been 
known to sell the church plate. 

"Secondly, as we have seen, in the later Middle Ages, a dead 
saint or a personified eccksia would no longer serve as a persona 
capable of proprietary and possessory rights. The lawyers are 
beginning to hold that the parson is in some sort the owner or the 
tenant of the church-yard and the glebe; they have to find an 
owner, at all events a possessor, for what in the past had been the 
chattels owned and possessed by a saint or a personified eccUsia ; 
the churchwardens present themselves as claimants for property and 
possession,^^^ 



1287. 



1275. 



1370. 



Fifteenth 
century. 

1287. 



1 The first clear tidings that we get as to the incidence of the duty that is 
cast upon the parishioners lell us that they contribute "Secundum portionem tcrrse 
quam possideni in eadem parochia'*; Synod of Exeter (1287), Wilkins, Concilia^ ii, 
138. John de Athona, Const. Othoboni, can. improbam, gloss, ad V. peragendam, 
doubts whether the burden be "real" or "personal," decides in favour of reality, 
but on either side alleges nothing beyond ineptitudes out of Code and Digest. In 
1275 the township of Graveley contracts with a mason for the repair of a wall of 
the church; he is to have 3J. 2d. for the work, and a garb of wheat from every 
house; "the Attorney of the township" sued him in the fair of St. Ives; Seltct 
Pleas in Manorial Courts ^ p. 150. In 1370 we see parishioners assembled, 
making a regular rate and distraining for it; but it seems exceedingly doubtful 
whether their resolution binds one who has not assented to it; Y.B. 44 Edw. Ill, 
f. 18 (Trin. pi. 13). This case does not look as if a "vestry" had an old and 
well-established power of granting, assessing, and enforcing a rate. As to the 
churchwardens, they l>ecome 1 rominent enough in the Year Books of the fifteenth 
century; but even then some elementary principles seem to \yt in dispute. See 
e.g, Y.B. II, Henry IV, f. 12 (Mich. pi. 23); 8 Henry V, f. 4 (Ilil. pi. 15). 
37 Henry VI, ff 30 ( !>in. pi. 11). The Synod of Exeter in 1287 had said 
" Ornamenta ecclesiae securic custodise committantur, fion tamen sub custodia 



CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHLKY. 243 

Having concluded a general statement concerning the origin and 
development of the functions of wardens, we turn to certain extracts 
from constitutional documents and other records, which afford definite 
evidence upon the many difficult points involved in the subject ; but 
first it would appear desirable to describe in the same general manner 
the action and condition of the parish. For this purpose no better 
authority can be drawn upon than the admirable preface of Bishop 
Hobhouse in his Churchwardens^ Accounts of Certain Parishes in 
Somerset} The learned writer is dealing with six parishes between 

9-1560. the years of 1349 and 1560. He does not give a time for the 
initiation of the parish system which he describes, and his deductions 
are made from transactions which are recorded at all dates during this 
time. For this reason, it is true, the constitution of the parish as 
described by him cannot be assigned to one particular period, but it 
seems probable that the system was in operation on similar lines during 

1349- the whole time, for it is noted that at Bath in 1349, his earliest date, 
the organisation is found to be already complete. And further, until 
earlier wardens* accounts have been brought forward and studied, we 
are led to think that this time may not be far from that of the 
institution of the warden system. The few references to Canon Law'^ 
which it has been in our power to make would point to the 
conclusion that the finances of the parish were managed in all 
matters by ecclesiastics in early times. Pollock & Maitland hold that 
in the century before this time churchwardens did not generally exist ; 

'349- and in proposing 1349 as our starting point we are enabled to build 
from an epoch which was deeply scored in the history of parish life 
in England. That date when the Black Death carried off priest and 



laicorum^ nisi id necessitas maior expostulaverit." The churchwardens' accounts 

Hirteenth edited by Bishop Hobhouse in 1890 for the Somerset Record Socirty, point to 

d fifteenth ^^ conclusion that in ihe fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the making and 

enturies. enforcement of a compulsory church rate was a rare event; indeed, the editor 

(p. 231) says that he knows of but one case before the reign of Elizabeth. The 

churchwardens seem to have got the money that they needed by means of voluntary 

gifts and legacies, and of church ales, which opened the purses of the parishioners. 

* Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, 1890. 

2 To take instances at various dates which point in this direction: — 

ColUction of f^ws and Canons of the Church of England. — S. Johnson, 

MDCCCL. 

7^0. Vol. i, p. 188. Canon a.d. 740, 28. "Let every bishop take care that the 

churches within his parish be well built, repaired, and adorned." 
^^. Vol. i, p. 367. Canon 5. **That every bishop repair God's house in his 

own see, and remind the King that all God's churches be well 
provided." ^ 

hirteenth Also cf, Bracton, f. 226/^, thirteenth century. *' Et cum ecclesia fungatur 

century. vice minoris. ac(iuiritur per rector F.M et relinet per eundem sicul 

minor 'per tutorem." 



244 CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

people in such disastrous numbers, and by a dislocation of existing 
systems may have brought about a general reorganisation of parish 
procedure. 

The parish was the community dwelling in an area defined by 
the church, and organised for church purposes : within this area each 
resident was a parishioner, owing his duty of worship and contribution 
to his church, and of confession and submission to his pastor, the 
rector or vicar of the rector. The officers of this constitution were 
the rector or his deputy, together with the wardens who were the 
chosen representatives of the parishioners; and the place of general 
meeting was the church.' 

It can be deduced from the entries in the accounts of proceed- 
ings which took place, coram parochianis^ that the formal acts of 
parishioners in meeting were: — 

(i) The yearly election of wardens; 

(2) The audit of the outgoing wardens' accounts ; 

(3) The transfer of church goods, cash, and live stock to 

the incoming wardens; 

(4) The consideration of the repairs of the church fabric, 

etc., and of ways and means. 

Such were the acts by which the parishioners arranged the 

discharge of the obligations which were enjoined upon them by 

the diocesan authorities.* According to Archbishop Winchelsea's 

constitution, which was in force from the beginning of the fourteenth 

1305. to the middle of the sixteenth century, the parishioners were bound 

to attend to the following particulars : — They were liable for the 

maintenance of the nave of the church, the books, the vestments, 

and a portion of the " furniture. ''^ The whole purpose of this 

Ut parochiani constitution is to draw lines of demarcation between 

the liability of the parishioners and that of the clergy, and as such 

Fourteenih a demarcation was probably new in the beginning of the fourteenth 

century, century, we have another reason for feeling that here we are near the 

starting point of the new system, which is democratic, not feudal. 

The "books" were those which contained the various offices. 
The " vestments " were worn by the priest at mass and other services, 

1 Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, Churchwardens^ Accounts of Parishes in 
Somerset^ ranging from 1349-1560. 

2 Cf. Injunction of Bishop Stapledon, Nov. 23, 1321, of Exeter, to Sir Henry 
Champernoun, the patron, and the parishioners of Ilfracoinbe, that the church be 
enlarged within two years under penalty of £^0, 

3 See Lyndwood's Provinciale^ Lib. iii, Tit. 27. Johnson's Canons (ed. 1851), 
vol. ii. p. 319- 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 245 

such as the chasuble, the amice, the dalmatic, etc. The "furniture" 
included vessels, such as the chalice, the paten, the altar cloths, the 
processional cross, the censer, the pyx, the images in the nave, the 
bells, etc 

In order to provide funds for these purposes, rates (generally of a 
voluntary character) were levied, or recourse was had to special 
collections. It appears that usually compulsion was unnecessary, as 
contributions were elicited by means which depended on exciting the 
good-will of the people. For instance, on holy days the employment 
of labour was forbidden ; and after attending the church services the 
people were drawn together by amusements directed by the church. 
There were Christmas and other plays, church ales, guild feasts, etc. 
And on these occasions contributions were made by the people, which 
were either devoted to the special objects connected with a guild, or 
came into the hands of the wardens for general purposes. 

Besides these sources through which funds were provided, special 
donations were made by persons whose names were recorded as 
benefactors. Their names were written in the "bede roll," and 
were read out to the parishioners on great days, that prayers might be 
offered on their behalf. These contributions varied from articles of 
small value, such as a girdle or a ring, to important gifts of live stock. 
And hence the wardens might at times have the management of 
sheep or cows, or even of bees on their hands. It is impossible to 
enumerate all the forms in which the church funds were assisted. 
The contributions appear in innumerable shaj)es in the different 
accounts which are accessible, and need not be further detailed ; but 
it is desirable to make special mention of one institution, which may 
almost be considered as a commercial undertaking, namely the 
Church House. 

In one parish^ the Church House began by being a bakehouse 

for the Holy Wafer, then became a place for its sale, and finally 

tecnih developed from a brewhouse of the Holy Ale' to a place of sale for 

""'^* that also, and so by the sixteenth century the Church House was the 

centre of the social life of the parish. There the parishioners enjoyed 



^ i,e, at Tintinhull (Somerset Record Society, Vol. IV, p. 195), where it is called 
Pandoxeterium. 1496-7. There is one siill standing in the churchyard at East 
Down in North Devon. 

« For the use of ecclesiastical ale cf. New English Dictionary, s,v. Church-ale. 
1583. SixihheSt j4mUomy 0/ Aduses. 

95. The manner of Church-ales. Against a Christmas, an Easter, WhitSonday, 

or some other time, the churchewardens prouide half a score or twenty 

quarters of mault which mault, beeing made into very strong ale or beere, it 

is set to sale, either in the church or some other place assigned to that purpose 

I hey rcpaire their churches and chappels with it : they buy bookes for seruice. 



246 



CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS — METHLEY. 



Beginning 

sixteenth 

century. 



1549. 



1539-40. 
1563. 



Beginning 

seventeenth 

century. 



one another's hospitality, and even invited members of adjoining 
parishes to take a part in festivities. And from the proceeds a rich 
harvest was reaped, which was at the disposal of the wardens. 

In such ways the wardens were supplied with the means for 
providing the necessaries connected with the worship in their parish 
church, and so far they were the officers of the parishioners described 
as custodes bonorum or procuratores ecclesice. But beside the work entailed 
upon them by the management of these matters, their duties included 
the presentment of the moral delinquencies of the rector or parishioners 
to the Archdeacon's Court, and in this respect they were Bishop's 
Officers, with disciplinary functions empowered in the Visitation 
Court. It does not appear that purely civil functions were laid upon 
them until the reign of Henry VIII, when they began to receive 
orders to provide arms for soldiers, to relieve maimed soldiers, and 
otherwise to meet the public needs where there was no provision 
made by the Civil Government. 

Not long after this date, in the reign of Edward VI, a very 
important addition was made to their duties. For in 1549 the 
voluntary alms of the members of the Church were regularly demanded 
for the relief of the poor, and the wardens were charged to collect the 
donations and distribute them amongst the poor. Afterwards, when 
the mass of poverty, which had begun to be a serious trouble 
after the suppression of the monasteries in 1539-40, became too 
great . to be relieved by voluntary alms, a poor rate was imposed, 
and the wardens were empowered to levy the tax. During the 
reigns of Elizabeth and James I the office which they administered 
was used for further civil work, for the maintenance of army 
hospitals, the transmission of soldiers, and for the equipment 
of volunteers. And as the manorial executive ceased to deal with 
the civil interests of the community, the vestry became the 
chief local authority. By its machinery highways were made and 
repaired, the pound was maintained, the stocks were repaired, vermin 
were destroyed, and other work of the kind carried out 

We have little to add to Bishop Hobhouse's description, except 
to call attention to the fact, brought out in Lambard's treatise, 
p. 255, that the churchwardens were a corporation, and enjoyed the 
privileges and responsibilities of a legal position. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 247 

The necessity for such an arrangement is apparent since "a 
church is always under age, and is to be treated as an infant, and 
it is not according to law that the infants should be disinherited by 
the negligence of their guardians."^ 

A very good general picture of the parish life is also drawn by 
the Rev. W. W. Capes,' who ends his chapter by general references 
to certain Chantry Surveys, Gild accounts, etc. 

Turning now to the texts which form the authority of much that 
is described above, the writer would first express his regret that he 
is able to bring forward only a meagre amount of evidence from the 
Canon Law, and hopes that the blanks left by his ignorance may 
be supplemented later in a more satisfactory manner. 

There is a vast quantity of information to be gained on the 
subject from this direction,' for it is to be remembered that the 
ecclesiastical tribunals claimed jurisdiction in cases of land given to a 
church, and also the exaction of spiritual dues, tithes, mortuaries, 
oblations, and pensions ; that, as the last testament was so intimately 
connected with the last confession, the Church claimed to pronounce 
on the validity of wills, and also to interpret them*; and that generally 
English Law, more especially the English Law of civil precedent, 
was rationalised under the influence of Common Law.* 

And this influence has undoubtedly to be reckoned with, in spite of 
the limit authoritatively placed upon the scope of Canon Law, when in 
1532 Henry VIII forced Convocation (Canterbury) to sign a document 
known as the Submission of the Clergy.' In this the clergy engaged 
in the first • place neither to meet in Convocation nor to enact or 
to execute new canons without the King's authority, and secondly, to 
submit all past ecclesiastical legislation to examination, with a view 
to the removal of everything prejudicial to the Royal prerogative. 

Having now considered some general aspects of the church- 
wardens' system, we proceed to the extracts upon which the above 
sketch is largely based. 



* Pollock & Maiiland, History of EngHsh Law, 1895, ^ol* i» P- 483» quoting a 
judgment of 1307. 

« The English Church in the Fourteenth and FifUenth Centuries (1900), 
pp. 272-278. 

* See the summary in the index of Gibson*s Codex juris Ecclesiastici Anglicani, 

* Pollock & Maitland, f/istory of English Law, 1895, vol. i, pp. 106-107. 
^ Ibid,, vol. i, p. 113. 

« Gardiner, Student's History of England (1890), vol. ii, p. 386. 



248 churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



EXTRACTS FROM J. JOHNSON 

(A CcUection of Laws and Canons of the Church of England) 

[Translated and annotated by J. Johnson, 1720], 

Which bear upon the duties of Churchwardens according 
to Canon Law. 

[Figures after the letters " Jo." indicate the volume and page in 
fohnson (Oxford, edition 1850.)] 

1322. No. 6. " We enjoin archdeacons and their officials in their visitations J<>- "» 33 

Constitutions q|- churches to cause the vessels, vestments, books, and other things 
of Archbishop . ^ .j ^ V • j j , . , 

Reynolds. belonging to the said offices to be wntten down, and have a special 

regard to the fabric of the church and especially of the chancel'; 

and that they fix a certain time for the supplying such defects as 

they find therein under some penalty." 

1440. On this closing passage Lyndwood, in his ProinnciaU {circa 1440), 

raises the following question : — " Sed nunquid Gardiani ecclesiae^ ad 
hujusmodi reparationem faciendam, et alias ad bona ecclesiae dis- 
ponenda electi, possunt per poenam hujusmodi (sc : excommunicationis, 
vel suspensionis aut per poenam aliam) compelli ad reparationem de 
qua hie dicit"^ 

1416. *'We ordain that*' the bishops and their officials " diligently make J°- "» 4^ 

Archbishop enquiry in their several jurisdictions in every rural deanery twice at 

Chichley's ^'^ ^ ^ . c . j 

Constitution least every year after persons suspected of heresy, and cause 3 or 

with regard more men of good report in every deanery and parish in which 

heretics are said to dwell, to swear on God's holy gospels that if they 

know any heretics, etc., they will inform against and discover 

in writing those persons to our said suffragans, archdeacons, 

or their commissaries." 

(Punishment described.) 

Johnson's note on the above runs as follows : — " From the time that Jo- "» 4S 
the repairs of the churches and the ornaments thereof were laid as 
a charge on the parishioners, and this charge was defrayed in part 
by assessments or levies, it was absolutely necessary that there should 
be settled officers, or certain men assigned to take care of those 
reparations and ornaments, and to receive such bequests and levy 
such sums as were necessary for those purposes. As we are sure 

^ It is interesting to note in Canon Law in the Church of England (Maitland, 
1898, page 42) the following sentence : — ** One English custom diverging from the 
ius commune is one that imposes on the parishioners, and not on the rector, the burden 
of maintaining the nave of the parish church." 

2 Lib. i, Tit. 10, gl. Sub pcena Contemptus (Oxford, 1679, page 53). 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 249 

that church assessments were made in the beginning of the fourteenth 
century (see the preceding), so we may be certain that from that time 
forward these officers were often obliged to make presentments of 
such as made default in paying their church rates, and were, by 
other matters incident to their office, more directly under the 
inspection of the ecclesiastical court than other parishioners. And 
when the zeal of the prelates against Lollardy prompted them to 
make more frequent and strict enquiry into the behaviour of the 
people than formerly, they thought it necessary, not only to charge a 
certain number of men on oath, as they had formerly done in their 
synods and chapters, to discover such past scandals and offences as 
they knew, but to have two or three in each parish sworn to make 
discoveries of this sort for the time to come." 

The churchwardens were not necessarily, but naturally became, 
these * presenters.' 

The destruction of relics and images. 

The completion of the suppression of the monasteries. 

The first prayer-book of Edward I. 



EXTRACT FROM E. GIBSON 

{Codex juris Eccksiastici Anglicani^ London, 17 13) 
Concerning the duty of Churchwardens. 
[A number following the letters **Gi." indicates the page in GibsonJX 
1 55 1. "The Bread and Wine for the Communion shall be provided byGi. 475. 

Mw. VI. the Curate and the Church-wardtfis at the charges of the Parish." 



EXTRACTS FROM G. W. PROTHERO 

{Statutes and Constitutional Documents^ 1559-^625), 

Which bear upon the Duties of Churchwardens according 
to Act of Parliament. 

[A number following the letters "Pr.'* indicates the page in Prothero 
(1894 edition)]. 

Sec. 3. In the Act of Uniformity it became law that "all persons Pr. 17. 

residing in the Queen's Majesty's dominions should resort to their 

parish church upon every Sunday and other days ordained 

J*^ .J as Holy Days and there abide orderly and soberly during the 

time of Common Prayer upon pain of punishment by the 

censures of the Church, and also upon pain that every person so 



250 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



1559. 

The Queen's 
Injunctions 
(Sparrow's 
Articles). 



1563. 
5 Eliz., 
Cap. III. 

Act for the 
relief of 
the poor. 



offending shall forfeit for every such offence 12 pence, to be levied 
by the churchwardens of the parish where such offence shall be 
done, to the use of the poor of the same parish " 

Sec. 5. " Further, that all Justices of Oyer and Determiner or Pr- 18. 
Justices of Assize shall have power in their open and general sessions 
to enquu-e, hear, and determine ... all manner of (such) offences." 

Sec. 24. "The churchwardens .... in every church shall provide Pr. 186. 
a comely and honest pulpit " 

Sec. 25. "Also, they shall provide a strong chest ^- J^;. 

having three keys, whereof one shall remain in the custody of the 
parson .... and the other two in the custody of the churchwardens^ 

or any other two honest men to be appointed ; which chest 

they shall fasten in a most convenient place, to the intent the 

parishioners should put into it their oblations and alms for their 

poor neighbours , the which alms the keepers of the 

keys shall distribute in the presence of the whole parish or six 

of them, to be truly and faithfully delivered unto, their most needy 
neighbours, and if they be provided for, then to the reparation of 
highways next adjoining, or to the poor people of such parishes 
near, as shall be thought best." 

Sec. 2. " The parson and churchwardens shall have written in a Pr. 4^- 

register as well the names of the inhabitants as also 

the names of all such impotent, aged, and needy persons as be 

within their parish and shall openly in the church, and 

after divine service, call the said householders and inhabitants 

together and shall appoint yearly two able persons or more, 

to be gatherers of the charitable alms of all the residue 

of the people inhabiting in the parish which collectors the 

Sunday next after their election, or the Sunday next following 

when the people are at the church at divine service, 

shall gently ask and demand of every man and woman what 
they of their charity will be contented to give weekly towards 
the relief of the poor, and the same to be written in the said 

register and the said gatherers shall justly gather 

and truly distribute the same alms weekly " 

Sec. 7. "And be it further enacted, that if any person being able Pr. 43. 
to further this charitable work, do obstinately refuse reasonably 

to give towards the relief of the poor the parson 

and churchwardens shall then gently exhort 

him towards the relief of the poor; and if he will not so be 
persuaded the bishop's ordinary shall send for him to 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 2 5 1 

induce him by charitable means to extend charity to the poor 

and if the person shall obstinately refuse the bishop 

or ordinary shall have full power to bind the said 

obstinate person unto the Queen by recognisance with 

condition that the said obstinate person shall personally 

appear before the Justices of Peace and if any such obstinate 

person refuse then the said Bishop shall have 

authority to commit the said obstinate person to prison." 

Sec. 8. "And further it shall be lawful for the P'-43- 

Mayor with the churchwardens to cess, tax, and limit 

upon every such obstinate person what sum the said obstinate 

person shall pay weekly towards the relief of the poor." 



THE RISING OF THE NORTH. 

In 1569 the Rising of the North took place, and in documents 
relating to this rebellion, churchwardens and their duties are 
occasionally subjects of special notice. We quote several instances 
from one of the publications of the Surtees Society with respect 
to the responsibilities which lay in awkward times upon the 
unfortunate churchwarden : as appears below. It had been the 
duty of the curate and churchwardens to quietly take down and 
destroy altars, and yet certain persons did in this year 1569, *" by the 

instigation of the devell unlawefuUy erecte an alter, or holy 

water fait ,...." and so on. 

At a time when "all churchwardens ought to provide one boke 
of the whole Bible of the largest volume, one boke of Common 
Prayer, two bokes of Homelies, and all other Church Bokes to the 
use of the parish," yet "Robert Gilson and William Merley and 
other churchwardens and parishioners of St. Giles, not having the 
feare of God before their eies did not only set up certen alters, but 
also burne, teare, and utterly destroy " the said books. 

William Wright, of Elvett, tynker, aged 40 years, churchwarden 
of St. Oswald's, Durham, confessed that he did set up an altar and 
a holy water stone, heard Mass, and took absolution from William 
Holmes, "and commendyd the old servic in dispraise of this service 
sett furth by the Quene's Majestic, and ys sory for the same." 
A fellow churchwarden^ Robert Tedcastell, tailyer, aged 40, agrees 
with W. Wright in every point of his answer. 



^ Surtees Society Publications, vol. xxi, p. 129, et seq^ 



252 



CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 



Thomas Richmond, carpenter, aged 40 ; William Rawling, 
husbandman, aged 58, Christopher Whitfield, husbandman, aged 
40, both of Sherborn; William Sklaitor, of Eldon, husbandman, 
aged 60; Roland Hyxson, of Sedgfeilde; Th. Collinge, of Long- 
newton, husbandman, aged 60, churchwardens^ all confessed to 
similar wrongdoings Their names, ages, and employments have 
been quoted, as it is of no little interest to note the kind of men 
who held this position at that time. 



EXTRACTS FROM PROTHERO. 



Sec. 38. " Provided always, that whereas by reason of this Act Pr. 72. 
the common gaols are like to be greatly pestered with a more 



1572. 

14 Eliz., 
Cap. V. 

number of prisoners than heretofore hath been it shall be 

Punish'ment of ^^^^"^ for the Justices of the Peace of every shire, at their General 

Vagabonds Quarter Sessions to rate and tax every parish within the said 

shires at such reasonable sums of money for the relief of the said 

prisoners as they shall think convenient, so that the said taxation 

doth not exceed above 6^/. or 8^. by the week out of every parish, 

and that the churchwardens of every parish shall every Sunday levy 

the same " 

The Recusancy Laws. 

" For the preventing of such great inconveniences as Pr. 89, 

might happen by the wicked practices of seditious 

sectaries .... be it enacted .... that if any person .... of 16 years 



and for the 
relief of the 
poor and 
impotent. 



1581. 

1593. 
35 EUz., 
Cap. I. 



Act to retain which shall obstinately refuse to repair to some church .... to hear 
divine service established by her Majesty's laws .... by the space of 



subjects in 
obedience. 



1598. 

39-40 Eliz. 
Cap. III. 



a month or persuade any other to abstain from 

coming to church that then every such person, being 

thereof lawfully convicted, shall be committed to prison " 

Sec. 5. "That if any person shall relieve, maintain, Pr- 9'- 

any person which shall obstinately refuse to come to some church 

, then every person offending as aforesaid, after notice 

thereof given to him by the ordinary of the diocese or or 

churchwarden of the parish where such person shall be, shall forfeit 

to the Queen's Majesty for every person so relieved j[,\o for 

every month that he shall so relieve any such person 

offending " 

Sec. I. "Be it enacted. That the churchwardens of every parish Pr. 961 
and four substantial householders, there being subsidy men .... shall 
be called overseers of the poor of the same parish ; and they shall take 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 253 

Act for the order for setting to work of the children whose parents 

the poor. ^^^^^ ^^^ t)e thought able to keep their children 

and also to raise by taxation a convenient stock of flax, 

hemp, wool, thread, iron, and other thrift, to set the poor on work, and 
also competent sums of money for the necessary relief of the lame, 

impotent, old, blind and also for the putting out of such 

children to be apprentices. Which said churchwardens and overseers 

shall meet together at the least once every month in the Pr. 97. 

church of the said parish, upon the Sunday in the afternoon, after 
divine service, there to consider of some good course to be taken 

in the premises, and shall within four days after the end of 

the year make and yield up to two Justices of Peace 

a true account of money received, or rated and 

cessed and not received upon pain that every one 

absenting themselves without lawful cause from such monthly 

meeting to forfeit for every such default 20s. 

Sec 3. " And that it shall be lawful for the said churchwardens Pr. 97. 

by warrant from any .... two Justices of Peace to levy .... 

money of everyone that shall refuse to contribute by distress 

and sale of the offender's goods " 

Sec. 4. ** It shall be lawful for the said churchwardens Pr. 98- 

.... to bind any such children .... to be apprentices .... till such 
man-child shall come to the age of 24 years, and such woman-child 
to the age of 21 years . . . ." 

Sec. 5. ". . . . It shall be lawful for the ... . churchwardens . . . . , Pr. 98. 
by the leave of the lord or lords of the manor whereof any waste or 

common within their parish is parcel , to erect in fit and 

convenient places of habitation in such waste or common, at the 

general charges of the parish , convenient houses of dwelling 

for the said impotent poor . . . ." 

Sec. II. "That all ... . forfeitures before mentioned in this Act Pr. 99. 
shall be employed to the use of the poor of the same parish." 

Sec. 12. "And forasmuch as all begging is forbidden by this Pr. 99. 

Act . . . . , the Justices of the Peace shall rate every parish so 

as no parish be rated above the sum of 6d., nor under the sum of 

i^d. weekly , which sums so taxed shall be yearly assessed by 

the agreement of the parishioners within themselves, or in default 
thereof by the churchwardens and constables . . . ." 

Sec. 13. "That the said Justices of the Peace shall set Pr.ioo 

down what money shall be sent quarterly out of every county 

for the relief of the poor prisoners of the King's Bench and 



244 CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

people in such disastrous numbers, and by a dislocation of existing 
systems may have brought about a general reorganisation of parish 
procedure. 

The parish was the community dwelling in an area defined by 
the church, and organised for church purposes ; within this area each 
resident was a parishioner, owing his duty of worship and contribution 
to his church, and of confession and submission to his pastor, the 
rector or vicar of the rector. The officers of this constitution were 
the rector or his deputy, together with the wardens who were the 
chosen representatives of the parishioners; and the place of general 
meeting was the church.* 

It can be deduced from the entries in the accounts of proceed- 
ings which took place, coram parochianiSy that the formal acts of 
parishioners in meeting were : — 

(i) The yearly election of wardens; 

(2) The audit of the outgoing wardens' accounts ; 

(3) The transfer of church goods, cash, and live stock to 

the incoming wardens; 

(4) The consideration of the repairs of the church fabric, 

etc., and of ways and means. 

Such were the acts by which the parishioners arranged the 

discharge of the obligations which were enjoined upon them by 

the diocesan authorities.* According to Archbishop Winchelsea's 

constitution, which was in force from the beginning of the fourteenth 

1305. to the middle of the sixteenth century, the parishioners were bound 

to attend to the following particulars : — They were liable for the 

maintenance of the nave of the church, the books, the vestments, 

and a portion of the ** furniture.'*^ The whole purpose of this 

Ut parochiani constitution is to draw lines of demarcation between 

the liability of the parishioners and that of the clergy, and as such 

Kourieenih a demarcation was probably new in the beginning of the fourteenth 

century, century, we have another reason for feeling that here we are near the 

starting point of the new system, which is democratic, not feudal. 

The "books" were those which contained the various offices. 
The " vestments " were worn by the priest at mass and other services, 



1 Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, Churchwardens^ Accounts of Parishes in 
Somerset^ ranging from 1349- 1560. 

^ Cf. Injunction of Bishop Stapledon, Nov. 23, 132 1, of Exeter, to Sir Henry 
Champemoun, the patron, and the parishioners of IliTacoinl)e, that the church be 
enlarged within two years under penalty of £^0. 

» See Lyndwood's ProvinciaUy Lib. iii, Tit. 27. Johnson's Canons (ed. 185 1), 
vol. ii, p. 319' 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 245 

such as the chasuble, the amice, the dalmatic, etc. The "furniture" 
included vessels, such as the chalice, the paten, the altar cloths, the 
processional cross, the censer, the pyx, the images in the nave, the 
bells, etc 

In order to provide funds for these purposes, rates (generally of a 
voluntary character) were levied, or recourse was had to special 
collections. It appears that usually compulsion was unnecessary, as 
contributions were elicited by means which depended on exciting the 
good-will of the people. For instance, on holy days the employment 
of labour was forbidden ; and after attending the church services the 
people were drawn together by amusements directed by the church. 
There were Christmas and other plays, church ales, guild feasts, etc. 
And on these occasions contributions were made by the people, which 
were either devoted to the special objects connected with a guild, or 
came into the hands of the wardens for general purposes. 

Besides these sources through which funds were provided, special 
donations were made by persons whose names were recorded as 
benefactors. Their names were written in the "bede roll," and 
were read out to the parishioners on great days, that prayers might be 
offered on their behalf. These contributions varied from articles of 
small value, such as a girdle or a ring, to important gifts of live stock. 
And hence the wardens might at times have the management of 
sheep or cows, or even of bees on their hands. It is impossible to 
enumerate all the forms in which the church funds were assisted. 
The contributions appear in innumerable shapes in the different 
accounts which are accessible, and need not be further detailed ; but 
it is desirable to make special mention of one institution, which may 
almost be considered as a commercial undertaking, namely the 
Church House. 

In one parish' the Church House began by being a bakehouse 

for the Holy Wafer, then became a place for its sale, and finally 

tccnth developed from a brewhouse of the Holy Ale^ to a place of sale for 

'*"'^* that also, and so by the sixteenth century the Church House was the 

centre of the social life of the parish. There the parishioners enjoyed 



* i,e. at Tintinhull (Somerset Record Society, Vol. IV, p. 195), where it is called 
Pandoxeterium. 1496-7. There is one siill standing in the churchyard at E^t 
Down in North Devon. 

* For the use of ecclesiastical ale cf. New English Dktionary^ s,v. Church -ale. 
1583. SiahhcSy Anatomy of Abuses, 

9$. The manner of Church-ales. Against a Christmas, an Easter, Whit-Sonday, 

or some other time, the churchewardens prouide half a score or twenty 

quarters of mault which mault, beeing made into very strong ale or beere, it 

is set to sale, either in the church or some other place assigned to that purpose 

they repaire their churches and chappels with it : they buy bookes for semice. 



246 



churchwardens' accounts — METHLEY. 



Beginning 

sixteenth 

century. 



1549- 



1539-40. 
1563. 



Beginning 

seventeenth 

century. 



one another's hospitality, and even invited members of adjoining 
parishes to take a part in festivities. And from the proceeds a rich 
harvest was reaped, which was at the disposal of the wardens. 

In such ways the wardens were supplied with the means for 
providing the necessaries connected with the worship in their parish 
church, and so far they were the officers of the parishioners described 
as custodes bonorum or procura tores ecclesicR, But beside the work entailed 
upon them by the management of these matters, their duties included 
the presentment of the moral delinquencies of the rector or parishioners 
to the Archdeacon's Court, and in this respect they were Bishop's 
Officers, with disciplinary functions empowered in the Visitation 
Court. It does not appear that purely civil functions were laid upon 
them until the reign of Henry VIII, when they began to receive 
orders to provide arms for soldiers, to relieve maimed soldiers, and 
otherwise to meet the public needs where there was no provision 
made by the Civil Government. 

Not long after this date, in the reign of Edward VI, a very 
important addition was made to their duties. For in 1549 the 
voluntary alms of the members of the Church were regularly demanded 
for the relief of the poor, and the wardens were charged to collect the 
donations and distribute them amongst the poor. Afterwards, when 
the mass of poverty, which had begun to be a serious trouble 
after the suppression of the monasteries in 1539-40, became too 
great . to be relieved by voluntary alms, a poor rate was imposed, 
and the wardens were empowered to levy the tax. During the 
reigns of Elizabeth and James I the office which they administered 
was used for further civil work, for the maintenance of army 
hospitals, the transmission of soldiers, and for the equipment 
of volunteers. And as the manorial executive ceased to deal with 
the civil interests of the community, the vestry became the 
chief local authority. By its machinery highways were made and 
repaired, the pound was maintained, the stocks were repaired, vermin 
were destroyed, and other work of the kind carried out 

We have little to add to Bishop Hobhouse's description, except 
to call attention to the fact, brought out in Lambard's treatise, 
p. 255, that the churchwardens were a corporation, and enjoyed the 
privileges and responsibilities of a legal position. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 247 

The necessity for such an arrangement is apparent since "a 
church is always under age, and is to be treated as an infant, and 
it is not according to law that the infants should be disinherited by 
the negligence of their guardians."^ 

A very good general picture of the parish life is also drawn by 
the Rev. W. W. Capes,'^ who ends his chapter by general references 
to certain Chantry Surveys, Gild accounts, etc. 

Turning now to the texts which form the authority of much that 
is described above, the writer would first express his regret that he 
is able to bring forward only a meagre amount of evidence from the 
Canon Law, and hopes that the blanks left by his ignorance may 
be supplemented later in a more satisfactory manner. 

There is a vast quantity of information to be gained on the 
subject from this direction,* for it is to be remembered that the 
ecclesiastical tribunals claimed jurisdiction in cases of land given to a 
church, and also the exaction of spiritual dues, tithes, mortuaries, 
oblations, and pensions ; that, as the last testament was so intimately 
connected with the last confession, the Church claimed to pronounce 
on the validity of wills, and also to interpret them*; and that generally 
English Law, more especially the English Law of civil precedent, 
was rationalised under the influence of Common Law.* 

And this influence has undoubtedly to be reckoned with, in spite of 
the limit authoritatively placed upon the scope of Canon Law, when in 
1532 Henry VIII forced Convocation (Canterbury) to sign a document 
known as the Submission of the Clergy.* In this the clergy engaged 
in the first • place neither to meet in Convocation nor to enact or 
to execute new canons without the King's authority, and secondly, to 
submit all past ecclesiastical legislation to examination, with a view 
to the removal of everything prejudicial to the Royal prerogative. 

Having now considered some general aspects of the church- 
wardens' system, we proceed to the extracts up)on which the above 
sketch is largely based. 



1 Pollock & Maiiland, History of English Law^ 1895, vol. i, p. 483, quoting a 
judgment of 1307. 

« The English Church in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries (1900), 
pp. 272-278. 

* See the summary in the index of Gibson's Codex juris Ecclesiastici Anglicani, 

* Pollock & Maitland, History of English Law^ 1895, vol. i, pp. 106-107. 
fi fbid.y vol. i, p. 113. 

« Gardiner, Student's History of England (1890), vol. ii, p. 386. 



258 CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — MBTHLEY. 

After the end of divine service our good people are not to be Ga. 102. 

disturbed, letted, or discouraged from dancing, archery, leaping, 

May-games, Whitsun-ales, Morris-dances, maypoles. But bear and bull 
baiting, interludes, and bowling are prohibited. 

And later, this Declaration of Sports proceeds that "those 
Recusants are forbidden these recreations," who '* though they 
conform in religion, are not present in the church at the service of 
God, before their going to the said recreation;" also "such persons 
as shall use these exercises before the end of all divine services for 
that day, shall be presented and sharply punished by those to whom 
it belongeth in office, ^^ 

1640. In the Root and Branch Petition, "by many of His Majesty's Ga. 137. 
The Root and subjects against the Government of Archbishops, etc., with their 
Petition. Courts " we find among " the manifold evils, pressures, and 

grievances caused by the Prelates and their dependents " 

the two following included 

22. " The pressing of the strict observation of the Saints' days, whereby Ga. 141 . 
great sums of money are drawn out of men's purses for working on 
them; a very high burthen on most people, who getting their living 
on their daily employments, must either omit them or part with their 
money, whereby many poor families are undone or brought behind- 
hand; yet many churchwardens are sued, or threatened to be sued 
by theu- troublesome ministers, as perjured persons, for not presenting 
their parishioners who failed in observing holy-days." 

also 

27. The imposing of oaths of various and trivial articles yearly Ga. 143. 
upon churchwardens and sidesmen, which they cannot take without 
perjury, unless they fall at jars continually with their ministers and 
neighbours, and wholly neglect their own calling. 

1 64 1. Impeachment of the Bishops by the Commons. 

Resolutions of " Whereas divers innovations in or about the worship of God Ga. 197. 

Comm^'onson ^^ve been lately practised it is ordered 

Ecclesiastical "That the churchwardens of every parish church and chapel 

respectively do forthwith remove the communion table from the east end 
of the church, chapel or chancel, into some other convenient place ; and 
that they take away the rails, and level the chancels as heretofore 
they were before the innovations." 

After citing the things which are to be done away with, such as Ga. 198. 
crucifixes, "scandalous pictures," images of the Virgin Mary, tapers, 
candlesticks, and basins from the communion table ; after enjoining that 
corporal bowing at the name of Jesus or towards the east end or 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 259 

communion table be forborne, that the Lord's Day be duly observed 

and that dancing and other sports before and after divine 

service be restrained The Resolution directs that the Vice- 

Chancellors of the Universities, heads and governors of colleges, all 
parsons, vicars, and churchwardens, make certificates of the perform- 
ance of these orders.' 

1643. London in the hands of the Parliament. Charles I at Oxford 

planning to recover it. 

»645- The year of the self-denying ordinance and the constitution of the 

New Model in the parliamentary army. 

1647. No. 12 contains the demand that there be a repeal of all Acts or Ga. 321. 

Aug. I. clauses in any Act enjoining the use of the Book of Common Prayer 
Tie Hemds and imposing any penalties for neglect thereof, as also all Acts 

Pro^^als imposing any penalty for not coming to church, etc., 

offered by which eventually bore fruit in 1650. An Act was then passed Ga. 391. 
the Army. 

^ A sidelight upon the mode of election of churchwardens about this period is 
provided by a tract printed for Thomas Underbill, at the signe of the Bible, in 

1643. Wood Street, London, 1643. This rare tract is "a petition exhibited with all due 
respect unto the right Honourable the Lord Major and Aldermen of London," by 
Rich. Dey, Minbter of the Gospell, and b called The Right and Legall Church- 
warden. 

This petition ** declares and expresses" the churchwardens' ** lawful admit- 
tance unto the said office by the choice and appointment of the Lord Major and 
Aldermen of London, the Majors and Bailiffs of Cities and Corporations, and by 
the Justices of peace in each County through England, so that they may be 
legally authorised without any future dependance on the Prelates. 

And therein Richard Dey, Clerke, declaims against the long abuse of some ecclesi- 
astical laws, and proceeds that ** as we find it so exceedingly difficult not only to rectifie 
old bad laws degenerated into worse customes, but also to obtaine any better new, we 
have the more reason to "change those who have the management thereof "from 
bad to better persons, who, like good Bees, may gather the honey from those flowers 
of Law now in force, where formerly Spiders have gathered poyson," and argues 

1601. from the Act for the relief of the poor (looi) in the direction of the above preamble, 

1603. discounting the value of the Canon in Convocation at London (1603), dv which 
it was orcuuned that all churchwardens in every parish shall be chosen by tne joynt 
consent of the minister and parishioners, etc. 

The validity of the Canons is, we understand, a matter of controversy at the 
present day. (See Maitland*s Canon Ijzw in the Church of England,) But it 
cannot be denied that the practices enjoined by this impugned Canon of 1603 
are in many cases those in vogue with us in the twentieth century (Sir R. 

'53** PhiUimore, pp. 1842-3), in spile of the Statute of 1532, by which no Canon 
could be enacted *' without Royal license or against the laws and customs of the 

'603. land ;" the Canon of 1603 not having been recognised in this way. 

The end of Richard Dey*s tract is taken up by **a short touch of the nature 
and office of church- wardens.'' 

The defender of the church and church goods, he says, the Gucurdianus ecclesia^ 
the aediiuus qui sacris aedibus prcesty is net the Bishop's proper officer, whatever the 
Arch-Prelate of Yorke, B. Williams, may assert ; his office is of more excellency, as 
intrusted by the people Mrith all the Church and Church goods and the ministry 
thereof, to stand for them in the ministry against the Pope, Prelates, false patrons, etc. 
Richard Dey's position is defined in vigorous terms, but the result of his petition 
is at present not ascertained. 



26o CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

1650. repealing the clauses in previous Statutes which deal with persons 
Sept. 27. vvho do not come to church, yet ending with the following 

provision : — "And to the end that no profane or licentious persons Ga. 395. 
may take occasion by the repealing of the said laws to neglect the 

performance of religious duties, be it enacted that every person 

shall upon every Lord^s day diligently resort to 

some public place where the worship of God is exercised and 

that every person that shall not diligently perform the 

duties aforesaid shall be deemed offenders against this law, 

and shall be proceeded against accordingly." 

The Protectorate instituted. 
1653. jl^g Instrument of Government, 1653, in which the constitution Ga. 405, 

Instrument of is described, contains the clause — 

Government. j^q ^^ 'Phat such as profess faith in God by Jesus Christ Ga. 416. 
(though differing in judgment from the doctrine, worship, or discipline 
publicly held forth; shall not be restrained from, but shall be 
protected in, the profession of the faith and exercise of their 
religion exclusive of Popery, Prelacy, or licentiousness. 

A description of the duties of Wardens is given in a systematic 
form in R. Burn, The Justice of the Peace (1825), vol. i, pp. 600-618. 
And with the exemptions recapitulated by him we will close this 
series of extracts. Peers, he tells us, clergymen, Members of 
Parliament, counsellors or attorneys. Dissenting ministers. Catholic 
ministers, felons, persons serving in the Militia, non-resident 
partners, aliens, and, curiously it seems (by Statute 6 and 7 W. iii, 
c. 4), apothecaries who have served seven years, shall be exempted 
from the office of churchwarden} 

In conclusion we think that although this fragment of the Methley 

churchwardens' accounts comes next in point of time, dating as they 

1681-1705 do from 1681-1705, still it may be that the story would be made 

more complete by a record of the various Acts by which the position 

* A large number of churchwarden^ accounts, or at least extracts from them, 
have been printed at various times, either as part of the history of a parish or 
separately in local magazines or archaeological journals. A list of these appears in 
1695. ^^ English Historical Review, vol. xv, pp. 335-341, compiled by Miss Elsbeth 
Philipps. There are 146 entries in this list, which is arranged chronologically. 
The dates at which these records begin, range from 1349 to 1767, and the periods 
which they deal with vary from two years to 473 years. Some remarks are added 
in a separate column by the compiler, which indicate the value and the extent of 
the several transcripts, and the whole forms a most useful index to those who 
make this subject their especial study. 

Other lists, to some extent covering the same ground, without commentary, 
are to be found in Notes and Queries, 9th Series, IV (1899), pp. 301-2, 414-5, 
452-3; V (1900), pp. 63-4, etc. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 26 1 

of churchwardens has been affected or their functions reduced in 
modern times. And the following have been taken from a list in the 
Report to the Convocation of Canterbury, 1902, No. 367 : — 

By the Toleration Act there ceased to be any civil disqualification 
of citizens on the ground of religious opinions, and so the ideas and 
actions involved by the Acts of Uniformity (1552, 1558, 1662) passed 
away. 

By the Union of Parishes Act the parochial unit was disturbed, 
and this particular function of churchwardens interfered with. See 
also 1834. 

By the Church Building Acts pew-rents are set up as a source 
of income by which the Church may be served and the principle that 
every parishioner had a right to a seat in his parish church was 
disregarded. 

The Unions of parishes were extended beyond the provisions of 
the Act of 1782, and now churchwardens are no longer ex-officio 
members of Boards of Guardians. 

The Civil Registration of births and deaths superseded for legal 
purposes the Church Registers, and marriage by civil rite became 
recognised by law. 

By the Burials Acts (1852, 1853, 1880, 1900) the use of the 
church burial office and the consecration of the burial ground became 
no longer necessary. 

Compulsory Church rates were abolished, and consequently the 
obligation of the parishioners to maintain public worship was no 
longer recognised by law. 

We will not weary the reader who has survived by attempting a 
recapitulation, but prefer to apologise for an amount of undigested 
information, trusting humbly that in the preceding pages many facts 
have been borrowed which have been put side by side so as to 
partially elucidate the position of churchwardens in the development 
of the parish. For the wholesale borrowing we are indebted to the 
historians and scholars whose names appear in the many references 
above, and we would acknowledge with grateful thanks the very kind 
guidance of Professor E. C. Clark, Rev. W. H. Frere, and Professor 
Maitland, and would at the same time exempt them from responsi- 
bility of our own errors and want of system. 



262 churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS OF METHLEY 
PARISH, 1681-1705. 

Transcribed and Annotated by Rev. H. ARMSTRONG-HALL. 

A NUMBER of leaves of a manuscript book were found in a 
lamp cupboard in the Vestry of Methley Church about four years 
ago. The leaves measured 20 in. by Sin. About half the written 
matter relates to collections made in the Church and the distribution 
of the Easter and Christmas Doles during the latter part of the 
eighteenth century. The earlier leaves contain schedules of liabilities 
for the repair of the churchyard fence (some undated and one of 
1768), lists of bonds and securities (from 1672 onwards) due to the 
poor, a copy of a General Quarter Sessions Order relative to the 
duties of Constables and to vagrants; the accounts of the Church- 
wardens, the Constables, the Overseers of the Poor, and the 
Overseers of the Highways for the period (roughly) 1680-1707; and 
a list of the Churchwardens, Overseers of the Poor, and Overseers 
of the Highways from 1639 onwards. 

Of the accounts, those of the Overseers of the Poor are the most 
complete, but are of little interest, as they do not record much 
beyond the names of the persons who were in receipt of monthly relief. 

Occasionally the entries are varied with such as the following : — 

s, d, 
Pade to Mary VVedderall for one blankitt for winding' 

William Berkitt in 20 

Pade to Sarah WoUton for ale and for the bell 

towlling and grave making to John Shan one 

shilling and to Justis Whyte Clarke the whole is 3 o 

Or one is given a glimpse of the cost of fitting out parish orphans 

and apprentices, as (1699): — 

s. d, 
A coat a wast coat and a pare of breches for Tho. 

Burton 4 10 



1 By 18 Charles II, c. 4 (1666), it was ordered that burials were 
to take place in wool. 



CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

Or in the following more detailed statement (1705): — 

Laid out for Cloathes for Jane Field. 

September the 15 day 2 yardes and a halfe of 

wolse 

For buckram canuis whale bone and thred 

For coat makeing 

For cloath for 2 shifts and 2 aprons 

For a cap and a black band . 

For a pare of shooes .... 

For a pare of stockines 

For thred and makinge shifts and aprons 



263 



6 
o 

4 
o 

4 

2 

4 
6 



14 



The accounts of the Overseers of the Highways are few in 
number, and record simply the tons of stones, large and small, 
which were purchased for mending the roads, and the prodigious 
quantities of ale consumed in laying the material. 

The Constables' accounts range over the whole inner life of 
the township and its relation to the larger life of the county and the 
kingdom. Thus we read of county bridge money, of the hue and 
cry, of the arrest of vagrants, of the relief of seamen and travellers, 
cripples and persons on the way to "the spawes," and persons 
with "passes" and "letters of request," of the Fourteen Articles, of 
mending the pinfolds and the field fences, the ducking stool and 
the 'stocks, of " holburts " and " watch bills," of warrants for 
window money, of the building of " Yorke gaill" and the repair of 
" Hallifax beacon," of making a list of boatmen and " raisinge 3 
Soulgers," of repairing Leeds bridge, of "returning a list of Papists 
to Ledes Seshons" and drawing up a schedule of "Popish 
recusants," of raising the "Traine Band," and of relieving the 
prisoners at York Castle. The pages of the Constables' accounts 
include charges which in many parishes appear in the Church- 
wardens' accounts. Indeed, the distinction between the work of the 
two classes of officials is in some matters very ill defined. It is 
hoped, therefore, that in a future issue the Thoresby Society may 
publish the Constables' accounts of Methley, with further notesj and 
so render a more perfect picture of the Parish life of this village.^ 

1 In the Churchwardens' Accounts of Pittington (Surtees Society, Ixxxiv) the 
churchwardeas, the trustees for the poor stock, the overseers for the poor, the 
overseers for the high ways« were different persons at this period. 

An interesting comparison may also be made by reference to Memorials of 
Stepney Parish, Hill and Frcre. 1890-1. 



264 churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 

The list of Churchwardens and Overseers is of considerable 
interest. It is headed, "The names of all the Churchwardens, 
Overseers of the Poore, and Overseers of the Highwayes in the 
yeare of our Lord 1639." In subsequent years the date only, eg. 
1640, is given. The only break in the list is during the Civil War. 
After the names of those elected for 1643 is written, "Thess was 
till 1648," and then follow the elections for the last-named year. The 
Constables are not mentioned as being elected, though obviously 
they had to submit their accounts for the criticism of the parish. 

It may be noted here that the word Churchwarden does not 
occur in any Methley will till 1584, in which year Richard Webster, 
"peinter," gave "unto the makinge of a faire tabernacle and couer 
to be maid of faire timber to couer the foote or place of Baptising 
wthin the Parish Church of Methelay to be maid after the best 
manner at the order and ouer sighte and appointment of Mr. Wittm 
Lacie RoBte Laborne the younger and of the parson of Methelay 
the hole sum of \\)s, iiij^/. to be paid by myne executors unto the 
handes of the Church Wardens of the Parish Church of Metheley 
aforesaid." 

In order to bring the Churchwardens' expenses into some sort 
of a system we have divided them out into several sections, the 
description of which appears at the head of the columns of the 
schedule which follows. 

A glance at these columns will show how little expense was 
deemed necessary to maintain the fabric of the church, how very little 
was done towards cleansing and caretaking, what a large proportion 
of the total expenditure was absorbed by the bells and the clock, 
and that the most costly duty of the Churchwardens was to provide 
the bread and wine for the Communion. 

It might be expected that other sections, such as charity work, 
highways,^ etc., would claim more of the finances of the village, but 
as suggested above, although the general introduction to these 
accounts, pages 236-71, state that the Churchwardens were charged 
with such work in this case, much of it in different places was 
undertaken by the Constables. 

There are a few instances of payments for apprentices ; but no 
mention of education^ or of sanitary regulations occur. No notice 
of village festivities or interesting local events is to be found; but 



1 Mending the "causey*' was a favourite object of bequests in the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries. 

* The schoolmaster of 1686 was earning a small sum outside of education 
duties. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 265 

on the anniversaries of the Gunpowder Plot and the accession 
of Charles II the bells were rung, and the dates of the taking of 
Monmouth, the coronation of William III, and the Battle of 
Blenheim were commemorated ofl&cially in the same way. 

The bell-ringers appear to have charged only for these occasions, 
and to have rung their bells for the remainder of the year without 
wages. 

The personal names are well known in the district to the present 
day, though the foumardes and foxes have, we suppose, entirely 
disappeared, and from the small number of payments for the 
destruction of the latter, it may be assumed that the neighbourhood 
was already fairly well cultivated and populated. 

The reader will note with sympathy that in most cases the sums 
have been added up wrongly, and perhaps envy the Churchwardens 
their easy-going auditors. 

It will occur to him also that the total expenditure of the 
village through these officials was very small. It will have to be 
remembered however that the purchasing power of money has 
changed. For this reason two columns have been added to the 
scheduled analysis, in which Thorold Rogers' figures of the price of 
wheat by the quarter and of labour by the week are tabulated, 
thus giving some sort of a standard by which the amount of the 
village budget may be estimated. 

Little more remains to be said; the column of unclassified 
details contains sums of money allotted to persons for services 
which are unrecorded. For the rest, the commentator may leave the 
Churchwardens' accounts to tell their own simple story. 

The system of dealing with contractions and signs is as follows : — 
To expand all contractions, to rationalise the capitals, to avoid the 
repetitions of the symbols "y«" for "the" and "ff" for "f," but to leave the 
spelling as in each case the writer made it, and where these principles 
are in conflict, to print according to common sense. 



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churchwardens' accounts. — methley. 



267 



METHLEY, 1681-1705. 

The accompts made by James Pattyson and Richard Burton, Church- 
wardens for the parish of Methley for the yeare 1681. 

Received of the parish ... 6 o o 
^™- Disbursments. 

Paid at the Visitation to the Clark of the Courtt and for 

oure owne charges 060 

Paid to John Burton for oure sesmentt o i o 

Pade to the Ringers the 29^ of May o 8 o 

Paid to Darbyson for glazening the Church o 3 4 

For Coales and Lime and seruing him o o 4 

Paid to the head constable the 9 day of July for penson 

money. Aquittance for the same o 4 7 

Forgoing to Wakefeild with itt 006 

Laid downe for A Communion for Bred and Wine the 12 

day of September: our Charges o 4 2 

Pade to the Ringers the ^5 of November ... o 8 o 

Laide downe for bread and wine for a Sacramentt on 

Crismas day and for owne charges o 4 8 

Pade the 22 day of december for a booke for a fast day 010 

Payd to Genint Shan for washing of the surpleses 050 
Paid for bread and wine for a sacrament on Palme Sundey, 

good Fryday and Easter day i i 8 

For owne charges 010 

For going to Pontyfractt for Bred and wine o i o 

Paid for a pare of Indentures to Godfray Shan o 2 o 

And for going to Wakefeild for the Confirming of them 

by the Justices att the sessions o 2 o 

Pade to a pore man that came with a letter of Request 

for a losse by fire o o 4 

Pade to Abraham Hutchinson for the Register ... ... o i o 

Paid att the visitations att Wakefeild the 28 of Aprill ... o 6 o 

Laide downe for Bell ropes 030 

1 Charles IL entered London May 29, 1660. 

2 CHscoverv of the Gunpowder Plot, November 5, 1605. The belU are still rung 
on May 29 and November 5, and the ringers' wages are paid on those days. 



268 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



For oure oaths att Wakefield 

Pade to William Stanfeild for looking to the Clock and 
for oyle 



£ s. d, 
060 

o 17 10 



Received in the sesment .. 


. 6 


J. 


d. 


Disbursed 


• 5 


viij 


J 


Remaining in my handes .. 


. 


ii 


ii 


Abraham! Alowed by us 
Hutchinson ^ u ol 

John Shann 








Robert Nunns 









1682. An Accompt maid by Will. Roberts and John Webster, Church 
Wardens, in the yeare 1682 for the parish of Methley. 

At the visitations for swearing of us 

For our diners 

Spent after diner 

For the visitations book and the King's declaration^ 

For repaireing the Reuester* 

The 29 of May for ringing 

Paid to the head Constable for the releife of p'^soners 

For a Acquittance 

Expences to pay this money 

For the great bell string mending 

September the 10 for Bread and wine for a Communion 
Expences to buy the Bread and wine att pontifractt 

Given to a letter of request 

For ringing the 5*** of Nouember 

For a booke binding belonging to the Church 
For the little bell talking up and mending 

For the sesment drawing 

For Bread and wine att exemas 

For the midle Bell mending 

For the Church windows glasening ... 
For Bread and Wine att Easter 



I 


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2 


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3 


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2 


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^ Sc. the writer. See above. 

^ **Now that his" (the King's) "end was accomplished, he no sooner saw the 
Exclusion Bill {i,e. of James from the succession) reintroduced into the Commons 
than he suddenly dissolved the Houses after but a month's sitting, and appealed in 
a royal declaration to the justice of the nation at large." Green's History of the 
English People (1894), vol. iv, p. 1427. 

* = vestry. See Century Dictionary, which quotes several instances of the use. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 269 

£ s, d. 

For surples washing oo 5 o 

For waiting 2 dayes att Pontifractt Sessions 00 2 o 

Given to a letter of Request 00 00 6 

For the Clock looking to 00 13 4 

For the Church sweeping 4 2 

For the Clock mending and stringe ... ... ... 00 00 10 

For the Great Bell wheile mending 00 2 o 

Expences att the Visitations 00 6 6 

For a Hack* mending 010 



£ £ s. d. 

Received in the ley' ... 6 disbursed -695 

which is paid of the Towne 



The Accompts of John Rollings and Richard Ward, Churchwardens 
for the parish of Methley, A** 1683. 

Disbursed. 

Att the Visitations 

To Robert Lake for iron worke aboutt the bells 

Given in aile to those that helpt to take up bels 

Paid att VVakefeild for prissoners att York 

For our charges and the acquittance 

Paid to the Ringers upon the 29*** of May 

For the Sesmentt drawing 

Given to two men with a letter of request 

For bred and wine for a communion at Micaelm : 

For a new bell rope for the Great Bell 

Paid to the Clark att the Visitations att Micaelmas 

For our owne Charges 

Paid to the Ringers on the 5*** of Nouember 

For my Charges att Leeds sessions 

For Bread and wine for the Communion upon Crismas day 
Given to a traveller with a pas and a letter of request ... 
Given to M*^ Sauile boy for a fox head 
Given to a poore minister which came about 

Given to women with a letter of request 

Paid for the surples washing 

For bread and for the Communion att Easter 

1 Pickaxe. 

^ New English Dictumary. Lay, a rare word = a bill, or score. The instance 
giveD is: "And scttc heore costes in his lay." 



s. 


d. 


6 


II 


6 


6 


I 


6 


3 


4 





8 


9 





I 





2 


6 


4 


8 


4 


4 


4 


6 


6 


4 


9 








6 


4 


8 


I 





I 





I 


6 


I 


6 


£ 5 





I 3 


4 



270 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



Paid for entering Richard Sharp surrender 

For my charges att the Sessions, Pontyfractt 

For the leads poynting and lime 

Paid for the Register to our Clarke and for parchment 

Disbursed at the Visitations 

Given to a traveler with a pas and a letter of request 

Paid to the saxton for the Clock keeping 

And his wages... 

Received in the ses' 6 
Allowed the 23 of May s. d, 

M'Shan A° 1683 due to him ... 8 5 

George Burton which is paid him 



J. 


d. 


I 





I 








8 


I 


6 


6 


8 


I 


6 


13 


4 


£ 4 





6 8 


5 



Accompt maid by the Churchwardens by us David Lake and Richard 
Ward as followeth. 

;f ^. d. 

At the visitation Aprill 22 day, 1685^ 070 

To the Ringers on the 29 of May 090 

For bread and wine for a Communion at penticost ... o 5 o 

For our owne charges 006 

For lether to Coll er^ the bels 010 

For a letter of request the 29 of July o o 6 

Paid to the Chiefe Constable 034 

For our charges for carrying the money o o 6 

Paid to John Holling the 27 of July i 7 o 

Paid for our sesment writing 010 

Paid to M"^ Savile man for two fox heads o 2 o 

Paid to the Ringers the 5 of November o 8 o 

For a letter of request the sixtt of November o i o 

Paid for bell ropes ekeing* to Thomas poole o 2 6 

Paid for the revester mending, slate, lime and mosse* ... o 4 8 
Paid to Robertt Lake for Ireon worke about the bells and 

for help to take up the great bell o 4 6 



1 ses=cess, or assessment, 
a The date of the audit. 

3 Niw English Dictionary^ s.v, collar, an encompassing and restraining band or 
strap. 

1507. Louth (Lincolnshire) Churchwardens' Accounts. Paid Codder makyng 

bell colars x<*. 
1593- Vestry Books (Surtees Society, vol. xxxiv). Item, given for a bell 
coller xij<*. 

* = lengthening. English Dialect Dictionary. Eke = an additional piece to a 
bell rope. 

5 The moss was used to pack the slates, which are sandstone flags, and keep 
the cold air out. 



CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEV. 27 1 

£ s. d. 

Pade for a booke for a fast day ... o i o 

For bread and wine for a Communion at Xmas o 4 6 

For our owne charges ... ... ... ... ...006 

For bread and wine for a Communion of Palm Sunday, 

Good Friday and Easter day 128 

Our owne charges 010 

Paid to Genitt Shan for surplases washing o 4 o 

Paid to WiUiam Stanfeil for looking to the Clock ... o 17 4 

And his wages and for oyle 006 

Paid to Abraham Hutchinson for the register writing and 

parchment 016 

Cort fees att the Visitation when we went out and our 

owne charges o 11 8 

Paid the 22 of Octob: at Wakefeild at the Correction at 

Wakefeild for a Terrier of all the gleab belonging to 

the parsonage of Methley 050 

Allowed this account the day and year above sad and 

alowed the overplush to make up their Constable 

account in a rcare 

For this account recording ... o i o 
John Shan 
Edmund Morphy 
William Roberts 
John Rollings 

Disbursed in the yeare 1684 by us Thomas Coopers and William 
Pickersgill, Church Wardens for thatt yeare. 

At the first visitation 070 

For our sesment drawing 010 

For the book of Artickels' 010 

To the ringers the 29*** of May 090 

For two bell roopes 070 

Yorke Castle money and for the returne of itt o 4 o 

To John Arnell for foure foumards* heads o i o 

For ringers on the 5 of Nouember 090 

For a booke to invite us to the second visitation ... o i o 

* The Fourteen Articles. **The Fourteen Articles were to be 'diligently 
enauired of and particularly answered in writipe'*by High Constables, Petty Con- 
stables, and Tithing Men, and related to (i) Popish Recusants, (2) Felonies, 
(3) Vagabond Persons and Rogues, (4) Cottages erected contrary to the Statute of 
Queen Elizabeth, (5) Taverns and Tipling-houses, (6) Unlawful Weights and 
Measures, (7) Trespassers, Forestallers, Regulators of Corn and Maltsters, (8) Petty 
Constables, (9) Servants out of Service, (10) Bridges and Highways in decay, 

in) Stocks, Apprentices, and Bastards, (12) Profane Swearers and Cursers, 
13) Riots, Routs, Batteries, and Affrays, and (14) Neglectful Constables.'* {Cf. York- 
shire Post^ July 19, 1890.) 

* Foumard= polecat. 



272 CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

Given to a man which had a partickuler Brefe 

For bred and wine for a Communion 

Paid for two folmards heads 

At the second visetations 

For sertifficates for burialls 

Paid to a man which came from Kippax 

To John Johnson for his worke at the Church 

One pewther plaite for the Church 

One basin for the Church 

Att the Corrections 

For bread and wine for Palme Suday, Good Friday and 

Easter day 

For going to Roth well for wine 3 times 

To a ministers whife and her familie with a breefe 
For the second booke 

For plaits festoning about the bels ... 

For two stayes of ireon at the pulpitt 

For the Church linen washings 

To William Stanfeild for lookeing to the Clock 

It For sweepinge the Church and Tallow and bessoms 

For the Church Windows mending with glas 

To peter Sarjant for a booke 

For our paines waiting of the glasner and providinge lathers 

The second sesment drawing 

To our Clark for the Register writing in parchment 

For drawing this account up myselfe 

Received in the ses: 

Disbursed out of the same 

Due to the Towne 

Allowed this account the 25 of May, 1685. 
Robertt Nunns Spent at this account taking 

William Roberts For this account enteringe 

Anthony Roberts 



£ 


5. 


d. 





2 


6 





S 


6 








8 





6 


6 








6 





I 





3 











I 


2 





I 


8 





2 





I 


6 


2 





3 








I 


6 





I 








I 








4 








5 








13 


4 





4 


8 





6 


6 





1 








2 








I 








I 


6 





I 





12 








10 


2 


2 


I 


17 


10 





2 








I 






Methley. These are the accompts of Anthony Roberts and Peter Coats, 
Church Wardens, for the yeare A<> Dom, 1685. 

£ s, d, 
disbursments Att the visitations ... ... ... ... ... ... o 8 o 

"P* Two breefe boxes 020 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



A letter of request 

Fade to the Ringers the 29*** of May 
A booke for the 29**^ of May 

Yorke Castle money 

For goeinge to Wakefeild with it 
For ringinge att munmuth takinge' ... 
For takeinge the bels up 
It. To a poore minister ... 

For three quarts of wine att micaelmas 

For goeinge to fetch itt 

For a new bell roope 

Fade to the Ringers the 5'** of Nouember 

An eke for the great bell 

A letter of request 

For 4 quarts of wine for a communion att Xmas 

For three bell wheels makinge new... 

For Communion wine att Easter 

For bread and goeinge for itt 

Fade the Saxton for sweeping the Church 

For glasinge 

For washinge the surples 

Att the latter visitation 

For the Register writtinge 

Clock roopes mending 

For two Sessments writtinge 

Fade for lookeinge to the Clock a yeare 

Fade for a new lock for the Church doore 

Fade for Clock mendinge and dressinge and oyle 

For Ireon workes aboutt the bells ... 

Received in the ses: 
Disbursed 

Due to the accomptant 

which is paid to them. 

This accountt allowed Septemb"" the 30'** 
by John Savile, Esq"" 
Edmund Morphy, gen : 
A'> Don* William Roberts 



273 

s. d. 



10 

1 o 



o 13 
o 7 

o 5 
o 10 



900 
10 2 o 



2 O 



* Scdgmoor, July 6. Monmouth taken, July 8. Executed, July 15, 1685. 



274 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 



AoDom 1686. These beinge the accompts of Thomas Shillito and Wittm 
Church wardens, for the year 1686. 

Inipf Charges about the Church 
Spent at the visitation 

For our oaths 

For a proclamation Book^ ... 

For a Book of Artickles 

For the Sesment drawinge ... 

May the 29^ for Ringinge ... 

To Thomas Poole for a roape 

For two ropes moore... 

To the High Cunstable for poore p^soners 

At the Correction 

For one rope moore 

November the 5*** for ringing 
At X*mas for wine and bread 

For a fox head 

For a Citation 

For washing the Surplice 

Charges about Thomas Brigs 

At Easter for Bread and wine 

For a fox head 

To a poore man 

To Ralph Burton 

To Robertt Tod 

For a new hack and spade 

For dressinge two new locks 

To Abr. Hutchinson for the Register 

For the Register enteringe 

For Corte fees 

Spent at the visitation 



Crowder, 

s. d. 



5 

2 

o 
I 

9 
2 

I 

3 

I 
o 
7 

3 

I 
o 

4 
o 

19 

I 
I 

19 
I 

3 
I 
I 
I 

5 
8 



6 
o 
o 
6 
o 
o 
6 
8 

4 
6 
6 

2 
8 
o 
6 
o 
8 

9 
o 
6 
o 
o 
o 
o 
6 
6 
6 
3 



1 1686 was the year of the appointment of seven Commissioners for the 
government of the Church, with Jeffreys at their head. The object was to turn 
the Church back from Protestant to Catholic. We do not know if this 
proclamation had relation to the above, but it is to be noted that the opposition 
to the Commission was universal, and it is significant that the bells were still 
rung on November 5. 



churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 

For washing the Table linen and scouring pla 
For drawin the acompts to schoole master... 

Received in the ses: 6 

Disbursed out of the same ... 5 



In areare to the Towne which is paid for the use of the same 7 9 

Allowed this accompt May the 7*** 
by M'-Shan A*>D: 1688 

Robertt Nunns 

John Hollings 

George Burton 



2 


ns 


s. 


d. 





6 





6 


12 


3 



^^^^™ These being the accompts of Andrew Tompson and John Hewetson, 
Churchwardens, in the yeare 

{Page d/ank.] 



The Accompts of Adam Hargreave and Charles Ashton, Church 
Wardens, for the year 1688.* 

[Page blank,] 



These being the accounts of Robert Nalson and Henry Sheppard, 
Church Wardens, for the year 1689. 

Paid at the Visitation 

Paid for Ringing the 29'^ of Maie 

For York Castle money 

Paid for an asesment 

Paid to Robert Lake for looking to the Clock 
Paid for Ringing the 5'** of Nouember 

Given to a Breife 

Paid for Communion Charges on Cfex day 

Paid for one roop and splicing twice 

Paid for an otter's head 



£ 


s. 


d. 


00 


7 








9 


6 





3 


6 





I 








6 


8 





9 


6 








6 





4 


8 





I 








I 






1 William III. landed in England Nov. 5, 1688. 



276 



CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 



Paid for the leads mending 

Paid to Robert Lake for looking to the Clock ... 

Paid for one Shufle 

Paid for lime 

Paid for sane (sic) leading 

Paid for one stroak of haire 

Paid for the windows glaising 

Paid for the leads poynting 

Paid for Communion Charges att Easter 

Paid to John Lake for his wages 

Payd for oyle and beesom 

Paid att the visitation Charges on the 14*** day of May 

Paid for the book of Artickles^ 

Pade for the Register writing 

Paid for Ringinge upon Kinge William Coronation Day^ 
For drawing the accompts 

Remains due to the Churchwardens 

with 5** allowed for other charges 

Paid them this 16 day of May, 92 



£ 


S. 


d. 


... 


12 








6 


8 


... 


I 


2 


... 


I 


8 


... 


I 


8 


... 





6 


... 


8 





... 


14 





... 


18 


3 


... 


4 





... 


I 


8 


... 


II 





... 


I 





... 


I 


6 


... 


5 





... 


12 





GO 


17 


05 


...00 


17 


05 



Methley. 
1700. 



These be the Acounts of James Ward 
Church Wardens, for the yeare 1700. 



and William Heselgraue, 



Charges at the Visitations the last day of Aprill . . . 

For our booke 

Laide downe for bread and wine at Whisson tide... 

Paid for Ringinge on the 29 day of May, one bel mending 

Paid to Robert Lake for the Belles mending 

Paid for a Bell Rope mending 

Paid to Joseph Walsha and John Turpin for mendinge the 

Beles and for a pece of wood 

Paid to Joseph Walsha for a shouell and a spad euen .. 

Paid to Edward Man for 2 bell stayes makeing 

Paid to Edward Fosterd for making a spad and shouill.. 
Laid downe for bread and wine the 29 of September .. 

^ 6d. was paid in 1686 for a Book of Articles. 
2 The date was April 11, 1689. 



£ 
o 



J. 
10 
2 
3 
7 
3 
I 

3 
I 
I 

2 
3 



o 
6 

2 
2 
6 
3 



CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 

cjuembcr Paid to the Ringinge and for a pound of candles 
the 5. ^. 

Given to a passenger 

Paid to Edward Man his wages, oyle and bessomes 

Payed for bread and wine at Chrismas 

Paid to John Stones for lookinge to the Clock ... 

Paid to Robert Lake for mending the beles 

Paid to Thomas Downer for glasing the Church and for 

sowderinge the Leades and mending them ... 

William Heselgrave 2 days serueinge him 

For lime and hare for the Church 

Paid to John Wiat for makeinge a hoope and Bras for the 

great Bell 

Paid to Robert Cowwod for wire for the Clock ... 

Laid downe for bread and wine for Palm Sunday, Good 

Friday and Ester day 

For gooinge to markit for it 

For cleaning the plate 

Paid to James Sharpe for aboute the Church working and 

settinge a molion in the steple window 

Paid to John Wiat for mending the beles and for nales .. 

Paid for sendinge our R^ester to Yorke 

Paid to Edward Man for 2 bell stayes makeing .. 

Paid for parchment for the Regester 

Paid for Layinge the flagcs upon Mrs. Nunes* 

Paid to Mr. Caluerley and William Caill to imburs them 

For our ssesment makeing 

Paid for the Regester writinge 

Paid for the surples and linans washing 

Charges at visitations 

The sum totall ... 9 3 2 
May the ii***, 1702. Alowed by us 
whose names are here subscribed. 

M'Shan 

William Robert 

Anthony Robert 

^Register of burials for 1700:— **J"'** *he 12, M" Barbara Nunns was buryed." 
Rtfisterof baptisms, 1634:— ** Barbara daughter of John Nunns baptiied the 27th 
of Dccemb." 





2 


77 


£ 


5, 


d. 





9 


6 





2 








5 








3 


2 





14 








13 


3 





8 


4 





I 











6 





2 


2 




1 


4 


8 


1 



16 


6 





I 







1 


I 


6 





2 











8 





I 


4 





I 








I 











6 


I 


19 








I 








I 








3 








10 






278 churchwardens' accounts. — METHLEY. 

Methlcy. These be the Acounts of George Higham and Thomas Shillito, 
Church Warddins, for the year 1704. 

^"^P- Charges at the Vissitations 

May the 29, paid to the Ringers 

Paid for Candles 

For the sirpleas mending 

Paid to the Ringers on a thanksgiving day 

Paid for the Little Bell Rope spliseing 

Paid for the sirpleas and the table Linan washing 

Paid for the plate cleaninge 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Wissantide 

Paid for a stay for midle Bell 

Paid for the great Bell Robe splising 

Paid for a puUe for the Litle bell 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Michaellmas 

Paid to the Ringers on the 5 day of Nouember 

Paid for Candles 

Paid for a Boult for the great Bell 

Paid for thre Bell Ropes 

Paid to Robert Lake for a new gudgon the Littell Bell . . . 

Paid for takeing it up 

And for my owne labour 

Paid for a gudgeon mendind the midle Bell and wedges 

For taking it up ... 

For a plate for the great Bell whelle and for wedges and nales 
Paid for two crookes and a hesp for hanginge up the lader 
Paid for two puUies axelling buseses for them for the Clock 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Crismas 

Paid to the Ringers, Queen Ann Coronation Day... 

Paid for a neck for the sirpleas and mendinge 

Paid for parchment for Coppeing the Redgester^ 

Paid for drawinge of the Redgcster 

Paid for sendinge the Redgesler to Yorke 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Palme Sunday 

Paid for Bread and Wine on Good Friday 



s. 


d. 


12 


6 


9 








2 





6 


5 








4 


5 





I 





4 


8 


I 








6 





6 


4 


8 


9 








2 


I 





12 


6 


I 


8 


I 








6 


I 





I 


6 





6 





8 


I 





4 


8 


4 





2 





I 





I 





I 


4 


6 


8 


4 


8 



1 i.e. a copy of the Parish Register for the Archbishop, to be sent to York. 



churchwardens' accounts, -mkthley. 

Paid for Bread and Wine on Easter day 

Paid to Cuthbert Pease for two pullies for the Clock 
Spent of him for cominge to view the Bell frame 

Charges at the vissitations 

Paid Clarke wages fo: lookinge to the Clock 

Paid saxton wages 

Paid for kepinge Joshua Reads and his wife 2 days and 

two nights by an order 

For goinge to Sir William Lowther about them . . . 
Paid to David Boacok for goeinge in 

These acounts 
alowed by us 
Thomas Shillito Mr. Adkinson^ 

owes to the Towne Mr. John Shan 

sixtene shillinges William Roberts 



279 



9 

I 

1 

12 

14 

5 

5 

I 



7 



d. 
8 



These be the Acounts of William Young and John Crosfeld, Church- 
wardins, for the yeare 1705. 

Paid at the Vissitations 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Whissuntide 

Paid to Saxton for his whole yeare wage 

Paid for a Tun of Slate and goeinge for it 

Paid for ^vq seeks of Lime and one bunsh of Lates 
Paid for thre hundred of stone brods and nales^... 

Paid to Robert Lund for Belles mending 

Paid to Thomas Turner for smith work about Bells 

Paid to the Ringers on the 29 day of May 

Paid for Bell Chamber Windowes and midell wedginge . 
Paid for mending the Leads and glasinge the windowes.. 
Paid for Coles and my Atendance for heating theirform . 
Paid to the Ringers on the 23 day of August' 

* Gilbert Atkinson, Rector 1687-1709. See the account of his tragic death in 
Atkinson's Life of Thoresby. 

* Brods or broddes, slate pins of wood or bone, more commonly the latter 
(Surtees Society). 

=*The battle of Blenheim was fought on August 13, 1705. 



s. 


d. 


9 





4 





5 


4 


12 


6 


5 


I 


2 


8 


2 


2 


5 





8 








8 


10 


6 


I 


2 


6 






2So 



CHURCHWARDENS* ACCOUNTS. — METHLEY. 



Paid to James Sharp for slatinge the vestre 

Paid for a Bushell of hare 

And my attendance 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Mickilmas 
Paid at the Corrections 
Paid to Saxton for swepinge Church 
Paid to Clark for lookinge to Clocke 

And for Writinge Redgester 

Paid to John Wadson for Bell Ropes and a Clock Cord 

Nouember the 5, paid to Ringers and for Candles 

Paid for Bread and Wine at Crismas 

Paid to glasner for glasing windowes 

For Linnen wasshing and surples mendinge 

Paid to Gorge Higham for a ssesment writinge 

Paid to the Ringers 

Paid for Bread and Wine for the Communion at Ester 
Paid for a shet of parchment for the Redgester 
Paid for Redgester sendinge to Yorke 
Paid at the Vissitations 

These accounts 
alowed by us 

Mr. Adkinson 
Mr. John Shan 
William Roberts 



s. 


d. 


'4 


6 





6 





8 


4 





2 








6 


14 





I 





17 





9 


2 


6 





4 


8 


6 





I 





3 





18 


10 





10 





10 


9 





£ s. 


if. 


9 5 


7 



v-^ 




1 



LIST OF OFFICERS for 1902. 



Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red Hall, Leeds. 
It)fce«pre6fdent6. 

John Rawlinson Ford, Quarrydene, Weetwood. 
John Henry Wurtzburg, Clavering House, Leeds. 
Rev. Preb. E. C. S. Gibson, D.D., The Vicarage, Leeds. 
Rev. Charles Hargrove, M.A., 10, De Grey Terrace, Leeds. 

CouncU. 

W. Faley Baildon, F.S.A., Lincoln's Inn, London, VV.C. 

J. N. Barran, M.A., St. Paul's Street, Leeds. 

F. W. Bedford, Greek Street Chambers, Leeds. 

Godfrey Bingley, Thomiehurst, Headingley. 

W. Braithwaite, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

W. S. Cameron, 57, Caledonian Road, Leeds. 

E. KiTSON Clark, M.A., F.S.A., 9, Hyde Terrace, Leeds. 

H. T. Kelsey, M.A., Cromer House, Leeds. 

S. D. KiTSON, M.A., Greek Street Chambers, Leeds. 

W. T. Lancaster, Yorkshire Banking Co., Leeds. 

S. Margerison, The Lodge, Calverley. 

B. p. Scattergood, M.A., 7, Cookridge Street, Leeds. 

t>on. Xibrarfan and Curator. 

S. Denison, 4, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

t>on. treasurer. 
Edmund Wilson, Red Hall, Leeds. 

1>om Secretari?. 

G. D. LUMB, 65, Albion Street, Leeds. 



REPORT FOR 190 1. 



'^'HE Council of the Thoresby Society have the pleasure to 
present their Thirteenth Annual Report. During the year two 
Life and twenty-two Annual Members have joined the Society, and 
the number on the Roll at the close of the year was 336, of whom 
55 were Life and 281 Annual. 

During the year further parts of the ** Miscellanea " and " Leeds 
Parish Church Registers " have been issued to members for the year 
1900. The " Miscellanea" contained a valuable article by Mr. Baildon 
on the I.,eathley family; a plan of Leeds in 1806, with description; 
further portion of local Wills, 1531 to 1533; Justice's Note-Book of 
Captain John Pickering; and Lay Subsidies of Agbrigg and Morley 
Wapentakes. 

During the summer enjoyable excursions were made to the 
Roman Road on Blackstone Edge Moor, to Nun Monkton and 
Kirkhammerton, and to Tickhill Church and Castle and Roche 
Abbey, under the able direction and guidance of Messrs. Barran, 
Bilson, Clark, and Witherby. 

The Council gratefully acknowledge gifts from the family of the 
late Mr. John Killingbeck, of Kidderminster, of his collections 
relating to Hunslet ; from Mrs. John Stansfeld, of a walking stick, 
inscribed "Jeremiah Thoresby 1690"; from Miss Dixon, of Harrogate, 
of two water-colour drawings of the Shambles of 1830 and of the 
interior of Leeds Parish Church of that date; from Mr. Arthur 
Middleton, a picture of a Review of Volunteers, circa 1800; from 
Mr. J. R. Ford, a plan of Leeds, dated 1806; from Mr. S. Denison, 



an engraved portrait of John Smeaton and a framed trade list of 
S. Hirst, Briggate; and from Mr. G. Bingley, two photographs of a 
stone coffin found at Chapeltown. 

The most important event in connection with the history of the 
Society, which has happened during the past year, was the purchase 
of the premises, No. lo, Park Street, Leeds. The Society was formed 
in 1889, and amongst its objects the first is the "collection and 
preservation of books, pamphlets, MSS., deeds, engravings, drawings, 
coins, antiquities, and other objects relating to the town and 
neighbourhood of Leeds." 

It is obvious that this object cannot be carried out unless the 
Society possesses a permanent home in the district. It is now five 
years since, by arrangement- with the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 
a portion of the Old Medical School in Park Street was secured on 
lease. Here the two Societies have ever since had a home. The 
portion of the premises occupied by the Societies forms only a small 
part of the estate, but the terms of tenancy included an option 
to purchase the whole, which has just been exercised. The two 
Societies are now joint owners in fee simple of the entire estate, 
extending to about 1,000 square yards of land, nearly all covered 
with buildings. 

Due prominence should be given to this event, and the Council 
desire to call the attention of the members to the fact that the 
premises have been acquired for the purpose of enabling the Society 
to carry out the first of its objects, above referred to. 

The Council acknowledge with gratitude the liberality of some 
of the members, from whom they have received interesting gifts. It 
is believed that there is not a member of the Society who cannot in 
some way help forward its objects; and the Council will be glad 
indeed to receive any article of interest ; and they desire to call 



attention to the fact that a valuable collection of objects of local 
interest includes many things which in themselves are of small 
intrinsic value. 

The purchase of the premises above referred to involves a duty 
to which attention must now be called. The Society has not 
sufficient invested funds for the payment of its share of the 
purchase money, and a temporary arrangement has had to be made 
involving an annual capital outlay. The Council appeal to the 
members to help them to discharge this liability. They have in 
their store room a stock of publications, and they appeal to members 
to complete their sets. 

Several members have recently compounded for their future 
subscriptions. This is another way in which the unpaid purchase 
money may be provided. The Life Fee is at present only five 
guineas, and the Council will be glad to increase the number of 
Life Members. 

As the demands upon the finances of the Society have been 

of an exceptional character during the past year, the Council beg 

that members will oblige them by prompt payment of their 
subscriptions. 



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LIST OF OFFICERS for 1903. 



preeident 
Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red Hall, Leeds. 

John Rawlinson Ford, 61, Albion Street, Leeds. 
John Henry Wurtzhurg, Clavering House, Leeds. 
Rev. Freb. E. C. S. Gibson, D.D., The Vicarage, Leeds. 
Rev. Charles Hargrove, M.A., 10, De Grey Terrace, Leeds. 

CouncU. 

W. Paley Baildon, F.S.A., Lincoln's Inn, London, W.C. 

J. N. Barran, M.A., St. Paul's Street, Leeds. 

Godfrey Bingley, Thomiehurst, Headingley. 

W. Braithwaite, 2, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

W. S. Cameron, 57, Caledonian Road, Leeds. 

H. S. Chorley, M.A., 16, Park Place, Leeds. 

E. KiTSON Clark, M.A., F.S.A., Meanwoodside, Leeds. 

Frank Gott, 3, East Parade, Leeds. 

H. T. Kelsey, M.A., Cromer House, Leeds. 

S. D. KiTSON, M.A., Greek Street Chambers, Leeds. 

W. T. Lancaster, Yorkshire Banking Co., Leeds. 

S. Margerison, The Lodge, Calverley. 

t>on. Xibrarlan an^ Curator* 

S. Denlson, 4, St. George's Terrace, Headingley. 

t>oiu ^rea6urer. 

Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red Hall, Leeds. 

tyon. Secretarfee* 

G. D. LUMB, 65, Albion Street, Leeds. 
B. P. Scattergood, M.A., 7, Cookridge Street, Leeds. 



REPORT FOR 1902. 



^TTHE Council of the Thoresby Society have the pleasure 
to present their Fourteenth Annual Report. During 
the year ten Life Members, some of whom were already 
Annual Members, and twenty new Annual Members have 
joined the Society, and the number on the Roll at the 
close of the year was 338, of whom 63 were Life and 275 
Annual Members. 

During the year further parts of the Coucher Books of 
Kirkstall Abbey and Calverley Charters have been issued 
to members for 1901. 

During the summer enjoyable excursions were made to 
Knaresborough Castle and Church ; to Giggleswick Church, 
Museum and School Chapel, and the Victoria Cave; to 
Gilling Castle, Byland Abbey, and Coxwold; and to 
Beverley Minster and St. Mary's Church, under the able 
direction and guidance of Messrs. J. N. Barran, J. Bilson, 
E. Kitson Clark, S. D. Kitson, and W. H. Witherby. 

During the year Mr. Hargrove resigned his position as 
an ordinary Member of Council, and was elected a Vice- 
President ; Mr. Scattergood was chosen to fill his place. 

The Council have also to announce with gfreat regret 
the retirement of Mr. W. H. Witherby from his position as 



IV 

one of the Honorary Secretaries, in consequence of his 
leaving Leeds. Mr. Witherby's services to the Society have 
been invaluable, especially in connection with the excur- 
sions. Mr. Scattergood was elected by the Council to fill 
the vacancy. 

There is thus one vacant place on the Council, for 
which Mr. Frank Gott has been nominated. 

The Council have to acknowledge with gratitude the 
following amongst other gifts to the Society : —From Mr. 
A. C. Lupton, portrait in oils of Mr. Benjamin Goodman ; 
from Dr. Eddison, minute books and reports of the Female 
Servants' Aid Society ; from Miss Killingbeck, water-colour 
drawing of Old Hunslet ; from Mr. S. Denison, a portrait of 
Dr. Chadwick, an engraved portrait of Ralph Thoresby, and 
some dozens of lantern slides; from Councillor Lawson, 
album of Leeds views ; from Mr. B. P. Scattergood, a con- 
temporary account of the Battle of Waterloo, etc. etc. 

In this connection the Council would, while putting on 
record their sense of the liberality of some of the members, 
again urge upon all the benefit which the Society would 
derive if it received a larger number of gifts of this kind. 
Objects of local or antiquarian interest, in themselves 
insignificant and of small intrinsic value, may form in the 
aggregate a collection of great interest and value. 
Amongst things which the Society would greatly appreciate 
may be named — Old Leeds printed books or books of local 
interest, portraits of Leeds Worthies, records of extinct 
local societies, prints, engravings, and pamphlets of local 
interest. 



With regard to the balance-sheet now presented, which 
shows a balance in favour of the Society of ;^ 1 80 2^., in 
addition to the stock of publications and other articles 
which have been acquired for the purpose of sale, the 
Council would point out that this really represents the 
financial state of the Society in a less favourable light 
than the reality, for in the accounts the Society is debited 
with the Life Fees paid by all Life Members who are still 
living. If this debit were cancelled the balance shown 
would be more than £s^o. 

The Council desire to call the attention of Members to 
the large stock of publications which are still undisposed 
of, and to urge upon them the desirability, both from their 
own point of view individually and from that of the Society 
as a body, of completing their sets of the publications by 
buying these surplus copies. 

Finally, the Council wish to ask for a larger measure 
of co-operation on the part of the Members of the Society 
in the work which is to be done. At present the number 
of workers forms but a very small proportion of the whole 
membership; and the work of the Society might be 
augmented and its usefulness increased to a very large 
extent if its Members were more universally impressed 
with the conviction that their responsibility ought not to 
end with the payment of the annual subscription. There 
are very many fields of activity open, if the workers would 
but come forward. 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



XCbe XtboresbB Society. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 



Those marked (*) are Life Members. 



•Allerton, The Rt Hon. Lord 

Ambler, Thomas 
"Appleton, Charles 

Appleton, Henry 

Armistead, Edwin 

Armytage, Sir George, Bart., F. 

Arnold, Edmund James 
•Atkinson, Rev. Edward, D.D, 

Atkinson, Henry Geo. . . 

Atkinson, John Cecil . . 

Atkinson, George Walter 

*Badcock, Miss Isabel Baynes 
Bagshawe, Bemal 
Bailes, Miss Kate G. . . 
Bailes, Richard .. 
Baildon, William Paley, F.S.A. 



S.A. 



Banks, Joseph . . 
Barker, Aldred F. 
Barker, Joseph Henry 
Barker, Thos. Henry 



Barran, Alfred . . 
*Barran, John Nicholson, M.A. 

Barran, Miss Edith 
•Barran. Rowland Hirst, M.P. 

Barraclough, Samuel 
•Barwick, John Marshall, M.A. 

Batley, Edwin William.. 

Beaumont, James 

Beck, Wm. James 

Beckett, Ernest William, M.P. 

Bedford, Miss .. 

Bedford, Charles Samuel 

Bedford, James Edward, F.G.S. 

Bedford, Francis W.. A.R.LB.A. 



Allerton Hall, Leeds 

Broomhill, Moor-Allerton 

Outwood House, Spencer Place, Leeds 

79, Albion Street, Leeds 

8, Avenue Hill, Harehills Avenue, Leeds 

Kirklees Park, Brighouse 

8, Cumberland Road, Leeds 

Clare Collie, Cambridge 

28, The Calls, Leeds 

Butts Court, Leeds 

I, Mark Lane, Leeds 

Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset 

The Cedars, Headingley 

Ridge Villa, Meanwood Road, Leeds 

Ridge Villa, Meanwood Road, Leeds 

5, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London, 
W.C. 

Neville Hill, Pontefract Lane, Leeds 

44, Ash Grove, Bradford 

Perseverance Mills, Kirkstall Road, Leeds 

36, Judges* Drive, Newsham Park, Liver- 
pool 

Moor House, Headingley 

St. Paul Street, I^eeds 

The Hollies, Weetwood, Leeds 

Beech wood, Roundhay 

Aire and Calder Navigation, Leeds 

24, Basinghall Street, Leeds 

99, Albion Street, Leeds 

St. John's Cottage, Leeds 

Basinghall Street, Leeds 

Kirkstall Grange, Leeds 

14^ Monkbridge Road, Headingley 

Broomleigh, Chapel Lane, Headingley 

Shire Oak Road, Headingley 

Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 



LIST OF MEMBERS. Ill 

Bcevers, Charles, F.C. A 92, Albion Street, Leeds 

Bcthell, W Rise Park, Hull 

Bilson, John, F.S.A Hessle, Hull 

Bingley, Godfrey Thomiehurst, Headingley 

Blackburn, Walter Stephen . . . . Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Bodington, Nathan, M.A., Litt.D. .. Field Head, Shire Oak Road, Headingley 

Bointon, Mrs. Eleanor E Chadlea, Far Headingley 

Boston, Richard 9, Boar T^ne, Leeds 

Bowman, W. Powell Messrs. Goodall, Backhouse & Co., Leeds 

Bowring, Henry Illingworth . . . . Ailerton Hall, Gledhow 

Bowring, Miss S. C Ailerton Hall, Gledhow 

Bradley, John Abbey Mills, Kirkstall 

Braithwaite, Walter St. George's Terrace, Headingley 

Braithwaite, Walter Samuel . . . . 6, South Parade, Leeds 

Branson, Fredk. Woodward, F.C.S. .. 14, Commercial Street, Leeds 

•Bray, George Belmont, Headmgley 

Brearley, Arthur 140, Woodsley Road, Leeds 

Brigg, William, B. A Cowthorpe Hail, Wetherby 

Brigg, Wm. Anderton, M.A., LL.M. . . Kildwick Hall, near Keighley 

Briggs, Arthur N. c/o Messrs. Miiligan, Forbes & Co., 

Bradford 

•Brooke, John Arthur Fenay Hall, Huddersfield 

•Brotherton, Edwd. Allen, M.P. .. Arlhington Hall, via Leeds 

Brown, William, F.S.A. .. .. Whilehouse, Northallerton 

Bruce, Wm Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 

Bullock, R. L. 8, Woodbine Terrace, Headingley 

Bulmer, Miss Ada Blenheim Lodge, Leeds 

Bulmer, George Bertram, F.R. LB. A... Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Burrell, B. A. . . *. 5, Mount Preston, Leeds 

Burrow, Alfred Linley Ridge Mount Villa, Cliff Road, Leeds 

Butler, Ambrose Edmund . • . . Kepstorn, Kirkstall, near Leeds 

Cadman, His Honour Judge . . . . Ackworth, Pontefract 

Cameron, James Spottiswoode, M.D. 6, Ridge Mount, Leeds 

•Cameron, William S 57, Caledonian Road, Leeds 

Carter, Francis Richard . . . . Savile House, Pottemewton 

Carter, Thos. Scales 26, Park Square, Leeds 

Chadwick, Samuel Joseph, F.S.A. .. Church Street, Dewsbury 

Chamliers, Joseph Charles . . • • 7, Cardigan Road, Headingley 

Cheesman, William Norwood . . . . The Crescent, Selby 

Chorlcy, H. Sutton, M.A., A.R.LB.A. 16, Park Place, Leeds 

Clapham, J. Harold 13, Beech Grove Terrace, Leeds 

•Clark, Edwin Kitson, M.A., F.S.A. .. Meanwoodside 

•Clark, Mrs. E. Kitson Meanwoodside 

Clay, John William, F.S.A Rastrick House, Brighouse 

Coieits, Thomas . . * 3, Fallowfield Terrace, Leeds 

•Collins, Francis, M.D Pateley Bridge 

Colman, Rev. Frederick Selincourt,M. A. The Rectory, Barwick-in-Elmet 

Comber, John Myddleton Hall, near Warrington 

Connon, J. Wieghitt, F.R. LB. A. .. 16, Park Place, Leeds 



IV LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Cookson, Rev. Edward, M. A. . . Marlesford House, 34, Warrington Road, 

Ipswich 

Cookson, Miss F. C 25, Weetwood Lane, Leeds 

Cousins, William James . . . . Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 

Crampton, William Thomas . . . . Parcmont, Roundhay 

CrDjTsdale, Charles 102, , Cardigan Road, Headingley 

Dalton, Thomas 65, Albion Street, Leeds 

Darwin, Francis, M. A. Creskeld Hall, Arthington, Leeds 

Denham, Walter FxJward . . . . Pearce's Chambers, Albion Street, Leeds 

•Denison, Samuel 4, St. George*s Terrace, Headingley 

Denison, Herbert 10, East Parade, Leeds 

Denison, Miss Frances The Grange, Methley 

•Denison, George Henry . . . . 32, Clarendon Road, Leeds 

Derry, William Municipal Buildings, Leeds 

Dodgshun, Edward J., F.R.LB.A. .. 14, Park Square, Leeds 

Dodgson, E. O Souihleigh, Kirkstall Lane, Headingley 

Draper, Rev. Wm. Hy. . . . . The Rectory, Adel 

•Dufton, Henry Tempest, B. A. . . Bridge House, Brockford, Stowmarket 

Duke, Rev. Rashleigh E. H Maltby Rectory, Alford, Lincolnshire 

•Eckersley, James Cailton .. .. Carlton Manor, Yeadon, Leeds 

*Eddison, John Edwin, M.D The Lodge, Adel 

Eddison, John Percy Cragside, Ben Rhydding 

Edmondson, Thomas Wm Cardigan Lodge, Cardigan Road, Leeds 

Elsworth, Alfred Ivy House, Meanwood 

Embleton, Henry Cawood . . . . Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

•Eshelby, Henry Douglas, F.S.A. .. 80, Shrewsbury Road, Oxton, Birkenhead 

m 

•Ferrand, W St. Ives, Bingley 

Fillingham, George 16, East Parade, Leeds 

•Ford, John Rawlinson 61, Albion Street, Leeds 

Foster, George Castlestead, Boston Spa 

Foster, Jno. Wm. The Prospect, Pool, near Leeds 

Fourness, John William . . . . Victoria Chambers, Leeds 

Gardner, Wilson 10, Norwood Terrace, Headingley 

Gibson, Rev. Edgar Charies S., D.D. The Vicarage, Leeds 

•Gill, Christopher Coleman . . . . 42, Park Street, Bath 

Gordon, John Bond Place, I>eeds 

Golt, Frank 3, East Parade, Leeds 

Grant, Prof. Arthur J., M.A. .. .. Yorkshire College, Leeds 

•Green, John Hartley Hartley Hill, Leeds 

Greenwood, Arthur 16, Great George Street, Westminster 

Hainsworth, Lewis Oakwell Cottage, Farsley, near Leeds 

Hall, Rev. Hy. Armstrong, B.D. .. The Rectory, Methley 

Hannam, Wm. Simpson . . - • 4» East Parade, Leeds 

* Hansom, Joseph Stanislaus . . . . 27, Alfred Place West, South Kensington, 

S.W. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. V 

Hardcastle, Mdvill Joseph . . . . Bank of England, Leeds 

•Harding, W. Ambrose Histon Manor, Cambridgeshire 

Hargrove, Rev. Charles, M.A. .. lo, De Grey Terrace, Leeds 

•Harvey, William The Grove, Roundhay, Leeds 

Harvey, William Marsh . . . • 58, Queen's Gate Terrace, South Kensing- 

ton, London, S.W. 

'""rs^a!'^''^*.^'^'". "''"■.!^"'' } ^"^"^ ^^^y' ^"'^ 

Hawkyard, Arthur 138, Jack Lane, Hunslet 

Hebblethwaiie, Rhodes . . . . Highthorne, Husthwaite, near ElasingwoUl 

Hepper, Edward Henry . . . . Woodcote, Wood Lane, Headingley 

Hepper, John East Parade, Leeds 

Hepworth, Joseph Hazelwood, Torquay 

Hepworth, Norris Rhodes . . . . Torridon, Headingley 

Hindle, J. E 10, Park Row, Leeds 

Hirst, John Audus 5, East Parade, Leeds 

Hobson, Walter Arthur .. ..82, Albion Street, Leeds 

Holbrook, Wm 4, Monkbridge Road, Headingley 

Holding, Rev. John, M.A Stotfold, Baldock, R.S.O., Herts. 

Horsfield, Richanl Marshall . . . . West Garth, Meanwood, Leeds 

•Hovenden, Roliert, F.S.A Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon 

Howdill, Chas. Barker, A.R.LB.A. .. 7, Oxford Row, Leeds 

•Illingworth, William Bramhope Manor, Leeds 

Ingham, Samuel Headingley Hall, Leeds 

Iveson, Lancelot 105, Mount Street, London, W. 

Jackson, Richard Commercial Street, Leeds 

Jone5, Frank Wolstencroft .. .. 5^, Ridge End Villas, Headingley 

Kelsey, Henry T., M.A. .. .. Cromer House, Cromer Terrace, Leeds 

Kinder, Fred Woodlands, Kirkstall 

Kirk, Albert Edward, A.R.LB.A. .. Buckingham Villas, Headingley 

Kirk, Arthur Rosehurst, Headingley 

Kirk, John Castle Grove, Headingley 

Kirk, Jno. Croisdale 38, Park Row, Leeds 

Kirk, Miss Hannah F. . . . . Buckinghim Villas, Headingley 

Kirk, Samuel Castle Grove, Headingley 

Kitchingman, Jas. Gawthorp .. .. 112, Fulham Road, South Kensington, 

London 

*Kitson, Sir James, Bart., M.P. . . Gledhow Hall, Leeds 

*Kitson, Frederick J Gledhow Grove, Leeds 

Kitson, Albert E. Cloughton, near Scarborough 

Kitson, Miss (Ethel) Elmet Hall, Leeds 

Kitson, Miss J. Beatrice . . . . Elmet Hall, Leeds 

Kitson, Sydney D Greek Street Chambers, Leeds 

Knight, Arthur Langford . . . . Water Lane Works, Leeds 

Knight, John 47, Boar Lane, Leeds 



VI LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Lancaster, William Thomas .. .. The London City & Midland Bank Ltd., 

City Square, Leeds 

Lawson, Edward Ernest .. •• 2, Osborne Terrace, Leeds 

•lAwson, Frederick William .. .. Oaklands, Adel 

Leadman, Alex. Dionysius H., F.S.A. Oak House, Pocklington, near York 

Leather, George Herbert . . . . Central Bank Chambers, Leeds 

Legard, Albert George, M. A Gibraltar Cottage, Monmouth 

Leigh, Rev. Neville Egerton, M.A. .. The Vicarage, Kirkstall 

Levitt, Robert 17 A, East Parade, Leeds 

Linley, David Mann 5, East Parade, Leeds 

Littlewood, Henry, F.R.C.S 25, Park Square, Leeds 

•Lumb, Alfred Overton 57 J, Old Broad Street, London, E.C. 

*Lumb, George Denison 65, Albion Street, Leeds 

I^upton, Charles, M.A. .. .. Carr Head, Roundhay, Leeds 

Lupton, Francis Martineau, M.A. .. Rocklands, Newton Park, Leeds 

•Lupton, Sydney, M.A 102, Park St.,Grosvenor Sq., London, W. 

*.\fargerison, .Samuel Calverley Lodge, near Leeds 

Marshall, G. W., LL.D Samesfield Court, Weobley, R.S.O. 

Marshall, Thomas, M.A. .. Highfield, Chapel AUerton 

Mason, Charles Letch 12, East Parade, Leeds 

Matheson, Ewing 31, Clarendon Road, Leeds 

Maude, William C Brackenwood, Bournemouth 

May, Rev. Thos. H., M.A Ileswall Rectory, Chester 

• Mayne, Frederic George . . • • 40, Park Row, Leeds 
Medhurst, Rev. Charles E., M.A. .. Rectory, Thorp Arch 
Meredith, Mrs The Cottage, Bramley 

♦Mexborough, The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Methley Park 

Middleton, Arthur .. .. .. Calverley Chambers, Victoria Sq., Leeds 

Midgley, James .. .. .. .. White Horse Street, Leeds 

Miles, James Guildford Street, Leeds 

*Milner- Gibson -CuUum, George Gery, 

F.S.A. .. .. .. .. Hardwick House, Bury St. Edmunds 

Mitchell, Fred 9, Upper Fountaine Street, Leeds 

•Morkill, John William, M.A Newfield Hall, Bell Busk, via Leeds 

Motley, Lewis Spen Lane, Kirkstall, Leeds 

Nixon, Sidney Ernest St. Chad's Hill, Far Headingley 

Norfolk-Johnson, W (Jliffe Cottage, Horbury, near Wakefield 

Nussey, Geo. Leathley, B.A Ardenlea, Ilkley 

Oates, Caroline A. (Mrs.) .. .. Gestingthorpe Hall, Castle Hedingham, 

Essex 

*Oxley, Rev. William Henry, M.A. .. Petersham Vicarage, Surrey 

Pape, William 39, Aire Street, Leeds 

•Parker, Colonel John W. R Browsholme Hall, Clilheroe 

• Peake, A. Copson 24, Basinghall Street, Leeds 

*Peate, Jonathan Nun Royd, Guiseley, near Leeds 

Peck, Harry Wadkin Lloyd's Bank Ltd., Hunslet 

♦Peglcr, Thos. Boyne 12, Great George Street, Leeds 



LIST OF MEMBERS. Vll 

Piercy, Thomas 38, Park Row, Leeds 

*Pocklington, Henry 20, Park Row, Leeds 

•Powell, Sir Francis Sharp, Bart., M.P. Horton Old Hall, Bradford 

Prater, T. Herbert Parlington, Aberford, near Leeds 

Reay, Thos. Purvis Weetwood, Leeds 

Redmayne, John Albion Place, Leeds 

Richardson, Walter W i, Montpelier Terrace, Cliff Road, Leeds 

Rider, Haywood . . . . . . Ashwood Terrace, Headingley 

•Riley-Smith, Henry Herbert . . . . Toulston Lodge, Tadcaster 

Robins, Rev. Hy. Temple . . • • 35. Wellclose Mount, Leeds 

Robinson, John 48, Wellington Street, Leeds 

•Robinson, Percy 53, Albion Street, Leeds 

Robinson, W. P. 1739, Seventeenth Street, Washington, 

D.C., U.S.A. 

Roebuck, Wm. Denison, F.L.S. .. 259, Hyde Park Road, Leeds 

Rogers, Professor Leonard J., M.A., 

Mus.B. Yorkshire College, Leeds 

Rooke, Chas.[]Staveley Newton Hill, Leeds 

Roscoe, James Oatlands, Harrogate 

Rowc, Geo. Herbert . . . . . . Lyddon Hall, Leeds 

Rowley, Walter, F.S.A. .. .. Alder Hill, Meanwood, Leeds 

.Sanders, Alfred J. . . . . . . 2, Moorland Road, Leeds 

Scattergood, Bernard Page, M. A. . . Moorside, Headingley 

•Scott, John, Junr. . . . . . . High Street, Skipton 

Scott, Joseph . . . . . . . . 98, Albion Street, Leeds 

Scott, Robert Forsyth St. John's College, Cambridge 

Scott, Ernest Kilburn Beesfield, Farningham, Eynsford, S.O., 

Shackleton, Wm Architect, Pudsey [Kent 

•Simpson, John King Lane, Moor-Allerton 

Simpson, Rev. James Gilliland, M.A. Clergy School, Leeds 

Singleton, James 43, Delph Mount, Hyde Park, Leeds 

Skevinglon, Thos. Wm. . . . . Wood Rhydding, Ilkley 

Smith, Edmund Nelson's Yard, Leeds 

•Smith, Geo. Alderson Wheatcroft Cliff, Scarborough 

Smith, Stephen Ernest, F.R.LB A. .. South Parade, Leeds 

Spark, Fredk. Robert Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

Stables, Rev. Wm. Herbert .. .. Over, Winsford, R.S.O., Cheshire 

•Stables, Mrs. Henry 2, College Lawn, Cheltenham 

Stapleton, Rev. H The Vicarage, Calverley 

Stead, John Walter . . . . • • 3» Cookridge Street, Leeds 

Swayne, Mrs. Eva Margaret . . . . St. Aldan's Vicarage, Leeds 

*Sykes, Arthur The Grange, Houndhay 

Taylor, Rev. Richard Vickerman, B.A. Melbccks, Richmond, Yorks. 

Teasdale, Washington 255, Hyde Park Road, Leeds 

Tempest, Mrs. Arthur . . . . . . Broughton Hall, Skipton 

•Tetley, Chas. Francis, M.A. .. .. Spring Bank, Headingley 

Thonger, Charles W. . . . . . . 139, Victoria Parade, Filzroy, Melbourne 



VUl LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Thrippleton, John Burley View, Leeds 

Thursby, Fortescue 122, Queen's Gate, London, S.W. 

Turner, Chas Weetwood Garth, Leeds 

*Turton, Robert Crown Point Bridge, Leeds 

Vincent, Rev. Matson, M. A Great Ousebum, York 

Waide, Thos Appleyard House, Woodlesford 

*Wailes-Fairbaim, W. F. . . Askham Grange, York 

Wallis, Edwin Cooper 27, Ash Grove, Headingley 

Ward, William 36, Hyde Terrace, Leeds 

•Ward, George, F.LC, F.C.S. .. Messrs. Hirst, Brooke, & Hirst's, Manu- 

facturing Chemists, Leeds 

Ward, H. Snowden Hadlow, Tonbridge, Kent 

Wardman, Geo Patriotic Assurance Co., 9, South Parade, 

Leeds 

* Watson, George Donisthorpe House, Moor- Allerton 

Webb, Joseph Stenson 26, Park Row, Leeds 

White, John 19, Grange Terrace, Chapeltown Road, 

Leeds 

Whitehead, Tom Alfred Street, Boar Lane, Leeds 

Whitehouse, Edwin 89, Clarendon Road, Leeds 

Wilkinson, Wm. Musgrave . . . . Brecondene, 220, Newton Hill, Leeds 

Wilkinson, Jno. Hy 53, Albion Street, Leeds 

Wilson, Charles Henry 5, Park Row, Leeds 

•Wilson, Edmund, F.S.A Red Hall, Leeds 

Wilson, Henry, M.A., F.S.A. .. Famborough Lodge, Famborough,R.S.O. 

(Kent) 

Wilson, Jas Ormonde House, Headingley 

Wilson, Richard Lloyds Bank, Limited, Park Row, Leeds 

•Wilson, Henry S. Lee The Hall, Crofton, Wakefield 

Wilson, Robert Lancelot .. .. 21, Lyddon Terrace, Leeds 

Witherby, Walter H., M. A The School, Shrewsbury 

Woffindin, Mrs. Mary.. .. .. i, Albion Place, Leeds 

Wood, Rev. Canon Fred. Jno., M.A. The Vicarage, Headingley 

Woods, Sir All)ertWm., K.C.M.G., .. 69, St. George's Road, Warwick Square. 
C.B., F.S.A. London, S.W. 

*Wurtzburg, John Henry . . . . 2, De Grey Road, Leeds 

Wylde, Rev. John, M.A. . . . . St. Saviour's Vicarage, Leeds 

Wynne-Edwards, Rev. John Rosin- 
dale, M.A Sheafield House, Clarendon Road, Leeds. 

Yorke, Reginald S The Hall, Burley-in-Wharfedale 

Yewdall, Zechariah Brookfield, Calverley 



LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. iX 



LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 



Barrow-in-Furness Free Public Library. 

Battersea Central Public Library, 265, Lavender Hill, S.W. 

Berlin, The Royal Library (Asher & Co., 13, Bedford Street, Covent Garden, W.C., 

Bingley Free Library. Agents). 

Birmingham Central Free Library. 

Boston, Public Library of the City of, U.S. A. (Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner & Co. 

Limited, Paternoster House, Charing Cross Road, W.C, Agents). 
Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society. 
Bradford Free Library. 
Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S.A. (G. E. Stechert, 2, Star Yard, Carey 

Street, London, W.C, Agent). 
Cambridge, St Catherine's College. 
Chetham's Library, Manchester. 
Chicago, 111., U.S.A. The Newberry Library (Stevens & Brown, 4, Trafalgar 

Square, London, W.C., Agents). 
Cornell University Library, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. (E. G. Allen, 28, Henrietta 

Street, Covent Garden, W.C, Agent). 
Dewsbury Public Free Library. 

Detroit, The Public Library of, Michigan, U.S.A. (B. F. Stevens & Brown, Agents). 
Glasgow, The Mitchell Library. 
The Guildhall Library, London. 
Halifiuc Public Library. 
Harrogate Public Library. 
Leeds Church Institute. 

Leeds Institute of Science, Art, and Literature. 
Leeds Library. 
Leeds Public Library. 
Lincoln's Inn Library, W.C. 
Manchester Free Library. 

Manchester. The Jno. Rylands' Library, Deansgate. 
Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society. 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Public Libraries. 

New York Historical Society, 170, Second Avenue, New York. 
New York Stote Library (G. E. Stechert, Agent). 
New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings, New York, U.S.A. (Stevens & 

Brown, Agents). 
New Hampshire State Library, Concord, N.H., U.S.A. 
Nottingham Free Public Library. 



X LIBRARIES AND PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Oldham Free Public Library. 

Pennsylvania, State Library of, Harrisburg, U.S.A. 

Preston Free Public Library. 

Record Office, The Public (Eyre & Spottiswoode, 5, Middle New Street, E.G.) 

Reform Club, Pall Mall, London, S.W. 

Rochdale Free Public Library. 

Sheffield Public Library. 

Strasburg, Kais. Universitais & Landesbibliothek. 

Syracuse Central Library, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S.A. 

Victoria, Public Library, Museums, and National (jallery of, Melbourne (Melville 

and Mullen, 12, Ludgate Square, London, Agents). 
V^ienna. The Imperial Library (Agents, Messrs. Gerold & Co., Booksellers, I, 

Stefansplatz 8, Vienna). 
Watkinson Library, Hartford, U.S.A. (Edwd. G. Allen, Agent). 
Wigan Free Public Library. 
Worcester Public Library. 

Yale University Library, New Haven, U.S.A. (Edwd. G. Allen, Agent). 
York Subscription Library. 
Yorkshire Philosophical Society, York. 



SOCIETIES WITH WHOM PUBLICATIONS ARE EXCHANGED. XI 



LIST OF SOCIETIES WITH WHOM PUBLICATIONS 
ARE EXCHANGED. 

The Society of Antiquaries Burlington House, London, W. 

Royal Archaeological Institute of Great 

Britain and Ireland 20, Hanover Square, London, W* 

A. H. Lyell, Hon, Sec. 
Bradford Antiquarian Society. 

Cambridge Antiquarian Society ... T. D. Atkinson, Hon, Sec,y St. Mary's Passage, 

Cambridge. 
Cumberland and Westmorland 

Archaeological Society T. Wilson, Aynam Lodge, Kendal. 

Derbyshire Archaeological Society ... Percy N. Currey, 3, Market Place, Derby. 
Elast Riding Antiquarian Society ... Rev. A. N. Cooper, The Vicarage, Filey. 
Essex Archaeological Society .. ... G. T, Beaumont, F.S.A., Hon, Sec, 

The Lawn, Coggleshall, Kelvedon. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Historic 

Society R. D. Radcliffe, Old Swan, Liverpool. 

Leicester Archaeological Society ... W. J. Freer, Hon, Src.^ 10, New Street, 

Leicester. 
Oxfordshire Archaeological Society. 

Sr. Albans Architectural 

and Archaeological Society ... Mrs. Knight, Killaha, BeaconsF.eld Road, 

St. Albans. 
Shropshire Archaeological Society ... Francis Goyne, Sec, Dogpole, Shrewsbury. 

5>omersetshire Archaeological Society... The Castle, Taunton. 

Stockholm. Academy of Antiquities, 

National Museum, Dr Anton Blomberg, Librctrian, 

Surrey Archaeological Society.. ... Castle Aich, Guildford. 

Sussex Archaeological Society Chas.T. Phillips, .^^w.Zi^rarww, The Castle, 

Lewes 

The Viking Club A. W. Johnston, 36, Margaretta Terrace, 

Chelsea, S.W. 
Upsala (Sweden), Ro3^1 University of, Chief Librarian, 

Yorkshire Archaeological Society .. E. K. Clark, Hon, Libratian, 10, Park Street, 

Leeds. 



The Publications are also sent to the following : — 
The Chief Librarian, British Museum, London, W. 
The Chief Librarian, Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
The Chief Librarian, University Library, Cambridge. 
The Minster Library, York. 



Cije lorksljire ^xtlfmbgitul Soctetg. 

The Society was formed to promote the study of the archaeology 
and antiquities of the County, and issues to its members a Journal 
containing articles of antiquarian and genealogical interest. 

Subscription, ws. td. per annum. Life Fee, £'] ys. Hon. 
Treasurer: M. H. Peacock, M.A., The Grammar School, Wake- 
field; Hon. Secretaries: William Brown, F.S.A., White House, 
Northallerton ; JOHN ScOTT, Croft House, Skipton. 



The Record Series of the Society was commenced in 1885 ^^^ 
the purpose of publishing Yorkshire records. It has printed Feet 
of Fines, Index of Wills, Inquisitions, Subsidy Rolls, Chartularies, 
Monastic Notes, &c. Subscription, One Guinea per annum. Hon. 
Secretary: J. W. Clay, F.S.A., Rastrick House, Brighouse. 



Che gorksliirt '^m%^ l^tgistct Somtg. 

The Society was formed in 1899 for the purpose of printing the 
older Registers of the County. The following have been either issued 
or are in the press: — York— St. Michael-le-Belfrey, Burton Fleming, 
Horbury, Winestead, Linton -in -Craven, Stokesley, Patrington. 
Scorborough, Blacktoft, Bingley, Kippax, Wath-on-Dearne, Hamps- 
thwaite, Brantingham, Cherry Burton, Marske-in-Cleveland, Harts- 
head, Bolton-by-Bolland, Howden, and Pickhill. 

Subscription, One Guinea per annum. President : Sir George 
Armytage, Bart.; Hon. Treasurer: J. W. Fourness, Victoria 
Chambers, South Parade, Leeds; Hon. Secretaries: Francis 
Collins, M.D., Pateley Bridge; G. D. LUMB, 65, Albion Street, 
I^eds, to whom applications for membership should be sent. 



^^%i Itbtttg Entiriuatian Soctetg. 

The Society was formed in 1892 to study and preserve the 
antiquities of the East Riding of the County of York. It has 
already done important work, making extensive excavations at 
Watton Priory, a Gilbert ine house, near DriflBeld ; and has also 
taken part in excavations at Warter Priory, near Pocklington. 
Valuable papers on these, by Mr. St. John Hope, with plan and 
illustrations, appear in the Transactions for igoo. 

Subscription, \os. bd. per annum. President : THE LORD 
Hawkkshury, F.S.A.; Hon, Secretary: Rev. A. N. CoOPER, 
Filey Vicarage. 



1904. Vol XI. Pattm. 
ipublicalions.of Ihc 



<3rf2^ 




J3ascellanea. 



Index 






:X> <X> 



€\ft Cbombg Societg. 

The Society was formed in 1889 for antiquarian objects in 
connection with Leeds and District Its publications include 
the Leeds Parish Church Register, Adel Register, Methley 
Register, Kirkstall Abbey Coucher Book, Calverley Charters, local 
Wills and Subsidy Rolls, Leeds Plans, and Miscellanea. 

Subscription, los. 6d. per annum. Life Fee, ^5 55. 

President and Hon. Treasurer : Edmund Wilson, F.S.A., Red 
Hall, Leeds; Hon. Secretaries: G. D. Lumb, 65, Albion Street, 
Leeds; B. P. Scattergood, M.A., 7, Cookridge Street, Leeds. 



The following is a list of publications which may be 
purchased by members. 

Applications — accompanied by remittance — to be addressed to 
the Treasurer, Mr. Edmund Wilson, Red Hall, Leeds. 
Of some of these the stock is very small. 
Plan of Leeds, date 1806, i/- 

Atkinson's "Ralph Thoresbv, his Town and Times," 

2 vols., containing 886 pages, bound in buckram, 10/6 

(by post 11/-). Published at 25/- net. A most 

interesting and valuable work. 

Warden's "Antiquities of the Borough of Leeds," 

coloured plates, 3/- Published at 7/6. 
Pettingell's Lithographed Bird's-eye View of Leeds, 40 inches 

by 15, and margin, 2/-- 
Stooks Smith's "Parliaments of England," 3 vols, in i, 
contiiining 765 pages, 2,6. London, 1844-50. Published 
at 106. 
Stooks Smith's "Parliaments of Yorkshire from the 

Earliest Times," 60 pages, i/- l^ndon, 1854. 
Margerison's "Calverley Parish Registers," Vol. II, 

1 650- 1 680, 4/- 
„ Vol. 111,1681-1720, 4- 

The Society's Publications, Bound, viz.:— 

Vol. I. — Leeds Register, 1572-16 12. 

„ II. — Miscellanea. 

„ III. — Leeds Register, 1612-1639. 

„ IV. — Miscellanea. 

„ V. — Adel Register, 1 606-1 81 2 

„ VI. — Calverley Charters. 

„ VII. —Leeds Register, 1639-1667. 

^, VIIL— Kirkstall Abbey Coucher Book. 

„ IX. — Miscellanea. 

„ X. — Leeds Register, 1 667-1695. 

„ XI. — Miscellanea. 

„ XII.— Methley Register, 1560-1812. 

„ XIII. — Leeds Register, 1695-1722 (in progress). 



t"TOatcrIo0"«:ap of letlrs. 



The members will look with pleasure at the map which precedes 
this article. It is a facsimile reproduction of a map which I have 
called a "Waterloo" Map of Leeds, because it was published in 
1815 by Robinson, Son & Holdsworth, of Leeds, from a survey by 
Netlam and Francis Giles, of New Inn, London. 

*The transcription, reproduction and publication of documents 
relating to the town and neighbourhood of Leeds' is one of the 
objects for which the Society was formed ; and there is no better 
way of showing the growth of a place than by the publication of 
plans. Pages of description may be accurate and may convey a fair 
idea of what they refer to, but a map presents the whole at a 
glance. We know that Leeds existed as a centre of population in 
the middle of the eleventh century, and it was then a place of 
sufficient importance to have "a church, a priest, and a mill of 4 
shillings." We state this on the authority of the officers appointed 
by William the Conqueror to make a survey of his kingdom. 
Unfortunately, we have no map of eleventh century Leeds. The 
one which we now reproduce, is the fifth of the series now in the 
hands of members. The first, (which will be found at the beginning 
of volume ix) shows what Leeds was in the second year of the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth ; but it shows it very roughly. It does not 
pretend to be an accurate survey, but it is interesting in several 
respects. It is drawn with the east at the top; it shows in what 
parts of the town houses then existed;* and it shows the ownership 
of the land upon which a large part of the present city stands. It 
does not show the Parish Church, but it does show the Manor 
House; and it throws some light upon the question of whether 
there was a castle at Leeds, because the Manor House is called 
"Castyll HilL" 

There were then but few streets in Leeds. We see Briggate, 
Upper and I^ower Head Rows, Kirkgate, Vicar Lane, a road running 
east from Timble Bridge, Lady Lane, Quarry Hill, and perhaps 



282 A " WATERLOO '' MAP OF LEEDS. 

Swinegate; and there appears to have been a road from the town 
to Sheepscar Bridge and thence to Potternewton, and another road 
in the direction of Woodhouse Lane. 

The next two maps in order of date are those which appear 
after page 204 of volume ix. These have been already described. 
It may be added that since the description of the Philosophical Hall 
Map was written, attention has been called to the fact that there is 
or was a similar map of York ; it was called Cassins' Map, and had 
views of buildings at each side; and it is probable that it was 
drawn by the same hand as the map of Leeds in the Philosophical 
Hall, which is said to have been surveyed by *John Cossins.'* 

The next map is one published by C. Livesey in 1806, which 
appears after page 136 of this volume. This is not an accurate 
map, for almost every street has been drawn with a ruler. 

The map which is now presented to the members is of about 
the same date, but it is a very different work. It appears to be the 
result of an accurate survey ; and it has this special advantage, that 
the boundaries of the fields are shown. The Map of 1806 shows 
practically the same town drawn without much attempt at accuracy. 
It must not be supposed that on this account the Map of 1806 is 
of no value. It is probable that, though it does not show any 
buildings accurately, it shows what buildings then existed, and is 
therefore useful in showing the size of the town at the time when it 
was made. A comparison of the Map of 1806 with the one of 18 15 
will bear this out. 

The 1815 Map well deserves careful examination. Its accuracy 
and the fact that all the fields are carefully marked have already 
been mentioned. The closely built town may be roughly said to be 
bounded on the west by Park Row, on the north by the site of 
Mark Lane, Harrison Street and Lady Lane, and on the south by 
the river. These boundaries were, however, beginning to be extended. 
To the west we find the Park Square i)arallelogram — the land 
between Park Lane and Park Place, East Parade and Somers Street 
— being fairly closely built over. South Parade is shown, and the 
old Court House at the bottom of Park Row; but, with the excep- 
tion of this and a few other buildings, the land between Park Row 
and East Parade was unbuilt upon. The coloured Cloth Hall, on 
the site of City Square, and the old Infirmary, at the bottom of East 

1 See JVa/ks Through the City of York, by Robert Davies, F.S.A. 
London : Chapman & Hall, Limited. 1880. p. 243. 



A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 283 

Parade, are shown, and the buildings opposite to the entrance to the 
Wellington Station, which were called Eye Bright Place. 

The introduction of steam power had already led to the erection 
of some large factories. What was Holdforth's Bank Low Mill is 
shown, as is also Benyon's Mill at Holbeck ; and Gott's Mills — called 
Park Mills— are shown, lying between Drony Laith and Bean Ing ; 
and there are others. 

The * pleasant hamlet ' of Little Woodhouse is shown, and Denison 
Hall — then called Woodhouse Place — has pleasure grounds extending 
to Park Lane, and had an uninterrupted view down to the river, 
Gott's Mill being the only obstruction. Further east we find 
St. James Street, which is thus described in a Leeds Guide of the 
year r8o8: — "Returning from an examination of these faint vestiges 
of former days, we have to notice a street on the west side of 
Woodhouse Lane, called St. James's Street, which is nearly in a line 
with the upper part of Providence Row. The situation of this 
street is extremely pleasant, and from its elevation the air of it is 
remarkably salutary and bracing, from which circumstance it is 
preferred by invalids to any part of the town, and of course lodgings 
in it are in great request. As this place is out of the reach of the 
waterworks, soft water is scarce, and its supply of spring water is not 
abundant. The west or bottom end of this street commands a very 
pleasant view of the Aire Dale, and also of the principal buildings 
at the west end of the town." 

Our map shows Sunny Bank, and Queen's Square was formed, 
though little more than one side was built. Providence Row and 
part of Grove Terrace are shown, and building operations are well 
b^un at the lower end of Woodhouse Lane and Wade Lane. 
Along North Street also we find a number of buildings, and the 
names * Nile Street ' and * Trafalgar Street ' will, it is to be hoped, 
long remain to tell us when these streets were laid out. The triangle 
between Quarry Hill, Duke Street, and Marsh Lane was not half 
built upon, but the old parts of the town along Mabgate and on 
the Bank were fairly well covered with buildings. 

South of the river, there were many buildings along Meadow 
Lane and Hunslet Lane. Holbeck was still a village and Hunslet 
is not shown. 

It may be well to say a few words about the highways. The 
oldest streets in the town are no doubt those which are called 
'gates.' Briggate, which then extended from the bridge to the end 



284 A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 

of Kirkgate, the upper part being divided by the Moot Hall and the 
Middle Row into two passages, called * Shambles* and *Back of 
Shambles'; Kirkgate, from Briggate to the Parish Church; Swinegate ; 
Thoresby mentions another thoroughfare in this neighbourhood called 
* Cripplegate '; and Mabgate. Most of the old thoroughfares are 
called lanes, originally pronounced "loin," and, in consequence, an 
inhabitant of Leeds was called a " Leeds Loiner." There are several 
lanes in the centre of the town — Boar Lane, Butts Lane, now called 
Basinghall Street, I^nds l^ne. Vicar Lane, High Court I^ne and Call 
Lane. But many lanes lead from the town to the surrounding country; 
these are, beginning on the north and reading from west to east — 
Park Lane ; ( Chorley Lane, Leighton I^ne and Kendall Lane, though 
shown on the map, are not named); Woodhouse Lane and the 
branches, Cankerwell Lane, Carlton Lane and Claypit Lane; Wade 
Lane, leading into Long Balk Lane (now called Camp Road); 
Sheepscar Lane, the southern portion of which was even in 18 15 
called North Street ; Skinner Lane, Lady Lane, Marsh Lane ; and 
on the south of the river from east to west, Bowman Lane, Hunslet 
I^ne, Meadow I^ne, and Water Lane, leading to Holbeck. 

Wellington Street had not then been formed, nor had Clarendon 
Road. Oxford Row was then called Wellington Street 

Commercial Street from Briggate to Albion Street is shown, 
though the part of it between Briggate and Trinity Street is called 
Bond Street. What we now call Bond Street had not been formed. 

There are one or two names which suggest enquiry. What is 
now called Dyer Street, between George Street and St Peter's Street, 
was called Jubilee Street. The west end of Boar Lane was called 
Quebec, and the island between the river and King's Mill Goit was 
called School Close. It probably belonged to a member of the 
Nevile family, for the streets laid out across it are named Nevile 
and Sandford Streets: the latter now covered by the North-Eastem 
Station. 

May I say a word about the naming of streets ? I would express 
a devout hope that the good old names may not give place to new 
names copied from London thoroughfares. 

Leeds has already suffered in this respect. Butts Lane is now 
called Basinghall Street, probably because the Bankruptcy Court, 
which is there no longer, was once at its south end. 



A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 285 

The Street south of St. John*s Church is still called Mark Lane, 
though the Corn Exchange is no longer there. Merry Boys Hill — 
Butts Hill on our map — is now known as Guildford Street, and 
only a few months ago it was actually proposed to call Vicar Lane 
**the Strand" — a monstrous piece of vandalism. The Strand in 
London is so called because it runs along the north bank of the 
Thames. I know of no reason for giving that title to Vicar Lane. 

I ought now to enumerate some of the principal buildings shown 
on our Waterloo Map. There were then five churches in Leeds. 
The Parish Church, which of course was what we now call the Old 
Church, though there had probably been more than one prior church 
on the site. The one shown on the map was pulled down in 1838. 
St. John's, built by John Harrison in the seventeenth century ; 
Trinity, the cost of which was largely defrayed by Lady Betty 
Hastings ; St. Paul's, in Park Square ; and St. James's, in York Street. 

The last-named church was built about 1794 for Dissenters of 
Lady Huntingdon's connection. 

The Leeds vicarage then stood in Kirkgate, at the south end of 
Vicar Lane, surrounded by ground still spoken of as the Vicar's Croft. 

Of the chapels shown on the map a list of fifteen is given in the 
margin. I will now give that list, with such remarks with regard to 
each as occur to me. Several of the chapels are no longer used for 
religious purposes. 

Albion Chapel, Albion Street. This is in Albion Walk, and was 
formerly used as an Independent Chapel. It is now used as offices, 
and it has attached to it a graveyard, lying between the building and 
the premises of Powoln/s, Limited. 

Bank Chapel, Richmond Hill. This is shown on the map as 
situate at the top of Richmond Street. It is no longer used as a 
chapel; but it may be stated here that on the Ordnance Map of 
1847 there is a building in Upper Cross Street, called Bank Chapel, 
which was afterwards used as a school, and has recently been 
converted into a rag warehouse. 

Baptist Cha[>el, St. Ann's Street, St. Peter's. This is known as 
the Old Stone Chapel on the west side of St Peter's Street. It has 
for many years been used as a boot factory. 

Bethel Chapel, St. George Street, Vicar Lane. This street is now 
called George Street. There is no building there now used as a 
chapel. 



286 A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 

Call Lane Chapel. This is one of the oldest Dissenting chapels 
in Leeds. It was formerly used by the Arians. It is still used as 
a chapel. 

Ebenezer Chapel. This was at the top of Ebenezer Street, near 
George Street. The building is still standing, but it is now used as 
a cooper's shop. 

The Friends' Meeting House in Water Lane is still standing, and 
has been added to in recent years. 

The Inghamite Chapel was situate in Duke Street The premises 
were afterwards known as Nos. i6 and 17, Duke Street. It was 
used as a chapel in 1847. 

The Old Methodist Chapel was said to be situate in St. Ann's 
Street, St Peter's, now called St. Peter's Street; there is still a 
Methodist Chapel there, though it is believed that the building 
shown on the map has given place to a newer structure. 

The Old White Chapel in Hunslet Lane was situate south of the 
South Market; it is not now used for religious purposes. 

The New Methodist Chapel in Albion Street was for many years 
used as a cloth warehouse by Vance & Co. and Robinson, Clay 
and Co. It now forms part of the premises occupied by the Mutual 
Supply Society. 

Mill Hill Chapel was a very old Dissenting place of worship. 
The building shown on our map gave place to the present Gothic 
chapel in 1847. 

The Roman Catholic Chapel was situate in Lady Lane. 
Thoresby says that there was a chapel or chantry on or near this 
site before the Reformation, but the present chapel — which is now 
used as a Methodist chapel — was the first Roman Catholic chapel in 
Leeds, though before its erection the congregation used a temporary 
building in a yard out of Briggate. 

An interesting account of the Roman Catholic revival in Leeds 
has recently been published by the Rev. N. Waugh. 

Salem Chapel was and still is in Hunslet I^ne, and is still used 
by the Congregationalists, as also is the Wesleyan Chapel in Meadow 
Lane by the Wesleyans. This is now called Wesley Chapel. 

Of other public buildings the following may be named; — The 
Coloured Cloth Hall, on the site of the Post Office and City 
Square ; the White Cloth Hall, in the Calls ; the old Infirmary, at 
the bottom of East Parade, though there was an older one still in a 
yard out of Kirkgate; the Court House, in Park Row, afterwards 
used as a post office, and recently demolished to make way for the 



A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 287 

Standard buildings; the Music-hall, in Albion Street; the King's 
Mills, in Swinegate; the Lancasterian School, south of Boar LanB; 
the Library, in Commercial Street; Potter's and St. John's Alms- 
houses, and Jenkinson's Almshouses, then in Boar Lane; the 
Workhouse, at the comer of Lady Lane and North Street ; the House 
of Recovery, in Vicar Lane. 

The Assembly Rooms were over part of the White Cloth Hall. 
This building still exists, though no part of it is used as a Cloth 
Hall, and the North-Eastern Railway crosses the site. 

The only National School in the town appears to have been one 
in connection with the Parish Church, situate west of High Court 
Lane. There appears to have been no building where the present 
Parish Church Schools now stand. 

The Post Office was in Duncan Street, on a site afterwards 
occupied by the Central Market. At one time it was in Mill Hill; 
afterwards at the bottom of Albion Street; then it was removed to 
the Old Court House at the bottom of Park Row, where the work 
was carried on until the present Post Office was built. 

Briggate, as has already been mentioned, terminated at the end 
of Kirkgate. There the old Moot Hall stood, with Queen Anne's 
statue in the front of it. The Market Cross was higher up, in the 
part of what is now Briggate, then called Cross Parish. 

There were four banks in the town. The Old Bank (Beckett 
and Co.), on the east side of Briggate, below Duncan Street; the 
Union Bank (William Williams Brown & Co.), in Commercial Street ; 
the Commercial Bank, on the west side of Briggate, at the entrance 
to Commercial Court; and the New Bank, in Bank Street. 

Four bars are shown, which might lead to the inference that 
Leeds was once a walled town. North Bar was in North Street, a 
little north of the top of Lady Lane; East Bar was at the end of 
Kirkgate, near the Parish Church ; West Bar was in Boar Lane ; and 
Hurley Bar in what is now called Guildford Street, at the top of 
Merry Boys HilL 

Before the present admirable and copious supply of water was 
obtained from the Washburn and the Wharfe Valley, Leeds was 
supplied from the River Aire at Leeds Bridge, and our map reminds 
us of this, for it shows the two reservoirs which existed in Albion 
Street and near St. John's Church, as well as the pumping station, 
known as Pitfall Mill. Other buildings shown are the Charity 
School, near St John's Church, the Grammar School, North Street, 
as built by John Harrison before it was enlarged southward, and 



288 A "WATERLOO" MAP OF LEEDS. 

before the Writing School and Library on the west side were built ; 
the Library, in Commercial Street, the News-room, on the east side 
of Briggate, north of Duncan Street, the Old Theatre, in Hunslet Lane. 

The bridge between Kirkgate and Marsh Lane was then, as now, 
called Timble Bridge, a name which has been said to be derived 
from Temple, because perhaps the road over it was not the way to 
Temple Newsam. Perhaps the guesser responsible for this etymology 
did not know that in 1379 there were only four inhabitants of Leeds 
assessed at the large sum of 12^/., and one of these was Johannes 
de Tymbill, and he had four servants, each of whom was assessed 
at 4^. 

Much more might be written about this interesting map, but it 
is feared the length of this paper has already exceeded reasonable 
dimensions. 

Edmund Wilson. 



XTestamenta tHeobtensla, 

{Continued frofn page 68.) 

Extracted from the Probate Registry at York. 



Robert Hudson, of Pontefract, Mercer. 

rxi. 86 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxviij*** day of the moneth of 
Nouembre, in the yere of o*" lord God mdxxxij***. I Roberte Hudson, 
late of Pomfrete, marcer, beyng in hoole mynde and good in 
remembrance, ordyneth and makith this my testament and last will 
in this maner and forme foloing. First I comende and bequeathe 
my sail to the holie trinitie, to our blissid lady sancte Marie, and 
to an the holie company that is in hevyn, and my body to be beried 
in the churche yerde of Alhallos in Pomfrett. Also I gif and 
bequeath in the name of my mortuary afte*" the use and the costome 
of the churche. Also I gif and bequeath to the hie altar in the said 
churche for my tithes and oblacons forgottyn, and al other offenses 
don, vj**. To Precius Hudson my suster on peticote of white. To 
John Armetadge on Jacket of tawne. To John Mylner on leddC 
dublet. To John Wod the elder on pare of whit hoose. The 
residue of my goodf aboue unbequeathed, my dettf content and 
paid, my fungal costes and expenses the day of my beriall don and 
maid, I gif them hooly and frely to Jenet Hudson my wif, to Thomas 
Hudson my son, to Rauf Hudson my son, to Dorothe Hudson my 
doughto"^. The whiche Jenet, Thomas, Rauf and Dorothe I orden 
and make my executors, all foure joinctely same. And Thomas 
Paget, my fade^ in lawe, to be supviso' of this my testament and last 
will. Also it is my will and mynde that if so be that my wif be 
with childe, if it please God it come to the yeres of discretion, hit 
to haue hit parte as it cometh to. Thies being wittenesses. Sir 
Thomas Bogge, Lionell Roolstone, Roberte Hereson, and Edward 
Estwood. — {Proved 3 December^ i533-] 



John Smith, alias Walker, of Fairburn. 

(xL 97 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xviij*^ day of March, in the yere of our 
lord God a thousand fiw^ hundreth xxxiij. I John Smyth, of 
Farborne, otherwais John Walker, holl of mynd and of good memorie, 
makf and ordans this my last will and testament in man^ and forme 
folowyng. First I give my saull to God AUmyghty, to our ladie 
sanct Marie, and to all the celestiall compenye of hevyn, and my 
bodie to be buried in the churche yeard of all sanctf in Ledsame. 



290 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

I bequeath to the hee Aulter in the same churche for my tythes 
forgotten xij«*. Also I bequithe to Alisop my doughto"" xl% and a 
mere amblyng for hir childe porcon. To Jennet my doughtor xl% 
and a baye felie for hir child porcon. To Isabell my doughto*^ 
childe a yew and a lame. Also I bequeath to Anne my doughtor a 
whie for the full contentacon of hir child porcon if she be content 
therwith, if not to haue nothyng more then she haith, and that is 
my will. Also I bequeath to Robert Smith, my sone childe, a yew 
and a lame. The residewe of my goodis, my dettes paid and my 
will fulfillid, I give to John my sone, whome I make my executor of 
this my last will and testament Wittenes herof, John Studlay, vicar 
of Ledsame, John Lilborne, Richard Webster, James Nawlson, Robert 
Jacson and Symon Clarke. — \_Proved 6 May, 1534 ] 



Margaret Walker, of Parsley. 

(xi. zoo b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the x'^ day of March, in the yere of 
our lord God myxxix'**. I Margarete Walker, of Farcelay, Widdo, 
hoole of mynd and remembrance, makf my testament and last will 
in the maner and forme foloing. First I bequeath my sail to 
Almyghtie God, our Lady, and all the sanctf in hevyn, to pray for 
me, and my body to be beried in the churche yerde of Calu^ley, or 
els wher hit shall please God to call for me, in the holy sanctuary 
or cristen beriall. Also I bequeath to Agnes Balie, the doughto*" of 
William Balie, the irne chymnaye and a saltyng fatt in the kechyn, 
the lesse of too. Itm a mattres, three cou^lettf, too par of sheitf, 
and too pare of blankkettf. It* ij grete panes and ij lesse panys, iij 
pottf, vj pewdc vescell. Itm I bequeath al my parte of the cattell, 
as oxen, hors, kye and shepe, with other cattell, to be diuided 
equally betwixt Cristofer Balie, Thomas Balie, prestf, John Balie 
and Agnes Balie. The residue of my goodf not bequeathed I gif 
to the said Cristofer Balie, Thomas Balye, prestf, John Balye and 
Agnes Balie. The whiche Cristofer and Thomas and John I make 
my executors of this my last will, so that they gif to the highe 
alta^ for tithes necligently paid or forgettyn xij**, surely that thies 
my executors will dispose parte for my husbandf saull and m}Ti, 
accorddyng to theire discretion and our saull helthe. Yeven the daye 
and yere aboue writyn. Thies beyng wittenes, Thomas Alanbrig, 
Robert Belhouse, John Smyth, with other. Also I will that the parte 
of goodf aboue bequeathed to Agnes Balie shall remane in the handf 
and custodie of myn executo''s aforsaid to she comto the age of xx^ 
yeres. — \_Praved 24 March, 1533-4-] 



Gilbert Casson, of Hunslet. 

(xi. 109 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxv* day of Aprill, in the yere 
of o^ lorde God a thowsaunde fyve hundreth xxxiiij*^ I Gilberte 
Casson, of Hunslet Wodhouse, of Leid pochie, of hoole mynd and of 



TEST AMENTA LEODIENSIA. 29 1 

good remembrance, makf my will and present testament in this maner 
foloing. First I gif my sail unto God Almyghtie, and to his mode'" 
o"* ladie sancte Marie, and to all the sanctf in hevyn, and my body 
to be beried in the pish kirk of sancte Peter in Leede. lA primis, 
First I gif unto the sacrament of the hie altar for oblacon forgettyn 
iij* iiij«*. Also I gif unto the prest of Jhu Gild at Leed xij**. Also 
I gif unto our lady prest at Leed brig ende xij**. Also I gif unto 
Sir Thomas Brig, preist, to pray for my sail xij**. Also I gif unto the 
prest of the new chapell of Leed . xij**. Also I gif to settyng forth 
of the south side of the kirk at Leed iij* iiij**. Also I gif unto 
the hye waye at Hunslett layne and hit be cauced ij*. Also I gif 
and bequeath unto John Casson my son iiij marc. Unto Roberte 
Casson my son vj^ xiij* iiij<^. Unto Agnes Casson my doughto'" 
vj'* xiij* iiij**. Unto Isabell Casson my doughto"^ vj** xiij" iiij**. Unto 
John Thomson my son in lawe iiij marc. Unto Richard Denby my 
son in lawe iiij marc. Unto Gilbert Thomson a cowe and a whie 
stirk. Unto Gilberte Casson a whye stirke. Unto Thomas Wodham 
iij* iiij**. Unto Roberte Calbecke iij» iiij**. Unto Umfray Johnson iij* 
iiij**. Also I gif all the hoole take of my farmhold unto Margarete 
my wif duryng terme of hir lif, and than after her decesse it is my 
will that John Casson, Roberte Casson, my sones, wheddC so eu^ 
sone pleases their mode*^ better at hir departyng, after hir decesse to 
haue hit. The residue of all my goodf not bequeathed I gif unto 
Margarete my wif, the whiche Margarete I orden and makf my 
executrix of all my goodf not bequest, and she forto dispose for 
my sail as she thinkf good. Thies beyng wittenes, Robert Caldbeke, 
Thomas Hargraue, John Scoillf, Laurencie Talio'', Edmude Farebanke, 
and other moo. — \_Proved 28 February^ 1534-5-] 



Robert Oglesthorpe, of Thorparch. 

(xi. no.) 

(Surtees Society, Test, Ebor,^ vol. vi, p. 46.) 



Thomas Astwike, of Calverley. 

(xi. lit b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : Anno D'ni mittmo qui'gen trigesimo quarto. 
I Thomas Astwike, of good remembrance and a hoole mynde, make 

my last will and my body to be beried in the churche garth 

of the pishe of Calu^ley. Also I gif for my forgettyn tithes and 
offeryngf iij* iiij**. Unto a prest for to pray for my sail xx*. Also 
I gif to Alicie Carvar a blake whie. To John Gregorie on stotte. 
To Margarete Wod ij*. Also I will my dettf be paid of my hoole 
goodf and brought forth honestly after the use of the contre. And 
moreou^ I gif to my wif, my dettf paid, the half of the goodf. 
The residue of my goodys I gif unto William Astwicke and Richard 
Kidson to dispose for the helthe of my sail. In wittenes herof. Sir 
Richard Langfelley, Roberte Stotte, William Leu^sedge, w' moo.— 
Improved 28 May, 1534.] 



292 tkstamenta leodiensia. 

Richard Lethome, of Soxjth Milford. 

(xi. it6 a.) 

In the name of God Amen: be it knowne to almen that I 
Richard Lethome, of South Mylneforth, being of a hoole and good 
remembrance of mynd, makys this my last will and testament in maner 
and forme foloing. First I bequeath my sail to God and to o' blissid 
lady sancte Marie and all the fare felishipe of hevyn, and my body 
to be beried in the kirke garthe of Alhalos in Shereburn. To the 
hie altar for tithes forgettyn (if there be any) xij^. To the churche 
warkes of Shereburn iij» iiij**. Also I bequeath to John Lethome my 
brode' on acr of Barly, the best he will chose. To Alicie my suste^ 
half an acre of barly by Steton side. To Henry my eldest son my 
bond wayne, a hed yoke, a teyme, a bolte and a shakill. To John 
Lethome, my brode*", my best jackett. To William Marshall a you 
hog. To Margarete Goldesburgh, my s^unte, a wyndle of Barly. 
Also I make Jenet my wif and my iiij childe^ my executors of all my 
goodf unbequest, my dettf paid, my will fulfillid, and to dispose it for 
my sail as they thinke best. Also I make John Lethome of Snydale, 
John Sikes, John Wodhouse yonge*^, Roberte Warde and Thomas 
Lethome, sup^visors of this my last will, to see that hit be fulfillid. 
And also I make the said John Lethome, John Sikes, John Wodhouse 
yonge', Roberte Ward and Thomas Lethome, feoffes in and of all 
my landf within the lordshipe of Shereburn, Friston and Hamylton, 
and the said feoffes to stand and be seased in all my said landf for 
the terme of xiij yeres to the use and true p^rmance of this my 
last will. First I will that my said feoffes shall haue their costes and 
chardges reasonable borne, and further I will that John Lethome of 
Snydale shall haue Henry my son and his parte, and the pfittf of all 
my landf in Mylforthe salue vj* viij**, which shall go to the fyndyng 
and bryngyng upe of Richard my yongest son duryng the said xiij^**, 
so that the said John will kepe the said Henry at scole within the 
pishe of Shereburn, and if he be not apte to the scole, than I wiU 
that the said John shall put hym to som crafte by the mynd and 
concell of my said feoffes, but I will in nowise that he be at Snydale, 
and if the said John Lethom will not so do, than I will that my said 
feoffes shall take my said son Henry his childe pte and the pfittf of 
his landf and put hym to suche place as they shall thinke most 
conuenient and pfitte for hym. Also I will that they that hais 
Richard my son shall haue his pte and the pfittf of my landes in 
Hamylton, and if it hapyn Jenet my wif to dye within the said xiij**» 
yeres, then I will that the pfittf of my landf in Friston shall go to 
the bryngyng upe of Richard my son duryng the said terme of xiij***. 
And reu^sion after the said xiij*^ yeres I gif all my landf in Mylford 
to Henry my eldest son and his heires for eu^ And reu^sion of my 
landf in Hamylton and the reu^sion of my landes in Friston after 
the deith of Jenet my wif, I gif to Richard my yongest son and 
his heires for eu^ Wittenes, John Sikes, Thomas Burman, John 
Wodhouse jun^, Thomas Lethome, Robert Sharphouse, maid the viij 
day of June, the ycre of our lord God Mdxxxiiij'**. — [Proved i6 /uly\ 
1534]. 



testamenta leodiensia. 293 

John Musgrave, of Wortley. 

(xi. 123 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the ix*** day of June, the yere of o** 
lord God mdxxxiiij'^. I John Musgrave, of Worteley, within the 
pishe of Leedes, of hoole mynd and good remembrance, orden and 
make my testament and last will in maner and forme foloyng. First 
I giff and bequeath my sail to Almyghtie God, to o' blissid lady 
sancte Marie Virgyn, and to all the sanctes in hevyn, and my body 
to be beried in the churche yerde of sancte Peter in Leedes, and to 
haue placebo and dirige and messe of Requyem song the daye of 
my beriall for my sail and all my frendes salles, also I gif to the hie 
altar for tythes forgettyn iij* iiij<*. It' to Sir Henry Smyth xij<^. It* to 
Maister Beiston on fatte cowe or xiij' iiij** in money. It' to poore 
folkf of Beiston xij**. It' to poore folkf of Armeley xij<*. It* to poore 
folke of Worteley xij*^. It* to the poore folkf of Holbeke xij**. It' 
to Thomas Godfrey ij oxen whiche borowid of me [sic]. It' Thomas 
Birkynshawe on oxe now at Robert Musgrave. It' to Dowsabell 
Baynes xl*, and John and William my sones to bring her upe to she 
be XX' yeres of adge, and then to gif hir xiij* iiij<^. It* to Henry 
Musgrave, my s*unte, xx*. It' to Esabell, Elsabeth and Jenet, my 
doughtors, xl* in the handes of Thomas Sheffeld, and liij' iiij** of 
William Huddeswell, vij^* vj* viij«* of Giles Yvenson, and xvj* of [d/ank] 
Wilbore de Wellyng in Tickhill. It' to Henry Musgrave of Worteley 
a tawney jackett, and to Peter Musgrave a russet Jackett. It' to 
Thomas Godfray a blewe jackett, and to John Musgrave a sleveles 
Jackett. It' to John Huchynson a pare hoose clothe of white, a 
bukeskynne coote and a tawney Jerkyn. The residue of all my 
goodf, my dettf paid and my fun^all expenses don, I gif to John 
and William my sons, whome I make my executors of this my 
testament and last will. Also I will that John my son take not to 
his wif Agnes Bussye, for she is my god doughto"^, and if he will 
not be ordered he shall haue x^* to his childes porcon and be no 
executo*^ of my testament. Thies recordes and wittenes, Roberte 
Sampson, James Kitson, Umfray Nailer, and other moo. — [Proved 27 
October y 1534, by John and William Musgrave^ sons of deceased.] 



John Memmot, of Normanton. 

(xi. t28 b.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the xxv^ daye of Septembre, in the yeare of 
oure lorde God mccccc'^xxxiiij. I John Memott, of Normanton, hole 
of mynde and good memorie, makith my last will and testamente in 
forme folowing. First I bequethe my saule to Almightie God, o"^ 
blessid lady, with all the sainctes in hevyn, and my body to be 
buriede in the parishe churche yearde off Normantone. Also I 
bequethe to the high Altare one mette of Barlye. Also I bequethe 
to John Meinott, my sone, ij yewes and ij lambes. To Elisabeth 
Memot ande Eljm Memot, my daughters, a great panne. To 
Margaret Meiiiot a great new panne. To the building of the stepill 



294 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA- 

iij*. Also I bequethe for my wif v* for half a trentall. The residew 
of my goodes not given nor bequethide I give and bequethe to 
William Meinott, Thomas Memott, John Meinott, my sones, Margaret 
Memott, Alice Meinott, Elisabeth Meiiiott and Elyne Memott, my 
doughters, whom I ordayne and make my executors to dispose for 
the helthe of my soule, at the ouer sight of Richard Sheparde, 
William Hansone, Richard Walkar ande Thomas Blawicke, whome I 
make superuisors to see that this my last will be perfo^mede and 
fulfillid. Theise witnes, S' James Watmoghe, vicare of Normantone, 
Robert Wightone of the same, and Richard Firmarie, of Fledborowe. — 
[Proved 24 April, 1535.] 



William Barker, of Morlev. 

(xi. 129 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen: I William Barkar, of Morley, holle of mynde 
and perfite remembrance, maketh my testamente the xx^ daie of 
Nouembre, in the yeare of o*^ lorde God myxxxiij***. . . , my bodie to 
be beride at my paroche churche at Batlaye. Also I give to my wif 
the ordre of my goodes, theise men witnessinge, Robert Grethede, 
John Scotte, William Clarksone, with other, the daie and yeare 
aforescribed. — [Proved 16 November, i534-] 



Thomas Roper, of Tadcaster. 

(xi. 130 a.) 

In Dei note Amen : the xxiij^** daie of the moneth of Julij, in 
the yeare of o*^ lord God mdxxxiiij. I Thomas Roper, of holle 
mynde and good remeberance, maketh my testament and last will in 
maner and forme folowing. First I betake my soule unto Almyghtie 
God, to his blessid mother, oure ladye sanct Marye, and to all the 
sanctes in hevyn, and my bodye to be beried in the churche of oure 
ladie of Tadcastre. Also I give and bequethe to one able preiste 
for one trentall to be said for my soule x*. To the Abbaye of oure 
ladie of Sallay xij^. Also I bequeste to the high Altare in Tadcastre 
viij**. Also I give to the churche warkes in Tadcastre xij^. Item I 
will that Alisone, my wif, haue yearlie forth of my landes to this my 
will be performide xxxiij* iiij*^. And aftre my said will be perfo'^med 
I will that she haue for the terme of hir lif as is recordid in hir 
feftemente. Also I will that all the reste of my landes be receyved 
and applyed to and for the use of my ij doughters Anne and 
Susanne, to aither of theme xl^ Also I give and bequeste to my 
doughter Issabell of my goodes xl*. Also I will that my feoffes shall 
suffre all my landes to be applied to my ryght heires lawfullie 
begotten. Also I will that yff my son John be abowtwarde to sell or 
aliene my said landes or any percell theroff, that then all my said 
landes to be at the ordre of my said feoffes and to be disposide 
aftre ther discretions for the well of my sawle, and if my said landf 
may be lawfuUye sollde I will that it be solde to Edwarde Rodley. 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 295 

Also I give to Sir Robert Smyth iij* iiij«*. Also I will that euerye 
prest being att my buriall to haue iiij**. Also I give to eu^y of iiij 
orders of Frears in Yorke one busshell of whete or a busshell of 
Barlye malte. Residew of all my goodes not bequested I give to my 
executors for my dettf to be paied and this my last will to be 
performed, and to dispose for the well of my saule as thay will 
answer, for whom I maike Xpofer Bolton, preist, and Alison my wif, 
and I maike M"* William Hungate, of Saxtone, esquier, and Richarde 
Appleyerde, yoman, superuisors of this my last will to be performid. 
Theise wittenes, Robert Wright and Richard Haye of Scotton. — 
[Proved lo May^ i.SSS] 



William Ellis, of Kiddall, 

(xL 130 b.) 

(Surtees Society, Test Ebor,^ vol. vi, p. 48.) 



James Birtbie, of Birkenshaw. 

(xi 131 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the yeare of oure lord God 
m^ccccc'**xxxiiij'**, the xij^^ daie of the moneth of Januarie. I James 
Birtbie, of Birkinshaye, in the paroshing of Bristall, of hoU and 
perfite mynde, maketh my last testamente and will after this maner of 
form that foloweth. First I bequethe my saule to God Almightie, to 
our ladie sancte Marie, and to all the sanctes in heven, and my 
bodie to be buried in the paroche churche of Bristall of the hoUie 
apostles Peter and Paule, &c. In primis I give to the high altare 
for thinges forgotone xij**. To the churche workes iij* iiij**. Also I 
geve to my wif the good will & taike of my farmholde at Dewesburie, 
and also viij oxon, with the yolkes, teames, waynes, ploughes and all 
thinges therto belonging that is at Dewesburie, and the half of all 
my Kye that is at bothe my farmholdes, and the half of the yong 
beastes, saving I give to Margaret Akereide a whie of the holl. 
And I give to my wif the half of my horses & maires and the 
sheipe that ar at Dewesburie, and the goodes that was belonging to 
hir the daie of our manage, saving that of all this part of goodes 
I give to James Birtbie my sone iij^* vj* viij**. And I give to the 
said James my landes that I purcheside in Dewesbury, and of that 
parte of goodes spoken of before I give to RoBt Birtbie my sone 
vj** xiij» iiij**, and besides that I give to hym a great panne and my 
wifes best girdle, and I give to Thomas my sone the other girdle 
that was his mothers. And morouer I give to my wyff x siluer 
spones, to James and Robert Birtbie behove. And I give to my 
wif the half of my carre tymbre, and of theis goodes she shall 
contente and paye all her owne children hadde and goton with 
Richard Akeroide, and morouer for payeng of my farmes at Candle- 
messe, come shalbe taken at both my lathes to paye it with. And 
furthermore I give to Thomas Birtbie my soiie the tacke and good- 



296 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

will of my farmeholde at Birkinshay, with my draught of oxon, yolkes, 
teames, waynes, ploughes and all thing therto belonging, and the 
other half of my kye, yong beast, horses and maires that remanes, 
and all the sheipe at Birkinshay, and he shall paie my dettes that I 
owe and the money y* I am owing, when it is gotone it shalbe 
diuided to my wif and to Thomas my soiie, and the said Thomas 
shall haue all the yrone stone that is gotone of my grounde at 
Dewesburie. Finallie all the goodes that I have that remaneth aftre 
my decease nather given nor bequethed I give theme all hollie to 
Thomas Birtbie my sone, and the said Thomas and Alice my wif 
shalbe my executors aftre my decease, and they shall dispose for my 
saule as they thinkes the beste. And I maike S' Robert Nevile, 
Knight, the survior of this my last will. Theise men being witnes, 
Sir William Talyo"^, Thomas Grene and John Stublay, that this my 
last will be fulfillede. Writing the tyme aforesaide. — \^Proved 14 
4^«^» 1 535-] 



Robert Ward, of Methley, Chaplain. 

(xi. 137 a.) 

In the name of God Amen: the xxvij*** daie of Decembre, in the 
yeare of o*" lord God m^dxxxiij*^. I Robert Warde, of Methlaye, 
in the countie of York, chapleyne, holl of mynde and good 
remembrance, lovid be Almyghtie God, makes this my testament and 
last will in maner and forme folloyng. Firste I bequethe my soule 
unto Almightie Gode, oure ladie saint Marie, and to all the companye 
of heven, and my bodie to be buried within the churche yearde of 
Sainct Oswald of Methley nighe unto where my elders doe lye. Item 
I doe bequethe to the high Aulter xij^. Itm unto John Wedderheede 
one cowe and ij stirkf. Itm to Robert Sharp one cowe. Item 
Jenette Saundre one qwhye. Itm to Rauf Wedderheed one cowe. 
Itm I will that Jenett Appleyerde shall haue hir house that she 
dothe dwell in for the terme of hir live without anye rent payeng 
therfore. Itm I will that my dishe benche stand in my house for 
an heirlome. Itm I bequethe to the churche use one cowe or one 
cowe price. Itm I will that my executors shall the daie of my 
beriall deale at the churche for the helthe of my soule xxxiij* iiij<^. 
Itm I bequethe to the mending of the new brigge iij* iiij^. Item 
vj" viij** helpyng yearlie my obett for the terme of xx^ yeares. Itm 
I the saide Roberte Warde, chaplayne, dothe gyve unto John 
Wedderhedde and Henrye Hogesone and their heires one messuag, 
ij houses, one crofte and xij acres of lande in Windehill, with 
app*tenances in Methley, unto suche tyme or tymes that Robert 
Warde doe paie or cause to be payde to Robert Shane, Robert 
Tailyo', Thomas Furthe and George Sharpe, maide lawfull ffeoffes of 
& upon the said messuage, ij houses, one crofte and xij acres of 
lande with app'tenances in Methley, to the use of the said John and 
Henry, by me the said Robert Warde, chaplayne, x^» of lawfull money 
of Englond to the use and profett of the said John and Henrie and 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 297 

theire heires. The witnes therof, Robert Laburne, William Gierke, 
John Hogesone and Robert Sharpe. Item the rcsidew of all mye 
goodes not bequeathed I geve to William Clercke and John Hogesone 
to thentent that they shall thereof paye my dettf and dispose the 
reste for the healthe of my soule, the wiche Willyam and John I 
ordane and maike my laufull executors. Witnes wherof is Laurence 
Oites, chaplayne, Robert Labome, Thomas Raynald, Robert Shanne, 
Robert Taylyare. — [^Proved 8 January^ 1534-5.] 



Henry Butler, of Pontefract. 

(xi. 146 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : vicesimo die mensis July Anno 
Regni Regis Henrici octaui vicesimo sexto. I Henrie Butlar, hoole 
of mynde and good remem*^erance, makf this my last will and 
testament in this man^ and forme lolowinge. Fyrst I yeve & bequethe 
my soule to God Almyghtie, and to o"^ ladie Saincte Marye, and to 
all the hoole company of heven, and my bodie to bee buriede in the 
paroche churche of All Halowes in Pomfret or els wher it please 
almyghtye Jhu. Also my will is that the procto*" of the parishe 
churche of Pomfret shall haue in the name of my mortuarie and my 
tithes forgoton v". Itm I bequeathe to eu^y preste that is at my dirige 
and at my saule masse iiij**. Itm I gif and bequeth to eu^y clerk 
that wereth a cirplese j**. Itm I gif and bequethe to ather of the 
gilde prestes viij** to p'y for me. Itm to the frearf of Pontefract to 
doe for me masse and dirige ij*. Itm I gif to the lady preiste at 
the parishe churche xij^. Itm to the ladie preiste at Saincte Giles 
chapell viij**. Itm I gif to Saincte Rokf preiste viij^. Itm to Saincte 
Thomas preste viij**. Itm I gif to S*^ Alex' Carver, the parishe 
preste, iij* iiij**. Itm I gif to my suster Brodbanke a Rube sitl in 
gold. Itm I gif and bequethe to my suster Deynlay ij* to p'ye for me. 
Itm I gif and bequethe to my doughter Marie to hir mariage, in the 
name of hir barne parte, sex marcf, where upon xl* ar paide, and 
odre xl* shall she bee payede, so that she scale acquietance, also a 
masser with a siluer gilted bande about it, a golde Ring, ij silu^ 
spones, and also a great cownter. Itm I gif and bequethe to 
Issabell Butlar ij silu^ spones, hir modre beades, hir mother girdill, 
a fetherbedde, a mattresse and a golde Ringe, a grett potte, a lesse 
potte, ij pannes, and x marcf in penny and pennyworthe unto hir 
mariage and for hir barne parte. Itm I bequethe to Margarete 
Hunstone a golde Ringe with a Rube sett in the same Rynge and 
ij siluer spones. To Alice Holgaite my crucifixe of golde, ij silu^ 
spones, a fetherbedde and a mattresse. To my doughter Ellyne 
Bruke a great maser with a giltid bande about it, a golde Ringe, ij 
siluer spones. To Thomas Holgate a maser with iij Kinges of 
Colande and a veluett doublett. Itm I gif and bequethe Henrye 
Auswicke a landyron, a cownter with in the parlo*", brasen morter, 
and all the bedstockf w'in the house. Itm I gif to John Tindale 
my grene veluett doublett. Itm I will that my executors immediatlie 



298 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

aftre my decease cause me to haue a preste to sing at Sainct John 
Altare masse in the parishe churche of Pomfrett for my soule, my 
father soule, my mother soule, my wifff soules, and Dame Katherine 
Painter soule, and all Cristen soullf , and the forsaid preste to haue 
for that one yeare sex marcf. To Jane Tyndale my beades of 
currall with siluer gaudes. Itm I gif to Elisabeth Norton one silu^ 
spone. Itm to Maistres Rosse ij* to praye for me. Itm to Jenet 
Hyde viij**. The Residew of all my goodes aboue not bequeathed, 
my dettc paide, my funerall expenses maide the daye of my buriall, I 
make Thomas Holgate and John Tyndale my executors, and ather of 
them to haue for ther labo^ and pane taking vj* viij^, and the Reste 
thay to dispose it for the healthe of my soule as they thinke moste 
necessarie for my soule healthe. Arthur Dynelaie to bee my 
superuiso' to see that my will and testament bee fulfillede, and he to 
haue for his labo*^ vj* viij**. In witnes heerof and to this my present 
testament ande will I putte to my seale the daie and yeare aboue 
written, the yeare of our lorde God m^\^xxxiiij***. Also I will that 
my Feoffees shall suffre my executors to taike and receve all the 
profittf of all my landf, free holdf and copyholdf one yeare aftre my 
decease to paie my dett^ and performacione of my will. Theise 
being witnes, M*^ William Hogson, M^ Robert Farnell, John Skiptone 
and S'Alex Carver. — [Proved iS Mayy 1535.] 



William Anger, of Pontefract. 

(xi. 150 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the seconde day of Februarie, in the 
yeare of o^ lorde God mVxxxiiij'**. I William Anger, of Pomfret, of 
holl mynde and good remembrance, maketh my last will and testament 
in man^ foloying. Fyrst I bequeathe my soule to God Almyghtie, o*" 
ladie sancte Marie, and all the sainctf in heven, and my bodie to bee 
beried in the parishe churche yearde of All Hallowes of Pomfret 
Also I bequethe to the highe Aitare of thaforesaide parishe churche 
xij**. Also to Corpus X gild of the same churche all suche somes 
as I haue laide downe for the said gilde. To William Anger my 
sone if he come into the countre, my best iakett and vj* viij** of siluer 
for his costes. Also to John, my brother, vj" viij<* for releving of his 
childre. The Residewe of all my goodes, my dettf paide and my 
funerall expenses maide, I yeue and bequethe to Agnes my wif and 
Roger Anger my sone, wiche Agnes and Roger I constitute and 
ordane to bee my full executors, that they dispose my goodes as they 
thinke beste. Theise witnesses, S"" RoBt Adwike, S' William Dough tie, 
I.ionell Rostone, alderman, Gilbert Childe and Thomas Ambler, the 
daie and yeare abouesaide. — [Proved 14 August^ 1535-] 



Richard Wharton, of Sherburn. 

(xi. 161 b.) 

In the name of God Amen: the firste daie of Marche, the yeare 
of o*^ lord God m^dxxxiiij'^. I Ric. Wharton, hoole of mynde, make 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 299 

and ordane this my testament and last will in man^ and forme 
folowing. Furste I bequethe my soule to Almyghtie God, and o"* 
ladie sancte Marie, and to all the holie companye of hevyn, and my 
bodie to be buriede in the church yearde of Shereborne nyghe to 
the crose, and I bequeathe to M*" Vicare to p'y for my soule ij*, and 
to the highe altare odre ij", and also to the light in o'' ladies chapell 
xij**. Itm to the churche workes ij*. And to Robt Amstenson xvj^. 
Itm I will that my wif and my childre haue the Rest of my goodes 
equallie dividid amonges them, all odre my goodes not bequeste my 
dettes payed I gif to Katherine my wif, whome I make my executrix 
of this my testament. And I make Briane Bewlay, my father in 
lawe, my superuiso*" of this my testament. Theis wittenes, S' William 
Skynner, S"^ John Tailyo', John Wodhouse, John Boswell, Roberte 
Fildehouse, Thomas Dawson, and odre, — [Proved 14 Aprily 1535.] 



Thomas Carleill, of Holbeck, Chaplain. 

(xi. 162 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xxiij'** daie of January, in the yeare 
of o"^ lorde God m'dxxxiiij*^ I S'" Thomas Carleill, priste, of 
Holbecke, w'^^in the parishe of Ledes, of an hoole mynde and good 
rememberance, makf this my pnt testament and last will in man^ and 
forme foloyng. PMrst I be^the my soule unto God Almyghtie, and to 
o' blessed ladie saincte Marie virgine, and to all the sainctf in heven, 
and my bodie to bee buried w*Wn the parishe churche of Saincte 
Peter in Ledf before the Roode. Also I bequeathe to the holie 
sacrament xx**, and to the churche workf vj» viij^ and to Jhu preste 
ij", and to o"" ladie prestf iij* iiij^ and to S^ John Braiton iij* iiij^ and 
to S"^ John Tailyo"^ xx*, and to S"" Thorns Brige iij* iiij**, and to S"" 
RoBt Robinson ij% and to S"* William Carre v" and viij* that he did 
borowe of me and a gowne. Also I bequethe to my suster Carre 
V*, and to Issabell Carliell vj* viij** and a gowne. And to Wright wif 
a matteres, a paire of sheites, a paire of blankett^ and a cou^lett. 
And to Thorns hir sone my second gowne, my second doblett and 
vj» viij^. And also to John hir sone a doblett, a iackett, ij paire of 
hoise, a hatt and a bonett. And to Eliz. hir doughter a paire of 
sheites. And also to Roger Lee p'ce of a bonett ij% and to his wif 
p*ce of a kerchif xx**. And to his brother xij<^, and to eu^y man 
seru'nte that the said Roger Lee hathe'viij**. And also to Thorns 
Walcar v*, and to his wif xx**, and to eu^y childe of my ij bretheme 
and suster xx**, and eu^y godchilde y^ I haue ij**. Also I will that my 
brother Cristofer Carliell haue my best gowne and a^ doblett, a 
pressa"". And also I will that the daie of my buriall xl* bee disposed 
for the healthe of my soule. And also I bequethe further to S*" John 
Talyo*^ iiij m'cf to p'ie for me or singe halfe a yeare, and sale placebo 
and dirige dailie whils the tyme dothe laste. And I make my iij 
brethern Chrofer, Robert and Mathewe myn executors of this my 
last will, and S*^ John Tailyo*^ to bee superuiso*^ of the same will. And 
also I will that my iij bretheme devide equallie all the rest of my 



300 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

goodf not bequeste nor disposed amongf theme, but I will that 
Mathewe Carliell take of Richard Mygelaye xx* in his parte, w*^** the 
said Richarde did borowe of me bie the councell of Mathew. Theis 
bering witnes, Thomas Walkar, Roger Lee, Coscyne Mathew, William 
Man, and odre moo. — \_Proved 14 Aprii^ 1535.] 



Margaret Nalson, of Methley. 

(xi. 164 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxij*^ daie of Septembre, in the 
yeare of o' lord God mv^^xxxv*^. I Margaret Nalson, widowe, of a 
good witte and memorie, loved bee God, makf this my will and 
testament of this man^ foloyng. First I bequethe my soule to God 
Almyghtie, & to his blissid mothe^ Marie, and to all the sanctf in 
heven, and my bodie to bee beried w*^in the churche yearde of 
saincte Oswalde of Methlaie, nigh to my husbande. Also I bequethe to 
the high Altare ij**. Itm to o*" ladie light iiij**. Itm to the plough light 
iiij**, and to the nedis of the churche viij<^. Itm to John Nalson one 
oxe stirke. Itm to Agnes Warde one whie stirke. Itm to Eliz. 
Warde one whie stirke. It* to Anne, my doughter, one maire. Itm to 
Margerie ijtkf one cou^lette, one paire of harding shetes, one potte, 
one panne. Itm to Margaret Priance one cou^lett, one hardyn sheite. 
Itm I will that one leide and one paire of whernes shall remayn 
heireloymbes. Itm I will the ferme be taken of the hoole goodes 
and my sone RoBt to occupie all the farmeholde, so my doughter 
Anne shall haue iij kye grisse unto the Annunciatione of our ladie 
nexte to come. The Residewe of all my goodes not bequethed I 
yeue to my son Robert and Robert Warde, whome I make my executors. 
Witnes thereof, S"^ Richerd Shanne, chaplayne, George Sharpe and 
Thomas Blewett. — [Proved 25 September, i535-] 



William Lyndley, of Baghill in Woodkirk. 

(xi. 171 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen: the xx daie of the moneth of Nouembre, in 
the yeare of o' lord God m^v<=xxxiiij"*. I William Lyndley, of 
Baghill, of hoole mynde and good rememberance, makf this my last 
will and testament as foloyeth. Fyrst I bequethe my soule to God 
Almyghtie, to o' ladie saincte Marie, and to all the holie company of 
hevyn, and my bodie to bee beried in the churche yearde of 
Wodkirke. Also I bequeth to S^ John Coo, the parish preste, x\]\ 
Also I gif and be^the to Nicoles, my son, all my landes, so that my 
dettf bee paied of the said landes. The residew of the said goodes 
I gyf to Alice my wyf and Thomas my son, whome I make my 
full executors, and my brodre Percivall I make my superuiso*". Itm 
I will that my wif haue for hir dowrie my landes lying at Tynglay if 
thay bee sufficient, and yf they bee not sufficient I will she haue hir 
thirdes and dowrie maide out w*^ odre of my landes. Itm I will that 
Thorns my sone haue fyue m'cf, to bee paied and alleauyed of my 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 301 

landes when he shall bee louse from his apprentishipe. Geven at 
Baghill the daie and yeare aforesaide. Theis wittenes, Richard 
Crowder, Thomas Wilkinsone, S*^ John Coo, with odre. — \_Proved 7 
September, 1535.] 



John Naylor, of Roth well. 

(xL 176 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : in the yeare of our lord God m^ccccc***xxxiiij***, 
and the xvj'^ daye of the moneth of January. I John Nayler, of the 
parishing of Rothwell, w*in the countie of Yorke, of good hole and 
perfytt mynde and memorye, makf and ordans this my last will and 
testament in maner and forme folowyng. Fyrste I bequethe and 
yeue my soule to God Almyghtie, and to the glorious virgine saincte 
Marye, and to all the holie co'te and company in heven, to p'y for 
me, and my bodie to bee beryed apon the sousyde w*in the Kirke 
yearde of the holie trinitie of Rothwell. Also I bequethe to the 
churche nedes vj**. Also I will that all my goodf quycke and deide 
bee diuided equallie in iij ptes by even porcons at the sight and 
poyntement of Johanne BnJce of Mydleton, John Goodfelowe of 
Wodkyrke, Laurence Naler of Wodkyrke, and Henry Naler of 
Beyston, and in the defaute of all or any of theme to take odre iiij 
honest men, and I bequethe and gyf one parte and porcione of the 
sayde iij partes to Agnes my wyf, and I bequethe and gyf an odre 
parte and porcione to my sex children equallie to bee diuided 
amongf them vj, and if it shall please God to take any of my vj 
children oute of thys worlde to his mercie before thay or any of 
theme bee of lawfull aige and discrecione, to ordre, sett and bequethe 
hys, hyrs or there partes or porcyons them self, than I will that 
Agnes my wif haue all and eu^y suche partes to hir owne use and 
avauntage yf God so vysytte or becall theme or any of theme before 
she marye or wedde. And yf they or any of theme dye after she 
marye or wedde than I will that she haue no such partes ne parte 
of theme dying at none aige, but all and euery suche partes to bee 
diuided amonges my odre children equallye, and she to haue nothing 
to dowe ne mell of any suche, and the thirde parte and porcione of 
my goodes, my funerall expenses maide and my dettes payed, than I 
wyll that thay bee delte and diuided amongf my wyf and my 
children. In performyng and fulfyllyng of thys my laste wyll and 
testament I make Agnes my wyf my executrix. Thies beying 
wittenes, Henry Naler and Lauren'^* Nayler, with odre. — {Projfcd 14 
December, 1535.] 

John Dawson, of Moortown. 

(xi. 180 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : decimo die January anno dni mittmo 
iiiij'^xxxvK I John Dawson, of Mortowne, w*in the parishe of 
Ledes, of hole mynde and good remembrance, ordaneth and mak(^ 
my testament and last will in maner and forme folowing. Fyrst I 



302 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

gyf and bequethe my soule to Almightye God, to o' blessed ladye 
saincte Marye Virgine, and to all the sainctes in heven, and ray body 
to bee beryed in the churche yearde of saincte Petre at Ledes. 
Itm I will haue placebo, dirige, and messe off Requiem song the daie 
of my buryall for my soule and all cristen soules. Itm I gyf to the 
highe altare in Ledes xij*^ for tythes and oblaCons forgoton. Itm to 
the Abbote and the conuent of Kyrkstall iij* iiij**. Itm to Agnes 
Dawson xxx shepe, nowe in the tenure of Thoffis Dawson, hir fader. 
Ite to Catheryne Dawson iij^' vj" viij**, after the decease of Katheryne, 
my wyf. Itm to William Sail, Thomas, Roberte, Elisabeth, Juliane and 
Anne Sail, xij", to be diuided indifferentlie amonges theme. Item to 
John B Urdus one yowe shepe, to John Code one sheipe, to Robert 
Wycke one sheipe. Item to Eliz. Dawson ij*. The residewe of all 
my goodes, my dettes paide, I gyf to Katherine my wyf, whome I 
make my executrix of thys my testament and last will. Thies bering 
wittenes, Thomas Lynley, George Marshall, Thomas Wilson, with odre 
moo. — [Projfed i April, 1536.] 



Thomas Bolling, of Ardsley. 

(xi. 184 a.) 

In the name of God Amen: the ix*^ daie of Nouembre, in the 
yeare of o*" lord God m^ccccc***xxxv'**. I Thorns Bollyng, husbandman, 

of hole mynde and my bodie to bee beryed in the Kirke 

yearde of Saincte Michaell of Ardesley. Also I bequeathe to my 
suster Fuller a hawked cowe that I bought at Pontefracte. Also I 
bequeathe to Margerie Brouke hir parte that ys in the obligaCone. 
To the Kyrke vj* viij** 10 bye a baner. To my wif my farmholdes to 
bring uppe my children w^all, to suche tyme as they bee able to helpe 
theme selfe. Residew of my goodes not bequeathed I gif theme to 
Margarete my wyf, whome I makf my executrix to dispose for the 
healthe of my saule. Thyes wittenes. Sir Ric Greyne, John Telleyr, 
Cristofer Nowell, Cristofer Talyor and Thorns Bradley, desyryng theme 
to see that my will bee fulfilled. — [Proved 26 Fehruary, 1535-6.] 



Robert Shillito, of Featherstone. 

(xi. 185 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the xx*** daie of Januarye, in the yeare of o' 
lord God mV<=xxxj***. I Robert Shelitoo, seke of bodye and hoole of 
mynde, makf this my testament and last will in forme foloyng. Fyrst 
I bequeathe and gyf my soule to God almyghtie, to oure ladye 
Sancte Marie, and to all the holi companye of heven, and my bodye 
to bee beryed w*in the churche erthe at Fetherstone. In primis I 
gyf and bequeathe to the vicare to p'y for me ij". Also I gyf to the 
Kirke of Fetherstone to the reparacone of bokes xx^. Also I gif to my 
brodre William one whie. Also I will that my sone William haue my 
land whan that he cometh to lawfull aidge, and if it soo bee that the 
tefint will gyf yearelie therfore fyue nobles in a yeare that he bee fermer, 



TESTAMRNTA LEODIENSIA. 303 

yf no to take there avauntage and take yt to there owne handes. 
Also I will that my executors gyf to my son Richarde when that he 
Cometh to lawfuU aidge one whye, and when that he departeth frome 
theme that thay arraye hym conuenientlie to doe an odre man seruice. 
Also I gyf to oure ladie sluice one whye. Also I will that my 
executors fynde me on the beade rolle at my parishe churche. The 
residew of my goodf, my dettes paide and funerall expenses maide, I 
gif and bequeathe to Issabell my wyff and Nicholas my sone, the 
whome I ordane and make my executors, that thay dispose for me as 
I haue putte them in truste. Thyes wittenes, Edward Wormall, the 
vicare of Fetherston, William Euerynglim, the clercke, Robert 
Heptonstall, William Wilson, with odre moo.— [Proifed 6 Novembery 
1535.] 



John Wympe, of Swillington. 

(xL t88 a.) 

In the name of God Amen: the fyrst daye of Aprile, the yeare 
of o' lord God m*v<=xxxvj^\ I John Wympe, of Swillington, within 
the countie of Yorke, yoman, hole of mynde and good of 
rememorancie, makf this my last will and testament aftre this maner 
of forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my saule unto God 
Almyghtye, to oure ladye sancte Marye, and to all the holie 
companye in heven, and my bodye to bee beryed wHn the churche 
of Swillington. Also I bequeathe to the blessed sacramente xx«*. 
Also I bequeathe unto the cherche of Swillington v^ Also I 
bequeathe unto Agnes Dyneley and Alicie Dyneley, my wyf doughters, 
ayder of them xK Also I bequeathe unto Thomas Foxe, my 
kynseman, one cowe and a calf, a yowe and a lambe. Also I will 
that Isabell my wyf haue my farmeholde in Garforthe that I haue by 
leace of Maistres Gascoigne of Mekillfelde, and this my farmeholde 
that I dwell in according to the graunte of S"" Arthure Hopton, 
Knyght, Lord of Swillington. Also the residew of all my goodes not 
bequeathed, my will fulfilled, my dettes paide and my funerall 
expenses fynyshed, I make Isabell my wif, Henry Wympe and William 
Wimpe my sones to bee my full executors, and to haue all my 
goodes and to bee ordered at the sight of S*" John Haggare, John 
Hemysworthe, John Fentyman, Thomas Robert, John Lystre, to 
thentent that my foresaid children may haue there porcons, knowen 
what there right is whan thaye are able to occupye it. Thyes bereth 
wittenes, S»^ John Haggar, the curate, John Hemysworthe, John 
Fentyman, Thorns Robert, John Lyster, with odre moo — \_Proved 5 

^ay, 1536.] 



Alice Dyneley, of Swillington, Widow. 

(xL 194 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xvij<> daye of Aprile, the yeare 
of o' lord God m"*^v"»^xx*** and vj***. I Alice Dyneley, of 
Swillington, wedowe, hole of mynde and good remembrance, makf 



304 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

thys my last will and testamente aftre the forme folowing. Fyrste I 
bequeathe my saule to God Almightye, and to oure blessed ladye 
sancte Marie, and to all the celestiall companye in heven, and my 
bodye to bee beryed within the parishe churche of Swyllington. 
Also I bequeathe to tholie sacramente of the altare xij<*. And I 
bequeathe to the paryshe churche of Swillington ij torchejs and one 
whye of ij yeares olde to the furtherance and mayntenyng of oure 
ladye seruice within thaforesaid churche of Swillington. Furthermore 
I gyf to Alicie Dyneley my doughter my beste beades, and to Eliz. 
Dyneley my doughter my best girdle, and to Anne Dyneley my 
doughter my best gowne with one paire of syluer crowkes. Also I 
bequeathe to William Tyndall one whiet whye of one yeare olde, and 
to Elisabeth Tyndall one blacke whye with a whyet heede of one 
yeare olde. The Rest of all my goodes, my will fulfilled and funerall 
expenses maide, I gyf to Arthure Dyneley my sone, whome I make 
my lawfuU executor, and he for to dispose theme for my saule helthe 
and amonges my children where as he shall thinke moste necessarie 
by hys discrecone. Thies beyng wiitenes, John Tyndall and Thomas 
Hymesworthe, with odre. — [Proved 6 /une, 1536.] 



Agnes Cawdray, of Leeds. 

(xi. 199 a.) 

In Dei nomine Amen : theight daye of the moneth of Februarye, 
the yeare of o"" lord God m^v^xxxv***. I Agnes Cawdraye, of Ledes, 
widowe, of hole mynde and memorye, make my testament & will in 
man^ and forme folowing. Fyrste I bequeathe my soule to .Almightie 
God, to o*" ladye saincte Marie, and to all the holie companye of 
heven, and my bodye to bee beryed in the churche before saincte 
Katheryne qwere, and to bee brought forthe honestUe of the hole 
goodes. I bequeathe a kerchyf to the sacrament. Also I bequeathe 
to Thomas Ward a greate arke. Also I bequeathe to Alyson Warde, 
Thomas Warde wyf, my best gowne and my best lynsheite, a dyshe 
with a dublare & a syluer spone. Also I bequethe to RoBt 
Raystricke a payre of sheres w* one arke. Also I bequeathe to Johan 
hys wyf a lynsheite, a dishe w^ a dubler, and a syluer spone. Also I 
bequeathe to Rauf Cooke a mattres. To Margret hys wyf a 
lynsheite, a dyshe w' a dubler, a syluer spone. To Agnes, the said 
Rauf doughter, a syluer spone. To Tomysyn my doughter my best 
gowne, one excepted, w' a syluer spone. To Eliz. my doughter my 
best kyrtle, w* a syluer spone. To John my sone my horse. To 
William Olredde, my s^uant, my best paire of sheres, one payre 
excepted. To S*" Ric' Gayle iij* iiij**. Item I will my dettes bee 
paide of my hole goodes. Itm I bequeathe the good will of my 
house to Thomasyn my doughter. Also I bequeathe the residew of 
all my goodes to John my sone, and to Eliz. and to Thomasyn my 
doughters, to be dyuyded indifferentlie amonges theme. Also I make 
my sone John and Thomas Ward my sone in lawe my executors of 
thys my testament and laste will. Thyes beyng wittenesses, Richard 
Mathew and Robert Rauscucke, with cider. — [Proved 16 May, 1536]. 



testamknta leodiensia. 305 

Christopher Manners, late Priest of Shadwell. 

(xi. 204 b.) 

In the name of God Amen: the twentie day of Septembre, in 
the yeare of o' lord God m^ccccc^**xxxv*\ I Syr Cristofer Maners, 
late preiste of Shadwell, seke of bodie and hole of mynde, of good 
remembrance, ordaneth and makf this my laste will and testamente in 
thys maner and forme folowing. Fyrst I bequeath my saule to God 
Almyghtye, to o*" ladye saincte Marye, and unto all the sainctes of 
heven, and my bodye to be beryed within the Peter churche of 
Thornor. Fyrste I gyf and bequeath to the churche workes vj'' viij**. 
Also I gyf unto John Kechyngman and hys wife xx*. Also I gyf 
unto eu'y childe of the said John Kechyngman vij* vj** a peice. Also 
I gyf unto Jenet, my sister, vij* \'f. Also I gyf unto William 
Austrope iij" iiijd, unto Robert Watson iij* iiij**, unto John Mason 
iij' iiij**, unto John Scysson iij* iiij**. Also I gyf Thomas Manners, 
my broder, vij* vj**. Also I gyf unto my saide broder Thomas my 
worsted dublett. Also I gyf unto the saide John Kechyngman my 
worsted iackett. Also I gyf to S"" [d/ank'] Barker, preiste, all my 
bokes except my ij portecyes. Unto Sir George Pickard, preiste, 
vij* vj^. Unto Maude Maners v^ and also unto Issabell Maners my 
suster V*. Unto John Kechyng and hys wyf iiij syluer spones. Unto 
Isabell Man^s an oversee bedde coueryng. Also I gyf William 
Webster of Barwicke in Elmet v^ Also I gyf to my broder Thomas 
the gowne that Sir George sange hys fyrst messe in. Also I gyf to 
John Kechyngman my vyolet gowne. Also I gyf to John Kechyngman 
wyf my syde gowne. Also I gyf to my suster Jenet my side tawnye 
gowne. Also I gyf unto S*" Petre Holden, the vicare of Thornor, 
vij* vj**, and I make hym the superuisor of thys my laste will to see 
y* it bee performed in all maner of causes, and the resydew of all 
my goodes not bequeste, my will fulfilled and my dettes paid, I gyf 
thayme unto my broder Thomas Maners and John Kechyngman, 
whome I make myn executors to dyspose at the sight and will of 
the said Syr Peter Holden, Vicare of Thornor, that is to saye, unto 
the nexte of my frendes that moste nedes for the healthe of my 
saule. Yeven at Shadwell the daye and the yeare aboue written. 
Thyes bereth wittenes, Syr Peter Holden, Vicare of Thornor, Syr 
George Pickard, preiste, Rychard Alan, yoman, Thomas Maners, my 
broder, and John Kechyngman, with oder moo. And I will that xl* 
bee distributed amonges poore people at the daye of my beryall, and 
yf that will not extende to serue eu^y man that cometh the reste to 
bee taken of the fyue pounds not bequested. — [Proved 9 September^ 

1536.] 

LlONELL ByRKBIE, OF PONTEFRACT. 
(xi. 213 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xxvj*^ daye of Julie, in the yeare of o*" 
lord God m'ccccc**»xxxvj**». I Lionell Byrkbie, of Pontefracte, hoole 
of ra3mde and good of memorie, makf my laste will and testamente 



306 TESTAMENTA LBODIBNSIA. 

in thys forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my saule to Almyghtie 
God, to oure blessed ladie sancte Marie, and to all the celestyall 
companye of heven, and my bodie to bee buryed within the churche 
yearde of Pont., nye unto the steple door. Itm I bequeathe to the 
hye alter of Pomfrete for forgoton tythes xij^. To the use of the gilde 
of Pont. xij^. To y« seruice of Sancte CJeorge xVf. To the hye 
waye mending goyng to Wakefelde xij**. To bothe the seruicies of 
oure blessed ladie betwixte them xij^. To the house of the Trinitie 
for my saule messe and dirige v'. To the freres xx^. To Thomas 
Birkbie, my broder, my best gowne. To Eliz. Wilbore vj* viij**. To 
the Gierke of Batley my best iackett. To the use and profette of 
Badey churche xij*^. To Thomas Grethede, yonger, my best dublett 
To James Wilbore my marble iackett. To John Wilkynson a paire 
of hoise clothe the price of ij» viij^. To Agnes Hogeson viij^. To 
John Walton my best chamlet iackett. To Jane, my dought^ a 
maser. To eu^y one of my children for there porcons iij** yj* viij*, 
and yf it please Almyghtie God to call vpon anye of my children to 
hys mercie, than it ys my will that the goodes goe to the profette 
and vse of thoder lyving. And the reste and resydewe of all my 
goodes not legate or bequeste, my dettes paid and my fun^all 
expenses maide the daye of my buryall, I gif and bequeath to Alice 
Byrkbie my wife, whome I make my executrice of thys my will and 
testamente, and the m' of Trinities and Thomas Birkbie my broder 
to bee superuisor of thys my laste will and testamente, and I gif to 
them for there paynes and labor's so taking xiij* iiij**. In wittenes 
wherof, Willyam Nelson, John Clerkeson, John Wilkynson, John 
Walton, William Woulston, with oder moo. — [Pro7fed i6 November^ 
1536.] 



Christopher Wharton, of Otley. 

(xL 217 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the xvj'^ dale of the moneth of Julie, in the 
yeare of o' lord God mVxxxvj*^. I Cristofer Wharton, of Newall, of 
hoU mynde and perfite memorie beyng, dothe make, institute, and 
ordane my testament and last will in maner and forme heraftre 
foloyng. Furste I bequeathe my saule unto Almyghtie God my 
creato** and redemer, unto our blessed ladie the moder of mercye, 
and to all the sanctes of heven, and my bodie to be buryed within 
my parishe churche of All Halowes of Otley. Also I bequeste to the 
foure orders of Freres in Yorke to eu^y one of them xij**. Also I 
bequeath unto Symon, our s^vunt in Lyncolnshyre, ij* viij**. The 
residew of my parte, all my fun^all expenses and chargf deducted and 
withdrawen, I bequeste to my children equallye to bee diuided 
amongest theme. Furthermore I make Isabell my wife, my sones 
George, Nicholes and Thomas, thexecutors of thys my testamente and 
last will. And also I make my M** Laurence Kyghley, esquyer, 
superuiso' of the same. Theys berying wittenes, S"" Richard Cawdray, 
Rycharde Lyndley, Thorns Wharton, William Wharton, and S"^ Xpofer 
Warde, with odre moo. — ^Proved i^/anuary, 1536-7.] 



tkstamenta leodiensia. 307 

Robert Sancton, of Saxton. 

(xi. 2x8 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xxviij*** daye ^f Januarye, the yeare of 
cure lord God mVxxxvj***. I Robert Sancton, of the parish of 
Saxton, hoole of mynde and good memorie, makf this my testamente 
and laste wyll in maner and forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my 
sauie to Almyghtie God, and to oure ladie sancte Marie, and to all 
the holye companye of heven, and my bodie to bee buryed where it 
shall please Almyghtie God. Item I gyve to the hye alter of the 
churche of Saxton iij* iiij**. Item I gyve and bequeathe to Nycholes 
Sancton one yron bound wayne. Item to Gregorie Sancton one 
yron bound wayne. Itm I gyve to Nycholes Sancton one maser of 
siluer and gilte. Itm I gyve to Gregorie Sancton one yron bound 
chiste. Itm I gyve to the rode light w*in the churche of Saxton 
vj» viij*^. Item to the iiij orders of Freres w*in the citie of Yorke 
XX*, viz. eu^y order v*, to bee prayed for. Item I gyve to Nicholes 
Sancton all the londes that I haue lying in Bigging and Fenton and 
in Hewbie, and Itm I will that yf it so fortune that the said 
Nicholes Sancton dye w*out isshewe of hys bodie laufuUie begoton, 
then I will that the said londes remayne to Gregorie Sancton, hys 
broder. Itm I will that if it fortune the said Nycholes and Gregorie 
to dye bothe w'out isshewe of their bodies laufullie begoten, then I 
will that all thaforesaid londes shalbe diuided amonges my childers 
childern. Itm I will that Syr Wittm Herryson, Wittm Nellestrope, 
Robert Turpyn, Wittra Poole & Elene Sancton shall haue and 
receue all the profettes, fructes and comodities of my said londes 
lying in Fenton, Bigging and Hewbye, to suche tyme the said 
Nicholes Sancton bee of lawfull age, and they with the said profettes 
to bye and purchase landes w'all for Gregorie Sancton so ferre as it 
will extende, for my mynde and will is that the said Gregorie shall 
haue asmoche landes as Nicholes Sancton shall haue yf the said 
profettes and fructes will extende so ferre. Item I will that S"* 
Robert Blanche shall haue reasonable wages for one yeare to pray 
for me. Item I gyf to Robert Turpyn vj» viij<^, Item to Wittm 
Poole vj* viij**, whome I make and ordane superuisors of this my 
will to see it bee performed. The resydew of all my goodes not 
bequeathed, my dettes paid & will performed, I gyve to Elene 
Sancton my doughter in lawe, to Nicholes Sancton, to Gregorie 
Sancton, to Margarete, to Katheryne, to Anne and to Alicie Sancton, 
children of the said Elene Sancton, whome I make and ordane my 
executors. Theis witnesses, S"* Mathew Smythson, curate of Saxton, 
S' Robert Blaunche, chapleyne, ThoAs Bustard, Robert Turpyn, with 
Oder. — [Proved ult February^ ^536.] 



William Smyth, of East Keswick. 

(xi. 319 b.) 

In Dei note Amen : in the yeare of oure lord God mtcccc**»xxxvj***, 
the xxvj*** daie of Aple. I William Smythe, of Est Keswyke, within 



308 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

the paroche of Harwod, makf thys my testamente and will in forme 
thus conteignyng. Fyrste I bequeste my saule to God Almyghtie, and 
my bodye to bee buried in the churche yearde of All halowes of 
Harwod Also I gyve and bequeste to the holie sacramente of the 
hye alter ij^ iiij^. Also I bequeste to oure ladie of pitie there a 
preiste to sing for my saule ij^ Also I bequeste to the churche 
workes ij*. The residew of all my goodes, my bodie beryed and 
funerall charges discharged, with my dettes dispached and paid, I 
witte and bequeste to Richard Smythe my eldest sone, and Jenett 
Smythe my doughter, for to dispose for the helthe of my saule, and 
theme I ordane and make my executors for to exequute and fulfill 
thys my will. Theis wittenes, Cristofer Wille, Rauf Yngle, Wiftm 
Cloughe, w' manye moo, as Richard Alane and Robert Sysson. — 
[Proved 17 March, 1536-7.] 

William Nawte, of Lofthouse in Harewood. 

(xi. 219 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen: in the yeare of oure lord God m^xxxvj, 
theight daie of the moneth of June. I William Nawte, of Lofthouse, 
hoole of mynde and memorie, makf thys my will & testamente in 
forme thys conteignyng. Fyrste I bequeste my saule to God 
Almyghtie, and my bodie to bee beried in the churche erde of All 
Halowes of Harwod. Also I bequeste to the holie sacramente xij*^. 
To Jane Nawte, my sones doughter, xx*. To Sancte Robertes xij**. 
To S** William Priston to p*ye for me vj^ viij**. To Thomas Tate one 
ewe with a lame. The resydewe of my goodes, my dettes paid and 
my bodie beryed, I will that Richard Nawte my sone, Isabell and 
Margarete my dough ters, haue equallie diueded amongf theme by 
equall porcons, and I ordane and make the said Richard, Isabell and 
Margarete, my iij childer, my hoole executors for the accomplishing 
and fulfilling of thys my will and testamente for y*^ healthe and the 
weale of my saule. Also I knowlege of truthe that Henrie Nawte 
my sone had of me sex years borde of my ppre costes and charges, 
and wrought for hys owne advantage and profette bothe he and hys 
s^unte. Also that John Nawte my sone had by couuenunte made 
betwix me and hym for his childes porcone one yeare borde aftre 
he was iourney man and loosed out of prentiship, and labored for 
hys owne advantage and profette, also a stagge being worthe xvj% 
with one bedde of clothes, a cople of blankettf, a paire of sheites 
and a coverlet. Also the said John my sone dothe owe me for one 
half yeare boarde \blank\, also for yng grounde v* iiij**, also for iij 
croftes of gresse iiij^ Also that Thomas Nawte my sone had one 
mylke cowe w' the wiche he was agreed and contented to take for his 
barne parte, because he did not abide w^ me aftre he myghte labor 
and s^ue for hys lyvyng. And thies thinges to bee iuste and true 
I take of my conscience and fidelitie. Theis wittenesses, S'r William 
Pryston, George Wryght, Thomas Kyrkbye and Roger Horner, with 
many oder, as Richard Alayne. Also it is agreed that Richard Nawte 
frome the date herof, that is to wete, frome the making of thjrs will 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 309 

and testamente, shall putte all hys stocke of shepe that he vsed and 
kepid to hys owne advantage, unto the householde stocke of sheipe 
that goeth at there farmholde, and to bee taken, vsed and keped to 
thuse and profett of theme all, as comon goodes of the house, and 
to haue and enyoie that he hathe goton or taken of theme, unto 
thys date or making herof, .to hys owne profette and libertie. — [Proved 
17 MarcA, 1536-7.] 



Henry Hogg, of Otlev. 

(xi. 3aa b.) 

In the name of God Amen: the xxvj daie of the moneth of 
Decembre, the yeare of o*^ lord God m'cccccxxxvj'**. I Henrie 
Hogg, of Otley, husbandman, of hoole mynde and good remembrance 
beyng, makf my laste will and testamente in thys maner, forme 
foloyng. Fyrste I gyve & be^athe my saule to God Almyghtie, to 
oure blessed ladie sancte Marie Virgyne, and to all the sanctes in 
heven, and my bodie to bee beryed within my parishe churche 
yearde of all halowes at Otley. Also I gyve and bequeste to Gracie 
and Isabell my wyfe doughters aither of theme vj* viij^, besides there 
bame porCons wiche I am chargeable of. Also I bequeathe to 
William Hawkesworthe my s^uante, one fresed iakett, one paire of 
hoisen, and one yewe. The resydew of all my goodes aboue not 
bequeathed, my dettes paid and my funerall expenses deducted, I 
gyve it to Margaret my wyfe and Agnes my doughter. Also I gyve 
and bequeath all suche tenementf and farmeholdf as I haue in 
firme at thys daie duryng my termes, to Margaret my wyfe and to 
Agnes my doughter, whome I make my executrices. In wittenes 
herof, Sir Richard Cawdraye, my goostlie fader, John Hogge and 
Thomas Flesher, with oder moo.— [Proved \^ February^ 1536-7.] 



William Gibson, of Leeds. 

(xl 2*3 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen: sexto die Septembris anno Dni mittmo 
quiges"™** xxxv*<». I William Gibson, of the Wheitcote of the parishe 
of Ledes, of hoole mynde and good remembrance, makf my 
testamente and laste will in maner and forme foloyng. Fyrste I gyve 
and bequeathe my saule to Almyghtie God, to oure blessed ladie 
sancte Marie Virgine, & to all the sanctes in heven, and my bodie to 
bee beryed in the churche yearde of sainte Peter at Ledes nere to 
my wyfe. Also I gyve to the highe alter for tythes and oblacons 
forgoton xij^. Also I will John Gibson, my eldest sone, haue all my 
landf and my raymente & no more of my goodes. Also I will that 
Rauf, my sone, haue none of my goodes. Also I will that Richard, 
my sone, haue my farmholde aftre my disceace. The resydew of all 
my goodes, my dettes paid and fun^all expenses done, I gyf to S*^ 
Thomas [and^ James my sones, and Isabell my doughter. Also I 
make the said S** Thomas and James Gibson executors of thys my 



3IO TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

testament and laste will. Theis bering wittenes, S*^ John Herrison, 
curate of Ledes, John Mylner, Robert Marshall, w' oder. — [Proved lo 
March, 1536-7.] 

William Baynes, of Leeds. 

(xL 333 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the thirde daie of Septembre, in the yeare of 
oure lord God mVxxxvj. I William Baynes, of Ledes, of a hoole 
mynde and memorie, makf thys my laste will and teslamente in man^ 
and forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my saule to God Almyghtie, 
and to oure blessed ladie sancte Marie, and to all the sanctes in 
heven, and my bodie to bee beryed in the churche yearde where as it 
shall pleas Almyghtie God. Also I will that my goodes be diuided 
in three partes, thone parte to Agnes my wyfe, the seconde parte to 
my children, & the third parte to bringe me forthe of. Also I will 
that my wyfe haue the tacke of the mylne unto she bee maryed, 
and then to remayne to Adam Baynes my sone. Also I will that 
the said Adam haue the farmholde at Mylne grene, and Briane 
Baynes my sone the take of Conyshaye. Also I bequeathe to Agnes 
my wyfe, and to Adam Baynes my sone, my horses. Also I 
bequeathe to Agnes my wyfe, my kye. Also I will that Agnes my 
wyfe, and Adam Baynes my sone, bee my executors of thys my laste 
will and testamente. Also I make superuisors of thys my laste vrill 
and testamente John Baynes my broder and Thomas Warde, to 
see my will fulfilled and helpe my wyfe and my childre, and to haue 
for the"* labo^ betwixte theme xiij* iiij**. Theis bering wittenes, John 
Banes, Thomas Warde, Thomas Guye, with oder. — [Proved 10 March^ 
1536-7.] 

Janet Jubb, of Normanton 

(xi. 3a3 a.) 

In the name of God Amen : the thirde daie of Marche, in the 
yeare of o*" lord God m^cccccxxxvj. I Jenet Jube, of Normanton, 
widoo, of a hoole mynde and good remembrance, makf thys my laste 
will in maner and forme foloyng, that is to saie: Fyrste I bequeathe 
my saule to Almyghtie God, to oure blessed ladie sancte Marie, and 
to all the holye companye of Heven, and my bodie to be beryed 
w*in the churche of All Halowes at Normanton. Also I bequeathe 
to the blessed sacramente of the alter, tithes forgoten, viij*^. To s' 
Labrone, curate of the same churche, to p'ye for me, xij**. To the 
alter of oure blessed ladye wMn the same churche, an alterclothe. 
Td Margarete Lowkf one gowne and one kirtle. To my cousyng, 
Margarete Felde, one oder gowne. To Thomas Pendret wife one 
bonet. The resydew of my goodes not bequeste, my dettes paid, my 
will fulfilled, I gyve to s*^ Thomas Feilde, whome I make my hoole 
and true executor, to bringe me forthe and to dispose for my saule 
as he shall thinke the beste. Theis being vritnes, s"^ Labrone, curate 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 31I 

of the said churche, John Braiton, crowner, Roberte Shillitoo, 
husbandman, John Hoghton, husbandman, Roberte Nalson, pishe 
clerke, John Nalson, with oder moo. — [Proved 12 March, i53^7«] 



William Birtbye, of Birstall. 

(xi. 283 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the yeare of oure lorde God 
m^cccccxxxvj*^ the xxvij** daie of the moneth of Januarie. I William 
Birtbye, of hoole mynde, makf my last testamente & will 
aftre thys maner of forme that foloweth. Fyrste I bequeathe 
my saule .to God Almyghtye, to oure blessed ladye sancte 
Marie, and to all the sanctes in heven, and my bodie to bee beried 
in the churche or in the churche yearde of Brystall of the holie 
apostles Peter and Paule. In primis I gyve to the hye alter for 
tythes forgoton xij**. Also aftre my decease, all thinges discharged 
and all dettes and dewties contente and paid, all my goodes that 
remayneth I gyve theme hoolye to my wyfe and my children aftre 
the forme of the lawe, saving that of the hoole goodes I gyve to my 
three sones John, William and Edwarde ij whyes with calf, thone of 
theme a white heded and thoder with a great white balle in the hede, 
to sette forwardes to ther moste profitte besydes ther partes, and my 
wyfe and my children shall be my executors after my discease of all 
my goodes to dispose for my saule as they thinke the beste. Theis 
men bering wittenes, William Tailyo', preste, and Thomas Grene, with 
oder moo, that thys my laste wyll be fulfilled. — [Proved 24 February, 
1536-7, by Alice, the widow. Grant reserved to Anne, John, William, 
Edward, Margaret, Isabell and Alice, the children of deceased^ 



Isabell Blaker, of Castlbford, widow. 

(xl aa6 b.) 

In the name of Almyghtie God Amen : the xiiij*** daie of Octobre, 
in the yeare of o' lord God m*ccccc*^xxxvj. I Isabell Blaker, 
wydowe, in Houghton, w4n the parishing of Castleford, in a hoole 
mynde and rememorance, ordaneth and makf thys my laste will and 
testamente in maner and forme folowyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my 
saule to the m^cye of Almyghtie God by the intercessione of our 
blessed ladye and all sanctes in heven, and my bodie to bee beryed 
w'in the paryshe churche of All Halowes in Castleford. Also I 
bequeathe to Eliz, Methley in money or in penyworthes vj*» xiij' iiij*^ 
by the sight of ij honeste nebors, and to the same iij litle panes widi 
a brasse potte wiche are at Hemysworthe. And also I gyve to the 
same Eliz. thys same bedde that I doe lye in. And my wyll ys that 
the said Eliz. with her bequestes shall remayne and bee at the 
governance of my sone Roberte Medley, or with anye oder frende 
that he shall putt her to, unto suche tyme as she shall be mariable 
or able to haue the custodie of the said bequestes herself. Also I 
bequeathe to Aluerede Medlay one yong geldyng and one cowe with 



312 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

a calf. To Agnes Medlay my daughter in lawe all my garmentf, 
girdles, beltes, beades and rynges. And the resydew of all my goodes 
not afore bequeste I frelye gyve and bequeathe theme to Robert 
Medlay my sone, whome I ordane and make my executor, he trewlie 
to execute and fulfill thys my present wyll and to make my funerall 
expenses as it shall seme hym the beste to thono^ of God and the 
helthe of my saule. Theis bering wittenes, s' John Smythe, my 
curate, John Autan and Robert Abbot. — [Proved 2S MarcA, 1537.] 



Robert Webster, of Ledston. 

(xi. 239 b.) 

In the name of God Amen : the xxiij*** day of Aprill, the yeare 
of our lord God mV^xxxv*\ I Roberte Webster, of Ledeston, within 
the paryshe of Ledeshm, in the countie of Yorke, yoman, hoole of 
mynde and good rememorance, makf thys my laste will and 
testamente after thys man^ and forme foloyng. Fyrst I bequeathe my 
saule to God Almyghtie, and to oure ladye sancte Marie, and to all 
the holie companye in heven, and my bodye to bee buryed within 
the ladie quere at Ledeslim where my godfather dothe lye. Also I 
bequeathe unto M*" Vicare, my curate, for to p'y for me and to 
discharge me of my forgoton tithes xx". To the churche works of 
Ledestim vj* viij<*, and also for my Rome colye in the churche 
iij* iiij<*. To the supprior and to the brethern in the Abbay of 
sancte John the evangeliste at Pontefracte, where as I am a broder 
of the chapito** to bee assoled in the said chapito' and to haue an 
obite for my soule x^ To the Frears of Pontefracte to haue messe 
and dirige iij** iiij^. Unto s*" William Myrre to syng for me one half 
yeare to meite and wages xl*. Unto my broder, Thomas Webster, 
one gored oxe. Unto my suster, Jenet Craggf, one whie of one 
yeare old and upwardes. Unto Margarete Marley, my wyfe 
kinswoman, yf she wilbee counselled by my wyfe and her fader, one 
cowe. Also I wyll that Thomas Kitching my s'unte haue tenne 
quarters of barlie, v quarters of the barlie that ys sowen this yeare 
in the este close and oder v quarters the nexte yeare, and so to bee 
thorough for all maner of rekenyngf of all the yeares by paste the 
wiche I did neuer hyere hym, bot to gyve hym as I thought reason 
at my pleaso'". Also I will that Robert Gylson, my seruunte, haue iiij 
quarters of barlie, and so to bee through for all maner of rekenyngf 
of wages by paste. Also I will that my wyfe and my sone gyve eu^y 
yeare unto Beatrix Sewell my suster to the helping of her childern 
as long as they kepe my farmholde, one stroke of wheite and one 
other of barlie malte. Also I will that my lord prio*" of Pontefracte 
shall haue my best horse to thentente that hys lordshipe wyllbe good 
lord unto my wife and my children, in all my farmholdes, the wiche 
hys lordshipe hathe bene good vnto me in my tyme unto thys daye. 
Also all the resydew of my goodes, my wyll fulfilled, my dettes payd, 
my funerall expenses hadde and fynyshed, I will and make Jenet my 
wyfe and William Webster my eldest sone my full executors, to order 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 313 

and devyde by thadvice of frendes, that is to saye, of William 
Rawson of Styrton, RoBt Fetherstonhagh, John Dwason, Randall 
Machon, all my goodes evenlye amonges my wyfe and eu^y one of 
my childer in like moche, without any trouble to bee amongst theme. 
And that my wyfe and my eldest sone contentelye together haue my 
farmholde in Ledesfcm, the wiche I haue by leyce of my lord prio'' of 
Pontefracte and hys breder by convent seale, and yf my wyfe doo 
raarrie that then my eldest sone to haue all the hoole farmeholde, 
and for to see that thys ray wyll bee performed I woU and make my 
lord priour of Pontefracte superuysour of thys my will, and it will 
please his lordshipe to see that my wyfe and children may haue 
right. Also I wyll that my wyfe and my sone myn executors haue 
all my childem partes as long as they holde the farmeholde, the 
childern being at under age and then as frendes thinkes all thinges 
to bee ordered. Theis bereth witnes, William Rawson, RoBt 
Federstonhagh, John Dawson, Randall Machone, John Litster, with 
Oder moo. — [Proved lo Marchy 1536-7, by Joan^ relict Grant reserved 
to William^ son of deceased^ 

Margaret Booth, of Leeds. 

(xi. 939 b.) 

In Dei noi Amen: quarto die Marcij Anno Dni Mittmo quingen"*® 
xxxvj*°. I Margarete Bothe, of Ledes, widoe, of hoole mynd and good 
rememorance, ordane and makf thys my p'sent testamente and last 
wyll in maner and forme foloyng. Fyrst I gyve and bequeathe my 
soule to Almyghtie God, to our blessed ladie sancte Marie Virgine, 
and to all the sanctes in heven, and my bodie to bee buryed in the 
churche of sancte Peter in Ledes in the same grave that my 
husband was laid in. Item I gyve to the hye alter for tithes and 
obla^ons forgoton iij* iiij^. Item I gyve one fyne kerchyf to the 
sayd hye alter to make a corporax of. Item I wyll haue placebo, 
dirige and messe of Requiem songe the daye of my buryall, and 
iiij'» xiij* iiij** to bee bestowed the same daye for my soule and all 
cristen soules. Item I will that liij* iiij** bee distributed to the poore 
people in Ledes and within the parishe therof as sone as may bee 
conuenientlie after the daye of my buryall. Item I gyve to the 
settyng forthe of the soue side of the churche xx*. Item I gyve to 
S^ John Tayler iij* iiij^ to p'y for my soule, and one lynnen sheyte to 
make an alterclothe of at the chapell of the bridge. Item I gyve to 
Agnes, my suster in lawe, my beste gowne. Item I gyve to my 
suster Emote one cowe, and one violet gowne with a violet kyrtle and 
a hatte. Item I gyve to Agnes Bothe, my goddaughter, xK Item I 
gyve to RoBt Busse, my seruante, xxvj* viij**. Item I gyve to 
Margarete Foster my goddoughter a greyne gowne and my beste 
violet kyrtill, a kerchyf and a neckerchyf. Item I gyve to Katherine 
my s^unte a greyne gowne, a kerchyf and a neckerchyf. Item I gyve 
to Margarete Banke a violet kirtle, a kerchyf and a neckerchyf. 
Itm I wyll all ray oder s^uunt(> bee rewarded at the discrecJone 



314 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

of myn executors. Item I gyve to Alicie Cotney my worste violet 
gowne and a shyrte. Item to Juliane Brereley a kyrtle. Itm to olde 
Bnike wyfe one petycote and a kerchyf. Item to Agnes Alayne a 
kerchyf. Item to Agnes Robynson an apron. Item to Bartram wife 
a kerchyf. Item to Strikeland wyfe a kerchyf. Item to Dyneley wyfe 
a kerchyf. Item to Andrew wyfe a kerchyf. Item to Lupton wyfe a 
kerchyf. Item I will that my spynners haue distributed amongf 
them X*. The resydew of all my goodes and tackes, my dettes payd 
& my fun^all expenses done, I gyve to Richard Bothe, William and 
Thomas Bothe, my sones, whom I make myn executors of thys my 
present testamente and laste will. Theis being wittenes, Sir John 
Haryson, curate of Ledes, Thomas Waterton, Richard Mathewe, 
RoBt Busse, w* oder moo. — [Proved 13 May, i537> ^y Richard and 
William Bothe, Grant reserved to Thomas, a minor. ^ 



John Coupland, of Ledston. 

(xi. 240 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the xxvj day of Decembre, in the yeare of 
oure lord God mVxxxvj. I John Coupland, of Ledston, hoole of 
mynd and good rememorance, intending to bee & contynew the 
s'unte of God, make this my laste will and testamente in maner and 
forme foloyng. Fyrst I bequeathe my soule unto God Almyghtie, to 
o"" lady sancte Mary, and to all the saintes in heven, and my body to 
be buryed within the churche yearde of Ledeshm. Also I bequeathe 
to the hye alter for forgoton tithes iij" iiij^. Also I bequ*the to the 
Kyrke warke ther ij*. Also I bequeathe to Pontefracte Abbay to bee 
absolued j wedder. To my lord prior an oder wedder and to hys 
brethern. Also I bequeath to Thomas my sone my bound wayne w* 
yolkf, teymes and harowes, w' all the yron geyre. Also I bequeathe 
to Gracie, my doughter, vj* viij^ that her grandser gave her. Also I 
bequeathe to eu^ one of my oder children too lames. And I 
bequeathe unto a mayden childe that John Leper hathe vj* viij^. 
Also I bequeathe to Castleford bridge xij^. Also I bequeathe to 
John, my broder, my beste iaket. Also I bequeathe to Margarete, my 
wyfe, a bound wayne, an ambling fillie, whome I make and ordane 
myn executrix of this my laste wyll. Also my dettes payd, my wyll 
fulfilled, the resydew of my parte that leveth I gyve it unto my 
children to bee e^^allye diuided amonges theme. Theys being witnes, 
Richard Lake, Wittm Lound and John Bellhouse, with oder moo. — 
[Proved 10 March, 1536-7.] 

Thomas Shillito, of Whitwood. 

(xi. 342 a.) 

In Dei noie Amen: the ix^ day of May, in the yeare of oure 
lord God m'v<^xxxvij. I Thomas Shelytoo, of Whitwood, hoole of 
mynde and good rememorance, makf my laste will & testamete in 
maner and forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my saule to God 



TESTAMENTA LEODIKNSIA. 315 

Almyghtye, and to our lady Sancte Marie, and to all the holye 
companye of heven, and my bodye to bee buryed in the new quere 
of Fetherston. In primis I gyve to my mortuarie accustomed by the 
lawe. Item I bequeathe to the hye alter for tithes necligentlye 
forgoten xij*^. Item to oure ladye s^uicie iij* iiij^ to be prayed for. 
Item I gyve to Anne Blome vj" viij*^. Item to Richard, my sone, 
vj« viij**. Item to Eliz my doughter xiij» iiij<^, of the wiche I owe her 
v», and she to bee contented therwith for all her childes porcone. 
Itm I wyll that Olyuer, my sone, haue my great arke. Also I will 
that all my oder children that bee maryed kepe theme contented 
with that that they haue, savyng that Isabell Blome shall haue a 
wyndle of malte and a mette of wheyte, and Alicie my doughter to 
haue one awmbrye, and she to gyve agayne one arke that she hathe 
receyved. Item I wyll that myn executors gyve unto Olyuer my 
sone iiij marcf and one arke, and to Anne my doughter iiij m'cf, 
one pane, one payre of sheites, and one zewe hogge, a chiste, and 
one siluer spone. Item to William Abbott vj* viij^. The resydew of 
my goodes not bequeathed, my dettes payd and funerall expenses 
maid, I gyve to William Shelytoo and Roberte, whome I make my 
full executors, and they to dispose for my saule helthe as I haue 
putte them in truste. Also I make maister Vicare my curate and 
John my sone to bee my superuisors of thys my laste wyll and 
testamente, and they to haue ther costes and charges borne of my 
goodes. And yf ther bee any of theys ij executors that wyll not be 
ordered by my superuisors, and he to bee contente at the sight of 
my superuisors orels to be none of my executors, nor for to occupye 
none of my goodes. Theis being witnes, M"" Vicare, my curate, 
Thomas Shelyto, Nycoles Loykf, William Eu^yngfem, William Abbot, 
w* oder moo. — [Proved 2 JunCy 1537, by William Shelyto, Grant 
reserved to Robert ShelytoJ] 

James Turner, of Monk Frvston. 

(xi. 243 b.) 

In Dei noie Amen : the yeare of oure lord God m'v^^xxxvij, & 
the xix day of May. I James Turner, of Byrton, in the parishing of 
Monke-friston, of hoole mynd and good of rememorance, makf thys 
my laste will and testamente in man^ & forme foloyng. Fyrste I 
bequeathe my saule to God Almyghtie, to his moder our ladye sancte 
Marie, and to all the holye companye oi heven, and my bodie to bee 
beryed in Monke fristone churche. Also I bequeathe to the hye 
alter of Monke friston for oblacons forgoten viij**. Also I bequeathe 
to John Turner my broder one done stotte, a tawnye iaket and a 
bukskynne dublet. Also I bequeathe to Thomas Hyll one worsted 
dublet, a violet iaket and a buckskyne dublet. Itm to John Notte 
one worsted dublet. Also I bequeathe to Thomas Gylzam a stotte 
with a white heed. Itm to John Home one dublet. Itm to Robert 
Hyll a youe and a lame. Itm to John Cooke a paire of hoyse. 
Itm Margarete, my maden, vj^. Also I bequeathe to eu^y one of my 
godchildren being w^in the parishe iiij*. Item to Isabell, my 



3l6 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

doughter, ij quarters barlie. Itm to S^ Petre Marshall, my curate, one 
wedder. Itm to John Metham, parish clerke, a mette of corne. Item 
to yong William Wilson my dagger with knyves. Also all my rayment 
not bequeathed, with my harnes, as iacke, sallet, bowe, arrowes, 
swerde and buckler, I gyve to bee diuided amongf my children. 
Also I will that William Hyll children haue ther partes forth of my 
hoole goodes, and likewise my dettes to bee payd of my hoole 
goodes. Also I make Eliz my wyfe and all my childre wiche I 
hadde w' the sayd Eliz my executors, to fulfill my will and pay my 
dettes, and when my dettes ys payd she to haue the thirde parte of 
my clere goodes, and thoder two partes to bee diuided amongf my 
children. Also I gyve my wyfe all my land ten and tackes duryng 
her lyfe, to help to bring up my childre. That thys ys my true will 
theis to witnes, Thomas Elingworth, William Byrton, John Byrton, 
William Halilie, S"" Petre Marshall and John Methm, with oder. — 
[Proved i6 /une^ i537> ^y Elizabeth, the widow. Grant reserved to 
Isabella^ John, and John, Thomas, William and George Turner, children 
of deceased J\ 



William Reidman, of Featherstone. 

(xi. 245 a.) 

In the name of the Fader and the sone and ' the holie goste 
Amen : in the yeare of oure lord God m'cccccxxxvij, the sexte day 
of May, in the xxix*** yeare of the reigne of our sou^aigne lord king 
Henrie theight. I William Reidman, of Loschoo in the countie of 
Yorke, w^in the parishe of Fetherston, gentleman, seke in bodie and 
hoole and perfecte of mynd, dothe make this my laste will and 
testamente in maner and forme foloyng, that is to witte. Fyrste I 
the same William Reidman bequeathe my saule to Almyghtie God, 
and to our ladye sancte Marie, and to all the holie companye of 
heven, and my bodie to bee buryed within the parishe churche of All 
hallowes at Fetherston, in the hye quere before the holie sacramente. 
And also I the same William bequeathe to S*" Edwarde Wormall, the 
vicare of the same churche, to p'y for me, and for my tythes forgoten 
xx^. And all the resydew of my goodes, my dettes paid and fun^all 
expenses maid, I gyve and bequeathe to Jane my late wyfe and to 
Norynan Reidman my sone, Petre Reidman my sone, Walter Reidman 
my sone, and to John Reidman my sone, whome I make myn 
executors that they and eu^y of theme dispose for me as I putte theme 
in truste, for the helthe of my saule. And further I make M*" 
Richard Reidman, Esquyer, of Harwod castell, my superuisor, and I 
beseche him to be good M*" to Jane my wyfe and to all my children, 
even as he hathe bene to me at all tymes and as my truste is in 
hym, and to helpe theme in ther ryght. And also I will and assigne 
to Jane, my wyfe, all my farmehold according to the leace maid 
to me during all the tyme that she kepeth her widowe and no 
longer. And then I wyll and assigne all the same farmeholde to 
Norman Reydman my sone duryng hys lyfe, and immediatlye after 



TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 317 

hys disceace then to Walter Reidman my sone duryng hys lyfe. 
And immediatlye after hys disceace then to Petre Reidman my son 
during hys lyfe. And immediatlye after hys disceace then to John 
Reidman my sone during hys lyfe. And yf it happen all my 
aforesaid sones to disceace and dye within the same leace then I 
wyll and assigne the same farmehold during the reste of the same 
leace to Jane Reidman my doughter, and to Margarete Reidman 
my doughter, and to Agnes Reidman my doughter, and to 
Emmote Reidman my doughter. Fyrste to Jane, after her 
deceace to Margarete, and after her disceace to Agnes, and 
after her disceace to Emmote, during the same leace. And morouer 
I the same William wyll by thys my present will that Norman 
Reidman my sone shall suffre Jane my doughter, Margarete my 
doughter, Agnes and Emmote my doughters, and eu^y one of theme, 
during ij yeares nexte and immediatelie foloyng the day of my dethe, 
to take and yearelye perceve the rente and ferme of one house in 
Wakefeld, lying in one streite the' called Kyrkgait Streit. F'yrste ij 
yeares rente to Jane, after those two yeares to Margarete, and then 
to Agnes, and then to Emmote, unto suche tyme that eu^y of theme 
haue receyved ij yeares rente of the same house. In wittenes herof 
I thaforesaid W"" Reidman unto this my laste will and testamente 
haue setto my hande the day and yeare aboue written in the presence 
of S' Edward Wormall, my curate, and S*^ Thomas Felde, clerke, George 
Fryston, Roberte Blome, William Eu^ynghm, and oder moo. — [Frothed 
19 May, 1537.] 

Laurence Otes, of Morley. 

(xi. 847 b.) 

(See Sheard's Batley, p. 311.) 



John Bray, of Pontefract. 

(xL 247 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xxviij day of March, in the yearc of 
oure lord God m'v^xxxvij. Witnesseth and testyfyeth that I John 
Bray, of Pontefracte, w*in the countie of Yorke, hoole of mynde and 
good memorie, makf my laste wyll and testamente in thys worlde and in 
thys forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe my saule to Almyghtie God, 
to oure blessed ladye sancte Marie, and to all the celestyall 
companye of heven, and my bodie to bee buryed in the church 
yearde of all hallowes in Pontefracte. Itm I gyve and bequeathe to 
the hye alter of Pont, for forgoton tythes xij<*. To John Bray, my 
broder, xiij^ iiij**. To Margarete Am^stone, my s*unte, xij**. To the 
seruycyes of oure blessed ladie of Pontefracte xvj^. Itm it is my 
will to haue a dirige and a saule messe done for me in the parishe 
churche of Pontefracte. To Jenet Crawshay, my doughter in law, 
iij* iiij**. The resydew of all my goodf not legate or bequeste I gyve 
and bequeathe to John Bray, my sone, whome I make my executor. 
Theis bering witnes, Roberte Warde and Roger Robynson, with oder 
moo. — [Proved 2,0 July, '537-] 



3l8 testamenta leodiensia. 

Richard Clidero, of East Keswick. 

(xi. 251 b.) 

In Dei noie Amen: in the yeare of our lord God m*cccccxx3cvij. 
I Richard Clidero, of Estkeswicke, husbandman, within the parish of 
Harwod, hoole of witte, reason and mynde, although seke, deceased 
and erased the bodie, makf thys my wyll and testamente thus in 
forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequeathe and witteth my soule to God 
almyghtie, and my bodie to bee buryed in the churche yearde of 
All Hallowes of H^irwod. Also I witte unto the hye alter vj<^. Also 
I witte and willeth thaTc ij torches bee bought and geven unto the 
churche. Also I gyve and witteth unto S' Wittm Pryston to p'y for 
my soule xij^. Also I will that Percivall Clideroo my sone haue x» 
more than hys childeparte, to bee taken of my thirde parte. The 
resydew of all my goodes, my dettes payd and my fun^all charges 
discharged, I gyve and witteth unto my wyfe and childer to bee 
diuided amonges theme aftre the custome and ordinance of holye 
churche. Also I ordane and makf Eliz. my wyfe, Nicholes and 
Thomas Clidero my sones, my executors, for thaccomplishing and 
fulfilling of thys my testamente and wyll. Theis witnesses, S^ Wittm 
Preston, William Clough and Richard Smythe. — {Proved 22 September^ 
1537.] 



Richard Pollard, of Newlav Grange. 

(xL 261 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the v day of the moneth of Julie, in the 
yeare of our lord God mVxxxvij, y' I Richard Pollerd, of New lath 
grandge, in the townshipe of Horsforth, of the parishing of Guysley, 
being of a hoole mynde and perfecte of rememorance, makf this my 
laste will and testament in man^ and forme foloing. Fyrste I gyve 
and bequethe my soule unto Almightie God my creator and redemer, 
and to our ladie the blessed virgine sancte Marie, and to all the 
sanctes in heven, and my bodye to bee buried w'in the parishe 
churche of Guysley, and that thing that the lawe requyreth to bee 
my mortuarie. Also I gywe and bequethe unto the hye alter for 
tithes and oblacons forgoton iij^ iiij<*. Also I will that a preiste shall 
synge a yeare for my soule, my wyfe soule, and John Pollerd soule, 
and for all my frendes soules, and to haue iiij^» for his wages. Also I 
gyve and bequethe unto Agnes Smegergyll iij^» vj" viij**. Unto Jenet 
Chanler xx*. To my lord abbate of Kirkstall vj» viij**, to bee assoled. 
Unto Jane Marshall, my doughter, my wyfe beste girdle. Also I will 
that Eliz. Pollerd, my doughter elay, haue half of my goodes not 
bequethed Also I will that Richard Pollerd, CJeorge Pollerd, John 
Pollerd, Eliz. Pollerd and Ane Pollerd, children of John Pollerd, 
haue thoder half of my goodf not bequethed. Also I make my 
executors of this my laste will and testamente, Eliz, Pollerd my 
doughter elay, Richard Pollerd, George Pollerd and John Pollerd, to 
pay my dettes and to see thys my laste will and testamente fulfilled. 



TESTAMENTA LEODIKNSIA. 319 

Also I make superuisors of thys my laste wyll and testamente, S*" 
John Mathew, and George Marshall my sone elay, and to see my 
wyll and testamente bee fulfilled and helpe my doughter elay and 
her children in ther ryght, and than to haue ather of theme for ther 
labor iij'» vj* viij<*. Thes bering witnes, M*" John Groue, M"* Steven 
Paslcy, S*" Richard Gale. — [Proved 4 October^ iS37-] 



Robert Turner, of Lindley. 

(xL 364 a.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xix day of the moneth of June, the 
yeare of our lord God 1537. 1 RoBt Turn^, of Lyndley, 
husbandman, of hoole mynde and good rememorance being, makf 
my laste will & testamente in this man^ and fo'me foloyng. Fyrste I 
gyve my soule to God Almightie, to our blessed ladie sancte Marie 
Virgyne, and to all the sanctes in heven, and my bodie to bee beried 
wHn my parishe church yerde of All hallowes at Otley. Also I 
gyve to the mending of the brig at Otley iij" iiij*^. Item I bequethe 
to the mending of the hyeway betwixte Otley and Lyndley xij**. Item 
I gyve to Margarete Cristall a cowe, a whye, sex sheipe, a kirtle 
clothe and a couplet Item I gyve to WiH:m Roger ij kye and ij 
calves, ij whyes, a maire, xxx sheipe, xx* in money, ij stone of woule, 
and one honeste bedde of clothes. Item I will that Leonarde my 
sone sail helpe the said Wittm to plue hys lande at all tymes 
convenient to bee had, and the said W"* to meite thoxon in the 
meyne tyme. The residew of all my goodes aboue not bequethed, 
my dettes paid and funerall expenses deducted, I gyve it to Leonard 
my sone, whome 1 make my hoole executour. Theis beyng witnesses, 
Syr Wittm Greyne, S' Cristofer Waid, Thomas Driver, Thomas 
Donwell, Steven Asklim, John Milncr and Wittm Turner, w* oder 
moo. — [Proved 2\ July ^ i537-] 

Robert Mores, of Potternewton. 

(xi. 265 b.) 

In the name of God Amen; the xxviij<** day of May, in the yeare 
of o' lord God mVxxxvij. I Roberte Mores, dwelling at Potter 
Newton, w*in the parishe of Ledes, of hole mynde & good 
rememorance, ordans & makf this my testamente & laste will in man^ 
and forme foloyng. Fyrste I bequethe my soule to Almightie God, 
to oure blessed ladie sancte Marie Virgyne, and to all the sanctes in 
heven, and my bodie to bee buried in the parishe churche of sancte 
Peter in Ledes, before the glaswindowe that I maid in the north 
side of the chirchc. Item I bequethe to the hye alter there for 
tithes and oblacons forgoton xij<*. Item to J*hu gilde iiij**. Item to 
the hye alter at Whitkirke iiij**. Item I will haue placebo, dirige and 
messe of Requiem songe for my soule and all my frendes soules the 
day of my buriall. Item I gyf to my landelorde M"* Thomas 



320 TESTAMENTA LEODIENSIA. 

Portington, Esquier, vi'f y'f, and to my maistres hys wyfe vij* vj**, 
to bee good M"" and maistres to my wife and to my childer. Item I 
gyf to Agnes my wyfe my ambling gelding. Item I gyve to Richard 
Mores & Martyne my sones ij brasen morters, and whether of theme 
is maried further to haue my newe brasen morter. Item I will that 
Agnes my wife haue my farmeholde wiche I dwelle upon during her 
lyf naturall, and aftre her decease to remayne to Martyne Mores my 
sone. And yf the said Martyne dye w*out ishue, then I will the said 
farmeholde remayne to Ric' Mores my sone and his heires. And yf 
the said Richard dye w'out ishue, then I will the said farmeholde 
remane to Alice Mores, Agnes, Margarete and Juliane Mores, my 
doughters, and theire heires during the yeares, as planlie dothe apere 
by a paire of Indentures maid betwixte M*" Portington, Esquyer, and 
me the said Rofet Mores. Item my dettes paid, I will that Agnes my 
wyfe haue one part of my goodes throughout. Item I will my 
children haue a noder parte to her childf porcone. Itm I will haue 
the thirde parte for my fun^all expenses, so that my wyf shall haue 
xxvj" viij^, and Alice Mores my doughter vj* viij*^, Agnes Mores my 
doghter xiij* iiij^, Margarete Mores my doughter x% and 
Juliane Mores my doghter x% to bee taken forthe of my 
parte. The residew of my parte to bee diuided amongf 
all my children. Item I make Agnes my wyfe and Martine my sone 
my executors to fulfill my will. Item I will that Rauf Graue, Wittm 
Mores and John Mylnegate, bee my superuisors of this my present 
testamente and laste will, to see it trew performed, and eu^yone of 
theme to haue iij^ iiij** for ther labor. Theis bering witnes, William 
Dyneley, gentleman, S*^ John Haryson, curate, Thomas Lynley and 
John Brodley, with oder moo. — [Proved 26 /ufy, 1537.] 



John Smyth, of Leeds. 

(xi. 268 b.) 

In Dei noTe Amen : the xxiiij'*^ day of Decembre, in the yeare of 
oure lord God m'v^xxxvij. I John Smyth, of the parishing of 
Ledes, hoole of mynd and good rememorance, makf thys my last 
wyll and testamente, as in forme foloweth. Fyrste I bequethe my 
soule to the m^cie of God, and to the p'yer of oure ladie and all 
sanctes, and my bodie to be buryed in the churche erthe of Ledes. 
And I will that my mortuarie bee payd according to the Kinges actes. 
Also I bequethe to my suster Dawson of Burlay a maire, and to her 
sone Thomas xxxvj sheipe, and to Richard of Wod v* of golde. And 
of all oder my goodes moueable and unmoueable, I make my hoole 
and sole executour my broder Richard Smyth of Guisley parishe, to 
devide them among my frendes and to dispose theme for my soule 
at hys discretione, as shall seme hym beste and as my truste ys in 
hym for the same. Also I bequest to the hygh alter of Ledes xij<*. 
Witnesses of thys will to be trewe, Cristofer Coites, John Admergyll, 
William Dawson, Richard Wod, with oder moo. — \_Pr<nfed it January^ 

1537-8.] 

G. D. L. 



Clje life anb Jfuneral Sermon of t&e 
le&. Htc^arb Sttetton, Jl.^. 

First Minister of Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds, 1672-1677. 



The following life of the Rev. Richard Stretton and his funeral 
sermon have been taken from a copy in Dr. Williams's Library, 
Gordon Square, London. Extracts from it have been printed in 
D. H. Atkinson's Ralph Thoresby : his Town and Times, vol. ii, pp. 198 
and 256, but a complete copy will doubtless be acceptable to the 
members of the Thoresby Society. It may here be added that 
Mr. Stretton's Bible is in the possession of the Rev. Charles Hargrove, 
the present minister at Mill Hill Chapel, who has kindly supplied 
the following transcript. 

A 

SERMON 
Preach'd at 

HABERDASHERS HALL, 

July the 13th, 17 1 2, 

On Occasion of the 

DEATH 

Of the Reverend 

Mr. RICHARD STRETTON, M.A., 

and Minister of the Gospel. 
Who dy'd July the 3d. Aged Eighty. 

By Matthew Henry, Minister 
of the Gospel. 

To which is added, 
A Short Account of his LIFE. 

London : 
Printed for J. Lawrence, at the Angel in the Poultry ; R. Robinson, 
at the Golden Lion in St. Paul's Church-yard ; N. Cliffe, and D. 
Jackson, at the Bible and Three Crowns in Cheapside. 1712. 



322 LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 

A 

Short Account of the 

LIFE 

of 

Mr. RICHARD STRETTON. 

He was the Son of Mr. William Stretton, of Great Cleybrook, 
near Lutterworth, in Leicestershire, where he was born, but was 
descended from the Strettons, of Stretton, in that County. 

He was bom about the Year 1632, but the exact Time of his Birth 
could not be recovered, for this Reason; his Father being a Puritan, 
and the Minister* of his Parish such a one as he could not with 
Satisfaction bring his Child to be baptized by, he procured one 
Mr. Moor' to baptize him, who was a Puritan Minister in the 
Neighborhood; and so he was not registered in the Church-Book. 

He often spoke of it as an instance of God's Goodness to him, 
that he enabled his Father, though he had many Children, to bring 
him up a Scholar. 

1 Thoresby wrote in his diary on 19 July, 17 12: — "In the evening I walked to 
Goodman fields, to Mr. Stretton*s, to persuade the printing some memoirs of his 
late excellent father, and to add his picture from the original, which he seemed 
inclinable to, and I promised what poor assistance lay in my power." And on 
26 July, 17 12, that "I walked from Lincoln's-Inn-fields (juite throi^h the City to 
Mr. Stretton's, at Goodman Belds, to give him the memoirs I had drawn up of his 
late excellent father, to be inserted in his Life, shortly to be published, with the 
funeral sermon, by Mr. Henry." {Hunter^ ii, pp. 142 and 146. ) Matthew Henry was 
then minister at Mare Street, Hackney, having commenced his ministry there 
18 May, 17 1 2. His Commentary went through many editions. (See Dictionary 
0/ National Biography, ) The pedigrees in Nichol's History of Leicestershire show 
no connection between Mr. Stretton and the Strettons of Stretton. 

2 The Rev. C. T. Hayter, the vicar of Claybrooke, has written to say that, 
according to the History and Antiquities of Claybrooke^ by Aubrey Macaulay, 1 79 1 
(uncle to Lord Macaulay), Gervas Aldred was vicar from 1623 to 1642. Macaulay 
mentions that William Stretton had property in Great Claybrooke in 1694, and 
that Thomas Stretton had properly in Little Claybrooke in 1733; also that 
William Stretton, late of Lower Claybrooke (or Great Claybrooke), gave by his will 
to Ihe poor of the said town /"s, to be put out to interest by the minister and 
churchwardens, and the interest to be applied from lime to time, for the use of the 
poor aforesaid, in such manner as the minister and churchwardens shall think Bt 
and expedient. Thomas and Mary Stretton, of Wiltoft, were owners of land in 
Little Claybrooke in 1681. 

» Probably John Moor (i595?-i657), of Exeter College, Oxford; rector of 
Knaptoft, 1638, of Lutterworth, 1647 ; preached and wrote against enclosures. 
(Dictionary of National Biography.) 



LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 323 

He had his Academical Education at New CoUedge, in Oxford, 
and was Chaplain of the Colledge, as the noted Bishop Gunning^ had 
been some Time before. 

He commenced Master of Arts, July 9, 1658^ (praestitis exercitiis 
per Statuta requisitis), as appears by a Testimonial under the Hand of 
the University Register. 

In the beginning of that Year, having past through not only his 
Time, but his Studies in the University, he went to be Assistant to 
Dr. Cheynel,' at Petworth, in Sussex, a great Living. 

Soon after his Settlement there, he was publickly and solemnly 
ordained, and set apart to the Office of a Preaching Presbyter (so the 
Testimonial of his Ordination runs) and the Work of the Ministry, with 
Fasting, Prayer, and the Imposition of the Hands of Six Presbyters, 
in the Parish Church of Arundel, October 26, 1658. He having given 
sufficient Testimony of his competent Age, his unblameable Life and 
Conversation, of his Diligence and Proficiency in his Studies, and of 
his fair and direct Calling to the fore-mentioned Place; and they 
upon Examination finding him to be duly qualified and gifted for 
that Holy Office and Employment. 

He continued at Petworth till Michaelmas, 1660, when Dr. Cheynel 
was put out to make Room for Dr. King, Bishop of Chichester. 
Mr. Stretton, however, staid, and preach'd there till November (as 
Dr. Calamy's Account is), having two friends, viz. Captain Taylor and 
Mr. Bernard, who were very great with the Bishop, and prevented 
him sending down any other. The Bishop by them offered Mr. 
Stretton ;;^ioo per Annum and the Choice of any Prebend he had 
that was vacant, if he would be his Curate at Petworth ; but 
Mr. Stretton not being satisfied to conform, declined it; and upon 
the Bishop's sending another down to the Place, he quitted it. 



1 Peter Gunning (1614-1684), Bishop of Chichester, 1669-75, and of Ely, 1675 
until his death, 6 July, 1684. (Foster's Alumni Oxon., and Dictionary of National 
Biography.) 

« Matriculated 27 November, 1652 (subscribed " Sireaton '*) ; B.A. 16 March, 
1655-6. (Foster's Alumni Oxon.) Oliver Hey wood referred to him as * Mr. 
Streaton.' 

'Francis Cheynel (1608-1665) was D.D. 24 July, 1649, president of St. John's 
College, 164S-50, Margaret professor of divinity, 1648-52, one of the assembly of 
divines, 1643. (Foster^ Alumni Oxon.) See Calamy's Nonconformist Memorial^ 
2nd ed., vol. iii, p. 324, and the Dictionary of Nntiotial Biography. Calamy states 
that Petworth was worth £^OQ per annum. Cheynell pestered the theologian, 
William Chillingworih, prel)endary of Salisbury, when a prisoner, by his exhorta- 
tions, and harassed his last hours. Cheynell appeared at Chillingworth's funeral in 
1644, and after a long speech denouncing his heresies, flung a copy of his * Religion 
of Protestants' into the grave that it might rot with its author, and see corruption, 
(Dictionary of NcUional Biography ^ s.v. Chilling worth.) 



324 LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 

Coming to London, quite at a loss how to dispose of himself, 
Mr. James Nalton^ providentially met him in the Street ; and having 
been spoken to by the Lord Fairfax to recommend a Chaplain to 
him, he presently brought Mr. Stretton to him ; and upon his 
Recommendation my Lord accepted of him, and took him down 
with him to his Seat in Yorkshire, and soon found himself and his 
Family very happy in having such a skilful, faithful helper in the 
Things of God. * 

While he was Chaplain to my Lord Fairfax he married Deborah, 
Daughter of Mr. Robert Moreton, that excellent, pious, useful Man, 
that was some Time Minister at Church-Lawford, near Coventry, and 
Sister to Dr. Richard Moreton,^ who was turned out at Kinver, in 
Staffordshire, and afterwards was a very eminent Physician in London, 
and one of the Colledge. By her he had a Child or two bom while 
he was in my Lord*s Family, and great Respect was showed him by 
the whole Family. 

He continued there till my Lord Fairfax dy*d, preach'd his 
Funeral Sermon, which is in Manuscript in many Hands ; as is also 
a Sermon preach'd while he was there on Occasion of the Marriage 
of a Relation of my Lord's. 

My Lord' was so wonderfully pleas'd with his great Piety and 
Prudence, and excellent Behaviour in his Family, that at his Marriage 
he settled a very considerable Annuity upon him for his and his 



^ Nalton (i6oo?-i662) was commonly called *'the Weeping Prophet." M.A. 
Trinity College, Cambridge, 1623 ; incumbent of St. Leonard's, Foster Lane, 
London, 1644-62; concerned in Love's plot, 165 1. {Dictionary of NcUional 
Biography,) See Calamy's Nonconformist Memorial ^ vol. i, p. 142. 

2 For an account of Dr. Richard Morton ( 1637-1698) see Calamy's Nonconformist 
Memorialy 2nd ed., vol. iii, p. 235, and the Dictionary of National Biography, 

3 Lord Fairfax died of a fever after a short illness at Nun Appleton, on 
November 12, 1671, and was buried at Bilbrough Church. His will and codicil 
are printed in his Life by Sir Clements R. Markham, p. 440. The codicil contains 
the following: — "Item I give to Mr. Richard Stretton, my Doraestickc Chaplain, 
all my Tythes of Bilbrough and Sandwath, in the County of the Cittie of Yorke, 
for and duringe the terme of threescore yeares, if hee, the said Richard Stretton, 
doe soe longe live, Provided hee doe supply the office of a preachinge Minister 
there or procure one to doe itt, and afterwards the remainder in fee of the said 
Tythes I give to Henry Fairfax, of Oglethorpe aforesaid, and his heirs and assignes 
for ever, to the use and behoofe of a preachinge minister there, to be nominated 
by the said Henry Fairfax and his heires. Item I give to Mr. Richard Stretton 
aforesaid one sett of the great polyglott Bibles. Item I give to Thomas Stretton, 
Sonne of the said Richard Stretton, the sume of Tenn pounds." Lord Fairfax also 
gave ;^ioo for twenty poor ministers, to be nominated by Stretton and three other 
ministers. An extract from the funeral sermon is preserved at Leeds Castle. (Ikid., 
p. 399, note.) 



LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 325 

Wife's Life; which was a great Support to him all his Days. Thus 
God rais'd up Friends for those that in the Way of their Duty cast 
themselves upon his Providence. 

The Respect which was put upon him while he was in my Lord 
Fairfax's Family gave him an Opportunity of being acquainted with 
most of the considerable Families in those Parts. Judge Rokeby,^ 
who was made one of the Blessings and Ornaments of the Bench 
at the Revolution, was his intimate Friend. 

Many eminent Divines of the Church of England he had likewise 
an Intimacy with ; particularly Dr. Tillotson,^ afterwards Archbishop 
of Canterbury, who was bom in Yorkshire. Mr. Stretton, while he 
was Chaplain to my Lord Fairfax, being calFd upon some Business 
to London, Dr. Tillotson would have no Nay but he must preach 
for him at St Lawrence's Church as a Country Minister; but it 
coming out some how or other that he was a Nonconformist, the 
Doctor had a private Reprimand for it from the Bishop of London. 
It appears by divers Letters to him, found among his papers, that 
he had many Invitations of that Kind in the Country; and a very 
friendly Correspondence he kept up with many Conforming Divines, 
who reposed a great confidence in him, and testified large Respects 
towards him. 

Upon the Death of the Lord Fairfax he removed to Leeds, and 
settled there with a Congregation of Dissenters, to whom his Ministry 
was highly acceptable; and there he continued Six or Seven Years.' 

* Sir Thomas Rokeby ( 163 1 -1699), second son of Thomas Rokeby, of Bumby, 
in the East Riding, a Cromwellian officer. His diary has been printed by the 
Surtees Society, vol. xxxviL (See Dictionary of National Biography,) 

* John Tillotson (1630-1694), Archbishop of Canterbury 1691, was born at Old 
Hau^h End, Sowerby, parish of Halifax; B.A., Clare Hall, Cambridge, 1650. (See 
Dictionary of National Biography,) 

* In May, 1672, a licence was granted to Richard Stretton to hold meetings of 
Presbyterians at the house of Mrs. Frances Richardson at Cawood, and on the 31st 
May a receipt for it was given by Timothy Cloudsley. {Cal. State Papers^ Dom,) 
In the Leeds Register for June, 1674, are the following notes:— "The first time — 
V« IS*** day M' Sireeton, Ness and Armitage, with their Schismatical Assemblies, 
was convicted by y« oathes of Lawson and Halliwel, Apparatours. The second time 
July y« iq"*.'* 1674-5, Feb.— "The S*** day came y« Order for suppressing y« Popish 
and Schismatical Assemblies, dated from y° Councel Table. February y« 3** (*74)''* 
(Thoresby Society, vol. x, p. 150.) On the 9th February, 1675, Oliver Hey wood 
preached in private at Mr. Stretton*s house, the licences to preach being withdrawn. 
{Diary ^ i, p. 336, ed. Turner.) On the 5lh August, 1677, Hey wood preached for 
him at the new meeting place, and on the following day he wrote a letter for some 
of the congregation, asking Mr. Stretton to return from LfOndon and continue with 
them. {Diary, '\, 341; u, 39.) 



326 LIFE OF THE RP:V. RICHARD STRETTON. 

While he was there he buried Three Sons in a little Time; Two 
of them of the Small-Pox, in a few Days one of another.^ It was an 
Affliction that went very near him, and so strong was his Natural 
Affection that it was Exercise for all the Wisdom and Grace he had 
to bear up under it. There is found among his Papers a Letter of 
Condolence and Consolation written to him upon that Occasion by 
the Earl of Clare, Father to the Late Duke of Newcastle, who was 
then Abroad in his Travels, dated at Paris, June 16, 1677. There 
appears in it much of serious Piety, and a particular Friendship that 
Noble Lord had for Mr. Stretton. 

In the Year 1677 he removed to London, and several Dissenters 
that were at that Time either depriv'd of their Ministers or otherwise 
unsettled sat down under his Ministry, and he continued with them 
to his death. 

In 1679 h^ published a Paper call'd The Protestant Conformist ; 
or, A Plea for Moderation, contained in a Letter from one Con- 
forming Minister to another, and his Answer to it. It had no name 
to it, but it met with great Acceptance. It was occasioned by a 
Letter from his dear friend, Mr. John Thoresby, of Leeds, which was 
likewise printed with it ; so I am informed, as likewise of many other 
things concerning Mr. Stretton, by his- Son, Mr. Ralph Thoresby,^ now 
of Leeds, that Learned Antiquary, and Fellow of the Royal Society ; 
who has already oblig'd the World with the Additions to Cambden's 
Britannia for York-shire, and from whom is expected the Antiquities 
of Leeds, who was a true Lover of Mr. Stretton, and was much 
respected by him. 

At the Time when the Persecution was hot against Dissenters, in 
1683, he was the first of Ten Ministers that were taken up as living 
in a Corporation, and had the Oxford Oath tendered them ; That it 
is unlawful upon any Pretence whatsoever to take up Arms against 
the King; which was first contradicted and broken through, and 
then repeal'd at the Revolution. He had not been at his own 



1 The following entries are from the Leeds Registers : — 

1674. June 13. M' John Streeton, of y« citly of London, dieil at M*" Strecton's 

house, of Austrup hall, bur. at S* John's. 

1675. Sept. 27. Thomas, son of M' Richard Streeton, of Brigait, bur. at S' John's. 

1675. Oct. 16. Veere, son of M"^ Richard Streeton, of Brigait, bur. at S* JohnV 

1676. April 6. John, son of M'^ Richard Streeton, of Brigait (Burial). 
Stretton mentions his children Dick and Ben in a letter to Thoresby, dated 

18 July, 1682. (Thoresby Con cspondence, i, p. 19.) Ben died prior to a letter dated 
March 8, 1683-4, and Richard became a minister. (See Thoresby's Ducatus^ p. 32.) 

2 Mr. D. H. Atkinson has well described Thoresby's matrimonial adventures, in 
which Mr. Stretton took a prominent part, in chapter v of his work on Ralph 
Thoresby. Mr. Stretton introduced and recommended Thoresby to various families 
as a suitor, but with ill success. 



LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 327 

House of Ten Weeks, but the very next Morning after his Return to 
it (so very vigilant were their Spies and Informers), by Five of the 
Clock in the Morning he was seized by the then City Marshal, who 
secur'd his Papers, and would not suffer him to seal up what he 
made Choice of out of them ; and immediately carried him and 
them before the King and Council: Some present would have his 
Papers look'd over, to see if they could find any Treason in them, 
but the King did not encourage it, saying, He believed there was no 
Treason there. As at another Time when a sorry Fellow, one Fox, 
offered to swear that Mr. Stretton, with my Lord Clare, was in the 
Plot then charged upon the Dissenters, the King laugh'd at the 
Information as altogether improbable, and inconsistent with itself. 

But though he was dismissed from the Council Board, he was 
proceeded against upon the Five Miles Act.* That Night the Marshal 
took his Word for his Appearance next Morning, when according to 
his Promise he surrendered himself, and was brought before the Lord 
Mayor, who carried it with great Respect and Civility to him, impor- 
tunately desiring him once and again to withdraw for a little Time, 
and consider whether he could not take the enjoyn'd Oaths, which 
he hoped he might, and so escape the Penalty of the Law. Mr. 
Stretton told his Lordship that he would not give the Court the 
Trouble of waiting for his Answer, for he could not expect to get 
Satisfaction in that Case, in so short a Time as a Regard to that 
Court would only suffer him to take ; when he had been many Years 
seeking after it, and could not obtain it. However, my Lord Mayor 
persisted in his Advice, and in Compliance with his Lordship's kind 
Desire, he withdrew for some Time; but when he returned told his 
Lordship he could not do it; which his Lordship said he was sorry 
for, for then there was no Remedy, but he must follow the Direction 
of the Law, and so sent him to Newgate,* where he continued a 
Prisoner Six full Months ; in which time he had a Son died, who in 
his Sickness earnestly desired to see his Father, as the Father no 
doubt did to see the Child, but all the Interest he could make would 
not procure him that Liberty. During his stay in Newgate Mr. 
Smith, the Ordinary, show*d him great respect, and call'd him up 
more than once into the Chapel to assist him in preparing the 
Condemned Criminals for their Death. 

* Stretton describes his troubles in a letter printed in the Thoresby Correspon- 
demcy i, p. 22. See Atkinson's Ralph Thoresky^ vol. i, p. 203 et Sft/.^ for a good 
account of the events then taking place. 

* On 29 September, 1683, he wrote from Newgate to Oliver Heywood (Diary ^ 
iv, 99), and on the ist September to Thoresby. 



328 LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 

After the Expiration of his Six Months Imprisonment he con- 
tinued still in the City, and preach'd privately in one Place or 
another among those of his Congregation ; and never missed any 
Lord's Day, unless now and then it liappen'd that he met with 
Disappointment in the Place he was to preach at. And he repeated 
in his Family largely at Night, which he sometimes admitted Two or 
Three of his Friends to the Benefit of. 

When King James granted Liberty by Proclamation to Protestant 
Dissenters, he made Use of it; but he never did or would joyn in 
any Address of Thanks for it, lest he should seem to give 
Countenance to the King assuming a Power above the Law, and was 
instrumental to prevent several Addresses. 

After the glorious Revolution,* when the Dissenters enjoy*d their 
Liberties and Opportunities again, he applied himself with fresh 
Vigor to his Work, and with an abundant Satisfaction in the Clear- 
ness of his Call to it, as appears by a single Sheet which he then 
published in the Year 1689, which he called, "The Case of the 
Protestant Dissenters Represented and Argued"; Which he told a 
near Relation of his not long before he died that he was the Author 
of. The whole Paper is of such Weight that Dr. Calamy thought fit 
to insert it at large in his Abridgment of Mr. Baxter's Life, page 6.^8 
to page 648. 

And as he was industrious to justify the Dissenters in their 
Practise, so he was to promote every Thing that was good among 
them. It is observed before in the Sermon that he took Care to 
direct the Removes of the Morning Lecture, so as might best answer 
the Intention of it : A very useful Exercise, which has been kept up 
for the most part near Seventy Years, and is now wherever it comes, 
for ought I see, well attended. 

He was likewise active in accommodating some unhappy Differ- 
ences of Opinion that were among them,'* so as to prevent the 
mischievous Consequences of them. The prudent and pious 
Endeavours which he and others used for that good End, then had, 
and Thanks be to God, still have, a happy Effect. 

He laid himself out very much to promote Works of Charity ; it 
was his Meat and Drink in that Way to be doing Good. He spared 
no pains in going about in the City, and writing Letters into the 

^ According to a letter from Oliver Heywood to Thoresby, dated 26 November, 
1694, the shoemakers had taken their hall from Siretton, which was his meeting 
place, so he was destitute. {Thoresby Letters^ i, p. 180.) Stretton writes, 
I December, 1694, that " we are now treating with the Haberdashers to succeed 
Mr. Howe in his place when he leaves it at Lady day." {Ibid.^ p. 182.) 

3 See Letter to Thoresby, dated 23 February, 1694-5. {Ibid.^ i, p. 195.) 



LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 329 

Country, to promote Good Works. He was a principal Man in 
setting up and keeping up a Fund for the Help of poor Ministers 
and Congregations in the Country, who had not many like minded 
(though blessed be God some there are) that naturally cared for 
their State. He made it his Business to find out the Hands that 
were able to give and fit to receive, and to bring them together. 
Those that were intrusted with the Distribution of Charities applied 
themselves very much to him to recommend to them proper Objects 
of Charity, which he did with great Prudence and Fidelity ; and then 
no Wonder if those that needed Help applied themselves to him 
likewise.* 

He was active to help useful Books into the World, and to 
encourage the publishing of them, as Dr. Manton's Works,^ to the 
Fifth Volume of which he prefixed a Preface, and a very ingenious, 
handsom one it is. And also took a deal of Pains to furnish 
Libraries in Scotland, and in the private Academies in England, with 
old Books; and to supply young Students that were poor with such 
Books as were proper for them : a great deal of mony he laid out 
himself, out of the little he had, and a great deal more he procured 
from others for this good Purpose. He knew what Books were 
useful, and how to buy them at the best Hand,' and by his Activity 
herein many valuable Pieces, that otherwise would still have lain 
buried in Dust and Cobwebs, have been sent into Hands that are 
daily making good use of them. 

His pious Zeal herein extended itself beyond the Seas, as appears 
by the Abstract of a Letter which is found among his Papers, from 
that great and good Man, Monsieur Frank, Professor at Hall in 
Saxony, wherein he acknowledges to have received the Polyglot Bible 
from Mr. Stretton, as a Present to their Library there, and returns 
his most hearty thanks to so good a Benefactor. 

He was very forward to encourage Youths that he saw or heard 
to be ingenious and well disposed, and to assist them in their 
Education for the Ministry ; He kept up a Correspondence for. this 



* Stretton was the administrator of Lady Mary Armine's Charity, consisting of 
a rent -charge of £40 for 99 years, for the relief of poor Nonconformist ministers 
in the counties of Derby, Huntingdon, and York, and the money for Yorkshire 
parsed through the hands of his friend, Ralph Thoresby. (Miall's Con^rega- 
tionalism in Yorkshire, p. 97 ; HeyivoocTs Diary ^ iii, p. 275 ; Hunter's Life of Oliver 
Heywood, p. 392. ) 

^Scc letter to Thoresby of 26 April, 1683. [Thoresby Utters, i, 27.) 
» See Thoresby Letters, i, pp. 18, 47, 49, 56, 61, 73, 74, 79. 359, in which he 
proposes an exchange of books with Thoresby, which few people would now con- 
sider advantageous to the latter. 



33© LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 

Purpose with the Universities of Scotland, and was instrumental in 
sending many thither, and procuring Assistance there for some that 
needed it 

He buried his dear Wife^ in the Year 1695, and by her he left 
only one Son living, who has been many Years useful in the Ministry. 

About the Year 1707 the Infirmities of Age grew upon him, 
occasioned by an ill Fall he had as he was returning to his House, 
after preaching on a publick Fast-Day, in which Exercise he had 
exceeded his Strength ; yet he continued doing Good to the last, and 
the Spirit was as willing as ever, even when the Flesh was weak, 
and not weak only, but much pained.* When he could scarce set 
one Foot before another, yet he would attend the lecture at Salters 
Hall and the Meeting for Charitable Contributions very sedulously, 
though at a great Distance from his House : And but a little before 
he dy*d, when he was so weak and ill that he could scarce mind 
any Thing else, yet he stir*d up himself to give Advice and Direction 
in an Affair of Charity, wherein his Assistance had been much 
depended upon. 

He kept up •his publick Work, though he struggled with much 
Difficulty in it, till within Ten Weeks of his Death ; and often took 
Notice of it with Thankfulness to God, that though for some time 
before he was confin'd to his House all the Week, yet till May 4, 
1 7 1 2, he had Strength on the Lord's Day to go to his Meeting-Place 
and preach once, and administer the Lord's Supper every Month. 

In his last Illness he express'd a chearful Resignation of himself 
to the Will of God, an 'entire Dependance upon the Grace of Christ, 
and a believing, comfortable Expectation of the Glory to be revealed. 

Some of his Sayings in his Weakness have been mentioned in the 
foregoing Sermon, and need not to be repeated. 

He finished his Course, and fell asleep in the Lord, on Thursday, 
July 3, 1 7 12, and was buried the Monday following, in the Burying- 
Place in Bun-hill Fields.' There the Weary are at Rest. 



FINIS. 



* On the death of his wife Stretton wrote a pathetic letter to Thoresby, dated 
4 May, 1698. {Thoresby Letters^ i, p. 202.) 

^ On 31 July, 1707, he wrote to Thoresby : — ** I crawl about with great difficulty 
and uneasiness, and yet when carried to my work I am enabled to go through it." 

8 Bunhill Fields Burying Ground, near Finsbury Square, was ** the Canipo Santo" 
of the Dissenters. Here were buried John Bunyan, George Fox, Dr. Daniel 
Williams, Daniel De Foe, Susannah Wesley, Dr. Isaac Watts. (Cunningham's 
Ijifidon,) Goodman Fields, where Stretton resided, are to the south of White- 
chapel, in Aldgaie. 



LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 33 1 



EXTRACTS FROM THE SERMON.^ 

He was very active, as I am informed, in furnishing poor Ministers 
and Candidates for the Ministry with useful Books : A great deal of 
Money and Time and Pains he bestowed this Way; and herein his 
earnest Care reached as far as the North of Scotland, large Sums 
being procured by him for the erecting of Libraries there ; and an 
excellent Method it was, both for the diffusing of Knowledge to 
distant Places and the preserving of it to future Ages. In his 
Labours for carrying on that and other pious Designs, he was 
indefatigable to the last, and his Diligence kept Pace with his earnest 
Care. He had had an Acquaintance with divers parts of the King- 
dom; was born in Leicestershire; the First Fruits of his Ministry 
were at Petworth, in Sussex; from that place he was thrown out 
(from a Curacy there) at the Restoration. But upon that Providence 
cast his Lot in Yorkshire, where he continued about Seventeen Years, 
and then moved to this City. And what a Blessing he was to that 
County by his extensive Beneficence and Care for . them, after his 
Removal hither ; I am told that there are many that will witness that 
never saw his Face. 

He had an Acquaintance with many considerable Families both 
in City and Country, and an Interest in them, which he improved, 
not for himself, but for the Public Good. All that knew him valued 
him for his try'd Integrity, and that great Plainness and Sincerity 
which was remarkable in him. He used to say that he kept up his 
Acquaintance with Persons of Estate and Figure as long as he could 
improve it for the doing of Good, and when it could no longer be 
made to serve that Purpose, he let it drop ; for, said he, Pll never 
adore a gilded Post. 

When a Friend of his that visited him in his Sickness mentioned 
to him his great Usefulness, and what Comfort he might now have 
in Reflection upon it, he humbly replied, AlaSy I have done but little 
Service for God in my Generation ; 1 wish I had done more: But 
(saith he) God is good and gracious. 

* Thoresby notes in his Diary (ii, p. 137, ed. Hunter) : — ** Die Dom. Morning 
wrote in Diary; then inquired after M' Stretlon's meeting-place, which I found 
hung round wiih black; Mr. Cotton preached very well from Prov. xiij, 31, Doc. 
that old age in the way and service of God is very honourable. Afternoon, 
Mr. Henry preached excellently upon the much lamented death of Mr. Stretton, 
firom 2 Cor. viii, 16." Thoresby tnen gives an epitome of the sermon. 



332 LIFE OF THE REV. RICHARD STRETTON. 

It was a Petition which (as I am told) Mr. Stretton frequently 
put up to God in his Prayers with his Family, Lord^ grant that we 
may be useful while we are here^ and that we may not be wanted when 
we are gone, 

I'hose that are employed to minister in Holy Things have their 
Hands full of Work, and therefore need to have their Heads and 
Hearts full of Care. Let those who are engaged in this Work make 
a Business of it, or they make nothing of it. Mr. Perkins* took it 
for his Motto, Minister Verbi os. Hoc Age. We must take Heed to 
the Ministry we have received that we fulfil it; must be in Care to 
pray well, and preach well, and live well, in Care to find out profitable 
Matter and acceptable Words, &c."* 

^William Perkins ( 1 558-1602), theological writer; M.A., Christ's College, 
Cambridge, 1584; distinguished for his strong Calvinism; author of Armilla Anna. 
(See Dictionary of National Biography.) 

^ For an account of the ministers at Mill Hill Chapel, see lectures on the 
Memory of the fust^ by the Rev. Charles Wicksteed. (London : Chapman, 1847 ; 
and second ed., much enlarged, 1849.) 

G. D. L. 



In H.M. public RECORD OFFICE. 



LAY SUBSIDIES, CO. York. West Riding? 



207 
86 



OTapetttakts of ^ggbtigg anb JHotleg, 



Anno 1848. 
{Continued from Vol. XT,/. 129.] 



Warley. 






Johes Wat^ous 


in bon 


XXJ 


- ]d 


Ux' Wittmj Mawd 


in bon 


viij/j 


— x\\d 


[acob9 Mawd 


n terr' 


XXJ 


- lid 


*E:dmond9 oldfeld 


n bon 


XXJ 


- jrf 


acob9 mawd 


in boil 


y'mli 


= "-J" 


Jx' Rici mawde 


in bon 


.. y/i 


Edward9 Spek 


in boil 


\\\li 


— ii'^d 


Ricus longbothom 


n bon 


iiij/j 


— iiij^ 


Edward9 longbothom 


in bon 


iiij/i 


— iiij</ 


Ricus holgat 


n bon 


vj/i 


— \i\d 


Wittms dean 


in bon 


.. xb 


- lid 


Edward9 brokysbank 


in bon 


.. x\s 


- \)d 


Mohes Slaiden 

ncnr renforth 


in boR 


iij/i 


— liirf 


in terr' 


iij/i 


- v/rf 


xp^r9 Wood 


In boil 


XXJ 


- )'^ 


ux' henr Whelecars 


in terr' 


XXJ 


- (yi 


ux* Wittmj Patchett 


in terr' 


XXJ 


- ijrf 


Wittms burton 


in bofi 


.. yiij/i 


— xvi(/ 


Giltit9 Slaiden 


in boii 


iij/* 


— iijrf 


Thorns oldfeld 


in boft 


.. iij/i 


— iiW 


Gilbt9 deaii 


in terr* 


XXJ 


- ij^ 


Ricus Saltonstall 


in boil 


viij/t 


— xvjd 


Johes Wat^hous 


in terr' 


XXJ 


- ijrf 


[ohcs Walker 

; acobus Walker 


in bon 


.. \xli 


— xviiii/ 


n terr' 


XXJ 


- iirf 


Alan9 pennyngton 


in boil 


xlj 


- ijrf 


[aco])9 denton 

jacob9 haldisworth 


n boil 


.. xIj 


- ijrf 


in terr* 


.. xIj 


— nud 


egidius Wilkynson 

Thoras oldfeld 


n terr* 


XXJ 


- iji 


in boil 


viij/i 


— t)d 


fenkyn Mawde 

E^icus Stanclyff 


in terr' 


XXJ 


n boil 


.. xIj 


Jacob9 Whetecars 


in terr' 


XXJ 


- \\d 



(1) The preceding entries were also printed anti^ p. 129, 



334 



YORKSHIRE LAV SUBSIDIES. 



Warley (continue J). 



ux* Rici haldisworth 
Johes haldisworth... 
edmond9 mawd ... 
edward Sahonstall 
Johes Mawde 
Wiitms Poterton ... 
Wittms Smyth 
giltt9 mawde 
barnard9 Smyth ... 
Alicia Wydhope ... 
Gilht9 nicolson 
ux' edwardi murgatrod 
Wiitms murgatrod 
Johes dean 
Johes b3rns 
RotH9 myln^ 
xpor9 oldfeld 
xpor9 hailey 
Johes Wilson 
Johes Crowd^ 
edward9 Crowd^ ... 



Johes hemyngwey 
Rohi9 Clought ... 
John barstoy 
edward grymsthey 
ux* Johis Cravyn ... 
Ricus myln^ 
xp(5r9 moore 
Thoins benthm 
George boithes 
Brian9 manser 
edward9 stanclyff 
xpor Rayley 
Thoins billyngton 
ux' Rici Whitley ... 
Johes Vecars 
Ricus Swyft 
xp0i9 Shay 

{acob9 Shay 
ohn haldisworth ... 
Wiitms barstoy ... 
ux* Ria Grenwood 
herett Wiitmj Walker 
Ricus northend 
Roht9 barstoy 
Ricus barstoy 
edward9 longbothoiii 
brian9 longbothom 
Jacob9 hoill 
Jacob9 stanclyff ... 
Jacob9 gilison 
edward boithes 
ux* Wiitmj Sonnd^land 
Roht9 hall 
Gilhi9 SonnderlanI 
Wiitms Sonnderland 
Johes northend 
Wittms northend 



n terr 
n terr' 
n bon 
n bon 
n terr' 
n lx>n 
n boh 
n bon 
in boh 
n terr* 
!n bon 
n terr* 
n terr' 
n terr* 
n boh 
n terr* 
n boh 
n terr* 
n boh 
in boh 
In bon 



NORTHOUROM. 
in boh 
n boh 
n boh 
in boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
;n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n bon 
in terr' 
n (err* 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n terr' 
terr* 
in terr* 
n terr' 
n terr' 
n boh 
n' boh 
n boh 
in boh 
n terr' 
n boh 
n terr' 
n boh 
n boh 
n boh 
n l)oh 
n boh 



XXJ 


— 


¥ 


xlj 


— 


iiij^ 


iij// 


— 


\\]d 


viij/x 


— 


XY')d 


iiij/f 


— 


\n)d 


iiij// 


— 


if 


XXJ 


— 


xU 


— 


i]d 


xU 


— 


ijrf 


XXJ 


— 


ijrf 


XXJ 


— 


yd 


XXJ 


— 


M. 


iiij// 


— 


xxi]d 


V/l 


— 


xxd 


\\\li 


— 


xiiijrf 


xb 


— 


iiiji/ 


\\]li 


— 


uj^ 


xxs 


— 


lyd 


xxs 


— 


\d 


\]U 


— 


xij</ 


viij/* 


— 


xvj</ 


Sm--* — 


XXVJ 


viij</ 


viij// 





X\'j^ 


xh 


— 


xd 


\\)li 


— 


iij^ 


xxs 


— 


)d 


xxs 


— 


a 


xxs 


— 


Id 


xLf 


— 


ijrf 


XXJ 


— 


jd 


vij/« 


— 


xiiiK 


XXJ 


— 


)d 


XXJ 


— 


id 


xlj 


— 


ijrf 


iij// 


— 


i\)d 


XXJ 


— 


ijrf 


XXJ 


— 


i}d 


xlj 


— 


¥ 


xlJ 


— 


ijrf 


xIj 


— 


ijd 


x\s 


— 


¥ 


xlj 


— 


¥ 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


Yii 


— 


xxrf 


xlj 


— 


iuyi 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


XXJ 


— 


¥ 


xlj 


— 


¥ 


xLr 


— 


¥ 


XXJ 


— 


id 


vli 


— 


xd 


xxs 


— 


¥ 


\\}ii 


— 


•y^ 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


iij// 


— 


iijrf 


xIj 


— 


¥ 


xlj 


— 


¥ 


vli 


— 


xrf 


xlj 


— 


¥ 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



335 



NORTHOUROM 



edward9 northend 

edward9 mawd 

Ricus hemyngwey 

Ricus bentley 

M.13. 

Tacob9 Sharpe 

Johes haldisworth of blakhill 

edward9 gibson 

Johes longbothom 
Ricas haldisworth 
Johes haldisworth 
Roland9 bothomley 

Johes Col5er 

Ricus Sonnd^land 

Johes boithes 

Jacob9 Ottf 

Johes mechill 

Johes townnend 

Roht9 boy 

Thorns stanclyff 

Johes hemyngwey 

brian9 stanclyflf 

Ricus grymsthey 

edmond9 Crowd^ 

Gilht9 Drak 

brian9 ottf 



(continued). 

boil 
lx)n 
bon 
l)on 

terr' 
boil 
bon 
bon 
terr* 
boil 
boii 
bon 
boil 
boil 
terr* 
terr* 
terr* 
terr* 
boii 
bon 
bon 
boii 
bori 
bon 
terr* 



Roht9 utley 
Roht9 Thonis 
Jacob9 grenwood ... 
Roht9 brege 
Johes lawe 
Johes ynghm 
Ricus shend 
Johes Craotre 
Stephus Crosle 
laur Smyth 
ux* Johis Sutclyff ... 
Thoins grenwood ... 
Johes Crosle 
Johes Sutclyff 
Thorns Croft 



ux* Thome nailer 

Wittms Waddisworth 

Wittras migley 

Ricus Cokcroft 

hugo moore 

Thonis Sutclvtf de herode 

hen? Cokcroft 

edmond9 Aikrod 

ux* Thooie Drape 

ux* henr Cokcroft 

ux* Johis Cokcroft 

ux' Rici Walker 

ux* Ria stansfeld 

ax' Thome horsfall 



Langfeld. 
in boii 
in bon 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in Ixiii 
in terr* 
in bon 
in boii 
in boii 
in bon 
in boii 
in bon 
in bon 
in bon 
in bon 

Waddisworth. 
in bon 
in terr* 
in boii 
in bon 
in bon 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr' 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in terr' 



XXJ 

iiij// 
vij// 

XXJ 

vij// 

xIj 

\\s 

\\s 

xlj 

Xl5 
XXJ 

v/j 

XXJ 

iiij/t 
xxs 
x\s 
iij/i 
\\li 
\\s 
xxs 
iiij// 
\\)li 
vii 
xxs 
Sm» ■ 



liyi 
iij// 

XXJ 

x\s 
iij/i 

XXJ 

xlx 
xlj 

XXJ 

xxs 
xxs 
x\s 
x\s 
xxs 
xxs 
Sm» 



vij/i 

iiii/( 

vip/« 

ii^i 

viij/i 

xb 

iiij/i 

XXJ 
XXI 

xU 
xxs 
xxs 

xxs 
iiij/i 



- ijrf 

— iiijof 

— xiiijf/ 

- 'if?.. . 

— xiu)a 

— i)d 

— liij^ 

- ijrf 

— iyi 

= r. 

— i'i 

— viij</ 

- M, 

— llljtf 

- 'K 

— xv\i]d 

- yi 

- K 

— nijd 

— iijd 

— xd 

— i]d 
xx)S uijd 

— u)d 

— iijd 

- ¥.. 

— uijd 

— ii]d 

- !H 

- ¥. 

- i)d 

— id 

- ¥. 

- ijrf 

— yd 

— ¥ 
- i]S v]d 

— xiiij// 

— viiji/ 

— xmyd 

— iijtf 

— xv\d 

— iiii^ 

— viijr/ 

- ¥. 

- ¥.. 

— \\\]d 

— Vyd 

— viija^ 



35^ 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Waddisworth (continued). 



de hirst 



Wittms ynghm 
Thoins sutclyff dc hirst 
hen? Aikrod 
Johes hepworth 
ux' Rofcu Sutclyflf 
henr Sutclyflf 
Wiitms grenwood 
Wittms Crabtre 
Ricus brige 
Wittms brige 
Ricus hargraves 
henric9 Sutclyflf 
Wittms Walker 
Ricus mechill 
Johes hepe 
Ricus stansfeld 
edward9 sutclyflf 
ux* Ria Sutclyflf 
Jacob9 Shakilton 
Johes Shakilton 
Johes Grenwood 
ux' Johis Shakilton 
m^garet hargraves 
Ricus helewell 
Thome Shakilton... 
ux* xpori Shakilton 
Wittms hanson 
xpor9 Shakilton ... 
Wittms thomas 
Johes ynghm 
Johes Pighils 
Thoras Sutclyflf de hirst 



henric9 Kent 
Jacob9 haldisworth 
Johes Roidf 
Nicolaus Appul3erd 
Wittms thorpe 
Johes thorpe de Sled 
Rott9 fleccher 
Ricus brighous 
Hen? fleccher 
Johes Wilton Juli 
Johes bemond 
Johes Swyft 
Johes Smyth 
edward hoill 
M. 13 d. 

Ricus Clyflf 
Rot5t9 Smyth 
Johes Walker 
Ricus Scoflfeld 
Carolus brook 
Wittms baker 
Nicolaus brodle ... 
Edward9 mawd ... 
edward9 thorpe ... 
edmond9 fair bank.. 
Ricus Saltonstall ... 



in boii 
in bofi 
in terr* 
in bon 
n boh 
in bon 
in lerr* 
in terr* 
n terr* 
in lerr* 
in boh 
in bon 
in terr* 
in terr* 
in boh 
in boh 
in bon 
in boh 
in bon 
in lx>n 
In boh 
boh 
in boh 
in boh 
boh 
in boh 
boh 
in boh 
in boh 
boh 
boh 
boh 



Hipp^OM & Brighous. 


in boh 




in boh 




in boh 




in boh 




in boh 




in boh 




in boh 




in terr* 




in boh 




in terr* 




in boh 




in boh 





in boh 




in boh 




in boh 





in boh 




in boh 




in terr* 




in boh 




in boh 


... ... 


in terr* 




in boh 


... 


in terr* 




in terr* 




in terr' ., 



.. v/i 





xd 


iuj/i 


— 


uij</ 


XX.f 


— 


ijrf 


iuj// 


— 


iiijrf 


... iij/i 


— 


iijrf 


iii/f 
xb 


— 


iijd 


— 


ijijd 


... xb 


— 


iiij// 


... iiij/i 


— 


vuj^ 


XXJ 


— 


iid 


viij/« 


— 


xvjd 


vij// 


— 


xiiij^ 


iij/t 


— 


ri-i 


XXJ 


— 


'i^. 


\\\]U 


— 


iiij</ 


iij/r* 


— 


ii^d 


uij/i 


— 


iiij^ 


xU 


— 


¥ 


iiij/j 


— 


iiijd 


iiij/« 


— 


iiijd 


iiij// 


— 


iii}d 


\\]h' 


— 


ii'^d 


\\]li 


— 


xiiijd^ 


iij// 


— 


iij^ 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


... vU 


— 


xd 


.. y\s 


— 


ijd 


x\s 


— 


ijd 


x\s 


— 


K 


x\s 


— 


jf 


XX J 


— 


K 


.. xb 


~ 


iid 


Sm> — 


xixj 


viijd 


... xfi 


— 


ii}s iiij// 


viij/* 


— 


xvj^ 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


.. x\s 


— 


iid 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


iiij/i 


— 


iiiu/ 


iij// 


— 


•IK 


.. xU 


— 


vij/i 


— 


xiiij</ 


... x\s 


— 


iii]</ 
xhij^ 


.. vij/i 


— 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


\i}/i 


— 


xiuid 


viij/i 


— 


xvid 


viij/i 





xvid 


\iii/i 


— 


iiij^f 


.. x/i 


— 


vj^ iiij// 


xxs 


— 


ij^ 


xxs 


— 


^ 


.. xh 


— 


¥ 


.. xU 


— 


iiiji/ 


.. v/i 


— 


xd 


.. xb 


— 


iiijdf 


.. xb 


— 


iiij</ 


iii']/i 


— 


viiid 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



337 





HiPP^OM & Brighous (cofUinued), 




Johes scolfeld 


in terr' 


\\s 


- !K 


Johes Saltonslall .. 


in bon 


\\)li 


Wittms Whitley .. 


in bon 


\xs 


— ]d 


Gilht9 hoill 


in bon 


... xU 


— ud 


VVithns hoill 


in boh 


... x\s 


— i)d 


edwardS) dobsoii .. 


in bon 


.. yli 


— xd 


Jacobus Woodhed.. 
Johes Woodhed .. 


in bon 


iiii/« 
.. myli 


— iiija^ 


in bon 


— iujd 


Jacobus KnoUf .. 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ijd 


laur Collyng 


in terr' 


xxs 


- \jd 


Ricus barroclought 


in terr* 


xxs 


- iid 


Ricus mechill 


in bon 


... xh 


- iid 


Wiitms mechill .. 


in bon 


... xIj 


— mjrf 


Ricus Northend ... 


in terr' 


.. xh 


Wittms haldisworth 


in boh 


.. xLr 


- ijrf 


Roht9 Scolfeld .. 


in lx)n 


... x\s 


- id 


Wittms thorpe de Sled in bon 


xxs 


- lit 


Thoffis Wilsofi 


in boil 


... x\s 


Ricus brodle de Wood in bon 


... ii)/t 


xp6r9 northend 


in boh 


... xls 


- ijrf 






Sm* — 


xxxvs xd 




FVXBY. 






Johes Wood 


in boh 


.. v/i 


— xd 


ux' e<ti m^sche 


in boh 


.. v/i 


— xd 


edmond9 m^sche .. 


in boh 


xxs 


- )d 


Ricus m^sche 


in boil 


xxs 


- d 


Thorns firth 


in boh 


xxs 


- d 


Johes longley 
Thorns Jagger 


in bon 


xxs 


— }^ 


in bofl 


xxs 


- id 






Sma 


- ij^j'^ 




Barsland. 






Johes flSrth 


in terr* 


iij// 


— iijrf 


galfrid9 Remysden 
Thofiis Woodhed... 


in boh 

in terr' 


... xLr 


— xd 

— iVijd 


Thorns Waterhous 


in boh 


.. xls 


- i]d 


Thorns Woodhed .. 


in boh 


... xh 


- ijrf 


Johes Rousley 
Johes Gledhill ... 


in terr* 


xxs 


- i]d 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ijrf 


Johes ffirth 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ijrf 


edmond9 moleson 


in boh 


xh 


- ijrf 


Johes firth de Woo 


dhed in boh 


xxs 


- j</ 


Johes bothomley .. 


in boh 


xxs 


- jrf 


Ricus den ton 


in boh 


xxs 


- }d 


Thorns hawn 


in terr' 


xxs 


- id 


Gilht9 heleweU .. 


in boh 


xxs 


- {d 


edmond9 firth 


in boh 


xxs 


- ]d 


Gilht9 ffox 


in boh 


xxs 


- '}d 


Johes bothomley .. 
Johes norihclyflf .. 


in terr' 


xh 


— liijrf 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ijrf 


edward9 gledhill .. 
Roland9 firth 


in boh 


xxs 


- ¥ 


in boh 


xxs 


- ¥ 


Johes ffoxe 


in boh 


xxs 


- yi 






Snv^ 


— iijj xd 




RVSCHWORTH NORTHLA 


ND. 




Wittms Clay 


in terr' 


iiij/j 


— vWyd 


Johes Rayner 


in terr' " 


.. xh 


— \\\]d 


Johes haight 


in terr' 


.. xh 


— '\\\\d 


Gilht9 haldisworth 


in terr' 


\\s 


- \id 


Roht9 ffirth 


in boh 


., v/i 


- xd 



w 



338 



YORKSHIRE LAV SUBSIDIES. 



ediiiond9 Woodhed 
olyuer9 Crowd^ ... 
Thorns steid 
Ricus Crod^ 
Georgius Crosle ... 
Thoras bothomley... 
Arthurs Whitley ... 
Johes Whitlee 
George Whitlee ... 
Gimi5 Whelwright 



Thorns Crostwhait 
ux*Johis Wood ... 
edmond9 Oatley .. 
Nicolaus Tal3or .. 
Ricus brook 
Jacobus hurst 
ux* RotSti thewles .. 
Roger9 brook 
Jacob9 North 
hen? Apyngden 
Wiltms longley 
Jacob9 dyson 
Wittms langfeld .. 
Wittms Appul3erd 
Roger9 theules 
Johes Dyson 
Jacob9 brook 
henr longley 
petr9 lee 
Johes brook 
M. 14. 

Johes hirst 
Roger9 hirst 
ux* Johis Wharii .. 
Thorns longley 
Johes north 
Ricus longley 
Rychard Wood 
Elizabeth Wood .. 



ux* Thome Saivill... 
Ro^t9 leu^seige ... 
Wittms leu^seige ... 
Ricus hanson 
Ricus Child 
Rot5t9 Wood 
Rohl9 Cossyn 
Georg pollerd 
Elizabeth Shepley 
Roht9 Scolffelde ... 
Thoras drak 
Edward9 hill 
Ricus brook 
Tacob9 fomes 
Wittms nettiltoii ... 



Northland 


(con/inued). 






in bon 


... x\s 


— 




in bon 


... xlj 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 




in terr* 


XXJ 


— 


in bon 


iii/i 


— 


md 


in bon 


... xlj 


— 


\]d 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


id 


in bon 


XXJ 


— 


U 


in bon 


\xs 


— 


jrf 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


■}d 




Sm» — 


iijr 


vjrf 


Dalton. 








in bon 


ixii 


— 


xviijrf 


in bon 


iiij// 


— 


mid 


in bon 


... v/i 


— 


xd 


in bon 


vij// 


— 


yaiiid 


in bon 


... y/i 





xrf 


in bon 


... y/i 





xJ 


in bon 


iiii// 





iu)d 


in bon 


... x\s 


— 


ijd 


in bon 


... xlj 





ijd 


in bon 


... xlJ 


— 


ijd 


in bon 


... xLf 


— 


ijrf 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


d 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


d 


in bon 


xxs 





d 


in bon 


x\s 


— 


\yi 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


yi 


in bon 


xxs 





d 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


irf 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


\d 


in bon 


xxs 


__ 




in bon 


xxs 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


in bon 


xxs 





in bon 


xxs 


— 


id 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


in boil 


xxs 





id 


in boil 


xxs 


— 


\d 




Sm» 


— viijj 


Clyfton. 








in bon 


viii/i 
iij/j- 


— 


xvyi 


in boii 


— 


iijV 


in bon 


... x\s 


— 


ij^r 


in bon 


viij/r 


— 


xvj</ 


in boil 


iij// 


— 


iij^ 


in bon 


iii/i 


— 


iiiW 


in bon 


... x\s 


— 


lie/ 


in bon 


viij// 


— 


xvjd 


in bon 


viij/j 


— 


xvjd 


in boii 


... xl^ 


— 


lija 


in boii 


iij/« 


— 


in bon 


xxs 


— 


id 


in boii 


xxs 


— 




in boii 


xxs 


— 


in bon 


... xU 


— 


ijd 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



339 



Clvfton {cmiinued). 






Johes Shepley 


in boil 


XXJ 


- H 


Georg leuerseige 

Rofei5 Romysden 


in boil 


XXJ 


- }^ 


in bofi 


XXJ 


- j^ 


Jacobus haight 

Elizabeth leuerseige 


in bon 


. xh 


- }^ 


in boil 


xxs 


- i^ 






Sma — 


vijj viij</ 


1 


Wharmby. 






Georg hoill 


in bon 


vij/j 


— xiiij</ 


Wittms denton 


in boil 


vij/« 


— xiiij^ 


Johes dyson 


in boil 


viij// 


— xvj^ 


Johes Clay 


in terr* 


'^})/' 


— V)d 


edmond9 dyson 


in terr* 


. iij/j 


— V)d 


edmond9 hanson 


in terr* 


u'jii 


- v^d 


Adm hirst 


.. in terr* 


xxs 


- ijd 


Adm dawson 


in bon 


v]ii 


— x\]d 


Georg hanson 


in terr' 


xxs 


- lid 


Johes Kendall 


in bon 


vij// 


— xin}d 


edmond9 Walker 


in boil 


vj// 


— xi'xd 


Thoins flfirth 


in bon 


XXJ 


- id 


Johes hopkynson 


in boB 


xxs 


- id 


Johes hirst 


in bon 


. xh 


- ijrf 


ux*Jacoby haight 

[acob9 platt 


in boil 
in boil 


vij// 
vj/« 


— xiiijrf 

— xijrf 


acob9 aynley 


in bon 


. x\s 


- ijrf 


vVithns haight 


in boil 


viij// 


— "yj^. 


UK* Georgij dyson ... 


in boR 


vij// 


Xllljrf 


Jacob9 good 


in boil 


vij// 


— xiiijrf 


edward9 Walker 


in boii 


. vj// 


— xijrf 


Tohes Crowd^ 

nenr haight 


in bon 


. xl^ 


- ijrf 


in bon 


xxs 


- id 


edmond9 haight 


in bon 


iiij// 


— iiijrf 


Ricus moore 


in boB 


. xh 


- \]d 


Thorns gledhill 

Wittms Dawson 


in boB 


xxs 


- id 


in boB 


. xh 


- ijrf 


Johes hirst 


in boB 


. xh 


- ijrf 


Georg hei 


in boB 


xxs 


- id 


Wiitms haight 


in boB 


. iij// 


— iij^ 


Thoins hanson 


in boB 


xxs 


- jrf 


ux* Wilkynsoii 


in boB 


xh 


- ijrf 


hugo Crosland 

K3t\S> marsch 


in boB 


. xh 


- i rf 


in boB 


xxs 


- id 


Tohes hei 


in boB 


xxr 


- id 


Johes m^sche 


in boB 


xls 


- ijrf 


edmond9 ffirth 


in terr* 


xxs 


- ijrf 


ohes thomton 


in boB 


. iiij// 


— liijrf 


ohes Crosland 


.. in boB 


. vj// 


— xijrf 


ohes Crosland Juii 


in boB 


xxs 


- ^^ 


' ohes hirst 


in boB 


xxs 


- rf 


ux* Wiitmj hirst 


in boB 


. xh 


- jrf 


Georg fairbank 

CarolS) bcstwyk 


in boB 


. xh 


- i rf 


in boB 


. xh 


- iV 


edmond9 malynsoii 


in boB 


xxs 


- rf 


edmond9 Armitege 


in bon 


xxs 


- id 


Wiitms gledhill 


in bon 


xxs 


- yd 


Jacob9 haight 


in boB 


. v/i 


— xrf 


edward9 hnight 


in boB 


. xh 


- ijrf 


Jacob9 Dyson 


in boB 


. xh 


- ')fi 


olyuer9 hirst 


in boB 


. xh 


- Ijrf 






Sm* 


— xx\)d 



340 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



Johes longwood 
Johes hanson 
Rotit9 firth 
Nicolaus bailey 
ux* hanson 
Thorns ffirth 
Jacobus Rawnsley 
Jacobus botherod. 
Gimt9 batley 
Thorns hanson 
Johes townnend 
Johes ffox 
ux' malynson 
Thorns hirst 
ux' botherrod 
Johes gledhill 
Roti9 Nicols 
Johes boith 
Georg Chappell 
Jacob9 Colson 
ux' firth 
Johes goodheir 
Rohi9 goodheir 
Ricus Rawnsley 
Roht9 horsfall 

horsfall 

Alynson 



M. 14 d. 

mechill 

{ohes est wood 
ohes utley 
ux' Rici nailer 
Wittms mechill 
Nicolaus mechill 
ux' Thome mechley 
Ricus mechill 
Petr9 Wood 
Thorns hargraves 
ux' Wittmj Tomsoii 
Wittms aikrod 
Johes hiechill 
Ricus horsfall 
hen? mechill 
Johes horsfall 
Ricus utley 
Johes Wilxynson 
Johes Crosle 
Wittm grenwood 
Wittms ferror 
Johes horsfall 
Rot5t9 ferror 
Roht9 horsfall 
Wittms grenwood 
edmond9 Stansfeld 
henr Stansfeld 



Rastrick. 

n terr' 

n terr' 

in bon 

n bon 

in terr' 

terr' 

bon 

terr' 

bon 

boh 

boil 

boh 

boh 

boil 

terr' 

in boh 

n boh 

n boh 

n boh 

n boh 

n boh 

in terr' 

n boh 

n boh 

in boh 

n boh 

n boh 



in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
n boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in l)oh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 
in terr' 
in lx)h 
in boh 
in terr' 
in boh 
in terr' 
in boh 
in terr' 
in boh 
in boh 
in boh 



terr' 
boh 



iiij/i 

XXJ 

vijV/ 

\xs 

x\s 

x\s 

x\s 

x\s 

xxs 

x\s 

x\s 

xxs 

V 
XX 

xxs 

xxs 
xxs 
xxs 



viij</ 

ijrf 

xiiij^ 

iiij// 
iiij^ 



Sma — 



v// 


— 




v// 


— 




vj/j 


— 




iiij 


— 




xl 


— 




xl 


— 




XX 


— 




x\s 


— 




x\s 


— 




xxs 


— 




iiij/« 


— 


iiij</ 


x\s 


— 


Ul)tf 


xU 


— 


ijj 


xxs 


— 


ijrf 


xh 


— 


ijrf 


x\s 


— 


ijrf 


xh 


— 


M 


x\s 


— 


iiij</ 


xxs 


— 


jrf 



(i) These figures have completely perished, 



YORKSHIRE LAY SUBSIDIES. 



341 



Roger lee 
laur Rofet 
Johes estwood 
Rot)t9 mechill 
Tohes RoBtschay 
henr horsfall 
Rot5t9 horsfall 



Arthur9 Scolfeld ., 
Rauflf Rayn^ 
Ricus Ravn^ 
Ricus leu^scige 
Wittms Rayn'> 
Carol9 Rayn^ 
Rol5t9 Whitlell .. 
Wittms Nycoll .. 
Johes gledhill 
Wittms gaukroger 

{ohes Don well 
ohes Clerk 
Ricus Flaid^ 
Randus Sotehill 
Thorns Shepley .. 



in bon 
in bon 
in boil 
in bon 
in bon 
in bon 
in boil 

Hertsyd. 

n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n terr' 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
in lK>ii 
in bon 
n bon 
n bon 
n bon 
in bon 



xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
x\s 

v/i 

iiij/r 

vijii 

T 

x\s 
x\s 
x\s 
xls 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xxs 
xU 
Sm« 



- ]d 

- ¥ 

- \)d 

x\}s xd 



Sm^ Totat Wapintag 
in West? Com 



— HljJ 



Ebo'?^*''^^ 1 ^^"i^* '^^ J^ 



xd 

iiijdf 

xiiiW 

iija 

iiij</ 

yi 



M. IS. 



Wapintag de Morley in West? Com Ebor. 



MORLEY. 



RotH9 bradford . 
Wilfrids Re?n^ . 
Withns Dudman . 
Withns blakburii 
Wittms awstwyk . 
Rol5t9 ellf 
Johes Tomson 
Johes awstwyk 
Thorns Armytege 
Nicolaus burnell . 
Roht9 Fosserd 
Johes Ottf 
Ux' ottf 

Wittms Crowd^ . 
Roht9 Crowd^ 
Thonis herd 
Ricus morley 
Thorns Roger 

iohes batley 
en? fosserd 
Ricus Webster 
Johes scott 
Johes Nailer 
Wittms Clerkson . 
Nicoles Smyth 



in terr' 


x\s 


in bon 


.. iiij/x 


in boil 


... x\s 


in boil 


xxs 


in bon 


... \li 


in boH 


... vli 


in boil 


xxs 


in bofl 


xxs 


in boft 


x\s 


in bofi 


xxs 


in boil 


xxs 


in boil 


xxs 


in boii 


iiij// 


in bon 


xxs 


in bofi 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


.. y/i 


in bon 


.. iij/j 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xxs 


in bon 


xLr 


in bon 


XXJ 


in boii 


.. v/i 


in boii 


.. xb 


in bon 


xxs 




Sm* 



- m\d 

- iiij^ 

- ijrf 

- id 

- xrf 

- xd 

- yi 

- )d 

- ijrf 

- \d 

- y 

- iiijrf 

- xxyd 

- \d 

- yrf 

-^ 

- ijrf 

- jrf 
v]s \\\]d 



342 



YORKSHIRE LAV SUBSIDIES 



Anna Copley 
Johanna Copley .. 
Johes bower Ctic9 
Nicolaus hik 
Thorns leu^seige ... 
edmond9 Coventre 
Umfrid9 Rayn^ ... 
Attm Wilbore 
Wittms Chadwyk.. 
ux' brook 

edmond9 brook .. 
Thorns Wilby 
Aftm Tyngle 
hen? Wilby 
Wittms dischfurth... 
Wittms bradley ... 
Wittms Turner .. 
hen? Wilby 
Ricus howley 
Thorns lee 
Ricus Clerk 
Edward9 Copley ... 
Thoins Copley 
Thonis Comsmyth 
Johes Symsoii 
Roti9 lee 
Thoras bradley 
Rofet9 Cowpe 
Johes Clerksofi 
Johes Croft 
Johes barker 
Ricus ball 
Wittms bradley ... 
Thorns Wilbor ... 



Johes Nowell 
xp6r9 nailer 
Thorns lynley 
M^garet bollyng .. 
edward9 Sykiswyk 
Ricus nowell 
Agnes hemyng 
Wittms Smegergill 
Thorns Arnold 
Wittms Tal3ore ... 
xpor9 lee 
Honell9 barker 
Johes lynley 
Kat^ina nailer 
Wittms Ryddilsden 
Wittms henrisoii ... 
Ricus birkynschey... 
Ricus Chaster 
Thorns lynley 
Johanna talsore ... 



Batley. 






... in feodf . 


iiij// 


— viii</ 


... in feodf . 


x\s 


— iiij</ 


in feodf . 


.. xb 


— ui}d 


in lerr' 


XXX 


- ijrf 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ijrf 


in terr* 


xxs 


~ iK 


in bon 


iiij/j 


— iiijrf 


in terr' 


xxs 


- ij</ 


in bon 


.. v/i 


- id 


in bon 


xU 


— IK 

— u)d 

— iijflf 


in boil 


iij/i 


in bon 


iij/« 


in bon 


.. iij/j 


— mu/ 


in bon 


iiii/i 


in boil 


.. xLr 


- \id 


in bofi 


iii/« 


— Hid 


in boh 


.. As 


- iid 


in bofi 


xU 


- ¥ 


in terr' 


xU 


— \i\\d 


in bon 


x\s 


- ij</ 


in bofi 


.. xh 


lUjrf 


in bon 


.. xU 


in bon 
in bon 


iiij/i 
xxs 


in bon 


.. xU 


- ft 

— Ijrf 


in bon 


.. xLr 


in bon 


xxs 


= {5 


... in bon 


xxs 


in boil 


xxs 


— ma 


in bon 


xxs 


in boii 


.. x\s 


in bon 


iij/i 


in boil 


XXJ 


-- i)d 


in bon 


.. xU 




Sma — 


vijx ixd 


Est Ardisley. 






in bon 


.. v/i 


— xd 


in bon 


.. iiij/i 


— in\d 


... in boii 


iij/« 


— u}d 


in boii 


iiij/* 


— iujd 


in bon 


iij/» 


— u)d 


in boii 


iij// 


— u\d 


in bon 


.. x\s 


- ijrf 


in boii 


xLr 


- (yi 


in bon 


.. xlr 


- ijrf 


in bon 


.. x\s 


- i rf 


in bon 


.. xh 


- IH 

— ijrf 


in bon 


.. x\s 


in bon 


xxs 


- jrf 


in boii 


XXJ 


zij 


in boii 


.. xb 


... in bon 


xxs 


= & 


in boii 


.. x\s 


in bon 


xxs 


- ¥^ 

— lid 


in terr* 


xxs 


in terr* 


xxs 




Sm* — 


mjs ujd 



YORKSHIRK LAY SUBSIDIES. 



343 



M. 





Bbiston. 






RancTus flfeld 


in bon 




~ xiiijaT 


Rofct9 galla 


in bon 


— xij^ 


Johes Wat^worth ... 


in bon 


iij/f 


— iijdf 


Thorns Awmler ... 


in boil 


.. . ii]// 


— u\d 


Johes galle 


in boii 


iiij// 


— iiiji/ 


Rob\9 dikson 


in bon 


x\s 


- ijrf 


Radus Chanlere ... 


in bon 


.. xh 


- lid 


George Dikson 


in bon 


xxs 


- J^ 


Ricus tbakwroo ... 


in bon 


xxs 


- y 


leofid9 bus.se 


in bon 


xxs 


- U 


Wiitms breye Sen 


in bon 


xxs 


— j^ 


Wittro